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示范课 名词性从句


Step 1:名词性从句的概念及分类 Step 2:连接词的使用

Step 3:高考常考点
Step 4:课堂检测 Step 5:课后小结

Underline the noun-clauses in the following passage.
The other day I got the news that

a man was sentenced for picking up a piece of rope. The story goes like this. The man in the prison asked a new comer why he was Summary :名词性从句是指在 宾语从句 sent there. The new comer answered , “I am out of luck, 句子中所起的作用相当于 I think. A few days ago I was walking in the street when I ______ 的从句,包括 _____ 从 it so I 名词 主语 saw a piece of dirty rope. I thought nobody wanted 宾语 表语 从句和 宾从 句、 _____ 从句、_____ picked it up and took it home.” “But it is not against the law that a man picks up a 同位语 _____ 从句。 piece of rope and take home!” 主语从句 “ I told you I had bad luck , didn’t I ?” the man sighed, 宾从 “ The trouble is that I didn’t notice there was an ox at the other end of that rope.” 表语从句
同位语

Step 2:连接词的使用

Task 1:探索名词性从句的考察方向

Task 2:连接词的分类和特点

1.--- Have you finished the book? --- No. I’ve read up to _____ the children discover the secret cave. A. which B. what C. that D. where
2. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was ___ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 3. As a new graduate , he doesn’t know _____ it takes to start a business here. A. how B. what C. when D. which

4.It never occurred to me _____ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if

5. Could I speak to ___ is in charge of International Sales ,please? : 名词性从句在高考中 A. who Summary B. what C. whoever D. whatever 连接词 的选择. 的考查方向 1. ________ 6. When changing lanes , 语序 a driver should use his 2.从句的__________。 turning signal to let other drivers know ____. A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering

分析划线部分的连接词在从句中有无词义, 在从句中是否充当成分,可否省略
1.That fashion differs from country to country may reflect the culture differences from one aspect. 2. I believe that he will pass the exam. 3. I don’t care whether/ if he comes or not. 4. The problem is where we should stay. 5. What matters most in learning English is enough practice.

Summary:
词 义 that Whether / if 特殊 疑问 词 连接 代词 可否省略 在动词后的宾 从中可以省略 在从句中是否 作成分

无词义 有词义

不作成分 不作成分
作成分 (主/宾/表) 作成分(状)

不可

连接 副词

有词义 不可

Step 3:高考常考点
考点一、that的省略 考点二、that 和what 考点三、whether 和if 考点四、what, whatever 和 who , whoever

考点五、同位语从句和定语从句的区别
考点六、 语序问题

考点七、it 作形式主语、形式宾语的常用句型

考点一、不可省略的that
1.That we are invited to a_____ concert this evening Summary : 1. that 在 主语 、______ 表语 、 is good news to us. 主语从句 ______ 从句以及 同位语 2.There is a feeling in me it that never know ________________________ 宾语从句中 第二个宾从和含有形宾 的 we’ll what a UFO is. 同位语从句 不可省略。 3.My decision is that all of us are to start 6 2 .that 引导主语和宾语从句时,常用 itat 作形 表语从句 o’clock tomorrow. 式主语和宾语。 4.I think it important that we help each other. 宾从 5.He said that he had finished reading this novel and that he would borrow another one..
宾从

考点二、that 和what
Summary: 1. that引导名词性从句时,只起连接 what 1.______ we can’t get seems than_____ What 无 词义,在从句中 不作 better 作用___ ________ 成分。 we have. 2.what 既有连接作用,又要在从句中做成分(作 表 That 宾 2._______ a new teacher ___语、 ___ 语、___ 语);will come to our 主 意思是: 的东西;物;话;时间;地点;人物 school is … true. 数目等不同概念 3.After five hours’ drive, they reached ______ what ★ what= something that was the place they’d been dreaming of.

4.The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at what _____ was a dangerous speed.. 5.It is known to us all that ______ the earth is round.

考点三、whether 和if 1. I don’t knowwhether/if _______ I’ll be free tomorrow. whether 2. I don’t Summary: know _______ or not I’ll be free 1.表“是否”时, 动词后的宾从 tomorrow. whether 和if 在__________ 句中可 主语 表语 同位语 以互用。 3. The question is ______ this book is worth whether 介 2.在 ______、______、______从句 writing. 以及 ____ 词后的宾语从句只能用 if 4.Send me a telegram _____ you are towhether come. whether. 5. It depends on ______ we will have enough whether 条件 如果 3.后面紧跟 or not 时,只能用______. money.4.if 还可以表示“_____”,引导 Whether 6. ______ they can do it matters little to7 us. ______ 状语从句。(如句 4和句 ) 7._______ you are not free tomorrow , I’ll go without If you.

whatever/whoever/what 等引导的 Summary : 1._____________________ 考点四、what, whatever 和 who , whoever 名词性从句不含有疑问意义,相当于名词后加一个 定语从句,而_______ who 等引导的名词性从句都含有 Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 1._________ 疑问意义。 What that 2. _______we is more time. ★ whatever need = anything ★ whoever= 3.I wonder _______ broke the window. whoanyone/the person who ★ whateverbreaks 和 whoever 还可以引导 让步 状 Whoever 4._________ the law will be _____ punished. 语从句= no matter what 和no matter who

考点五、同位语从句和定语从句的区别 Summary:1. 同位语从句一般跟在名词 判断下面从句的性质 fact, news, promise, truth, belief, 1.The suggestion that he should not go there is of thought, idea, answer, information, 同位语 great value. doubt, (______ 从句) knowledge, hope, law, opinion, 2.The that he made is of great value. plan,suggestion suggestion 后面 , 用以说明或解释前 ( ______ 从句) 定语 面的名词的内容; 3.The fact that he won the first place can’t ;be 2.that 在 同位语 ______ 从句中不充当任何成分 在 定语 同位语 从句) denied. (______ ___从句中做成分(主语、宾语、表语)。 4.The fact that he told me excited me. (______ 定语 从句)

试金石:
名词+ be + that从句

意思成立则为同位语从句

考点六、 语序问题 1.The photographs will show you ____ . A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like Summary: 名词性从句的 2.You can hardly imagine 陈述句______when 语序为 __________ 语序。 he heard the news . A. how he was excited B. how was he excited C. how excited he was D. he was how excited 3.He asked ____ for a violin. A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid

考点七、it 作形式主语、形式宾语的常用句型
it 作形式主语

★ It is well known/reported/ thought/said that… ★ It is clear/necessary/certain/true that… ★ It is a pity/a shame/an honor that… ★ It doesn’t matter whether… ★ It seems/appears that… “似乎 ” ★ It happens that… “碰巧” ★ It occurs to me that… “我突然想到…

1.It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. A. while B. that C. if D. for 2. 我们应该掌握一门外语,这是必要的。 It is necessary that we should master a foreign language. ____________________________________.

It is necessary / important /natural /strange... that sb. should do…


it 作形式宾语 ★ make /find/ feel / consider / think it + adj / n + that… / to do… ★ it 指代后面从句所叙述的内容, 常用于这些动 词后,like / dislike / love / hate / appreciate / make it…后常跟if 或when从句 1.I hate it when people laugh at the disabled . 2. I’ve got to make it clear that he told a lie. 3. I like ___ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. (2004 NMET) A. this B. that C. it D. one

一、Correct the mistakes.
What 1. That she wants to know is which dress she should buy. That he will give up his job surprises 2. He all of us. whoever 3. Give the book to who needs it badly. Whether 4. If the meeting will be held in our school is not known yet. 5.What That worried her a bit was that he couldn’t get in touch with her friend.

二、Multiple choice
1.The question is ____ the film is worth seeing. A.if B.what C.whether D.how 2.One of the men held the view ____ the book said was right. A.that what B.what that C.that D.whether 3.Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge, but I can't remember ____. A.where B.there C.which D.that 4.Energy is ____ makes things work. A.what B.everything C.something D.anything

5.The reason ____ I have to go is_____ my mother is ill in bed. A. why ; why B. why ; because C. why ; that D. that ; because 6.He doesn't think the question of ____ they are men or women is important. A. whether B. if C. which D. why 7.It was ordered that all the soldiers ____ to the front. A. should send B. must be sent C. should be sent D. must go Awater is tois Bto what C is to D. 8.Air is to us ____ fish. A. is that B. what C. which D. that


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