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英语动词不定式


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动 词 不 定 式

To do that sort of thing is foolish。 主语 。 I want to see you this evening. 宾语

All you have to do is to finish it quickly

. 表语

We found a house to live in. 定语 She came here to study English. I warned the patient not to eat cold water after the operation. 状语

宾补

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作主语
1.当今掌握一门外语真的很重要。 当今掌握一门外语真的很重要。 当今掌握一门外语真的很重要

To master a foreign language is really important nowadays.
2. 放弃吸烟是对的。 放弃吸烟是对的。

To give up smoking is right.
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作宾语
1. Fred 没有钱,所以他决定找一份工作。 没有钱,所以他决定找一份工作。

Fred didn’t have any money, so he decided to look for a job.
2. 他答应不告述任何人这事。 他答应不告述任何人这事。

He promised not to tell anyone about it.

作表语
1. 我的工作是教英语。 我的工作是教英语。

My job is to teach English.
2. 眼见为实。 眼见为实。

To see is to believe.
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作定语
1. 你有什么要说的吗 你有什么要说的吗?

Do you have anything to say?
2. Betty是第一个知道这真相的人 是第一个知道这真相的人

Betty was the first to know the truth
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作状语
He spoke loudly (so as / in order) to be heard. 目的状语. 目的状语 They jumped with joy to hear the news. 原因状语. 原因状语 I’m too tired to walk any further tonight. 结果状语
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作宾补
1. 她叫我呆在这儿。 她叫我呆在这儿。 She asked me to stay there. 2.请允许我介绍 请允许我介绍Mr. White给你们。 给你们。 请允许我介绍 给你们 Please allow me to introduce Mr. White to you.
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注意

A.有些动词后面的不定式不带to,如feel 有些动词后面的不定式不带 有些动词后面的不定式
(一感)hear,listen to(二听)make, 一感) (二听) have, let(三让) see, watch, notice, (三让) observe(四看). (四看) I heard them sing a pop song . The teacher made me answer the question. We watched them play football .
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注意

B. 动词不定式的否定式只须在 动词不定式的否定式只须在to
前加

not.

My father decided not to take up the job. The teacher told us not to be late again.

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注意

C. 带疑问词的动词不定式在 带疑问词的动词不定式在to
前加疑问词。 前加疑问词。
Mr.Lin will teach us how to use the computer. Can you tell me where to get the book?
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注意

D. 作简短回答或避免不必要的重复时, 作简短回答或避免不必要的重复时,
动词不定式常常省去to 后面的动词 的动词, 动词不定式常常省去 后面的动词, 保留to 只保留 。
A:Would you like to come to my party? B: Yes , I’d love to ( come to your party). Mary想用我的自行车,但我叫她别用。 想用我的自行车,但我叫她别用。 想用我的自行车 Mary wanted to use my bike, but I asked her not to ( use my bike). 英语博客网http://ghb.blogbus.com

动词不定式的时态
一般式( ㈠. 一般式 to do ).
不定式的一般式所 表示的动作(状态) 表示的动作(状态) 同时(或几乎同时) 同时(或几乎同时) 发生,或之后发生。 发生,或之后发生。

1. I opened the door to enter the room. 2. Mr. Smith is going to attend the meeting to be held tomorrow.
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动词不定式的时态
进行式( ㈡.进行式 to be doing) 进行式
如果谓语表示的动作 情况)发生时, (情况)发生时,不 定式所表示的动作正 在进行。 在进行。

1. I am very glad to be working with you. 2. He is said to be coming.
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动词不定式的时态
完成式( ㈢.完成式(to have done) 完成式
如果谓语表示 的动作发生在 不定式之前。 不定式之前。

1. I am sorry to have kept you waiting so long. 2. You seemed to have read the novel written by Mr. Smith.
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动词不定式的语态
主动式( ㈠.主动式 to do / to be doing /to have done) 主动式 当不定式逻辑上的主语是不定式所表示的 动作的执行者时. 动作的执行者时 1. We want to learn English well. 2.Robert is said____abroad, but I didn’t know what country he studied in.(NMET99) A. to have studied C. made B.to study D. to make
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动词不定式的语态
被动式( ㈡.被动式 to be done / to have been done) 被动式 当不定式逻辑上的主语是不定式所表示 的动作的承受者时. 的动作的承受者时 1. He didn’t like to be laughed at. 2. He claimed ____in the supper market when he was doing shopping yesterday.(上海 ) (上海98) A. being badly treated C. to be treated badly B.treating badly
D. to have been badly treated.
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高考题汇集: 高考题汇集:
1. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier ________ it more difficult. (MET99) A. not make C. not making B. not to make D. do not make

2. I’ve worked with children before, so I know what ______ in my new job. (NMET2000) A. expected C. to be expecting B. to expect D. expects
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3. Charles Babbage is generally considered _____the first computer. (MET1998) A. to invent C. to have invented B. inventing C. having invented

4. Allen had to call a taxi because the box was _______ to carry all the way home. (MET2003) A. much too heavy C. heavy too much B. too much heavy D. too heavy much
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5. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______. (NMET95)
A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to

6. Little Jim should love _____ to the theatre this evening. (MET 97) A.to be taken B. to take D. taking
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B. C. being taken

7.There are five pairs ___,but I’m at a loss which to buy.(1999上海高考 上海高考) 上海高考 A. to be chosen B. to choose from C. to choose D. for choosing

8. ________late in the afternoon, Bob turned off the alarm. (2001年北京春季高考 年北京春季高考) 年北京春季高考

A. To sleep C. Sleep

B. Sleeping D. Having sleep
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9. With a lot of difficult problems ________,the
newly-elected president is having a hard time. (2002年上海春季高考 年上海春季高考) 年上海春季高考

A. settled C.to settle

B. settling D. being settled

10. She will tell us why she feels so strongly that
each of us has a role_____in making the earth a better place to live. (2003上海春季高考 上海春季高考) 上海春季高考

A.to have played
C. to be played

B. to play D. to be playing
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11. In order to gain a bigger share in the
international market, many state run companies are trying ______their products more competitive. ( 2002上海春季高考 上海春季高考) 上海春季高考

A.to make C. to have made

B. making D.having made

12. The teacher asked us_______so much noise. (2003北京春季高考 北京春季高考) 北京春季高考
A.don't make C. not making B. not make D. not to make
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练习
1. —The light in the office is still on. ---Oh, I forgot .

A. turning it off C.. having turned it off

B. turn it off D. to turn it off

2. She can’t help ______ the house because she’s busy making a cake.

A. to clean C. Cleaned A. of speak C. spoken

B. cleaning D. being c leaned in public. B. speaking D. to speak

3. Not everybody has the ability

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4. Mary is always the first student teacher’s teacher s questions in class. A. rising C. rose

to answer the

B. to rise D. risen

5.— 5. Mum ,why do you always ask me to eat an egg every day? --- __enough protein and nutrition as you are __enough growing up. A. Get getting B. Getting C. To get D. To be

6.—Would 6. Would you be so kind A. helping B. in helping

---With us out? ---With pleasure. C. help D. as to help
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7. Wet umbrellas are not allowed
according to the rule. A. to be taken B. to take

into this hotel D. taking

C. taken

didn’t 8. Robert is said _______ abroad, but I didn t know what country he studied in. A to have studied C to be studying B to study D to have been studying

____a 9. In Australia he made a lot of friends ____a very practical knowledge of English. A. get B. getting C. to get D. got

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10. The patient was warmed _______ oily food after the operation. A. to eat not C. not to eat B. eating not D. not eating

hasn’t 11. We agreed ___ here, but so far she hasn t turned out yet. A. having met C. to meet B. meeting D. to have met

doesn’t 12. Paul doesn t have to be made ________. He always works hard. A. learn C. learned B. to learn D. learning

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