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2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练(四)(新课标·广东专用) 说明文型完形填空 Word版含解析


专题限时训练(四) [说明文型完形填空] (限时:每篇 15 分钟)

A Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks __1__ than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out

more __2__ than we realize. In fact, nonverbal (非言语) communication takes up about 50% of what we really __3__. And body language is particularly __4__ when we attempt to communicate across cultures. Indeed, what is called body language is so much a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings occur as a result of it. __5__ , different societies treat the distance between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having __6__ contact (接触) even with friends, and certainly not with __7__. People from Latin American countries, on the other hand, touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in __8__ , it may look like a Latino is __9__ a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving __10__. The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep __11__ —which the Latino will in return regard as coldness. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people __12__. And only a part of it is in the words themselves. And when parties are from __13__ cultures, there's a strong possibility of __14__. But whatever the situation, the best advice is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be __15__. 1.A.straighter B.louder C.harder D.further 2.A.sounds B.invitations C.feelings D.messages 3.A.hope B.receive C.discover D.mean 4.A.immediate B.misleading C.important D.difficult 5.A.For example B.Thus C.However D.In short 6.A.eye B.verbal C.bodily D.telephone 7.A.strangers B.relatives C.neighbours D.enemies 8.A.trouble B.conversation C.silence D.experiment 9.A.disturbing B.helping C.guiding D.following 10.A.closer B.faster C.farther D.slower 11.A.stepping forward B.going on C.backing away D.coming out 12.A.talk B.travel

C.laugh D.think 13.A.different B.European C.Latino D.rich 14.A.curiosity B.excitement C.misunderstanding D.nervousness 15.A.noticed B.treated C.respected D.pleased B UK households are cutting back on spending at the fastest rate since 1980. This is __1__ to the worst economic slowdown in three decades. Figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) showed __2__ spending fell by 1.2% in the first three months of the year. People spent less on housing, household goods and services, __3__ those who went on holiday abroad also spent __4__ less. Consumers tightened their belts in the face of job losses, pay __5__ or freezes and sharply reduced city bonuses. The figures __6__ employees' compensation(补偿金) falling by 1.1% in the quarter, the largest fall __7__ records began in 1955. Wages and salaries declined, with lower bonus payments in the financial sector than normal, while __8__ also fell. The data was __9__ as part of the ONS's latest assessment of the UK economy, which __10__ that gross domestic product (GDP) shrank by 1.9% in the first quarter, its sharpest decline since 1979. GDP stood 4.1% __11__ than a year ago, the biggest annual fall since 1980. “The breakdown of first?quarter GDP gives a pretty __12__ picture of weakness right across the __13__ in the early months of this year,” said Jonathan Loynes of Capital Economics. “With key parts like household spending and investment set to fall considerably further in __14__ to the weakness in the housing market, the labour market and bank lending, we __15__ unconvinced that recent ‘green shoots’ will translate into a return to decent growth next year.” 1. A.submitting B.resorting C.contributing D.extending 2.A.personnel B.consumer C.folk D.client 3. A.while B.although C.because D.but 4. A.instantly B.simultaneously C.significantly D.actively 5. A.dives B.pauses C.halts D.cuts 6. A.calculated B.accumulated C.expressed D.showed 7. A.since B.when C.as D.until 8. A.competition B.employment C.achievement D.attraction

9. A.released B.relieved C.related D.relaxed 10. A.promoted B.justified C.confirmed D.advocated 11. A.poorer B.slimmer C.weaker D.lower 12. A.amazing B.depressing C.surprising D.puzzling 13. A.economy B.finance C.business D.commerce 14. A.opposition B.response C.regard D.contrast 15. A.remain B.prove C.feel D.maintain C For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work, they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: a neverending flood of words. In __1__ a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend __2__ can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are __3__ readers. Most of us develop poor reading __4__ at an early age, and never get over them. The main deficiency __5__ in the actual stuff of language itself—words. Taken individually, words have __6__ meaning until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. __7__, however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing to __8__ words or passages. The tendency to look back over what you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading. Another habit which __9__ down the speed of reading is vocalization—sounding each word either orally or mentally as one reads. To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an __10__, which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set at a slightly faster rate __11__ the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him.The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, __12__ word?by?word reading, regression and subvocalization, practically impossible. At first comprehension is sacrificed for speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, __13__ your comprehension will improve. Many people have found their reading skill drastically improved after some training. __14__ Charlce Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute before the training, now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute. He is delighted that how he can __15__ a lot more reading material in a short period of time. 1. A.applying B.doing C.offering D.getting 2. A.quickly B.easily C.roughly D.decidedly 3. A.good B.curious C.poor D.urgent 4. A.trainings B.habits

C.situations D.customs 5. A.lies B.combines C.touches D.involves 6. A.some B.a lot of C.little D.dull 7. A.Fortunately B.Actually C.Logically D.Unfortunately 8. A.reuse B.reread C.rewrite D.recite 9. A.scales B.cuts C.slows D.measures 10. A.accelerator B.actor C.amplifier D.observer 11. A.then B.as C.beyond D.than 12. A.enabling B.leading C.making D.indicating 13. A.but B.nor C.or D.for 14. A.Treat B.Take C.Make D.Consider 15. A.refer to B.go over C.set about D.get through

专题限时训练(四) A 【要点综述】 本文是一篇说明文。作者认为身势语比言辞更有效,但身势语却常常被 人们忽略。在进行跨文化交流的过程中,身势语尤为重要。作者以拉丁美洲人和挪威人为例 进行了阐述。最后作者指出,不管什么情况,最好的建议是:对待别人像你希望被对待的那 样。(你想别人怎么对待你,你就怎样对待别人。) 1.B 身势语比语言表达的意思更响亮、更清楚。此处 louder 意为“声音更大,更有 说服力”。如:Facts speak louder than words.(事实胜于雄辩。) 2.D 据专家称,我们的身体发出比我们意识到的更多的信息。sound 声音;invitation 邀请;feeling 感觉;message 信息。 3.D 实际上,非言语交际约占据了我们真正想表达的意思的 50%的分量。hope 希望; receive 接收;discover 发现;mean 意思是。 4. C 当我们进行跨文化交流时, 身势语显得尤为重要。 immediate 立刻的; misleading 误导的;important 重要的;difficult 困难的。 5.A 下文中以拉丁美洲人和挪威人为例,说明不同的社会群体对待距离的态度是不 同的。 6.C 即使是朋友,北欧人通常也不喜欢身体的接触,当然更不用说陌生人了。eye 眼 睛,眼神;verbal 言辞的; bodily 身体的;telephone 电话。 7. A 即使是朋友, 北欧人也通常不喜欢身体的接触, 当然更不用说陌生人了。 stranger 陌生人;relative 亲戚;neighbour 邻居;enemy 敌人。 8 . B 在对话过程中,拉丁美洲人跟着挪威人满屋子转是可能的。 trouble 麻烦; conversation 对话; silence 沉默;experiment 实验。 9. D 在对话过程中, 拉丁美洲人跟着挪威人满屋子转是可能的。 此处 follow 意为“跟 着??走”。 10.A 拉丁美洲人靠得更近以示友好。 11.C 挪威人将不断地后退。step forward 前进; go on 继续;back away 后退;come out 出来。 12.A 很显然,当人们谈话时,许多东西都在进行。 13.A 当我们的伙伴来自于不同的文化背景时,产生误解的可能性就会很大。 14.C 15.B 不管什么样的情景,最好的建议是遵守这样的黄金规则:对待别人像你希望被 对待的那样。(你想别人怎样对待你,你就怎样对待别人。) B 【要点综述】 本文讲述了经济危机导致居民消费开支产生了自 1980 以来的最大幅度的 下滑这一现象。 1.C 这促成了近三十年来最严重的经济下滑。submit to 服从;resort to 求助,诉诸; contribute to 有助于,促进;extend to 延伸到。 2.B consumer spending 表示“消费性支出”。 3.A 上半句说人们在住房、日用品及服务上的支出减少了,下半句说出国度假的人 花费也减少了, 由此可见前后分句是并列的关系, 所以用 while。 although 表示让步; because 表示原因;but 表示转折。 4.C instantly 立即,马上;simultaneously 同时地;significantly 显著地,重要地; actively 积极地,活跃地。不难看出这里是说出国度假的人花费也明显减少了,因此 选 significantly。

5.D pay cuts 表示“减薪”,pay freezes 表示“工资冻结”。dive 潜水;halt 停止; pause 暂停,间歇。 6.D calculate 计算;accumulate 积累;express 表达;show 表明。这里表示“数据 表明”,故选择 D 项。 7.A since 表示“从??以来”,上文提到员工们的补偿金本季度下降了 1.1%,这 个下降的幅度是自 1955 年有记录以来最大的,所以用 since。 8.B competition 竞争;employment 就业;achievement 成就,成绩;attraction 吸引, 吸引力。伴随着工资的下降,竞争肯定越来越激烈,失业的人也就越来越多,所以就业率就 会下降。 9.A release 发布,释放;relieve 解除,减轻;relate 联系,叙述;relax 放松。这里 release 表示“发布”。 句意: 这份数据是作为英国国家统计局这个组织对英国经济评估报告 的一部分来对外发布的。 10.C promote 促进,提升;justify 证明??是合法的;confirm 确认,证实;advocate 提倡,主张。句意:这份数据证实了第一季度国内生产总值下降了 1.9%这一事实。 11.D 从后半句“the biggest annual fall since 1980”可以得出 GDP 肯定是比去年降低了 4.1%,所以用 lower。poor 贫穷的;slim 苗条的;weak 虚弱的。 12.B amazing 令人惊异的;depressing 令人沮丧的;surprising 令人惊讶的;puzzling 令人费解的。 13.A economy 经济;finance 财政;business 商业;commerce 贸易。这里应该是对整 个宏观经济的展望,所以用 economy,其他三个选项太过片面了。 14.B in response to 表示“响应,反应”,这里表示由于房地产市场、劳动力市场以 及银行借贷的疲软,导致家庭支出以及投资的大幅下降。 15. A remain 表示“依然, 保持”, 后面大多跟形容词。 maintain 表示“维持, 保持(已 有的水平、标准)”,这里表示“虽然由于房地产市场、劳动力市场以及银行借贷的疲软而 导致家庭支出以及投资的大幅下降,但是我们仍然不相信??”,所以这里用 remain。 C 【要点综述】 阅读本来是一个愉悦身心的活动,但是忙碌的工作使人们远离了阅读所 带来的乐趣。本文就如何开展有效的快速阅读进行了简单的说明。 1.D 本句意思是“如果想谋得一份差事”。apply 需加 for,意思是“申请”;do 做; offer 提供。此三项均不符合题意,只有 get(获得)适合。 2.A 本句意为“快速阅读与理解的能力,是关系到成败的关键所在”。只有 quickly 与原意吻合。easily 容易地;roughly 粗略地; decidedly 果断地。 3.C 由下文“Most of us develop poor reading?”可知此处选 poor。其他选项不妥。 4.B 此处的意思是“大多数人早期养成不良的读书习惯”。因此选 habit“习惯”。 training 训练,培训;situation 形势;custom 风俗习惯。 5.A 此处说的是“主要的困难在于语言的自身要素,即单词”。combine 联合;touch 接触;involve 包括。这三项的词义与原文不符。而 lie 与 in 构成搭配,意为“在于”。 6.C 这里的意思是“如果单个地看这些词,它们并没有什么意义” 。some 一些,少量 的;a lot of 许多;dull 单调的。此三项不合题意。只有 little(很少)是否定词,合乎逻辑。 7. D 此句指“作者对未受过阅读训练的人的不良习惯感到遗憾”。 fortunately 幸运地; actually 事实上;logically 合乎逻辑地。unfortunately(不幸地)合乎句意。 8.B 此处意思为“在阅读时经常重读 (反复读)”。因此,选 reread“重读”。reuse 再使用;rewrite 改写;recite 背诵。

9. C scale down 按比例减少; cut down 削减。 此两项不合题意。 measures 不能与 down 搭配。只有 slow down“放慢”能否与后面的 speed 搭配。 10.A 根据上文可知,训练快速阅读所使用的工具必然与提高阅读速度有关,因此选 accelerator (快读器)。actor 演员;amplifier 放大器;observer 观察者。 11.D 前面的 faster 决定了此处应当选 than,构成比较级。 12.C 此句意为“快速阅读器迫使你加快阅读速度,使你再也不能逐字阅读,回顾前 文内容或者默读。”enable 相当于 make possible;lead 引导;indicate 指出,表明。都不合 题意。只有 make (使得)最合适。 13. A 与前半句中的 not only 相呼应, 构成句式 not only?but?“不仅??而且??” , 只能选 but,而 nor、or 或 for 均不能与前面的 not only 搭配。 14. B take 与后面的 for instance 构成短语, 意为“以??为例”, 其他三项不能与 for instance 构成搭配。 15.D 此处意为“在较短时间内,读完众多的材料”。refer to 参考;go over 复习; set about 着手做。此三项均不合题意;只有 get through “完成”最恰当。


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