北京市 101 中学 2011-2012 学年高一下学期期中考试英语试题
本试卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷两部分，共 120 分。考试时间 100 分钟。
A. the better voice B. a good voice
C. the best voice
D. a better voice
33. After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane ____________ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A. took up B. picked up C. turned up D. made up
第二部分：知识运用 （共两节，35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Fred ran to the hospital all the way, arriving there ________of breath. A. without B. out C. under D. below
34. The music the pianist is playing ____________ beautiful and makes the listeners calm. A. hears B. sounds C. listens D. feels
35. Then came the __________news of his losing the game. A. disappoint B. disappointed C. disappointing D. disappointment
22. —I saw Jane and her mother in the shop around eight yesterday evening. —Impossible. She________________ TV with me in my home then. A. was watching B. is watching C. has watched D. had watched
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Peter and Paul had got permission from their parents to camp in a field near their farm. But, being adventurous boys, they knew it would be more __36__ to camp in the woods that lay beyond the river. Excitedly, the boys __37__ with their tent and food.
23. The traffic is heavy these days. I ____________ arrive a bit late, could you save me a place? A. can B. must C. need D. might
24. The road conditions there turned out to be very good, _________ was more than we expected. A. it B. what C. which D. that
25. Peter’s jacket looked just the same as Jack’s, but it cost _____________. A. as much twice B. twice as much C. much as twice D. as twice much
26. Mary went to the box office at lunch time, but all the tickets ___________out. A. would sell B. had been sold C. have been sold D. was selling Carrying their heavy __38__, the two brothers walked along the riverbank, hardly noticing the distance or the sun beating down. They were eager to reach their __39__ before lunchtime. As they entered the cool, shadowy woods, they began to search for a suitable camping spot. Peter wanted to __40__ close to the river at the edge of the woods, __41__ Paul, who was older, insisted that they camp further away. __42__, Peter followed his brother deeper into the __43__. “This really is a wonderful setting!” said Paul in excitement. They __44__ B. it C. what D. which their tent, and settled down to eat the sandwiches they had made, then decided to find their way __45__ to the river to catch some fish. “Are you sure that this is the right __46__?” whispered Peter shakily. “I’m sure we passed that hollow tree just a while ago.” Paul walked __47__ silently. “Look, there it is again. We’re lost, aren’t we?” complained Peter. Paul had to admit that he didn’t know where they were. __48__, they were a long distance from where they were __49__ to be. They were not even __50__ of where they had set up their camp. They sat in __51__ for a few minutes until Peter had a bright idea. “Why don’t we look for clues the way that trackers __52__ in the movies? We weren’t careful about how we walked, so I’m sure we would have left __53__ some broken tree branches and leaves.”
27. Women ________ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease. A. whom B. whose C. who D. /
28. The newly built café, the walls of ______________ are painted light green, is really a peaceful place for us, specially after hard work. A. that
29. The advertisement didn’t make ______ clear whether the accommodation would be provided. A. this B. that C. it D. these
30. We haven’t discussed yet ______________we are going to place our new furniture. A. where B. which C. what D. that
31.—How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car ______________ twice on the way. A. slowed down B. broke down C. got down D. put down
32. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard _______________.
Carefully, the boys __54__ the marks that they had left, until finally they found their campsite. Hurriedly, they packed their belongings and set off __55__ the direction of the river. What would their parents think of their adventure? 36. A. surprising 37. A. went round 38. A. load 39. A. grassland 40. A. live 41. A. but 42. A. Unconsciously 43. A. woods 44. A. put off 45. A. forward 46. A. place 47. A. along 48. A. After all 49. A. discovered 50. A. afraid 51. A. enjoyment 52. A. appear 53. A. behind 54. A. fetched 55. A. for B. exciting B. went back B. tent B. destination B. lie B. and B. Unfortunately B. farm B. put on B. near B. mark B. about B. At last B. encouraged B. sure B. satisfaction B. do B. out B. watched B. to C. annoying C. went away C. food C. field C. wait C. or C. Unwillingly C. setting C. put down C. back C. way C. in C. Above all C. persuaded C. informed C. disappointment C. work C. aside C. followed C. at D. frightening D. went through D. storage D. river D. stay D. so D. Uninterestingly D. camp D. put up D. further D. time D. on D. At first D. supposed D. reminded D. imagination D. behave D. around D. collected D. in
In the essay, I wrote about my desire to skydive, stating George Brush Sr. did it at age 80. Why not me? I was just 84 and in pretty good health. A year went by and I heard nothing. But then at a community party in late April 2009, they announced that I was one of the winners. I just couldn’t believe it. Inspired by this, I decided to realize my dream, even though some of my family members and my doctor were against it. On June 11, 2009, nearly 40 of my family and friends gathered in the area close to where I would land while I headed up in the airplane. My instructor, Jay, guided me through the experience. The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in, but I wasn’t frightened—I was really just looking forward to the experience. When we reached 13,000 feet, Jay instructed me to throw myself out of the plane. When we first hit the air, the wind was so strong that I could hardly breathe. For a second I thought, “What have I gotten myself into?” But then everything got calmer. We were in a free fall for about a minute before Jay opened the parachute, then we just floated downward for about five minutes. Being up in the clouds and looking at the view below was unlike anything I have ever felt—much better than the hot air balloon. I was just enjoying it. Skydiving was really one of the greatest experiences of my life. I hope other people will look at me and realize that you don’t stop living just because you are 84 years old. If there’s something you want to experience, look into it. If it’s something that is possible, make it happen. 56. What happened to the author in 2001? A. She flew an airplane C. She went on a hot air balloon ride A. make her argument persuasive C. compare their health condition A. Excited B. Scared B. She entered a competition D. She moved into a retirement community B. show her admiration for him D. build up her own reputation C. Nervous D. Regretful
57. The author mentioned George Bush Sr. in her essay to___________.
58. How did the author feel immediately after she jumped out of the plane?
B 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A “I Went Skydiving at 84!” As a young girl growing up in the 1930s, I always wanted to fly a plane, but back then it was almost unheard of for a woman to do that. I got a taste of that dream in 2001, when my husband arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday. But the experience turned out to be very dull. Around that time, I told my husband that I wanted to skydive. So when our retirement community announced that they were having an essay competition and the topic was an experience of a lifetime that you wanted to have, I decided to write about my dream.
A simple piece of clothesline hangs between some environmentally friendly Americans and their neighbors. On one side stand those who see clothes dryers (干衣机) as a waste of energy and a major polluter of the environment. As a result, they are turning to clotheslines as part of the“what-I -can- do environmentalism.” On the other side are people who are against drying clothes outside, arguing that clotheslines are unpleasant to look at. They have persuaded Homeowners Associations (HOAs) access the U.S. to stop outdoor clotheslines, because clothesline drying also tends to lower home value in the neighborhood. This had led to a Right-to-Dry Movement that is calling for laws to be passed to protect people’s right to use clotheslines. So far, only three states have laws to protect clothesline. Right-to-Dry supporters argue that there should be more.
Matt Reck, 37, is the kind of eco-conscious (有生态意识的) person who feeds his trees with bathwater and reuses water drops from his air conditioners to water plants. His family also uses a clothesline. But on July 9, 2007, the HOA in Wake Forest, North Carolina, told him that a dissatisfied neighbor had telephoned them about his clothesline. The Recks paid no attention to the warning and still dried their clothes on a line in the yard. “Many people say they are environmentally friendly but they don’t take matters into their own hands,” says Reck. The local HOA has decided not to take any action, unless more neighbors come to them.
C Have you pulled your car up to the gas pump lately and been shocked by the high price of gas? As the pump clicked past $50, $60, $70 or even $80, maybe you thought about trading in your car for something that gets better mileage (英里数). Or maybe you're worried that your car is contributing to the greenhouse effect. The car industry has the technology to address these concerns. It's the hybrid car. There are a lot of hybrid models on the market these days, and most automobile factories have announced plans to produce their own versions. To be useful to you, a car must meet certain requirements. The ear should be able to drive at least 300 miles (482 km) between refueling, be refueled quickly and easily, and keep up with the other traffic on the road. A gasoline car meets these requirements, but produces a relatively large amount of pollution and generally gets poor gas mileage. An electric car, however, produces almost no pollution, but it can only go 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km) between charges, and the problem has been that the electric car is very slow and inconvenient to recharge.
North Carolina lawmakers are saying that banning clotheslines is not the right thing to do. But HOAs and housing businesses believe that clothesline drying reminds people of poor neighborhoods. They worry that if buyers think their future neighbors can’t even afford dryers, housing prices will fall. Environmentalists say such worries are not necessary, and in view of global warming, that idea needs to change. As they say, “The clothesline is beautiful”. Hanging clothes outside should be encouraged. We all have to do at least something to slow down the process of global warming.” 59. One of the reasons why supporters of clothes dryers are trying to stop clothesline drying is that ________. A. clothes dryers are more efficient B. clothesline drying reduces home value C. clothes dryers are energy-saving D. clothesline drying is not allowed in most U.S. states 60. Who are in favor of clothesline drying? A. Housing businesses. C. Homeowners Associations. 61. What is mainly discussed in the text? A. Clothesline drying: a way to save energy and money. B. Clothesline drying: a lost art rediscovered. C. Opposite opinions on clothesline drying. D. Different varieties of clotheslines B. Environmentalists. D. Reck’s dissatisfied neighbors.
The hybrid is a compromise. It significantly increases the mileage and reduce the emissions(排放)of a gas-powered car while overcoming the shortcomings of an electric car. Most hybrid cars on the road right now are gasoline-electric hybrids, although French car maker Citroen has two diesel-electric hybrid（柴油电动混合）cars in the works. In fact, hybrid vehicles are all around us, For example, an electric bike is a type of hybrid because it combines the power of electricity with the pedal power of its rider. Most of the locomotives(机车) we see pulling trains are diesel-electric hybrids. Cities like Seattle have diesel-electric buses---these can draw electric power from overhead wires or run on diesel when they are away from the wires. Submarines are also hybrid vehicles---some are nuclear-electric and some are diesel-electric. Any vehicle that combines two or more sources of power that can directly or indirectly provide propulsion（驱动）power is a hybrid. 62. From the passage, we know the hybrid cars can do the following EXCEPT______. A. going 50 to 100 miles between charges B. recharging quickly and conveniently C. reducing environmental pollution D. driving farther between refueling 63. What does underlined word compromise mean in paragraph 5? A. product B. promise C. requirement D. solution
64. What can be learned from the last paragraph? A. Developing hybrid vehicles is a new trend. B. Only modern cities can provide hybrid cars.
C. A hybrid is more powerful and energy saving. D. What general characteristics a hybrid vehicle has. 65. What may be the best title for the passage? A. Hybrid Car---Best Seller in the Car Market B. Hybrid Car---Reputation in the Car Industry C. Hybrid Car---A Better Choice for the Future D. Hybrid Car---A New Technical Invention
F. Setting up a space in a common area of your home can be a good idea for children. G. A child who learns to organize his space will carry organization into every corner of his life.
第 II 卷 （共 35 分） 一、单词拼写（共 8 小题，每小题 0.5 分，共 4 分） 1. The fishermen are ______________（禁止）from fishing at this time of year. 2. After waiting for the super star for six hours, the fans lost their p____________ and left. 3. Her _______________(典型的) way of speaking didn’t change at all. D 4. As Beijingers, we can easily tell tourists lots of ___________in Beijing. (名胜，吸引人的地方) 5. My mother was looking out of the window a_______________ (焦急地)when we got home late last night. 6. To some people, bungee jumping can be exciting, but to me it was the most ___________ (令人恐惧
阅读短文，根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 _______66__________ Home can be a great place for children to study. It is important to provide a workspace of their own where they can read books or just write a letter to their friends. ? Location ______67______ Kitchen and dining room are not so well suited for regular study, since books and pens get in the way of the day-to-day uses of those areas. Set up a place where a child can settle in and leave papers and pens at hand without having to clear everything away each night. For a child that likes being alone, set aside a corner of his bedroom, but keep it separated from things like games, music and other hobbies not related to studying. ? Keeping Things in Order Parents should encourage their child to spread out, but to leave it neat and orderly when he isn’t using his workspace. Ownership is very important for self-respect. ______68______ The workplace should be personal, but not another part of the playroom. ? ______69________ Encourage the whole family to help build a supportive environment that children need for success in school. Give them a good example of how to deal with problems, how to manage time and get things done in the right way. ______70_______Study will be more enjoyable and effective when supported by the whole family. A. Developing a positive attitude B. Bring Organization into Your Home C. Here are several ways to choose a location D. Building a Good Home Learning Environment E. Hold a can-do attitude and your child will follow your example.
的)experience. 7. The area, which m_____________ 5×3 kilometers, has been bought by the company. 8. Miss Tracy is not a_____________ at the moment. Would you please call her later?
二、完成句子（共 6 小题，每小题 1 分，共 6 分） 1. 许多青少年沉溺于电脑游戏，这给他们的生活带来许多问题。 Lots of teenagers _____________________computer games, which has brought a lot of problems in their lives. 2. 由于各自的经历不同，人们处理问题的能力也有所不同。 （用动词词组） People ___________________ one another in their abilities of handling problems because of their experience. 3. 老师尽力地解释这个原理，但是很难让他们明白。 The teacher tried to explain the theory, but it was hard for her to ____________________. 4. 开车的时候，Henry 突然意识到他的汽油快用完了，这使他非常紧张。 While driving, Henry suddenly realized that petrol __________________ , which made him very nervous. 5. 以防敌人发现，他屏住呼吸，不敢发出任何响声。 He ______________________(屏住呼吸), not daring to make any sound in case he would be found by enemies. 6. 他躺在床上,眼睛盯着天花板,陷入了沉思。 He lay on the bed with his eyes ____________________ the ceiling, lost in thought.
三、短文填空（共 10 空，每空 1 分，共 10 分） Looking at you… Google Earth was launched in 2007. It offers 360 degree street view around the world. It can take you anywhere at a click, which is very 1. c_____________. But not everyone likes Google Earth 2. t__________ photos of their homes. People feel their 3. p_________ life is influenced and watched by people all over the world. They are worried about their life being recorded 4.s______________. In the past 5 years, Google has been in a number of lawsuits(法律诉讼). On March 6 this year, Google was 5. f___________ 23,745 yuan for illegally photographing streets and people in Macao in 2008. Photographs are just one problem. Google Street View cars were also found to have “mistakenly collected” 6. d___________ from people whose wireless networks were not password protected because Google had 7. a___________ to e-mails and web pages. 8. A__________ last year Google suggested people add “no map” after the name of their Wi-Fi, it could still get their 9. i____________ if someone didn’t know this. Convenience or Privacy? It is a question everyone needs to think about —10. i______________ Google.
四、书面表达（15 分） 如今，生活在大都市有许多优势，同时也有不少烦恼。请根据以下提示，写一篇短文，介绍城市生活 的利与弊，并表明你的态度 （是否喜欢城市生活）文章开头已给出。 ．．．．．．． 注意：100 词左右。 利 方便购物 交通便利 休闲、娱乐形式多样 花销大、住房昂贵 空气污浊 公交车拥挤 弊
Nowadays living in big cities has both advantages and disadvantages. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________
第Ⅰ卷 选择题（共 85 分） 第一部分 听力理解 （共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 第一、二节 (共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，共 15 分)
四、书面表达 （15 分）
第三节（共 5 小题，5 分） 拼写错误不计分；出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分。 16. Newman 19. assistant 17. B569 18. Japanese 20. Answer/ Handle
第二部分：知识运用 （共两节，35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21-25 BADCB 26-30 BCDCA 31-35 BDABC
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，共 20 分）
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分）
第Ⅱ卷 非选择题(共 35 分) 一、单词拼写（共 8 小题，每小题 0.5 分，共 4 分） 1. banned/forbidden 5. anxiously 2. patience 6. terrifying 3. typical 7. measures 4. attractions 8. available
二、完成句子（共 6 小题，每小题 1 分，共 6 分） 1. are addicted to 4. was running out 2. differ from 5. held his breath 3. get it across 6. fixed on/ focused on
三、短文填空（共 10 空，每空 1 分，共 10 分） 1. convenient 2. taking 3. personal 4. secretly 5. fined
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