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高考英语完形填空常用短语集合★★


224054629.doc ? A a waste of money/time/… a year and a half 一年半 above all 最重要的是,首先要 according to 根据、依照 achieve one's aim/goal 实现某人的目标 achieve success 取得成功 act a part ①扮演一个角色 ②假装 act as if

假装(接从句,有虚拟语气) act the part of sb. 演……的角色 add A to B 把 A 加到 B 上 add to 增加到 add up to 总计(无被动形式) address a/the letter 写信(的地址) address sth. to sb. admit to 承认 advise (that) sb. (should) do advise sb. to do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) 为某人承担…… 劝说某人去做 给某人讲…… 浪费(金钱、时间等)

a (great/large/small) number of(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用复 A (together) with B… A 与 B 一样,……(谓语动词与 A 一致) A as well as B… A 跟 B 一样,……(谓语动词与 A 一致) A besides B… 除了 B 以外,A……(谓语动词与 A 一致) a bit of 一点(接不可数名词) a bit 一点(接形容词) a bunch of 一束、一捆 a certain 某一个(接可数名词单数) a copy of 一份(报纸等) a couple of 几个、一些、三两个(接可数名词复数) a crowd of 一群、许多 a developed country (一个)发达国家 a developing country (一个)发展中国家 a diet of healthy foods 一份营养食谱 a fallen tree 一颗倒了的树 a few moment later 一会儿、不久以后 a few pieces of advice 几点建议 a good/great deal of 大量(接不可数名词) a good/great many 大量(接可数名词复数) a great deal 许多东西 a group of 一群…… a highly-developed country 高度发达国家 a kind of sth. 一类…… a knife and fork 一副刀叉 a knowledge of 某一学科的知识 a lack of 缺乏 a large quantity of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) a large/small/great amount of 一些(接不可数名词) A like B… 像 B 一样,A……(谓语动词与 A 一致) a little bit 一点(接形容词) a little 一点(接形容词) a loaf of bread 一个面包 a lost life in a desert 鸿沟 a lot more interesting 更有趣 a lot more 许多 a lucky escape 幸运地逃脱 a narrow escape 侥幸逃脱、九死一生 a piece of advice 一条建议 a place of interest 一处名胜 a point of view 一种观点 A rather than B 与其 B,不如 A a series of 一系列的 a source of ……的一个来源 a third ①三个中的一个 ②三分之一 a total of 总计……(接数词) a type of=a variety of 一种

afford sb. sth.=afford sth. to sb. afford to do 能够去做 after a time 一段时间后 after a while 不久 after all 毕竟;终究

after that 从这以后(用一般现在时) agree on 在……达成共识 agree that… 同意……(接从句) agree to do 同意去做 agree to one's plan/suggestion 采纳某人的计划(建议) ②与…一致 ③同意、 赞同 agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis 同意某人的看法(见解) agree with sb. ①(衣服等)适合某人 agree with sb. on that point ahead of time aim at ①瞄准 事先;提前 ②追求、旨在 在那方面同意某人的意见

All but A… 除了 A 以外所有人(谓语动词与 all 一致,用复数) all kinds of 各种各样的 all of a sudden 突然(单用) all over (Europe) 整个(欧洲) all sorts of 各种各样的 all such 所有这些……(接名词用复数) all the same 仍然、依然 all the way 全程 all the year round 整年 all through the(night/year/one's life) all…not… 不都是……(部分否定) allow doing/sb. to do announce sth. to sb. announce to sb. sth. 允许(某人)做某事 向某人宣布…… 向某人宣布…… 整个……

answer for 为……负责任

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224054629.doc anyone who = whoever 任何人(引导主语从句) apart from 除……外还…… appear to do 好像…… apply for 申请 apply one's minds to 专心于 appreciate doing 感激做…… as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result of 由于…… as if 似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句) as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句) as one body 像一个人一样 as soon as is necessary 如果可能的话尽快…… as soon as 一……就……(引导时间状语从句) as though 似乎、好像 as well as ①和……一样 ②与……一样好 as well 也;一样 ask (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) ask for a leave 请假 ask sb. for advice 取得某人的建议 ask some questions of sb. 向某人提问(书面语) at a distance 有一些距离、在远处 at a great depth 在很深处 at a loss 不知所措、困惑不解 at a low/high price 价格低(高) at a low/high speed 速度很慢/快地…… at a mouthful 一口、满口 at a safe speed 以安全速度行驶 at a speed of 以……的速度行驶 at a time 一次;有时、曾经 at first blush 一瞥 at full speed 全速前进 at least 至少、最少 at least…if not more 如果不是更多,至少也…… at most 最多、至多 at one time 曾经、以前 at present 现在 at that very moment 就在那个时候 at the ball 在舞会上 at the beginning of 在……的开始 at the bottom of 在……的底部 at the cost of 以……为代价 at the crossing 在十字路口 at the invitation of sb. 应某人邀请 at the latest 最迟、最晚 at the most 最多 at the price of 以……为代价 at the risk of 冒着……的危险 at the same time 同时 at the sight of 看见 at the speed of 以……的速度 at the thought of 当……想到 at the top of the voice 用最高的声音 attempt to do 尝试去做、企图去做 attend to sth. 注意;对……关注 attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度 attract one's attention ? B 来来往往地、(前后)来回地 吸引某人注意力

back and forth

bark at (狗)向……叫 be (good) value for money ……值钱 be able to do 能够……、有能力…… be about to do when be about to do be absent from 就要做某事时,突然…… 准备做……(不接时间状语,表示将来) 不在、缺席

be absorbed in 沉迷于……、迷恋于…… be active in 在……活跃 be admitted into universities be afraid of doing be afraid of sth./sb. 被大学录取 担心某事会发生 害怕某人(物)

be afraid that… 恐怕…… be afraid to do 不敢去做 和……一起 在……是专家 be after sth./sb. 找…… be along with

be an expert on/in/at sth.

be angry at sth. 对某事感到生气 be angry with sb./sth. 对某人(物)感到生气 be anxious about be anxious for sth. be anxious to do 为……感到焦虑 急切地要…… 急切去做…… 在吃早/午/晚饭

be ashamed of 感到羞耻、惭愧 be at breakfast/lunch/supper be at the same level be aware of sth. 知道 be away from 离……远 be based on 以……为基础、以……为根据 be better off 境况好 be blind in one eye be blind to 一只眼睛失明、独眼龙 对……视而不见 忙着…… 在同一水平上

be busy doing

be busy with 忙着…… be careful 小心 be caught in 被困住 be concerned about 关心 be connected with ……与……有联系

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224054629.doc be content to do 甘愿做某事、愿意做某事 be content with be crowded with 对……满足 挤满了 be joined to 与……连接 be keen on 喜欢 be kind for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事(对人)有好处 be kind of sb. 某人好 be known for 因为……而出名 be known to sb. 在……中出名 be lacking in 缺乏 be longing for 盼望去做…… be longing to do 盼望去做…… be lost ……不见了 be lost in sight 看不见 be lost in thought 陷入沉思 be made from 由……(加工)制成 be made into 制成、加工成 be made of 由……(直接)制成 be made up of ……由……组成 be marked with be measured in 被标上 以……来衡量

be dangerous ……(对……)构成威胁、是危险的 be deaf to 对……听而不闻、充耳不闻 be disappointed in sth. 对某事(物)失望 be disappointed with sb./sth. 对……失望 be doing when 正要做某事时,突然…… be doing 表达某种语气、感情,如喜爱.赞美.厌恶.痛恨.批判等 be done away with 结束、结果 be dressed in 穿…… be due to do 预计……会怎样 be due to sth. 由于、应归于 be dying for 渴望 be dying to do 急切去做…… be eager to do 盼望去做…… be engaged in 忙于、致力于 be engaged to 与……订婚 be equal to 与……相等 be expert in/at doing 擅长于…… be famous as 作为……而出名 be famous for 因为……而出名 be famous to sb. 在……中出名 be favourable to 有助于、有利于 be fit for sth. 适合…… be fond of 爱好…… be friendly/kind/polite to sb. be going to do 即将做…… be gone ……不见了 be good on sb. 对某人好 be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻、为难某人 be harmful to 对……有害 be honoured for sth. ……因为……受尊敬 be in (the) majority 占大多数,处于多数 be in business 营业 be in danger 处于危险之中 be in darkness 在黑暗之中(无光,用于指状态) be in disorder 没有秩序、乱 be in earnest 急迫、急切 be in good order 有秩序、整洁 be in great need 最需要 be in hospital 住院 be in low/high spirits 情绪低落/高昂 受某人管 be in poor health 身体不好 be in/under one's charge be in/under the charge of sb. 受某人管 be introduced into ……被引进 对某人友好

be missing ……不见了 be mixed with sth. 用……混合 be not in agreement ……是不同的 be nothing more than be of different be of the same size/colour/weight/age/shape 尺寸/颜色/重量/ 年龄/形状相同 sizes/colours/weights/ages/shapes 尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状不 同 be of great/no help/value/importance/use to sb. 对某人(没)有很 be of the same kind 同一类 be of this kind be off 离开 be on a visit from sp. 从某地来访问 be on a visit to sp. 正游览、参观某地 be on business be on diet 节食 be on duty 值日、上班 be on fire 着火 be on holiday/vacation 在度假 be on sale 待售、拍卖 be on show 展览;上映 be on strike 罢工 be on the march be out of fashion 正在游行、正在行军 过时、不流行 因公(办事等) 属于这一类 大(帮助等) 只不过是

be out of order 没有秩序、乱 be out of reach ①够不着 ②无能为力 be out of work 失业 在……中流行

be popular among sb.

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224054629.doc be popular with sb. 在……中流行 be prepared for 为……作准备(接抽象事物) be present at (the meeting) 参加(会议) be proud of 以……自豪 be put to a new use 被用在了新的用途上 be ready for 准备好做…… be ready to do 准备好做…… be recognised as 被认作是 be reduced by 降低了……(接数字、百分数) be related to 与……有联系 be responsble for 为……负责任 be rich in 在……丰富 be satisfied with 对……满意 be senior to 比……大 be set in 以……为背景 be short of 缺少 be shown into sp. 被带到某地 be spun into thread 被纺成线 be strict in sth. 对某事严格要求 be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求 be successful in doing sth. 做……成功 be suitable for 适合 be sure(certain) to do… 确信做某事(祈使句) be tired from sth./doing (身体上)劳累、疲劳 be tired of sth./doing be tired out 筋疲力尽 be to blame (应该)受责备 be to do 准备做…… be trapped by (the fire) 被(火)围困 be treated as 把……当作……对待 be under construction 建设中 be unwilling to do 不愿去做 be up to ①高达、达到 ②达到境界、进入角色 ③从事、忙于 be well received 接受效果好、广泛接受 be willing to do 盼望去做…… be worried about 为……担心 be worth doing 值得…… be worth sth. 值多少 be worthy of 值得 be/become known as 作为……而出名 把某人打得鼻青脸肿 be/become widely accepted 被广泛的接受 beat sb. black and blue beat sb. on the head 碰某人的头 beat sb. to death 打死某人 beat sth. flat 把……压平 become a success 成功 become separated 分开 厌倦…… before all 尤其、特别 before long 不久后,没过多久(常用于将来时、一般过去时) = soon after = shortly after long before begin with 早在很久之前 以……开始

believe in ①信赖、信任 ②信奉、信仰 belong to sb. 属于 benefit from beyond reach 从……获取利益、好处 够不着;找不到、消失 在海外

beyond that 除了那个以外 beyond the sea black tea 红茶 blood bank 血站、血库 blow away 吹走 both of sb. 两个人都…… both…not… 不都是……(部分否定) break away from 脱离 break down (1)分解;破裂 (2)(汽车)抛锚 break in 打断……的话 break into pieces 打(破)成碎片 break off 折断、中断、罢工 break one's promise/words 破坏某人的诺言、食言 break out 分裂、爆发 break the record 打破纪录 break the rules 违反规则 break up 分解 bring about 带来、造成 bring down 使……下降 bring in 引进 bring on 引起、导致 bring sth. to one's notice bring up 抚育、养育 build up 建立 burn down 烧毁 把……烧毁 使某人注意…… black out 昏迷、神志不清;停止、中断

burn sth. to the ground burn up 消耗 burst in 闯进、闯入 burst into flames

突然着火 突然放声大哭/笑 爆发;突然 商业理念

burst into tears/laughter burst out doing business sense by chance 偶然 by degrees by far 逐渐地 至今为止

by and by 不久以后、很快的

by means of 通过……的办法

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224054629.doc by occasionally by ones and twos 偶然的 三三两两地、零零落落地 come along 进展、进行 come at 袭击、向……打击 come away come back 按公斤/吨算 脱离、掉下 ①回来 ②醒过来

by oneself 独自地、独立地、单独地 by the end 在……以前 by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year 按.......算 by the kilogramme/ton by the way 顺便说一下 by this means 用这种方法 by weight/length/volume ? C 打的 ②邀请 按重量/长度/容量算 by the time 一段时间前(引导时间状语从句)

come down 下降 come forth 向前 come into being 形成、产生、存在(无被动) come into effect 生效、启用 come off 脱离、掉下 come on ①加油 come right 直接 come round 转身 come to ①把注意力转向…… ②到来 come to an end 消亡、灭亡、分裂 引起某人的注意 ②进展 come out ①产生、出现 ②被知道 ③出版、发行④结局、结果

call a taxi

call at sp. 拜访某地 call for ①要求 call in sb. 派人去请 call on sb. to do… 号召某人做某事 call on sb. 拜访某人 call one's attention to sth. 让某人引起对……的注意 call to mind 想起 call up sb. ①使……想起 ②给……打电话 calm down 镇定下来 can't help doing 情不自禁地…… can't resist doing 不能抗拒做…… carry about 携带、随身带 carry away 冲垮;拿走 carry forward 发展、发扬 carry off 抢走、夺走 carry on 进行、继续 carry out one's promise 遵守某人的诺言 carry out 实行 carry with 进行、继续 catch a cold 感冒 catch fire 着火 catch in 被……困住、绊住 catch one's attention 吸引了……的注意 catch sight of 看到…… caught by the… 抓到某人的……(身体部位) cause sb. to be in such a state change A for change into 变成 clear away 收拾走、清除 ②解决 clear out 把……请出去 clear up ①天晴 climb over 翻越 close to 靠近某地 come about 发生 come across 偶然遇见 导致某人到这样的地步 B 用 B 替换 A

come to one's notice 掌权

come to oneself 苏醒、恢复知觉 come to power come true 成为现实 ②发生 ③产生 ④(问题...)被提出(无被动)

come up ①上升 come up to 过来

come upon 偶然遇见 command (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) compare A to B 把 A 比作 B compare A with B 把 A 与 B 作比较 compare notes 交换意见 祝贺……(取得……的成绩) compared with/to A, B… 与 A 相比,B……(B 不用比较级) congratulate sb./sth. (on sth.) congratulations on sth. ……的祝贺 connect A to B 连接 A 与 B(单方面) connect A with B 连接 A 与 B(两方面) consider sb. to have done consider sb./sth. to be/as consider sth./doing consist of 由……组成 content oneself with sth. 对……满意 continue doing 一直做(同一件事) continue to do 继续做(下一件事) continue with sth. 继续做某事 contribute sth. to sth. 为……贡献…… convert sth. into sth. could have done 把……转变成…… 本来做不成的(却做成了)(虚拟语气) 本来能做成的(却没做成)(虚拟语气) 指望、依靠 认为某人做了某事 把……看作

考虑(做)……

couldn't have done count on/upon count sth. at 当作

cover sth./sb. with sth. 用……盖住…… cover the events 报道事件

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224054629.doc cross out 除去、勾销 crowd off 挤出 cry out 喊出去 cure sb. of 治好某人的(病) cut away 切下;逃跑 cut down 砍倒;缩减 cut off 切断 cut one's hair short 把……头发剪短 cut out 切下;删除 cut ...in half=cut...into halves=cut ...into two parts 切成两半 cut up 割开;切碎 ? D daily goods 日用品 dance around 到处跳 dance to the music 伴着音乐跳舞 dare to do 敢于…… date back to 起源于、追溯到 date from 起源于、追溯到 day after day 日复一日 day and night 一天到晚 day by day 逐日 deal in 经营 deal with 处理、对待 declare sb./sth. to be adj./n. 宣称 …是……(接形容词或名词) deep into the night 熬夜 delay doing/sth. 推迟…… demand (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) demand sth. of/from sb. 向某人要求…… demand to do 要求去做 depend on/upon 取决于、依赖于、依靠 describe sth. to sb. 将……描述给(讲给)…… despise of sb. 看不起 determine sb. to do 使某人下决心做某事 determine to do 下决心做某事 develop a habit 养成习惯 develop an interest in sth. 表现出对……的兴趣 develop films 制作电影 把……奉献给…… dislike doing/sb./sth. dive off 从……跳水 divide sth. by sth. ……除以…… divide sth. into do a good deed 将……分成 做好事 损害 对……有好处(坏处) 研究…… 一寸不让 不喜欢……

do away with 废除 do damage to

do good/harm to sb./sth. do not give in an inch

do research on/in/about/into sth. do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙

do sb. good/harm 对某人有好处(坏处) do sb. the favour to do/of doing do sth. alone 自己、靠自己 do sth. at the right time do sth. by hand do sth. by turns 在合适的时候做某事 手工制作(常用被动) 轮流做……、依次做…… 做……为了取乐 有目的地做 ②收拾整理 使(产量等)成倍增长 深呼吸 下结论 ②引诱 吸引某人注意力 帮某人忙做……

do sth. deep/far into the night 熬夜 do sth. for fun do sth. in good faith 诚实地…… do sth. on purpose 处理 do up ①系上、扣上 do with

double one's output draw a deep breath draw conclusions draw in ①(车)进站

draw one's attention 草拟、拟定

draw quick interest 获得快捷利润 draw up dream of sth./doing 梦想 drink to 为……干杯 drive sb. to tears 使某人哭 drop in at sp. 拜访某地 drop in on sb. 拜访某人 ? E eager for 渴望 early bird 早起者、早到者 earn one's living 谋生 收回某人(说过)的话 easy-going 随和、平易近人 eat one's words eat up 吃光 either A or B 是 A 或者是 B(谓语动词就近一致) encourage sb. to do sth. end up with 以……结束 enter for 报名参加 escape being done 逃避被…… 命令某人去做 阻碍某人做某事 鼓励某人做……

devote sth./oneself to sth./doing 平息、变弱、逐渐消失

die away (气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、变弱 die down die from 死于(空气污染、过度劳累、事故等) die of grief/cold/hungry/old age/… (悲伤、寒冷、饥饿、老等) die out 灭绝;死光、死绝 dig out 挖出 direct sb. to do 指导、要求某人去做 direct that sb. should do

discourage sb. from sth./doing

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224054629.doc escape doing sth. 逃避做…… escape from sp. 从……逃离 ever lasting 永不停止的、永远的 every one of sb./sth. ……中的每一个 every other…=every two… 每两个…… except for 除了(用于两种不同的事物) expect sb. to do 期望某人…… expect sth. to be done 期望某事被…… expect to be/do 期望会…… explain sth. to sb.=explain to sb. sth. export to ? F face-to-face 面对面的(作定语) 向……出口 向某人解释…… fire at 向……开火 fire escape 火灾安全出口 fire out ①消沉、一蹶不振 fire up 火冒三丈、发火 first aid 急救 first of all 首先 fit club 健身俱乐部 fix a time/date for sth./doing 确定……的日期 fix a time/date to do fix A to B 确定日期做某事 把 A 固定在 B 上 ②开除、解雇

fix one's attention on sth. 把某人的注意力集中到……上 fix one's eyes on sth. 目不转睛、凝视、把注意力集中在……上 fix sb. sth.=fix sth. for sb.为……准备…… float off 漂浮 fly over (从上面)飞越 fold up 折叠起来 follow one's advice on follow the rules 听从……的建议 遵守规则 哄骗某人做某事 由于(政治)原因

face to face 面对面(作状语) fail to do 失败、未做成 fall asleep 睡着了 fall behind 落后 fall ill 生病 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 fall off 掉下

fool about/around 游手好闲、闲荡 fool sb. into doing sth. for (political) reasons for a while 一段时间 for ages 很久 for example 例如 for fear that 担心 for free 免费的 用……喂养 for God's sake 看在上帝的面上 for good 永久地、一劳永逸地 for instance 例如 for one thing 首先 for one's sake 为……起见 for oneself 为了自己 for sale 准备出售 for the first time 第一次 禁止某人做某事 for the sake of 为……起见 forbid sb. to do force oneself to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 force sb. to do 强迫某人做…… foreign affairs 外交事务、外事、外务 form a habit 养成习惯 frankly speaking 坦白地说 free from 没有、免除 from a great distance 远距离 from cover to cover 从头到尾 from door to door 一家挨着一家 from side to side from that time on 左右摇摆 从那时起

fall to pieces 消亡、灭亡、分裂、崩溃 far and near 远近、到处、四面八方 far and wide 广泛地 far more interesting 更有趣 far more 许多 fast asleep 熟睡 feed on sth. 以……为食 feed sb./sth. with/on sth. feel alone 感到孤单 feel like doing…/sth. 喜爱(做)…… feel lonely 感到孤单 feel one's way 摸索着前进 feel out 探索某人的意图 feel sb. on the head 摸某人的头 feel terrible/well 感觉不舒服/感觉很好 few such mistakes 这么少的错误 fight against 与……作斗争、与……交战 fight back 回击 fight for sth. 为了……而斗争 figure on 指望、计划、打算 figure out ①解决 fill with 充满 find out 找出、查明 find sb./sth. do 发现……做过…… find sb./sth. doing 发现……正在…… find sb./sth. done 发现……被…… finish off 结束、完成 ②计算出来、合计出 feed sth. to sb./sth. 把……喂养给……

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224054629.doc from the beginning 从一开始 from time to time 时常、经常 ? G gain in 获得 generally speaking 一般来说 get across 通过、越过、穿过 get along (well) with get caught in 遇到 get close to sth./sb. 与……接近 get down to sth./doing 开始去做…… get good from sth. 从……中得到好处 get hold of 把握住;抓住 get hurt 受伤了 get in touch with get in 进入 get into ①坐进(轿车、出租车等) ②陷入(某种状态)之中 get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 get it settled 确定 get married 结婚(强调动作) get off ①下车 ②脱下 get on (well) with sb./sth. 与某人(事、物)相处(得好) get on the right track get over 恢复、克服 get paid ……被付钱、得钱、挣钱 get ready for sth. 准备好…… get rid of 去除 get sb. to do/doing/done get separated 分开 get sth. on ……有某事 get sth. ready for 为……作准备 get tired of sth./doing 感到厌倦 get through ①接通(电话) ②通过(考试) ③完成(工作、任务) ④通过(议案、计划) ⑤消息传到…… get to know sb. (刚刚)认识某人 get to 够得着 get together 聚会 get up to one's feet 站起来 get word 得到消息 get worse 越来越坏了 give a birth to a baby 生小孩 give a hand 帮助 give a promise 许下诺言 give A sth. for B 把为 B 准备的……给 A give a talk 做报告;做演讲 give a thought to sb./sth. 想象、思考 让某人…… 走上正轨 与……取得联系 ①与某人相处(得好) ②进展(顺利) get broken/get burnt/changed 弄坏了/烧坏了/换衣服 give an order for sth. give away 订购……

把……送出去

give back 送回去、拿回去 give birth to 生产、生育 give in 屈服、投降、让步(不及物) give off 散发、发出(气味、光线、声音) give one's love/wishes/regards to sb. give over 交托、停止、放弃 give sb. a lift 搭车 give sb. a message 给(收信人)留/传个信 give sb. advice on sth./how to do 给某人……的建议 give sb. sth. 把……给某人 give sth. away 把……送出去 放弃 登飞机/船 给某人的(问候等) give out ①发出(气味、光线、声音) ②用尽 ③精疲力尽

give up sth./doing

give way to 让位给…… go aboard a plane/ship go abroad 出国 go after 追逐、追求 go against 违背 Go ahead. (口语)鼓励某人做某事、去做吧 go all the way back to the time of 起源于 go by 经过 go down 下降、减弱 痴迷于……,为……疯狂 go in for 从事、投身于 go mad about sth./doing go missing 不见、丢失 go off ①离去 go off duty 下班 go on a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 go on board 登(船、飞机) go out 出去;(灯火)熄灭 go over to 到……去 go over 温习、复习;检查 go through ①穿过 ②仔细察看 ③经历 go to sp. for a holiday 到……度假 go up to 上到……上 go up 上升、增强 go with ①和……一起去 ②(颜色、款式等)搭配 Good luck with your trip. 祝你一路顺风。 good manner 好方法 good manners 有礼貌 从……毕业 good-for-nothing 没有用 graduate from grow out of 从……产生、由……而来 grow rich 变得富有 guess sb. to be 猜测某人是…… ②变质

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224054629.doc ? H 刚刚做完某事,突然…… hold one's head high 高昂着头

had done sth. when… hand in 上交 hand out 发出去 hand over

hold out ①伸出(手) ②支持、坚持、维持 hold the record hold to 坚持 hold up ①阻挡 honestly speaking ②使……停顿 说句实话 ③抬起 保持纪录

hand down 继承、传下去

递交、转交、移交 还没…就… (部分倒装句式,前倒后不倒) 高度评价

hang up 挂断(电话) Hardly…when… have a great effect on 对……有很大的影响(效果) have a high opinion of have a rest 休息 have a seat 坐下 have a short memory 记性不好 have a talk with sb. 跟某人谈话 have a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 have a word with sb. 跟某人谈话 have an effect on sb. 对……有影响(效果) have difficulty/trouble (in) doing/sth. have on 穿着…… have one's attention 让某人注意 让某人…… 某人随身带……(常指财务等) have one's exam 某人考试 have sb. do/doing/done have sth. on ……有某事 have sth. on/with/about sb. have sth. to do with sb./sth. 与……有关系 have the habit of doing 有做……的习惯 have trouble with sth. 做……有麻烦 have words with sb. 与某人吵架、口角 …has a population of… …人口数量是…… head back 调头 hear about sth./sb. (through sb.) (通过某人)听说…… hear from 收到……的来信 hear of sth./sb. 听说…… hear sb./sth. do 听说……做过…… hear sb./sth. doing 听说……在…… hear sb./sth. done 听说……被…… hear the concert 听音乐会 heavy smoker 瘾君子(专指吸烟) help sb. out 帮助某人 hit sb. on the… 打着某人的(身体部位) hold a position 处于……(位置、地位) hold back ①阻止、阻挡 ②缩回来 hold down 阻止;压制 hold for questioning 被审讯 hold on ①别挂断(电话) ②坚持 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 做……有困难 have a problem with sth. 在……有问题

how to do it 怎么去做(作宾语) humour sense 幽默感 hundreds of thousands of hunt for 寻找 hurry off 快点走 ? I 我(不)怀疑……(接宾语从句) I (don't) doubt that/if/whether… 成千上万的(加可数名词复数)

I can't speak too high of him. 我已经无法用语言形容了。 I suppose sb. be doing sth.. I wonder whether/how… if any 如果有 if not more 如果不是更多 if not 如果不 I'm afraid that… 我害怕……(接宾语从句) I'm satisfied that… 我满足……(接宾语从句) I'm sure that… 我确定……(接宾语从句) imagine (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做某事 imagine sb./sth. to be imagine that 假想…… in (good) order 秩序井然、有序 in a high/low voice 高(低)声说话 在一百年时间里 假想……成为…… 我想你应该在做……。 我想知道……

in a hundred years' time in a time 一段时间后 in a while 一会儿

in a word 一句话、简而言之 in addition 另外 in advance 提前、事先 in all 总计;一共 in ancient times 古代 in astonishment 究竟 in case of 在……的时候、要是 in case 以防万一、在……情况下 in charge of 管理 in comfort 舒适 in common with in despair 绝望 in disapproval in fact 实际上 in favour of 喜爱 in front of 在……前面 反对、不赞成 与……一样 in common 有共同点

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224054629.doc in future 从今以后 in general 一般来说 in honour of 为了纪念……;为了欢迎…… in hopes of doing 带着……的期望 in many ways 在不同方面 当今 in memory of 纪念…… in modern times in one's (fifties) 在某人(50 多岁)时 in one's absence 在某人不在的时候 in one's judgement/pinion 某人认为…… in one's search for 某人寻找…… in one's spare time 在某人的空闲时间 in one's way 挡某人的路 in order to do 为了…… in other words 换句话说 in pain 处于痛苦中 in particular 特别地 in person 亲自 in place of 代替 in place 在适当位置上 in practice 在实践中 in praise of sb. 为了赞颂……、为了表扬…… in reach 够得着 in return 回报 in search of 寻找…… in silence 沉默地、不作声地 in space 在太空 in spite of doing/sth. 尽管 in that case 如果那样的话 in that 因为、在……方面说 in the (1870)'s/(1870)s 在(19)世纪(70)年代 in the beginning 在开始 in the case of sth./sb. 某人(事)的情况 in the dark 在暗处(光线弱,用于指地点) in the direction of 向……方向 in the distance 在远方、在远处 in the early days 早期 在接下来的几年里 in the fields of sth. 在……领域 in the following years in the front of 在……内的最前面 in the future 在未来;在将来 in the hope of doing 带着……的期望 in the hospital 在医院里 in the last hour 在最后几个小时里(用于现在完成时) in the old days 过去的时候 在最后(十)年里(用于现在完成时) in the sand 在沙子里 in the shade 在树阴下 in the years that followed in the years to come in time 及时 in total 总计;一共 increase by 增加 insist (that) sb. (should) do 坚持要某人做某事(虚拟语气) insist on doing/sth. 坚持…… insist that… 坚持说、坚持主张 intend for 为……准备 intend to do 打算去做 invite sb. to sp. 邀请……到…… It appears/appeared (to sb.) that… 对某人来说好像…… It is (high) time (that) sb. did/should do 是该做…的时候了(虚) It is A not B… 是 A 不是 B(谓语动词与 A 一致) It is a pleasure to do… 很高兴做某事 It is believed that… 人们相信…… It is better to do…than to do… (后者)比(前者)好 It is certain that… ……是确定无疑的 It is hoped that… 人们希望…… It is important that… ……重要 It is known that… 人们知道…… It is likely that… ……有可能……(可能性一般) It is necessary that… ……有必要 It is no use/good doing… 做……没有用 It is no wonder that… ……毫无疑问。/……是确定无疑的。 It is not any use/good doing… 做……没有用 It is one's turn to do sth. 轮到某人做…… It is polite/impolite to do…. ……(不)礼貌。 It is possible that… ……有可能……(可能性最小) It is probable that… ……有可能……(可能性最大) It is reported that… It is suggested that… 据报道…… 人们建议…… 我们可以推出结论…… It is said that… 人们说…… It is tempting to conclude that… in this way 用这种方法 在接下来的几年里 在未来几年里

It is thought that… 人们认为…… It is up to sb.(to do) It is useless doing… 由某人来决定 做……没有用

It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句 (强调句型) It is+adj.+of sb. =sb. is adj. 某人怎么样 It is+n.+for sb. to do sth.=To do sth. is n. for sb. 做...对...是... It makes no difference. 没有什么区别。 It occurred to sb. that… 某人忽然意识到…… It seems that… 看起来…… It seems to sb.… 在某人看来……

in the past (ten) years

in the same way 用相同的方法

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224054629.doc It seems/looks/sounds as if/though… 看起来(听起来)好像… It so happened that… 偶然地、碰巧 It turned out that… 好像……(接主语从句) ? J join in 参加(大型活动) join sb. in 参加……(接名词,表示活动) judge by/from 以……来判断…… judging by/from…,… 从……判断,…… jump with joy 高兴地跳起来 ? K keep (sb./sth.) away from 阻止、远离 keep a certain distance away 保持一定距离 keep a strict eye on sb./sth. 密切地关注…… keep as a young man 年轻时候 keep back ①阻止、阻挡、使……后退 ②扣留、保留 keep fit 保持身体健康 keep good hours 保持良好的生活节奏 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep off 使……离开 keep on doing sth. 持续做某事 keep one's promise/words 遵守某人的诺言 keep out 使……不进入 keep quiet 保持安静 keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 keep sb. from doing sth. keep silent 保持沉默 keep sth. in check 阻止、防止、阻碍 keep the record 保持纪录 keep the rules 遵守规则 keep up 维持、保持(精神状态) key points 要点 kiss each other goodbye/hello knock down 绊倒 knock into sb. 撞见、突然碰见 knock over 撞翻 knock sb./sth. off… 把某人(物)从……撞掉 knock sth. into sth. 敲进…… knock sth. out of sth. 从……中敲出来 know about sb. 认识(听说过)某人 ? L labour force 劳动力 land on its legs 用脚着地 land on 降落 lantern festival 元宵节(灯笼节) laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 laugh sb. off one's fears 使某人发笑来减轻恐惧 与某人亲吻再见/问好 knock at/on the door/window 敲门、窗 阻止某人做某事 lay the person on his/her back lead a simple life 朴素地生活 lead to 引起、导致、带来 leave for sp. 到某地 leave sb. alone leave sb. doing 把……留下 使人处于某种状态 把……留给…… 把一个人仰卧平放在某处

leave sth. to chance ……靠运气、……听天由命 leave sth. to sb./sth. let in 让……进来 let sb. down 让……失望 lie around 闲置、到处都是 lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于 lie on ①与……接壤 lie on one's back lie still 一直躺着 lie to 与……接壤或接近 light up 放光芒、放光彩 like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生) like to do 愿意做(特指某一次) line up to 满足……的要求 listen for 等着听(钟声、节目等) live a simple life 朴素地生活 住在两个分离的房间里 ②(城市)位于(河、湖、海边) 仰卧着 leave the hotel by (the nearest exit) 从(最近的出口)离开宾馆

live in separate rooms live on sth. 以……为生 load with 承载、负担 long before

很久以前(常用于一般过去时、过去完成时) 贱视、鄙视、看不起 向前看 期待

look by 旁观 look down upon look for ahead

look for=look in 寻找 look forward(s) to doing/sth. look into 调查研究 look on sb./sth. as look out. 小心。 look over ①检查②视察 look sb./sth. up and down 仔细打量…… look through 浏览 lose heart 失去信心 lose one's life/lives 丧命 lose one's sight 失明 迷路 lose one's temper 发脾气 lose one's way lose touch with 与……失去联系 lose weight 减少体重 ? M make (good) use of (正确地)使用 把……当作

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224054629.doc make a (phone) call 打电话 make a choice 作出选择 make a decision 下决心 make a fire 生火 make a fool of oneself 出丑、丢脸 make a fresh start 作出一个新的开始 make a fun of sb. 对某人开玩笑 make a good effort 作出很大的努力 make a hit 受……欢迎 make a part in 在……起作用 make a plan for 为……制订计划 make a promise 许下诺言 make a search for 寻找 make a trip (因公)旅行 make an effort to do 努力去做 make arrangements 做安排 make contributions to sth./doing make ends meet oneself make for 朝……冲去 make no answer 不回答 make noise 发出噪音 make one's living (by doing) (以……)谋生 make one's way 开辟道路 make out 辨认出 make progress 取得进步 make room for sb. 给某人留个地方 make sb./sth. do/done/adj./n. 使 …… 、让…… make sense of sth. 使……变得明确 make sth. into sth. 把……变成…… make sth. out of sth. 用……做…… make sth. to one's own measure 按某人身材做(衣服等) make sth./sp. the base for sth. 把……作为……的基地 make sure(certain) that… 确信……(祈使句) make up①编造②和好③凑足(钱).使…完整④构成、组成⑤打扮 make up one's mind (to do) 下决心(去做) make use of sth. 使用、利用……去做某事 manage to do 设法做成…… man-made project/satellite 人造工程/卫星 many a 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数) many happy returns of the day 每天都快乐 marry A to B 把 A 嫁(娶)给 B may/might have done 可能做完了(某事) mean doing 意味着…… mean that 意味着……(接从句) mean to do 打算…… meet one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求 meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求 为……做出贡献 维持生计 meet the standard of 满足……的要求 meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 middle ages 中世纪 mix A with B 用 B 与 A 混合 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数) mix sb. up sth. 把某人卷入某事中 more than one move around 绕着……来回转 much interesting 更有趣 much less expensive 更便宜 much too 太(接形容词) must have done 一定做完了(某事) 一定在……(对正在发生的情况推测) ②符合、迎合、契合 mention sth. to sb. =mention to sb. sth.向某人提起……

must/might be doing

must/might have been doing 一定是一直在…(对发生在过去,现 在仍在进行的情况进行推测) ? N name out 说出 name plate 标牌、胸卡 named after 以……命名 natural gift 天赋 need doing/to be done need have done 需要(被)…… 本来用做的(却没做)(虚拟语气) 本来不用做的(却做了)(虚拟语气)

need sb. to do 需要某人去做…… needn't have done neither A nor B 既不是 A 也不是 B(谓语动词就近一致) next to 紧挨着、靠近 与……一样差

no better than

no later than 不迟于 no longer 不再(表动作或状态) no matter how = however 不管、不论(引导让步状语从句) 不管什么时候(引导让步状语从句) 不管在哪里(引导让步状语从句) no matter what = whatever 不管什么(引导让步状语从句) no matter when = whenever no matter where = wherever no matter who = whoever no more 不再(表次数) no more…that… 两者都不…… No sooner…than… 一…就… (部分倒装句式, 前句倒后句不倒) no wonder 怪不得、难怪 nobody but A…除了 A 以外没有人(谓语动词与 nobody 一致, 单) nod to 向……点头 not a bit 一点也不 Not A but B… 不是 A 而是 B……(谓语动词与 B 一致) not a little 很、非常 not all=not both 不都 not any longer 不再(表动作或状态) not any more 不再(表次数)

不管谁(引导让步状语从句)

no more than ①两者都不…… ②只有、仅

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224054629.doc Not only A but (also) B… 不但 A, 而且 B…(谓语动词与 B 一致) Not only…, but also…不仅…而且…(部分倒装句式, 前倒后不倒) Not until…did… 直到…才… (部分倒装句式,前不倒后倒) not…at all =not…in the least 一点也不 not…other than 没有……,除了…… nothing but/except 除了……没有别的 notice sb./sth. do 注意……做过…… notice sb./sth. doing 注意……正在…… notice sb./sth. done 注意……被…… now and then 有时;不时地 now that ? O 遵守规则 既然(引导原因状语从句) once again=once more 再次、又一次 once in a while 偶尔、有时 once upon a time 很久以前 one after another 一个接一个 one and a half years 一年半 one another 互相、彼此 one day 某一天 one person in ten 十个人中有一个 十个人中有一个 某人对……的态度

one person out of ten

one such+n. 这样一个……(名词用单数) one's attitude to/towards sth. one-sided view 片面的看法 only to find 结果却发现 only/but/all too pleased/happy/thankful to do 做…太....了 operate on sb. 给某人做手术 operation on sp. opposite direction 在某位置动手术 相反方向

obey the rules

object to sth./doing 反对、不赞成 of one's own 属于某人自己的 of oneself 自动地、自己就…… of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/important/…+to sb.对某人.. offer (sb.) money for sth. 出价、买 offer (sb.) sth. for money 要价、卖 offer sb. sth= offer sth. to sb.提供……给某人 offer to do 提出要做…… Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 on (the) television on average 平均 on condition that 以……为条件 On doing……,…… 一……就……(后接从句) on earth ①在地球上 on one's feet 走路 on one's own 自己、靠自己 on one's way to sp. 在某人去……的路上 on purpose 故意的、特意的 on sale 正在出售 on the (west) coast of some country 在某国(西)海岸 on the contrary 相反 on the earth 在地球上 on the edge of 在……的边缘 on the left 在左边 on the other side 另一边 on the radio 从收音机里 on the right 在右边 on the sands 在沙滩上 on the two sides 两边 on the whole 整体上 on time 准时、按时 once a while 有时、偶尔 ②究竟 on one's arrival 在某人抵达的路上 从电视上 on arrival 一到那里

or rather 或者说、更进一步说 order (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) ought not to have done ought to have done 不应该做(却做了) 应该做(却没做) 够不着 某人够不到 一次又一次、再三

out of breath 上气不接下气 out of one's reach out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放 out of the reach of sb. over and over again over the radio over the years

从收音机里 这几年里

owe one's success to sb. 把某人的成功归功于别人 owe one's thanks to sb. 感谢某人 owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物 owe sth. to sb. 把……归于…… ? P 继承、传下去 给(收信人)留/传个信 pass away 病故、病逝 pass down

pass on a message to sb. pass on 传递 pass the exam 考试及格

pay attention to sth./doing 对……注意 pay a visit to sp. 游览、参观某地 pay back the money 还钱 pay money for sth. 付……的钱 pay off the money/debt pay one's way 还清钱/债务 允许(某人)做某事 付……的路费

permit doing/sb. to do 私事

persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见 personal affairs

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224054629.doc persuade sb. (not) to do persuade sb. into doing pick on 挑选;挑剔 pick out 挑选 pick up ①捡起②接收(广播等)③接某人④学会⑤挑选⑥购买 plan a bicycle trip 计划一次自行车旅行 plan to do 计划做…… play a joke with sb.=play a trick on sb. 对某人开玩笑 play a part in 在……起作用 play against sb. 与……比赛 play on words 语言游戏 play the part of sb. 演……的角色 plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) pocket money 零用钱、零花钱 point at 指……(人)(有不礼貌的含义) point of view 观点 point out 指出 point to 指向…… pour in 倾倒 power failure 停电 practise sth./doing 练习…… prefer doing… to doing… prefer sb. to do… 比起做(后者)宁愿做(前者) 想让某人去做…… 说服某人(不)去做 说服某人去做 put down ①写下、记下 ②伤心 put forward 提出、传出 put off ①推迟 put on airs ②去除 忘乎所以、飘飘然

persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人不去做

put on performances 演出 put on weight 增加体重 put on 穿、戴 put one's heart into 用心于……、专心于…… put out the fire 扑灭火 把某人关进监狱 将电话接到…… 麻烦某人做某事

put sb. in/into prison put sb. through to sb. put sb. to death

打死…… 投入(运用于)实践 ②张贴 ③留某人住

put sb. to the trouble of doing put sth. into/in practice put up ①搭建、 put up with 忍受 ? Q 建立 put through 使……通过、完成

quantities of 大量(接可数、不可数名词,谓语动词用复数) quite a few=quite a lot of 许多 ? R rain drop 雨滴 raise a cheer 发出欢呼 raise a question 提出问题 range from sth. to sth. 包括从……到…… reach an agreement 达成共识 read between the lines 体会字里行间的意思 read for sb. 给某人读 read one's thoughts 读懂某人(的心思) read sb. sth. 给某人读…… read sth. to sb. 给某人读…… read through 浏览、看完 read well 读得好 receive (his doctor's) degree 获得(博士)学位 reduce sb./sth. to sth./doing refer to ①指的是 refer to sth. as 把……看作 当作、认为 使……沦落为、降格为 保护……免于 ②指到、说到、提及、谈到

prefer sth. to sth. (前者)比起(后者)更好 prefer to do… 比起……更愿意…… prefer to do…rather than do… 比起……更愿意…… prepare oneself for 为……作准备(接抽象事物) pretend to be doing 假装正在做…… pretend to do 假装…… prevent sb./sth. from doing 阻止……做某事 promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事 promise sb. sth. 把……借给某人 promise sth. to sb. 把……借给某人 propose (that) sb. (should) do prove sb. to be 证实某人…… provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供…… provide sth. to sb. 为某人提供…… pull on 匆忙穿上 purified water 纯净水 push over 推倒 put a question 提出问题 put a stop to sth. 停止、结束…… put a tax on sth. 设……税 put aside 放一边、置之不理 put away ①收拾、整理 ②打消……(念头) 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

protect sb./sth. from being done/sth.

regard sb./sth. as

regret doing 悔恨做过…… regret to do 后悔去…… rely on sb. 依赖某人 remain in business 继续营业 身体不好 让某人记住某人

remain in poor health remember doing

想起来做过

remember sb. to sb.

remember to do 想起来该做 remind sb. of sth./sb. 让某人想起……、提醒某人……

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224054629.doc remind sb. that 提醒某人…… reply that… 回答说 reply to 答复 report sth. to sb. 向某人汇报…… report to sb. sth. 向某人汇报…… request (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) require (that) sb. (should) do require doing/to be done rest room 厕所 result from 由于 result in 导致 return sth. to sb. 把……归还…… return to normal 复原 return to sp. 回到…… right away 马上、立刻 right now 马上、立刻 ring back 回电话 ring off 挂断(电话) rob sb. of sth. 抢某人的…… rot away 腐烂 round the clock 昼夜地 run about =run around 到处跑 run at a speed of sth. 以……的速度前进 run at top speed 全速前进 run in 追捕 run off 跑开、跑掉 run out of sth. ……用光了 run out 用尽 run short 短缺 rush hour 交通拥挤时间 ? S 满足某人的需求 safe and sound 安然无恙 satisfy one's needs/demands/requirements save sth. for 节约、节省 say hello to sb. 向某人问好 say to oneself 心里想 sb. be determined to do 下决心去…… sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓励…… sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对……熟悉 sb. be forced to do 某人被强迫…… sb. be likely to do 很可能…… sb. be married to sb. 与……结婚 sb. be not oneself 某人状态不好 sb. be pleased to do…/at doing… sb. be said to do 某人将要…… 很高兴…… sb. be pleased with sth. 对……感到高兴、满意 require to do sth. 请求…… 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) 要求(被)…… sb. be supplied with sth. 某人被提供…… sb. be supposed to do 某人应该去做 sb. be supposed to have done 某人本来应该做(却没做) sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 某人对做某事有把握 sb. be sure/certain to do 某人一定会做…… sb. be thought of/as ……被当作 sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应…… sb. be wanted on the phone 某人打来电话 sb. do so/such…as to do 某人做得……是为了…… sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以……结束…… 习惯于……、适应 sb. find sth. (hard) to do 某人发现(很难)做某事 sb. get used to doing/sth. sb. happen to do 某人恰好做某事 某人对……不容怀疑

sb. have been married for (3 years) ……已经结婚(3 年)了 sb. have no doubt that… sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚饭吃…… sb. knock oneself against sth. 某人撞到……上 sb. need sth. done 某人需要某事物被做 某人好像做(完)某事

sb. seems to do/to have done sb. used to do 过去常常 sb. wonder if/whether… sb. would prefer to do…

某人想知道是否…… 宁愿去做

Scarcely…when…还没…就…(部分倒装句式,前倒后不倒) scores of (people) 一群(人) search for sb./sth. 寻找…… search sp. for sb./sth. seat oneself 坐在…… see about 考虑 see around 四处看、环顾 see New Year in 等待新年到来(单用) see off ①送行 检查 看见某人坐在那儿 看见某人坐在那儿 看见某人做…… ②发出邀请 see out 把……送出去 see over 在……寻找……

see sb. seated there see sb. sitting there see to 负责、照料 seek for 寻找 seek the sun 赶潮流 seem to be+n./adj. self-trust 自信 sell well 卖得好 ①派遣 退还

see sb./sth. do/doing/done

好像……

seem to do… 好像……

send away send back

②开除、解雇 ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人

send for ①派人去请 send in 请进、领进

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224054629.doc send off ①送行 ②寄信 ③发出邀请 给某人的…… So long. (口语)再见。 so that 以便(接从句) so…that… 太……以致……(接从句) solve the problem 解决问题 some day 某一天 some one 某个人/物 some time 一段时间 some times 几次 需要以下东西 someone else's (book) 别人的(书) something as follows sooner or later 迟早 speak highly of sb. 高度评价某人、夸耀某人 speak in a high/low voice 大(小)声说话 speak into the telephone 通电话 speed up 加速 spend time in doing spit out 吐出 stand for 代表、表示 stand still 一直站着 stare at 盯着 start a fire 生火 start doing 开始(继续)做(刚做过的事) start for sp. 到某地 start to do 开始做(另一件事) stay silent 保持沉默 stay still 一直呆着 stay up 挺立;熬夜 step by step 一步一步地 step into 走到……(内部) step onto 走到……(表面) sth. be being built ……正在建设 sth. be beyond question 毫无疑问 sth. be considered (to be) ……被……看作 sth. be familiar to sb. 某人对……熟悉 sth. be in question ……在考虑范围之内 sth. be on sale ……正被出售 sth. be out of question 毫无疑问 某物被提供给…… ②误认为…… sth. be out of the question 不可能的、不合情理的 sth. be supplied to sb. sth. be taken for ①被当作、被看作 sth. be to the taste sth. be used as ……被当作 sth. be used for ……被用作 sth. be used to do ……被用来做 sth. closed with sth. 以……结束…… sth. cost sb. some money ……花某人多少钱 在做……上花费时间(doing 为现在分词) spend time on sth./doing 在……上花费时间(doing 为动名词)

send one's love/wishes/regards send round/around 传递、传阅 send up 使……上升;发射

send out ①派出 ②发出(气味、光线、声音等) ③寄出 ④发芽

sentence sb. to death 判某人死刑(常用被动) separate A from B 将 A 和 B 分开 set a good example to sb. 给某人树立了好榜样 set about doing 开始去做 set aside 放一边、置之不理 set fire to sth. 给……放火 set in 局限于 set off for sp. 到某地 set out for sp. 出发去某地 set out to do 开始去做 set phrases 固定短语 set sb. free 把……释放 set up a record 创立纪录 set up for sp. 到某地 set up 建立组织(团体、机构等) settle down 定居、安居 settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来 settle the problem 解决问题 shake hands with sb. 与……握手 share sth. with sb. 与某人共享 shift round the clock 倒班、轮换值班 shock the whole world 震惊全世界 shoot at 朝……射击,瞄准 should have done 应该做(却没做)(虚拟语气) shouldn't have done 不应该做(却做了)(虚拟语气) shout at sb. 向某人喊(有不礼貌的含义) shout to sb. 向某人喊 show (sb.) around 带某人参观 show (sb.) in 带进、领进 show (sb.) out 带出、领出 show off 夸耀、显示 show one's respect to sb. 向某人表达敬意、尊敬某人 since then 从此以后(用现在完成时) sing high praise for 高度评价 slip out 悄悄地溜出去 smooth away 摆脱、去除 so as to do 为了…… So far as I know/see,… 据我所知,…… so far 至今为止 so few mistakes 这么少的错误 So it is/was with sb.. 是这样。(用于指某人具有两方面不同情况) So it is/was. ……是这样。

适合……的口味、品味

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224054629.doc sth. determine sb. to do ……使某人下决心做某事 sth. do/does/did not help ……不起作用 sth. had not done…when 某事还没做多久时…… sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事 sth. last sb. some time 维持多长时间 sth. stand on end 直立、挺立 stick in 陷进……、困入…… stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决定、计划、诺言);粘上 stop doing 停止做某事 stop sb./sth. (from) doing 阻止……做某事 store up 贮藏、储藏 strictly speaking 严格地说 strike a match 划一根火柴 struggle against 与……作斗争、与……交战 struggle for sth. 为了……而斗争 struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 struggle with 与……作斗争、与……交战 succeed in doing sth. 做……成功 such as 就像、比如 suffer from 遭受 suggest (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) suggest doing…/sth. 建议(做)…… suggest sth. to sb. 建议某人做某事 suggest that… 表明、暗示 suggest to sb. sth. 建议某人做某事 suit his act to the needs of the....使他的行为适合...的要求 supply sb. with sth. 将……供应给…… supply sth. to sb. 将……供应给…… suppose sb. to be 猜想某人会…… suppose sb. to do 猜想某人会做…… suppose that… 猜想…… swim to sp. 向……游 switch off 切断(电源开关等) ? T 从(湖)的对面搭一艘船 take (an active) part in (积极地)参加 take a boat from across the (lake) take a deep breath 深呼吸 take a message for sb. 为(发信人)留个信 take a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传个信 take a rest 休息 take a seat 坐下 take a taxi 找出租车、打的 ②追赶(美国英语) 再吃两粒药 take a trip (因私)旅行 take after ①长得像 take along 携带 take another two pills take around 带人参观 take aside 把人带到一边 take away 拿走 ②退缩 take back ①拿回 take care 小心 take control of 控制 take down ①写下、记下 ②拿下 ②收留 ③吸入、拿进来 ②掉以轻心 take from 从……取得 take in ①欺骗 take it easy ①别紧张、放松 采取措施

take it for granted that… 认为……是理所当然的 take measures take no notice of 没有注意 take notes 做记录 ②脱下 ③离开 ②雇佣 ③承担(工作) take notice that 把……列入考虑、对……注意 take off ①起飞 take office 就职 take on ①呈现、显现 take one's attention 吸引某人注意

take one's exam 某人考试 take one's leave 离开 take one's time 不着急、慢慢来 take out (of sp.) (从……)拿出 take over ①继承 ②接管 给……拍照片

take photographs of sb./sth. take place 发生 take pride in 以……自豪

take pity/mercy on sb./sth. 怜悯(可怜)……

take sb. up to sp. 带某人去某地 take sb./sth. seriously 认真对待…… take sides in 参加、参与 take sides with 站在……一边 ②误认为…… take sth. as 把……看作 take sth. for ①当作、看作 take sth. for granted 认为……是理所当然的 把……做例子

take sth./sb. for ①把……当作(看作) ②误认为……是 take sth./sb./doing for example take the place of 取代、代替 take this street/road take to ①喜爱 走这条街(路) 轮流做…… 轮流做…… ④从事 ②养成(某种恶习)

take turns at doing take turns to do sth.

take two more pills 再吃两粒药 take up ①占据(时间、空间) ②拿起 ③跟着别人说 talk of 谈到 talk to oneself 自己对自己说 talking of 谈起、谈到 tear oneself away from 爱不释手

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224054629.doc tell lies/a lie 说谎 tell the difference between A and B 区分 A 和 B 的不同 tend to do 倾向 tens of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数) than before 比以前 than usual 比平时 thanks for 多亏了 thanks to 幸亏、由于 That is (to say),… 也就是说,…… the answer/key to the question 问题的答案 the attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度 the ban on sth./doing ……的禁令 the cost of living 生活的花费 the damage to 对……的毁坏 the entrance to sp. ……的入口 the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从句) the first+n.+to do 第一次做 the key to doing 解决……的关键 the key to the door 门钥匙 the last sentence but one 倒数第二句 the level of the sea 海平面 the lines of the play 戏剧的台词 the majority of....大多数的…(接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数) the majority 大多数人(谓语动词单复数均可) the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从句) the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从句) the more…, the more… 越……, 越……(more 指形容词比较级) the number of the …的数量(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用单数) the other day (不久前)有一天 the other 另一个(有范围) the others 其余全部(有范围) the reason for sth. ……的原因 The reason why…is that… the rest of 剩下的 the road to sp. 到……的路 the same as 与……一样 the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从句) the students' union 学生会 the talk 话题 the two of sb. 两个人都…… the very thing 就是那个东西 the way to sp. ……的路 …times as big as ……是……几倍大 …times the size of ……是……几倍大 There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问……/……是确定无疑的。 There is no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要…… There is no need to do… 没有必要…… 之所以……是因为…… There is no point in doing sth. 做……没有意义 There is no trouble in doing…. 做……没有困难。 There seem(s) to be… 看起来…… There used to be… 过去曾经有…… There's no need for sb. to do…. think about 考虑 think highly of 高度评价、夸耀 think of sb. as 把……当作 ①想到 ②考虑 对某人没有必要做某事

think of sth./sb./doing think over 仔细想

think sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj. through the street 穿街过巷 throughout the world throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 tie A to B 把 A 绑到 B 上 time and time again 全世界

认为某人(物)……

think well of sb. 对……评价很高

一次又一次

time to do 是做……的时候了 to do what 怎么去做(作主语) to one's joy/delight to one's surprise to oneself 对自己 to tell the truth 说句实话 令人高兴 令……高兴的是…… 令……惊奇的是……

to the joy/delight of sb.

too many 太多(接可数名词复数) too much ①太多(接不可数名词) ②太多的事(作主语) track down 侦察、追察 trade in sth. 进行、从事……贸易 trade sth. for sth. 为了获得……而出卖…… trade sth. with sb. 与某人交易…… 对待……好像……(有虚拟语气形式) translate…into… 将(一种语言)翻译成(另一种语言) treat sb./sth. as if/though treat sth. as 把……看作 trust in 信仰(宗教等) try doing 尝试去做 try one's best to do 尽某人最大的努力做…… try one's fortune 试运气 try to do 努力去做 turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见、熟视无睹 turn a deaf ear to 对……听而不闻、置若罔闻 turn against 背叛 turn away 转身 turn down ①调小声 turn for the worse turn into 变成 turn off 关闭 ②拒绝 越来越坏了

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224054629.doc turn on 打开 turn out (to be)+adj./n. 结果是 turn out 出来 turn over 翻动、翻转 turn sth. into 把……变成 turn to sb. (for help) 向某人求助 turn to 把(注意力)转向…… turn up ①调大声 ②出现 two shoe stores 两家鞋店 two women doctors 两个女医生 ? U under control 受控制 under management 受控制 under one's direction under the pressure until recently 直到最近 upside down 颠倒着(作状语) use up 用尽 Used sb. to do sth.? 某人过去常常做……吗? using ability 使用的能力 ? W wait for sb. (to do) 等待某人(做……) wake up 叫醒、唤醒 want doing/to be done 想要(被)…… 警告某人不要做…… want sb. to do 想让某人去做 warn sb. not/never to do wash away (水)冲走 wash out 冲洗干净 wash well 洗得好 Watch out. 小心 water closet 厕所 wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人握手问好/道别 wave sb. hello/goodbye way of life wear out 生活方式 ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋疲力尽 与某人握手问好/道别 warn sb. of sth. 向某人发出对……的警报 在某人的指导下 在压力之下 whether … or … 不管 Why don't you do…? 为什么不……? Why not do…? 为什么不……? win a majority 赢得大多数的(承认、同意、支持等) wind one's way 蜿蜒前行、迂回前进 把……缠绕在……上 上(钟表的)发条

wind sth. around sth. wind the clock/watch wipe out 杀光

wish for sth. 希望得到…… wish sb. n./adj. 希望某人…… wish sb. to do 希望某人做…… wish that 希望(虚拟语气) wish to do 希望做…… with great care 小心翼翼 with this method 用这种方法 within reach 够得着 wonder at/about 对……感到惊讶、疑虑 wonder to do 惊奇地……、对……感到惊奇 wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道…… Word came, that… ……消息传来了。 work at sp. 在……工作 work on sth. 进行……工作 worry about 担心 worse still 更糟糕的是 …(money) worth of sth. would like sb. to do …价值… (接数词) 想让某人去做

would prefer to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事 would rather sb. did… 更愿意让某人做…… would rather to do than do write articles for sth. 与其做某事不如做某事 给……写文章

write articles on (many subjects) 写有关(许多学科)的文章 write down 写下、记下 write sth. for a newspaper 给报纸写文章 ? Y year after year 年复一年(不变) year by year 逐年(有变化) You'd better do sth. 你最好做……。 You've got to. 你非做不可。

What a shame to do sth.! ……多么令人感到可耻! What did sb. use to do? 某人过去常常做什么? What do you mean by the sentence? 你这句话什么意思? What the hell is that! 什么鬼地方!什么玩意儿! What time is it by your watch? what to do 怎么去做(作宾语) What's going on? 正在发生什么事? what's more 更多的是;另外 What's the population of sp.? ……人口是多少? What's up? 发生了什么事? when and where 何时何地(谓语动词用单数) 你的表几点钟了?

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