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完型高频搭配


红花绿叶词、观点态度词、完型高频搭配(王健老师)
(2012-05-30 11:19:22)

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完型

(一)红花绿叶词
红花词 however /but/yet/ although/though; while/where

as; in spite of ;no matter how; whether...or... even if/even though/even when on the contrary; rather than; on the other hand ;unlike(转折和让步---对比 关系) becasue/as; so/therefore/thereby/thus/consequently; lead to/result from ; because of/due to/owing to/on account of(因果) in fact/in effect/furthermore/moreover/in addition/besides ; still/ also; indeed/furthermore(递进) so that/so...that...(目的和结果)

and/or/as well as(并列) which/than/that(关系词) 绿叶词 if/providing/supposing; until/unless; as if/if only/lest; in case since/now that what/who/whom likewise ; forever ; other than ; but for 补充:作为正确答案的高选频词汇 Convert, reverse, respond, ignore, consume, identify, expect, maintain, increase, decrease…(动词) Substantially, significantly; incidentally, approximately; irregularly; exceedingly…; far/even/much 加强比较 级(副词) Extensive; excessive; significant; reverse, particular; vulnerable/susceptible; available; identifiable…(形容词)

Without; against; on; beyond; for(介 词)

(二)观点态度词
作者态度题: 理解全文主旨大意,体会作者的语气, 特别注意形容词的修饰。语气客观的有 保留的不那么绝对的选项为正确答案; 绝对或极端的态度或与原文形容词矛盾 的选项为干扰项 (1)褒义词:positive, supportive, sympathetic(同情的), defensive, favorable, approval, reserved consent (有保留的支持), enthusiastic, optimistic, admiring, wonderful, hopeful, enthusiastic support(热烈支 持), confident, 等 (2)贬义词: critical, negative, tolerant, worried, suspicious, skeptical, opposed, pessimistic, gloomy, apprehensive(焦虑的), confused, puzzled, indignant, disgustful,

biased, prejudiced, compromising, contemptuous(鄙视的), strong disapproval(强烈反对),cynical(愤 世嫉俗的)等。 (3)中性词:objective, neutral, impersonal(不带个人色的), detached (超然中立的)indifferent, uninterested, subjective, uninterested, 等 (三)完型或阅读中的高频搭配 (1) be vulnerable to 易受…影响 be immune to 不受…影响;免受… be indifferent to 对…漠不关心 be sensitive to 对…敏感 be identical to 和…完全一样 be similar to 和…相似 be contrary to 与…相反 be aware/conscious of 意识到… be ignorant of… 不懂… be keen on/be fond of 喜爱… be tired/weary of 对…厌倦

be bored with 对…厌倦 be proud of 以…自豪 be ashamed of 对…感到羞愧 be superior to 优于…,比…高级 be inferior to 劣于…, 比…差 be preferable to 比…更可取/更好 be comparable to 可与…相提并论/相 比 be equivalent to 相当于… 等值于… be parallel to 与…平行,类型于… be partial to 偏袒...偏爱... be bound for 前往...,开往... be bound to 一定 be liable/apt/prone to 易于... be particular about 对...挑剔/讲究 be curious about 对...好奇 be mad about 疯狂于... be compatible with 与...相容兼容 (2) be entitled to 有权利...,有资格... be devoted to 致力于

be dedicated to 献身于 be committed to 忠于... ;对...负责 be addicted to 沉溺于... be attached to 附属于... be absorbed in 专心于... be engaged in 从事... be involved in 被卷入/参与... be concerned with 关注 be concerned about 担心 be acquinted with 熟悉... ;了解... be reconciled with 与...和解 be qualified for 胜任...,有资格... be fascinated with 迷恋...,痴迷于 be related/linked to 与...有关 be connected/associated with 与...有 关 (3) belong to 属于 resort to 诉诸 comform to 遵守;符合 comply with 遵守

object to 反对 oppose to 反对 stick to 坚持 cling to 坚持 adhere to 坚持 adapt to 适应 respond to 回应 react to 回应 access to 进入;使用 contribute to 促成;导致 apply to 应用于 subscribe to 订购;认同 appeal to 呼吁;吸引 comment on 评论 remark on 议论;批评 concentrate on 集中于;专注于 focus on 集中于;聚焦于 insist on 坚持 persist in 坚持 depend/rely on 依赖于 count on 指望,依靠 approve of 批准

dispose of 处理掉 abide by 遵守 interfere with/in 干涉;干扰 participate in 参与 sweep across 横扫,席卷 acquinte sb. with 使某人熟悉 blame sb for 因...怪罪某人 provide sth for sb=provide sb with sth 给某人提供 compare...with... 把...和...比较 compare...to... 把...比作.... protect...from... 保护...不受... prevent/stop/keep/discourage/...fro m...阻止...做... deter/hinder/hamper...from... 阻止... 做... prohibit/ban...from... 禁止...做... dissuade...from... 劝阻...不要做... restrain/refrain...from...克制...不做... combine...with...把...和...结合起来 integrate...with...把...和... 一体化;使... 融入...

trade...for...用...换取... replace...with... 用...替代... substitute...for... 用...替代... range from...to...在...和...范围内变动 vary from...to... 因...而异,因...不同而 变化 remind sb of...提醒某人... accuse sb of...控告某人... charge sb with... warn sb of...警告... convince sb of...使某人相信... deprive sb of...剥夺某人的... inform sb of...通知某人... envy sb of...羡慕某人... suspect sb of...怀疑某人... (4) take actions/steps/meatures 采取行 动、步骤、措施 take effect 生效 take a course 修课程 take shelter 躲避

take turns 轮流 take a road/route 走... 的路线 make effort 努力 take pains 努力,费心 make use of 利用 take advantage of 利用 have an effect/influnce/impact on... 对...产生影响 have faith in... 相信 place an order for 订购,下订单 place/put/ lay emphasis(stress,value) on... 重视, 强调 give/attach importance(weight) to... 重视,强调 pursue a career 从事一种职业 draw/withdraw money from a bank 从银行提取现金 deposit money into a bank 往银行存 钱 run a risk/take a risk 冒险 strike a match 划火柴

strike twelve 报时 issue a license/a policy/a new book/a password 颁发;颁布;发行 perform an operation/a play/one’s duty 做手术;演戏;履行义务 seek an answer 寻找答案 fasten seat belt 系安全带 keep pace with 跟上 keep in touch with 保持联系 keep an eye on 密切关注 keep a distance from 保持距离 keep...in good condition/shape 保 持...处于良好状态 learn...by heart 记住... bear/keep...in mind 记牢,谨记 take...into consideration/account 考 虑 万能动词 Perform=execute=conduct=carry out=implement=fulfill=do


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