广东高考英语卷基础写作指导（系列 1） 第一讲 记叙文：如何写人 一、写作指导 高考英语基础写作中的写人侧重人物的介绍，可以用第一人称(如写求职信)，也可以用 第三人称， 时态常常用一般现在时和一般过去时， 具体的人称和时态要依据写作的要求来确 定。写作过程中要注意以下几个方面的问题： 1．人物写作通常需要介绍人物的姓名、年龄、外貌、学历、经历、专业、爱好、特长、 事迹、性格等多
个方面，但英语基础写作需要严格按照写作要求来写，包括所给的全部信息 点，既不能遗漏，也不能随意添加。 2．对题目所给的信息要进行适当重组，安排好写作顺序，突出重点信息。重点信息通 常是写作的目的所在，比如求职要重点突出学历、经历，新闻报道要重点突出事迹，介绍自 己的老师、朋友要突出他们的特点，等等。 3．正确运用描写人物的词汇和句型。 4．注意运用正确的时态。描写人物的外貌、性格、兴趣等常用一般现在时，而描写人 物的出生、教育背景、经历、事迹常用一般过去时。 二、常用词语 外貌特征： beautiful, big nose, black eyes，fat, good-looking，handsome, healthy, near-sighted， ordinary-looking， pretty，short，strong, tall， thin, with a big nose, with a big smile, white-haired，1.80 metres tall, etc. 性格特点： absent-minded, attractive， bad-tempered， be ready to help others, bright， charming， confident, diligent，friendly, generous, have a good temper, humorous，independent, kind, kind-hearted，lazy，narrow-minded, naughty，patient，think of others, smart， talkative， warm-hearted，wise，etc. 出生年龄： a twenty-five-year-old young man, as a boy of 15, at the age of 20, be born on February 12th, 1987 , during his childhood, in one's fifties, live a happy/ hard life, spend his childhood in the countryside, the son of a poor family, when he was a small boy, etc. 兴趣爱好： be angry with sb for sth, be angry about, be delighted in doing, be good at singing, be interested in English, be fond of music, be crazy about, be pleased with, be sick for, be sorry for, be strict in one's work, be worried about, do well in his research work, ,enjoy doing, expect to do, feel surprised at, have a strong desire to do, look forward to doing sth., long for (long to do), make rapid progress in, put one's heart into, take a pleasure in doing; wish to do, work hard at his studies, etc. 教育背景： be admitted to Beijing University, be enrolled in, fail in the test， a master's degree, get on well with one's lessons, give sb. a passing grade, ，go abroad to further one's study, graduate from Physics Department of Qinghua University, his father was very strict with him, lay a good foundation in English, major in history, receive a doctor's degree, pass the examination, study hard at, take several courses at
school, take an active part in classwhen at college, etc. 经历事迹： become a member of the team, concentrate oneself to doing sth., devote oneself to one's business, do sth with great determination and perseverance, do research into this field, encourage sb to do sth, fight for our revolutionary course, give up one's life for sth, have a good way of doing sth, have a talent for language, make up one's mind to do sth., overcome many difficulties, receive the Nobel Prize for physics, serve as nurse, set a new world record of 110 metre hurdling, try one's best to do sth., win the first prize in the competition, win a gold /silver/ bronze medal, etc. 他人评价： an inspiring leader, a model worker, an advanced teacher, be respected by all his students, be honored as, be considered as, be famous/known as, be regarded as, his hard work brought him great success, make great contributions to our country, one of the most important persons in the past ten years, consider sb. as a genius, consider sb. as the greatest leader, set a good example for all of us, speak highly of him, etc. 参考范文： Dear Manager， I am writing you a letter in order to apply for a position in your company. My name is Li Hua and I was born in Foshan City of Guangdong Province in August 1981. I studied in Foshan No. 1 Middle School from 1994 - 2000, and then I came to study in the Computer Department of Guangzhou University for four years.I studiedcomputer science, Chinese, maths, English, P.E,and now I am working for a computer company. I like pop music and swimming very much, and I once won the first prize for swimming in the school competition. I am waiting for your reply. Thank you Yours Truely Li Hua 参考例文： Hi, everyone. I would like to introduce two famous sport stars, Yao Ming and Liu Xiang. Yao Ming, born in Shanghai in 1980, is a world famous basketball player. He is now one of the best players in Team Rocket in NBA, and he has been in All-Star Team for several times. Liu Xiang, who was also born in Shanghai but three years younger than Yao Ming, is a world champion in the 110-metre hurdls. He won the first prize in the Athens Olympic Games and broke the world record soon after that. Both of them love music, but Yao Ming likes listening to pop music while Liu Xiang likes singing. 参考范文 1. Li Ming, the monitor of Class 1 Grade 2, is healthy and lively. She does well in all her subjects, and she is fond of sports, singing and dancing. When she came to school, she had quite a lot of difficulties with the language, but with great efforts she made a lot of progress in her English language study. In 2006 she took part in the National Physics Olympic Competition and won the first prize. Li Ming is very strict with herself in her work and daily life,and is always ready to help other people.
2． 请根据下面的英文短诗， 展开适当的想象， 写一篇短文。 标题为： My Teacher Mr. Moore There's a teacher Mr. Moore. Who is lovely and thirty-four. Always encouraging us to try. He leads us to a world of "why". We all admire him more and more. 要求：1. 不得照抄短诗原文。 2. 必须突出短诗的主题，结构完整，语意连贯。 3. 短文不能写成诗歌形式。 4. 只能使用价值个句子表达全部的内容。
广东高考英语卷基础写作指导（系列 2） 高考英语基础写作指导(II) 第二讲 记叙文：如何叙事？ 一、写作指导 叙事类记叙文通常要将时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果等六个要素交代清楚。好 的记叙文具有描述事件具体、人物逼真形象、故事生动感人、材料表现中心和写作主旨明确 等特征。 高考英语基础写作中的叙事类短文也需要具有记叙文写作的一般特点， 但要求相对 比较低，其考查重点在语言运用正确、句子连贯通顺、信息点表述完整等方面。写作时要注 意以下几个方面的问题： 1. 严格按照基础写作的要求完成各个信息点，不要为了文章的生动而随意添加信息。 2. 信息点的表述不要完全按照题目所给的顺序，要适当重组信息点。 3. 记叙文写作的时态多数是用一般过去时，但也要注意灵活运用其它时态。 4. 叙事类记叙文的话题通常和中学生的生活阅历有关，如校园生活、旅游、交通、交 友等，平时要注意积累这些方面的词汇和短语。 二、常用语句 1. 表达时间 a long time ago, at six o'clock in the morning, at the end of, at the weekend, before he came here, by the end of last term, during the summer holidays, in a few years' time, in the past, in the old days, in the past ten years, in August 2002, in winter vacation, in weekdays, last month, next week, on Sunday morning, on October 1st, since early in the 20th century, so far, up to now, not...until, while , etc. 2. 表达地点 at the crossing, at the end of the street, at the airport, at the village, at the foot of the mountain, at the bottom, at the top of, be located in, behind the park, be situated in, five kilometers to the north of Guangzhou, in the south of Guangdong Province, in the middle of the park, in Class 3 Grade 2, in the front of the bus, in front of the bus, in the tree, in Guangdong, in China, lies to the west of Sichuan, onthe other side of the street, on both sides of the road,on the east coast of the Pacific Ocean ,on the right, etc. 3. 表达因果 as, as a result, because, because of, for, in the end, cause, result in, consequently, originate from, since, so, therefore, It is clear that... , It turns out to be... , The primary
reason is ... , etc. 4. 事件话题 (1)学校生活及学习成绩 be active in class, be interested in, be interesting to sb., be fond of, be good at ,be poor at , be tired of one's work, be weak in, do one's homework, do sports after school,do well in; education for all-round development(素质教育), examination-oriented education system(应试教育), fail in the test, get a doctor's degree, get on well with English, get an "A" in the exam, get 90 marks for English, give sb. a passing grade, have a good command of the language, have eight classes every day, help with each other, lay a good foundation in, learn...by heart, major in history, make friends with sb., make progress in, put one's heart into, pass the examination, study in groups, succeed in doing sth., take an active part in the activity,take several courses at school, work out a problem, work on a maths problem , work hard at, etc. (2)师生关系及其活动 be friendly to sb., be kind to sb, be a strict teacher, be strict with one's pupils, be strict in one's work, be satisfied with , blame sb. for sth, correct the students' homework carefully, devote all one's time to work, form a good habit of, get on wellwith sb, give advice on, give sb a lot of work , help sb with sth, make one's lessonslively and interesting, praise sb for sth., prepare for tomorrow's lesson, question sb on, teach sb. English , teach sb how to do sth., etc. (3)课余活动及周末生活 do some reading, enjoy a family trip, enjoy doing sth., go swimming, go for an outing, go to the cinema, have an outing at the seashore, have a swim, have dances on weekends, have a picnic at the weekend, have a party, hold a sports meeting, Internet bar, net friend, online love affair(网恋), play the piano, play chess (basketball), see the sights of Beijing, spend one's time in many different ways, teach in a family, etc. (4)交通情况 a big traffic jam, a traffic accident, be very crowded in the street, be seriously injured, by bus (train / ship / boat), drive a car, flight No. 2130, in a small boat, give sb. a lift, keep right, lie on the street, meet sb. at the station, on the bus (train),on board, on one's way to London, on the journey, one way only , pick up sb., ride a bike, ride a horse , see sb. off at the airport, self-service ticket , take a flight to New York, traffic light, travel through China, turn right, etc. (5)度假旅游 New Year's Day, Women's Day, May Day, Youth Day, Children's Day, Teachers' Day, Mid-Autumn Day, National Day, valentine's Day, the Spring Festival, a hot spot, a place of interest, a tourist destination, a five-star hotel, a good restaurant, a return ticket, a single ticket, a city with a long history, a quiet village, a three-day tour, an experienced guide, Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, beautiful scenery, in peak tourist seasons, natural attraction, on one's way to France, on the back way , one of the great wonders of the world, spend one's holidays on the sea , the 11th Asian Games, travel agency, the tour route, the inner-ring road, travel to England, the Great Wall , the Summer Place , Zhongshan Park , etc.
(6)环境保护 a good environment, area pollution, air pollution, air quality standard, Antarctic Circle, atmospheric chemistry, a heavy rain, a heavy snow, be polluted, be hot, be cold, be cool, be cloudy, be rainy, be sunny, be flooded, climate, carbon dioxide(CO2), chemical change, chemical cleaning of coal, climate change, dirty, drought, dry, flood, early warning system, environmental behavior, environmental quality, feel comfortable, global warming, minus 20 degrees centigrade(-20°), 30 degrees above zero(30°)，sea level, warning center, wastes, water surface , water treatment, water pollution control, weather, windstorm , etc. 三、典型例文 参考范文： Dear Jane, I am very glad to tell you something about our school, Guangdong No. 3 Middle school. It lies in a small town about 15 kilometres away from the sea and it has a history of over 80 years. Our school, covering an area of nearly 150 thousand square meters, has more than 200 teachers and 3000 senior students It has three teaching buildings and six dormitory buildings, with many flowers and tall trees all around, so it's very beautiful. In our school we learn Chinese, maths, science, English, computer,PE, arts and some other subjects. We warmly welcome you to visit our school in the summer holidays. Best wishes. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 参考范文： A brief Introduction of the Chinese Spring Festival The Chinese Spring Festival comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year, which is usually in February. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of the twelve animals, and this year is the year of the pig. Before the New Year's Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a good cleaning and on the last evening of the old year, all the members of a family will get together and have a big meal. On the first or second day of the new year, peopleusually go to visit their relatives and friends and give some lucky money to children. I wish you have a good time during the Spring Festival. 参考范文 1.On July 27th 2007, Friday, we 18 classmates, including John from Britain, Sinba from India and Keith from the USA, went to Lee Farm to help the farmers. We started off at 8 o'clock in the morning, and after an hour's ride on the bus, we walked for another 15 minutes. Lee Farm is about 60 kilometres northwest to our school. A few days ago it was hit by a strong tornado, and many apples were blown onto the ground, so we helped to pick up the apples and put the good ones in the baskets.We felt very tired after the work, but all of us thought it was a great help to the farmers. 2. Last Wednesday I gave a lecture about China's culture and history to the 7th
students from 9-11:30 in the morning. This is the first time I gave a lesson, so I felt very nervous and great pressure. I presented for one and a half hours, introducing from the dynasties in ancient times to the revolutionary in recent times, but I spent a lot more time on present China, the renovation, the open policy and the economic development. In the following hour we exchanged ideas and had a good discussion, but I was sorry to find that they knew little about China and raised a lot of strange questions. I think we need more cultural exchange of this kind, because we can get more practice and the foreign students can understand more about China. 广东高考英语卷基础写作指导（系列 3） 第三讲 如何写图表类说明文 一、写作指导 图表类作文一直是高考的热点，其体裁可以是记叙文、议论文或说明文。本篇介绍如何 备考图表类说明文。 图表类说明文要求根据图示、表格等所给的信息，通过定义、描述、数字对比和分类比 较等方式，介绍图表所显示对象的特征，如形状、构造、性质、变化、功能、因果和方位等。 图表类说明文常见的话题有：产品介绍、地点描述、方位描写、观点对比、变化分析、购物 指南和操作说明等。写作这类文章需注意以下几点： 1． 正确解读表格，不能添加或遗漏信息。 2． 写作内容要条理清楚，层次分明。说明科技方面的内容常用定义法、比较对比法、 分类法和因果法等；说明自然环境方面的内容常用时空次序法与分类法等。 3． 说明文的语言要简练，用词要准确，避免夸张华丽的辞藻。 4． 时态常用一般现在时，语态常用被动语态，有时用虚拟语气。 二、常用句型 1. 介绍产品 The company has modern equipment and lots of senior experts. This kind of product contains much top and new technique. It's convenient to carry and easy to operate. It's about six feet long and nine feet high. It cost me 100 yuan to buy this dictionary. 2. 介绍学校 There were many subjects in our school, such as Chinese, history, drawing and so forth. Our school is located at the foot of a green hill. In the middle of the flower bed there is a fountain with many colored flowers around it. In front of the school is a beautiful garden with a library on its left and a laboratory on its right. At the back of the school are the students' dormitory and the dinning-hall, in front of which lies the large sports field. The teacher's dormitory stands between the teaching building and the students' dormitory. 3． 行路指引 It is not very difficult to find your way from the Dongfang Hotel to the railway station.
When you get out of the station, turn left and walk down the street until you see the traffic lights. Turn right at the third turning, and you will see a post office at the corner. Go eastward and you will see the museum opposite to the library. Bus No.2 will take you right there. It will take you about 10 minutes to get there by subway. 4． 介绍地方 Tiananmen Square, the largest square in the world, covers an area of one million square metres. Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, lies in the south of China. It has an area of 10,000 square kilometers with a population of over 2 million. It is rich in natural sources, such as coal, oil and gold. The weather is neither too cold in winter nor too hot in summer. Built in the18th century, the tower has witnessed too much coming and going in history. 5． 新旧对比 Our hometown used to be a beautiful place, with thick trees and green grass everywhere. Nowadays some students cannot go to college because of high tuition fees. Great changes have taken place in the past few years. It is known to us all that the living standard of the Chinese people has greatly improved. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past. These days, people in growing numbers are beginning to complain that work is more stressful and less leisurely than in the past. 6． 数量表达 Output is up 30% last year. Unemployment more than doubled in 1996. The population here is increasing year by year. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. From the table we can see that the world population is increasing rapidly. The latest survey shows that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework. An investigation shows that many emigrants think that working at city provides them with not only a higher salary but also the opportunity of learning new skills. Statistics show a 20% rise (reduction) in traffic accidents compared with last year. Bicycle can't be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort. 三、实例分析
【例文 1】父母为子女选择小学的情况调查 最近学校研究性学习小组对 3000 多名年轻的父母做了一个调查，调查主题、结果等内 容如下表所示，请用英文给校英文广播站写一篇简介，介绍调查的情况。 写作要求： 1． 简介必须包括图表所给的全部内容； 2． 只能使用 5 个句子。 参考范文： Recently a survey was done to investigate what parents care most in choosing primary schools. The survey shows that location is the key factor in choosing schools for their children-half of those interviewed said that being close to their homes was the most important factor in their choice. Teaching quality came second, with nearly 40% of the parents worrying about their children's future career. The survey also shows that one-tenth of them expect that schools have advanced facilities. More than 3,000 parents were surveyed in the research. 【例文 2】楼盘介绍 假设暑假你到某楼盘打工， 正好有几名外国客人想买一套公寓楼， 公寓楼及其周边的一 些基本信息如下。请书面用英文向这几位客人介绍一下这套公寓楼。 写作要求： 1． 简介必须包括图表所给的全部内容； 2． 只能使用 5 个句子。 3． 参考词汇：公寓楼 apartment 公寓单间 flat 参考范文： The flat has 110 square metres, with one sitting-room, three bedrooms, one bathroom and one kitchen. Facing south, it is quite bright in the rooms at daytime. Not far away from the apartment there is a supermarket, a clinic, a kindergarten and a bus-stop. The bus can access the subway directly. The price for the flat is about 6000RMB per square metre. 四、即时训练 【练习 1】简介我国高等教育的发展情况 假设你在政府部门见习， 请根据以下图标的信息， 向几位到访外国客人询问你所在城市 的教育发 Z 展情况。 写作要求： 1． 简介必须包括图标所给的全部内容； 2． 只能使用 5 个句子。 3． 参考词汇：打基础 lay foundation 改革开放 reform and opening up 【练习 2】中学生使用媒体情况调查 假设你参加了一个网上国际中学生调查项目，调查 13－20 岁的年青人每周使用媒体的 时间情况。请根据下面的图表信息，用英文写一篇简介。 写作要求： 1． 简介必须包括图标所给的全部内容；
2． 只能使用 5 个句子。 参考范文 练习 1 As we can see from the chart, our city's education is developing very fast. There were only about one thousand students when New China was founded in 1949, and ten thousand in 1978, while the number reached eighty thousand in 2007. Several factors have contributed to the quick development. Firstly, the rapid economic development in our city, especially during the thirty years of reform and opening up, has laid a sound foundation. Secondly, the government has been trying hard to encourage the development of education, and thirdly, most people have begun to realize the importance of education. 练习 2 Recently we did a surway about media consumption by teens and young adults in their spare time. According to the research, teens and young adults consume many different types of media, but the Internet surpasses them all in the amount of time spent. Most of the students spend ten hours in an average week, and watching TV comes second, with five hours. The other ways of time spent are as follows: four hours reading newspapers and magazines, three hours talking on the phone and two hours listening to the radio. It's a pity that they only spend one hour in reviewing textbooks in their free time. ??
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