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2012年湖北省高职统考英语试题(A卷)


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2012 年湖北省高职统考英语试题
I. 选择题(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 从每小题所给的四个选项中,选出一个可以填入题中空白处的最佳选项。未选、错选或多 选均不给分。 1.The girl is doing ________ homework at home. A. she?s B. her C. he?s

D. his 2.We still have ________ to do, so we?ll have to stay in the office.. A. a lot of works B. a lot of work C. many works D. many work 3. Some students in our class can ________ to foreigners ________ English. A. say; with B. speak; with C. tell; in D. talk; in 4. The room ________ windows are painted blue is our reading room. A. what B. that C. which D. whose 5.―May I________ your bicycle? ―Sorry, I have ________ it to Lin Dong. A. borrow; lent B. lend; borrow C. borrow; lend D. lend; borrowed 6. You are sure to master the English language _________ you keep on learning. A. as long as B. as far as C. as soon as D. as much as 7. The reading test was very easy, but the vocabulary test was __________. A. fast B. simple C. difficult D. important 8. They found ________ impossible to finish the project within only a month. A. this B. that C. it D. which 9.―How long _________ to the bus station from his office? ―Only ten minutes. A. he will take it B. will he take it C. it will take him D. will it take him 10. He is not ________ as any of those film stars. A. so good an actor B. such good an actor C. a such good actor D. a so good actor 11. When the storm got heavier, the search for the lost ship was ________. A. called at B. called off C. called on D. called up 12. Can I ask you _________ questions, Dr. Smith? A. few B. little C. a few D. a little 13. You can?t rely _________ him to finish the work on his own. A. to B. on C. in D. with 14. No matter__________ hard he tried, he would find no sign of the lost mobile phone. A. what B. where C. how D. which 15. __________ no one here who can deal with the problem. A. There was B. There were C. There are D. There is 16. Neither David nor his parents ________ football fans.
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A. are B. is C. be 17. The temperature here usually________ from 5℃ to 15℃ in winter. A. range B. ranges C. ranged 18. The men fought__________ against the floods. A. braved B. bravery C. brave 19. ―Who_________ the piano now? ―My sister Mary. A. plays B. played C. is playing 20. ―Hello. May I speak to Jack? ―___________ A. This is Jack. B. I am Jack. C. Who are you?

D. am D. will range D. bravely

D. will play

D. No, you may not.

II. 单句指错(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 下列每个句子标有 A、B、C、D 的词语或用法中, 各有一个错误,请选出并将答题卡上 对应字母的标号涂黑。未选、错选或多选均不得分。 21. How a sunny day it is today! We?d better go out for a picnic. A B C D 22. The park, which we visited five years ago, being turned into a museum at the moment. A B C D 23. In England, as early as the twelfth century, young boys enjoyed to play football. A B C D 24. No sooner he had reached the top of the hill than he sat down to rest. A B C D 25. He suggested that the sports meeting should put off until the weather turned fine. A B C D 26. I want everyone to sat in his own seat before I serve the dinner. A B C D 27. It is often easy to select a particular tool than to use it correctly. A B C D 28. Lucy and Lily studied biology last year, and so does Jim. A B C D 29. A number of members in this golf club was limited to two hundred. A B C D 30. She had to work this Sunday because she has been asked to write an article for a magazine. A B C D III. 完形填空(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意, 然后从 31~50 各小题所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 使短文的意思通顺、前后连贯。未选、错选或多选均不得分。 One day, Jane received a letter from her grandpa. He worked on a 31 out of the city. He

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raised many animals such as chickens, pigs and cows. “Dear Jane,” the letter said. “ Happy Birthday! I am 32 you some chickens. They will arrive tomorrow. I hope you will like them. 33 wishes for you. Grandpa Tony.” Jane was very 34 because she loved eggs and chickens. “ I will 35 these chickens, and then I can have eggs every day.” She 36 When the chickens arrive the next day, they were 37 a box. Jane was very excited. She took the box off the 38 of the truck and began to carry it into her garden. 39 , the box of chickens was heavy and she dropped it. The box 40 to the ground and broke. The chickens all ran out. They ran everywhere—into 41 gardens into the road, into shops, even into the next street. Jane spent hours trying 42 them and take them back to her garden. A few days 43 , her grandpa came to visit her. “44 the chickens arrive safely?” he asked Jane. “Yes, Grandpa,” Jane said. “45 I had a lot of trouble with them. I dropped the box. It broke 46 and the chickens ran everywhere. I spent the 47 morning looking for them.” “Did you find them all?” her grandpa asked. “I 48 so,” Jane answered. “I 49 eleven of them.” “That?s very interesting,” her grandpa said 50 a smile, “because I only sent you six.” ? 31. A. farm B. house C. factory D. country 32. A. buying B. paying C. handing D. sending 33. A. Good B. Better C. Best D. well 34. A. angry B. glad C. unhappy D. sad 35. A. keep B. rise C. taste D. cook 36. A. asked B. thought C. wrote D. guessed 37. A. at B. on C. in D. of 38. A. side B. top C. back D. front 39. A. Instead B. However C. Otherwise D. Therefore 40. A. fall B. fallen C. falling D. fell 41. A. a neighbor?s B. neighbor?s C. neighbors D. neighbors? 42. A. to find B. find C. finding D. found 43. A. after B. later C. sooner D. earlier 44. A. Did B. Do C. Have D. Had 45. A. And B. But C. So D. Then 46. A. open B. free C. out D. away 47. A. all B. half C. whole D. most 48. A. want B. fear C. do D. hope 49. A. took B. brought C. caught D. put 50. A. in B. to C. caught D. with IV.阅读理解(本大题共 25 小题, 每小题 2 分,共 50 分) 阅读下列短文, 每篇文章后面有五个小题, 请从每小题所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳答案。
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未选、错选或多选均不得分。 Passage One Both Rose and her husband had lost their jobs, and now they were living in and out of motels with their son, Jack. Often they worried about their car because the bank would take it if they didn?t pay for it on time. One day, Rose found a wallet containing a credit card, an airline ticket to New York and $2,394 in cash at a shopping center in Los Angeles. “For a second I thought about taking the money,” she said later. “But only for a second.” Instead, she took the wallet and its contents to the nearest police station, where a man was asking for help. He wanted to get his wallet back. In return for her honesty, Rose and her husband received more than ten job offers and an apartment rent-free for six months. An unknown donor(捐助者) brought the car payments up the date. Others gave cash. One elderly couple walked into the police station where Rose had turned in the wallet and asked how much money had been in it. When they were told the amount, the man said, “Then that?s what they deserve,” and wrote out a check for $2,400. Rose said, “Never in a million years would I have thought this would happen to us. What we have received is far more than what was in the wallet. 51. Rose and her husband often worried about their car because they_________. A. were living in their car B. were unable to pay for it C. had lost their licenses D. didn?t like it any longer 52. According to the passage, Rose found__________ and then handed it to the police. A. a wallet B. a credit card C. an airline ticket D. a check 53. The response to the event was that someone__________. A. gave them a free house B. offered them some jobs C. gave them $2,400 in cash D. sent a new car to them 54. The old couple wrote out a check for Rose because____________. A. they were grateful to her B. they were her good friends C. they thought she was too poor D. they admired her and wanted to help 55. What is TRUE according to the passage? A. Rose became rich in the end. B. Rose was rewarded for her honesty. C. Rose didn?t know what was in the wallet. D. Rose knew that people would give her money. Passage Two For 20 years, people have been following the simple rules: Fat makes you fat. Fat gives you heart attacks. Eat it at your risk. So when we make another decision for the coming year to lose those 20 or 30 pounds, we can only wonder: Is there a better way to diet?

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Yes, say a growing group of scientists and experts. The old advice obviously isn?t working. Fat isn?t the only crime. Filling up on rice and bread isn?t a solution. They argue that, among other things: sugar and white food, like bread, rice and potatoes, are diet destroyers. A diet that stresses meat and eggs but cuts out sugar and simple carbohydrates(碳水化合物) is more successful at helping people lose weight because they feel satisfied longer and won?t be eager to fill up on snack food(点心). Fat isn?t all bad. The simple message to lower(降低) fat ignores some important facts: Fat is necessary for the body to function correctly. There are good fats and bad fats. If not eaten too much, fat can actually help you diet because it makes food taste better and helps you feel full longer. 56. The traditional rules tell people_________. A. that losing weight is dangerous B. not to make a new decision C. that eating fat is dangerous D. not to eat too much bread 57. While people are following the old advice, they wish to know whether__________. A. fat makes themselves fat B. there is a better way to diet C. there is something dangerous in fat D. fat causes heart attacks 58. A growing group of experts suggest that people should have a bit more__________ for their health. A. fat B. sugar C. snack food D. carbohydrate 59. Meat and eggs are considered good for dieting because___________. A. they help to lower fat B. they help people feel full longer C. they are important to people?s health D. they are necessary for the body to function 60. The purpose of this essay is to inform people that____________. A. fat put people at risk B. fat makes you fat C. fat causes illness D. fat isn?t all bad Passage Three Back in 1912, chocolate maker Charlie Johnson had a problem. His chocolate didn?t ship well in hot weather, so candy stores ordered almost none between June and September. To stay in business, Charlie decided to develop a summer line: hard candy mints(薄荷糖). Charlie?s factory wasn?t set up for making hard candy, so he hired a pill producer for the job. Most candies at the time were square and pillow-shaped—and expensive to produce. So Charlie ordered his flat and round, with a hole in the middle, to be different. “They look like little life-savers,” Charlie said. Suddenly, the mints had a name. Still, for Charlie the candies were only a sideline. When New York advertisement salesman John Tailor tried to persuade him to advertise the unique mints, Charlie wasn?t interested. “You would make a lot of money!” John said excitedly. “Do you think so?” Charlie replied. “Then you buy the brand.” For $2,900, John bought the brand—and went to work.
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“Why sell only in candy shops?” The salesman asked himself. He persuaded drugstores and restaurants to put the mints near the cash register (收款机)with a big five-cent card. “Be sure every customer gets a nickel(5 美分镍币) with his change,” he told them. His marketing idea worked. Customers threw their nickels to the clerks to get a little roll of the candy mints. From then on, Life Saver’s familiar little roll became one of the world?s best-selling candies. 61. Charlie?s problem during summer was that_________. A. he couldn?t produce chocolate B. he could only produce chocolate C. he couldn?t sell chocolate D. he could only sell chocolate 62. Hard candy production in 1912 was__________. A. hard B. expensive C. easy D. cheap 63. The mints were named Life Saver because they__________. A. saved Charlie?s business B. saved Charlie?s life C. looked like life-savers D. looked like life boats 64. We can infer from the story that__________. A. people like to buy things with small change B. people like candies which are different C. sales of candies depend on their shapes D. sales of candies depend on their prices 65. Life Saver became one of the world?s best-selling candies most probably because__________. A. John had a good marketing idea to sell it B. John sold it at drugstores and restaurants C. John put the candy near the cash register D. John bought the brand at a high price Passage Four A computer is a machine. It handles a lot of information. Many people use computers to help them work better. Unfortunately, many computers are often hurt by virus. A computer virus is a set of bad instructions written just to hurt computers. The virus is made by someone and sent to computers. It is set to turn on by itself. When it does, many computers around the world begin to have problems. When the virus is turned on, it makes the computer do things it is not supposed to do. Many computers start to fill up with a lot of useless information. Several computer projects which have already cost millions of dollars are in great trouble. When the computers are invaded(攻击) by a virus, some people have to turn off their computers; others have to stop their computers from being connected to other computers. The virus is spread by having computers share information with each other. Once in the computer, it takes over and tells the computer to do harmful things. 66. A computer_________. A. may have problems caused by viruses

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B. can solve problems without any mistake C. can tell people how to work with machines D. may easily be damaged by people who use it 67. The computer system is easily broken when__________. A. it turns on by itself B. it operates under harmful instructions C. people use it to handle too much information D. people input instructions the computer cannot read 68. When the computer is attacked by a virus,__________. A. it writes bad instructions B. it does not work properly C. millions of dollars are wasted D. the information becomes useless 69. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the last paragraph? A. Filling up computers with information helps prevent the virus. B. A computer kills the virus by connecting to other computers. C. Turning off the computer helps stop the spread of the virus. D. A virus helps computers to share information. 70. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Introduction of the Computer. B. Computer Information. C. The Computer Virus. D. Computer Programming. Passage Five Every ten minutes, one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out forever. If nothing is done about it, one million kinds that are alive today will become extinct twenty years from now. The seas are in danger. They are being filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers (肥料). The Mediterranean (地中海) is nearly dying; the North Sea is following. If nothing is done about it, one day soon nothing will be able to live in the seas. The tropical rain forests are being destroyed. If nothing is done about it, they will have nearly disappeared in twenty years. The effect on the world?s climate-and on our agriculture and food supplies-will be disastrous. Fortunately, somebody is trying to do something about it. In 1961, the World Wildlife Fund was founded-a small group of people who wanted to raise money to save animals and plants from extinction. Today, the World Wildlife Fund is a large international organization. It has raised 35 million pounds and has created or given supports to National Parks in five continents. It has helped 30 animals and birds-including the tiger-to survive(存活). Perhaps this is not much, but it is a start. If more people give more money-and if more governments wake up to what is happening- perhaps the World Wildlife Fund will be able to help us avoid the disaster that threatens the natural world, and all of us. 71. In 20 years, a million kinds of living things will_________. A. be in danger B. be polluted C. come alive

72. The Mediterranean water is__________. A. becoming less B. becoming warmer C. seriously polluted D. dangerous to swim in 73. Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. The rain forests are being destroyed. B. The North Sea is also nearly dying. C. Some wildlife will die out forever. D. The air is being polluted. 74. The purpose of the World Wildlife Fund is___________. A. to be a large international organization B. to raise money for environmental protection C. to raise money to save animals and plants D. to create and give support to National Parks 75. What is the main topic of the message? A. The disasters that threaten the natural world. B. The history of the World Wildlife Fund. C. The variety of rare animals and plants. D. The pollution of the sea. v. 书面表达(25 分) 请根据以下提示,用英语写一封感谢信。感谢信必须包括以下所列内容, 可以适当调整 内容的顺序和增加细节, 使其连贯、完整,字数 80 词左右。感谢信得开头及落款已给出。 要点: 你收到了朋友 Jim 作为生日礼物送给你的一本书。 你很喜欢这本书, 因为书中的人物都 很可爱, 特别是主人公(leading character)的乐于助人、机智幽默(humorous),很值得你学 习。在告知 Jim 你最近学习上取得进步的同时, 也祝愿他在即将举行的全国英语演讲比赛 (speech contest)中获得好成绩。 Dear Jim, … Yours, Li Jun

D. die out
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