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高考英语基础写作指导如何介绍地点


—HOW TO INTRODUCE A PLACE
基础写作

Suppose you are a guide

to describe a place to
tourists, what subjects (主题)will you introduce ?

Possible subjects:<

br />
常用语句:useful expression
1.所处位置(Location) A be/lies/stands in/to /on the east/west/south/north In the center/middle

at the back

B
In (the) front

(To/In /On the) east/west/south/north… of B is /lies /stands A

A be located in/on /to/at…
坐落于……脚下/顶部 A stands/lies /be at the foot of/ on the top of B at the foot of/ on the top of B stands/lies/be A

中国位于亚洲大陆的东部
Asian Land

China lies in the east of the Asian Land/Asia 中国位于太平洋西岸 the west bank of the Pacific Ocean

China lies the west bank of the Pacific O on

1. 表示位置 Fujiang Province lies in the southeast of China. 福建省位于中国的东南部。 South of the school lies a road. 学校的南边有一条路。 On the top of the mountain lies a temple. 山顶有一座庙。 The teaching building is located at the back of the school. 教学楼坐落于校园的后面。

1. 日本在中国的东方(Japan) 。
Japan is/lies to the east of China.

2.新教学楼坐落在学校的中央 building) 。
3.中国位于亚洲东部(Asia) 。

(The new teaching

The new teaching building lies in the center of the school. China is located in the east of Asia.

常用语句:useful expression
2.人口(Population) It has a population of (about /over/more than )…. The population of … is (about /over/more than )…. … It is a developing /developed/large/….. (country/city /town/village) with a population of (about /over/more than )…. …
billion million thousand hundred

It has a population of…. The population of … is… It is a … with a population of…

中国的人口大约是13亿。 China has a population of about 1.3 billion.
The population of China is about 1.3 billion.

China is a country with a population about 1.3 billion.

Shanghai has a population of more than 2,000,000. 上海人口超过二千万。
It has a population of…. The population of … is… It is a … with a population of…

澳大利亚 人口

2,000万

Australia has a population of about 20 million. 中国 发展中国家 人口 13亿

China is a developing country with a population of 1.3 billion.

…has a population of…,

(a city) with a population of… 北京是一个有1200多万人口的大城市。 (用一句话)
Beijing is a large city with a population of over 12,000,000.

3.介绍面积(Area) A has/covers an area of…square kilometers
A is (a city/town/country) with an

area of…square kilometers
城镇 面积 100多平方公里

It’s a town with an area of over 100 square kilometers [skwε?] ['kil?umi:t?]

中国面积约960万平方公里

China is a country with an area of about 9.6 million square kilometers. has/covers an area of…square kilometers
(a city) with an area of…square

kilometers

常用语句:useful expression
4.历史(History)['hist?ri] A has a (long) history of over ……..years.

A is a developing/developed /large country/city with a long history of (about /over /more than)…. years. The castle has witnessed too much

…has a long history (of …years)

with a long history (of …years)

中国有5000 多年的历史。 China has a long history of more than 5,000 years.

它是一个具有悠久历史的现代 化城市modern 。

It is a modern city with a long history.

常用语句:useful expression
5.其他(other things)
There are many places of interest in xi’an.(名胜) A be surrounded by 四周…环抱 A be famous/well-known for因而出名 A be rich(abundant[?'b?nd?nt] ) in 在某 富有 The climate['klaimit] there is mild [maild] all

xxx, (known as… ),attracts millions of /lots of visitors from all over the world. 香港,被誉为“东方之珠”,每 年都吸引大量来自世界各地的游 客。 Hongkong ,( known as “a Pearl [p?:l] of the East”,) attracts a lot of tourists['tu?rist] from all over the world.

以/作为……而出名 be famous/well-known for
杭州以美丽的西湖出名。 Hangzhou is famous for beautiful West Lake.

6、介绍经济(economy) With the development of economy [i'k?n?mi] ,sb. do sth.
随着经济的发展

经济迅速发展
economy has been developing rapidly ['r? pidli] Since China's reform and opening up
/since1990.

一些其它表达方式:
自从……以来,……发生了很大变化

Since…,great changes have taken place in …
特色鲜明的地方文化 Distinct [dis'ti?kt] local culture ['k?lt??] 自然资源丰富

be rich in natural['n? t??r?l] resources
[ri's?:s],

写作顺序

建议运用句型

地点状语 ,+主句
面积+人 口/历史 气候特征

Located in...,XX is.../Covering an area of..., XX is...
It covers an area of...with a population of/with a history of... There is a variety of climate in XXX,so in the east it is warm/cold/wet/windy,while in the west it is... The climate there is mild all the year around There are many places of interest in…….,which attract a lot of tourists from all over the world. ...is famous for.../The special character of XXX is...

历史文化 名城,风 景名胜 特产或其 它特色之 处

请根据下面的提示,介绍中国

中国位于亚洲东部,太平洋西岸,是一个人 口众多的发展中国家。她占地960万平方公 里,人口13亿,有五千多年的历史,名胜古 迹众多,资源丰富。自从改革开放以来,中 国发生了巨大的变化,经济快速发展,人们 的生活水平大幅提高。

注意事项:? 1.要按要点进行写作,根据行文需要,内容可不 分先后。 2.不要逐条翻译,根据行文需要可适当增加细节。

Assignment
假如你是一名导游,请根据下面的介绍中国 的海南岛.

1.面积:约35 000平方公里 (中国第二大岛)
2. 历史:6 000多年 3. 人口:7 110 000左右,包括十个民族nationality

4. 居民谋生方式:种水稻,捕鱼等.
5. 气候:四季温和

6. 风景名胜众多, 是著名的旅游胜地.

Hainan Island

When you come to Hainan, the second largest island in China, you will find it mild all the year round and the places of interest there are really a feast for eyes. It covers an area of 35000 square kilometers with a history of over 6000 years. The population of it is 7.11 million, which consists of 10 nationalities. People there get many ways to earn their living, for example, growing rice, fishing and so on. Tourism is also developing fast with its vast coastline and natural harbors.

Hainan Island

When you come to Hainan, the second largest island['ail?nd] in China, you will find it mild all the year round and the places of interest there are really a feast [fi:st] for eyes. It covers an area of 35000 square kilometers with a history of over 6000 years. The population of it is 7.11 million, which consists of 10 nationalities. People there get many ways to earn their living, for example, growing rice, fishing and so on. Tourism['tu?riz?m] is also developing fast with its vast[vɑ:st, v? st] coastline ['k?ustlain] and natural['n? t??r?l] harbors['hɑ:b?] .

◆ 即学即练

请根据以下的情景说明用5个句子描述全部所给信息

2010年, 第十六届亚运会将在广州举行。 广州 亚组委正在为宣传册征集稿件。请你根据以下信息, 用英语写一篇介绍主办城市——广州市的文章参与投 稿。
概况 中国第三大城市;别称:花城;广东省省会,政治,经济, 科学,教育,文化中心。全市面积7 434.4平方公里;人口1 100多万。 广东省中部;珠江三角洲北缘,珠江从市中心穿过,气候温 暖湿润。

地理

历史
旅游

2 200多年历史的名城,历史上海上丝绸之路的始发港。
风光旖旎,旅游资源丰富。

参考词汇:珠江三角洲 the Pearl River Delta

海上丝绸之路the Maritime Silk Road
始发港 a starting port

写作要求
只能用5个句子表达全部内容。 评分标准 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as City of Flowers, serves as the capital city of Guangdong and the centre of its political, economic, scientific, educational, and cultural life. Covering an area of 7434.4 square kilometres, it is home to more than 11 million people. Located in the middle of Guangdong, north of the Pearl River Delta with the Pearl River winding its way through the city, Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate. Besides, it is a famous city with a history of more than 2,200 years and a starting port of the Maritime Silk Road. With its beautiful scenery, Guangzhou is also abundant in traveling resources.

Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as City of Flowers, serves as the capital city of Guangdong and the centre of its political, economic, scientific, educational, and cultural life. Covering an area of 7434.4 square kilometres, it is home to more than 11 million people. Located in the middle of Guangdong, north of the Pear River Delta with the Pearl River winding its way through the city,Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate. Besides, it is a famous city with a history of more than 2,200 years and a starting port of the Maritime Silk Road. With its beautiful scenery, Guangzhou is also abundant in traveling resources.

Let’s practise
请根据下面的提示,介绍香港. 1.香港位于中国的南海之滨,面积约1104 平方公里,包括香港岛、九龙及新界 和离岛(Kowloon,New Territories,Outlying Islands).人口约为699万人。 2.香港电影业也很繁荣,对香港的经济发展 做出了很大贡献。 3.香港人热爱体育运动,被选为2008年 奥运会部分项目比赛的举办城市。 4. 风景秀丽,气候温和,名胜众多是著名的 旅游胜地和购物天堂。

Hongkong

Hongkong,like a brilliant pearl,is located on the northeastern coastline of china, covering an area of 1104 square kilometers with a population of over 6.99million. It consists of Hong Kong Island,Kowloon,New Territories,Outlying Islands.It is a thriving tourist resort and shopping paradise due to its mild climate and beautiful scenery , natural harbors, attracting tourists from all over the world.

The film industry is prosperous ,which contributes to the prosperity of economy.With the rapid economic development of the society, more and more people in Hongkong get involved in sports, which makes it a host city for several events of the 2008 Olympics.

常用语句:useful expression
6.其他(History) transportation convenient economy prosperous environment harmonious people hospitable eye-catching scenery with four distinct(clear-cut) seasons.

cough

第二节 Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you∧opinion about water saving. 76. my Water is important. We, as well as animal, cannot live 77. animals \ without water and neither agriculture or industry can go 78. nor without it. Yet it seemed water is becoming less and less. 79. seems Many countries in the world find we don’t have enough \ water.80. they To deal with a problem, I think, we should first go all81. the/this/that out to plant trees though trees will help save water. Next, ways to reuse the water using in washing, especially bath no82. because/since/as water for which is quite a lot, and that will save much water. drinking water should be left running. Third, we should Sincerely, find83. √ Li Hua


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