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定语从句与易混句型巧区分


定语从句与易混 句型巧区分

一. 定语从句与并列句 注意:并列句用分号(;)和连接词 and, but来连接的
1. Mr. Li has three daughters, none of _________is an engineer. who m 2. Mr. Li has three daughters, but them none of ________ is a dancer. 3. Mr. Li has three daughters; none ________ are doctors. they

二. 定语从句与地点状语从句 注意:看看有没有先行词。如果有, 就是定语从句;如果没有,就是状语 从句。
1. Rice doesn’t grow well where there is ________ not enough water. 2. I still remember the farmwhere/on which ______________ my parents worked ten years ago.
对比下面两个句子:

He left the key where he had been an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years.

练习: The visitor asked the guide to take his picture ________ stands the B famous tower. A. that B. where C. which D. there

三. 定语从句与强调句 注意:强调句中如果去掉了it is/was… that后,句子意思依然完整 的。而定语从句去掉了it be… that 后从句就不完整了。
用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 1.It is on the morning of May 1st that I _____ met John at the airport. where/in 2.It is the factory __________John works. which 练习:It was 5 o’clock in the morning when _________he arrived home.

四. 定语从句与结果状语从句 用such…as组成的定语从句和 such…that组成的结果状语从句很相 似。要注意区分。Such…as结构中, 由于as是关系代词,它一定在从句中 充当成分(如主、宾或表语);而 such…that结构中,that 只起连词的 作用,它后面的句子应该是完整的。

1. I have the same computer _____you as have. that 2. She is such a kind girl _______ all of

us like to make friends with her.

对比下面两个句子:
He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him. as 练习:It is such a good place _____ that everybody wants to visit _____ it is well-known all over the world. A. which; that B. as ; as C. as ;that D. that; as

五. 定语从句与习惯句型 注意:固定句型:某人第几次做… It is the first/second/third time that + 从句(现在完成时)
that 1.It is the first time ______ she has been in Shanghai.
when 2.It was the time _______ Chinese people had a hard life.

六. 定语从句与单句 注意标点符号。两个单句间用句号, 而定语从句两个句子间用逗号。
1.The mother told the lazy boy to work, _________ didn’t help. which

2.The mother told the lazy boy to work. It _________ didn’t help.
练习:There are 56 students in our class, B most of ____are girls.

A. which

B. whom C. them D. that

七.

定语从句与名词从句

定语从句与同位语从句的区别: 1. 先看先行词是不是一些表示有丰富内涵 的词语,如fact, idea, news , thought 等; 2. 同位语从句中只用that做连词; 3. 看看关系连词是否在从句中作成分; 4. 同位语从句中 ,从句的作用是对前面 的名词起一个解释内容的作用。

七.

定语从句与名词从句

that/which 1.The news ______came from the front was true.
that 2.The news ______ he won the game was true. what 3.She was not ______ she used to be. that/ 4.The city is no longer a place _____ it used to be. which 5._____ is known to us all, paper was first made As in China. It 6._____ is known to us all that paper was first made in China.

that/ who/ 练习:She was not the woman ______ whom she used to be.
The city is no longer _______ it what used to be.


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