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名词性从句导学案


高三英语语法复习导学案――名词性从句 Director Li Gaoyun Checker Learning aim Key points

Huang Huafeng

Grasp the usage of Noun Clauses Master the basic structure and conjunctive words of every Noun clause. Difficult points 1) How to decide correct conjunctive words; 2) How to distinguish noun clauses with other clauses. Learning method Group work and individual work 一. 课前导学:请小组探究完成以下任务: 1.名词性从句有哪些?________________________________________________ 2.名词性从句的引导词: 单词 词义 在词中所充当的成分 连词 that / / if / whether 是否 / what (ever) (无论)什么 主、宾、表 连接 which (ever) (无论)哪个 主、宾、定 代词 who (ever) (无论)谁 主、 、宾、表 whom (ever) (无论)谁 宾 whose (ever) (无论)谁的 定 when 什么时候 状 连接 where 在哪里 状 副词 why 为什么 状 how 怎样 状 3. 找出下列句子中的从句并辨别种类: 1)Whether a new airport will be built hasn’t been decided. 2)Our difficulty is where we can find a ladder. 3)That the player got the first place made us excited. 4)He pretended that he was innocent. 5)What I think about is whether I should help him. 6)I was amazed at the news that he failed in the exam. 7) It worries all the parents most that their children oftne chat on the Internet. 8) It was a matter of who should get the amount of money. 9) We don't’ doubt that he can do a good job of it. 10) We have no doubt that he can do a good job of it. 二.课中探究: (一) .名词性从句的语序: ________陈述语序_____________ 1. Can you tell me _________________ then? A. what were you thinking of B. what you were thinking of 2. Can you tell me _______________________? A. what is the matter with you B. what the matter is with you (二) 。区别 what 与 that
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探究: what 与 that 在从句中的句法功能有何不同?
What 在从句中作句子成分,有含义,而 that 没有含义,不作句子成分。 1) ____That_______ she would come at once surprised all of us. 2)Please tell me___what____ has happened to her. 3)He did ___what__ he could to save the drowning girl. 4)The exhausted soldiers slept on __what____ we called “kang”. 5)The fact is ______that_ we can’t be free that day. 6)After__what__ seemed an hour ,he came to life. 7)She doesn’t know ____what____ she will do with his summer vacation. 8) Air is to us what water is to fish. (固定句型)译:__________________________ 【高考链接】 2007 全国) : ( _________ matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What B. Which C. That D. Where (三)区别 if 与 whether 1) __Whether____ we will go picnicking depends on _whether_ it will be rainy. 2) I have no idea _whether__ he will come to the party. 3) The question is __whether__ he will come to the party. 4) I don’t care __whether__ he will attend the meeting or not. 5) He can’t decide ___whether__ to stay here another day. 6) He can’t decide __whether/if___ he’ll stay here another day. 【高考链接】(2006 江苏)We haven’t settled the question of _________ it is : necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. whether C. where D. that 你能归纳出须使用 whether 的情况吗? ① 主、表、同位从句用 whether ② 介词宾语用 whether ③ whether 与 or not 连用 ④ 不定式前用 whether (四) it 作形式主语和形式宾语 Translate the following: 1) 很显然你误会我了。 _It is obvious that you’ve made a mistake of me. 2) 很遗憾你错过了音乐会。 __It is a pity that you missed the concert. 3) 我觉得很遗憾,你错过了音乐会。 __I feel it a pity that you missed the concert___ 4) 你觉得我们一周内完成论文可能吗? __Do you think it possible that we finish this paper within a week____ 5) 有打电话时我碰巧不在家。 _It happened that I was out when you called me___ 【高考链接】 2000 上海) Don’t ________ that all these who get good grades in : ( the entrance examination will prove to be most successful. A. take as granted B. take this for granted C. take that for granted D. take it for granted 【焦点关注】 I would appreciate _______ if you come to my grandma’s : birthday party and say hello to her. A. that B. it C. you D. her
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牢记:在 appreciate, like, dislike, love, hate 等后接由 if 或 when 引导的宾语从句 中;在 see to, depend on, rely on, count on 等后 that 引导的从句中,从句前常加 it 作形式宾语。
1) I hate it when they talk with their mouth full of food. 2) 译:走的时候务必做到锁好门。 __See to it that the door is locked when you leave__ 3) 译:你可相信,他会帮你的。 _You can rely on it that he will give you a hand___ (五)虚拟语气在名词性从句中的应用 1)It is necessary that _we (should) master a foreign language(我们掌握一门外 语。) 2)It was suggested that_the sports meet be called off at once(立即取消运动会。 ) 3)The teacher requested that_we turn in our homework immediately_(我们立即 上交作业)。 4)My suggestion is that we_______(go) to the cinema together. 5)His advice that we__________(come) here on the dot is very reasonable. 6)The order came _____ the soldiers ______ the small village the next morning. A. that, had to leave B. that, should leave C. /, must leave D. when, should leave 结论:①当主句的表语是 strange, natural, important, necessary, possible 等形容 词 时 , 由 that 引 导 的 主 语 从 句 , 其 谓 语 动 词 使 用 虚 拟 语 气 , 即 ________________________。 ② 在 表 示 建 议 _suggest_,advise,propose, recommand 要 求 demand, request, require _ 坚持_insist___ 命令_order, command, 等词后面的宾语从句和 suggestion proposal advice idea order requirement request command 等名词后面的同位语从句和表语从句,使用虚拟语气。 (六)that 的省略 探究:下列句中的 that 哪些是可以省略的? I don’t know that he has come back from HongKong. I believe that you have try your best and that you can come to the top of the class. He said that although he felt ill, he wouldn’t leave earlier. It is said that his novel will come out next month. The truth is that he came here on foot instead of by bus. My idea that he should come here another day was refused by all of them. 结论:主、表、同位从句不省;当动词后带有两个及两个以上 that 引导的宾语 从句时;在 that 引导的宾语从句中,从句中又包含从句时 (七) 双重疑问句



问 句 中 插 入 Do you think/believe/suppose/imagine/expectsuggest/---等时,这时的特殊疑问句要用什么 语序?陈述语序
1) When do you think __________________________? A. will the plane take off B. the plane will take off
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2) 你认为她发生了什么事? __What do you think has happened to her______. 3) 你认为他到底去哪个地方了? __Where do you suppose he has gone____. Who do you suggest (should) be made our monitor___?(选为我们的班长)? 【高考链接】 (2002 上海)________ be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B.Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should (八) “疑问词-ever”与“no matter + 疑问词”的区别 Whatever, whichever , whoever, whomever,however, whenever, wherever no matter what,no matter which,no matter who,no matter whom,no matter how,no matter when,no matter where 1)I don’t believe _________whatever______ he says. _Whatever/No matter what_ he says , I don’t believe him. 2)__Whoever/No matter who___breaks the law, he’ll be punished. __Whoever___ breaks the law will be punished. 【高考链接】① (1998 上海) Sarah hopes to become a friend of ________ shares her interests. A. anyone B. whomever C.whoever D. no matter who ② (NMET 1997) It is generally considered unwise to give a child ________ he or she wants. A.however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever ③ (2000 北京) These wild flowers are so special that I would do _________ I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever ④ (2000 上海)________ much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. A. How B. Whatever C. However D. No matter (九). that 引导的定语从句和同位语从句的区别 1)The news that he told me is true. 2)The news that he will come is true. 3)One of the men held the view__that what_____ the girl said was right. 4)Word came_that__ he would return from the front before long . 【高考链接】Danby left word with my secretary _________ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which (十)请关注以下几个词所关联名词性从句的引导词: 1)The reason why she was ill was __that__ she ate bad meat. 2) I doubt _whether__ he will accept my invitation. I don’t doubt _that__ he will accept my invitation. Do you doubt __that___ he will come back soon? 4) Please make sure ___that_ the door is locked when you leave. 5) I’m not sure __whether___ I should write to him right now. I’m sure _that__ the key is in the drawer because I put it there this morning. 课后总结反思:
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语法专练----名词性从句 【基础练习】 1.—May I have a ten-minute break, Mom? --Certainly. I think you can do ______ you think you should. A. what B. when C. that D. how 2. _______ breaks the laws will be punished. A.No matter who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. One 3.That he hasn’t come is _______ he is busy writing the papers. A. that B. why C. because D. the reason 4. He doesn’t think the question of _______ they are men or women is important. A. if B. which C. why D. whether 5.I’ve got to make _______ he told a lie. A. that clear B. quite clear C. it clear that D. this clear that 6._____ is no possibility ______ Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There, that B.It, that C. There, whether D. It, whether 7._____ he talked about it to reporters surprised me. A. / B. That C. What D. Whether 8.News came ______ the H1N1 virus may spread more quickly than was thought. A. when B. where C. that D. which 9.—Are you sure that’s ______ you want me to take you? ---Surely enough! The red building over there. A. where B. why C. to which D. there where 10. The most exciting thing for him was ______ he finally found two tinned fruits in _______ seemed to him be a servant’s bedrooom. A. that, that B. what, which C. that, what D. what, where 11.There is no doubt ________ . A. that Mr John is in good health B. whether is Mr John healthy C. whether Mr John is healthy D. if Mr John’s health is returning 12.Energy is ________ makes things work. A. something B. everything C. what D. anything 13.---I don’t think that Bob will come here again today. ---Please give the book to _______ comes here first. A. whoever B. whomever C. who D. whom 14.She knew nothing about his journey _______ he is likely to be away for three months. A. except B. except for C. except that D. in addition 15.Sometimes we are asked ______ the likely result of an action will be. A. that we think B. what we think C. what do we think D. that what we think 16.---I rang you at about ten, but there was no reply. ---Oh, that was probably ________ I was seeing a doctor. A. when B. why C. what D. that
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17. You may depend ______ it won’t happen again. A. that B. on that C. on it that D. on it 18.---What were you trying to prove to the police? --- ________ I was last night. A. That B. When C. Where D. What 19.—Where would you like to go? --I don’t mind _____ I go; I will go ______ you want to go. A. where, the place B. where, wherever C. the place, wherever D. wherever, no matter where 20.The experiment will show us ______ can be used in the modern lab. A. that you have invented B. how that you have invented C. how what you have invented D. that how you have invented 21.Tom might be able to forget a thought ______ often worried him---the thought _______ he had no real parents. A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, why 22.Why don’t you bring _____ to his attention that you are too busy to do it? A. this B. that C. what D. it 23.—Do you know _______ Mr Black’s address is? --He may live at No. 18 or 19 Bridge Street. I’m no sure of ______. A. what, which B. where, which C. where ,what D. what, where 24._______ be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 25.Helen was told ______ she found was not important to us. A. that why B. why what C. what why D. why that 26.—My foot hurts terribly, doctor. ---Well, I wonder _______ it has been like this. A. since when B. since then C. how D. when 27.---What are you anxious about? ---________. A. Whether we can succeed B. If we succeed C. Do we succeed D. That we Cn succeed 28.---Can you see the Jnsha Museum from _______ you are standing? ---Yes, and it’s really well designed. A. where B. the place C. which D. there 29.The reason _______ he hasn’t come is _____ he has to look after his father in the hospital. A. that, because B.why, as C. why, that D. which, because 30.As a new diplomat, he often thinks of _______ he can react more appropriately on such occasions. A. what B. which C. that D. how

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【高考链接】 1.(2003 上海)______ made the school proud was ______ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. A.What, because B. What, that C. That, what D. That, because 2. (2004 上海)A story goes _______ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that 3. (2004 天津) A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where 4. (2004 上海)You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ________ I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how 5.(2004 沪春)The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ______ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 6. ( 2004 广 东 ) Parents are taught to understand _______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 7.(2007 福建)It is none of your business _______ other people think about you. Believe youself. A. how B. what C. which D. when 8.(2008 山东)______ was most important ot her, she told me, was her family. A. It B.This C.What D.As 9.(2008 浙江)______ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who 10.(2008 福建)_______ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which 11.(2008 上海)It has been proved _______ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. A. if B. because C. when D. that 12.(2009 上海)It is not immediately clear _______ the financial crisit will soon be over. A. since B. what C. when D. whether 13.(2009 北京) At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see _______ it got any better. A. when B. how C. why D. if 14.(2010 沪春)There is no obvious evidence _____ there is life on any other planet in the solar system. A. which B. that C. how D. where 15.(2009 江苏)Many young people in the West are expected to leave ______ could be life’s most important decision---marriage---almost entirely up to luck. A. as B. that C. which D. what
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16.(2004 广东)I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter ______ I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom 17.(2005 安徽)Great chagnes have taken place in that school. It is no longer ______ it was 20 years ago, ______ it was so poorly equipped. A. what, when B. that, which C. what, which D. which, that 18.(2010 全国)We haven’t discussed yet _______ we are going to place our new furniture. A. that B. which C. what D. where 19. (2010 山东)Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my kids will need for the coming season. A. why B. which C. whose D. what 20.(2010 天津)As a new gradute, he doesn’t know _____ it takes to start a business here. A. why B. what C. when D. which 21. 2010 上海) ( When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know _______. A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering 22.(2010 北京)Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was ________ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 23.(2010 北京)______ some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A.Whether B. What C.That D. How 24.(2010 江苏)---I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. ---That’s __________ I don’t agree. You should have a more active life. A. where B. how C. when D. what 25.(2010 重庆) To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions ______ had used the products. A. whoever B. who C. whichever D. which 26.(2010 四川)How much one enjoys himself travelling depends largely on _______ he goes with, whether his friends or relatives. A. what B. who C. how D. why 27.(2010 湖南) Cindy shut the door haevily and b urst into tears. No one in the office knew ________ she was so angry. A. where B. whether C. that D. why 28.(2010 浙江)It is uncertain ______ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it. A. that B. what C. how D. whether 29.(2010 福建)We should respect food and think about the people who don’t have ______ we have here and treat food nicely. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 30. (2010 陕西)It never occurred to me _______ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if
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