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现在分词与过去分词作状语的区别


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1. Following the old man, we went upstairs. (we followed ) (跟着那个老人, 我们上去了)

2. Followed by the old man, we went upstairs. (we were followed) (被那个老人跟着, 我们上去了)

> 过去分词与现在分词作状语的区别

pp和v-ing各有两大特点: 1. pp 表示被动的动作; v-ing表示主动

的动作 2. pp 表示已经完成的动作; v-ing 表示正 在进行的动作

重难点辨析:主语一致 Seeing _______ from the hill, you will find the city looks like a big garden. Seen _______from the hill, the city looks like a big garden.
如果句子的主语和分词是主动关系, 现在分词 用_______, 句子的主语和分词是被动关系, 过去分词 用_________。

Difference between the Present Participle and the Past Participle _____for a long time, the book looks old. Used 由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧. ______ the book, I find it useful. Using 在使用的过程中,我发现这本书很有用. Looking ________ at her, he jumped with joy. (look) _______at by her, he jumped with joy. (look) Looked

分词作状语答题记忆口诀
分词作状语,主语是问题。 逗号前后两动作,共用一主语。 主语找出后,再来判关系。 主动-ing,被动用-ed。 Having done 表先后, 千万要牢记。
Having been done 是Having done的被动态

? Having finished his homework, he went playing. (完成式主动态) ? After he had finished his homework, he went playing.

? Having been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking. (完成式被动态) ? After he had been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking.

Let’s write a short passage about Heyuan. 1.在河源居住多年的我,知道河源许多的风景名胜。

2.俯瞰整座城市,十分漂亮。
3.龟峰塔(Guifeng tower)建于公元1132年,有着悠久的历史. 4.在重建之后,龟峰塔更加的漂亮。

5.被万绿湖(Wanlv lake)优美的风景所吸引,许多游客来这里参观。 6. 被参观了许多次的桂山(Gui Mountain ),被大家所熟知。

7.以它的美丽而闻名,亚洲高喷(the highest fountain in Asia) 很受游客的欢迎。
8.看到如此美丽的城市,我们很自豪。

1.在河源居住多年的我,知道河源许多的风 景名胜。 Having lived in Heyuan for many years,
I know many places of interest in Heyuan. Since I have lived in Heyuan for many years, I know many places of interest in Heyuan.

2.俯瞰整座城市,十分漂亮。
Seen from space, the city looks beautiful . When the city is seen from space, it looks beautiful.

3.龟峰塔(Guifeng tower)建于公元1132年, 有着悠久的历史.
Built in 1132AD the Guifeng tower has a long history. As it was built in 1132AD, the Guifeng tower has a long history.

4.在重建之后,龟峰塔更加的漂亮。
Having been rebuilt, the Guifeng tower looks more beautiful.

After it has been rebuilt, the Guifeng tower looks more beautiful.

5.被万绿湖(Wanlv lake)优美的风景所吸引,许 多游客来这里参观。
Attracted by the beautiful scenery of the Wanlv lake, many tourists come to visit it. Because they are attracted by the beautiful scenery of the Wanlv lake, many tourists come to visit it.

6. 被参观了许多次的桂山(Gui Mountain ),被大 家所熟知。 Having been visited many times,Gui Mountain is familiar to us. Since Gui Mountain has been visited many times, it is familiar to us.

7.以它的美丽而闻名,亚洲高喷(the highest fountain in Asia)很受游客的欢迎。

Well-known for its beauty, the highest

fountain in Asia is very popular with visitors.
Because it is well-known for its beauty, the highest fountain in Asia is very popular with visitors.

8.看到如此美丽的城市,我们很自豪。

Seeing the beautiful city , we are proud of it.

Homework

1. Finish the whole passage by yourself. 2. Go over “The Past Participle as the Adverbial”.


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