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(英语)珠海市2012届高三上学期学生学业质量监测


珠海市 2012 届高三上学期学生学业质量监测 英语试卷
(本试卷三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟) 注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试 室号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相 应位置上。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信 息点涂黑,如需

改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在 试卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题 目指定区域内相应位置上:如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新 的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 I.语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The passengers on the bus watched with sympathy as Susan made her way carefully up the steps.She paid the driver and then, using her hands to 1 the seats, settled in one of them. It had been a year since Susan became 2 . As the result of an accident she was suddenly thrown into a world of darkness. Susan's husband Mark watched her sink into hopelessness and he was 3 to use every possible means to help his wife. Finally, Susan felt ready to 4 to her job, but how would she get there? She used to take the bus,but she was now too 5 to get around the city by herself. Mark 6 to ride the bus with Susan each morning and evening until she could manage it by herself. For two weeks, Mark 7 Susan to and from work each day. He taught her how to rely on her other 8 , specifically her hearing, to determine where she was and how to adapt to her new 9 . At last, Susan decided that she was ready to try the trip on her own. Monday morning arrived.Before she left, she hugged her husband 10 ,her eyes filled with tears of gratitude(感 激). She said good-bye and, for the first time, they went their 11 ways. Each day went perfectly, and a wild 12 took hold of Susan. She was doing it! On Friday morning, Susan took the bus to work as usual. As she was getting off the bus, the driver said, "Miss, I sure 13 you." "You know, every morning for the 14 week, a fine-looking gentleman in a military uniform has been standing across the comer watching you until you enter your office building safely," the bus driver said. Tears of happiness poured down Susan's cheeks. She was so lucky for he had given her a gift more powerful than sight. That is the gift of 15 that can bring light where there is darkness. 1. A. touch B. grab C. count D. feel

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2. A. deaf B. dumb C. blind D. lamb 3. A. inspired B. determined C. honored D. pleased 4. A. return B. adjust C. contribute D. stick 5. A. dared B. astonished C. depressed D. frightened 6. A. volunteered B. attempted C. continued D. struggled 7. A. drove B. directed C. accompanied D. sent 8. A. feelings B. organs C. skills D. senses 9. A. position B. environment C. status D. role 10. A. politely B. calmly C. briefly D. tightly 11. A. opposite B. separate C. fixed D. lonely 12. A. disappointment B. discouragement C. movement D. excitement 13. A. respect B. envy C. know D. support 14. A. past B. same C. first D. next 15. A. courage B. will C. love D. wisdom 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-20 的相应位置上。 I remember a night last December 16 everything went wrong for me. I had an 17 (invite) to a party, but I didn't check the date and time 18 leaving home. When I arrived at my friends' house, I knew immediately that something was wrong. Nobody was there. After talking to some neighbors, I learned my friends were on holiday! There was no point in 19 (hang)around, so I decided to drive home. After about a mile, the car stopped. All of 20 sudden, I had run out of petrol. What's more, I had to walk two miles 21 I found a petrol station. While I was waiting for some petrol, I started talking to a girl in the queue. Just as I was about to pay, I realized I 22 (leave) my wallet at home. The girl was called Marie and 23 offered to give me a lift in her car. 24 (fortunate), it was an old car and as soon as we left the petrol station, it broke down! In the end, Marie had to pay for a taxi for 25 of us. Ⅱ.阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A All the wisdom of the ages, all the stories that have delighted mankind for centuries, are easily and cheaply available to all of us within the covers of books, but we must know how to avail (使获得)ourselves of this treasure and how to get the most from it. The most unfortunate people in the world are those who have never discovered how satisfying it is to read good books. I am most interested in people, in finding out about them. Some of the most remarkable people I've met existed only in a writer's imagination, then on the pages of his books, and then, again, in my imagination. I've found in books new friends, new society, and new words. Reading is the pleasure of the mind, which means that it is a little like a sport: your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good reader. Reading is fun, not because the writer is telling you something, but because it makes your mind work. Your own imagination works along with the author's or even goes beyond his. Your experience, compared with his brings you to the same or different conclusions, and your ideas develop as you understand his.

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Every book stands by itself, like a one-family house, but books in a library are like houses in a city.Although they are separate, together they all add up to something. They are connected with each other and with other cities. The same ideas, or related ones, turn up in different places; the human problems that repeat themselves in life repeat themselves in literature, but with different solutions according to different writings at different times. Books influence each other; they link the past, the present and future and have their own generations, like families. Wherever you start reading, you connect yourself with one of the families of ideas, and in the long run, you not only find out about the world and the people in it; you find out about yourself, too. Reading can only be fun if you expect it to be. If you concentrate on books somebody tells you "you ought" to read, you probably won't have fun. But if you put down a book you don't like and try another till you find one that means something to you, and then relax with it, you will almost certainly have a good time-and if you become, as a result of reading, better, wiser, kinder, or more gentle, you won't have suffered during the process. 26. What kind of people are the most unfortunate in the writer's eyes? A. Those who only know how to get from his books. B. Those who exist only in a writer's imagination. C. Those who don't know the pleasure of reading. D. Those who don't come to the same or different conclusions as the writer. 27. What has the author benefited from the book? A. He has found new friends, new society and new words. B. He has found his own imagination, experience and conclusions. C. He has found the past, the present and future. D. He has found a result of reading. 28. Why does the writer think reading is fun? A. Because reading can make us a good reader. B.Because reading makes our minds work. C.Because reading can save our time. D.Because reading values ourselves better and wiser. 29.The underlined phrase”turn up”in paragraph 4 means__________. A.have great pleasure B.find C.face another way D.appear 30.What would be the best title for the text? A.The Pleasure of Reading B.The Ways of Reading C.The Imagination of Reading D.The Better Result of Reading B How would you like an easy way to earn $ 2,500? All you have to do is to sit around and wait for your meals. There's a catch however. You have to stay in a chicken cage with a stranger for a whole week. There are no books or television or radio for amusement. You can't leave until the week is up. And a camera will be recording your every move. Two people actually took the job. The idea came from Rob Thompson, a video artist. He wanted to make a film about the way animals are treated. His goal was to raise people's awareness of the living conditions of animals that arc raised for food. He decided to pay $ 5,000 out of his own savings to two people who were willing to live like chickens for a week. To Rob's surprise, quite a few people answered his advertisement. He had interviewed and

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selected Eric, a 24-year-old restaurant worker, and Para, a 24-year-old chemist. The plan was for them to spend seven days together in a chicken cage that was six feet long and three feet wide. A camera would record their experiences, which would take place in an art museum. The week was long and difficult. They slept on a hard wooden floor. They couldn't stand up without hanging their heads. They ate vegetables and drank water from a garden hosepipe. Their only privacy was a toilet surrounded by a curtain. There were no sinks, mirrors, or toothbrushes in the cage. Their only respiration was the two framed checks that hung on the wall outside the cage. Visitors Who came here were warned, "Do not feed the humans." Finally it was over, and Para and Eric appeared from their cage. They had survived the week, and they each had a $2,500 check in their hands. When Rob Thompson opened the cage, Eric came out, changed into clean clothes, and ate a chocolate bar right away. "It's great to be able to stand up," he said. Para just changed her clothes and left. After a week of visitors and reporters watching her, she didn't want to talk to anyone. 31. What kind of person is Rob Thompson? A. He is curious about people's personal life. B. He is kind-hearted to animals. C. He hates people around. D. He likes to help poor people. 32. The underlined word "catch" probably means __________ A. unsolved problem B. surprising wonder C. unbelievable fact D. hidden difficulty 33. What made it most difficult for the two to stay in the cage? A. They didn't know each other. B. They couldn't lie down to sleep in the cage. C. They didn't have meat to eat. D. They had to do almost everything under others' eyes. 34. Rob offered the money because he wanted ___________ A. to see if there were any people who would like to live in a cage B. to show the public how terrible animals' life could be C. to make more money by publishing the recorded videotapes D. to improve housing conditions of working people like Eric 35. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? A. Easy Way to Earn $ 2,500 B. Do Not Feed the Humans C. Living Like a Chicken D. Getting Along Well Anyway C It is important to keep in mind that choosing a major and preparing for a career are not the same process. It's tree that a college education will help you prepare for the job market. But it's untrue that most majors lead directly to particular jobs. Instead, any major can prepare you for numerous job possibilities. A college degree does help you in your work, but perhaps not for the reasons you think. College is the precious experience in your life. You can learn human history, culture, and

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behavior, as well as the information and theories involved in mathematics and the natural sciences, As you do this, you acquire specific skills - how to define a question, how to investigate possibilities, and how to articulate your findings and theories, These skills are the most important things you will learn in college. They are the skills you will use in work and in your life outside of work. And they can be learned within any major. The choice of major usually does not determine career options after college. There are exceptions, of course. If you want to be a nurse, you need a degree in nursing. But you might be surprised to learn how much flexibility exists even in technical fields. And most people who major in history do not become historians. They become stock-brokers, advertising executives (行政领 导 ) , and those who are engaged in other professions. Furthermore, simply majoring in an area which looks as though it might lead to a highly-paid job does not mean that you will do well in that major or enjoy the work in that area. Most Art and Science majors do not provide any real vocational training. Employers hire and promote people in the bases of the quality of their work, and the quality of their work usually depends on how much they enjoy it. Therefore it is fitable to ask "What can I do with a major in--- ?". But it is equally important to ask, "What do I want to do?" 36. What's the main idea for this passage? A. Learning as much knowledge as possible in college is very important. B. Choosing a major and preparing for a career should be treated differently C. Most majors lead directly to particular jobs and play the most important role D. Those who major in history do not all become historians. 37. By taking part in the courses in college, we can obtain_____________ A. a good job offered by the college, B. the specific skills such as how to define a question C. the ability to write books on mathematics and the natural sciences D. the scholarship offered by the college 38. The underlined word "articulate" in the second paragraph means _________ A. express what you are thinking or feeling very clearly B. prove findings and theories correct C. learn some knowledge and be able to use it correctly D. repeat some findings exactly 39. According to the fourth paragraph, employers would prefer to hire people who ___________ A. graduate from famous colleges and make a good score B. have great interest in the work and can do it well C. major in art, science as well as history D. have the ability to define a question and investigate possibilities 40. What would we do before choosing a major according to the passage? A. Learn about the major and our own talents and interests B. Choose an excellent college at first C. Consult the teachers in the senior high school D. Consider whether the major is popular with students D Children are losing the ability to play properly because they are being given too many

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toys and games, according to a new research. The studies show that children, especially those under five, are often overwhelmed and actually play less than those with fewer toys. It may even harm their development. The studies show that giving children too many toys or toys of the wrong type can actually be doing them harm. They get overwhelmed and cannot concentrate on any one thing long enough to learn from it. The conclusions have been backed up by British research looking at children with relatively fewer toys, whose parents spend more time reading, singing or playing with them. It showed such children surpass youngsters from richer backgrounds, even those who could use computers. Some parents notice the ill effect early. Orhan Ismail, a researcher saw a change for the worse in Cameron,his 10-month-old son, after he was given a lot of toys last Christmas. Ismail said, "If there are too many toys in front of him he will just keep flitting around them and then end up going off and finding something like a slipper to play with. Now we just get out one or two toys and hide the rest in a box." Alexander and her husband also decided to limit the toys their 6 daughters play with. She believes many toys restrict children's imaginations. She said, "A Barbie can only work as a Barbie. But a cardboard box can become anything. The only limitations are in the child's mind." Experts hesitate to put a figure on the number of toys children should have, but many believe two dozen is enough for children of pro-school ago. 41. We learn from the 3rd paragraph of the text that_______ A. British research group have been in favor of the conclusions B. The conclusions have turned up in the British research report C. British research group have taken back the conclusions D. Lots of ups and downs have happened in the search for the conclusion 42. In the writer's opinion, a Barbie___________ A. can attract more attention from children than a cardboard box B. can work more than a Barbie C. may become anything else such as a cardboard box D. may keep children from further imaginations 43. Which of the following is TRUE about toys given to children? A. Many toys will help children develop wide interests B. One or two toys at a time will help children concentrate C. Only wrong types of toys do harm to children D. The proper number of toys given to the children depends on their ages 44. It may NOT be a good idea to_______ A spend more time reading or playing with children B choose right types of toys for children C ask experts for the exact number of necessary toys D put out one or two toys and hide the rest 45. What does the underlined word" hesitate" in the last paragraph mean? A. Be unwilling B. Be happy C. Be upset D. Be angry 第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

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阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字 母涂黑。 下面是对几部电影的介绍: A. Black Snake Moan Rae has been left for dead on the roadside when Lazarus discovers her The God-fearing, middle-aged black man quickly learns that the young white woman whom he's nursing back to health is none other than the town tramp from the small Tennessee town where they live. Worse, she has an anxiety disorder. B. Blades of Glory When two figure skaters Chazz and Jimmy brawl (打架) for the gold medal at the World Championships, they are stripped (剥夺) of their gold medals and banned from the sport for life. C. Mr. Brooks Consider Mr. Brooks, a successful businessman, a generous philanthropist (慈善家), a loving father and devoted husband. Seemingly, he's perfect. But Mr. Brooks has a secret -he is a cruel serial killer and no one knows it -- until now. D. Evening The film explores the romantic past and emotional present of Ann Grant and her daughters. As Ann lays dying, she reflects on the time in her youth when she met the love of her life, a man she has never forgotten. Her daughters learn that decisions made on impulse (冲动) can affect a lifetime, and how important it is to know true love when it finds you. E. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix Harry Potter returns for his fifth year of study at Hogwarts and discovers that much of the wizard community has been denied the truth about the teenager's recent encounter with the evil Lord Voldemort, preferring to turn a blind eye to the news that Voldemort has returned. F. The Invisible Nick is a high school senior with a bright future until, in a tragic case of mistaken identity, he is wildly attacked by a troubled girl Annie, and his body is left for dead. 请阅读下列的电影补充介绍,然后匹配电影补充介绍与它们所对应的电影名称。 46. Deeply moving and extremely romantic, it is a film about the moments in life that define us, and the timeless love that binds mothers and daughters, sisters and friends. 47. He decides to cure her both in body and in spirit. He uses unusual ways -- tying her to the radiator (电暖炉). And by saving her, the man might just save himself. 48. Now in limbo (中间过渡状态), he is not quite dead but invisible to the living, and his spirit can only watch as his mother and the police search for him, not knowing that he is only hours away from death. 49. Fearing that Hogwarts' venerable (值得尊敬的) headmaster, Albus Dumbledore is lying about Voldemort's return in order to weaken his power and take his job, the Minister for Magic, Cornelius Fudge, appoints a new teacher to keep watch over Hogwarts' students. 50. Now, three-and-a-half years on, they've found there will be some hope that they will be allowed to compete again: if they can put aside their differences, they can skate together in pairs figure skating. Ⅲ.写作(共两节,满分 40 分)

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第一节:基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 最近,为了更好地了解中学生的课外阅读习惯,我们在 2000 名学生中进行了一次调查 (survey). 以下是调查的一些情况: 调查内容 阅读数量(5本以下数量) 喜欢的阅读材料 学生阅读量少的原因 初中生 37% 漫画杂志、幽默故事 没兴趣 高中生 37% 通俗小说、经典作品、科幻小说 作业太多,没时间

调查结论

1、要鼓励学生更多地开展阅读; 2、给予学生更多课外阅读的时间。

写作内容: 请根据以上调查数据,写一篇短文,需包括如下内容: 1、开展调查的时间、调查对象和目的; 2、初高中学生每年阅读数量的发现; 3、初高中学生所喜欢阅读材料方面的差异; 4、关于初高中学生阅读少的原因; 5、调查给我们带来的启示。 写作要求: 1、只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2、文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 第二节:读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求,写一篇 150 词作用有的英语短文 A Little at a Time Carl Walter was my piano teacher. During one of my lessons he asked how much practice I was doing. I said three or four hours a day. "Do you practice in long stretches, an hour at a time?" "'I try to." "Well, do not," he exclaimed." When you grow up, time won't come in long stretches. Practice in minutes, whenever you can find them five or ten before school, after lunch, between chores. Spread the practice through the day, and piano-playing will become a part of your life." Years later when I was teaching at Columbia, I wanted to write, but recitations, theme-reading, and meetings filled my days and evenings. For two years I got practically nothing down on paper, and my excuse was that I had no time. Then I recalled what my piano teacher said to me. During the next week I conducted an experiment. Whenever I had five minutes unoccupied, I sat down and wrote a hundred words or so. To my astonishment, at the end of the week I had written quite a lot. Later on I wrote novels by the same piecemeal method. Though my teaching schedule had become heavier than ever, every day there were idle moments which could be caught and put to use. I even took up piano-playing again, finding that the small interval of the day provided enough time for both writing and piano practice.

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【写作内容】 有一些事情你很想做,可一直没时间。今天,你在杂志上读了上面这篇文章,你很有感 触,于是打算把它写在日记里。以下是你日记的内容,开头已给出。 1.以约 30 个词概括你所读的这个故事; 2.以约 120 个词谈谈这个故事给你的启发; (1)看完这个故事的感受; (2)你打算如何运用你今天所领会到的去解决你的问题。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直 接引用原文的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语句连贯。 January 12 Friday Sunny Today I read a very good essay. It is about.....

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参考答案
完形填空(每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1-5. DCBAD 6-10.ACDBD 11-15.BDBAC 语法填空(每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16. when 17. invitation. 18. before 21. until 22. had left 23. she 阅读理解(每小题 2 分,满分 50 分) 26-30 CABDA 31-35 BDDBC 46-50 DAFEB

19. hanging 20. a 24. Unfortunately 25.both

36-40 BBABA

41-45 ADBCA

基础写作(15 分) Recently we made / conducted a survey of 2,000 junior and senior students to learn more about their reading Habits. We found 37 percent of middle school students read fewer than 5 books per year. With regard to reading material, it was shown that junior students preferred cartoon magazines and joke books while senior students preferred popular novels, classic works and science fiction. AS for why students read so little, some of the junior students said they had no interest in reading while some of the senior students complained that they had no time to read because they had too much homework to do. The findings suggest.we need to encourage students to do more reading and give students more time for reading after class. 读写任务(25 分) One possible version: January12 Friday Sunny Today I read a very good essay. It is about how the author realized her dream as a writer even though she was a busy fulltime teacher. She managed it by making good use of every idle minute. After reading it, I was shocked and at the same time I felt sorry for myself. I am a middle school student. I have always been complaining about the lack of time: there is not enough time for me to memorize so many English words so I take it for granted that I should be poor in English; I don't have the time to help with the housework; I seldom have any time for sports"" I've come to understand where my problem is. From now on, I will learn to manage well my time. First I will make good plans and preparations beforehand so that I can concentrate on my task almost instantly when the time comes, in this way; I am sure I will have enough time for my study, sports, let alone helping with the housework. Remember: make every minute count.

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