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定语从句 连句 歌词和介词+which 的练习2


一.将下列两个简单句合并成一个含有非限制性定语从句的复合句。 1. I am reading Harry Porter. It is an interesting book. → __________________________ __________________ 2. He failed in the exam. It made his parents very angr

y. → ____________________________________________ 3. He has two sons. Both of them are doctors. → ____________________________________________ 4. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase. The price of it was very reasonable. → ______________ ______________________________ 5. Last week, two persons came to see the house. Neither of them wanted to buy it.→ ___________________ _________________________ 6. I have lost the pen. My father bought it for my sixteenth birthday. → ____________________________________________ 7. Do you see the house? The windows of it face south.→ ____________________________________________ 8. He must be from Africa. It can be seen from his skin.→ _ ___________________________________________ 9. The book is worth reading. He paid 6 yuan for it. → ____________________________________________ 10. She is a teacher of much knowledge. Much can be learned from her. → ____________________________________________

That's

Why (You Go Away) ----- Sung By "Michael Learns to Rock"

Baby, won't you tell me why there is sadness in your eyes I don't wanna say goodbye to you Love is one big illusion I should try to forget but there is something left in my head You're the one who set it up Now you're the one to make it stop I'm the one whose feeling lost right now Now you want me to forget every little thing ( but there is something left in my head I won't forget the way ( ) you're kissing The feeling's so strong were lasting for so long But I'm not the man ( ) your heart is missing That's why you go away, I know

) you said

? ? 如何确定关系代词前的介词问题? 1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系,请体会: e.g. Is that the newspaper for which you often write articles? 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配,如: e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms about which I’m sure. 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯,请体会: e.g. 1949 was the year in which the P.R.C. was founded. 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。

1. I disagree with the facts ______ which your argument is based. 2. The song, ______ which he was interested, will never be heard again. 3. This is the reason ______ which he often comes to school late. 4. I will never forget the way ______ which my teacher taught me. 5. This is the hero ______ whom we are proud. 6. I want to find the very pen ______ which I wrote that letter. 7. They are the students ______ whom our teachers are thinking highly. 8. It is important to choose good friends ______ whom you can share your feelings and thoughts. 9. It will not be necessary to name the person ______ whom the card belongs. 10. I would always like to do business with those people ________ whom I can rely

定从 巩固练习:*** 1. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ______ effects the people are still suffering. A. that B. whose C. those D. what 2. Mark was a student at this universit y from 1999 to 2003, ______ he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students’ Union. A. during which time B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that time 3. I work in a business ______ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A. how B. which C. where D. that 4. The English play ______ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 5. New York, ______ I visited last year, is a nice old city. A. that B. which C. when D. in which 6. I can think of many cases ______ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn't write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where 7. George Orwell, ______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 8. ______ is reported in the newspaper, talks between the two countries are making A. It B. As C. That D. What 9. American women usually identify their best friend as someone ______ they can talk frequently. A who B. as C. about which D. with whom 10. Anyway, that evening, ______ I'll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel's place. A. when B. where C. what D. which 11. The factory ______ the students visited last week is the one ______ I have worked for thee years. A. that; which B. when; in which C. /; where D. which; that 12. The most important thing _____ we should pay attention to is the first thing ____ I have said. A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. that; that 13. The school ______ my father teaches is a world-famous one, ______was set up 100 years ago. A. where; which B. which; which C. /; where D. where; that 14. This is Mr. Smith, ______ I think has something interesting to tell you. A. who B. whom C. that D. / 15. ______ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. Th at D. What 16. ---When was the house built? ---It was built in 1949 ______ the PRC was founded. A. which B. that C. what D. when 17. He never reads anything ______ is not worth reading. A. as B. which C. who D. that

18. He has three brothers, ______ is a doctor. A. all of them B. all of whom C. none of whom D. both of them 19. The young mother saw her baby fall to the ground, ______ brought her heart to her mouth. A. it B. and that C. and which D. that 20. Is this the reason ______ he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. that B. what C. how D. why 21. The place ______ interested me most was the Gnat Wall. A. in which B. which C. where D. what 22. The Oscar is one of the film prizes ______ offered to any Chinese actor or actress so far. A. which are not B. that have not been C. that has not D. that has not been 23. I'd like a car ______ front lights are big and tuned . A. which B. that C. whose D. of which 24. You were very impolite to him, for ______ you should make an apology to him, I think, A. this B. which C. what D. that 25. The artist ______ the judge gave a prize is the teacher ______ I have been taught painting for two years. A. from whom; by whom B. to whom; who C. from whom; who D. to whom; by whom 26. For weeks the street hasn't been cleaned by the cleaners, ______ makes it very dirty. A. who B. which C. that D. this 27. Now teenagers like t o go to the fast food restaurants, ______ eating doesn’t take much time. A. which B. who C. what D. where 28. In my old school album there are some pictures of some teachers ______ can’t be found in yours. A. which B. who C. those D. they 29. Henry set up a club for football fans, ______ he invited all his friends. A. for whom B. to whom C. to which D. from which 30. His parents wouldn't let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. A. of whom B. whom C. of whose D. whose 31. The weather turned out to be very good, ______ was more than we could expect. A. when B. which C. that D. when 32. After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ______ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 33. Carol said the work would be done by October, ______ personally I doubt very much. A. it B. that C. when D. which 34. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ______, of course, made the othe rs unhappy. A. who B. which C. this D. what 35. I bought an ancient Chinese vase, ______ was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose

36. ______ has already been pointed out, grammar is not a set of dead rules. A. As B. It C. That D. Which 37. He lived in London for 3 months, during ______ time he learned some English. A. this B. which C. that D. same 38. On the wall hung a picture,______ colour is blue. A. whose B. of which C. which D. its 39. Whenever I met him, ______ wa s fairly often, I like his sweet and hopeful smile. A. what B. that C. which D. when 40. He bought a book that could give him much knowledge and ______ could help him to kill the time. A. that B. where C. which D. there 41. The boss ______ department Ms. King worked ten years ago looked down upon women. A. in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 42. Luckily, we'd brought a mad map without ______ we would have lost our wa y. A. it B. that C. this D. which 43. He made another wonderful discovery, ______ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think which is 44. This is the very bag ______ my mother bought yesterday. A. that B. who C. whom D. which 45. I think you have got to the point ______ change is needed, or you would fail A. when B. that C. where D. which 46. October 1, 1949 was the day ______ the People’s Republic of China was founded. A. which B. when C. where D. in which 47. Is this the shop ______ sells children’s clothing? A. which B. where C. in which D . what 48. Is this museum ______ they visited last month? A. that B. which C. where D. the one 49. I still remember the sitting-room ______ my mother and I used to sit in the evening. A. what B. which C. that D. where 50. She was not the woman ______ she was before. A. what B. who C. that D. where

1. 定语从句的几个基本概念: 1) 先行词:即被定语从句修饰的名次或代词,通常位于定从的前面。 2) 先行词在从句中担当成份:根据不同成份,用相应的关系代词或关系副词。 3) 关系代词:即先行词在定从中作主、宾、表、定。 作主语:指物,则用 that, which 引导,且不能省略;指人,用 that, who 引导,不省略。 作宾语:即及物动词宾语和介词宾语: 指物,用 that, which 引导,可省略; 指人,用 that, who, whom 引导,可省略。 作表语:一般指人、指物皆用 that, 可省略。 作定语:指人、指物皆用 whose,不省略。 4) 关系副词:即先行词在定从中作状语,指时间用 when, 地点用 where, 原因用 why, 亦可用介词+which 替代。 5) 非限制性定语从句:即用逗号与主句或先行词分开,用于补充说明。 (1) which: 用于指代先行词(物) ,或整个主句,不能省略。 (2) who / whom: 用于指代先行词(人) ,不能省略。 (3) all / some of + which / whom: 用于指代先行词的部分。 (4) as 为关系代词, “正如、就像”的意思, 引导定从时可置于句首、句中或句末。 注意:在非限制性定从中,不能用 that。 2. 一些特殊用法: 1) 一般只用 that 引导从句的情况: (1) 限制性定语从句中,当先行词被强调,如被 any, every, each, few, little, no, some, the only, the very 等修饰时; (2) 先行词是不定代词 all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything 等时; (3) 先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级所修饰时; (4) 先行词既有人又有物时; (5) 当句中已有 who 时,为避免重复。 2) 一般只用 which 引导从句的情况: (1) 引导非限制性定语从句,指前面的某名词或它前面的整个主句时; (2) 引导介词、介词短语提前的定语从句时; (3)当先行词为集体名词时,着眼于整体,用 which;着眼于各个成员,用 who; (4) 替代某些固定短语中的指示代词,如 this, that 等, 引导定从。 3) 由 as 引导的定语从句的几种常见情况: (1) as 引导非限制性定语从句,说明整个主句的内容,和 which 引导定语从句代替整个 句子的区别是:which 不能放在句首,而 as 则可以;在句中,as 有“正如” 、 “就象” 之意,而 which 则没有此意; (2)当先行词前有 the same,such 修饰时,或在 “so / as…as”结构中,表示“那样?? 以致” ,后用关系代词 as 引导限制性定语从句; (3) 在 such…as 结构中,as 为关系代词,替代先行词,引导的是定语从句;在 such…that 结构中,that 为连词,引导的是一个完整的结果状语从句。 4) 当 way 作先行词时,可用 that, in which 或省略引导定从 5) 当先行词为 situation, case, point, job, condition 等时,常用 where 引导定从。 6) 当先行词为 one of the +复数名词时,定从的谓动用复数动词; 当先行词为 the (only)one of the +复数名词时,定从的谓动用单数动词;


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