南马高级中学 2014 届高三 8 月月考英语试题
第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 题，每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题纸将该选项 标号涂黑。 21.——Hey, can I ask you a favor? ——_______ A. Here
you are B. just as I thought C. how is it going? D. what can I do for you? 22. Mary worked here as a ____-secretary and ended up getting a full-time job with the company. A.pessimistic B. temporary C. previous D. cautious 23. I ______ myself more-----it was a perfect day. A.shouldn’t have enjoyed B. needn’t have enjoyed C. wouldn’t have enjoyed D. couldn’t have enjoyed 24. As the world’s population continues to grow, the ___ of food becomes more and more of a concern. A. worth B. supply C. package D. list 25. The children, ____ had played the whole day long, were worn out. A.all of what B. all of which C. all of them D. all of whom 26. If we leave right away, ____ we’ll arrive on time. A.hopefully B. curiously C. occasionally D. gradually 27.______how others react to the book you have just read creates an added pleasure. A. Hearing B. Hear C. Having heard D. To be hearing 28. Eye doctors recommend that a child’s first eye exam ____ at the age of six months old. A.was B. be C .were D. is 29. When the group discussion is nearing its end, make sure to ____it with important points. A.conclude B. lead C. avoid D. hold 30. During the last three decades, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs ___ sharply. A.was increasing B. has increased C. had increased D. will be increasing 31. Half of _____surveyed in 16 countries say they go first to their closest friend to share their deepest wishes and darkest fears. A.these B. some C. ones D. those 32. A good listener takes part in the conversation, ____ideas and raising questions to keep the talk flowing. A.realizing B. copying C. offering D. misunderstanding 33. The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform ____visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built. A.what B. where C. when D. why 34. It will be a big help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner. _____, I’ll set the table.
A.As a result B. On the whole C. In the meanwhile D. As a matter of fact 35. People develop ______ preference for a particular style of learning at ______ early age and these preferences affect learning. A.a; an B. a;不填 C.不填;the D. the ;an 36. The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief _____ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A.how B, that C. which D. whether 37. Bears _____ fat stores throughout the summer and fall to have energy enough to last them through their winter sleep. A.pack up B. build up C. bring up D. take up 38. If what your friend comes up with surprise you , don’t reject it immediately. _____, imagine that it is true. A Thus B. Besides C. Rather D. Otherwise 39. There are some health problems that, when ____in time, can become bagger ones later on. A.not treated B, not being treated C. not to be treated D. not having been treated 40. -----Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change? ------_______.Will pennies do? A. I know B. Never mind C.I am sure D. Let me see 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts, But people in the streets 41 him, especially those who are 42 . For those people, he is "Gloves" Greenberg. How did he get that 43 ? He looks like any other businessman, wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase (公文箱). But he's 44 _. His briefcase always has some gloves。 In winter, Mr. Greenberg does not 45 like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and 46 the street. He looks around at 47 . He stops when he 48 someone with no gloves. He gives them a pair and then he 49 , looking for more people with cold 50 . On winter days, Mr. Greenberg 51 gloves. During the rest of the year, he 52 gloves. People who have heard about him 53 him gloves, and he has many in his apartment. Mr. Greenberg 54 doing this 21 years ago. Now, many poor New Yorkers know him and 55 his behavior. But people who don't know him are sometimes 56 him. They don't realize that he just wants to make them 57 . It runs in the 58 .Michael's father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier. Michael Greenberg feels the 59 .A pair of gloves may be a 60 thing, but it can make a big difference in winter. 41. A. know about B. learn from C. cheer for D. look after 42. A. old B. busy C. kind D. poor 43. A. job B. name C. chance D. message 44. A. calm B. different C. crazy D. curious 45. A. act B. sound C. feel D. dress 46. A. cross over B. drive along C. hurry down D. keep off 47. A. cars B. people C. street numbers D. traffic lights 48. A. helps B .chooses C. greets D. sees
49. A. holds up B. hangs out 50. A. hands B. ears 51. A. searches for B. stores up 52. A. borrows B. sells 53. A. call B. send 54. A. delayed B. remembered 55. A. understand B. dislike 56. A. sorry for B. satisfied with 57. A. smart B. rich 58. A. city B. family 59. A. honor B. pain 60. A. small B. useful
C. moves on C. faces C. gives away C. returns C. lend C. began C. study C. proud of C. special C. neighborhood C. same C. delightful
D. turns around D. eyes D. puts on D. buys D. show D. enjoyed D. excuse D. surprised by D. happy D. company D. cold D comforting
第二部分 阅读理解(每题 2 分，满分 50 分) A Doctors are known to be terrible pilots. They don't listen because they already know it all. I was lucky: ] became a pilot in 1970, almost ten years before I graduated from medical school. I didn't realize then, but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeon. I loved flying. As I flew bigger, faster planes, and in worse weather. I learned about crew resource management (机组资 源管理), or CRM, a new idea to make flying safer. It means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result, regardless of positions. I first read about CRM in 1980. Not long after that, an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather. The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready. The attending doctor was flying; I was safety pilot He was so busy because of the bad turn, he had forgotten to put the landing gear (起落架) down. He was a better pilot - and my boss - so it felt unusual to speak up. But I had to: Our lives were in danger. I put aside my uneasiness and said, "We need to put the landing gear down now!" That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM, and I've used it in the operating room ever since. CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up. It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite, the doctor doesn't overreact, which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again. So when I'm in the operating room, I ask for ideas and help from others. Sometimes they're not willing to speak up. But I hope that if I continue to encourage them, someday someone will keep me from ”landing gear up”. 61. What does the author say about doctors in general? A. They like flying by themselves. B. They are unwilling to take advice. C. They pretend to be good pilots. D. They are quick learners of CRM. 62.The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when_______. A. he saved the plane by speaking up B. he was in charge of a flying task C. his boss landed the plane too late D. his boss operated on a patient 63. In the last paragraph “landing gear up” probably means ______. A. following flying requirements. B. overreacting to different opinions. C. listening to what fellow doctors say D. making a mistake that may cost lives 64. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A.CRM: A New Way to Make Flying Safe B. Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor
D.A Pilot- Turned Doctor B In 1947 a group of famous people from the art world headed by an Austrian conductor decided to hold an international festival of music, dance and theatre in Edinburgh. The idea was to reunite Europe after the Second World War. It quickly attracted famous names such as Alec Guinness, Richard Burton, Dame Margot Fonteyn and Marlene Dietrich as well as the big symphony orchestras (交响乐团). It became a fixed event every August and now attracts 400,000 people yearly. At the same time, the “Fringe” appeared as a challenge to the official festival. Eight theatre groups turned up uninvited in 1947, in the belief that everyone should have the right to perform, and they did so in a public house disused for years. Soon, groups of students firstly from Edinburgh University, and later from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, Durham and Birmingham were making the journey to the Scottish capital each summer to perform theatre by little-known writers of plays in small church halls to the people of Edinburgh. Today the “Fringe”, once less recognized, has far outgrown the festival with around 1,500 performances of theatre, music and dance on every one of the 21 days it lasts. And years early as 1959, with only 19 theatre groups performing, some said it was getting too big. A paid administrator was first employed only in 1971, and today there are eight administrators working all year round and the number rises to 150 during August itself. In 2004 there were 200 places housing 1,695 shows by over 600 different groups from 50 different countries. More than 1.25 million tickets were sold. 65. What was the purpose of Edinburgh Festival at the beginning? A. To bring Europe together again. B. To honor heroes of World War 11. C. To introduce young theatre groups. D. To attract great artists from Europe. 66. Why did some uninvited theatre groups come to Edinburgh in 1947? A. They owned a public house there. B. They came to take up a challenge. C. They thought they were also famous. D. They wanted to take part in the festival. 67. Who joined the "Fringe" after it appeared? A. Popular writers B. University students. C. artists from around the world. D. Performers of music and dance. 68. We may learn from the text that Edinburgh Festival.------------A. has become a non-official event B. has gone beyond an art festival C. gives shows all year round D. keeps growing rapidly C Given that many people's moods (情绪)are regulated by the chemical action of chocolate, it was probably only a matter of time before somebody made the chocolate shop similar to a drugstore of Chinese medicine. Looking like a setting from the film Charlie & the Chocolate Factory, Singapore's Chocolate Research Facility (CRF) has over 100 varieties of chocolates. its founder is Chris Lee who grew up at his parents' comer store with one hand almost always in the jar of sweets. If the CRF seems to be a smart idea, that's because Lee is not merely a seasoned salesperson but also head of a marketing department that has business relations with big names such as Levi's and Sony. That idea surely results in the imagination at work when it comes to making
C. The Making of a Good Pilot
different flavored(味道)chocolates. The CRF's produce is "green", made within the country and divided into 10 lines, with the Alcohol Series being the most popular. The Exotic Series 一 with Sichuan pepper 辣椒）red bean （ , (豆).cheese and other flavors 一 also does well and is fun to taste. And for chocolate snobs，who think that they have a better knowledge of chocolate than others, the Connoisseur Series uses cocoa beans from Togo, Cuba, Venezuela , and Ghana, among others. 69. What is good about chocolate? A. It serves as a suitable gift. B. It works as an effective medicine. C. It helps improve the state of mind. D. It strengthens business relations. 70. Why is Chris Lee able to develop his idea of the CRF? A. He knows the importance of research. B. He learns form shops of similar types. C. He has the support of many big names D. He has a lot of marketing experience. 71. Which line of the CRF produce sells best? A. The Connoisseur Series. B. The Exotic Series. C. The Alcohol Series. D. The Sichuan Series. 72. The words "chocolate snobs" in Paragraph 3 probably refer to people who A. are particular about chocolate B. know little about cocoa beans C. look down upon others D. like to try new flavors D Low-Cost Gifts for Mother's Day Gift No. I Offer to be your mother's health friend. Promise to be there for any and all doctor's visits whether a disease or a regular medical check-up. Most mothers always say "no need," another set of eyes and ears is always a good idea at a doctor's visit. The best part ? This one is free. Gift No. 2 Help your mother organize all of her medical records, which include the test results and medical information. Put them all in one place. Be sure to make a list of all of her medicines and what times she takes them. "Having all this information in one place could end up saving your mother's life," Dr. Marie Savard said. Gift No. 3 Enough sleep is connected to general health conditions. "Buy your mother cotton sheets and comfortable pillows to encourage better sleep," Savard said. "We know that good sleep is very important to our health." Gift No. 4 Some gift companies such as Presents for Purpose allow you to pay it forward this Mother's Day by picking gifts in which 10 percent of the price you pay goes to a charity (慈善机构) Gift givers can choose from a wide variety of useful but inexpensive things -many of which are "green" - and then choose a meaningful charity from a list. When your mother gets the gift, she will be told that she has helped the chosen charity. 73. What are you advised to do for your mother at doctor's visits? A. Take notes. B. Be with her. C. Buy medicine. D. Give her gifts. 74. What can be a gift of organization for your mother? A. Keeping her medical information together. B. Buying all gifts for her from one company. C. Making a list of her medical check-ups. D. Storing her medicines in a safe place.
75. Where can you find a gift idea to improve your mother’s sleep? A. In Gift No. 1. B. In Gift No. 2. C. In Gift No. 3. D. In Gift No. 4. 76. Buying gifts from Presents for Purpose allows mothers to-----A. enjoy good sleep B. be well-organized C. bet extra support D. give others help E The oldest and most common source(来源) of renewable energy known to man, biomass is one of the most important forms energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Since such a wide variety of biomass materials is everywhere ---- from trees and grasses to agricultural and city ---- life wastes ----biomass promises to play a continuing role in providing power and heat for millions of people around the world. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists(UCS), biomass is a kind of renewable energy source that produces no carbon dioxide(二氧化碳), because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When plant matter is burned, it gives off the sun’s energy. In this way, biomass serves as a sort of natural battery(电池) for storing the sun’s energy. As long as biomass is produced continuously ----with only as much grown as is used--- the “battery” lasts forever. According to the Energy Information Administration, biomass has been one of the leading renewable energy sources in the United States for several years running through 2007, making up between 0.5 and 0.9 percent of the nation’s total electricity supply. In 2008----although the numbers aren’t all in yet----wind power probably took over first place because of the rapid development of wind farms across the country. Producing power from biomass helps reduce some 11 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. Some homeowners also try to make their own heat by using biomass materials. Such practice may save homeowner’s money, but it also produces a lot of pollution. So, the best way is to encourage power plants to use it. 77. Why is biomass considered as “ a sort of natural battery”? A. It burns merely plant matter. B. It keeps producing electricity. C. It stores the energy from the sun. D. It produces zero carbon dioxide. 78. We learn from the text that in 2008 ______. A. Wind power would be the leader of renewable energy. B. there was a rapid growth of electricity production C. biomass might become the main energy source D. 0.5~0.9 %of power supply came from biomass 79. Why does the author encourage power plants to use biomass? A. To prevent the waste of energy. B. To increase production safety. C. To reduce pollution. D. To save money. 80. Where does the text probably come from? A. A research plan. B. A science magazine C. A book review. D. A business report. 信息匹配: 下面文章中有 5 个段落需要添加首句（第 81~85 题） 。请从以下选项（A、B、 C、D、E 和 F）选出适合各段落的首句，并在答题纸上写上答案。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A．Time can run out . B．Tomorrow won’t be better C．Ideas need time to develop D．Your professor will be impatient E．You blow off your chances for help F．You’re probably overestimating(高估)the pain. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today
Want to put off studying for the physics test? Or writing that thirty-page research paper on future uses of biotechnology? Sure you do? And who wouldn’t? But it’s still a silly idea to put off doing something until a future time. Here’s why....... 81.______The task will be still the same. It won’t be any more fun and you still won’t want to do it. As the deadline gets closer and closer, the task seems to become larger and larger if you have n’t started the work. And the stress increased. Now not only do you have to write that paper, you have to do it under great pressure. 82._______Before you start, it seems that the task is unlikely to be accomplished. But you know what ?you’re probably miscalculating . Get started----maybe on a small place-----and you’ll discover that you have more resources and know more about the subject than you thought. Result? You won’t experience nearly as much suffering as you expected to .Things are guaranteed----100percent----to get better. 83.________If you leave your work until the night before it’s due, you give up the possibility of getting input from your professor. Professors regularly give advice----or at least a few useful tips----during office hours. Unfortunately, though, they don’t usually hold office hours at midnight, so you’ll be out of luck when you discover the night before the midterm that you have no idea how to do the questions that will count for two-thirds of your grade. 84._______Ever wonder why the professor assigns the paper two weeks before it’s due? It’s because he or she expects you to be thinking about the issue, or doing the research ,for two weeks. No, not every waking moment, but at least some of the time. After all, the professor could just as easily have given the assignment one week before it was due if he or she expected less thinking. Most college papers require you to have some kind of idea, then to spend some time thinking about it, revising it, and polishing it. When you throw together a paper or a report at the last minute, your ideas are half-baked. And your professor will know it. 85.________If you put things off till the last minute, you might find that you haven’t budgeted enough minutes to finish the necessary tasks. It’s the easiest thing in the world to miscalculate how long it’ll take to do all the work especially when new issues arise---like illness, family problems, computer breakdowns, trouble at work, and all the other things ---as you’re thinking through your paper argument or preparing yourself for the coming test. If you keep delaying, you don’t allow yourself time for those various life events that have an adverse(不利 的)effect on your ability to complete your assignment. 非选择题部分（共 40 分） 第三部分 写作（共两节,满分 40 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题， 每小题 1 分， 满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处错误。请在有错误的地方增加，删除或修改某个单词 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Diary， Here I am in the middle of a city，350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to
know why we move last week? Dad lost his job, and as Mom explained, “He was lucky to find other one ”. His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world . To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring, but I know I’ll never fall sleep. Good night and remember, you , dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend.
Yours, Rosemary 第二节：书面表达(满分 30 分) 请以“one thing I’m proud of”为题， 用英语写一篇 100—120 个词的短文， 记述一见 你自己认为得意的事情。要求如下： 1.记述事情经过 2.简要说明你感到得意的原因或从中得到的启示 注意： 文章的标题已给出（不计词数）. One Thing I’m Proud of
Dear Diary， Here I am in the middle of a city，350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week? Dad lost his job, and as Mom explained, “He was lucky to find other one ”. His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world . To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring, but I know I’ll never fall sleep. Good night and remember, you , dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend. Yours, Rosemary
One Thing I’m Proud of
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