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高考英语复习精品语法课件-非谓语动词


专题五

非谓语动词

专题五

非谓语动词

专题导读
非谓语动词是高中英语教学中的重点和难点,也是历届高考的重点考

查项目。不仅单项填空中,而且完形填空、短文改错中都反复考查。命题热
点多是一些常用动词及特殊动词其后的非谓语动词的形式(不定式、过去分 词

及动词的ing形式)的不同要求。有时也涉及非谓语动词的完成式和否定

式以及非谓语动词作状语时的逻辑主语一致性原则。具体来说其考点主要包
括: 1. 不定式的完成式、进行式、被动式;不定式作后置定语与分词作后置 定语的区别。 2. 不定式的省略与不定式的否定结构。 3. 只能接动名词的动词,只能接不定式的动词以及接动名词、不定式有

区别的动词。
4. 动名词的被动式、否定结构。 5. 现在分词与过去分词作定语、状语、宾语补足语的区别,以及不定式

作状语与分词作状语的区别。

2012年高考将继续加强对非谓语动词的考查,而且对分词的考 查仍是重点。试题的测试点将呈现出“情景化”和“设问角度 多样化”的趋势,但试题的难度将会有所控制。

高考英语非谓语动词

解题的八条经典原则

1. When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there _____ for a space flight.

A.Training B. being trained C. to have trained D. to be trained

原则一:用作目的状语,原则上 要用不定式
2. _____ this cake, you’ll need 2 eggs, 175 g sugar and 175 g flour. A. Having made B. Make C. To make D. Making

原则二:用于名词后作定语时,使 用非谓语动词的原则是:用不定式, 表示动作尚未发生;用现在分词,表 示动作正在进行;用过去分词,表示 动作已经发生,同时表示被动意义.

1.The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games ___ in Beijing in 2008. A. hold B. holding C. held D. to be held 2. There are hundreds of visitors _____ in front of the Art Gallery to have a look at Van Gogh’s paintings.
A. waited B. to wait C. waiting D. wait

3. “Things _____ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. A.lost B. losing C. to lost D. have lost

2.—The last one _____ pays the meal. —Agreed! A.arrived B. arrives

C. to arrive D. arriving

原则三: 用作伴随状语,原则上 要用现在分词
1. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not _____, and asked myself what I was going to do. A.Moved B. moving

C. to move D. being moved

2. Peter received a letter just now _____ his grandma would come to see him soon. A. said B. says C. saying D. to say

原则四:作结果状语,用现在分词或不定式, 其区别是,一般要用现在分词表自然而然的结 果,不定式表意外不好结果. the place of the 1.The glass doors have taken wooden ones at the entrance,_____ in the natural light during the day. A.to let B. letting C. let D. having let

2. Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year,___ a record US$ 57. 65 a barrel on April 4.
A.have reached B. reaching

C. to reach

D. to be reaching

1.He hurried to the booking office only _____ that all the tickets had been sold out.

A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 2. He hurried to the station only_____ that the train had left. A.to find
C. found

B. finding
D. to have found

1.The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle _____. A. to be heard 原则五:凡是含有被动意义时, B. to have heard C. hearing D. being heard 原则上要用过去分词。但是,如 2. The repairs cost a lot, but it’s money well _____. A. to spend B. spent C. 果所涉及的动作尚未发生,则用 being spent D. spending 3. 不定式的被动式;如果所涉及的 Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title _____ to ordinary people for 动作正在进行,则用现在分词的 their contributions to environmental 被动式 protection. A. being given B. is given C. given D. was given

._____ from other continents for millions of years, Australia has many plants and animals not found in any other country in the world. A. Being separated B. Having separated C. Having been separated D. To be separated
1

2. The manager,_____ it clear to us that he didn’t agree with us, left the meeting room. A. who has made B. having made C. made D. making

原则七:强调动作发生在主句谓语动作 之前时,原则上要用完成式

原则八: 对于固定搭配,原则上按搭配 习惯处理
1.____ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. ) A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face 2._____ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed

真题典例
( ) 1. [ 2011· 国 卷 ] 全 The next thing he saw was

smoke________ from behind the house. A.rose C.to rise
【解析】 B

B.rising D.risen

rise和smoke是主动关系,而且他所看到的是正在升起的烟,

所以用rise的ing形式。rising短语作表语smoke的后置定语,相当于一个定语从句
,即which was rising…

( )2.[2011· 全国卷Ⅱ] The island,________to the mainland by a bridge,is easy to go to. A.joining B.to join C.joined D.having joined
【解析】 C 考查非谓语动词。句意:这个岛由一座桥和大陆连着,很容易去的。 island和join之间是被动关系,故需用过去分词。joined to the mainland by a bridge相当于一个定语从句which is joined to the mainland by a bridge。

真题典例
( )3.[2011· 全国卷Ⅱ] Sarah pretended to be cheerful,________ nothing about the argument. A.says B.said C.to say D.saying
【解析】 D 考查非谓语动词。句意:莎拉假装很高兴,对争论没有说什么。 saying…为现在分词短语,作伴随状语。says和said都作谓语;to say表示将要说。

( regularly.

)4.[2011· 北京卷] It's important for the figures ________

A.to be updated C.to update
【解析】 A

B.to have been updated D.to have updated

考查非谓语动词的用法。figure(数字)和update(更新)

是动宾关系,因此要用被动形式,此外,从后面的regularly(经常地)来看,

更新是经常性的动作,所以应该用一般式。

真题典例
( )5.[2011· 北京卷] Sit down, Emma. You will only make yourself more tired, ________ on your feet. A.to keep B.keeping C.having kept D.to have kept
【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。这里是分词作状语,描述站着的状态, 用分词的一般式。句意为:坐下吧,Emma,老是站着会更累的。

( )6.[2011· 天津卷] ________ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. A.Translating B.Translated C.To translate D.Having translated
【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词的用法。translate 和句子主语the sentence 是动宾关系,且此动作已发生,所以要用过去分词作状语表被动完成。

句意为:翻译成英文后,发现这个句子的词序完全不同了。

专题五 │ 真题典例
( )8.[2011· 江苏卷] Recently a survey________ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens. A.compared B.comparing C.compares D.being compared 【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。从句子结构分析,主语 是a survey,谓语部分是has caused heated debate among citizens 。 因 此 所 填 成 分 是 充 当 survey 的 后 置 定 语 。 根 据 survey和compare之间的关系是主动关系可知选择B项,相当 于which compares…

真题典例
( ) 9. [ 2011· 建 卷 ] Tsinghua University , 福 ________ in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures. A.found B.founding C.founded D.to be founded 【解析】 C 考查过去分词短语作定语。清华大学创立于 1911,因此应使用过去分词表被动。
( )10.[2011· 福建卷] The difference in thickness and weight
from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable________ . A. held B. holding

C. be held
【解析】 D

D. to hold
考查动词不定式作状语。句意:厚度和重量与先前版本的

不同使得iPad 2拿着更舒服。形容词easy,hard,difficult,comfortable

作表语,后面需用不定式的主动形式表被动意思,故正确答案为D项。

真题典例
( ) 13. [ 2011· 江 卷 ] Even the best writers 浙 sometimes find themselves________ for words. A.lose B.lost C.to lose D.having lost 【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。此处lost是过去分词,作find 的宾语补足语。 (
A.keep

) 14. [ 2011· 川 卷 ] Simon made a big bamboo 四

box________ the little sick bird till it could fly. B.kept

C.keeping
【解析】 D

D.to keep

考查非谓语动词。句意为:“Simon做了个大竹筐用来饲养

这只生病的小鸟,一直到它能飞。”故此处应使用动词不定式to keep作

目的状语,故答案为D。

新题预测

( )1.One Sunday several former classmates gathered at Tom's, ________ their high school reunion the year before. A.talking about B.to talk about C.talked about D.having talked about 【解析】 A 考查非谓语动词。根据句意“星期天几个老同 学在汤姆家里聚会,谈论着他们一年前的高中校友聚会”可以看 出,“谈论”是在这次聚会的过程中发生的,即“谈论”伴随着 “聚会”,因此用分词作伴随状语,又因句子主语classmates与 动作“谈论”之间为主谓关系,因此用现在分词talking about。

专题五 │ 新题预测
( )2.When I caught him ________ me, I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop. A.cheated B.cheating C.to cheat D.to have cheated 【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。依据前半句意思“当我发现他 欺骗我时”可以判断出,句中的him与动作“欺骗”为主谓关 系,因此用现在分词作宾语补足语,故答案为B。

专题五 │ 新题预测
( ) 3.The footballer didn't succeed in scoring, though________ several chances by his teammates. A.was given B.being given C.giving D.given 【解析】 D 考查非谓语动词和省略。该句though后面是省略, 相当于though he was given several chances by his teammates。 逻辑主语the footballer与动词give构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故 用过去分词given,所以这里选D项。



) 4.My little brother is like a bull in a china shop,

always________ things over.
A.knocks C.to knock B.knocking D.having knocked

【解析】 B

考查非谓语动词。句意:我的小弟弟在一家瓷器店里就像一

头公牛,经常把东西撞倒。根据语意此处应用动词的现在分词形式作状语。 ( )5.Microblogs experienced rapid growth in 2010 in China,

with the number of microblog operators , users and visitors ________

several times.
A.to increase C.increased B.increasing D.increase

【解析】 B

考查非谓语动词。后半句是介词with的复合结构,意在表明

微博的经营者、使用者和访问者的数量增加了好几倍。这些人与increase之 间是主谓关系,表示状态的持续,故用动词的现在分词形式。

( )6.Some people try to knock me down, only______ me more determined to do better. A.to make B.makes C.having made D.made 【解析】 A 考查非谓语动词。句意:一些人努力将我打倒, 结果却让我决心做得更好。根据语意可知设空处是不定式短语 作结果状语,通常与only连用,表示出乎意料的结果。 ( )7.________ with a gradual rise of seawater, some nations in the Pacific are considering moving in the near future. A.Facing B.To face C.Faced D.Being faced 【解析】 C 考查非谓语动词。设空处表示“面对海水逐渐上 涨(的情况)”,本题中 Faced with 相当于 Facing。


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