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定语从句与易混句型巧区分


定语从句与易混句型巧区分 一.定语从句与并列句 注意:并列句用分号(; )和连接词 and, but 来连接的 1. Mr. Li has three daughters, none of _________is an engineer. 2. Mr. Li has three daughters, but none of ________ is a dancer. 3. Mr. Li has three daughters; ________ are doctors. 二. 定语从句与地点状语从句 注意:看看有没有先行词。如果有,就是定语从句;如果没有,就是状语从句。 1.Rice doesn’t grow well ________ there is not enough water. 2.I still remember the farm ______________ my parents worked ten years ago. 对比下面两个句子: He left the key where he had been an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years. 三. 定语从句与强调句 注意:强调句中如果去掉了 it is/was… that 后,句子意思依然完整的。而定语从句去掉 了 it be… that 后从句就不完整了。 用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 1.It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. 2.It is the factory __________John works. 3. It is the factory________ John works______ we visited last week. 练习 1、It was 5 o’clock in the morning ______he arrived home. 2、Was it during the Second World_____ he died? 3、It was about 600 years ago______ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. 4、----When did you meet her? ----It was last week ______ I was in Beijing. 四. 定语从句与结果状语从句 用 such…as 组成的定语从句和 such…that 组成的结果状语从句很相似。要注意区分。 Such…as 结构中,由于 as 是关系代词,它一定在从句中充当成分(如主、宾或表语) ; 而 such…that 结构中,that 只起连词的作用,它后面的句子应该是完整的。 1.I have the same computer _____you have. 2. She is such a kind girl _______ all of us like to make friends with her. 对比下面两个句子: He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him. 练习:It is such a good place _____ everybody wants to visit _____ it is well-known all over the world. A which; that B. as ; as C. as ;that D. that; as 五. 定语从句与习惯句型 注意:固定句型:某人第几次做…

It is the first/second/third time that + 从句(现在完成时) 1.It is the first time ______ she has been in Shanghai. 2.It’s time _____ we went to school. 3.It was the time _______ Chinese people had a hard life. 4、There was a time _______ Chinese people had a hard life. 六. 定语从句与单句 注意标点符号。两个单句间用句号,而定语从句两个句子间用逗号。 1.The mother told the lazy boy to work, _________ didn’t help. 2.The mother told the lazy boy to work. _________ didn’t help. 练习:There are 56 students in our class, most of ____are girls. A. which B. whom C. them D. that 七. 定语从句与名词从句 定语从句与同位语从句的区别: 1. 先看先行词是不是一些表示有丰富内涵的词语,如 fact, idea, news , thought 等; 2. 看看关系连词是否在从句中作成分; 3. 同位语从句中 ,从句的作用是对前面的名词起一个解释内容的作用。 1.The news ____________came from the front was true. 2.The news ______ he won the game was true. 3.She was not ______ she used to be. 4.The city is no longer a place _____ it used to be. 5._____ is known to us all, paper was first made in China. 6._____ is known to us all that paper was first made in China. 7、____is known to us all is that paper was first made in China. 八:一些特殊词之后的 where where 引导的定语从句先行词大多数情况下是表示地点的名词,但也有特殊情况 1. I’ve come to the point where I can’t stand him. 2. The country is in the situation where a war will break out at any time. 国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。 解析: 如果定语从句分别修饰 point, situation, part, stage, key, condition 和 case 等表示抽 象意义的词,常用 where 引导,意思是“到了某种地步,在某种境况中” 。 高考题链接: 1.I think you’ve got to the point ______ a change is needed, otherwise you’ll fail. A when B which C where D there 2.I can think of many cases ______students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A why B which C as D where 3.He has got himself into a dangerous situation, ______he is likely to lose control over the plane. A where B which C while D why 4.Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the

scenes _______people were eaten by the tiger. A in which ` B by which C which D that 九:way 后的定语从句 Please tell me the way_____________ you did the job. This is the way ___________ he told me . 1.There are different ways ______people try to deal with the problem of energy shortage. A where B which C how D in which 2.What surprised mw was not what he said but _____ he said it. A the way B in the way that C in the way D the way which reason 后的定语从句 The reason __________ he was late was that he missed the bus. The reason ____________ he explained to me was that he missed the bus. 1. Is this the reason ______ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A he explained B what he explained C how he explained D why he explained 2. Do you think the reason ____ he gave is believable? A for which B which C why D what 3.This is the very reason _____he was late for. A that B why C which D as 4.The reason _____ he rejected our plan is that he had no faith in us. A that B why C because D which 十、关系代词作主语时谓语中数的判断 ? who,which,that 本身没有数和性的变化, 他们的数和性应以先行词的数和性而定, 从句中谓语动词应于先行词单复数一致。 ? I talked with the boy who swims fastest in your school. ? All the boys who are now swimming in the river are from Wuhan 另外还需注意,one of…/the only one of…作先行词时定语从句中谓语数的不同 ? He is one of the teachers who know English well. ? He is the only one of the teachers who knows English well. 例(2002 上海春招)He is the only one of the students who _____a winner of scholarship for three years. A is B are C have been D has been America has more than fifty states, ________, Kentucky, is the place _____Abraham Lincoln was born. A one of them, where B one of which, where C one of that, which D one of which, which


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