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M4U3 grammar


Book4 unit3

Grammar
V-ing作补语、表语和定语

Lead-in

astonishing (astonish) that 1. You may find it ________ Chaplin was taught to sing as soon as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk. 2. His subtle _________(act) made everything acting ________(entertain). entertaining 3. He grew more and more popular as his charming ______ (charm) character, the little tramp, became known throughout the world. 4. The acting is so convincing _________(convince) that it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted!

动词-ing 形式作表语
1. Seeing is believing. 2. The film is very interesting.
1.表示 抽象 的一般性的行为,用来说

明 主语 的内容。 2.表示主语的某种 性质 通常用作 形容词 。

和 特征



动词-ing 形式作定语

1.表示名词的 属性

或 作用及用途 。

drinking water = water for drinking 饮用水 a walking stick = a stick for walking 手杖 a reading room = a room for reading 阅览室 a writing desk = a desk for writing 写字台

2. 表示所修饰名词的 动作 或 状态 相当于一个 定语从句 。



1).They lived in a room facing the street. = They lived in a room that faces the street.

2).The man standing there is Peter’s father. = The man who is standing there is Peter’s father.

3. -ing形式短语也可以用作 非限制性 , 定语从句 它与句子其他部分用 逗号 分开。 His brother, working as a teacher, lives in Beijing.

= His brother, who is working as a teacher, lives Beijing.

动词-ing 形式作宾语补足语

能用-ing形式作宾语补足语的几类动词: 心理状态 的动词, 常见的有see, 1)表示 感觉 和 hear, feel, smell, find, notice, observe, look at, listen to等。 1.We saw a light burning in the window. 2.I felt somebody patting me on the shoulder. 3.Can you smell anything burning? 4.Listen to the birds singing. 5.I didn’t notice him waiting.

注意: see, hear, feel, watch等动词之后用-ing形式

和动词不定式作宾语补足语的区别:
前者表示动作正在进行, 而后者表示 (或强调) 动作从开始到结束的全过程。

I saw a boy getting on the bus. 表示动作正在进行。 I saw a boy get on the bus. 表示动作完成了。

2) 表示指使意义 的动词, 常见的有 have, set,

keep, get, catch, leave等。
I won’t have you doing that. This set me thinking.

I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.
I can’t get the clock going again.

You won’t catch me doing that again.

practicing
? 完成金榜P37 相关练习

Summary
? 动词-ing 形式作表语 1.表示 的一般性的行为,用来说明 的内容。 2.表示主语的某种 和 ,通常用作 。 ? 动词-ing 形式作定语 1.表示名词的 或 。 2. 表示所修饰名词的 或 ,相当于一 个 。

3. -ing形式短语也可以用作 它与句子其他部分用 分开。

,

? 动词-ing 形式作宾语补足语 1.表示 和 的动词, 常见的有 see, hear, feel, smell, find, notice, observe, look at, listen to等。 ? 注意: see, hear, feel, watch等动词之后用ing形式和动词不定式作宾语补足语的区 别:前者表示动作正在进行, 而后者表示 (或强调) 动作从开始到结束的全过程。 2. 表示 的动词, 常见的有 have, set, ? keep, get, catch, leave等。


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