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2015 广东茂名市高考英语语法填空等练习(1) (答案) 一、语法填空。 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (原创)The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2013 is awarded to the Canadian author Alice Munro, “master of the conte

mporary short story”. Canada’s Alice Munro— 1 (call)the“master of the contemporary short story”—won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences announced Thursday. The prize committee compared the 82-year-old author century Russ ian 3 2 Anton Chekhov, the 19th

is considered one of the greatest short story writers in history.

She’s the first Canadian-based writer 4 (win)the literature award. Saul Bellow, who won it in 1976, was born in Quebec but moved to the United States as a child and is regarded as U. S. author. Munro is the 13th woman to receive the literature prize. “On behalf of all Canadians, ”Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said in a tweet, “ (congratulation)to Alice Munro. ” After the prestigious award 7 (announce), the Nobel committee said on Twitter that it hadn’t been able to contact Munro and left a phone message to tell 8 the good news. But The 6 5

Canadian Press contacted her, and she was quoted as saying the award was“quite wonderful”and she was“ 9 (terrible)surprised”. “I knew I was in the running, yes, 10 I never thou ght I would win, ”she said, according

to a Toronto Star story quoting The Canadian Press. 【文章大意】 诺贝尔奖官方宣布, 2013 年诺贝尔文学奖授予加拿大女作家爱丽丝· 门罗, 颁奖 词称其为“当代短篇小说大师”。 1. 【解析】called。考查过去分词。call 和逻辑主语 Alice Munro 之间是被动关系, 应用被动 语态作定语。 2. 【解析】to。考查介词。compare. . . to . . . 把……比作……。本句句意是: 组委会把这位 82 岁的女作者比作 19 世纪俄国作家契诃夫。 3. 【解析】who。考查关系代词。who 引导定语从句修饰 Anton Chekhov, the 19th century Russian, 并在从句中作主语。 4. 【解析】to win。考查不定式。the first / second. . . 后要接不定式作定语。
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5. 【解析】a。考查冠词。此处是泛指一位美国作家, 应用不定冠词表泛指。 6. 【解析】congratulations。考查名词。表示祝贺时, 应用 congratulation 的复数形式。 7. 【解析】was announced。考查被动语态。announce 和 award 之间是被动关系, 且是发生 在过去的事情, 应用一般过去时的被动语态。 8. 【解析】her。考查人称代词。指代上文中提到的 Munro。 9. 【解析】terribly。考查副词。修饰形容词(surprised), 应用副词。 10. 【解析】but。考查连词。句意: 我知道我有希望, 但我从来没想过会获奖。上下文之间 是转折关系, 应用 but 连接。

二、完形填空。阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 As I drove my blue Buick into the garage. I saw that a yellow Oldsmobile was 1 too close to my space. I had to drive back and forth to get my car into the 2

space. That left 3 enough room to open the door. Then one day I arrived home 4 , and

just as I turned off the engine, the yellow Oldsmobile entered its space - too close to my car, 5 . At last I had a chance to meet the driver. My patience had 7 6

and I shouted at her, “Can’t you see you’re not over.” Banging(猛推) open her door into the driver shouted back: “Make me!” 9 8,

me enough space” Park father

this she stepped out of the garage. Still, 10 . Then one day, I 12 a

each time she got home first, she parked too close to my thought, “What can I do?” I soon found note on her windshield(挡风玻璃): Dear Yellow Oldsmobile, 11

. The next day the woman

I’m sorry mistress(女主人) shouted at yours the other day. She’s been sorry about it. I know it because she doesn’t sing anymore while her to scream you two. I 15 14 13 . It wasn’t like

. Fact is, she’d just got bad news and was taking it out on 16 her. Your neighbor,

you and your mistress will

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Blue Buick When I went to the 17 the next morning, the Oldsmobile was gone, but

there was a note on my windshield: Dear Blue Buick, My mistress is sorry, too. She parked so 18 because she just learned to 19

drive. We will park much farther over after this. I’m glad we can be now. Your neighbor,

Yellow Oldsmobile After that, whenever Blue Buick drivers waved cheerfully and smiled. ( ) 1.A.driven B.parked C.stopped C.narrow C.seldom C.finally C.as well C.run out C.offering C.itself C.From C.front C.an answer C.sent C.returning C.like that C.suppose C.forgive C.place D.stayed D.fixed D.hardly D.timely D.as yet D.run off D.leaving D.ours D.Upon D.side D.a chance D.discovered D.cooking D.any more D.suggest D.please D.garage 20 Yellow Oldsmobile on the road, their

( ) 2.A.complete B.close ( ) 3.A.quite ( ) 4.A.hurriedly ( ) 5.A.as usual ( ) 6.A.run into ( ) 7.A.keeping ( ) 8.A.mine ( ) 9.A.For ( ) 10.A.room B.nearly B.first B.as planned B.run about B.saving B.hers B.With B.area

( ) 11.A. an instructionB.a result ( ) 12.A.put B.wrote

( ) 13.A.working B.driving ( ) 14.A.on end ( ) 15.A.hope B.so long B.know

( ) 16.A.comfort B.help ( ) 17.A.office B.flat

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( ) 18.A.crazily


C.noisily C.drivers C.found

D.early D.writers D.greeted

( ) 19.A.neighbors B.friends ( ) 20.A.followed B.passed 36 . B 37 . C 38 . D 39 . A

[ 解析 ] 由第一段最后一句可知,人与昆虫有极大 “ 不同 ” 。 [ 解析 ]“make every possible efforts” 为固定短语。 [ 解析 ] 由后文蜂后引来大批蜜蜂可知, 后者自己常引起别人的注意。 [解析]由后文驾车者出现的麻烦事可知,此处形容词应填

“unfortunate” 。“unpleasant” 意为不高兴的,“hopeless" 意为无希望的,均 不符合上文意思。 40 . C 项。 41 . B [ 解析 ] 四个选项均为方位, 前、 后、 左、 右。 由 46 题 “following the car" [ 解析 ]leaving out” 为忽略、遗漏,考生如望文生意,则可能选择 B

可知, “a strange noise” 是由后面传来。 42 . D 试。 43 . B 44 . D [ 解析 ] 驾车人停车检查后,没发现异样情况,故继续向伦敦驶去。 [ 解析 ] 由 “Again” 可知, “the noise” 在他重新驾驶后再次发生。此题 [ 解析 ] 驾车热闹走出驾驶室来检查车轮。易错点 : C 项 “test” 强调测

可用排除法。A 项为 “ 通常的 ” ,B项为 “ 温柔的、轻轻的 ” 与 “became even louder” 不符, C 项为 “ 实际的、实在的 ” 均不符合上下文。 45 . D [ 解析 ] 奇怪的声音再次从后面传来,驾驶人 “ 转过头 ” 才能发现到底

发生了什么,故选 B 项。注意; D 项 “raising his head” 是抬头,由蜂群从 后传来,驾车者抬头是发现不了情况的。 46 . A .

[ 解析 ] 由本段最后 “thousands of bees… 可知,发出声音的是蜂群。

根据生活常识,成千上万的蜜蜂在后面,是黑压压的一片像云团一样。 易错项:D项,有考生脑中的蜜蜂形象是五颜六色的,可能选择 “colorful” 。 ·

47 .C [ 解析 ] 前文提及蜂后藏在车中,是因为有成千上万的蜜蜂在附近。易 错项: D 项,考生如果未注意到 “when he stopped…” 这句,还会以为 蜜蜂在车后盘旋。车停下后,蜜蜂应前后左右围着车子飞。 48 . D . [ 解析 ] 前文提及驾车人尽可能快的开车,是惧怕紧随其后的蜂群,
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所以这一小时的驾驶是非常艰辛的。易错项: A 项,“boring” 不能体现 驾车者为逃避或甩开蜂群的担惊受怕的心情。 49 . A [ 解析 ] 由 50 空后 “a customer” 可知,驾车者进人的不是博物馆、医

院或学校。 50 .D 51 .C [ 解析 ]“ it was not long before…” 此处表明蜂群随后飞来,速度极快。 [ 解析 ] 由常识判断,他的车上有无数的蜜蜂在飞、停歇。故告知他

这情况的人应急忙告诉他。选项 A 、 D 意思不符合上下文, B 项虽意思正 确,但不能表现当时情况的紧急性。 52 .B [ 解析 ] 驾车人下车进入宾馆,应是车窗关闭,故蜂群只可能密密麻

麻的爬在车的表面上。选项 A 、 C 均表示某物体的内部 “ 挤满 ” 或 “ 充满 ” 。 与常识不符。 53 . A [ 解析 ] 此时此情,其他人 “ 建议 ” 车主请人帮助。 B 项为 “ 要求 ” , C 项

为命令 ” , D 项为 “ 请求 ” ,均不符合题意。 54 . A 55 . C [ 解析 ] 由下文 55 选项后一句可知。 [ 解析 ] 蜂王为 “ 不速之客 ” ,意料之外的礼物。

三、阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt. In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out. Though the belief in the merit of dirt was longlived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science si nce World War Ⅱ .Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far? Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays.Many firsttime parents nervously try to warn
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their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease.On the contrary,Mary Ruebush,an American immunologist(免疫学家),encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system.And the latter position is gaining some ground. 本文介绍了人们对灰尘的不同态度和看法。16 世纪早期,人们认为灰尘能阻挡疾病。 人们不能洗澡。18 世纪时人们认为洗掉灰尘对身体有好处,能阻止疾病。而现在,人们对 灰尘有不同看法,有人认为不能碰灰尘,而有人认为灰尘能增强免疫力。 1. The kings of France and England in the 16th century closed bath houses because ________. A.they lived healthily in a dirty environment B.they thought bath houses were too dirty to stay in C.they believed disease could be spread in public baths D.they considered bathing as the cause of skin disease 答案:C。细节理解题。根据短文第二段第二、三句话可知。人们认为公共浴池是特别 危险的,法国和英国的国王都关闭了他们的浴池,由此可知 C 项正确。 2.Which of the following best describes Henry IV's attitude to bathing? A.Af raid. C.Approving. B.Curious. D.Uninterested.

答案:A。推理判断题。根据短文第二段最后两句话可知,享利四世以脏出名,当他得 知有人洗澡,为了避免疾病侵袭,他下令不准这人出门。由此可知享利四世对于洗澡是相当 害怕的。 3. How does the passage mainly develop? A. By providing examples. C. By following the order of time. B. By making comparisons. D. By following the order of importance.

答案:C。细节理解题,本文是以时间为线索进行写作的。先写 16 世纪人们对灰尘的 态度,然后是 17 世纪,最后写到今天人们的态度。 4.What is the author's purpose in writing the passage? A. To stress the role of dirt. C. To call attention to the danger of dirt. B. To introduce the history of dirt. D. To present the change of views on dirt.

答案:D。细节理解题。整篇文章作者陈述了三个不同的时间,人们对待灰尘的看法, 由此向我们展示了人们对灰尘观点的改变。

短文改错(满分 l0 分)
Today we had the honor of inviting Professor Smith to give us an English lesson. All of us were deeply impressing by this unforgettable English lesson. The professor began the class in an
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amusing English story, that attracted our attention at once. He spoke slowly and clearly so that we could follow him well. Great inspired, most of us took an active part in classroom activity. After class, many students being interviewed spoke highly of him. They said, never before have they experienced such interesting a class. From his lesson, we came to conclusion that it is not so difficult to learn English whether we find a good way.


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