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人教版高一英语必修一unit3知识梳理与巩固练习(含答案)1


Unit 3 词汇要点
1.determine vt.决定,决心, determine to do sth = decide to do sth 下定决心 Determination n. 决心,毅力 determined adj. 坚毅的,下决心的 be determined to do sth ⑴ She is a girl of great ___________

___ (determine). ⑵ He is determined ________ (face) out the situation. ⑶ There is a ____________ (determine) look on his face. 2.organize v.组织 organization n.组织,机构 organizer n.组织者 organized adj. 有组织的 ⑴ The _____________ (organize) of such a large-scale party takes a lot of time and energy. ⑵ The ___________(organize) think of various ways to amuse the athletes. ⑶ I will take part in an _________ (organize) activity to improve the condition of disadvantaged people in society. 3..transport n.& v.运送;运输 派生:transportation n.运输;交通工具 ⑴ 那辆黄色公共汽车将乘客从机场运送到城里。 The yellow bus_____________________________from the airport to the city. ⑵ 那些物品将用飞机运往青海玉树。 The goods ____________________ by plane to Yu Shu,Qinghai Province. 4.persuade vt.说服,劝说 persuade sb. to do persuade sb. into doing 说服/劝服某人去做 persuade sb. not to do persuade sb. out of doing 说服/劝服某人不做 注意:劝而不服则要用 advise sb.to do sth.或者 try to persuade sb.to do sth.。 ⑴ 我们劝李老师戒烟,他不再抽烟啦! __________________________________,and he never smoked at last. ⑵ 我们劝王老师戒烟,可他不戒。 ___________________________________________________________,but he didn’t. 1. I __ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary. A.persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested 2. I was able at last to ____ my mother to follow my advice. A.suggest B. advise C. persuade D. Persuaded 3. While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ____ into buying something they don’t really need. A.to persuade B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded 5 graduate v.毕业 n.大学毕业生 派生:graduation n.毕业 短语:graduate from 毕业于 (1)After ____________ (graduate),what are you going to do? make up one’s mind

(2)My sister graduated ______ Beijing University ____ 1982. 6. .care vi.关心;介意 n.关心;照顾 care about (to be worried about/concerned with;担心 关心 care for(=like,love)喜欢 take care of(=look after)照料;照顾 take care 小心;提防 派生:careful adj.细心的 carefully adv.细心地 carefulness n.细心 carelessly adv. 粗心地 carelessness n.粗心 careless adj.粗心的 ⑴ The only thing he cares __________ is money. ⑵ I don’t really care _____ red wine. ⑶Who will take care ___ your baby if you are out? ⑷ Many accidents are caused by ________ (care) driving. ⑤ They studied the question _________ (care) before they made the decision. 即学即用 (1)—That’s a lovely dress. —Do you think so?My aunt gave it to me for my birthday,but I don’t the color. A.interest in B.care for C.take care of D.fond of (2)I don’t think Jack A.cares for what happens to his family.He is so selfish. B.cares about C.cares to D.cares of

7.reliable adj. 可信赖的;可靠的 派生:rely vi.依靠;依赖(通常接 on) ⑴ I found this to be a ________ brand of washing machines. 8. schedule n.时间表;进度表 vt.为某事安排时间 according to schedule 按照计划;按照安排 on schedule 按时 behind schedule 晚点 be scheduled to do 被安排,定于 ⑴ 火车按时到达。 The train arrived ___ ___ ⑵ 总统定于明天发表演说。 The President is __________ (schedule) to make a speech tomorrow. 9..be fond of(=love;like)喜欢;喜爱 翻译:虽然她有好多缺点,但是我们都很喜欢她。 She has many shortcomings,but we __________________her. 10.give in 屈服;让步 give up 停止/放弃做某事 give out 用完;用尽;分发;分布 give away 捐赠;暴露;泄露 give off 发散(气味);发出(光) give back 交还 运用:用适当的介词或副词填空。 (1). The eggs _________ a bad smell. (2) If you give _____ smoking,you will save a lot of money every year. (3) His accent gave him _____ . So I knew he was from USA. (4)Our teacher gave ______ to the police station what he picked up from the ground. (5) His money soon gave ______ because he bought a lot of things.

11.as usual 照常;如平常一样 ⑴ 昨天早上,他像往常一样去了办公室。Yesterday morning,________________________. ⑵ 你像平常一样迟到了。 You are late,___________. 12.at midnight 半夜 比较:at night(傍晚)晚上 in the evening=during the night/in the night 在晚间/在夜间 (1)My grandma usually woke up ____ midnight. ⑵ You must be tired after you worked several hours _____ the evening. Please take a rest. 17.change one’s mind 改变注意 make up one’s mind 下决心;决定 ⑴ He______________________ go to university after graduation from high school. ⑵ He is very stubborn(固执的)and he is not easy to _________________.

重点句子解析
1. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use:bus or train? prefer v.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) (1)prefer sth. prefer (sb.) to do sth. prefer sth./doing...to sth./doing...与??相比更喜欢??; e.g. I would prefer meat to fish. I prefer singing to acting. prefer to do...rather than do... e.g. He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping. 他宁可呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。 (2)preference n. 偏爱;爱好;喜爱 (1)He prefers _______indoors _______out this afternoon. A.to stay;to go B.staying;to go C.to stay;to going D.staying;to going (2)The little girl_____ go to the cinema rather than _____at home alone that night. A.preferred;stay B.prefers to;to stay C.preferred to;stay D.prefers to;stay 2.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 1). dream n. v. dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt dream of/about sth. (vi.) dream a…dream (vt.) dream that… (vt.) dream sb. to be … (vt.) 1) 他梦想着有一天为自己工作, 没有老板. He working for himself and not having a boss one day. = He that one day he will work for himself and not have a boss. 2) 我做梦也没想到他是个撒谎的人. I never a liar.

3. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车沿湄公河从它的源头行走到入海口。 强调句的结构是: It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句 如果强调的部分是人,可用 who,也可用 that, 强调其他成分与内容都用 that。 强调时间和地点不能用 when 或 where,只用 that。 e. g.我看这部电影是在上海。 (强调地点状语) It was in Shanghai that I saw the film. 根据上下文和语义意图,说话人可以通过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使之成为信息中 心。 e. g ⑴ All the members held ②a meeting ③in the club ④ yesterday. ⑴It was all the members that/who held a meeting in the club yesterday. (强调主语, was 不能换用 were) ②It was a meeting that all the members held in the club yesterday. (强调宾语 a meeting) ③It was in the club that all the members held a meeting yesterday. (强调地点状语,that 不可换用 where) ④It was yesterday that all the members held a meeting in the club. (强调时间状语 that 不可换用 where) 把这个句子的不同成分改成强调句。John gave Mary a handbag at Christmas. 高考链接 1.Was it ___ that I saw last night at the concert? A. you B. not you C. that yourself 2. It was because of bad weather ___ the football match had to be put off. A. so B. so that C. why D. that 4. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting get to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她不知道旅行的最佳方式, 但是她还是坚决主张她来合理安排这次 旅行。 insist that +从句 “坚持说”(后表示一个事实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 既按需要选择 时态。 e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚拟语气 , 既 “should +v.” e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted that she (should) see a doctor. 高考链接 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately. A has been sent for B. sent for C. will be sent for D. be sent for 2.The doctor insisted that I a high fever and that I a rest for a few days. A.had;had B.have;have C.had;have D.have;had

5. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 当我告诉她我们将在海拔 5000 米处开始旅程, 她好像对此很兴奋。 1.seem+不定式(短语)为“ ??看起来好像?? ” I seem to have caught a cold . 2. at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处 e.g. The plane is flying at a height / altitude of 10,000 feet. 注意:at 在此处表 “在……处/时, 以……”后接年龄, 速度, 长宽深高, 价格, 费用等 在…岁时 以的价格 在….深度\宽度处 在…距离处 at the age of at a high / low price at a depth/width of at a distance of 6. When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 将呼吸困难, 天气严寒…… 主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义 e.g. The problem is really hard to work out. My boss is easy to deal with. 当我告诉她

这类形容词有 surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc. I am surprised to see you 7. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province 穿过深谷流经云南省西部时它变成急流. 辨析: Across;through ; over prep. 穿过 across 常表示从一定范围的一边到另一边或事物交叉位置, “横穿, 横跨” 表面, 含义与 on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间内部, 含义与 in 有关 over 表示 “越过” 是指越过较高的物体从一侧到另一侧 e.g. She swam ________the river. The river flows _________the city from west to east. Walk _______the square and go _________the gate, then you’ll come to the cafe. The thief climbed ______the wall and ran away. 写出下列单词的正确形式: 1. He is planning his work _______ (进度表) for the following week. 2. They took many pictures of the _________ (瀑布) yesterday. 3. What is the ______ (海拔) of this mountain? 4. I think you don’t know your own ___________. In fact, no one is perfect. 5. He is so s________ that nobody can change his mind. 6. Do you know where the s______ of the Changjiang River is? 7.We are looking for someone who is (可靠的) and hard-working. 8.We tried to p him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen. 9.Though with great difficulty,I finished all my work f . 10.Excuse me,what is the f to London?Is $5 enough? 11.The captain kept a j when he was at sea.He wrote down everything that happened. 12.Your main d is your lack of job experience.

II. 词组识记 1. take a great bike trip 11. 山地车 2. give me a determined look 12. 关心,在于 3. change one’s mind 13.下决心做某事 4. give in 14. 为. . .某人所熟悉 5. in western Yunnan Province 15. 在海拔 5000 多米处 6. have an idea 16. 沿着湄公河从源头骑车至终点 7. field trip 17. 梦想做某事 8. as usual 18. 说服某人做某事 9. stay awake 19. 很有乐趣 10. travel journal 20. 一则是. . .再则是. . . 第一部分基础练习答案 I.词汇 a. journals, dreamed/dreamt, to persuade, stubborn, insisted, determined, familiar, recorded, properly, details b. 1. 作一次了不起的自行车旅行 2. 给我一个坚定的眼神 3. 改变主意 4. 投降,屈服,让步 5. 在云南省西部 6. 想出一个主意/办法 begins to where it ends 7. (学生)实地考察旅行 8. 像平常一样 9. 醒着 10. 旅游日记/志 11. mountain bike 12. care about 13.make up one’s mind to do? 14. be familiar to sb 15. at an altitude of over 5,000 meters 16. cycle along the Mekong River from where it 17. dream of/ about doing 18. persuade sb to do/ into doing? 19. great fun 20. for one thing,?for another/ also

第二部分 强化训练
一. 单项选择 1 I have two tickets to Beijing. I_______ my father. A am taking B have taken C take D will have taken 2 Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology_______ so rapidly. A has changed B is changing C will have changed D will changed 3 He ________ of how he can do more for the people. A will always think B is always thinking C has always been thinking D does think always 4 I want to know when he ________ for New York. A has left B had left C is leaving D would leave 5 __ That famous fish _______ because of pollution. __ Yes, we have to do something to save it. A has died B had died C is dead D is dying 6 All day today, Jane and her sister _______ very hard at home.

7 8

9

10 11

12 13

14

15 二 1 2 3 4 5 6

A are work B are worked C are working D have working When I see Jean in the street, she always _______at me. A smiled B has smiled C was smiling D smiles Janet_______ one dress already, and now she _______ another. A made, is been making B had made, is making C has made, is making D would have made, is being made Do you know when Mr. Brown___________? When he ________, please let me know. A is coming, will come B comes, is coming C will come , comes D comes, will come While________, she cut himself. A shaved B shaving C was shaving D was shaved As she_________ the newspaper, Granny________ asleep. A read, was falling B was reading, fell C was reading, was falling D read, fell I don’t think Jim saw me, he ________ into space. A just stared B has just stared C was just staring D had just stared __Come on, Peter. I want to show you something . __ Oh, how nice of you. I ________ you _________ bring me a gift. A never think, are going B never thought, were going C didn’t think, were going D hadn’t thought, were going don’t really work here, I ________ until the new secretary arrives. A just help out B have just helped out C am just helping out D will just help out According to the timetable, the plane for London_______ at seven. A leaves B has left C left D will leave

用括号中所给词的正确时态填空。 ( 每空一词) I ______ ________ _______ _________(buy) a house when we save enough money What _____ you _______ _______ _______ ( be) when you grow up? This coming weekend, my friend Jack and I ______ ________ (take) a trip. The play ______ ______ ________ ________ _______ (produce) next month. We ________ _________ (leave) as soon as my husband gets off work Friday afternoon. The committee ______ ________ _______ _______ ( have) several meetings to discuss these problems. 7 My sister _____ _______ ______ _______ ( have) a baby. 8 What are your plans for this evening? I ______ _______ (stay) at home. How about you? I _______ ________ (go) to a cybercafe to send some e-mails. Then I am going to the English Coversation Club. I _____ _______ ( meet) Anna there. 第二部分强化训练 答案 一 !—5 ABBCD 6---10 CDCCB 11—15 BCBBA 二 1 am going to buy 2 are, going to be 3 are taking/ will take 4 is going to be produced 5 are leaving/ will/shall leave 6 is going to have 7 is going to have 8 am staying/ will stay, am going, am meeting

II. 词组识记 1. take a great bike trip 作一次了不起的自行车旅行 2. give me a determined look 给我一个坚定的眼神 3. care about 关心,在乎 3. change one’s mind 改变主意 5 make up one’s mind to do?/ determine to do sth.下决心做某事 4. give in 屈服让步 7 be familiar to sb 为. . .某人所熟悉 8 in western Yunnan Province 在云南省西部 9. at an altitude of over 5,000 meters 在海拔 5000 多米处 10cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends 沿着湄公河从源头骑 车至终点 11 . 梦想做某事 dream of/ about doing 12 as usual 像往常一样 13. 说服某人做某事 persuade sb to do/ into doing? 14. travel journal 旅游日记/志 I.词汇 a. journals, dreamed/dreamt, to persuade, stubborn, insisted, determined, familiar, recorded, properly, details b. 1. 作一次了不起的自行车旅行 11. mountain bike 山地车 2. 给我一个坚定的眼神 12. care about 3. 改变主意 13.make up one’s mind to do? 4. 投降,屈服,让步 14. be familiar to sb 5. 在云南省西部 15. at an altitude of over 5,000 meters 6. 想出一个主意/办法 16. cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends 7. (学生)实地考察旅行 17. dream of/ about doing 8. 像平常一样 18. persuade sb to do/ into doing? 9. 醒着 19. great fun 10. 旅游日记/志 20. for one thing,?for another/ also


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