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BOOK VII UNIT ONE


BOOK VII

UNIT ONE

1

disability (n) 无能;无力;伤残 无能;无力;
a physical/mental disability 身体残疾/心理缺陷

disabled (adj) 残疾的;伤残的 残疾的;
the disabled 残疾人 He was born disabled. 他天生残疾。

2

have the ability to do 有能力做某事 lap (n) 跑道的一圈; 人坐着时)大腿的上方 跑道的一圈; 人坐着时) (人坐着时 (
We cheered her on as she ran the last lap. 她跑最后一圈时我们都替她加油。 The child sat on his mother’s lap. 那个孩子坐在母亲的腿上。 cheer sb on 为某人加油

3

ambition (n) 雄心;野心;抱负;志向 雄心;野心;抱负;
a man of ambition 一个有雄心的人 achieve one’s ambition 达成抱负 He has no ambition. 他胸无大志。 My ambition is to become a writer. 我的志向是当一名作家。

ambitious (adj) 有雄心的;有野心的 有雄心的;
an ambitious young man 一个有野心的年轻人

4

suitable (adj) 适合的;适宜的 适合的;
a suitable answer 贴切的回答 a suitable candidate 合适的人选

be suitable for … 适合…… 适合……
This program isn’t suitable for children. 这个节目儿童不宜。

5

beneficial (adj) 有益的 be (very) beneficial to…= be of (great) benefit to… 对……有益处 … … ……有益处
The rain is very beneficial to the crops. 这场雨使农作物很受益。 This good book is very beneficial to me. 这本书使我受益匪浅。

benefit sb/sth 使……受益 ……受 sb/sth benefit from… 从……中受益 ……中受益 …
Regular exercise benefits us a lot. = We benefit from regular exercise a lot. 经常运动使我们很受益。

6

in other words = that is (to say) 换句话说;也就是说 换句话说;
His wife is my daughter, in other words, I’m his mother-in-law. 他妻子是我女儿,换句话说,我是他的岳母。

7

adapt (vt) (1) 使适应 adapt (oneself) to… = adjust (oneself) to… 适应…… … … 适应……
She has adapted herself to the new life here. 她已经适应了这里的新生活。 So far he has not adapted himself to the climate there. 到目前为止,他还没适应那里的气候。

(2) 改编;改写 = rewrite 改编; adapt A for B 把 A 改编为 B
The story was adapted for a TV play. 这个故事改编成电视剧。 The novel was adapted for a film. 那部小说被改编成了电影。 cut out 切去;省略;删除 cut off 切断 cut down 砍倒;减少

8

cut up 切碎

9

out of breath 上气不接下气
out of reach 够不着 out of control 失控 out of sight 看不见 out of date 过期 out of balance 失去平衡 out of debt 毫无怀疑 out of question 毫无疑问

10

absence (n) 缺席;不在某处 缺席;
absence from work/school/class 缺勤/逃学/逃课 The teacher soon noticed his absence from class. 老师很快察觉到他缺课了。

in/during one’s absence = in the absence of sb 某人不在时;在背地里 某人不在时;
Behave yourself in my absence. behave oneself 规矩点 我不在时要规矩点。 They spoke ill of the captain during his absence. speak ill of sb 说某人坏话 他们在背地里说队长的坏话。

absent (adj) 不在的;缺席的 present (adj) 在场的;出席的 不在的; 在场的; be absent from… 自……缺席 … ……缺席
She was absent from school with a cold. 她因感冒没去上学。 absent-minded 心不在焉的 narrow-minded 心胸狭隘 broad-minded 心胸宽广

11

fellow (adj) 同伴的;同类的 同伴的; (n) 同伴;伙伴 同伴;
fellow students/workers/travelers 同学/同事/旅伴

12

annoy (vt) 使烦恼;使恼怒 使烦恼; annoyed 恼怒的;生气的 annoying 令人恼怒的;讨厌的 恼怒的; 令人恼怒的; be annoyed with sb = be angry with sb 生某人的气 be annoyed at/about sth 因某事生气
She was annoyed with him because he broke the appointment. 因为他失约她对他生气。 I was annoyed about his bad manners.

我因他的无礼很生气。

13

sit around 闲坐着
I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. 我的生活很充实,没时间闲坐着顾影自怜。 feel sorry for 为……感到遗憾 She always sit around, doing nothing. 她老是闲坐着,什么也不做。 hung out/around 联想;闲逛

14

as well as (就远 = and(复) = not only…but also(就近 和;也 就远) 复 … 就近) 就远 就近
Smith as well as some students is carrying out an experiment. Smith 和一些学生正在做实验。 He grows flowers as well as vegetables. 他既种花又种菜。 She is smart as well as beautiful. 她既聪明又美丽。

15

in many ways 在许多方面 n every ways 在各个方面 in this way 用这种方式
The computer is very beneficial to us in many ways. 计算机在许多方面使我们受益。

16

make fun of sb = tease ab = laugh at sb = play a joke/trick on sb 取笑某人 what great fun it is to do 做……多有趣啊 ……多有趣啊
It ’s shameful to make fun of the disabled. 取笑残疾人可耻。 No one likes being made fun of in public. 没人喜欢当众被取笑。

for fun 为了好玩;为了消遣 为了好玩;
I learn to play the guitar just for fun. 我学弹吉他只是为了消遣。

17

conduct (1) (un) 行为;品行 行为;
a man of good conduct 品行端正的人 His conduct disagrees with his words. 他言行不一。 shameful conduct 可耻的行为

(2) (vt) 指挥;进行;导(点、热);带领 指挥;进行; 点 ;
conduct the band 指挥乐队 Copper conducts electricity. 铜能导电。 conduct an experiment/survey 进行一项实验/调查 The headmaster conducted us around the school. show sb around sp 带领某人参观 校长带领我们参观了这所学校。

18

never mind 不要担心;不要紧(道歉 不要担心;不要紧 道歉 道歉)
——The tire is flat. ——Never mind. We’ve got a spare one.

——车胎没气了。 ——不要紧,我们有备胎。

19

resign (vi&vt) 辞职;辞去(工作、职位等 辞职;辞去 工作 职位等) 工作、
He resigned his post (职位、职务)because he had been offered a better job. 他辞职了,因为他找到了更好的工作。 He resigned because of his law salary. 由于薪水低他辞职了。

20

companion (cn) 同伴;伙伴 同伴;
a lifelong companion 终身的伴侣 I had a good companion white travelling. 旅行期间我有一个好同伴。 His dog became his closest companion in the last years of his life. 他的狗成了他晚年最亲密的伙伴。

21

congratulate (1) (vt) 祝贺;庆祝 祝贺; congratulate sb on sth (因…… 祝贺某人 因……)祝贺某人
I congratulate you on your success. 祝贺你成功了。 I congratulate you on getting such a good chance. 我祝贺你得到这样一个好机会。

(2) (n) congratulations (交际用语用复数 交际用语用复数) 交际用语用复数
——It’s your birthday today. ——Congratulations! ——今天是你的生日。 ——祝贺你!

celebrate sth 庆祝 某活动) 庆祝(某活动 某活动
celebrate the New Year’s Day/Christmas/Thanksgiving/the Spring Festival/ birthday 庆祝新年/圣诞节/感恩节/春节/生日

22

adequate (adj) 足够的;充分的 足够的;
an adequate supply of hot water 足够的热水供应 The supply is not adequate for the demand. 供不应求。 Our bodies need adequate nutrition.
我们的身体需要充足的营养。

23

exit (n) 出口
Where is the exit? 出口在哪儿? an emergency exit 紧急出口

24

access (n) (1) 通道;进入 通道;
The path is the only access to the village.

这条小路是通往那个村庄的唯一通道。

(2) have/get/gain access to sth 获得 接近/使用 ……的机会 权利 获得/接近 使用 ……的机会 权利) 接近 使用(……的机会/权利
have no access to education 没有受教育的机会 Students must have access to good resources. 学生必须有机会使用好的信息资源。 Citizens may have free access to the library. 市民可以免费使用这个图书馆。 Only high officials have access to the president. 只有高级官员才有机会接近总统。

accessible (adj) 可接近的;可进入的;可使用的 可接近的;可进入的; be accessible to sb/sth 某物 地对于某人来说是可以使用的 某物/地对于某人来说是可以使用的
Medicine should not be kept where it is accessible to children. 药物不应该放在儿童易接近的地方。

25

meet with 遇到;经历 遇到;
No matter what difficulty you met with, keep on trying. 不管你会遇到什么困难,继续努力。 approval (n) —— approve (v) 赞成;认为 arrival (n) —— arrive (v) 到达 refusal (n) —— refuse (v) 拒绝 proposal (n) —— propose (v) 提议

26

27

profit (cn) 收益;利润;盈利 收益;利润;
a rise/ an increase/ a drop/ a fall in profits 收益的上升/增长/跌落/下降 make a profit/profits (of…) 获取利润 Our company made a profit of $50,000 this month. 本月我们公司获利润 5 万美元。 net profit 纯利润 for profit 为了利润

28

assistance 协助;援助 协助; come to one’s assistance 来帮助某人 assist (vt) 帮助;协助 帮助; assistant (n) 助手

1

BOOK VII UNIT ONE I guess you could say that I am “one in a million”. 我想你可能会说我是“百万人中才有一个”的那种人。

one in a million 中的 中的“in = out of 表示比例关系;……中有几个;……分之几 表示比例关系;……中有几个 ……分之几 中有几个; 分之几”
eg:three in five students 五分之三的学生 one in three teachers = one third of the teacher 三分之一的老师 My motto is:live one day at a time. 我的座右铭是:珍惜每一天。

2

(1) at a time 一次;每次 一次;
Take two pills at a time. 每次服两粒药。 We can’t do two things at a time. 我们不能一次做两件事。

(2) at one time 曾经;一度(过去时间状语 与过去式连用 曾经; 过去时间状语)(与过去式连用 过去时间状语 与过去式连用)
This used to be a very beautiful valley at one time. 这里曾经是一个非常美丽的山谷。 They were good friends at one time. 他们曾经是好朋友。 I think I had at least a billion tests, including one in which they cut out a piece of muscle from my leg and looked at it under a microscope. 我想我至少做过十亿次检查了,包括有一次检查,他们从我的腿部切下一小块肌肉,放在显 微镜下观察。 句中的 one 替代名词”a test”

3

cut out (1) 切除;切下;剪下 切除;切下;
The surgeon(外科医生) cut out the tumor(肿瘤). 外科医生切除了肿瘤。 I cut this advertisement out of the newspaper. 我从报纸上剪下了这则广告。

(2) 删除;省略 删除;
Cut out the last two sentences. 删掉最后两个句子。 My life is a lot easier at high school because my fellow students have accepted me. 我的生活在高中是很容易,因为同学们已经接受了我。 a lot easier 容易得多 修饰比较级的程度副词:

4

(1) much/far/a lot/a great deal + 比较级 “……得多” “……得多 得多”
This problem is a lot more difficult than the other problems. 这道题比其他的题难多了。

(2) a little/bit + 比较级 “……一点” “……一点 一点”
It is a little warmer today.

今天暖和些了。

(3) even/still + 比较级 “更……”
This book is even more interesting. 这本书更有趣。 5 Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do. 要接受他们,给予他们鼓励,让他们能像你一样过得丰富多彩,充实美满。

“as + adj + a/an + n + as”
It is as beautiful a day as yesterday. 今天的天气与昨天的一样晴朗。 He is as diligent a boy as you. 他是一个和你一样勤奋的男孩。 6 I read in the news paper today that you are to be the architect… 今天我从报上了解到,您将成为……的建筑师 be to do 用法:

(1) 表示按计划或安排要做的事 表示按计划或安排要做的事
When are you to leave for home? 你什么时候回家? She is to be married next month. 她将于下个月结婚。

(2) 表示“应该” 相当于 should, ought to 表示“应该” ,
You are to call the police. 你应该报警。 What is to be done? 应该怎么办呢?

(3) 表示“必须” 相当于 must, have to 表示“必须” 相当于 ,
The letter is to be handed to him in person. 这封信必须亲手交给他。 You are to do your homework before you watch TV. 看电视之前你得先做完作业。

(4) 用语否定句,表示“禁止” 相当于 mustn’t 用语否定句,表示“禁止” ,
The books in this room are not to be taken outside. 这个室内的书籍不得带出室外。 You are not to smoke in the reading-room. 你不可以在阅览室里吸烟。 I hope my suggestion will meet with your approval. 希望你能赞成这些建议。

7

meet with sth 遇到(困难) 体验到…… 遇到( 困难) 体验到…… ;体验到 ;
I met with kindness wherever I went. 不论我到哪儿,总是受到人亲切相待。 My uncle met with much criticism after he published his article.

我舅舅发表文章后,遭到了很多批评。 criticize (v) criticism (un)批评 He met with some difficulties when he tried to solve the problem. 他努力解决这个问题时遇到了一些难题。 8 Disabled people should have the same opportunities as able-bodied people to enjoy the cinema and to do so with dignity. 残疾人应当与健全人一样有同样的机会欣赏电影,同时能保持自己的尊严。

(1) able-bodied 是由 是由”adj + n + ed”构成的复合形容词 构成的复合形容词
eg:one-eyed 独眼的 long-armed 长臂的 kind-hearted 疑心的 cold-blooded 冷血的 round-faced 圆脸的

(2) dignity 尊严
9 human dignity 做人的尊严 with dignity 有尊严地 (1) Adequate access for wheelchairs. 为乘坐轮椅的人提供充分的便利。 (2) I’m sure many people will praise your cinema if you design it with good access for disabled people. 如果你设计的电影院能够为残疾人提供方便,我相信许多人都会夸奖你的电影院。

……的通路 ①access to sp/sb ……的通路
The only access to the café is across the square. 要到那间咖啡厅只能穿过广场。

使用某物或接近某人的)机会或权利 ②Have/get/gain access to sb/sth (使用某物或接近某人的 机会或权利 使用某物或接近某人的
Every student has free access to the library. 每位学生都可以自由利用图书馆。 It is easy to have access to him. 他平易近人。


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