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2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练(五)(新课标·广东专用) 名词、形容词和副词辨析 Word版含解析


专项限时训练(五) [名词、形容词和副词辨析] (限时:25 分钟)

一、名词辨析 1. My first ________ on him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man. A.expression B.attention C.satisfaction D.impression 2.—Why d

o you choose to work in an international travel agency? —Well, you know, English is my ________. So it is my best choice. A.strength B.talent C.ability D.skill 3. Your________as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on what you learn. A.operation B.growth C.performance D.character 4. It is important to have your eyes examined regularly to check for any sign of eye disease that may not have any ________. A.symptom B.similarity C.sample D.shadow 5. The officer insisted that Michael did not follow the correct ________ in applying for a visa. A.pattern B.procedure C.programme D.perspective 6.—Can I help you with it? —I appreciate your________, but I can manage it myself. A.advice B.question C.offer D.idea 7. You'd better write down the phone number of that restaurant for future ________. A.purpose B.reference C.progress D.memory 8. He will come to understand your efforts sooner or later. It's just a matter of ________. A.luck B.value C.time D.fact 9.The Harry Potter books are quite popular; they are in great ________ in this city. A.quantity B.progress C.production D.demand 10. What's the________, in your opinion, of helping him if he doesn't make an effort to help himself? A.sympathy B.theme C.object D.point 11. The lack of eco?friendly habits among the public is thought to be a major ________ of global climate change. A.result B.cause

C.warning D.reflection 12. Anyway, I can't cheat him—it's against all my ________. A.emotions B.principles C.regulations D.opinions 13. Always remember to put such dangerous things as knives out of children's________. A.touch B.sight C.reach D.distance 14. “Tommy, run! Be quick! The house is on fire!” the mother shouted, with________ clearly in her voice. A. anger B.rudeness C.regret D.panic 15. Giving up my job to go back to full?time education was a big________, but now I know it was the best decision I have ever made. A.project B.commitment C.competition D.ambition 二、形容词辨析 1. The state?run company is required to make its accounts as________ as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money. A.transparent B.reasonable C.secure D.formal 2. This new kind of chemicals will help keep the air, soil and water________ from pollution. A.free B.empty C.loose D.short 3.—Sir, do you have any double room ________ now? —Just a moment, I will find out. A.available B.fit C.reached D.suitable 4. Keeping ________ hours does good to your________. A.common; health B.regular; health C.familiar; healthy D.usual; healthy 5. The new airport is built close to the freeway, and it is ________ by Bus No. 2. A.accessible B.available C.alternative D.abundant 6. Rome was not built in a day. You should set ________ goals and work hard to achieve them. A.alternative B.considerable C.subjective D.realistic 7. In ________Chinese culture, marriage decisions were often made by parents for their children. A.traditional B.historic C.remote D.initial 8. When we plan our vacation, mother often offers ________suggestions. A.careful B.practical C.effective D.acceptable

9. Mothers holding jobs outside the home should have ________ schedules to make it easier to care for their children. A.heavy B.smooth C.flexible D.complex 10. People have always been ________ about exactly how life on the earth began. A.curious B.excited C.anxious D.careful 11. The school was moved out of downtown as the number of students had grown too ________. A.small B.few C.large D.many 12. She has already tried her best. Please don't be too ________ about her job. A.special B.responsible C.unusual D.particular 13. The old engineer's eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled brown face and his step as he came across the room was________,though slow. A.shaky B.heavy C.casual D.steady 14. An unhappy childhood may have some negative effects on a person's characters; however, they are not always ________. A.practical B.avoidable C.permanent D.beneficial 三、副词辨析 1. On snowy days, you have to drive very________ to avoid traffic accidents. A.cautiously B.neatly C.smoothly D.properly 2.—How is the result, doctor? —Well, your health is ________ good, but you do have a few minor problems. A.normally B.frequently C.generally D.regularly 3. Do you think shopping online will ________ take the place of shopping in stores? A.especially B.frequently C.merely D.finally 4. Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of fun. Isn't it rather risky, ________? A.though B.also C.either D.too 5. It seems that living green is ________ easy and affordable. A small step makes a big difference. A.exactly B.fortunately C.surprisingly D.hardly 6. The questionnaire takes ________ ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview. A.mainly B.punctually C.approximately D.precisely

7. I can ________ be a teacher. I'm not a very patient person. A.seldom B.ever C.never D.always 8. It was a nice house, but ________ too small for a family of five. A.rarely B.fairly C.rather D.pretty 9. The incomes of skilled workers went up. ________, unskilled workers saw their earnings fall. A.Moreover B.Therefore C.Meanwhile D.Otherwise 10. In the good care of the nurses, the boy is ________ recovering from his heart operation. A.quietly B.actually C.practically D.gradually 11.—Hi, Mark. How was the musical evening? —Excellent! Alex and Andy performed ________ and they won the first prize. A.skilfully B.commonly C.willingly D.nervously 12. If a person has not had enough sleep, his actions will give him ________ during the day. A.away B.up C.in D.back 13. Running a company is not ________ a matter of hiring people—they also need to be trained. A.simply B.partly C.seriously D.equally 14. As he works in a remote area, he visits his parents only ________. A.occasionally B.anxiously C.practically D.urgently

专项限时训练(五) 一、名词辨析 1. D 考查名词词义辨析及语境理解。 expression 表达, 表情; attention 注意; satisfaction 满意;impression 印象。 2.A 根据答语后句的进一步解释“So it is my best choice.”(因此这是我最好的选择。) 可知本空指的是“英语是我的强项”。strength 意为“优势,强项”。 3.C 句意:作为一名学生,如果你能够养成对所学的东西进行反思的习惯的话,你 的表现(performance)会很棒的。operation 操作,手术;growth 增长;character 人物,角色。 均不符合语境,故排除。 4.A 定期检查眼睛看看是否有眼疾很重要,而眼疾并没有任何症状。symptom 症状; similarity 类似性,相似点; sample 样本; shadow 阴影。都与语意不符。 5.B 这位官员坚持认定 Michael 没有按照正确的程序(procedure)申请签证。pattern 模 式; programme 节目; perspective 远景。都与语意不符。 6.C 语境:谢谢你的好意,但我自己能处理这件事。offer 意为“主动提议”,符合 题意。advice 建议,劝告;question 问题;idea 想法,主意。 7.B 句意:你最好写下那家餐馆的电话号码以便日后参考用。for future reference 是 一个常用的词组搭配,表示“以供日后参考” 。 8.C 本题考查名词辨析。句意:他迟早会理解你付出的努力的,这只是个时间问题。 根据句意选 C。 9.D quantity 数量;progress 进步; production 生产;demand 需求。这里 be in great demand 意为“需求量很大,畅销”。句意: 《哈利波特》系列丛书很受欢迎,在这座城市有 很大的需求量。 10.D sympathy 同情;theme 主题;object 物体;point 意义。句意:你认为如果他 没有做出努力去帮助他自己,(那我们)去帮助他的意义是什么? 11. B 句意:公众缺乏环保习惯被认为是全球气候变化的主要原因。result 结果;cause 原因;warning 警告;reflection 反映。 12. B 句意: 不管怎样, 我都不能欺骗他——这违背我的原则。 emotion 情绪; principle 原则,准则;regulation 规定,规则;opinion 意见。根据句意选 B。 13. C 句意: 时刻记住: 像刀子这样的危险物品要放在孩子们够不着的地方。 out of touch 不联系,不接触;out of sight 看不见, 在视野之外;out of reach 够不着, 达不到;out of distance(=far away)远离。 14.D 句意:“Tommy,快跑!快点!房子着火了!”母亲大声叫喊着,嗓音里明显 地夹杂着惊慌。anger 生气;rudeness 粗鲁;regret 后悔;panic 惊慌,慌乱。根据句意选 D。 15.B 句意:当初放弃我的工作重新接受全日制的教育是个重大的决定,但是现在我 知道那是我曾经做出的最好的决定。project 项目, 计划,方案,课题;commitment 承诺, 许诺,保证;competition 比赛,竞争;ambition 抱负,雄心,野心。commitment 与后面的 decision 相呼应,故选 B。 二、形容词辨析 1.A 考查形容词的辨析。句意:这家国有企业被要求财务尽可能地做到透明,以便 公司的员工能对金钱的使用加以监督。 transparent 透明的; reasonable 合理的; secure 安全的; formal 正式的。根据句意,选 A。 2.A 考查形容词辨析。句意:这种新的化学物质将有助于使空气、土壤和水免受污 染。此处 free 表示“免于,不受??影响的”。 3 . A 考查形容词辨析。句意:“先生,现在有双人间吗?”“稍等一下,我找

找。”available 表示“可得到的,可找到的” ,符合语意。fit 表示“(大小)合适的”;suitable 表示“(样式)合适的”。均不符合语意。 4.B 考查形容词和名词的用法。do good to?中 to 为介词,后应接名词,排除 C、D 两项。common 常见的;regular 有规律的。根据题干内容可知 regular 符合题意。keep regular hours 有规律地生活,按时作息。句意:有规律地生活对健康有利。 5. A 考查形容词辨析。 accessible 可接近的, 可到达的; available 可得到的; alternative 可替代的;abundant 丰富的。句意:2 路公交车可以到达那个新建的、靠近高速路的机场。 6.D 考查形容词辨析。根据首句“罗马不是一天建成的。”可以看出这里是说“制 定目标要切合实际”,因此选择 realistic。 7.A 考查形容词辨析。 traditional 传统的;historic 有历史意义的;remote 偏远的; initial 最初的。由题意可知选 A。 8.B 本题考查形容词辨析。practical 切合实际的。句意:当我们计划我们的假日时, 妈妈常提出切合实际的建议。故 B 项为正确答案。 9.C 考查形容词辨析。句意:在外工作的母亲们应该有灵活的时间表以便照看孩子 们。表示 “灵活的”用 flexible。heavy 沉重的; smooth 光滑的; complex 复杂的, 难 懂的。 10. A 考查形容词辨析。 句意: 人们一直对于地球生命的起源感到好奇。 根据介词 about 后面宾语从句的意思, 可以确定前面表示的是“好奇”, be curious about 是 “对??感 到好奇”的意思。 11.C 考查形容词的用法。the number of 意为 “??的数量”, 其后的形容词应为 大小, 不能用多少。 又据“学校被移出了市中心”, 可知应该是学生的数量变得太大了, 故 选 C。 12.D 考查形容词的固定搭配。句意:她已经尽了最大的努力。请不要对她的工作太 挑剔了。be particular about “对??挑剔”,是固定搭配。故选 D。 13.D 考查形容词辨析。句意:这位年长的工程师,古铜色的脸上布满皱纹,但目光 炯炯。当他走过房间时,步子虽慢但是沉稳。shaky 颤抖的;heavy 沉重的;casual 漫不经心 的,马虎的;steady 稳定的。根据前面的提示,选 D。 14. C 考查形容词辨析。 句意: 不快乐的童年可能会对人的性格产生一些消极的影响。 然而,这些影响不总是持久的。practical 实际的,实用的;avoidable 可避免的;permanent 永久的,持久的;beneficial 有益的。根据语意,选择 C 项。 三、副词辨析 1.A 考查副词辨析。语意:在下雪天,你必须谨慎驾车以避免交通事故。cautiously 谨慎地;neatly 整洁地;smoothly 顺利地,平稳地,平滑地;properly 适当地。 2.C 考查副词辨析。句意:??你的健康状况总体来说是好的,但的确有些小问题。 normally 通常,正常情况下;frequently 经常; regularly 有规律地。 3.D especially 特别,尤其;frequently 经常; merely 仅仅; finally 最终。句意:你 认为网上购物最终会替代商场购物吗? 4.A 句意:在冰场上玩耍听起来很有趣。然而会不会有危险呢?前后两句之间是明 显的转折关系, 所以选择 though。 5.C exactly 准确地;fortunately 幸运地;surprisingly 惊讶地, 出乎意料地;hardly 几乎不。题意:似乎有利于环境保护的生活是出乎意料地简单可行。小小的行动能带来很大 的不同。故选 C。 6.C 这里意思是 “问卷大约需要 10 至 15 分钟完成”, 应选择 approximately “大 约地”。 mainly 主要地; punctually 准时地; precisely 精确地。

7.C 句意:我绝不会成为一名教师。因为我不是一个很有耐心的人。seldom 表示“很 少” ;ever 表示“从来,曾经,总是”;never 表示“绝不, 从来没有”;always 表示“总 是”。 8.C 只有 rather 可以与比较级以及副词 too 连用。rather 相当,有点儿;rarely 很少, 难得;fairly 公平地,公正地,正当地;pretty (adv.)相当。 9 . C 句意表示 “有技术的工人”和 “无技术的工人”两者情况的对比,故选 meanwhile “与此同时”。 10.D 根据常识可知,男孩子从手术中“逐渐”恢复,故选 gradually。 11.A 句意:“喂, 马克!音乐晚会如何?” “太棒了!亚历克斯和安迪表演得很 娴熟, 他们得了第一名。” 12.A 句意:如果一个人没有足够的睡眠的话, 那么在白天,他的行为就会(将这点) 表露出来。give away 赠送,泄露,表露;give up 放弃;give in 屈服, 让步;give back 返 还, 归还。 13.A 句意:经营一家公司不仅仅是雇用工人的问题——工人们也需要被培训。故选 A 项。 14.A occasionally 偶尔地;anxiously 焦急地;practically 实用地, 实际地;urgently 紧急地。句意:因为他在一个边远的地区工作, 所以他只能偶尔回去看望他的父母。


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