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2013届高三英语课本知识梳理Module3 Unit5 Canada — “The True North”


2013届高三英语课本知识梳理 Module 3

Unit5 Canada — “The True North”

热点单词

1. surround vt. & vi. 包围;围绕 (多用作及物动词,
常用被动语态) The star was surrounded by a group of

fans immediately after he entered the hall. 这个明星一进大厅就被一群歌迷围住了。 surrounding adj.

周围的;附近的(常置于名词之前做定语)
surroundings n.环境;周围的事物

(be)surrounded by 四周都是

用surround的适当形式填空

surroundings He likes to live in the (1)____________ which
is quiet and beautiful. So last month he bought a new big house in a countryside, which is (2) ___________ surrounded surrounding by many big trees. The (3) ____________ scenery is also very nice. He is very satisfied with the new

house.

2. population n. 居民;人口 Mexico City has a population of almost 20,000,000, which makes it the 2nd biggest city in the world. 墨西哥城有2000万人口,是世界第二大城市。

用法: (1)表示某地拥有人口数量; (2)问或打听某地人口数要用what,而不能用 how many或how much,有时可用how large;

用法:

(3) 表 示 “ 人 口 多 ” 常 用 a large (great)
population ; 表 示 “ 人 口 少 ” 常 用 a small population,而不用a lot of, many, much, few, little 等修饰; (4)population作主语时,若表示某地的全体人 口,谓语动词用单数;若表示部分人口,谓语动 词用复数。

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)世界人口增长越来越快。 population The world's __________ is growing faster and faster.

(2)这个城市人口超过100万。 a population of This city has _____________ more than 1,000,000. (3)中国人口众多。 The population of China ____________________ is large.

3. measure vi. & vt. 测量;衡量;判定 linkv.尺度

(长度,数量等)为…… n. 计量制;计量单位;措
施;尺寸 There's no way to measure the damage the earthquake caused.

地震造成的伤害是无法估量的。 measure up 估量
keep/observe measure 保持适度,有节制

take measure to do sth. 采取措施做……

用所给词的正确形式填空 (1)这房间有5米宽。

measures/measured The room _________________ (measure) five meters across.
(2)我们必须采取措施来保护这些河流使他们不被 污染。 measures We must take ________ (measure) to protect the rivers from being polluted.

用所给词的正确形式填空 (3)这座塔有69米高,有100多年的历史。 Measuring __________ (measure) 69 meters high, the tower has a history of over 100 years.

4. mix vt. & vi. 混合,掺和,调和;混淆,搞混 n. 混合,混乱 It must be difficult for movie stars to mix their

private and social lives together.
电影明星要同时兼顾私生活和公众生活,一 定非常不容易。 mixture n. 混合物,混合状态 mix…with…把……和……混合 mix up 混淆,弄乱,搅拌,拌和

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子

(1)人们认为过不了多久,多种国籍的混合将会 非常之大。
It is believed that before long _____________will be so great. 【答案】 the mix of nationalities

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (2)他以将中国传统音乐与西方的演奏形式和乐器 相结合而著称。 He is famous for ______ Chinese traditional music with Western forms and instrumentation. (3)许老师把我的成绩和别人的搞混了。 Miss Xu _______ my results with someone else's. 【答案】(2)mixing (3) mixed up

5. wealthy adj. 富有的,丰富的

The country is wealthy with natural resources.
该国具有丰富的自然资源。

wealth n. 财富
a wealthy land 肥沃的土地 a wealthy family富裕的家庭 a man of wealth 富人 a wealth of 许多的;大量的;丰富的

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)大约中午时分他们到达了加拿大最富有和最大 的城市——多伦多。 Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the biggest most wealthy and ____________city in Canada. (2)她有丰富的植物方面的知识。 a wealth of She has ___________knowledge about plants.

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)古时候富贵人家经常来这里定居,在这块富饶 的土地上建造精美的园林。 In the old days __________ used to settle here and built beautiful gardens ______________. 【答案】 wealthy families;on this wealthy land

6.terrify vt. 使恐怖,使……害怕;恐吓 When she remembers the scene at the time of the earthquake, she still feels terrified. 回忆起大地震时的场景,她到现在还心惊胆 战。

terror n. 恐怖,恐怖时期,恐怖行动

terrorist n. 恐怖分子
terrorism n. 恐怖主义 terrific adj. 极大的,非常的,极端的 terrified adj. 恐惧的;受惊吓的 be terrified of sb. (doing sth.)/be terrified at sth.

对……感到惊恐
at a terrific speed 以极快的速度

用terrify的适当形式填空 (1)他害怕被狗袭击。 He is _______of being attacked by the dog.

(2)全球合作在抗击恐怖主义的斗争中是至关重要的。
Global cooperation is vital in the fight against _____. (3)他简直疯狂,以极快的速度开车。 He is crazy to drive at a ______ speed. 【答案】 (1)terrified (2) terrorism (3) terrific

7. impress vt. 使某人有印象,使铭记;使意识到 My father impressed me with the importance of hard work. 我父亲使我明白了努力工作的重要性。

impression n. 印象,感觉
impressive adj. 给人印象深刻的;感人的

impress sth. on/upon sb. 使某人铭记某事物
make/leave an impression upon/on sb.=impress sb. 给某人深刻印象

根据情景,在下列空格中填入适当的单词 impressive The city of Hangzhou is really an (1) _________

place. Especially, the famous West Lake always leaves
impression quite an (2) __________ on the visitors. I was strongly impressed (3) __________ by its beauty the first time I saw it.

热点短语

1. compare A with B 把A与B作对比 The accidents caused by drunk driving have

decreased by 7% compared with that of last year.
由于酒后驾车所造成的交通事故较去年下降7%。

compare A to B 把A比喻成B? compare with / to 与……相比较

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)人们把年轻人比作早晨的太阳。 Young people _________ the sun in the morning.

(2)和许多人比起来,她确实是很幸运的。
____________, she was indeed very fortunate.

【答案】
(1)are compared to

(2) Compared with / to many people

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)今天谁看管这婴儿? Who is __________this baby today?

(4)那些钥匙由管理员持有。
The keys are ____________he caretaker.

(5)他表示坚决支持这项计划。
He declared himself strongly ________he project. 【答案】(3)in charge of (4) in the possession of

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)今天谁看管这婴儿? Who is __________this baby today?

(4)那些钥匙由管理员持有。
The keys are ____________he caretaker.

(5)他表示坚决支持这项计划。
He declared himself strongly ________he project. 【答案】 (5)in favour of /in support of

2. rather than 而 不 是 , 与 其 说 是 …… 不 如 说 是……(前后两端所连的词性是一致的) He would do farm work in the countryside rather than earn his living in big cities. 他宁愿在乡下种地也不愿在大城市谋生。

would rather do…than do…
=would do…rather than do… =would prefer to do…rather than do… 宁愿做……,而不愿做…… or rather 更确切地说

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子

(1)我宁愿在7月去,而不愿在8月去。
rather than I'd prefer to go in July __________in August. (2)这么美好的一周,你打算做什么呢? prefer to do What do you ____________ in this beautiful week?

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)她宁可收入少而做她喜欢的事情,不愿为了赚

大钱而做与兴趣不合的事。
She __________ a little and do what she likes, than acquire a great deal by working against her interest. 【答案】 would rather have

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子

(4)我宁愿你明晚不去参加汤姆的晚会。
I would rather that you ________ (not go) to Tom's party tomorrow evening.

【答案】

didn't go

3. settle down 安居;使安静,使镇静

Having drifted through several cities, he has finally settled down.
他曾经在几个城市流荡,现在终于安顿下来了。

settle on / upon 同意,决定?
settle in 迁入? settle to do sth. 决定做某事

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子

(1)他终于安下心来学习了。
looking forward to He finally _________________ to his study. (2)我们住进了新房。

object to We _________ our new home.

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)我的确必须开始认真学点东西了。

settled down I really must ___________ some study. (4)整个事情的症结是因为他忌妒。 could not settle on They ________________ the whole affair was his jealousy.

4. in the distance 在远处,在远方 Looking from the top of a hill, you can see

longstretched rivers in the distance.
站在山顶可以看到远处细细长长的河流。

at a distance 距离稍远一些

from a distance 从远方
Keep a distance! 别靠近

keep sb. at a distance 与某人保持一定距离
be distant towards sb. 对某人冷淡

a distant relative 远亲

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)我看见公共汽车从远处开来了。 in the distance I could see the bus coming _____________.

(2)这幅画隔远一点看好看一些。
at a distance The picture looks better ____________.

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)鸽子从100英里之外返回鸟巢。 The pigeon are flying home _________________ from a distance of

100 miles.
(4)史密斯先生对店里的员工很和善,但下班后便

与他们保持距离。
Mr. Smith is kind to the workers in his store, but at a distance after work he keeps them ___________.

热点句型

1. “比较级+than any other +单数名词”表最高级

英语中常用“比较级+than any other +单数

名词”或“比较级+than any of the other +复数名
词”的句型来表示最高级。其中的other是用来表 示同一比较范围内除主语以外其他的人或事物, 不可省略。如果主语不在同一范围内,可用“比 较级+than any+单数名词”的句型。

China has a larger population than any other
country in the world. 中国是世界上人口最多的国家。

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 上海比中国其他的城市大。 other city in China = of Shanghai is larger than any _____________________ the other cities in China _____________________.

2. with介宾短语作定语,“具有,带有;加上;
包括……在内”

with 还可表示原因或伴随,意为“因为,由
于;随着”等。它和它的反义词without都能接复

合宾语,即在其宾语后加上作宾语补足语的形容
词、副词或非谓语动词等。

with的用法: with+n.+adj. with+n.+介词短语 with+n.+doing

with+n.+done
with+n.+to do China is a country with splendid culture.

中国是一个拥有着灿烂文化的国度。

用所给词的正确形式填空
(1)他喜欢关着窗子睡觉。 closed He likes to sleep with windows ________ (close). (2)在那位老人的带领下,我们走出了森林。

leading With the old man ________ (lead) the way, we got
out of the forest.

用所给词的正确形式填空
(3)因为还有很多事情要做,那个可怜的男孩匆匆 离开。

With a lot of things ______ (do), the poor boy left to do
in a hurry.

用所给词的正确形式填空
(4)可惜的是,这位伟大的作家还未完成他的作品 就去世了。 It is a pity that the great writer died with his work

unfinished __________ (finish).

高考英语写作部分在语言方面的要求中有:
能尽量使用较高级词汇。英文写作中若有高级词

汇,是获取高分的重要条件之一,但如何使用高
级词汇?

1.注意使用词组、习语来代替一些单词以

增加文采。如:用catch sight of代替see,用care
nothing for代替dislike等。

2.使用一些很有“洋味”的单词。 Thank you for sharing the time with us. (用share 而不用spend)

The noise nearly drove me mad. (用drive而不用
make)

Tom had his leg broken last week. (用have his
leg broken而不用break his leg)

3.避免重复使用同一单词或短语。如:用 We have built a new classroom building beside the old one and we have also set up a library where the old one used to be. 比 用 We have built a new

classroom building beside the old one and we have
also built a library where the old one used to be. 好。

英文写作中,不同的思想内容要用不同的句 式来表达;而同一思想内容也可以用不同的句式 来表达。句式不同,表达效果也就不同。只有句 式多样化,文章才会生动有趣,充满活力。

可是,在实际写作中,初学写作的学生往往

一篇文章都是千篇一律的简单句,文章单调乏味,
毫无生气。笔者认为,恰当地使用某些方法或手

段有助于实际表达形式的多样化,增强表达效果。
下面将常用方法简单介绍如下:

1.改变句子的开头方式。不要一味地都是

主语开头, 可以把状语置于句首等。如:
(原) He was still absorbed in his work deep into

the night.
(改) Deep into the night, he was absorbed in his

work.

2.学会运用特殊句式。

省略句:If necessary, we shall send a telegram home.
倒装句:Not only did he refuse the gift, he also

severely criticized the sender.
强调句:It was at that moment that he changed his

mind.

3.学会使用复合句、分词状语、感叹句、with
的复合结构、独立主格、it句型等多种句式。如:

(原)Yesterday my father went to Tianhe Mall. He
bought us a lot of gifts. (改)Yesterday my father went to Tianhe Mall where he bought us a lot of gifts. (原)There was nothing else to do. We went home. (改)There being nothing else to do, we went home.

英语的句式是多种多样的,只要从要表达的内

容出发合理选用,文章的句式就会富于变化。在学
习写作的过程中,学生应不断练习构造各种各样的

句式,以提高语言表达能力。

按要求改写下列句子 1. The singer came out of the airport. A lot of fans followed him. He had a bunch of flowers in his hand. (1)简单句:_________________________ 【答案】

Followed by a lot of fans, the singer came out of the
the airport, with a bunch of flowers in his hand.

按要求改写下列句子

(2)并列句:_______________________
(3)复合句:_______________________

【答案】
(2)The singer came out of the airport, with a bunch of in his hand, and a lot of fans followed him. (3)The singer who was followed by a lot of fans came out of the airport, with a bunch of flowers in his hand.

按要求改写下列句子 2. My uncle lives in a small town. In the town there is a big factory. He has worked there for sixteen years.

(1)用it改写上组句子:___________________
【答案】

My uncle lives in a small town. In it there is a big
factory. He has worked there for sixteen years.

按要求改写下列句子 (2) 用复合句和并列句改写:_________________ (3)用复合句和简单句改写:__________________ (4) 用复合句改写:________________________

【答案】
(2)In the small town where my uncle lives, there is a

big factory, and he has worked there for sixteen years.

按要求改写下列句子 (2) 用复合句和并列句改写:_________________ (3)用复合句和简单句改写:__________________ (4) 用复合句改写:________________________

【答案】
(3)My uncle lives in a small town, where there is a

big factory. He has worked there for sixteen years.

按要求改写下列句子 (2) 用复合句和并列句改写:_________________ (3)用复合句和简单句改写:__________________ (4) 用复合句改写:________________________

【答案】
(4) My uncle has worked for sixteen years in a big

factory in the small town where he lives.


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