当前位置:首页 >> >> 6妙解第一篇第九章非谓语动词(已解密20101105)

6妙解第一篇第九章非谓语动词(已解密20101105)


词 法 MORPHOLOGY

第九章 非谓语动词
9 . 1 . 巧记动词不定式的用法

    动词不定式是中学英语中一个较难的语法项目, 如何快速记忆 和准确使用它呢? 请看下面一则口诀: 不定式有标记,to 与动原连一起 ① ? 没有人称数变化,动词特点它具备 ② ? 疑问词与不定式,构成短语有意义 ⑤ ? not 加上不定式,否定结构要牢记 ④ ? 主宾定状表补语,唯独作谓不可以 ③ ?

仔细推敲多思考,准确判断有依据 ⑥ ?

说明
1 2 它没有人称和数的变化,不管主语是任何人称?单数还是复数,动词不定式 3 它具有名词?形容词和副词三大特征,所以,它在句中可以作主语?宾语?定 4 not + 动词不定式 ” 是它的否定形式, 不要受其他否定式的影响, 要记住 to + 动词原形” 是它的基本构成形式,即不定式的标记?

都没有变化? 但它仍保留动词的特点,可以有自己的宾语和状语? 语?表语?状语和宾补? 规律?

不定式在句中可以作主语?宾语?表语?状语? 作出准确的判断?

5 疑问代词( what,who,whom,which) 和疑问副词( where,when,why,how) 加上 6 通过以上分析,只要仔细研究,把不定式的功能用法搞清楚,在应用时就能

1. Our parents often tell us not         alone in the river in summer.

给下列各题选出一个最佳答案? A. swim C. swimming

B. to swim

 126

2. Alice asked me         for her. A. get C. to get

(2007 ?长沙卷)

another bag

Our teacher always tell us         more English in and out of class. A. speak C. to speak 8. He came         book. A. to show C. shows D. speaking B. spoken

第九章  非谓语动词

B. got

D. getting

3. Drivers are warned         are tired. A. to drive 4. C. not to drive

(2007 ?北京卷)

when they

me his new science B. show D. showed

(2006 ?重庆卷)

B. not drive (2007 ?佛山市卷)

Linda,I am very thirsty.         A. buy

9. Last summer I took a course on         the computer. C. to use A. how to use D. used B. how to be used

(2006 ?重庆新课标卷)

Let’s go to the nearest supermarket some drinks,OK? B. bought D. buying

C. to buy tion. So the

10. The chair looks very hard, but in fact, it is very comfortable         . A. to sit C. to be sat A. staying C. stayed     B. to sit on D. to be sat on B. to stay you not    

5. Cars cause most of Beijing’s air pollu( 活动) asks Beijing drivers         A. leave        B. leaving C. to leave 6. han? their cars at home one day each month. (2006 ?哈尔滨卷)

(2007 ?齐齐哈尔卷)

No Car Day” campaign 11. Where         been decided.

for the night has not

12. It is impolite         A. for;to go C. of;to go

D. stay

Have you decided         cheaper than by plane.

to Wu-

to the theatre with your friend. D. of;go B. for;go

Yes. I’ll go there by train. It’s much 13. The greatest happiness of life is A. when to go C. where to go B. how to go         and         . A. loved;love B. love;loved C. to love;loved D. whom to go

7. ( 课改实验区考生做)         A. do for you?

(2006 ?湖北宜昌卷)

You are so busy. What do you want me 14.         C. to do D. doing B. done

D. to love;to be loved

thing;to know English is quite another. A. Knowing C. To be known   D. Knew   B. To know

all about English is one

( 非课改实验区考生做)

 127

15.        

词 法 MORPHOLOGY

Key:1. B  2. C  3. C  4. C  5. C  6. B  7. C  8. A  9. A  10. B 11. B  12. C  13. D  14. B  15. A

what he said.

honest, I don’t care about

A. To be C. Being

B. To do D. Be

    不定式作某些及物动词的宾语补足语须省略 to, 而作主语补足 语时必须恢复 to? 这种现象可总结为口诀: 不定式作宾补,下列动词 to 省去: 五看?三使役,二听一感半帮助? 若是宾补变主补,to 字面目要恢复?

9 . 2 . to 字离开又回来

说明
I saw him leave the room. 我看见他离开了房间? 五看:see,watch,notice,observe,look at? 如:

They watched the sun set behind the trees. Did you notice me leave the house? I looked at him jump. 我看着他跳的? 他们看着太阳在树后面落下去? 你有没有注意到我离开那座房子? 三使役:let,make,have? 如: 她让孩子呆到很晚不睡觉?

She lets her children stay up very late.

The landlord made the farmhands work long hours. 那地主强迫长工长时间劳动? 二听:hear,listen to? 如: The soldiers had him stand with his back to his father. 士兵们让他背对着他父亲站着? We often hear her sing. 我们常听见她唱歌? 请听我唱支歌?

Please listen to me sing a song. 一感:feel? 如:

 128

Did you feel the earth move? 你感到地震动了吗? 如:

第九章  非谓语动词

半帮助:help? 指动词不定式作 help 的宾语补足语时, 可带 to, 也可不带 to? Will you help me ( to) find my pen? 请帮我找找钢笔,好吗? 以上句子若是变为被动句, 则宾语补足语变成主语补足语, 并且不定式符号

to” 要恢复? 如:

He was seen to leave the room.

The farmhands were made to work long hours. She was heard to sing in the next room.

1.

national flag of China? A. feel C. felt

How do you feel when you see the It makes me         B. to feel proud.

给下列各题选出一个最佳答案? A. to do        B. do C. doing         A. sing D. done

D. feeling

5. Jane likes singing. We often hear her after class. C. sings B. to sing D. sang (2006 ?河北卷)

(2006 ?徐州卷)

2. Linda often helps her mother         the housework on weekends. A. do B. doing C. does

(2007 ?包头卷)

6. Though he had often made his little sister         , today he was made         A. cry;to cry C. cry;cry A. to make C. make by his little sister. B. crying;crying D. to cry;cry

3. Time goes by so fast. We must never parents and make them         much they mean to us. A. to know C. know B. knowing (2007 ?哈尔滨卷) this or that.

(2007 ?常德卷)

miss the chance to show love for our

how 7. Don’t let the dog         any noise. 8. He can not help but         was wrong. A. admit C. to admit B. admitting D. made B. making that he

4. Don’t make me         I’m too busy!

Key:1. A  2. A  3. C  4. A  5. D  6. A  7. C  8. A

D. has admitted

 129

词 法 MORPHOLOGY 9 . 3 . 感官使役动词用法口诀
   

感使动词真奇怪,to 在句中像妖怪? 主动句里 to 走开,被动句里 to 回来? 动词 let 要除外,to 词可来可不来?

说明
1 The boss made Bob work twelve hours a day. 2 We often hear her sing in the next room. Bob was made to work twelve hours a day.

3 Her mother doesn’t let her watch TV late. She isn’t let to watch TV late. She isn’t let watch TV late.

She is often heard to sing in the next room.

1.

what they’re not         . A. to do;interested C. do;interested in I agree. B. to do;interested in D. doing;interested in

Many teenagers are made        

给下列各题选出一个最佳答案? getic or sleepy. C. felt A. to feel      B. feeling D. feel 4. I heard mother         A. talk street. C. to talk A. play (2006 ?南京卷) with father in

the next room at ten last night. B. talking

2. This photo often makes me         my teachers in the primary school. A. think      B. to think C. thinks D. thinking

(2007 ?呼和浩特卷)

of 5. Don’t have the boy         C. to play B. playing D. played

D. is talking

in the

3. Colours can change our moods and make us         happy or sad,ener-

(2007 ?吉林卷)

6. Let him         A. not to come C. not come

Key:1. B  2. A  3. D  4. B  5. A  6. C

D. coming not

B. to not come

into the office.

 130

第九章  非谓语动词

    先请看下面两个句子:         1. It’s right of you to do it.         2. It’s easy for you to do it. 这两个句子的结构相同, 为什么句 2 用 for, 句 1 却用 of 呢? 换句 话说,在 It is + adj. + of( for) + sb. to do sth. ” 这个句型中,怎样确定用 of 还是用 for 呢?

9 . 4 . of 与 for 的选用有巧法

说明

在一般情况下,我们可使用以下两条规则来解决 of 与 for 的纠葛?

构成的主谓关系( 主语 + 连系动词 + 形容词 ) 合乎逻辑, 应用 of? 如句 1 变成 You are right. 合乎逻辑? 如: It is kind of you to help me. 你帮助我真是太好了? It was foolish of us to do so. 我们这样做真是太傻了? 常用于 该 句 型 的 形 容 词 有: right, kind, nice, good, clever, wise, polite, brave, strong,wrong,foolish 等? 所构成的主谓关系不合逻辑,则用 for? 如句 2 变成 You are easy. 不合乎逻辑? 再 如: It’s difficult for me to work out the problem. 我要算出这道题目太难了? It’s very important for students to learn English well. 对于学生们来说,学好英语是很重要的? 常 用 于 该 句 型 的 形 容 词 有: easy, difficult, hard, important, impossible, safe, dangerous,necessary 等? 一? 请用 of 或 for 填空? 2 如果这个形容词所表示的不是 sb. 的某种特征或品质,即句中的 sb. 和 adj.

1 如果句中的形容词表示的是 sb. 的某种特征或品质,即句中的 sb. 和 adj. 所

1. 2. 3. 4.

It’s hard         my brother to do the job. It was wrong         you to say such words yesterday. It is polite         you to come here on time. It’s too easy         you to do the work.

 131

二? 给下列各题选出一个最佳答案? 1. It’s very nice         pictures for me. (2007 ?贵阳卷) A. of you to draw 3. It’s polite for students         hello B. . for you to draw to teachers. C. for you drawing A. to say B. saying D. of you drawing C. says (2007 ?天津卷) (2007 ?齐齐哈尔卷) 2. Many people think it’s very important 4. Be quiet! It’s time         an Eng        us         learn English lish class. well. A. for us to have B. of us to have A. for,to        B. to,to C. for us having C. with,for (2007 ?常德卷) Key:一? l. for  2. of  3. of  4. for 二? 1. A  2. A  3. A  4. A

词 法 MORPHOLOGY

动词不定式和-ing 动词作宾语是历年中考的热点,而接这两种形式 的动词又比较复杂? 有的动词后只接-ing 动词作宾语;有的动词只接不 定式作宾语;有的动词既可接不定式, 也可接动词-ing 作宾语? 学生很 难掌握? 现把初中阶段的这些动词进行归类,采用记两头定中间的方式进行记 忆:( 见图) doing A to do C to do / doing B

9 . 5 . 巧记须跟非谓语动词作宾语的动词

    A. 在初中阶段只接 动 词-ing 形 式 作 宾 语 的 词 有: enjoy ( 喜 欢 ) , finish( 结束 ) , mind ( 介意 ) , keep ( 保 持 ) , feel like ( 想 要 ) , practise ( 训 练) ,can’t help( 忍不住 ) ,prefer. . . to. . . ( 比起 来还是 好; 喜欢 ( 而不喜欢 ) ) 等? 为了方便记忆,笔者提供一句口诀来记忆这些单词: 保持喜欢( 不) 介意,忍不住想要结束训练? We kept ( on) passing the ball to each other. 我们不停地相互传球? I enjoy swimming. 我喜欢游泳? I prefer reading to watching TV. 相对于看电视,我更喜欢读书? Do you mind me smoking? 你介意我抽烟吗? We can’t help laughing at last. 最后我们忍不住笑了起来?

 132

But I don’t feel like eating. 但是我不想吃? He has finished doing his homework already. 他已经做完了他的家庭 作业? B. 在初中阶段既能接动词不定式又能接动词-ing 作宾语的词并不 多,同时又分两种情况? 1. 动词后接动词不定式和动词-ing 形式作宾语, 意思相差不大的 单词有:begin( 开始 ) ,start ( 开始 ) ,like ( 喜欢 ) ,love ( 爱 ) ,hate ( 讨厌; 恨) ,prefer( 更喜欢) ? 为方便记忆,特提供顺口溜如下: 我开始喜欢爱与恨,更喜欢这些单词? (1) begin 和 start 后接动词不定式和动词-ing 形式,意思差别不大? 如: They began to talk( talking) about it. 他们开始谈论这事? They started to work( working) on the machine. 他们开始在机床上工作了? (2)like,love,hate,prefer 后接动词不定式和动词-ing 形式时,含义稍有 不同? 如: He likes listening to music. ( 表示习惯性的爱好) 他喜欢听音乐? He likes to listen to Happy Birthday to You this evening. ( 表示具体的一次行为) 今晚他喜欢听‘ 祝你生日快乐“ 这首歌? He prefers swimming. 他更爱好游泳? He prefers to swimming. 他更喜欢去游泳? 2. 初中阶段有些动词, 如: remember,forget,stop,try,go on 等, 后 接-ing 动词或不定式作宾语,意义有很大的差别? 见下表:
stop 停止做手头上的事( 不做了) 动词后接 v. -ing 形式 后接动词不定式 停下手头上的事去做另一件事 忘记去干某事( 该做而却没有做) 尽力去做某事 接着去做某事( 指另一件事)

第九章  非谓语动词

remember go on try

forget

记得曾做过某事( 是否已做了) 记住要去做某事( 该做而还没有做) 尝试着做某事 继续做某事( 指同一件事)

忘记曾做过某事( 事已做了)

    为了方便记忆,请尝试如下顺口溜 : 尝试继续不停止,尽力记住不忘记? Why not try going to school by bike? 为什么不骑自行车上学呢? We should try to study English. 我们应该尽力把英语学好? After she finished reading,she went on to write. 她读完了又接着写?

 133

She went on doing her homework all through the day. 她昨天一整天都在做作业? When the teacher came in,the students stopped talking. 当老师进来时,学生们停止了讲话? When the teacher went out,the students stopped to talk. 当老师出去时,学生们开始讲话? I remember opening the door just now. 我记得刚才开了那门? Please remember to close the door after work. 记住下班后关门? I forgot telling him the news. 我忘记已经告诉他这个消息了? I forgot to tell him the news. 我忘记告诉他这个消息了? C. 在初中阶段有的动词只能接动词不定式作宾语? 如果记住了 属于 A 和 B 条的动词, 剩 下 的 就 属 于 C 条 了, 也 就 是 所 谓 的 记 两 头 ( A,B 条 ) 定中间 ( C 条 ) ? 这些动词 有: want, would like, ask, decide, hope,wish,find,need 等等? 举例如下: I would like to go out for a walk. 我要出去散散步? He decided to study English well. 他决定把英语学好? I found it difficult to study English. 我觉得学好英语很难? The car needs to be mended. 这辆车需要修理了?
给下列各题选出一个最佳答案?

词 法 MORPHOLOGY

1.

There goes the bell. OK. I’ll do it right now. It’s time for class. Let’s stop       . A. not closing B. not opening A. talk          B. to talk C. closing D. opening C. talking D. not talk (2007 ?黄冈卷) (2007 ?福州卷) 4. Would you mind         me now   2. Mr Wang, I have trouble               English words? the text. A. tell;to remember Remember         it three times B. telling;remember at least. C. telling;to remember A. to understand;reading D. tell;remember B. understanding;reading (2007 ?呼和浩特卷) C. understanding;to read Are you afraid of         at home, 5. D. to understand;to read Linda? (2007 ?威海卷) No,I’ve grown up. 3. So hot in the classroom. Would you A. alone        B. being alone mind         the windows? C. lonely D. being lonely

 134

(2006 ?兰州卷) 6. She ought to stop         ,she has a headache because she         too long. A. to work;was reading B. to work;has read C. working;has read D. working;read (2006 ?兰州卷) 7. Sam enjoys         stamps. And now he has 226 of them. A. to collect B. collected C. collects D. collecting (2006 ?北京卷) 8. My aunt enjoys         in this city. A. live B. lives C. to live D. living (2006 ?重庆新课标卷) 9. It’s important         the piano well. A. of him to play B. for him to play C. of him playing D. for him playing (2006 ?天津卷) 10. When class began,we stopped       to the teacher carefully. A. listening B. listen C. listens D. to listen ( 天津卷) 11. The teacher often tells Jim and John         too much time playing video games. A. not to spend B. to not spend C. don’t spend D. doesn’t spend ( 上海卷) 12. Would you mind         a few minutes? No,not at all. A. wait B. to wait C. waited D. waiting ( 重庆卷) 13. She has no paper         .

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

B. to write with D. to write on ( 重庆卷) He found it hard         his class. A. to catch up B. catch up with C. catch up D. to catch up with ( 重庆卷) Thank you for         me with my English. A. help B. to help C. helping D. helped ( 哈尔滨卷) Li Ming was too tired. So he       rest. A. stops to have a B. stopped to have a C. stopped have a D. stopped having a ( 辽宁卷) Uncle Wang can make his kite         higher in the sky. A. fly B. flies C. to fly D. flying ( 河南卷) Would you please tell Kate         my best wishes to everybody? A. gave B. giving C. to give D. gives ( 山西卷) Who was the first one         ? A. to reach B. to arrive C. to get to D. to arrive at ( 济南卷) The young man was often seen         by the lake. A. to draw B. to drawing C. draw D. drew ( 济南卷) Could you please tell me         the Christmas?

A. to write C. writing on

第九章  非谓语动词

 135

词 法 MORPHOLOGY
A. B. C. D. Sure. how how how how to decorate decorate to celebrate celebrate

27.

(2004 ?黄冈卷) I’m sorry I         my exercise book at home. Don’t forget         it to school tomorrow,please. 28. A. forgot; to take B. left; to bring C. forgot; to bring D. left; to take ( 南京卷) 23. Tom’s mother told him         be late again. A. didn’t B. doesn’t C. not D. not to ( 长沙卷) 29. 24. Let’s         them play basketball, shall we? A. to watch B. watch C. watched D. watching ( 贵阳卷) 25. The teacher told us         more 30. English in class. A. speak B. speaking C. to speak D. spoke ( 贵阳卷) 26. It’s so hot. Why         swimming with us? Key: 1. C  2. C  3. D  4. C  5. B  6. B  7. D  8. D  9. B  10. D 11. A  12. D  13. D  14. D  15. C  16. B  17. A  18. C 19. B  20. A  21. C  22. B  23. D  24. B  25. C  26. A 27. A  28. C  29. C  30. D 22.

B. don’t go D. not to go ( 云南卷) Here is your hat. Don’t forget       when you         . A. to put it on; leave B. to wear it; leave C. to wear it; will leave D. putting it on; will leave ( 安徽卷) Do you often hear John         in his room? Listen! Now we can hear him         in his room. A. sing; to sing B. singing; singing C. sing; singing D. to sing; singing ( 安徽卷) When they walked along the river, they suddenly heard somebody         for help. A. called B. call C. calling D. calls ( 南昌卷) It’s time         . A. going to bed B. goes to bed C. went to bed D. to go to bed ( 贵阳卷)

A. not go C. not you go

 136


更多相关文档:
更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com