描述时间 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. It is (has been)+一段时间+since sb. did sth. It/this/that is the first(second…) time that sb. have done sth. It is +形容词的最高级+that sb. have done sth. Hardly/scarcely
had sb. done sth. when sb. did sth. No sooner had sb. done sth. than sb. did sth. It was the first/ last time that sb. had done sth. be doing sth. be about to do sth. have done sth. 过去的时间， （过去完成时） 10. By the time of +现在的时间， 11. It was +一段时间 before sb. did sth. 13. not… until… 14. It is not until….. that…… 15. Not until + 从句+ 倒装句 16. 非谓语作状语从句：Dating back to (时间状语从句)?. , 17. ? is a time when + 定语从句 主句 +主句（现在完成时） “过了多久某人才做某事” 将来的时间， （将来完成时） 12. It will be +一段时间 before sb. do sth. “要过多久某人才做某事” when sb. did sth.
描述地点 1. 2. 3. There be/ exists/ lives/lies/ stands… 非谓语作状语从句：Located in? , 主句 where 引导的状语从句或定语从句 a) b) 4. The suitcase lay opposite to where I was standing. I often imagine what the college life would be like where I am going to spend the most precious time in my life. The library is in the center of our school. In the center of our school lies the library.
全部倒装句: （介词短语+ 谓语+ 主语）
描述原因 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The reason why + 从句 is that + 从句 The reason is that+ 从句 That is because+ 从句 What impresses me most is that… because of/ due to / owing to/ thanks to/ on account of+ 短语 With ?. , 主句
描述结果 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 从句， for which +结果从句 so/such …. that too… to The + 比较级， the+ 比较级 非谓语引导结果状语从句
主句，+ doing（自然而然的结果） 主句，+ only to do（出乎意料的结果）
描述目的 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. In order to… ? so as to do With the aim/ purpose of… 从句+ whose aim is to do? 从句+ which aims at doing sth.
发表观点 1．别人观点 it is universally acknowledged/recognized/agreed that+ 从句 it is said/ reported/ known that+ 从句 Others claim/ argue that + 从句 The rest hold the view that +从句 2. 自己观点 in my opinion/ in my point of view/ in my mind, + 句子 as far as I am concerned, +句子? I find/ consider it + adj. to do sth. personally, I think… I have the strong belief that + 同位语从句
表达心情 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. I am + delighted / awfully sorry to do sth. that + 从句 It is my great honor and pleasure to do sth. It is a pity/ shame that +从句 Nothing in the world can + v. + me so much as +doing sth. It gives me much pleasure to learn that So + adj. am I to learn that + 从句
进行呼吁 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. It is high time that sb. should do sth. Some measures should be taken to do sth. Some attention should be paid to do sth. Come and do sth. without no hesitation! We are ought to arouse the awareness of doing sth. I am convinced that…
讲述条件 1. 2. 3. 4. Only in this way can we + 从句 Only by doing sth. can we + 从句 祈使句+ and /or + 简单句 主句+under the condition that/ as long as/ if/ unless+ 条件从句（只有?才能?）
提出建议 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. I suggest/ recommend/ propose that sb. should do My suggestion/ recommendation is that sb. should do It is + a(an) adj. +way/ approach to do sth. by doing sth. _______ is the key to _________. I think _______ is of great significance/ value/ use. Doing … is … You’ better do sth.
信息介绍 1．同位语 1) 2) 3) 4) My nane is Li hua, monitor of class 2. Kunming, a comfortable city, is located in southwest of China. The Spring festival, an important day for Chinese, falls on the last day on Chinese lunar calendar. . The Art Festival, an annual festival celebrated in our school, is around the corner.
2．非谓语作后置定语 My nane is Li hua, coming from China，Xin Hua Middle school. aged 18. 3. 定语从句
表示感谢与希望 1.I would appreciate it if + 从句 2. I would be very thankful/ grateful if + 3. I would extend/ express/ convey my sincere thanks/ gratitude/ appreciation if + 从句 1.I do hope that+从句 2. How I wish that you can do sth. 3. I am looking forward to doing sth.
请求帮忙 1. 2. 3. 4. I wonder whether you could do me a favor to do sth. I want to know if it is convenient for you to help me do sth. Could you give me an assistant to do sth? Are you available to do sth.?
询问信息 1. 2. 3. I’d like to know something more about… Would you mind telling me something about…? Is it possible for you to inform me of some details about…?
揭示现象 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. There is no doubt that +从句 It is no wonder that +从句 There is no denying a fact that + 从句/ No one can deny the fact that As a saying goes, As you know, It goes without saying that… It is obvious that… It seems that…
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