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【志鸿优化设计】2014届高考英语一轮复习 Modules1-2 DeepSouth&TheRenaissance教学案 外研版选修8


《志鸿优化设计》2014 届高考英语(外研版 全国)一轮复习教 学案:选修 8Modules12 DeepSouth&TheRenaissance
八、议论文 Step Ⅰ 千里之行,始于足下。A journey of one thousand miles begins with the first step! 这里的佳句背诵是为了 Step Ⅲ的满分作文 句型提炼与拓展 1.近来我们对是否禁放烟花爆竹进行了讨 论。 1.Recently we had a discussio n about Recently we had a discussion about whether ... whether fireworks should be banned. 近来我们对是否??进行了讨论。 2.不同的学生持有不同的观点。 2.... have/hold different opinions.?? Different students have/hold different 持有不同的观点。 opinions. 3....are in favor of/for it.??赞同这 3.40% 的学生赞同这个做法,原因如下。 个做法。 40% of the students are in favor of Here are the reasons. it.Here are the reasons. The reasons are as follows. 4.首先,孩子学习努力,值得奖赏。 The following are the reasons. First of all, the child deserves a reward 原因如下。 for his efforts in study. 4.dese rve a reward 值得奖赏 5.其次,家庭轿车能方便上班工作。 5. ...will bring more convenience to their In addition, having a private car will work. bring more convenience to their work. ??能为工作带来更多方便。 6.开车能方便随时见客户,这反过来对公司 6.Cars provide easy access to sth.开车 有好处。 方便干某事。 Cars provide easy access to the ...,which will in turn benefit ... customers, which will in turn benefit the ??反过来对??有好处。 firm. 趁热打铁,佳句活用 对照修改,再次背诵 1.近来,我们对新生考入大学后是否需要配 备笔记本电脑进行了讨论。 1.Recently we had a discussion about ______________________________________ whether it is necessary for freshmen to __________________________________ have a laptop when they go to university. ______________________________________ 2.Different people have/hold different __________________________________ ideas. 2.不同的人有不同的看法。 There are different opinions among ______________________________________ different people. __________________________________ People's ideas vary from person to 3.多数人赞同这个做法。原因如下。 person. ______________________________________ 3.Most people are in favor of it.Here are __________________________________ the reasons. 4.首先,笔记本电脑是对他们取得好成绩的 4.First of all,freshmen deserve a laptop 肯定和奖励。 as an award for their great effor ts and ______________________________________ achievements. __________________________________ 5.In addition,having a laptop in hand 5.其次,笔记本电脑方便孩子学习,他们可 will bring more convenience to their 以更方便地上网,这对他们有好处。 studies and they can have easier access ______________________________________ to the Internet,which will in turn __________________________________ benefit them. ______________________________________

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__________________________________ Step Ⅱ 不积小流,无以成江海。Step after step the ladder is ascended. 这里的佳句背诵是为了 Step Ⅲ的满分作文 句型提炼与拓展 1.Some are strongly against it. 1.然而,有些人强烈反对这个观点。 有些人反对这个观念。 However, some are strongly against the 2....is as follows ...??如下。 opinion. 3.In the first place,... will bring 2.最近的时间安排如下。 dangers to the public safety. The latest schedule is as follows. 首先,??会对社会安全造成威胁。 3.首先,燃放爆竹对社会安全造成威胁。 4.What's more,...are quipped with... In the first place,setting off fireworks 而且,??配备了?? will bring dangers to public safety. 5.Personally speaking,it is unnecessary 4.而且,很多社区都配备了游泳池。 to ... What's more, many communities are 我认为,没有必要?? equipped with swimming pools. 6.have bad effects/influence on one's 5.我个人认为,没有必要燃放爆竹。 health Personally speaking, it is unnecessary to influence/affect one's health set off fireworks. 对身体有不好的影响 6.这位老人饮酒有瘾,这对他的身体不好。 ...is addicted to drinking,which will The old man is addicted to drinking, have bad effects on one's health.??饮 which will have bad effects on his health. 酒有瘾,这对身体不好。 趁热打铁,佳句活用 对照修改,再次背诵 1.然而,其余的人强烈反对这一做法。原因 如下。 ______________________________________ __________________________________ 1.However,the others are strongly 2.首先,这会给许多家庭造成经济负担。 against it. ______________________________________ Their reasons are as follows. __________________________________ 2.In the first place,it will add 3.而且,很多大学有足够的计算机供学生使 financial burden to some families. 用。 3.What's more,many universities are ______________________________________ equipped with adequate computers for use. __________________________________ 4.Personally speaking,it is unnecessary 4. 我个人认为, 新生没有必要买笔记本电脑。 to buy a laptop for freshmen. ______________________________________ 5.They may be addicted to computer games, __________________________________ which will have bad effects on their 5.他们会沉迷于电脑游戏,这会影响他们的 studies. 学习。 ______________________________________ __________________________________ Step Ⅲ 今天的成功可以复制。Today's success can be replicated. Step Ⅰ和 Step Ⅱ的背诵是为了考场写作 连句成文,体验成功 的成功开始 复习 Step Ⅰ和 Step Ⅱ背诵的句子, Recently we had a discussion about 然后写下面的作文: whether it is necessary for freshmen to have 学生考入大学后,是否需要立即为其 a laptop when they go to 配备笔记本电脑,我们班进行了讨论。对 university.Different people have different 此,有人赞同,有人反对。请你根据下列 ideas.

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内容,写一篇英文短文,并发表自己的看 法。 支持者: 1.是对子女奋发努力取得好成绩的肯定和 奖励; 2.方便今后的学习,可随时随地上网查资 料。 反对者: 1.势必会给有些家庭增加经济负担; 2.大学里有足够的计算机供学生使用。 注意: 1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 2.词数 100 左右。

Modules 1?2

Most people are in favor of it.Here are the reasons.First of all, freshmen deserve a laptop as an award for their great efforts and achievements.In addition, having a laptop in hand will bring more convenience to their studies and they can have easier access to the Internet, which will in turn benefit them. However, the others are strongly against it.Their reasons are as follows.In the first place, it will add financial burden to some families.What's more, many universities are equipped with adequate computers for use. Personally speaking, it is unnecessary to buy a laptop for freshmen.They may be addicted to computer games, which will have bad effects on their studies. Deep South & The Renaissance

1.____________ 2.____________ 3.____________ 4.____________ 5.____________ 烦

n.深度→____________ adj.深的 adj. 商业的→____________ n.商业;贸易 v.促进;增进→____________ n.促进;发扬;提升 adj.仪式性的;正式的→____________ n.仪式;典礼 adj. 烦人的;令人讨厌的→____________ v.(使)疲倦; (使)厌

6 . ____________ adj. 令 人 沮 丧 的 ; 令 人 抑 郁 的 →____________ adj. 沮 丧 的 →____________ n.沮丧 7.____________ n.宝石→____________ n.珠宝;首饰 8.____________ adj. 传说中的→____________ n.传说;传奇故事 9.____________ n.可靠性→____________ adj.可靠的;可信赖的→______ v.依赖; 依靠 10.____________ n.鼓舞;启示;灵感→____________ v.鼓舞;激励 11.____________ adv.基本上;本质上→____________ adj.基本的;基础的 12.____________ n.效果;作用→____________ adj.有效的 13.____________ n.(犯罪)嫌疑人;可疑分子→____________ adj.有嫌疑的;可疑 的→____________ n.怀疑;涉嫌 14.____________ n. 官员;高级职员→____________ n. 办公室→____________ n. 军官 1.In the ____________(缺乏)of serious consideration,let us not draw any conclusion. 2.We don't think such an ____________(反常的)phenomenon will last long. 3.____________(商业的)television is an eff ective medium for advertising. 4.From 1689 ____________(竞争)between England and France affected their possessions in North America. 5. Jin has the ____________ 强烈的) Xie ( community responsibility and the artistic conscience. 6.The real secret of success is ____________(激情)and enthusiasm.
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7.The scientist could not ____________(计算)when the spaceship would reach the Jupiter. 8.The information we have collected about you is strictly ____________(机 密的). 9.She complained that her ____________(手稿)had been heavily blue penciled by the editors. 10.In the long term,stress can ____________(激发)us to do better at jobs we care about. 1.____________信守诺言 2.____________适应 3.____________以防;假使 4.____________突出;醒目 5.____________踏上;到达 6.____________进入视线 7.____________负责 8.____________提出;想出 9.____________把??抛 在后面 10.___________依靠;依赖 11.___________代表 12.___________渴求 1.Then in 1895,a Norwegian call ed Carstens Borchgrevink became ____________ the Antarctic mainland. 后来到了 1895 年,一个叫卡斯滕·博克格雷温克的挪威人成为第一个踏上南极大陆的 人。 句型提炼:the first man to set foot on...表示“第一个登上??的人”,此处不 定式短语 to set foot on...作定语。 2.____________ he went,he carried a notebook around with him,____________ he wrote down his ideas. 不管走到哪里他都随身携带一个笔记本,以便随时记录下自己的想法。 句型提炼:wherever 相当于 no matter where,引导让步状语从句,表示“不论哪里; 任何地方”;in which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰 a notebook。 3.____________ his only contribution to history had been the Mona Lisa,it ____________ genius enough for all time. 但即使他对历史的贡献仅仅是一幅《蒙娜·丽莎》 ,这也已 经是恒久的天才作品。 句型提炼:even if 意为“即使”,引导让步状语从句。

1.promote vt.促进;增进;晋升;使升级;促销;推销 promote sb. from sth. to sth.把某人从某职位提升至某职位 be promoted to...被升为?? promotion n.提升;晋级 be on one's promotion 有希望提升 ①He certainly ought to be promoted.他确实应该被提升。 ②The boy was promoted to the fourth grade. 这个男孩升到四年级。 ③The company are promoting their new products on television. 这家公司正在电视上宣传他们的新产品。 ④The boss promoted him to sales manager. 老板提升他为销售经理。
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反馈 1.1On Environmental Day,some student volunteers dressed in plastic bags in the streets ______ the idea of not using them. A.involve B.clarify C.exchange D.promote 反馈 1.2Because of his good work,John was ______ to a higher class. A.appointed B.promoted C.proceeded D.selected 反馈 1.3(2012 山东实验中学二模,33)Steven Spielberg is coming to our city to ______ his new movie. A.offend B.explore C.promote D.reserve 2.suspect n.嫌疑犯 adj.可疑的;不可信的 v.猜想;觉得;怀疑;不信任 suspect sb. of(doing)sth.怀疑某人(做了)某事 suspect sb. to be 猜想某人是?? suspect that?clause 怀疑?? ①He is the prime suspect in the case.他是这个案子的首要嫌疑人。 ②Some of the evidence they produced was highly suspect. 他们出示的证据中有些非常令人怀疑。 ③He resigned after being suspected of theft. 他被怀疑有偷窃行为,随后就辞职了。 易混辨析 doubt 与 suspect 意思是“怀疑??不是”,表示 I doubt whether we'll arrive on time. doubt 不相信。 我怀疑我们能否按时到达。 He seems poor,but I suspect that he suspec 意思是“怀疑??是”,表示相 has quite a lot of money. t 信。 他看上去很穷,可是我怀疑他很有钱。 反馈 2.1Stella is certainly a good neighbour.What made you ______ her of having taken the money? A.doubt B.suspect C.charge D.admit 反馈 2.2The man ______ of stealing the mo ney was caught by Beijing police, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Friday. A.being suspected B.suspecting C.suspected D.to be suspected 反馈 2.3Nobody wants to make friends with the boy______money. A.suspected of having stolen B.suspected to steal C.suspected having stolen D.suspecting to have stolen 3.seek vt.& vi.寻求;寻找;要求;试图 seek one's fortune 寻找致富及成功之路 seek one's advice 征求某人的意见 seek sth.from sb.向某人寻求某事 seek to do sth.试图、设法做某事 seek after 追求;企图得到 seek for 寻求;寻找 ①Most men seek wealth;all men seek happiness. 大多数人寻求财富;每个人都追求幸福。 ②I have never sought to hide my views. 我从不企图隐瞒自己的观点。 ③We sought(for)an answer to the question,but couldn't find one.
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我们寻找这个问题的答案,可是没能找到。 温馨提示下列动词后接不定式也可表达“试图做”“企图做”:try to do,intend to do,mean to do,want to do。 反馈 3.1—Anything else to say for you rself? —Well,dear judge,I have never ______ to hide my views. A.managed B.succeeded C.sought D.failed 反馈 3.2We are seeking ______ a solution to the problem. A.to B.for C.of D.in 反 馈 3.3—I don't know ______ to join the army or to find a job after my graduation. —Why don't you ______ your parents' advice? They will surely help you. A.if;take B.whether;follow C.if;give D.whether;seek 4.blame vt.责备;责怪;谴责;把??归咎于 n.埋怨;责备;责怪;责任 be to blame 应负责任;应受责备 blame sb.for sth.因某事而责怪某人 blame sth.on sb.把某事归罪于某人 take the blame for... 承担??的责任 lay/put the blame on sb.把某事归咎于某人 ①Who is to blame for the inflated rents? 房租上涨该由谁负责? ②They blamed him for the accident.=They blamed the accident on him. 他们因这次事故而责怪他。 ③The company is ready to take the blame for what had happened. 公司准备对已发生的事情承担责任。 反馈 4.1(2013 山西汾阳中学一模,32)—Who is to ______ for the accident,you or I? —I don't know. A.scold B.be blamed C.blame D.criticize 反馈 4.2______ for the breakdown of the school computer network,Alice was in low spirits. A.Blamed B.To be blamed C.Blaming D.To blame 5.stand out 显眼;突出;醒目;杰出 ①Fred was very tall and stood out in the crowd. 高大的弗雷德在人群中特别显眼。 ②It stands out a mile what has to be done. 应该做什么再明显不过了。 ③I think black lettering will stand out best on a yellow sign. 我认为黄色标志上用黑色字体最醒目。 反馈 5— Next week I will go to a job interview.Will you give me some suggestions? —Smiling is a great way to make yourself ______. A.stand out B.turn out C.work out D.pick out 6.in case of 以防;假若;万一;倘使 in case(+从句)以防;万一;免得
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in any case 无论如何 in no case 决不 in the case of 至于;在??情况下;就??而言 in this/that case 如果是这样/那样;在这样/那样的情况下 as is often the case 这是常有的事 ①You'd better take your umbrella in case of rain/in case it rains. 你最好带把雨伞,以防下雨。 ②He was absent,as is often the case. 他没有来,这是常有的事。 ③In any case,catch the train tomorrow. 无论如何,明天搭火车。 温馨提示 in no case 置于句首时,句子采用部分倒装语序。 In no case should you give up. 无论如何你都不能放弃。 反馈 6.1They are quite at a loss as to what to do ______ a fire in the warehouse. A.in honour of B.in need of C.in case of D.in form of 反馈 6.2“In no case ______ you are a Chinese,” Dad told me before I went to Japan. A.you should forget B.forget you C.should you forget D.shouldn't you forget 反馈 6.3(2013 山东兖州诊断,32)Leave your key with your neighbor ______ you lock yourself out one day. A.as long as B.in case C.even though D.as if 7.on behalf of 代表??;为??说话 on behalf of sb.=on sb.'s behalf 代表某人;为了某人 in behalf of sb.=in sb.'s behalf 为帮助某人 ① On behalf of the department I would like to thank you all. 我谨代表全系感谢大家。 ② The president can't be here today,so I'm going to speak on his behalf. 今天总裁不能来,所以我将代表他发言。 反馈 7I feel it ______ that I can make a speech ______ my school. A.honoured;on behalf of B.an honour;on behalf of C.honouring;on the behalf of D.honour;on the behalf of

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参考答案 基础梳理整合 词汇拓展 1. depth; deep 2. commercial; commerce 3. promote; promotion 4. ceremonial; ceremony 5. tiresome; tire 6. depressing; depressed; depression 7. jewel; jewelry 8.legendary;legend 9.reliability;reliable;rely 10.inspiration;inspire 11.basically;basic 12.effect;effective 13.suspect;suspected;suspicion 14.official;office;officer 语境记词 1.absence 2.abnormal 3.Commercial 4.rivalry 5.intense 6.passion 7.calculate 8.confidential 9.manuscript 10.motivate 短语回顾 1.keep one's promise 2.adapt to 3.in case of 4.stand out 5.set foot on 6.come into sight 7.in charge of 8.come up with 9.leave sth.behind 10.depend on 11.on behalf of 12.be thirsty for 典句分析 1.the first man to set foot on 2.Wherever;in which 3.even if;would have been 考点归纳拓展 1.1 D involve 意为“包含;牵涉”;clar ify 意为“澄清;说明”;exchange 意为 “交换;交流”;promote 意为“增进;增强”。D 项符合句意,表示“增强不使用塑料袋 的意识”。 1.2 B appoint 意为“任命”, 后面应接表示职位的词; promote 意为“晋升; 使升级”; proceed 意为“进行;开展”;select 意为“挑选”。根据句意判断应选 B 项。 1.3 C offend 意为“触怒;冒犯”;explore 意为“探索;探险”;promote 意为“促 进;促销”;reserve 意为“储备;保留”。句意:斯蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格要来我们城市推销 他的新电影。 2.1 B doubt 意为“怀疑” ,常指觉得什 么东西不 可能,用于肯 定句时, 多接 whether/if 引导的从句,用于否定句时,多接 that 引导的从句;suspect 意为“怀疑”, 常指觉得什么东西有可能,用于 suspect sth.to be 或 suspect sb.of(doing)sth.结构; charge 意为“索价;收费”;admit 意为“承认;准许进入”。根据句意和后面的 of 短语 可知应选 B 项。 2.2 C 由句意可知 The man 和 suspect 之间是被动关系,即 sb.be suspected of doing sth.,故 C 项正确。 2.3 A suspect sb.of doing sth.意为“怀疑某人做了某事”,该句中 the boy 与 suspect 之间为动宾关系,故应用过去分词短语 suspected of having stolen 作 the boys 的定语。 【思路拓展】suspected of having stolen money 相当于定语从句 who is suspected of having stolen mo ney。 3.1 C 句意:——你还有什么要为自己辩护的吗?——哦,亲爱的法官先生,我从来 都没有试图隐瞒我的观点。seek to do sth.意为“试图、企图做某事”,符合句意。manage to do sth.意为“设法成功地做某事”;fail to do sth.意为“未能做某事”;succeed 一般后接 in doing sth.,表示“成功做了某事”。 3.2 B seek 后可接 to do sth.或 for sth.,该题空后为名词,故选 B 项。 3.3 D 引导宾语从句时,whether 和 if 常可换用,但后面接不定式或后面有 or 时, 一般不用 if, 所以第一个空用 whether; 根据句意判断第二个空应用 seek, seek one's advice 意为“征求某人的意见”,而 follow one's advice 意为“听从某人的意见”。 4.1 C be to blame 为固定短语,意为“应受责备”,所以答案为 C 项。 4.2 A blame sb.for sth.意为“因某事而责怪某人”,该句主语 Alice 与 blame 为被 动关系,所以应选过去分词形式作状语。 5.A A 项意为“突出;出色;超群”;B 项意为“结果是;证明是;生产”;C 项意
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为“解出”;D 项意为“挑出;选出”。句意:微笑是使你脱颖而出的好办法。 6.1 C in honour of 意为“为了向??表示敬意”;in need of 意为“需要??”; in case of 意为“万一; 如果;假若”;in form of 意为“用??形式”。此处应选 C 项, 表示“假若仓库失火的话”。 6.2 C 由于 in no case 位于句首,所以应用倒装语序,答案为 C 项。 6.3 B A 项意为“只要”;B 项意为“以防”;C 项意为“即使”;D 项意为“仿佛; 好像”。根据逻辑关系判断应选 B 项,表示“以防有一天你把自己锁在外面”。 7.B 第一个空应选 an honour,表示“一件荣幸的事”;第二个空应选 on behalf of, 表示“代表??”。

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