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形容词作状语


用形容词作状语翻译下列句子:

1.饥寒交迫,那个小女孩不住地哭泣。 2.长途国外旅行之后,他精疲力竭地回到 了家。 3.他谦逊、开朗,使大家很快就一点也不 紧张了。 4.在我回家的途中,我看到一个中年男子 躺在路边,烂醉如泥。 5.回答不出老师的问题,学生们都保持沉 默。 6.又怕又冷,时光旅游者踏上了回到现在 的旅程。 1.Cold and hungry,

the little girl kept crying. 2.After the long journey from abroad, he got home , tired/ tired out/worn out. 3.Modest and easy-going, he soon put everyone at ease. 4. On my way home, I saw a middle-aged man lying by the roadside , blind drunk./ very drunk.
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5.Unable to answer the teacher’s question, all the students kept silent. 6.Scared and cold, the Time Traveller starts back towards the present.

Scared

and

cold,

the

Time

Traveller starts back towards the present. 又怕又冷, 时光旅游者踏上了回到现 在的旅程。 scared, cold 是 形 容 词 作 伴 随 状 语。 表示主语实施谓语动作时伴随的
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状态。 He was lying in bed, awake, listening to the rushing winds. They broke into the floor, dead. Crusoe stared at the footprint, full of fear. 形容词与分词作状语的关系: 1. 形容词做原因状语, 有无 being 区别不大: Afraid of being caught,the thief
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bedroom

and found the man lying on the

hid himself under a bed. Curious about everything , We lookaround. Unable to answer the question, the students keep silent. Being poor,he couldn't afford a TV set.(现在分词做原因状语) Poor, couldn't afford a TV set. he (形容词做原因状语) Being ill, I stayed at home.(现 在分词做原因状语) Ill, I stayed at home(形容词做
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原因状语) 但过去分词做原因状语时不可加 being 表示状态,加 being 表示正在 进行的动作: Made of glass, the cup is fragile. Caught in the rain, he got wet all over. Lost in thought, he almost ran into the car in front. Being interviewed by the reporters, the manager has no time to see you.

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2. 形 容 词 做 时 间 状 语 , 不 可 以 加 being。 Ripe,these apples are sweet. 熟了时这种苹果很甜。 You had better eat vegetables fresh(= when they are fresh, 不 可用 being fresh) The fruits can't be eaten raw(生 的 ).(= when they raw, 不 可 用 being raw) 3. 做伴随状语时,形容词和过去分 词(其实他们已经形容词化了)可以
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互换。但均不可加 being。 He got home late that night, hungry and tired. After his journey from abroad,Richard Jones returned home,worn out . 4. 做方式状语时,不可以加 being。 但他们可以加-ly. 1)Brave and strong, the activists talked to workers outside the factory. Bravely and strongly, the activists talked to workers
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outside the factory. 2)Nervous, she tore open the letter. Nervously, she tore open the letter. 3)Helpless, watched the house we being destroyed before our eyes. Helplessly , we watched the house being destroyed before our eyes.
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Sum up: 形容词除了作原因状语,其他情 况下一般不加 being。而过去分词表 示状态时一般也不加 being(除非表 示“正在被...”) 补:可用作伴随状语的几种方式 1.形容词 They all rushed up, eager to help. She returned to work,unhappy. The thief hid himself in the corner, afraid of being caught. 小偷躲在角落里,怕被人抓住.
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We watched the houses being destroyed helpless. 我们看着房子正在被暴风雨摧毁, 无能为力. 2.现在分词 I don't like to sit here doing nothing. He rushed out,even forgetting to take his overcoat. 3.过去分词 Accompanied by the professor, he spent several days doing
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by

the

storm,

experiments one after another. 4.介词短语 He cried in surprise. 5.独立结构和 with 结构 He lay on his back,his hands crossed under his head. The teacher came in , book in hand. With the old man leading,they two started toward the mountain. Now he could walk only with his brother supporting him.
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