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2012届高三英语一轮复习选修8Unit4(人教版新课标)


Unit 4 Pygmalion Ⅰ.多项选择 Ⅰ.多项选择 1.Do you approve of the idea that success can be measured________money alone? A.in case of C.in the opinion of B.in terms of D.in favor of

解析: 考查介词短语。 根据,按照; 万一…… ……; 解析:选 B。考查介词短语。in terms of 根据,按照;in case of 万一……;in the opinion of 依……的看法;in favor of 赞成,支持。句意:你赞同成功可以只用金钱来 ……的看法; 赞成,支持。句意: 的看法 衡量的观点吗? 衡量的观点吗? 2.—Don’t __________ your friends’ trust or you will lose friendship. —What you said is right. A.satisfy C.witness B.excite D.betray

解析: 句意: 不要辜负朋友对你的信任,否则,你会失去友谊。”“你说得 解析:选 D。句意:“不要辜负朋友对你的信任,否则,你会失去友谊。”“你说得 ”betray“背叛 背叛” 符合句意。satisfy“使满意 使满意” excite“使激动 使兴奋” 使激动, 对 。 ”betray“ 背叛” ,符合句意。 satisfy“ 使满意 ” ; excite“使激动, 使兴奋” ; witness“当场见到;目击” witness“当场见到;目击”。 当场见到 watch, 3.He went back to the hall to try his__________at finding his lost gold watch, but never found it. A.fortune C.result B.best D.hard

解析: sth.意为 碰运气做某事” 意为“ 解析:选 A。try one’s fortune at doing sth.意为“碰运气做某事”。若选 B 项, sth.。 应用 try one’s best to do sth.。 failures, 4.Because of their continuous failures,my enthusiasm for Chinese football team gradually__________. A.faded away C.gave up B.ran out D.died out

解析: 逐渐消失;消退。 用完,其主语通常是物; 解析:选 A。fade away 逐渐消失;消退。run out 用完,其主语通常是物;give up 放弃;die out 灭绝。 放弃; 灭绝。 5.—What did he come here for? especially —He came here especially to________your acquaintance. A.take B.get

C.make

D.produce

解析: 意为“结识某人; ……相识 相识” 解析:选 C。 make one’s acquaintance 意为“结识某人;与……相识”。 年阳泉质检) 6.(2011 年阳泉质检)—Where is Frank? —He is __________ his planting done in the garden before the rain comes. A.taking C.getting getting B.hoping D.giving

解析:选 C。本题考查动词用法。get sth.done 使得某事被做。四个词中只有 get 可 解析: 本题考查动词用法。 使得某事被做。 以跟过去分词作宾补。 以跟过去分词作宾补。 __________, 7.This naughty boy is really __________,which makes his mother upset. A.attractive C.troublesome B.active D.anxious

解析: 考查形容词词义辨析。 令人烦恼的。 吸引人的; 解析:选 C。考查形容词词义辨析。troublesome 令人烦恼的。attractive 吸引人的; 活跃的; 焦虑的。 active 活跃的;anxious 焦虑的。 8.He never __________ to help those in trouble because he was a kind-hearted kind- man. A.handled C.hesitated B.hurried D.determined

解析: 考查动词词义辨析。句意:帮助那些有困难的人,他从来都不犹豫, 解析:选 C。考查动词词义辨析。句意:帮助那些有困难的人,他从来都不犹豫,因为 他是一个善良的人。 处理; 匆忙; 决定,都与语境不符。 他是一个善良的人。handle 处理;hurry 匆忙;determine 决定,都与语境不符。 Greece eece, Spain, 9.I wanted to go to Greece,and my wife wanted to go to Spain,so we __________ on Italy. A.resigned C.promised B.compromised D.disguised

解析: 考查动词词义辨析。 听任,顺从; 解析:选 B。考查动词词义辨析。resign 听任,顺从;compromise 以折中方法解决争 许诺; 伪装。根据句意, 为最佳答案。句意为:我想去希腊, 论;promise 许诺;disguise 伪装。根据句意,B 为最佳答案。句意为:我想去希腊,可我 妻子想去西班牙,于是我们折中了一下,去意大利。 妻子想去西班牙,于是我们折中了一下,去意大利。 10.In their efforts to persuade us to buy that product,shopkeepers have made 10. efforts product, a close study of human nature and have __________ all our little weaknesses. A.divided C.classified B.arranged D.separated

解析: 考查动词词义辨析。 意为“ ……分类 分类” 句意: 解析:选 C。考查动词词义辨析。classify 意为“把……分类”。句意:在商家向我 们推销商品的努力中,他们已经研究了人的本性和弱点。 们推销商品的努力中,他们已经研究了人的本性和弱点。 性和弱点 Ⅱ.完成句子 Ⅱ.完成句子 ________________(似乎被淡忘了 似乎被淡忘了)and 1.The idea ________________(似乎被淡忘了)and the club was never formed.(fade) 解析:考查动词用法。 淡忘” out,该短语是不及物动词短语, 解析:考查动词用法。“淡忘”应表达为 fade out,该短语是不及物动词短语,无被 动语态形式。 动语态形式。 答案:seemed to fade out 答案: ________________(也许永远不会为人所知 也许永远不会为人所知)had 2.The cave ________________(也许永远不会为人所知)had not the entrance been pot-holer,Berger.(discover) spotted by French pot-holer,Berger.(discover) 解析:考查情态动词的用法。 意为“可能做了某事” 解析:考查情态动词的用法。might have done sth 意为“可能做了某事”。 答案: 答案:might never have been discovered I ________________(甘心忍受 甘心忍受) 3. don’t know why the woman ________________(甘心忍受) her husband’s cruelty to her in the past few years.(term) 解析: 考查动词时态与动词短语。 甘心忍受某事”可表达为 come to terms with sth., “ sth., 解析: 考查动词时态与动词短语。 甘心忍受某事” the 可知用现在完成时。 由 in the past few years 可知用现在完成时。 答案: 答案:has come to terms with quality, ________________(比其 4.In terms of quality,the product of our company is ________________(比其 他公司的好) 他公司的好).(superior) 解析: 考查形容词和代词的指代用法。 superior 是一个无比较结构的形容词, 比…… 是一个无比较结构的形容词, 解析: 考查形容词和代词的指代用法。 “ to; product。 好”应表达为 be superior to;为避免重复用 that 指代 the product。 答案: other 答案:superior to that of other companies 5 . I explained to her that last night it was already eleven p . m. ________________(飞机起飞) ________________(飞机起飞),so I didn’t ring to disturb her. (take) 飞机起飞 解析:考查状语从句。 when, 起飞” off, 解析:考查状语从句。由句意可知要使用连词 when,“起飞”应表达为 take off,据 此可知答案。 此可知答案。 答案: 答案:when the plane took off 6.I didn’t know his telephone number otherwise I ________________(会给他 otherwise ________________(会给他 打电话) 打电话).(telephone) 解析: 引导的虚拟结构,本句是对过去时间的虚拟, 解析:考查 otherwise 引导的虚拟结构,本句是对过去时间的虚拟,因此要用完成体 结构。 结构。

答案: 答案:would have telephoned him 7 . He ________________( 仍 拿 不 定 主 意 )over whether to join the

expedition.(hesitate) 解析:考查动词时态。由语境可知, 是目前持续着的动作, 解析:考查动词时态。由语境可知,hesitate 是目前持续着的动作,因此用现在进行 时。 答案: hesitating 答案:is still hesitating 8.________________(无论他多么晚),his mother would wait for him to have dinner ________________(无论他多么晚) 无论他多么晚 together.(however) 解析: 引导的让步状语从句,其结构是: adj./adv.+其他。 解析:考查 however 引导的让步状语从句,其结构是:However + adj./adv.+其他。 答案: 答案:However late he was ________________(我们才理解 我们才理解)the 9.Not until the teacher explained it again ________________(我们才理解)the sentence.(sense) sentence.(sense) 解析: 考查倒装。 until 从句置于句首, Not 从句置于句首, 主句部分倒装。 理解” 解析: 考查倒装。 主句部分倒装。 理解”应表达为 make sense “ of. 答案: 答案:did we make sense of 10 . They soon realized that , unless carefully ______________( 处 理 ) , the situation would become even worse.(deal) 解析:考查句子省略。 处理” with;本句的主、从句主语一致, 解析:考查句子省略。“处理”应表达为 deal with;本句的主、从句主语一致,即 有语态上的被动关系,故使用过去分词。 they 与 deal with 有语态上的被动关系,故使用过去分词。 答案: 答案:dealt with Ⅲ.完形填空 Ⅲ.完形填空 Words: 难度系数: 建议用时: Words:360 难度系数:☆☆ 建议用时:12′ 年皖南八校联考)One (2011 年皖南八校联考)One day I pulled up to my apartment building and noticed __1 there was a father and daughter __1__ some things from a moving truck.Normally I’m __2 particular day,though, me; shy away from contact with __2__.That particular day,though,something was in me; __3__, people, __4 I can’t explain __3__,but I felt like I should just help these people,even __4__ something as seemingly unimportant as unloading a truck.So I __5__ and introduced __5 myself, town, a(n)__6 myself,welcomed them to the town,and asked them to give me a(n)__6__ to put some flip-flops(夹趾拖鞋)on, 夹趾拖鞋)on proper shoes on.After I had flip-flops(夹趾拖鞋)on,I went over and helped them __7 move all of their __7__ into the apartment.

finished, __8 After we finished,we talked some and I got to know my new __8__.It might seem unimportant, __9 unimportant,but it seems like people are less __9__ and friendly to their neighbors days; __10 that, 10__ __11 11__ these days;I wanted to __10__ that,at least in my small __11__ block.So we did talk, Florida, talk,and they’re from Florida,just like me. __12 12__ life, __13 13__ At that __12__ time in my life,I was going through a really difficult __13__ girlfriend with my girlfriend of 7 years.I didn’t feel like helping anyone or doing anything __14__,but I figured why not?And I’m glad I did.Also,as __15__ would have it, __14__, not? did.Also, __15__ it, 14__ 15 their daughter is my age(college student)and we each had a mutual(相互的)__16__in 相互的)__16__in mutual(相互的)__16 friendship, months, one another.This developed into a friendship,and in the coming months,probably more. __17 17__ itself, The __17__ was the act itself,though.I got to know my new neighbors and made __18 18__.And then, some new friends in the __18__.And I felt really good about it.Since then,I’ve __19 19__ other __20 20__.So far, tried __19__ my comfort zone to perform other unplanned acts of __20__.So far, so good.I’d encourage everyone else to do the same! 1.A.stealing C.unloading B.burdening D.packing

解析: 解析:选 C。根据下文 from a moving truck 及 something as seemingly unimportant 可知是从车上卸东西。 as unloading a truck 可知是从车上卸东西。 2.A.teachers C.friends B.strangers D.parents

解析: 新来的邻居,应该属于陌生人。句意:通常我都不愿意和陌生人接触。 解析:选 B。新来的邻居,应该属于陌生人。句意:通常我都不愿意和陌生人接触。 3.A.which C.what B.why D.when

解析: something。句意: 解析:选 C。根据前文 something was in me 所以本空格内应该是指 something。句意: 我内心有某种东西,我不能解释是什么(东西) what。 我内心有某种东西,我不能解释是什么(东西),故用 what。 4.A.with C.for B.about D.on

解析: 选 此处的介词, 此处的介词, 应该和前边的动词 构成搭配, 意思为“帮助某人某事” 解析: A。 应该和前边的动词 help 构成搭配, 意思为“帮助某人某事”。 是符合这个意思的固定搭配。 help somebody with something 是符合这个意思的固定搭配。此题难点在于很多同学看不 的联系。 出与动词 help 的联系。

5.A.came up C.came out

B.came on D.came back

解析: 走近。 on[祈使语气 跟我来!来吧!快点来!进步, 祈使语气] 解析:选 A。come up 来,走近。come on[祈使语气]跟我来!来吧!快点来!进步, 发展; 出来; 开出, 书等)出版; 回来,想起来,复原,恢复。 发展;come out 出来;(花)开出,(书等)出版;come back 回来,想起来,复原,恢复。 6.A.moment C.hour B.hand D.break

解析:选 A。根据句意:给我点时间去换鞋。 解析: 根据句意:给我点时间去换鞋。 7.A.treasure C.furniture B.goods D.belongings

解析: 珍贵的东西; 货物; 家具; 所有物、 解析:选 D。treasure 珍贵的东西;goods 货物;furniture 家具;belongings 所有物、 财产、行李。根据语境,新搬来的邻居,应该包含所有物。 财产、行李。根据语境,新搬来的邻居,应该包含所有物。 8.A.neighbors C.students B.girlfriend D.classmates

解析: 根据句意可知应该是和新邻居交谈 句意可知应该是和新邻居交谈。 解析:选 A。根据句意可知应该是和新邻居交谈。 9.A.open C.curious B.afraid D.lucky

解析: 愿意接受…… ……的 意思。 解析:选 A。be open to 是“愿意接受……的”意思。 10. 10.A.change C.receive B.accept D.observe

解析: 句意:我决定改变这种情况。 解析:选 A。句意:我决定改变这种情况。 11. 11.A.house C.apartment B.school D.company

解析: 意为“公寓大楼” 句意:至少在我这个公寓大楼里要 解析:选 C。apartment block 意为“公寓大楼”,句意:至少在我这个公寓大楼里要 改变这种现状。 改变这种现状。 12. 12.A.particular C.normal B.common D.usual

解析:选 A。根据上文照应“Normally I’m shy away from contact with __2__.That 解析: 根据上文照应“Normally __2 day,though, me”可知是在叙述那 particular day,though,something was in me”可知是在叙述那 particular day 发生 的事情, particular。 的事情,所以答案为 particular。 13. 13.A.breakout B.breakup

C.breakthrough

D.breakdown

解析: 分离,分手,分裂。 解析:选 B。breakup 分离,分手,分裂。 14. 14.A.primitive C.meaningless B.positive D.important

解析: 解析:选 B。根据文章意思可知作者由于失恋不愿意去帮助别人或者去做一些积极向上 的事。 的事。 15.A.luck 15. C.success B.accident D.result

解析: 为固定词组“碰巧” 解析:选 A。as luck would have it 为固定词组“碰巧”。 16. 16.A.choice C.love B.habit D.interest

解析: interest。 解析:选 D。根据后面介词 in 可知答案首选 interest。 17. 17.A.award C.reward B.chance D.prize

解析: 回报。句意:但是回报正是这个行为本身。 解析:选 C。reward 回报。句意:但是回报正是这个行为本身。 18. 18.A.game C.program B.process D.direction

解析: 在这过程中。 解析:选 B。in the process 在这过程中。 19. 19.A.expanding C.reducing B.decreasing D.closing

解析: zone“一个让人感觉舒适而满意的环境 这里指, 一个让人感觉舒适而满意的环境” 解析:选 A。comfort zone“一个让人感觉舒适而满意的环境”这里指,自己的交往范 扩大(范围等) 使增加;扩张;使膨胀。 围。expand 扩大(范围等);使增加;扩张;使膨胀。 20. 20.A.success C.kindness B.courage D.consideration

解析: 意为“善举” 解析:选 C。acts of kindness 意为“善举”。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Words:455 难度系数:☆☆ 建议用时:7′ Words: 难度系数: 建议用时: Isaac Stern was more than a great violin player.He was one of the most honored musicians in the world, an international cultural ambassador.And he was also a teacher and activist.For more than sixty years, Mr.Stern performed excellent

music.He performed in concerts around the world and on recordings. Isaac Isaac Stern was born in 1920 in Ukraine.His parents moved to California the following year.He began taking violin lessons after hearing a friend play the Conservatory(旧 instrument.Later, he began studying music at the San Francisco Conservatory(旧 金山音乐学院) quickly.When 金山音乐学院).He progressed quickly.When he was sixteen, he played with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra.The next year, he performed in New York and was praised by music critics. Isaac Stern became one of the busiest musicians of his day.He played more than year.He one hundred concerts a year.He also became one of the most recorded musicians in history.Isaac Stern also supported artistic development and freedom. In 1979, Isaac Stern visited China.He met with Chinese musicians and students.He taught them about classical Western music.His visit was made into a film.It is called was Mozart: From Mao to Mozart:Isaac Stern in China.It won an Academy Award for best documentary film. In 1984, Isaac Stern received the Kennedy Center Honors Award for his gifts to American culture through music.He expressed his thoughts about the part that thoughts music plays in life.He said music is an important part of a civilized life.He said people need music as much as they need bread. eighty- Isaac Stern died in 2001 at the age of eighty-one.He was a major influence century.He on music in the twentieth century.He leaves the world richer with his many recordings. 的一些经历。 【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了著名的小提琴演奏家 Isaac Stern 的一些经历。 解题导语】 1.What did Isaac Stern think of music? A.Necessary. C.Entertaining. B.Difficult. D.Interesting.

解析: 推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段的最后两句话“He 解析:选 A。推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段的最后两句话“He said music is an important part of a civilized life.He said people need music as much as they need bread.”可知。 bread.”可知。 可知 2.The passage mentioned Isaac Stern’s visit to China mainly to __________. A.encourage people to develop the international relationship

B.advise the readers to take up music C.introduce more achievements of Isaac Stern D.show he acted as an international cultural ambassador 解析: 推理判断题。根据文章的上下文以及文章第一段的第二句话“He 解析:选 D。推理判断题。根据文章的上下文以及文章第一段的第二句话“He was one world, of the most honored musicians in the world,an international cultural ambassador.” 可知。 可知。 3.Which of the following statements is TRUE about Isaac Stern? following A.He was born in California in the 1920s. B.He had visited many countries to advertise his recordings. C.He played less than one hundred concerts in all. D.His excellent music life lasted over 60 years. 解析: 细节理解题。根据文章第二段的第一句话“Isaac 解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据文章第二段的第一句话“Isaac Stern was born in 1920 Ukraine.”可知 项不正确; 根据文章第一段第二句: in Ukraine.”可知 A 项不正确; 根据文章第一段第二句: “He was one of...ambassador.” 可知他访问了很多的国家是为了国际之间文化的交流, 可知他访问了很多的国家是为了国际之间文化的交流,而不是为了宣传自己的专辑, 而不是为了宣传自己的专辑,所以 B 项不正确;根据文章第三段的第二句话“He 项不正确;根据文章第三段的第二句话“He played more than one hundred concerts a year.”可知 项不正确;根据上下文可知, 岁的时候就开始表演, year.”可知 C 项不正确;根据上下文可知,他从 16 岁的时候就开始表演,81 岁的时候去 多年, 项是正确的。 世,所以他的音乐人生经历了 60 多年,所以 D 项是正确的。 所以他的音乐人生经历了 4.From the passage, we can infer that __________. A.Isaac Stern influenced the culture in the 20th century a lot B.Isaac Stern was one of the most active musicians of his day C.Isaac Stern was so busy that he couldn’t spare time to educate the youth D.Isaac Stern led a rich life in his later life 解析: 推理判断题。 解析:选 B。推理判断题。根据文章中他的音乐经历可以推知他是他所在的年代里最活 跃的音乐家之一。 跃的音乐家之一。 5.What will be the best title for the passage? A.Isaac Stern and the awards he got B.Isaac Stern’s life of pursuing music Stern: C.Isaac Stern:one of the most honored musicians D.Isaac Stern’s visit to China 解析: 主旨大意题。根据文章的上下文以及文章大意可知。 解析:选 C。主旨大意题。根据文章的上下文以及文章大意可知。


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