(一)基础单词(根据提示写出单词) 1．The cyclist signalled (发出信号) and turned right. 2．The calm courage of the pilot preserved (保护) the lives of the passengers. swallowed 3．He (吞咽) the last of
his coffee and asked for the bill.
4．Sorry to disturb (打扰)you, but I have an urgent message from your husband. 5．He has been used to being a cock of the walk in his native (本地的) village. 6．Money and success are things most of us desire (渴望)． 7．She said that she was optimistic (乐观的) about the future of the company. 8．By studying hard, Kate soon caught up with her companion(s) (同伴)． 返回
9． death n．死亡→ dead adj.死的，已故的→ die vi.死亡
10． connection n．联系→ connect → connected adj. 有联系的 vt.连接，联系
11． requirement n．要求，规定→ require vt.需要，要求 12． inspire vt.启迪；激励→ inspiring adj.激励人心的 → inspiration n．灵感 13． various adj.各种各样的→ variety n. 种种；多样化
14． apply vi. 申请 vt.使用，应用→ application n．申请 → applicant n．申请人 15． punishment n．惩罚→ punish vt.惩罚 16． scientific adj.科学的→ science n. 科学→ scientist n．科学家 17. breathe vi. & vt. 呼吸；吸气→ breath n．呼吸
18． nationality n．国籍→ national adj.国家的，民族的 → nation n．国家，民族 19． discourage vt.使灰心，使泄气→ discouragement n． 灰心，泄气，气馁，失去信心→ discouraged adj. 灰心 的，泄气的，失去信心的→ discouraging adj. 使人气馁/
20． devotion n．奉献；忠诚；专心→ devote
付出；专心做→ devoted adj. 挚爱的；忠诚的
21． murder vt. & n. 谋杀→ murderer n．谋杀者，凶手
22．The explorer has just explored many interesting places, and his exploration will continue in the next few years.(explorer) 23．The curious boy looked at the box curiously . He wanted to open it out of curiosity .(curious) 24．It was fortunate for him that he made a lot of fortune in the business.(fortune)
(一)根据汉语提示写出短语 1．* of all time 自古以来的，有史以来的 2． be curious about 对??感到好奇
3．* set sail
4．* come across
5．* as well as 6．* in connection with 7．* result in 8．* pay off 9．* dream of/about 10． show devotion to
也，以及 和??有关 导致，结果是 成功，带来好结果 梦想，想象 热衷于；对??表示
11． have a strong desire to do sth . 有做某事的强烈欲望
12． be fit for
13．* be in control(of something) 掌管，控制(某物) 14．* look up to 尊敬 15． live/ realize one's dream 实现梦想
(二)选用以上标有*的短语填空(其中有两个是多余的) 1．He was always taught to look up to older people. 2．She came across some old photographs in a drawer. 3．To work honestly pays off in the long run. 4. The crash resulted in the death of 14 passengers. 5．The ship sails for Qingdao tomorrow.
6．He can speak Chinese as well as English.
7．Edison was one of the greatest inventors of all time . 8．A man has been arrested in connection with the murder of the teenager.
1.Upon their entering the tomb, Carter's lucky pet bird,
which he had left in Cairo, was swallowed by a snake. 一看到妈妈，这个小姑娘就高兴得跳了起来。 Upon/On seeing her mother, the little girl jumped with joy.
2.In 1932, she became the first woman to fly alone across the Atlantic.
他总是第一个来，最后一个走的人。 He is always the first one to come and the last
one to leave.
3.Although Yang did not get the best scores on every single test, it was his high scores on the psychological tests that finally won him the status of China's first astronaut. 是他的诚实给他赢得了好名声。
It is his honesty that won him a good
常考 单词 常考 短语
curious, fortune, preserve,
content, disturb, inspire,
discourage, desire, apply
set sail, superior,
come across, result in
be in control of
Although Yang did not get the best scores on
常考 every single test, it was his high scores on the
句式 psychological tests that finally won him the status of China's first astronaut. 返回
He was bright and curious about the world outside his home town.(教材P42原句) 他聪明，并且对家乡之外的大千世界感到好奇。 Curious but slightly disappointed, the young man opened
the box and found a lovely book.(选自2009年高考辽宁
卷· 完形) 既好奇又有一点点失望，这个年轻人打开了盒子发现了 一本漂亮的书。
(1) be curious about ... be curious to do sth. it's curious that ... (2)curiosity n.
对……感到好奇 极想做某事 ……是奇怪的 好奇心
meet/satisfy one's curiosity out of curiosity 出于好奇
The child is always curious to find out how everything works. 这孩子总是很好奇，想弄明白一切都是怎么回事。
It's curious that they didn't come yesterday.
A．用curious的适当形式填空 ①I opened the parcel to satisfy my curiosity . ②She asked him curiously ，“Why do you have this hobby？”
③We were very curious about the people who lived on the island. ④He asked the question out of curiosity. 返回
C：单项填空 ⑤(2010· 天津高考)People have always been exactly how life on earth began. A．curious B．excited about
兴奋的”； anxious“急切的”； careful“仔细的”。故A项
符合句意。be curious about“对??好奇”，为习惯搭 配。 答案： A
2．fortune n. [C]大笔的钱，财富；[U]运气，好运 Inside the tombs, he discovered a great fortune in jewels and gold, along with the preserved bodies of dead kings.(教材 P42原句) 在这些坟墓里面，他发现了一大笔财富，珠宝和金子，还
(1)make a fortune
try one's fortune 碰碰运气
have good/bad fortune seek one's fortune 寻出路 tell (sb.) one's fortune (给某人)算命 have the fortune to do sth. 有幸做某事 运气好/不好
(2)fortunate adj. 幸运的
be fortunate to do sth . 幸运地做某事 (3)fortunately adv. 幸运地 unfortunately adv. 不幸地 返回
Some days later, I was told that a guy who was working with us that day, “could probably have made a fortune selling the necklace he found.”(选自2011年高考四川卷· 完 形)
The lady paid $5 to have her fortune told.
[语境串记] He was fortunate enough to make a fortune by lottery. 他很幸运买彩票发了财。
[多维演练] A．用fortune的适当形式填空 ①They are going to try their fortune once more.
② Unfortunately, we have some bad news for you.
③We are fortunate to have such a knowledgeable
B．根据汉语提示，完成下面小语段 ④In the 1980s, he went to the south to try his fortune (碰运气). But he had bad fortune (运气不佳) and made no fortune (没有发财). Fortunately (幸运的是), he made his fortune there (在那里发财) as a writer.
C：单项填空 ⑤(2010· 全国卷Ⅰ) The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune .
C．was to be made
解析：考查谓语动词的时态和语态。make a fortune
“发财”，make和fortune为动宾关系，所以这里要用被 动语态表示，故排除B、D两项。而很多人相信的事情 应该是还没有发生的事情，而C项的结构be＋to do又表 示了将来的动作，故符合句意：澳大利亚金矿的发现 让很多人相信马上就要发财了。 答案： C 返回
3．preserve vt.保存；保护；保持 Everyone should pay attention to preserving his own eyesight. 人人都应该注意保护视力。
(1) preserve sth. from ... (2)preserver n. 维护者
preservation n. 保存；保护；保持
We should take effective measures to preserve our natural resources from being wasted. 我们应该采取有效措施保护自然资源不被浪费。
One of the necessary conditions of preservation is quick
①The carvings are in a poor state of preservation . ②Few of his early poems are preserved .
B．完成句子 ③维护公共秩序是警察的职责。 It's the duty of the police to preserve public order . ④成立这个协会是为了保护濒危物种不致灭绝。 The society was set up to preserve endangered species from extinction .
C．单项填空 ⑤At minus 130℃， a living cell can be thousand years. for a
解析：考查动词词义辨析。句意：在－130℃的温度下， 活细胞可以被保存一千年。spare“抽出(时间)，省得， 免去，吝惜”； protect“保护”； preserve“保护，保存”； develop“发展，研制”。根据句意选C项。 答案： C
Afterwards, all of its contents would go into a museum.
(教材P42原句) 毕竟，所有里面的东西都会到博物馆里。 The box had fallen over, and some of the contents had spilled out. 箱子翻了，里面的一些东西散落了出来。 As parents, we shouldn't content all the wishes of our
(1)be content to do sth. be content with ...
(2)content oneself with 满足于；使(某人)自己对……感 到满足
(3)to one's heart's content 心满意足地，尽情地
Are you content with your present salary?
你对你目前的薪水满意吗？ [点睛] (1)content 作形容词时，通常作表语、后置定语 或状语，作前置定语时要用contented, 如a contented expression满足的表情。 (2)在充当表语表示“非常满意”时，用be well content而 不能用be very content。
①I like the style of his writing but don't like the content. ②Nothing will ever content him. ③She seems content to live with him.
B．用content的适当形式填空 ④She is content to live quietly by herself. ⑤He emptied out all the contents of his pockets onto the table.
⑥Those who are
their present situations will surely
make no more advances in life.
解析：句意：满足于现状的人在生活上一定不会有更大的 进步。表示“对……满足/满意”时，可用be content/satisfied/pleased with ...。故D项正确。be content to do“乐意做”。 答案： D
5．disturb vt.打扰，扰乱；搅乱，弄乱；使(某人)烦恼 或不安 When a tomb is opened, fresh air disturbs the viruses. (教材P43原句)
(1)it disturbs sb.to do sth. be disturbed by
(2)disturbing adj. 令人不安的，引起烦恼的 disturbed adj. 心理不正常的；烦恼的，心烦意乱的
It disturbed her to realize that she was missing him. 她意识到自己在想他，感到很不安。
It is very disturbing that there has been an increase in
crime in the last six months. 过去六个月的犯罪案件的增加令人非常不安。
disturb, interrupt 打搅，打扰，侧重于对某人动作或行为的干
interrupt 动的打扰，使对方的活动暂停下来，或临时 不能继续
A．选词填空： disturb, interrupt ①Sorry to interrupt , but there's someone to see you.
②Please don't disturb the child while he is doing his homework. B．用disturb的适当形式填空
③I was deeply disturbed by the disturbing piece of news.
④Her arriving/arrival disturbs my peaceful current of life.
C．单项填空 ⑤The mother opened the door quietly so as not to the sleeping children.
解析：句意：这位母亲轻轻地开门，目的是不打扰正在 睡觉的孩子们。trouble“麻烦，困扰”； disturb“打扰”；
6．inspire vt.启迪，赋予灵感；激励，鼓舞；激起(感情、 思想等) Do you want to inspire students with your experiences？ (教材P53原句) 你想用你的经历激励学生吗？ Inspired by this, I decided to realize my dream, even
though some of my family members and my doctor were
against it.(选自2011年高考北京卷· 阅读A) 受到这件事的鼓舞，我决定去实现自己的梦想，尽管我 的一些家人和我的医生反对这件事。 返回
(1)inspire sb. to do sth. inspire sb. with sth.? ? ? inspire sth. in sb. ? ? (2)inspiring adj. inspired adj. inspiration n.
The teacher inspired us to work hard. 老师鼓励我们努力学习。 His encouraging remarks inspired confidence in me. ＝ His encouraging remarks inspired me with confidence. 他的一番激励激起了我的信心。 返回
[多维演练] A．用inspire的适当形式填空 ①I cannot write without inspiration . ②Everyone present at the meeting was inspired by his speech. ③This is an inspiring story of love and determination.
The falling leaves inspired her with sadness .
The falling leaves inspired sadness in her . ⑤美丽的景色赋予了他写该诗的灵感。 The beautiful scenery inspired him to write the poem .
⑥His example was
and we were all
even harder than ever before. A．inspiring; inspiring C．inspiring; inspired B．inspired; inspired D．inspired; inspiring
inspired to do sth.“受到激励做某事”。故选C项。
7．discourage vt. 使灰心，使泄气 Even though some of the gorillas were quite dangerous, this
did not discourage Dian.(教材P57原句)
尽管大猩猩很危险，但这并没有使戴安泄气。 Don't let failure discourage you. Go on with the creative work. 不要因失败而泄气，继续你的创造性工作。
(1) discourage sb. from doing sth.
discouraged adj. (人)感到泄气的 discouragement n. 泄气，灰心；阻止，阻拦 (3)encourage vt. 鼓励 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人去做某事 encouraging adj. 鼓励的；鼓舞人心的
We discouraged him from giving up the job.
A．用discourage的适当形式填空 ①It's discouraging that so many students have failed. ②Don't be discouraged! Victory is in sight. ③To his discouragement , he failed to win the game.
B．完成句子 ④第一场比赛的失败并没有令他们沮丧。 The loss of the first game did not discourage them . ⑤雨打消了我们外出的念头。 The rain discouraged us from going out.
C．单项填空 ⑥(2009· 天津高考) by the advances in technology,
many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A．Being encouraged B．Encouraging
farmers之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系，可排除B、D两项； 而该动词并非表示一个正在进行的动作，可排除A项。 答案： C
He always had a strong desire to learn how to fly.(教材P58原句)
他对学习如何飞行有强烈的欲望。 However, I don't believe you should force people to help others —
the desire to help must come from the heart.(选自2009年高考江
苏卷· 完形) 但是，我认为你不应当强迫人们去帮助他人——想要帮助别人 的愿望必须来自于内心深处。
(1)have a desire for/to do sth.
at sb.'s desire 应某人的邀请 satisfy/meet sb.'s desire 满足某人欲望
(2)desire to do sth. 渴望做某事 desire sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 desire that ... 渴望??
Young people often desire to escape from their parents. 年轻人常常想要摆脱他们的父母。 Everyone desires that our country be powerful and prosperous. 所有人都希望我们的国家强大繁荣。
[点睛] desire 后跟宾语从句、同位语从句或表语从句
时，从句谓语动词用虚拟语气，即“should ＋动词原形” 形式，should 可以省略。
①He desires that I (should) go abroad for further
education. →He desires me to go abroad ②I desire to go swimming. →I have a desire to go swimming. for further education.
③他们有着很强的取胜愿望，而这正是足球所需要的。 They have a strong desire to win, which is needed for
football. ④我真地很想见那位著名教授。 I really desire to meet the famous professor.
⑤The woman desired that her book
people as possible. A．reached C．reach
B．would reach D．be reached
解析：句意：那个妇女渴望她的书能够被尽可能多的人 阅读。desire后面的宾语从句常用should＋动词原形， should可省略。因此，可排除A、B两项；宾语从句为“ 主＋谓＋宾”结构，应用主动语态。故选C项。 答案： C
9．apply vi.申请；适用vt.使用，应用；涂抹 In 1998, he applied to be a member of Project 921, which is now called Shenzhou.(教材P58原句) 1998年，他申请成为921工程现在被称作神舟的一员。
(1)apply ...to ... apply to ... 适用于…… apply (to sb.) for sth.
把??应用/运用于?? (向某人)申请某事物 专心于；专心从事
apply one's mind/oneself to
(2)applied adj. 应用的，实用的
(3)application n. 应用，适用；申请 applicant n. 申请人，应征者
In early autumn I applied for admission to college.(选自 2011年高考陕西卷· 阅读C) 初秋时，我申请了上大学。 New technology is being applied to almost every
新技术正被应用到几乎所有的工业流程中。 What I have said only applies to some of you. 我所说的只适用于你们当中的一部分人。 返回
A．用apply的适当形式填空 ①All the applicants should fill in this application ②He has applied for a post in England.
B．根据汉语提示，完成下面小语段 ③In order to know whether his plan was practical, he first applied it to (把它应用于) his work, and he also applied for a study (向??申请一项调查) to his company about it. Then he applied himself to (专心于) it and made necessary changes.
C．高考作文高级表达 ④为提高人们保护北极熊的意识，我申请担任北极熊的 代言人。(2011· 重庆卷书面表达) In order to raise people's awareness of protecting polar bears, I apply for the spokesman for polar bears .
⑤(2009· 福建高考)The Somali robbers' frequent
attacks on the sea urged the United Nations to nations to take immediate action. A．fight for C．call on B．apply for D．wait on all
繁的袭击促使联合国号召所有的国家立刻采取行动。 fight for“为……而战斗”； apply for“申请”； call on“号 召”； wait on“服侍”。故C项符合句意。 答案： C
10．come across (偶然)遇见，发现；被理解
There, they came across the tomb of King
What is more, they should also be well prepared for the
possible difficulties they may come across in the process.(选自2011年高考浙江卷· 任务型阅读) 此外，他们还应该为在运行过程中会遇到的可能的困难 做好充分的准备。
He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not really
come across. 他讲了很长时间，但他的意思没有人真正理解。
[点睛] come across作“(偶然)遇见，发现”讲时，across
come along 一道来；一起去；进步；赶快 come down with 染上(小病) come on (风雨等)到来；上场；赶快；
come out 出版；出来；出现；结果是 come to 总计；达到；谈到
come to oneself 苏醒，恢复知觉 come true 实现
come up 走近；上来；发芽；即将发生；
被提出；(太阳、月亮等)上升 come up with 想出；提出
New problems came up when they went into the discussion. 随着他们讨论的深入新的问题也冒出来了。 I never expected those few items to come to so much. 我从未想到就那么几项合计起来竟要这么多钱。
across, happen/ chance to meet, meet with, meet ... by chance/ by accident等。 (2)come across 后虽可跟宾语，但不能用于被动语态。
①We came across an old man lying on the road. ②When spring comes, the leaves and the grass will soon come out . ③How did the accident come about ?
When asked about his future plan, he could not come up with a proper answer. ⑤我遇见他完全是偶然的。 It was quite by chance/ accident that I met him.
⑥Have you ever your life? A．come about C．come across B．come out D．come up such a horrible person in all
解析：句意：你一生中遇到过这么可怕的人吗？come across 意为“遇见”，符合句意。come about “发生”； come out “出版，结果是”； come up“走近”。注意：A、 B、D三项均为不及物动词短语，不能接宾语。 答案： C
If breathed in, they can result in illness or even death.(教材 P43原句) 如果这些病毒被人体吸入，它们就可能导致疾病甚至死亡。 The arrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such as Happisburgh in Norfolk ...(选自 2011年高考上海卷· 阅读C) 这样的处理可能会导致像在诺福克的哈比斯堡这样的遗址的
(1) result from
(2)as a result 结果，因此
as a result of 作为??的结果 without result 毫无结果地
These are injuries resulting from a fall. 这些是因摔倒而导致的伤。 Hou Yaowen died as a result of a heart attack. 侯耀文死于心脏病发作。
①He works harder. As a result, he has made rapid progress. → As a result of his working harder, he has made rapid progress. ②His carelessness resulted in so many mistakes. →So many mistakes resulted from his carelessness.
B．介词填空 ③The floods in Thailand have resulted in 200 deaths. ④I was caught in the rain on my way home. As a result, I had a bad cold.
⑤(2009· 全国卷Ⅱ)Jenny nearly missed the
flight doing too much shopping. B．on top of D．in need of
A．as a result of C．in front of
Jenny差点耽误了航班。as a result of“由于，作为??的 结果”，符合句意。on top of“在??之外，另外”； in front of“在??前面”； in need of“需要”。 答案： A
Although Yang did not get the best scores on every single test, it was his high scores on the psychological tests that finally won him the status of China's first astronaut.
此句中使用了强调句，强调的是his high scores on the
(1)强调句的基本结构： It is/was＋被强调部分＋that/who＋其他成分。 It is in 2014 that another Disney Park will be completed in Shanghai.
Was it last week that the war broke out? 战争是上周爆发的吗？ (3)强调句的特殊疑问句式： 疑问代词/疑问副词＋is/was＋it＋that＋其他成分？
Where was it that you spent your holiday?
[点睛] (1)若原句的谓语动词是现在或将来时，强调句式 结构须用：It is ... that/who ...；如果原句的谓语动词是过去 时态，则强调句式结构须为：It was ... that/ who ... (2)若被强调的部分是指人，可以用连接词who或that; 若被
It is he that/who is to blame. 该受责备的是他。
It is you, not your brother, that are like Liu Dehua.
(4)not ... until 引导的状语从句变为强调句的结构为： It is/ was not until ... that ...。 It was not until his wife left that he came. 他妻子走了之后他才来。
(5)It is/was ... that ...结构一般不强调谓语。如需要强调谓语，
用助动词do, does或did。 She does sing well. 她的确唱得很好。 返回
[多维演练] A．句型转换(强调加线的部分) ①I don't know how long he has stayed here. → I don't know how long it is that he has stayed here.
②He did not go to bed until ten o'clock .
→ It was not until ten o'clock that he went to bed .
③It was on October 1st, 1949 that the PRC was founded. 强调句 ④It is high time that we went home. 定语从句
⑤It was ten o'clock when I reached the camping site that
⑥It is clear that he has fallen in love with her. 主语从句
⑦It was not until the end of 2010
military- military exchanges between China and to-
解析：句意：中美之间的军事交流直到2010年末才恢复。 本题为强调句式。被强调部分为not until the end of 2010。 答案： C
本单元中还有以下知识点需要特别关注。 1．set sail“启航”，其后加for＋目的地 Next week they will set sail for Europe. 下周他们将启航去欧洲。
2．superior n．上级，上司 adj.更好的，更高的
superior本身含比较的意味，因此无比较级和最高级， 用于比较时用介词to，而不用than。 be superior to be superior in 比??强，优于 在某方面强
He felt superior in mathematics to John. 他觉得自己的数学比约翰强。
3．be in control of 掌管，控制(某物)
control前无冠词。注意与in the control of 或in one's
control(在??的控制下，由??掌管)的区别。 Mr. Smith is in control of the class. 史密斯先生管理这个班。
过去完成时 1．(2012· 海淀期末练习)The government announced that six highways by the end of last year.
C．have been built
D．had been built
解析：考查动词的时态和语态。从后面的by the end of
last year可知，动作发生在“过去的过去”，谓语动词用 过去完成时，且由语意可知应用被动语态。故选D项。 答案： D
2．(2012· 苏北四市调研) — Has Yang Liping returned
from Yunnan yet? I'd like to meet her.
— Sorry. She A．has been C．had been back here only for last weekend. B．would be D．was
见到杨丽萍，因为她只是回来过了上周的周末，这里 是对过去动作的一般叙述，因此使用一般过去时。 答案： D
3．(2012· 南昌调研) We carved their names on the stone so that the younger generation should know what their forefathers A．did for the nation. B．had done
4．— Peter, where did you guys go for the summer
— We busy with our work for months, so we
went to the beach to relax ourselves. A．were C．had been B．have been D．would be
后半句中的时态可知答语前半句表示的是过去的过去， 所以用过去完成时。 答案： C
5．Mr Li arrived at the Wuchang Railway Station twenty minutes ago, but the train to Guangzhou yet.
minutes ago 可知，Mr Li到达车站是在20分钟前。因
此，火车还没有来是到目前为止还没到，应该用现在 完成时态。 答案： C
佩海伦是因为她对生活的乐观(optimistic)。出生后不久 (shortly)，她就失聪，两眼失明了，但她从不灰心 (discourage)，努力过着积极的生活。她很聪明，对周围的 各种(various)事物充满了好奇(curious)。在老师的指导
海伦为我们树立了光辉的榜样，她的品质(quality)激励 (inspire)着我们，我们都敬佩(look up to)她。
It's well known that Helen Keller was a great and
successful woman, we admire her because she was optimistic about life. Shortly after she was born, she became deaf and blind. But she was never discouraged and struggled to lead an active life. She was bright and curious
about the various things around her. Under the guidance
of her teacher, she became a famous writer. Helen set an excellent example to us. Her quality inspires us and we all look up to her. 返回
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