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高考英语二轮模块专题复习课件-完形填空[新课标广东省]


模块1

完形填空

专题一 专题二 专题三 专题四

记叙文型完形填空 夹叙夹议型完形填空 议论文型完形填空 说明文型完形填空

模块1

完形填空

模块1│ 考纲解读
考纲解读 完形填空是一种综合测试,涉及的知识面很广,旨 在测试考生的阅读理

解能力和综合运用语言的能力。具 体表现在以下几个方面: 1.词语辨析能力 2.语法结构分析能力 3.语篇理解能力 4.逻辑推理能力 5.文化背景透析能力 6.作者意图剖析能力 7.生活常识综合运用能力

模块1│ 命题分析
命题分析 在选材上主要以记叙文、夹叙夹议型的文章为主,伴 之以说明文和议论文。所选材料源于生活,时代感强,语 言地道,内容健康,情节丰富,寓意深刻,常涉及人物的 心理活动描写,集知识、文化、教育和娱乐为一体,具有 极强的可读性。词数大多在250—300词之间,难度低于阅 读理解部分的文段。 根据上下文语境来确定最佳选项。近年来的完形填空 试题在选项的设置上越来越淡化语法结构,重在文意的干 扰,即把具体的语言知识溶进具体的语言情景中去,考查

模块1│ 命题分析

考生通过上下文的前后提示或暗示,对整体文意进行把握 的能力。这种考查方式所占的比例较大,且难度也大,若 单纯从句子或个别段落来分析,或许所给的四个答案在语 法和结构上都是正确的,若放在整个文章中去理解,则不 一定正确。因此,快速浏览全文,领悟文章主旨,通过上 下文的语境来选择答案是解决这类题的关键。以下是广东 最近三年高考自主命题的完形填空命题特点以及实词考查 对照表:

模块1│ 命题分析
年度 2008年 2009年 2010年

体裁

记叙文

记叙文

记叙文
该文记叙了一位 南韩学生初到美国 学习时所感受到的 文化差异。 215 3

题材

该文讲述了并非 该文记叙了阿尔 所有英国神话故事 弗雷德·诺贝尔决定 中的仙女都是善良 设立诺贝尔奖金的 的, 有的也很恶毒, 经过。 常给人们带来痛苦。 206 2 172 3

总词数 名词

动词
形容词 副词

4
4 0

4
2 1

0
6 1

模块1│ 应试点睛
应试点睛 完形填空的考查内容和范围 1.主要考查的词类:只考查实词,即名词、动词、 形容词和副词。完形填空题突出考查考生对篇章的整体理 解和对语境的理解, 而在文章中只有实词才能较好地突 出词汇的语境化。细读两年的考试大纲和研究近三年的高 考试题后, 可以得知, 广东卷完形填空只考实 词, 主要是名词、动词(包括短语动词)、形容词、副词 等。同时, 每小题的四个选项均属同一词类或同一语法 形式。比如, 四个选项都是名词, 就都是单数名词或复 数名词或是不可数名词;若四个选项都是形容词或副

模块1│ 应试点睛
词,要么都是原级, 要么都是比较级, 要么都是最高 级;如果都是动词, 那么四个选项就要么都是及物动词 或不及物动词, 要么都是?ing形式或?ed形式, 要么都 是动词原形。 2.试题的选文特点:广东卷完形填空的体裁可以是 具有一定故事情节的记叙文, 或是夹叙夹议、富有哲理 的议论文, 也可以是说明文。2008~2010年的三篇文章 的主题都很明确, 内容完整, 结构严谨, 层次分明, 逻辑性强, 文章内容新, 立意高, 构思巧妙, 富有 一定的时代意义和教育意义, 句式结构不是很复杂,

模块1│ 应试点睛
知识内涵没有超出中学生的认知水平, 考生读起来熟悉、 亲切、自然, 其难度略高于高三教材。完形填空的首句是 文章的窗口, 有助于考生了解和推测全文的大意, 所以短 文首句均不设空, 每两题空格最大间隔一般不超过30个词, 最小不低于5个词。广东卷完形填空的全部答案都是通过理 解上下文来确定的, 也可以说是要求考生从文章中找直接 或间接的答案。它一般不设纯语法题, 如不设主谓一致题, 不设复合句的连接词, 不考介词、代词等。另外, 四个选 项中一般不会出现很难辨析的同义词或近义词。逻辑推理、 背景知识、生活常识、惯用法和搭配是命题者经常考虑的命 题点。

模块1│ 应试点睛

3.考查的主要技能:首先,考查考生结合文章 上下文对词汇意义及其用法的理解和运用能力。完 形填空题有相当一部分试题考查考生能否根据文章 的上下文来正确辨别所给选项, 选出最适合某语境 的词或词组。其次,考查考生灵活运用惯用法和常 用搭配的能力。还有,考查考生根据生活常识进行 推理和判断的能力。

模块1│ 题型探究
题型探究

?

探究点一:

对名词和动词的考查

完形填空主要考查语境, 而在通常情况下, 只有 实词才能较好地体现语境。2008~2010年广东高考英语 卷完形填空设空全为实词, 如名词、动词、形容词、副 词等。

模块1│ 题型探究

一、名词 名词是完形填空中对词汇考查的重要内容之一。 名词在英语基本词汇中所占比例很大, 而且英语名 词的同义词和近义词很多, 所以对名词考查的主要 项目是名词意义辨析, 此外还有名词与介词的搭配、 动词与名词的搭配等。

模块1│ 题型探究

做题时应该注意: 1.名词的基本意义以及同、近义名词的区分 例 ( )Chinese arts have won the ________ of a lot of people outside China. A.enjoyment B.appreciation C.entertainment D.reputation

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 B 本题考查名词的词义辨析。enjoyment 享乐, 快乐;appreciation欣赏, 正确评价, 感激; entertainment款待, 娱乐;reputation名誉, 名声。 根据语境“中国的艺术得到许多海外人士的好评”可知 答案为B。

模块1│ 题型探究

2.名词在特定情景、语境中的特殊含义: 例 ( )“The longer you stay away from the motherland,” she said, “the sweeter your blood grows to the mosquitoes.” Well, less than a week after my arrival, I was already carpeted with a ________ of mosquito bites. A.shade B.pile C.cloud D.blanket

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 D blanket原意是“毯子、毛毯”, 此 处意思是“像毯子一样的厚厚的覆盖物”, 此处引申 为“一层”。另外, carpet常用作名词, 意思是 “毯子”, 也可用作动词, 意思是“像毯子一样覆 盖”。

模块1│ 题型探究

3.名词与动词的搭配
例1 ( )I have read the material several times but it doesn’t make any ________ to me. A.meaning B.importance C.sense D.significance 【解析】 C make sense是固定习语, 意为 “意义清楚、讲得通、有道理”。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )Then he suddenly felt nervous. After all, it was his first time to________ a part in a play. A.made B.join C.have D.give

【解析】 C have a part 是习惯搭配, 意思 “扮演一个角色”。

模块1│ 题型探究

4.名词与介词的搭配 例1 ( )Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by________ of cries. A.ways B.means C.methods D.approaches

【解析】 B 四个选项都有“方法、手段”的意思, 但by means of 是固定短语。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )Don’t leave matches or cigarettes on the table within________ of little children. A.hand B.reach C.space D.distance

【解析】 B 因为within sb’s reach是固定习语, 意为“某人伸手拿得到的”。

模块1│ 题型探究

二、动词 动词是高考考查的热点。命题者通过设置特定的、 真实 的语境对动词和动词短语的用法进行考查。

模块1│ 题型探究
做题时应该注意: 1.动词的基本意义、引申意义 例1 ( )Scientists around the world have been studying the warning of waters in the Pacific Ocean known as EL Nino. The appearance of EL Nino is known to ________ the weather around the world. A.effect B.affect C.spoil D.heat

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 B effect招致,引起,影响(多用作 名词); affect影响,作用,感动; spoil宠坏,溺 爱,破坏;heat加热,激昂。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )People who are well?adjusted are able to________ stress situations better than others. A.handle B.create C.affect D.investigate 【解析】 A handle作名词时意思是“柄, 把 手”, 此处用作动词, 意思是“处理, 操作”。

模块1│ 题型探究

2.同、近义动词的区分 例1 ( )Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors completed a 20?hour operation to have________ one?year?old twins at the head. A.cut B .separated C.divided D.removed

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 B 本题考查动词的近义词辨析。cut切,割, 削,剪,截;separate把(本来在一起的人或物)分开, 分 离;divide把(一个整体)划分为均等的几个部分;remove 把??脱掉, 剔除。根据题意“医生成功地实施手术, 把连体孪生婴儿分开了”, 只有separate 合乎语境。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )Four years of study in Hong Kong is not cheap, costing at least 400,000 yuan, but many top students ________ scholarships. A.accept B.receive C.require D.request 【解析】 B accept接受, 同意, 承担(责任等); receive收到,接受,迎接。此处的意思是“很多优秀学 生获得奖学金”。

模块1│ 题型探究
3.动词与介词的搭配 例1 ( )A month ago, right before leaving Kennedy Airport, my grandma________ me of the behavior of the native mosquitoes around the visitors like me. A.persuaded B.reminded C.warned D.informed

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )Scientists are ________ of the positive effect of laughter on physical and mental health. A.convinced B.persuaded C.allowed D.prevented 【解析】 A 使??信服。 convince sb. of sth.使某人确信,

模块1│ 题型探究
4.动词与名词的搭配 例1 ( )“But they are ________damage to our houses and shops of historical interest ,” said John Norris, one of the protesters. A.doing B .raising C.putting D.producing

【解析】 A 破坏”。

固定搭配do damage to意为“损害、

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )He explained that I looked for the best in people,…From then on, I’ve always tried to________the principle in my life and later in running my company. A.revise B .set C.review D.follow 【解析】 D follow the principle遵循这一原则。

模块1│ 题型探究
5.动词短语的意义 例1 ( )They thought they would get the chance to ________ the new oil fields in this area. A.put up B.set up C.open up D.build up
【解析】 C put up有“搭起, 搭建, 建造”之意, 但后面一般要接房子、帐篷之类的名词作宾语。set up 有 “设立, 建立, 创立”之意, 后面要接工厂、组织、榜样 等名词作宾语;open up意思为“打开, 打通, 开发, 开 创”, 后面接领土、资源之类的名词作宾语。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( ) …he told me I needed to relax because I looked nervous. After I________, I played better. A.fell down B.stepped down C.slowed down D.calmed down
【解析】 D fall down跌倒; step down 下台, 让位, 辞去公职; slow down放慢速度, 减速; calm down平静下来, 镇定下来。

模块1│ 题型探究

?

探究点二:

对形容词和副词的考查

形容词、副词是高考完形填空重要的考查内容。形容 词可以修饰名词。副词主要用来修饰动词、形容词、副词 等。广东高考完形填空考查的副词有相当一部分是方式副 词(表示行为动作发生方式的副词)。重点掌握以下两类方 式副词:

模块1│ 题型探究

(1)由形容词加后缀?ly构成的副词, 如slowly(慢 慢地), politely(有礼貌地), proudly(骄傲地), carelessly(粗心地), properly(适当地, 完全地), successfully(成功地), happily(高兴地), angrily(愤怒地), badly(严重地, 非常)等。 (2)由分词加后缀?ly构成的副词, 如 surprisingly(使人惊奇的是), hurriedly(匆忙地), undoubtedly(无疑, 必定)等。

模块1│ 题型探究

做题时应该注意: 1.形容词、副词的基本意义、引申意义 例1 ( )That his only son was killed in car accident was a ________ blow to the old man. A.heavy B.broad C.huge D.main 【解析】 A 老人唯一的儿子在车祸中丧生对他来 说是沉重的打击。这里的heavy是“强烈的, 沉重的” 的意思。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )She has the ability to keep________ in an emergency. A.quiet B.calm C.still D.silent
【解析】 B 我们不妨从这几个“静”的反义词角度 来加以辨析。calm对应wild, 指海上无浪, 情绪镇定; still对应moving, 指不动;silent对应wordy, 指不出声; quiet对应noisy, 安静, 无噪音。同一个形容词和副词, 在不同的语境中, 会有不同的词义。

模块1│ 题型探究

例3 ( )Mr. Smith used to smoke ________ but he has given it up. A.seriously B.heavily C.badly D .hardly
【解析】 B Mr. Smith以前抽烟抽得很凶, 但现在已经戒掉了。这里的heavily指的是量大, 次数频繁。

模块1│ 题型探究

例4 ( )The final score of the basketball match was 93∶94.We were only ________ beaten. A.nearly B.slightly C.narrowly D.lightly 【解析】 C 副词narrowly在此表示“勉强地”。句 意:篮球赛的最后比分是93∶94。我们以微弱的劣势输掉 了比赛。

模块1│ 题型探究

2.同、近义形容词、副词的区别 很多形容词和副词一词多义。在形容词和副词考查中, 有时会碰到同义、近义词的辨析。辨析时, 单从汉语意 思上有时是无法辨清的。我们要逆向思维, 采用反义对 比、分析构词等方法, 使语义一目了然。

模块1│ 题型探究
例1 ( )When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above________. A.average B.ordinary C.regular D.normal 例2 ( )Letter boxes are much more________ in the UK than in the US, where most people have a mailbox instead. A.common B.normal C.ordinary D.usual

模块1│ 题型探究
例3 ( )It’s in the________ interest that we should have a well?run health service. A.ordinary B.general C.particular D.usual 例4 ( )Now, in our country, free medical treatment covers sickness of mind as well as ________sickness. A.normal B.average C.ordinary D.regular

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 D、A、B、C 这组题目主要涉及ordinary, usual, common和normal等词语的辨析。要辨清这几个中 文意义十分相近的词的用法, 我们不妨来个逆向思维, 从它们的反义词上去找些“蛛丝马迹”:ordinary — special (特殊的);general — specific, particular (具体的, 个体的);common — rare (少见的); normal — abnormal (不正常的)。从反义词的角度, 把 同义、近义词作对比, 它们的区别便一目了然。

模块1│ 题型探究

3.形容词与介词的搭配 例 ( )This magazine is very ________ with young people, who like its content and style. A.familiar B.popular C.similar D.particular 【解析】 B be familiar with熟悉;be popular with受??欢迎;be similar to与??相似(注意不搭配 介词with);be particular about对??很讲究(不搭配介 词with)。

模块1│ 题型探究
4.动词与副词的搭配
例 ( )I ________ recognize the difficult situation the company is in. A.strongly B.deeply C.sincerely D.fully

【解析】 D 注意记忆一些常用表达, 如deeply regret 深感遗憾;fully recognize完全认清;sincerely hope由衷地希望;strongly recommend强烈建议。

模块1│ 题型探究

5.语境 对形容词、副词的考查, 侧重语境考查占较大比 重。答此类题目时不仅仅要理解形容词和副词的词义, 而且对语境的正确理解更为重要。所以, 应选择与短 文所描述的情景或叙述的人、物、事件的性质、特征等 有关的形容词或副词, 以及与短文前后叙述的话题、 主题、中心内容相关的形容词或副词。

模块1│ 题型探究
例1 ( )The committee is discussing the problem right now. It will ________ have been solved by the end of next week. A.eagerly B.hopefully C.immediately D.gradually 【解析】 B 既然“现在正在讨论”, 那么这个问 题在一定时间内得到解决是“有希望的”。比较四个选 项, 你会发现A、C、D在逻辑上都讲不通, 可知答案 是B。

模块1│ 题型探究
例2 ( )At times, worrying is a normal , ________ response to a difficult event or situation—a loved one being injured in an accident, for example. A.effective B.individual C.inevitable D.unfavorable 【解析】 C 分析题干的语境可知, 既然 “worrying”是对困难的一种正常反应, 那么这种 现象的发生就是自然的, 也是“不可避免的”。

模块1│ 题型探究
? 探究点三: 前制性、后制性和语篇性的设空

完形填空答案有的由已读过的上文决定, 有的由未读 过的下文决定, 还有的要综合上下文而定, 这三种设空 方法分别称为前制性设空、后制性设空和语篇性设空。毫 无疑问, 前制性设空难度低, 后制性设空难度较高, 语 篇性设空难度最大。

模块1│ 题型探究
1.前制性设空:答案由已读过的上文决定 例1 ( )I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was ________ and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be anything but a failure.” A.bright B.useless C.simple D.hopeful 【解析】 B 根据…did very badly和You’re never going to be anything but a failure, 可 知答案。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )I couldn’t bear the pain of the bites. I woke up my cousin, who was sleeping peacefully in the bed next to mine. Unhappy for being ________ she said, “There is nothing you can do…” A.blamed B.interrupted C.moved D.frightened 【解析】 B 道答案。 根据I woke up my cousin可以知

模块1│ 题型探究
2.后制性设空:答案由未读过的下文决定 例1 ( )“Ring up this lady. She wants a________ immediately. In fact, you would have to start tomorrow by cooking a dinner for ten people.” A.cook B .help C.teacher D.secretary

【解析】 A 根据…have to start tomorrow by cooking a dinner 可以知道答案。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )Liu Mei is among the ________ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted Liu a full scholarship — HK$500,000.Not all students are so fortunate. A.poor B.smart C.lucky D.silent 【解析】 C 根据?granted (答应给)Liu a full scholarship和Not all students are so fortunate. 可以知道答案。

模块1│ 题型探究
3.语篇性设空:综合上下文后敲定答案 这种设题方式体现了“突出语篇”的命题思路。 例 ( )I played a racquetball game against my cousin Ed last week. It was one of the most ________ games I’ve ever had. When Ed suggested we play, I laughed quietly, figuring on an easy victory.?When the game finally ended, both of us were lying flat on our backs. In a way, I think we both won: I the game, but cousin Ed my respect. A.encouraging B.hopeless C.surprising D.regular

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 C 此题并非考查四个词的区别, 而是考 查对全文的理解。根据后文提到的作者预计的得分与实 际得分相比较, 这场比赛的结果是出人意料的, 可以 推断C项为正确答案。

模块1│ 题型探究

?

探究点四:

句子、句组和语篇的层次

完形填空题设空的答案有的由一个句子决定, 有的由相邻不远的一组句子决定, 还有的由语 篇内容综合决定。因此, 完形填空设空分为句 子层次、句组层次和语篇层次。设空的难度, 从句子层次到句组层次, 再到语篇层次, 依次 递增。

模块1│ 题型探究
1.句子层次 完形填空的设空答案由一个句子决定。其所提供 的四个选项往往在语法上都能成立, 但从语境来看, 却只有一个选项是最合适的。 例1 ( )I could hardly wait for him to open up his gift. In fact, I barely slept the night before. Upon awakening, I went to the kitchen to________ the coffee, tea and morning goodies. A.start B.cook C.set D.serve

模块1│ 题型探究

【解析】 A 我一早就去厨房, cook(烹调)与后面 宾语the coffee和tea不搭配, 它可以与breakfast搭配; set(摆放),serve(端饭菜)都必须有服务对象, 通过对 全段的理解可以感到此时家里其他人都没起来; start(开始动手)正说明一开始的情况。

模块1│ 题型探究

例2 ( )For hours, the secretary took no notice of them, hoping that the couple would finally become ________ and go away. A.surprised B.disappointed C.worried D.troubled 【解析】 B 根据句子中的took no notice和go away 可以判断出答案。

模块1 │ 题型探究

2.句组层次 完形填空的设空答案仅仅根据一个句子往往 解决不了问题, 必须联系上下句, 甚至更多的 句子才能得出答案。有的试题需要考生逾越句子、 甚至是段落来进行理解和推断。句组层次的题型, 比句子层次从难度上提高了。

模块1 │ 题型探究
例 And they asked why I would risk everything for a dream. I made my 1.________ to start my own company and leave my secure( 稳固的) position after 2.________ a regional sales meeting. The vice?president of our company delivered a 3.________ that changed my life. He asked us, “If a god would offer you three wishes, what would they be?” After giving us a moment to write down the three wishes, he then asked us, “Why do you need a god?” I would never forget the power I felt at that moment.

模块1 │ 题型探究

( ( (

)1.A.plan B.promise )2.A. attending C.entering )3.A. newspaper C.report

C.decision D.mind B .joining D.holding B .book D.speech

模块1 │ 题型探究

【解析】 1.C 从空后的to start my own company and leave my secure(稳固的) position我们知道这是作者 作出的“决定”。 2.A 从空后的a regional sales meeting 我们知 道作者是参加会议。 3.D 从He asked us, “If a god would offer you three wishes, what would they be ?” 以及后文 我们知道, 他作的是一个“演说”, 而不是作报告。

模块1 │ 题型探究

3.语篇层次 完形填空的设空答案若从单句或“局部”来分析, 所给的四个答案在语法或结构上都是正确的, 若统观全 篇, 则不都正确。语篇层次是完形填空题命题的较高层 次, 这个层次的题难度较大, 做题时需要具备很强的 阅读理解能力以及逻辑推理、判断分析的能力。

模块1 │ 题型探究
例1 Dear Laura, I just heard you tell an old story of gift giving and unselfish love in your program. You doubted that such unselfish love would happen in today’s world. Well, I’m here to give you________. A.hope B.advice C.support D.courage So I wanted you to know, that kind of love still exists and lives even in the ever?changing world of me, me, me! I thought you’d love to share this story. Yours, Hilary

模块1 │ 题型探究
【解析】 A You doubted that such unselfish love would happen in today’s world.这句话体现了作者要说明 的中心是unselfish love(无私的爱), 而信的结尾又作了肯定 回答that kind of love still exists and lives even in the ever?changing world of me, me, me!首尾呼应, 中心 明确。把握住这个中心, 对得出正确选项极有帮助。本小题 在开门见山的第一段中, 体现出对全文的概括, 文中的you 持怀疑态度, 作者当然不可能support(支持)、courage(鼓 励);而advice(劝告)是在对方没主意的情况下发出的; hope(希望)正是针对怀疑而来, 作者在下文中用事实给you以 “希望”, 打消you的怀疑。

模块1 │ 题型探究
例2 ( )Four students from Burlington College of Higher Education are in the bell tower of the ________ and have made up their minds to ring the bells non?stop for two weeks as a protest against heavy trucks which run day and night through the narrow High Street?“Not really,” she said, “actually we are proper bell?ringers. I mean we are assistant bell?ringers for the church…I left the church with the sound of the bells ringing in my ears.” A.college B.village C.town D.church

模块1 │ 题型探究

【解析】 D 该题答案提示一直到最后(I mean we are assistant bell?ringers for the church) …(I left the church with the sound of the bells ringing in my ears.)才出现, 答案选D。

专题一 │ 记叙文型完形填空

专题一

记叙文型完 形填空

专题 一│ 专题导读
专题导读 记叙文是高考完形填空的主打体裁。其主要特点是 以记叙为主,辅以各种综合表达方法,包括描写、说明、 议论和抒情等。通过对人和事的描写表达作者的思想感 情和中心思想。记叙的要素包括时间、地点、人物、事 件的起因、经过和结果,即我们常说的五个w(who, what,when,where,why…);记叙文的另一特点就是 有一定的叙事线索,如:人物线索(人物的经历、见闻、 感受等)、事件线索(中心事件的来龙去脉)、感情线索 (作者或作品中主要人物的思想感情变化)、时间线索、

专题 一│ 专题导读

地点和空间线索等。作者在叙述过程中往往会融入人物 的语言、行为、心理的描写,这在一定程度上增加了考 生理解文章的难度。这时,考生必须理清上下文的脉络, 对人物的语言、行为、心理等给出合理的想象和推理, 并仔细揣摩作者的用意,从而透彻理解文意,达到对语 境的准确理解,这样才能作出合理的选择。

专题 一 │ 典例导练
典例导练 [2010·山东高考题改编] It was a cool October evening. Excitement and family members filled the hall. I was only a 7?year?old girl, but I was the center of __1__. Finally, after weeks of preparation, I would __2__ all my hard work in a dance of performance. Everything would be __3__—so I thought. I waited backstage all __4__ in my black tights with a golden belt. In a loud and clear voice, the master of ceremonies announced that my class was next. My

专题 一 │ 典例导练
dance class was doing a routine on wooden boxes twofeet by two feet, facing the__5__. All I had to do in the next move was put one foot on the box next to mine and keep my other foot on my box. It really was an__6__ move. I was concentrating so much keeping the huge smile on my face and holding my head up that I did not look __7__ I was going. I missed my partner’s box altogether and__ 8__. There I was standing on the stage floor when my classmates were on top of their boxes. I could hear giggles(咯咯笑) coming from the audience,

专题 一 │ 典例导练
coming from the audience, and I felt the __9__ rush to my face. I remembered my dance teacher had told us, “If you make a mistake, keep smiling so the audience will not __10__.” I did my best to follow her advice as I continued with the routine.When the curtain dropped, so did my __11__ for the evening. I sobbed bitterly, tasting the salt from the tears that streamed down my face. I ran backstage, but no one could __12__ me down. Recently I realized I had been a __13__ that night.

专题 一│ 典例导练
I was __14__, but I fought the urge to run off the stage.__15__, I finished the routine with a smile on my face. Now when friends and family laugh about the time I slipped during a dance performance, I can laugh, too. ( )1.A. pressure C.debate )2.A. take over C.look after )3.A. reasonable C.obvious B.impression D.attention B.show off D.give up B.suitable D.perfect

(
(

专题 一 │ 典例导练

( (

(
(

)4.A. dressed up C.covered up )5.A. music C.curtain )6.A. easy C.adventurous )7.A. why C.where

B.folded up D.mixed up B.audience D.stage B.active D.extra B.whether D .what

专题一 │ 典例导练
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )8.A.wandered B.slipped C.waved D.skipped )9.A.blood B.pleasure C.pride D.tear )10.A.leave B.cheer C.believe D.notice )11.A.doubts B.hopes C.voice D.patience )12.A.turn B.calm C.let D.put )13.A.star B.pioneer C.loser D.fool )14.A. satisfied B.moved C.embarrassed D.confused )15.A. However B.Instead C.In total D.In return

专题一 │ 典例导练
参考答案: 【文章大意】 本文是一篇记叙文,作者描述了自己7 岁时的一次舞蹈表演,尽管做了充分的准备,但还是发生 了意想不到的事情:失足落地。但她按照老师以前所说的: 当你出现失误时,保持微笑,观众就不会注意到。这一招 果然奏效,使她出色地完成了剩下的表演。 1.D 名词辨析。the center of attention 意为 “关注的焦点”。句意为:尽管我只是一个7岁的孩子,却 成了整个晚上关注的焦点。A项意为“压力”;B项意为 “印象”;C项意为“争论,辩论”。

专题一 │ 典例导练
2.B 动词短语辨析。show off 在这里表示“展 示”。句意为: 我将在一个舞蹈表演中展示(这段时间 以来)我所有的辛苦劳动。A项意为“接管”;C项意为 “照顾,照看”;D项意为“放弃”。 3.D 形容词辨析。前面告诉我们,主人公已经作 了充分的准备,所以她认为一切将万无一失,因此用 perfect(完美的)。A项意为“合理的”;B项意为“合 适的,得体的”。 4.A 动词短语dressed up(穿……衣服),与后面 black tights 相呼应。

专题一 │ 典例导练

5.B 名词辨析。站在舞台上面对的自然应该 是台下的观众,所以要用audience(观众)。A项意为 “音乐”;C项意为“幕”;D项意为“舞台”。 6.A an easy move(一个很简单的动作)与下 文“表演失败”形成对比。

专题一 │ 典例导练

7.C 语境化选词。这里指的是自己的脚移动的方 向,所以要用where,句意见上一题。 8.B 动词辨析。这里指的是没有踩到木箱,脚下 一滑,就跌倒了。A项意为“漫游”;C项意为“挥动,舞 动”;D项意为“跳跃”。 9.A 名词辨析。由常识和语境可知,在舞台上出 现了失误,应该是很尴尬,脸涨得通红,所以这里应该选 择blood,意思是:血。句意为:我感到血迅速涌向我的 脸。B项意为“愉快”;C项意为“骄傲”;D项意为“眼 泪”。

专题一 │ 典例导练
10.D 动词辨析。notice 意为“注意到”。句 意为:我记得舞蹈老师曾经告诉我们,如果在舞台上 出现了失误,你要保持微笑,这样观众就不会注意到 (你的失误)。我按照老师的这一建议,完成了我的舞 蹈。A项意为“离开”;B项意为“欢呼”;C项意为 “相信”。 11.B 根据句意“当舞台落幕时,我炫耀表演的 希望(hopes)也破灭了”可知。

专题一 │ 典例导练
12.B 动词辨析。从上文的描述可以看出,作者 的情绪失控了,所以很不冷静,因此这里要表达的意为: 没有人能使我安静下来。calm down意为“使??安静下 来”。turn down 拒绝;set down 意为“放下,记下”; put down意为“放下”。 13.A 语境化选词。“我”当时一直以为自己很 失败,从后面的描述来看,“我”现在感觉到当时没有 直接走下舞台,而是继续表演完成就很成功了。所以四 个选项中只有star(明星)符合语境。B项意为“先驱,先 锋”;C项意为“失败者”; D项意为“傻瓜”。

专题一 │ 典例导练

14.C 语境化选词。这里描述的是当时在舞台上 出现失误后的心情,自然应该是“尴尬的”,所以用 embarrassed。A项意为“满意的”;B项意为“感动 的”;D项意为“困惑的”。 15.B 副词辨析。instead 代替,反而。句意为: 我没有离开舞台,相反,我仍然面带微笑完成了表演。 A 项意为“然而”;C项意为“总共”;D项意为“作为 回报”。

专题一 │ 专题预测
专题预测 (一)

I grew up in San Pedro. My Dad was a fisherman. It was hard to make a living on the sea. He worked hard and would stay out __1__ he caught enough to feed the family. Not just enough for our family, but also for his Mom and Dad. When the weather was bad he would__2__ me to school. He had this old truck that he used in his fishing business. Older than it was, that truck, out of__3__, coughed

专题 一 │ 专题预测
all the way with loud noise and heavy smoke. As he would drive, I would fall down into the seat hoping to__4__. He would pull right up in front, and it seemed like everybody would be standing around and __5__. Then he would lean over to give me a big kiss and tell me to be a good boy. It was so__6__ for me now. Here, I was 12 years old, and he would kiss me goodbye! I remember __7__I decided I was too old for a goodbye kiss. When we got to the school and came to a stop, he had his

专题 一 │ 专题预测
__8__ big smile. He started to lean toward me, but I put my __9__ up and said, “No, Dad.” It was the first time I had ever talked to him that way, and he had this __10__ look on his face. I said, “Dad, I’m too old for a goodbye kiss. I’m too old for any kind of kiss.” My father looked at me for the longest time. When __11__ came into his eyes, “You’re right.” he said, “You’re a big boy… . A man.” Later, Dad went to sea and never came back. It was a day when __12__ of the ships stayed in, but not Dad. He had a big family

专题 一 │ 专题预测
to feed. You don’t know what I would give to have my Dad give me just one more kiss on the cheek … . To touch his rough old face …, to __13__ the ocean on him… to feel his arm around my neck. I __14__I had been a man then. If I had been a man, I would never have told my Dad I was too __15__ for a goodbye kiss.
( ( )1.A.since )2.A.take B.when B.drive C.until C.watch D.before D.rush

专题 一 │ 专题预测
( ( ( ( ( )3.A. preparation C.distance )4.A. repair C.advance )5.A. laughing C.performing )6.A. amazing C.disappointing )7.A. the day C.the order B.control D.condition B.scream D.disappear B.watching D.playing B.surprising D.embarrassing B.the way D.the action

专题 一 │ 专题预测

( ( (

( ( ( ( (

)8.A.usual B.common C.daily D.sweet )9.A.head B.hand C.cheek D.mouth )10.A. excited B.pleased C.terrified D.bored )11.A.lights B.apologies C.tears D.sorry )12.A.all B.most C.some D.none )13.A.notice B.smell C.sense D.feel )14.A.realize B.regret C.wish D.hope )15.A.young B.old C.shy D.late

专题 一 │ 专题预测
参考答案:
(一) 【文章大意】 父亲用他的方式表达着对“我”的爱。 每次送我,都要和我吻别, 12岁的时候,我突然对将要 和我吻别的父亲说自己已经长大了,不需要任何形式的吻 了,父亲伤心得泪水盈眶。然而一次意外,留给我无尽的 后悔和遗憾?? 1.C 考查连词辨析。句意:他工作很努力,每次在 外面捕鱼,他直到捕到足够一家人吃的鱼,他才回来。故 答案为C。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
2.B 考查动词辨析。由下文的that truck,以及 As he would drive可以看出,这是爸爸用车送我去上 学,所以选drive,意为:用车送。句意:当天气不好 的时候,他就用车送我去上学。 3.D 考查名词辨析。由作者对该车的描述: Older than it was;loud noise and heavy smoke可 以看出,这辆车的状况已经很差了,所以选out of condition,意为:状况不好。preparation“准备”; explanation“解释”;distance“距离”。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
4.D 考查动词辨析。从后面的“it seemed like everybody would be standing around”来看,由于这辆 破车很差,噪音大,又冒着浓浓的黑烟,所以怕别人看到 了笑话我,所以我就滑到座位底下,希望自己消失,所以 选disappear。repair“修理”,scream“尖叫”; advance“前进”。 5.B 考查动词辨析。我作为一个小孩子,担心被别 人看到自己坐在一辆破车里,所以要用watch,如果把A项 改为laughing at(嘲笑)也讲得通的。perform“表现”; play“玩”。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
6.D 考查形容词辨析。现在想起来,当时自己的做 法确实令人很尴尬,所以要选择embarrassing,意为: “尴尬的,窘迫的”;amazing“令人惊讶的”; surprising“令人吃惊的”;disappointing“令人失望 的”。 7.A 考查名词辨析。“我”仍然记得我决定对于吻 别来说我已经太大了的那一天(the day)。 8.A 考查形容词辨析。daily 意思是:日常的。 usual“通常的”;common“普通的”;sweet“甜的”。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
9.B 考查名词辨析。我已决定不再让爸爸吻我,所 以当他倾下身来的时候,我举起了手阻止他的嘴,所以选 hand。 10.C 考查形容词辨析。 因为父亲从未想到他对我 这种爱的方式会遭到拒绝,对于突如其来的伸手阻止没有 一点防备和心理准备,有点受惊,所以选terrified,意 为:受惊吓的。excited“兴奋的”;pleased“高兴 的”;bored“无聊的,无趣的”。 11.C 考查名词辨析。很显然,父亲很伤心,从后 面的他转过身去,可以看出,他不想让我看到他眼睛里的 泪水,所以选tears。意为:眼睛了含着泪水。

专题 一 │ 专题预测

12.A 考查代词辨析。因为父亲需要养活一大家 人口,所以在天气不好的情况下,别的船只都呆在家 里,而爸爸却去出海了,由此可以看出,除了爸爸的 船之外,其他的全都在,所以应该选all。 13.B 考查动词辨析。notice“注意到”; smell“闻”;sense“感觉到”;feel“触摸,感 觉”。海洋不可能在父亲的身上,打鱼回来,带来的 只能是海洋的味道,所以选B项。

专题 一 │ 专题预测

14.C 考查动词辨析。这里是对自己以前所做的 蠢事的后悔,因为当时自己并没有长大,所以这里作者 用了两个虚拟语气说:要是我当时已经长大了,我就不 会对父亲说,我已经长大了,用不着吻别了。那之后不 久,父亲出海打鱼,再也没有回来。那样的话,父亲也 不会伤心,我也不会留下遗憾。 15.B 考查语境化选词。见上一题。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
(二) [2010·潍坊质检改编] It’s a small gas station that has snacks, drinks, cigarettes, and candies. The young man behind the counter knows his __1__by name and what they normally want to buy. He treats children and adults with equal __2__. He reads science fiction behind the counter when business is slow. One day, three people rushed in and grabbed food off the shelves as fast as they could ,__3__ not intending to pay for it. He hit the “panic button”

专题 一 │ 专题预测

and then went over the counter and __4__ the front door. It was obvious they were homeless, and equally obvious that they weren’t going __5__ with their ill?gotten gains. They__6__ the food and simply crowded together in panic—knowing the police were on the way. But they were told they didn’t have to steal if they were that__7__. “We have food in the back, expired (到期) but still safe to eat.”

专题 一 │ 专题预测

They were told to __8__ what they had dropped and put it back, then asked to straighten out the mess. They were doing just that __9__ the police arrived. The officers were told the situation was under control and the police were no longer __10__. This wasn’t what they had__ 11__. Soon three cleaner people walked out with all the__12__ their arms could hold. They were __13__ that, if they needed to come back again, they were to ask and not just grab.

专题 一 │ 专题预测
He would be the __14__ person in the world to claim he was a hero. But he gave three people something—a __15__ amount of self?respect and a little bit of hope. ( )1.A. friends B.neighbors C.customers D.passengers ( )2.A. respect B.pride C.wisdom D.privilege ( )3.A. bravely B.reasonably C.hardly D.obviously

专题 一 │ 专题预测
( ( ( ( ( )4.A. opened C.closed )5.A. nowhere C.anywhere )6.A. hid C.swallowed )7.A. anxious C.courageous )8.A. hold up C.pick up B.locked D.broke B.somewhere D.everywhere B.lifted D.dropped B.cautious D.hungry B.hand out D.hand in

专题 一 │ 专题预测
( ( ( ( ( )9.A. when C.before )10.A. popular C.reliable )11.A. wanted C.expected )12.A. money C.drinks )13.A. reminded C.ordered B.after D .since B.necessary D.important B.desired D.admired B.cigarettes D.food B.warned D.persuaded

专题 一 │ 专题预测

( (

)14.A. first C.best )15.A. large C.small

B.last D.worst B.fair D.full

专题 一 │ 专题预测

(二) 【文章大意】 作为一个小加油站兼杂货铺的老板,他 童叟无欺,心地善良,富有同情心,甚至连闯入店里抢劫 东西的人也用那颗包容的心给他们以充分的自尊与希望。 1.C 考查名词辨析。根据语境The young man behind the counter …可知应选customers,意为:顾客。 friend 朋友;neighbor邻居;passenger旅客,乘客。 2.A 考查名词辨析。 respect尊敬,敬意,pride骄 傲,wisdom智慧,privilege特权。根据语境,respect更 符合题意。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
3.D 考查副词辨析。根据语境…grabbed food off the shelves as fast as they could 可知为obviously, 显然地。bravely勇敢地,reasonably合情合理地,hardly 几乎不,都不符合题意。 4.B 考查动词辨析。根据行文逻辑可以看出,有人 来抢劫,肯定要报警并锁好前门阻止抢劫犯逃脱。故选 locked。 5.C 考查副词辨析。根据下文…simply crowded together in panic…可知他们不能逃走,前面有not,故 选anywhere,任何地方。句中如果没有not,就需要用 nowhere。somewhere在某处,everywhere到处,处处。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
6.D 考查动词辨析。下文“…what they had dropped”中有原词复现,故选dropped,意为:扔掉。 hide 躲藏;lift举起,提升;swallow吞咽。 7.D 形容词辨析。根据上文他们抢食物的语境可知 他们无家可归,是因为饥饿才抢食物。故选hungry,饥饿 的。anxious 焦虑的,担忧的;cautious小心的; courageous勇敢的,有勇气的。 8.C 考查动词短语辨析。根据语境为pick up,捡 起他们扔掉的东西。 hold up举起,hand out分发, pick up拾起,捡起,hand in上交。

专题 一 │ 专题预测
9.A 考查连词辨析。根据本句语境可知为when, 当警察来到的时候。 10.B 考查形容词辨析。根据本句语境the situation was under control,情况得到控制,警察 就不必要了,故选necessary,必要的。 11.C 考查动词辨析。expect预料。他们偷了东 西反而受到了这样的待遇,这是他们所没有预料到的。 want 需要,desire渴望,admire敬佩,羡慕。 12.D 考查名词辨析。根据全文内容他们来的目 的就是食物,因此会拿了food“食物”出来。

专题 一 │ 专题预测

13.A 考查动词辨析。 remind提醒,warn警告, order 命令,persuade劝说。“if they needed to come back again, they were to ask and not just grab.”很显然是对他们的提醒,故答案为A。 14.B 根据下一句中but一词可以得知他不会说自 己是个英雄。the last指最后的,即他自己不会说。 15.C 根据下文语境…a little bit of hope可 知为a small amount of,少量的。

专题二 │ 夹叙夹议型完形填空

专题二

夹叙夹议型完 形填空

专题二 │ 专题导读
专题导读 夹叙夹议的文章是高考完形填空中最热点的一类 体裁。所选文章语言地道、寓意深刻、可读性强。此 类完形填空一般有以下三种结构特点:(1)事例——观 点。先叙述作者自己亲历或所见所闻的一件事情,然 后针对这件事情发表自己对生活的看法,或揭示生活 的真理。(2)观点——事例。先提出一种观点或看法, 然后围绕这一观点或看法用具体的事例来说明,一般 是一个事例,有时也会用几个事例从不同的侧面加以 说明。(3)观点——事例——观点。提出一种观点或看

专题二 │ 专题导读

法,然后用事例说明,最后再进一步阐述或总结自己的观 点。解题时,要做到:(1)读好短文首句,琢磨文章内容。 完形填空的首句一般不设空,是完整的一句话,信息就从 这里开始,他暗示或告诉读者下文将会说什么。正确地利 用首句信息对于把握文章的大意是极其重要和有效的;(2) 感受文体风格,领会作者意图。文章的写作风格往往能表 现出作者的思想倾向和情感态度,因此分析作者是否一直 用某种态度叙述某件事情,就能正确把握反映作者思想情 感的关键词。

专题二 │ 典例导练
典例导练

[2010·浙江高考题改编] My mother told us that we would not be__1__ Christmas gifts because there was not enough money. I felt sad saying nothing. Just when I started to __2__ that there would not be a Christmas that year, three women__3__ at our house with gifts for all of us. For me they brought a doll. I suddenly realized that I wasn’t __4__. Somebody had thought enough of me to bring me a gift.

专题二 │ 典例导练
Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my__5__Christmas special and memorable, I instantly remembered the women’s visit. I decided that I wanted to create that same feeling of __6__ for as many children as I could possibly reach. So I __7__ a plan and gathered forty people from my company to help. We gathered about 125 orphans (孤儿) at the Christmas party. For every child, we wrapped colorful packages filled with toys, clothes, and school supplies ,__8__ with a

专题二 │ 典例导练

child’s name. We wanted all of them to know they were__9__ . Before I called out their names and handed them their gifts, I __10__ them that they couldn’t open their presents__11__ every child had come forward. Finally the moment they had been waiting for came as I called out, “One, two, three. Open your presents!” As the children opened their packages, their faces beamed and their bright smiles __12__ up the room. The __13__ in the room

专题二 │ 典例导练
was obvious, and __14__ wasn’t just about toys. It was a feeling—the feeling I knew __15__ that Christmas so long ago when the women came to visit. I wasn’t forgotten. Somebody thought of me. I matter. ( )1. A.sending B.receiving C.making D.exchanging ( )2.A. doubt B.hope C.suggest D.accept

专题二 │ 典例导练

( ( ( ( (

)3.A. broke in C.turned up )4.A. blamed C.forgotten )5.A. present C.recent )6.A. strength C.importance )7.A. kept up with C.came up with

B.settled down D.showed off B.loved D.affected B.first D.previous B.independence D.safety B.caught up with D.put up with

专题二 │ 典例导练

(

(
( (

)8.A. none C.some )9.A. fine C.helpful )10.A. reminded C.convinced )11.A. after C.when

B.few D.each B.special D.normal B.guaranteed D.promised B.until D.since

专题二 │ 典例导练

(
( (

(

)12.A. lit C.burned )13.A. atmosphere C.calmness )14.A. it C.something )15.A. by C.for

B.took D.cheered B.sympathy D.Joy B.such D.everybody B.till D.from

专题二 │ 典例导练

参考答案: 【文章大意】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章,主要讲 述了贫穷孩子因圣诞礼物而引发的特殊情感体验,从而 关注弱势群体,歌颂互相关爱的人性之美。 1.B 考查动词辨析。由上文可知,还是小孩子的 我,在圣诞节来临之际,我应该是收到礼物,故选择B。 2.D 考查动词辨析。联系上下文,推断此处表达 的意思是:我开始接受没有礼物的现实,选择accept, 其他三个选项都不符合文意。

专题二 │ 典例导练
3.C 考查动词短语辨析。四个选项:break in闯 入;settle down安居;turn up出现;show off炫耀。 联系上下文此处表达的意思是:就在这个时候,三位女 士拿着圣诞礼物出现在我们家里,故选择C。 4.C 考查动词辨析。分析四个选项,结合上下文, 可以得知,这件礼物对我是多么重要,所以此处表达我 意识到自己没有被遗忘,故选择C。 5.B 考查形容词辨析。联系上下文,提到new house,肯定选择first,西方人对于圣诞节很重视,是 一家人团圆的日子,所以此时表达重要性,作者想让自 己在新家过的第一个圣诞节有意义。故选择B。

专题二 │ 典例导练

6.C 考查名词辨析。根据第一段中所描述的那次 圣诞节礼物给我的感受和作者此刻的心情可知,她认为 送圣诞节礼物会给得到礼物的孩子们有一种受重视、受 关系的感受。 7.C 考查动词短语辨析。从上一段的内容可以推 断,是我想出了(came up with)一个从公司召集40个人 来帮忙的计划。 8.D 考查代词辨析。根据作者的想法,应该是每 个人都有自己的圣诞节礼物,所以选择每个人(each)。

专题二 │ 典例导练
9.B 考查形容词辨析。每个人都有属于自己的礼物, 而且不是彼此相同的,所以作者的意思是给孩子们启示: 每个人都是独一无二的。 10.A 考查动词辨析。从下文的“One, two, three. Open your presents!”可知,此时在分发礼物时,我提 醒(remind)大家要等到每个人都走到前面之后才能打开礼 物。 11.B 考查连词辨析。句意见上题, until意为: 直到??才。 12.A 考查动词辨析。分析四个选项的意思,根据

专题二 │ 典例导练

文章的上下文:他们灿烂的笑容照亮了整个房间,所以选 择light的过去式lit。 13.D 考查名词辨析。联系上下文,分析四个选项 的意思,此处是表达欢乐,故选择D。 14.A 考查代词辨析。联系上下文,得知:欢乐不 仅仅是因为玩具。所以选择it,指代欢乐。 15.D 考查介词辨析。联系上下文,此处表示:我 又一次体验到了从很久以前的那次圣诞节上获得的感受。 故选择D。

专题二 │ 专题预测
专题预测 (一) I got a job working at a local coffee shop. I thought the job would be easy and stress?free. I__1__ myself pouring the best coffees, making delicious doughnuts(炸酱面), and becoming friends with regular customers. I wasn’t expecting the people with enormous orders, the women who__2__ that the coffee was much too creamy (含乳脂的), or the men who wanted their iced coffees remade again and again until

专题二 │ 专题预测
__3__ reached perfection. I couldn’t seem to please anyone. One rainy day, one of my __4__ customers came in looking upset. He said he felt like being head?heavy. I knew exactly how he __5__. Before he left, I handed him a bag along with his iced coffee. He was __6__, since he hasn’t ordered anything but coffee. I had given him his favorite type of doughnut. “It’s on me,” I told him. “Have a nice day.” He smiled and __ 7__ me before heading back out into the rain.

专题二 │ 专题预测
The next day, it was still raining. I spent my afternoon hanging out the window handing people their orders. I was completely__8__ and freezing cold. Every time I looked into our empty tip jar, I grew more __9__. In the evening, the former customer showed up and handed me a pink rose and a __10__. He said that not many people took time to __11__ others and he was glad there were still people like me in the world. With a friendly wave, he drove away leaving a note which read:

专题二 │ 专题预测

“Thanks for being so sweet, kind and thoughtful yesterday. It is so nice to __12__ someone who’s genuinely (真诚地) nice. Please don’t change our ways! Have a great day!—Hank” __13__ that, whenever I felt depressed or sick of coffee, I __14__ Hank and his kindness. Then I would smile, hold my head up high, __15__ my throat and ask politely, “How can I help you?”

专题二 │ 专题预测

( ( ( ( (

)1.A. pictured C.saw )2.A. provided C.suggested )3.A. the women C.they )4.A. favorite C.regular )5.A. got C.grew

B.taught D.felt B.complained D.showed B.it D.the men B.familiar D.strange B.became D.felt

专题二 │ 专题预测
(
( (

(
(

)6.A. surprised C.satisfied )7.A. helped C.asked )8.A. tired C.wet )9.A. amazed C.anxious )10.A. paper C.note

B.happy D.sad B.thanked D .found B.worried D.disappointed B.glad D.depressed B.book D .pen

专题二 │ 专题预测

( ( ( ( (

)11.A. help with C.look out )12.A. need C.learn from )13.A. Before C.Beside )14.A. thought of C.approved of )15.A. make C.clear

B.take care D.care about B.meet D.describe B.After D.Behind B.reminded of D.informed of B.cure D.touch

专题二 │ 专题预测
参考答案: (一) 【文章大意】 一个不经意的善举,一颗知恩感恩的 心,就会让温馨和真情如火花般蔓延,温暖世界的每个角 落。 1.A 考查动词辨析。后面是作者对自己将要做的工 作的美好想象。所以选picture,在这里是动词,意思为 “想象,描绘”。 2.B 语境化选词。从下文的“or the men who wanted their iced coffees remade again and again.” 可推知女顾客们也不是很满意,应该是在抱怨。

专题二 │ 专题预测
3.C 语境化选词。they这里指的是上文的“their iced coffees”。 4.C 语境化选词。从第一段最后的becoming friends with regular customers 可看出答案。 5.D 考查动词辨析。此处指作者很了解这个顾客的 感受。 6.A 语境化选词。 7.B 语境化选词。从上文的I had given him his favorite type of doughnut. “It’s on me,” I told him. “Have a nice day.” He smiled …看,顾客 是感谢作者的,故用thank。

专题二 │ 专题预测
8.C 语境化选词。既然是下雨天,作者在忙:“I spent my afternoon hanging out the window handing people their orders”,所以全身湿透,故选C项。 9.D 考查形容词辨析。由于没有得到小费,作者的 心情是沮丧的。depressed“沮丧的”; amazed“吃惊 的”; anxious“着急的”。 10.C 语境化选词。 11.D 考查动词短语辨析。help with“帮助”; take care“当心”;look out“当心”; care about“关心”。从上下文看,应该是“关心”,故选D项。

专题二 │ 专题预测
12.B 考查动词辨析。meet“遇见”符合题意。句 意为:遇见一个和蔼真诚的人实在太好了。 13.B 语境化选词。本句的意思是:从这以后,每 当我心情不好的时候,我就想起了“Hank and his kindness”。 14.A 考查动词短语辨析。think of“想起”; remind of“提醒”;approve of“赞成”;inform of“通知”。 15.C 考查固定搭配。clear my throat清清嗓子。 句意:于是,我会微笑着,昂起头,清一清嗓子,礼貌地 问:“您想要点什么?”

专题二 │ 专题预测
(二) One Sunday afternoon, I was __1__ with friends about animals. I said the whale was like a mammal animal. They disagreed. Finally, I called a __2__over to help settle the matter. I knew I was right, so I was looking forward to the teacher__3__I was right. My friends were eager for an opposite answer. “No, the whale is a fish,” she said without a moment’s__4__. You could have knocked me over with a feather. My__5__was hurt because I lost the argument, but that wasn’t the main reason

专题二 │ 专题预测
I was too__6__ to speak. I still knew I was right, which meant the teacher was wrong. Not only was she wrong,__7__she was completely ignorant about something I thought was __8__knowledge. But she was a teacher who had taught a long time. Everyone __9__her and no one else thought she could be wrong. __10__ that, I hadn’t known grown?ups could be wrong. This __11__ shaped the way I viewed people as I grew up.__12__ I found anyone treated another person with too much respect and admiration,

专题二 │ 专题预测
I thought—and still think—“ __13__silly.” From that point on, I had no__14__for authority. To earn my respect, you have to be smart or__15__. I’ll never respect you just because you happen to be in charge or have a degree. ( )1.A. meeting B.working C.arguing D.staying ( )2.A. professor B.biologist C.librarian D.teacher ( )3.A. proving B.finding C.promising D.hoping

专题二 │ 专题预测
(
( (

( ( (

)4.A. doubt C.regret )5.A. heart C.pride )6.A. foolish C.serious )7.A. and B.but )8.A. special C.regular )10.A. Before B.After

B.silence D.hesitation B.mind D .feeling B.anxious D.astonished C.for D.or B.normal D.common C.Until D.Since

专题二 │ 专题预测
( ( )11.A. fairly C.nearly )12.A. Whenever C.While )13.A. I’m C.he’s )14.A. idea C.choice )15.A. energetic C.talented B.properly D .greatly B.Although D.Whether B.that’s D.you’re B.respect D .question B.patient D.diligent

(
( (

专题二 │ 专题预测
(二) 【文章大意】 作者在与朋友的一次争辩中,由于老 师的无知作者的自豪感荡然无存。从此以后,作者不再盲 目相信权威,而是佩服真正拥有聪明才智的人。 1.C 根据后两句的内容可知作者当时在和朋友“争 论”。此外,第三段第二句中的argument也是线索提示。 2.D 根据下一句后半句中的内容可知,作者请“老 师”来解决这个问题。 3.A 作者对自己的观点非常自信,所以希望老师能 够“证明” (prove)自己是正确的。

专题二 │ 专题预测
4.D 下文叙述的是老师的无知,由此可以推断她毫 不“犹豫”地回答说鲸鱼不是哺乳动物,而是鱼。 without hesiation毫不犹豫。 5.C 由前文可知作者很确定鲸鱼是哺乳动物,在与 朋友的争辩中显然为自己知道事实真相而感到“自豪”, 但是老师的无知让作者的自豪感受到了伤害。 6.D 作者明明知道自己的观点正确,而老师竟然毫 不犹豫地否定,作者自然感到非常“吃惊”,一时无话可 说。 7.B 此句是“not only…but also…”结构,表 示“不但??而且??”,but后面省略了also。

专题二 │ 专题预测
8.D common knowledge表示“常识”,此处common 表示“普通的,平常的”。她不但错了,而且她对作者认 为是常识的东西完全不知晓。前三项分别表示“特殊的”、 “正常的”、“规律的”,都不符合所给语境。 9.C 上一句中提到她的教龄很长,再结合本句后半 句的内容可知每个人都“相信”她的话。A项表示“取 悦”,B项表示“钦佩,羡慕”,D项表示“喜爱”,均不 符合语意。 10.A 在此“之前”,作者一直不知道成年人也犯 错。而C项构成“not…until…”结构,主语的谓语动词 一般是短暂性动词,所以用在此处不合适。B、D两项均不 符合语意。故选A项。

专题二 │ 专题预测

11.D 上述事件在作者的成长过程中“极大地”影 响了他对别人的看法。A项表示“相当地”时,通常用来 修饰形容词或副词,B项表示“适当地”,C项表示“几 乎”,均不符合语意。 12.A 此处所要表达的意思是“每当”作者发现有 人对另外一个人过于尊敬或崇拜的时候??所以用 whenever“无论何时”。虽然C项也可以表示“当??时 候”,但是谓语动词应该是延续性动词,所以不可选。B、 D两项都不符合语意。

专题二 │ 专题预测

13.B 此处that承接上文,指代本句前半句的内容, 即有人过于尊敬或崇拜另一个人的做法。 14.B 上一句中提到作者厌恶人们过于尊敬或崇拜 他人,由此可知作者不再“尊重”所谓的权威。此外,下 一句中to earn my respect 也是线索提示。 15.C “鲸鱼”事件后,作者改变了以往的做法, 开始看重聪明“才智”,而不是地位或者学位的高低。 talented“有才能的”;energetic“精力充沛的”; patient“有耐心的”;diligent“刻苦的”。

专题三│ 议论文型完形填空

专题三

议论文型完 形填空

专题三 │ 专题导读
专题导读 议论文是高考完形填空中较难的一种文体,一般 由三个要素组成:论点、论据、结论。要做好议论文 类的完形填空最重要的是抓住作者的论点。不同的议 论文论点的提出方式往往不同,大体有以下三种情况: (1)开门见山地提出论点。有些议论文在文章的一开始 就提出论点。然后再通过具体的论据去说明论点,论 据有时候既有正面的论据,也有反面的论据,最后总 结全文。(2)导入式提出论点。有些议论文会先通过叙 述生活中的一件具体的事情或描述生活中的现象,

专题三 │ 专题导读

然后根据事情或现象所反映的问题提出自己的论点,再 用具体的论据去说明自己的论点。(3)最后提出论点。 有些议论文一开始作者仅仅是列举生活中的现象,而不 表明自己的观点,而是通过对具体现象的分析,自然得 出一种结论,这种结论往往就是作者的论点。对于纯议 论形式的完形填空,要在掌握全文主旨的情况下,抓好 每段的首句。抓住了每段的主旨句也就是把握了文章的 脉络,理解文意就容易了。

专题三 │ 典例导练
典例导练 [2009·福建高考题改编] Children find meanings in their old family tales. Stephen Guyer told his three children stories about how his grandfather, a banker, __1__ all in the 1930s, but did not lose sight of what he valued most. In one of the darkest times when he was nearly__2__, he loaded his family into the car and __3__ them to see family members in Canada with a __4__,“there are more important things in life than money.”

专题三 │ 典例导练

The tale took on a new meaning recently when Mr. Guyer downsized to a __5__ house from a more expensive and comfortable one. He was worried that his children would be upset. To his surprise, their reaction echoed( 共鸣) their great?grandfather’s. What they __ 6__ was how warm the people were in the house.

专题三 │ 典例导练

Many parents are finding family stories have surprising power to help children __7__ hard times. Storytelling experts say the phenomenon reflects a growing __8__ in telling tales. A university __9__ of 65 families with children found kids’ ability to __10__ parents’ stories was linked to a lower rate of anger and anxiety.

专题三 │ 典例导练

The __11__ is telling the stories in a way children can __12__. We’re not talking here about the kind of story that __13__, “When I was a kid…” Instead, we should choose a story suited to the child’s __ 14__, and make eye contact to create “a personal experience.” We don’t have to tell children__ 15__ they should take from the story and what the moral is.

专题三 │ 典例导练

( ( ( ( (

)1.A. missed C.forgot )2.A. friendless C.penniless )3.A. fetched C.expected )4.A. hope C.suggestion )5.A. large C.new

B.lost D.ignored B.worthless D.homeless B.allowed D.took B.promise D.belief B.small D.grand

专题三 │ 典例导练

( (

(
( (

)6.A. talked about C.wrote about )7.A. beyond C.behind )8.A. argument C.interest )9.A. study C.committee )10.A. provide C.support

B.cared about D.heard about B.over D.through B.skill D.anxiety B.design D.staff B.retell D.refuse

专题三 │ 典例导练

( ( ( ( (

)11.A. trouble C.fact )12.A. perform C.hear )13.A. means C.begins )14.A. needs C.judgments )15.A. that C.which

B.gift D.trick B.write D.question B.ends D.proves B.activities D.habits B.what D.whom

专题三 │ 典例导练
参考答案: 【文章大意】 文章通过Stephen Guyer给他的三个孩 子讲述他们祖父艰苦创业的故事而未引起孩子们的共鸣的 例子说明了一个观点:给孩子们讲故事时,要注意满足孩 子们的需要,还要注意眼神的交流,采用孩子们易于接受 的形式,而不要说教。 1.B 动词辨析。根据后一分句中的动词lose可知此 处选B。 2.C 形容词辨析。penniless“身无分文的”。根据 前文的the darkest times,以及下文对当时情况的描述 “there are more important things in life than

专题三 │ 典例导练
money.”可知此处选C。如果不注意分析下文的语境, 就会误以为我们一家已经无家可归而不得不乘车去找 家里的其他人而误选homeless(无家可归的)。 friendless “没有友谊的,无依无靠的”; worthless “没有价值的”。 3.D 动词辨析。take sb. to do sth. 带某人 去干某事。由本句中的he loaded his family into the car可以推断出,外祖父怀着这样的信念:人生中 还有比金钱更重要的东西这一信念,让我们上车,带 我们去加拿大看那里的其他的家庭成员。 fetch去取; allow允许;expect预料,期待。

专题三 │ 典例导练
4.D 名词辨析。由语境可知,当时他们已经身无分 文了,所以可以推断出所填词意思是:信念(belief)。也 就是下文所说的“there are more important things in life than money”,所以选“belief(信念)”,hope希望; promise诺言;suggestion建议。 5.B 语境化选词。根据downsize可知此处选B。句意: Mr. Guyer从一个更贵、更舒适的大房子搬到一个小房子里。 6.B 动词短语辨析。 talk about谈论,讨论;care about注意,关心;对??感兴趣;write about写关 于??的事;hear about听说。由句意可知此处选B。

专题三 │ 典例导练
7.D 介词辨析。句意:很多父母们发现家庭的故事 在帮助孩子们度过(through)难关方面有着惊人的力量。 所填介词与hard times构成搭配,意思是:度过艰难时期, 选D。 8.C 名词辨析。 前文提到讲述家人以前的故事的积 极作用,所以这里的意思是:故事专家们说这种现象反映 了人们对讲述家庭故事有着越来越浓的兴趣 (interest),??,故选C。argument 辩论; skill技巧; anxiety焦虑。

专题三 │ 典例导练

9.A 名词辨析。study,意思是“研究”。下文 介绍的是研究的结果,所以这里的意思是:一项大学对 于65个有孩子的家庭的研究发现,能复述父辈故事的孩 子们易怒和焦虑的概率相对较低。design 设计; committee 委员会;staff全体员工。 10.B 动词辨析。retell复述。句意见上一题。 provide 提供; support支持;refuse拒绝。

专题三 │ 典例导练

11.D 名词辨析。由句子意思可知所填词意思是: 技巧,计谋(trick)。 12.C 动词辨析。句子意思是:讲这种故事的技 巧是用一种孩子们能听的方式来讲。故选C。 13.C 语境化选词。由后文的直接引语可知这是 故事的开头,故此处选C。

专题三 │ 典例导练
14.A 考查固定搭配。由本句的谓语动词suit 可以推断出此处选A,suit one’s needs意思是:满 足某人的需要。句意为:我们讲这些故事应该满足孩 子们的需要,并且注意目光接触,也没有必要告诉他 们应该从故事中学到什么,(这样才会有效果)。 15.B 名词性从句引导词的判断。空后的 “they should take from the story and what the moral is”是一个陈述性质的宾语从句,既引导宾语 从句,又作谓语动词take的宾语,所以要用what。句 意见上一题。

专题三 │ 专题预测
专题预测 When Charles Darwin was getting ready to set sail on his five?year expedition on the Beagle, his father was extremely __1__. He thought his son was falling into a life of sin and idleness. George Washington’s mother was a complaining,__2__ woman by all accounts. She thought little of Washington’s achievements and didn’t __3__ at either of his presidential inaugurations(就职典礼). She was always

专题三 │ 专题预测

complaining that her __4__ overlooked her and she __5__ believed it was his duty to stay home and to take care of her. Leonard Bernstein, one of the most talented composers, was continually pressured by his father to give up his __6__ and do something worthwhile. After Leonard became famous, his father said, “Well, he was just the Leonard Bernstein !”

专题三 │ 专题预测

People may criticize you or make fun of your ideas or actively try to __7__you. Often their efforts are only attempts to protect you from __8__. But obviously failure is only a possibility if you stop. If you keep __9__ , a “failure” is just another learning __10__. Besides, giving up on a heartfelt goal is worse than failing.

专题三 │ 专题预测

So listen __11__ to the worries and criticisms of your friends and family, and do your best to put their __12__ at ease, but then carry on. Listen last to your own heart. You __13__ yourself better than anyone on earth. Make sure your song is__14__. Listen to your own heart. Don’t let your music __15__ with you.

专题三 │ 专题预测

( ( ( ( (

)1.A. excited C.disappointed )2.A. self?centered C.kind?hearted )3.A. show off C.help out )4.A. parents C.students )5.A. foolishly C.bravely

B.pleased D.scared B.self?confident D.cold?blooded B.show up D.pick up B.neighbors D.children B.secretly D.honestly

专题三 │ 专题预测

( ( ( ( (

)6.A. strength C.wealth )7.A. advise C.stop )8.A. success C.target )9.A. stopping C.going )10.A. method C.schedule

B.music D.faith B.suggest D.keep B.failure D.laziness B.starting D.coming B.experiment D.experience

专题三 │ 专题预测

( ( ( ( (

)11.A. politely C.shallowly )12.A. homes C.conservation )13.A. trust C.know )14.A. finished C.written )15.A. live C.sound

B.rudely D.roughly B.minds D.efforts B.believe D.doubt B.completed D.sung B.die D.play

专题三 │ 专题预测
参考答案: 【文章大意】 文章通过华盛顿、达尔文等名人小 时都曾被家人不遗余力试图阻止从事自己喜欢的事业, 但他们依然坚持下来,最终达到了自己事业的顶峰的 故事,告诉我们:我们也不能一味听从他人,而忽视 自己内心的想法。因为你比世界上任何人都了解自己。 1.C 考查形容词辨析。由下文的“he thought his son was falling into a life of sin and idleness.”可知父亲对他非常失望。所以选 disappointed,意为:失望的。

专题三 │ 专题预测
2.A 考查形容词辨析。该词应该和上面的 “complaining(抱怨的,诉苦的)”同属于贬义词,因 此应该排除B和C。从后面thought little of Washington’s achievements,以及该段的最后一句 话可以看出,华盛顿的妈妈一直在左右别人,也就是 说她是一个自我为中心的(self?centered)人。 3.B 考查动词辨析。show up现身,出现。句意 为:她瞧不起华盛顿的成就,也没有出席他儿子的两 次总统就职大典。show off炫耀; help out帮助摆 脱困境;pick up捡起,偶然获得,(用车)接某人。

专题三 │ 专题预测
4.D 考查名词辨析。由语境可知,这里讲的是 她和孩子们的关系,所以应该选children,下文的son 也有提示。 5.D 考查副词辨析。她是根据老人传统的观点 产生的想法,所以应该选honestly,意为:诚实地, 如实地。句意:她坦诚地认为,待在家里照顾她才是 他的职责所在。foolishly愚笨地,无聊地; secretly 秘密地;bravely勇敢地。 6.B 考查名词辨析。由前文的composers(作曲 家)可以看出, 他所热爱的是音乐(music)。

专题三 │ 专题预测

7.C 考查动词辨析。该部分是对前面所举例子 的议论。前面所举的几个例子都是父/母试图阻止孩子 们做自己喜欢的事情,因此该空选stop,意为:阻止。 8.B 语境化选词。失败failure。后两都有原词 复现。

专题三 │ 专题预测
9.C 考查动词辨析。很显然,这里表达的意思 是:不受外界阻力的干扰,自己做自己喜欢做的事情, 也就是自己的梦想,所以选go,意为:进行。此段意 为:人们可能会批评你,嘲笑你的想法或者不遗余力 试图阻止你。通常他们这样做只是想让你免受失败之 苦。但只有当你停下来时你才可能失败,如果你继续 前行,“失败”则只是又一次学习经历。而且,放弃 自己内心深处的渴望要比失败更糟糕。 10.D 考查名词辨析。experience 经历。句意 见上一题。method 方法;experiment实验; schedule时间表,计划表。

专题三 │ 专题预测

11.A 考查副词辨析。politely 有礼貌地,客 气地。上文告诉我们,家人和朋友阻止我们是担心我 们失败,因此,我们既要为了自己的梦想而拼搏,又 得让他们放心,所以应该有礼貌地倾听他们的担心和 批评。 12.B 考查名词辨析。put one’s minds at ease 意为:使某人不担心,使某人放松。句意:所以 要礼貌地倾听来自家人和朋友的顾虑及批评,竭尽全 力让他们不为你担心,但自己一定要继续前行。

专题三 │ 专题预测

13.C 考查动词辨析。know知道,了解。句意: 最终还是要听从自己内心的想法,因为你比世界上任 何人都了解自己。 14.D 考查动词辨析。句意:要确保唱完你心中 的歌。所以选D项。 15.B 考查动词辨析。句意:倾听自己内心的想 法,不要让心灵深处的音乐做了陪葬。

专题四│ 说明文型完形填空

专题四

说明文型完 形填空

专题四│ 专题导读
专题导读 说明文往往围绕一个问题从不同的侧面来加以说明, 通常结构严谨,句子结构复杂,因此也是高考完形填空 中较难理解的一种文体。说明文一般有三类:一是实体 事物说明文。包括说明书、广告、解说词、人物介绍、 知识小品、知识注解等(实体事物是指国家、城市、人物、 山水、树木、花草、虫鱼、鸟兽、建筑、文化古迹、科 技成果及各种工农业产品);二是事理说明文。包括理论 性解释、文书简介、教材等(事理是指观点、立场、名词 概念、学术流派等);三是文艺性说明文。即把说明

专题四 │ 专题导读
对象拟人化,进而编成故事,对其进行介绍。说明文的 具体特点为:(1)开头点题。做说明文完形填空时,要 明确说明的对象是什么,是具体实物还是理论性概念。 因此,明确说明的对象是掌握说明细节的前提。在近年 的说明文型完形填空中,作者一般在文章的首句直接提 出说明的对象。(2)结构清晰。把握语篇特征对理解文 意与答题极为有利。说明文的写作一般按时间顺序(指 先后顺序),空间顺序(从局部到整体,从上到下、从内 到外),逻辑顺序(前因后果,先果后因,先主后次);

专题四 │ 专题导读

认识顺序(由此及彼,由浅入深,由具体到抽象,由 现象到本质)。说明文型完形填空短文层次清晰,整体 性强,所以,递进性词汇和名词的设题往往出现得较 多。说明文往往较直白,写作脉络清晰,又没有很多 感情因素的掺入,所以就不会有过多的情感词汇,自 然不会有钻不出的“迷宫”。据此特点,我们便可以 跟着“作者”走,理清整篇文章的思路,从而顺利答 题。

专题四 │ 典例导练
典例导练 [2010·上海] Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The first attempt of even the most talented artists, musicians, and writers is seldom a masterpiece.If you consider your drafts as dress rehearsals(彩排), or try?outs, revising

专题四│ 典例导练
will seem a natural part of the writing__1__. What is the purpose of the dress rehearsals and the out?of?town previews that many Broadway shows go through? The answer is adding, deleting, replacing, reordering,—__2__revising. Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process.When Lloyd Webber began writing in 1984, he had in mind a funny, exciting production. However, when Phantom opened in London in 1986, the audience saw a moving psychological love story set to music.

专题四 │ 典例导练

The musical had__3__several revisions due, in part, to problems with costume and makeup ( 戏服 和化妆). For instance, Lloyd Webber__4__some of the music because the Phantom’s makeup prevented the actor from singing certain sounds. When you revise, you change aspects of your work in__5__to your evolving purpose, or to include__6__ ideas or newly discovered information.

专题四 │ 典例导练
Revision is not just an afterthought that gets only as much time as you have at the end of an assignment.__7__, it is a major stage of the writing process, and writers revise every step of the way. Even your decision to__8__topics while prewriting is a type of revising. However,don’t make the mistake of skipping the revision stage that follows__9__. Always make time to become your own__10__and view your dress rehearsal, so to speak. Reviewing your work in this way can give you __11__ new ideas.

专题四 │ 典例导练

Revising involves__12__the effectiveness and appropriateness of all aspects of your writing, making your purpose more clearly, and refocusing or developing the facts and ideas you present. When you revise, ask yourself the following questions, keeping in mind the audience for whom you are writing: Is my main idea or purpose__13__throughout my draft? Do I ever lose sight of my purpose? Have I given my

专题四 │ 典例导练
readers all of the__14__—that is, facts, opinions,inferences—that they need in order to understand my main idea? Finally, have I included too many__15__details that may confuse readers? ( )1.A. technique B. style C. process D. career ( )2.A. in particular B. as a result C. for example D. in other words

专题四 │ 典例导练
( ( ( ( ( )3.A. C. )4.A. C. )5.A. C. )6.A. C. )7.A. C. undergone rejected rewrote recorded addition opposition fixed familiar However Instead B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. skipped replaced released reserved response contrast ambitious fresh Moreover Therefore

专题四 │ 典例导练

(

(
( (

)8.A. discuss C. exhaust )9.A. drafting C. performing )10.A. director C. audience )11.A. personal C. basic

B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D.

switch cover rearranging training master visitor valuable delicate

专题四 │ 典例导练

(

(
( (

)12.A. mixing C.maintaining )13.A. amazing C.unique )14.A. angles C.information )15.A. unnecessary C.concrete

B. weakening D.assessing B. bright D.clear B.evidence D.hints B.uninteresting D.final

专题四 │ 典例导练

参考答案: 1. C 本题考查名词辨析。参照下文的Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process.和However,don’t make the mistake of skipping the revision stage …可 知答案。名词technique(技术)、style(风格)、 career(事业、生涯)都不符合题意。

专题四 │ 典例导练

2. D 本题考查介词短语辨析。前面adding, deleting, replacing, reordering是revising的几个 方面,所以revising和这些名词同义。介词短语in other words表示“换句话说”。介词短语in particular(尤其、特别,表强调),as a result(因此, 表结果);for example(例如,表举例说明)都不符合题 意。

专题四 │ 典例导练
3. A 本题考查动词辨析。动词skip(跳远)、 reject(拒绝、抵制)、replace(取代)都不符合题意。 人们观看的是完美的表演,但表演之前作品经历了 (undergo)多次修改,与上段的“Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process.”对应。 4. A 本题考查动词辨析。动词release(释放、 发行)、record(记录、录音)、reserve(保留、预订) 都不符合题意。动词rewrite表示“重写、修改”,和 动词revise同义,和本篇话题相关。

专题四 │ 典例导练
5. B 本题考查介词短语辨析。介词短语in addition to表示“而且、除??之外还有”,in opposition to表示“与??的意见相反”,in contrast to表示“与??形成对比”,都与本题不符。 in response to(作为对??的反应),在本句表示 “你修改作品是对你想改进作品这一目的的一种回 应”。 6. D 本题考查形容词辨析。fresh ideas 与后 面的newly discovered information 对应。

专题四 │ 典例导练

7. B 本题考查副词辨析。副词moreover(而且) 类似于but also,表递进含义,与前句中的not just(only)呼应。副词however(然而,表转折关系)、 instead(替代、反而,表相反含义)、therefore(因此, 表原因)都不符合题意。 8. B 本题考查动词辨析。switch topics(变换 标题)属于修改作品这一工作的一部分。动词 discuss(讨论)、exhaust(使筋疲力尽)、cover(覆盖、 包含)都不符合题意。

专题四 │ 典例导练

9. D 本题考查动名词辨析。drafting(起草)、 rearranging(重新安排)、performing(表演)都与题意 不符。名词training(培训)在本句表示“排练”,与 上文dress rehearsals/try?outs同义。 10. C 本题考查名词辨析。名词audience(观众) 与下句view your dress rehearsal 对应。名词 director(导演)、master(主人)、visitor(来访者)都 与题意不符。

专题四 │ 典例导练

11. B 本题考查形容词辨析。形容词valuable表 示“做自己作品的观众能给你有价值的新信息”。形 容词personal(个人的)、basic(基本的)、 delicate(娇贵的、纤弱的、精美的)都与题意不符。 12. A 本题考查动词辨析。动词mix在本句表示 “(修改就是把作品所有方面的有效性和适当性)融合 在一起”。

专题四 │ 典例导练

13. D 本题考查形容词辨析。形容词clear在本 句表示“(我的文章大意或写作意图是否)清晰”,与 下文confuse readers对应。形容词amazing(令人惊讶 的)、bright(明亮的、聪明的)、unique(独特的)都与 题意不符。 14. C 本题考查名词辨析。后句名词facts、 opinions、inferences都属于information,与倒数第 三段中的newly discovered information 对应。

专题四 │ 典例导练

15. A 本题考查形容词辨析。unnecessary details表示“多余的信息”,多余的信息,反而 使读者困惑,误导读者。形容词uninteresting(没 兴趣的)、concrete(具体的)、final(最终的、决 定性的)都与题意不符。

专题四 │ 专题预测
专题预测 (一) Most people give little thought to the pens they write with. All too often, people buy a pen based on __1__ and wonder why they are not satisfied once they begin to use it.However, buying a pen that you’ll enjoy is not __ 2__ if you keep the following in mind. First of all,a pen should fit comfortably in your hand and be __3__ to use.The thickness of the pen is the most important

专题四 │ 专题预测
characteristic(特点). If you have __4__ hand and thicker fingers ,you may __5__ a fatter pen.The length of a pen can also influence comfort.A pen that is too __6__ can easily feel top?heavy and unstable. Then,the writing point of the pen should __7__ the ink to flow evenly( 均匀地) while the pen remains in touch with the paper. This will make it possible for you to creat a __8__ line of writing.The point should also be sensitive

专题四 │ 专题预测
enough to __9__ ink from running when the pen is lifted.A point that does not block the __10__ may leave drops of inks, __11__ you pick up and put it down again. __12__, the pen should make a thick, dark line.Fine?line pens may __13__ bad handwriting, but fine, delicate lines do not command __14__ next to printed text, as,__15__, a signature on a printed letter. A broader line, on the other hand, gives an impression of confidence and authority(权威).

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( ( ( ( )1.A. looks C.value )2.A. convenient C.strange )3.A. heavy C.hard )4.A. stronger C.smaller )5.A. prefer C.prepare B.reason D.advantages B.practical D.difficult B.easy D.safe B.weaker D.larger B.recommend D.demand

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( )6.A. thick C.long )7.A. change C.reduce )8.A. thin C.black )9.A. prevent C.protect )10.A. way C.flow B.light D .soft B.allow D.press B.rough D.smooth B. free D.remove B.sight D.steam

(
( (

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( )11.A. so C.and )12.A. Meanwhile C.Afterwards )13.A. show up C.break down )14.A. attention C.respect )15.A. at most C.in brief B.as D .yet B.Generally D.Finally B.differ from D.make up for B.support D.admission B.for example D.on purpose

(
( (

专题四 │ 专题预测
参考答案: (一) 【文章大意】 本文是一篇说明文。作者向我们介 绍了什么形状的钢笔让我们使用起来感到舒服,笔尖的 好坏对我们书写的影响以及线条的粗细和深浅所产生的 影响。 1.A 人们买钢笔时经常仅仅根据外表。looks外 表、外貌。 2.D 然而如果你遵循下面的方法的话,买一只你 喜欢的钢笔并不难。由转折词However可知此处使用 difficult符合句意。

专题四 │ 专题预测
3.B 首先,钢笔应该拿在手中比较舒服、使用起 来也比较容易。由fit comfortably可知此处指钢笔好 用。 4.D 如果你有一只大手并且手指较粗的话,你可 能更喜欢一只笔杆较粗的钢笔。由thick fingers可知 此处应该为langer hand。故选D。 5.A 由前后句意可知此处应该用prefer(更喜欢)。 6.C 太长的钢笔会使人感到顶端太重以及不稳定。 由前后句意可知此处强调太长的钢笔的弊端。

专题四 │ 专题预测

7.B 笔尖应该能够使墨水均匀地流出, allow sb./sth.to do sth.准许某人/物做某事。 8.D 由上句笔尖能够使墨水均匀流出可知 此处指:使写出流畅的字体成为可能。smooth流 畅的、光滑的。 9.A 笔尖也应该是灵敏的,以致当钢笔被 举起时能够阻止墨水流出,prevent…from…阻 止??做??

专题四 │ 专题预测

10.C 不能阻止墨水流出的笔尖可能会留下一滴 滴的墨水。block阻塞,堵塞。此题易误选A,block the way堵塞道路,不符合句意要求。 11.A 因此你拿起了钢笔又不得不把它放下。so 因此,强调笔尖不好使因而自己不能继续使用。 12.D 由第二段句首的First of all和第三段句 首的Then以及最后一段的内容可知此处应该用Finally, 表示此段介绍钢笔的最后一个特点。

专题四 │ 专题预测

13.D 此处句意为:细线条的钢笔可以弥补 蹩脚的书写。make up for弥补(不是)。 14.A 但是紧挨着印刷材料的细的、柔软的 书写不会博得人们的注意。 15.B 例如,印刷信件上的签名。for example例如。at most最多;in brief简而言之; on purpose故意。

专题四 │ 专题预测
(二) American children and teenagers have increased their use of entertainment media.On a(n)__1__ day they now spend seven and a half hours using media. These are the findings of a new survey.It included __2__ like TVs,computers,mobile phones and MP3 players, but also media like books and __3__.It did not count media use for school.

专题四 │ 专题预测
Vicky Rideout, a reporter, was surprised that kids could __4__ even more media time into their day.She found that they spent ten hours and forty?five minutes if you __ 5__ each device individually.But children multi?task a lot,and Vicky Rideout says this is not __6__a good thing, “People who study the __7__ will tell you that you can’t actually multi?task in that way.You’re really switching __8__ sequentially from different tasks,just doing it rapidly,and

专题四 │ 专题预测

you don’t really do either task as well as you would do them ifyou did them one at a time.” The study suggests a(n) __9__between heavy media use and __10__ performance in school.About one?fourth of those who used media the least reported that their __11__ were mostly average or below.But that was true of half the heavy media users.

专题四 │ 专题预测
So where are the parents? Children who had any rule __12__ the use of any kind of media were exposed to an average of about three hours less media a day.But only one?third of children had to__13__ any rules. Girls spent more time than boys on social networking sites while boys on video games. Some other findings:time spent reading books has not__14__ in the last five years.But time with newspapers and magazines has become less , though some reading now__15__ online.

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( )1.A. school C.average )2.A. methods C.strategies )3.A. magazines C.stories )4.A. suit C.break )5.A. stressed C.counted B.special D.common B.devices D.procedures B.exercises D.tales B.work D.fit B.applied D.opened

(
( (

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( )6.A. necessarily C.equally )7.A. psychology C.brain )8.A. back and forth C.here and there )9.A. condition C.association )10.A. better C.stronger B.simply D.purposefully B.mind D.behavior B.up and down D.now and then B.combination D.link B.lower D.higher

(
( (

专题四 │ 专题预测
( ( )11.A. grades C.abilities )12.A. losing C.recovering )13.A. set C.follow )14.A. wasted C.dropped )15.A. breaks out C.comes out B.advantages D.hopes B.giving D.limiting B.understand D.restrict B.dragged D.passed B.takes place D.bursts o

(
( (

专题四 │ 专题预测
(二) 【文章大意】 本文主要介绍美国的儿童和青少年 对各种媒体的使用时间在不断增加,以引起人们的关 注。 1.C 考查语境化选词。average平均的。句意: 他们每天在使用媒体上要花费7.5个小时。 2.B 考查名词。method方法;device设备,器 具;strategy战略,策略;procedure步骤,程序。根 据句意可知,此处是表示设备之类的事物,故选B。

专题四 │ 专题预测
3.A 考查名词。能与books形成并列关系的显 然只有magazines。B、C、D项与books所属的范畴不 一致,故选A。 4.D 考查动词搭配。fit into找到时间(见某 人、做某事)。句意为:她很惊讶孩子们能够把一天 中更多的时间用在媒体上。 5.C 考查动词。count 把??算入,符合语境, 第二段最后一句话中有原词复现。 6.A 考查副词。necessarily必然地,必定。 根据上下文语境可知,一个孩子同时做很多事情,这 未必是一件好事。

专题四 │ 专题预测
7.C 考查名词。psychology心理学;mind想法, 思维,意图;brain脑,智慧;behavior行为。句意为” 研究大脑的人认为事实上你不可能那样同时做许多工 作”。故选C项。 8.A back and forth来回地。 句意为:你在不同 的工作之间来回转换,仅仅是速度快而已。 9.D 考查名词。condition“状况,条件”; combination“合作,联合”;association“协会,结 合”;link“联系,纽带”。根据语境可知,此处表示 过度使用媒体与在校的学习成绩的一种联系,故答案为D。

专题四 │ 专题预测
10.B 考查语境和形容词。根据语境可知,此处 应表示成绩不好,因此只有lower performance符合语 境。 11.A 考查名词。grade(表明学生成绩的)分数; advantage优势,益处;ability能力;hope希望。此 处表示他们的成绩为平均水平或更低一些,故选A。 12.D 考查非谓语动词。根据语境可知,有节制 地使用任何媒体的孩子一天接触媒体的时间(比无节制 地使用媒体的孩子)平均少了三个小时。故答案为D。 recover恢复,找回。

专题四 │ 专题预测
13.C 考查搭配。只有三分之一的孩子必须遵守 规则,follow听从,遵照。故选C项。 14.C 考查动词。根据句与句之间的逻辑关系可 知,此处表示“过去五年花在读书上的时间并没有下 降”。故选C项。drop降低,减少;waste浪费;drag拖, 磨蹭;pass走过,度过。 15.B 考查动词短语。break out爆发;take place 发生,举行;come out出来,出版;burst out 突然发生。句意:尽管现在一些阅读在网上进行,但是 花在读报和杂志上的时间减少了。故选B项。


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