第一讲 记叙文：写人 一、写作指导 高考英语基础写作中的写人侧重人物的介绍， 可以用第一人称(如写求职信)， 也可以用 第三人称， 时态常常用一般现在时和一般过去时， 具体的人称和时态要依据写作的要求来确 定。写作过程中要注意以下几个方面的问题： 1．人物写作通常需要介绍人物的姓名、年龄、外貌、学历、经历、专业、爱好、特长、 事迹、性格等多个方面，但英
语基础写作需要严格按照写作要求来写，包括所给的全部信息 点，既不能遗漏，也不能随意添加。 2．对题目所给的信息要进行适当重组，安排好写作顺序，突出重点信息。重点信息通 常是写作的目的所在，比如求职要重点突出学历、经历，新闻报道要重点突出事迹，介绍自 己的老师、朋友要突出他们的特点，等等。 3．正确运用描写人物的词汇和句型。 4．注意运用正确的时态。描写人物的外貌、性格、兴趣等常用一般现在时，而描写人 物的出生、教育背景、经历、事迹常用一般过去时。 二、常用词语 外貌特征： beautiful, big nose, black eyes， fat, good-looking， handsome, healthy, near-sighted， ordinary-looking， pretty， short， strong, tall， thin, with a big nose, with a big smile, white-haired，1.80 metres tall, etc. 性格特点：absent-minded, attractive，bad-tempered，be ready to help others, bright，charming，confident, diligent，friendly, generous, have a good temper, humorous，independent, kind, kind-hearted，lazy，narrow-minded, naughty，patient， think of others, smart，talkative， warm-hearted，wise，etc. 出生年龄：a twenty-five-year-old young man, as a boy of 15, at the age of 20, be born on February 12th, 1987 , during his childhood, in one’s fifties, live a happy/ hard life, spend his childhood in the countryside, the son of a poor family, when he was a small boy, etc. 兴趣爱好：be angry with sb for sth, be angry about, be delighted in doing, be good at singing, be interested in English, be fond of music, be crazy about, be pleased with, be sick for, be sorry for, be strict in one’s work, be worried about, do well in his research work, ,enjoy doing, expect to do, feel surprised at, have a strong desire to do, look forward to doing sth., long for (long to do), make rapid progress in, put one’s heart into, take a pleasure in doing; wish to do, work hard at his studies, etc. 教育背景： be admitted to Beijing University, be enrolled in, fail in the test, get a master’s degree, get on well with one’s lessons, give sb. a passing grade, go abroad to further one’s study, graduate from Physics Department of Qinghua University, his father was very strict with him, lay a good foundation in English, major in history, receive a doctor’s degree, pass the examination, study hard at, take several courses at school, take an active part in class，when at college, etc.
经历事迹： become a member of the team, concentrate oneself to doing sth., devote oneself to one’s business, do sth with great determination and perseverance, do research into this field, encourage sb to do sth, fight for our revolutionary course, give up one’s life for sth, have a good way of doing sth, have a talent for language, make up one’s mind to do sth., overcome many difficulties, receive the Nobel Prize for physics, serve as nurse, set a new world record of 110 metre hurdling, try one’s best to do sth., win the first prize in the competition, win a gold /silver/ bronze medal, etc. 他人评价：an inspiring leader, a model worker, an advanced teacher, be respected by all his students, be honored as, be considered as, be famous/known as, be regarded as, his hard work brought him great success, make great contributions to our country, one of the most important persons in the past ten years, consider sb. as a genius, consider sb. as the greatest leader, set a good example for all of us, speak highly of him, etc. 三、实例分析 【例 1】 李华自我介绍 假设你是李华，申请到一家外资企业工作，你需要用英文给人事部经理写一封信，介绍 自己的基本情况，简介信包括下表所列内容： 姓名： 李华 出生年月 1981 年 8 月 出生地： 广东省佛山市 学历： 1994—2000 佛山第一中学 2000—2004 广州大学计算机系 2004—至今 在一家计算机公司工作 所学主要课程: 计算机、中文、数学、英语、体育 特长爱好: 游泳（曾获得过大学游泳比赛一等奖），音乐 +++ Dear Manager, ?? I am looking forward to your reply. Thank you. Yours Truly, Li Hua 写作指导： 文体： 记叙文，用第一人称 信息组织： ①写信目的，到贵公司工作；②姓名、出生地点、日期； ③学习简历；④ 学习内容，现在情况；⑤爱好和特长 时态： 一般现在时， 现在进行时，一般过去时
I am writing you a letter in order to apply for a position in your company. My name is Li Hua and I was born in Foshan City of Guangdong Province in August 1981. I studied in Foshan No. 1 Middle School from 1994 - 2000, and then I came to study in the Computer Department of Guangzhou University for four years. I studied computer science, Chinese, maths, English, P.E, and now I am working for a computer company. I like pop music and swimming very much, and I once won the first prize for swimming in the school competition. I am looking forward to your reply.Thank you. Yours Truly, Li Hua
Dear Manager, I am writing you a letter in order to apply for a position in your ??. My name is ??and I was born in ??(地点) in ?? (时间). I studied in ??( 地点 ) , and then I came to study in ??( 地点 ). I studied ??( 课程内容 ) ， and now I am working for ??( 工作单位 ). I like??(兴趣爱好)very much, and I once won the first prize for??(获 奖内容). I am looking forward to your reply. Thank you. Yours Truly, （签名）
第二讲 议论文：如何对比不同观点 议论文是作者对某个问题或某件事进行分析、评论，表明自己的 观点、立场、态度、看法和主张的一种文体。议论文有三要素，即论 点、论据和论证。论点的基本要求是：观点正确，认真概括，有实际 意义，恰当地综合运用各种表达方式；论据基本要求是：真实可靠， 充分典型；论证的基本要求是：推理必须符合逻辑。
一、议论文写作三要素 议论文主要包括三要素： 论点、 论据和论证方法。 论点必须正确。 论据是为说明论点服务的，既要可靠又要充分，事实胜于雄辩，是最 好的论据。论据也可以是人们公认的真理，经过实践考验的哲理。论 证的方法多种多样，常用的方法有： 1. 归纳法 从分析典型，即分析个别事物入手，找出事物的共同特点，然后 得出结论。 2. 推理法 从一般原理出发，对个别事物进行说明、分析，而后得出结论。 3. 对照法 对所有事实、方面进行对照，然后加以分析，得出结论。 4.驳论法 先列出错误的观点，然后加以逐条批驳，最后阐明自己的观点。 二、议论文的特点 议论文的结构一般有引子、正文和结论句三部分。一般在引子部 分提出论点，即文章的主题，在正文部分摆出有利的事实，对论点进 行严密的论证，最后根据前面的论证得出结论。 三、议论文的写法 要写好议论文，必须注意以下几点： 1.确定论点。 论点通常在文章的第一段提出。 2.要有足够的论据，可以列举生活的实例。 3.论证要有严密的逻辑性。 所有事实、原因、理由应紧密地同结论连接起来。 4.层次要清楚。 5.态度诚恳、友好，因为议论文重在说理，以理服人。 6.论据要充分 欲证明自己的观点必须有充分的证据。作者可以列举事实、展示 数据、提供事例、借助常识或利用亲身经历。 议论文在写作手法上以议论为主，但有时也要运用说明、叙述、 描写等手法。议论中的说明常为议论的开展创造条件，或是议论的补 充；议论文中的叙述和描写应是为论点提供依据的，因此，叙述应该 是概括的，描写应该是简要的。特别要提醒的是写议论文常用一般现 在时。 四、实例演练 Shall high school students use mobile phones in school? 手机已经普及，连中学生也开始带手机上学了。他们认为带手机
非常方便，也很酷；也有学生主张不应该带手机进学校，手机会分散 注意力，并影响学习成绩。请你根据自己的理解，给《英语报》编辑 写信，描述这种现象并表达你的意见。 注意：1. 开头已经写好。 2. 词数：100～120 个（开头部分已给出, 不计词数） 。 Dear Editor, I‘m writing to you to ... Sincerely yours, Jack
五、对比观点作文模版 _____ is becoming more and more popular now. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say ____ is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason that ____. What is more,_____.Moreover,______. While others think that _____ is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_____. Secondly (besides),______. Thirdly (finally),_____. From my point of view, I think _____. The reason is that _____. As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former( 前者)/ the latter（后 者） is surely a wise choice. 六、模版参考范文： Dear Editor, I’m writing to you to talk about the using of mobile phones in high school. Mobile phones are becoming more and more popular now. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some students say mobile phones are their favorite. They hold their view for the reason that it is convenient /easy for us to talk with others. What is more,it is very cool for us students to have one. While others think that students’not using mobile phones is a better choice in the following two reasons. Firstly, mobile phones will draw our attentions . Besides, often using mobile phones will affect our study .
From my point of view, I think that it is not good for us students to use mobile phones in schools . The reason is that our duty is to study not to be cool. As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the latter （后者） is surely a wise choice. Sincerely yours, Jack 七、高分参考范文： Dear Editor, I’m writing to you to express my concerns about the using of mobile phones in high school. Nowadays, mobile phones are widely used; even some high school students have one, thinking it cool and convenient for communication. Some others, however, don’t think it a must to have a mobile phone. According to them, they have so much to do at school and frequent communication with the outside world may distract their attention from lessons. They also complain they are disturbed when phones ring in classrooms. Personally, I’m strongly against students’ using of mobile phones in schools. We know it takes joint efforts to create a quiet and ideal atmosphere for studies. Mobile phones, obviously a trouble maker, shall be prohibited in schools, especially in classrooms. Sincerely yours, Jack
第三讲 议论文：说明利弊题型 一、题型特点 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状，再对比事物本身的利弊，有时也会单从 一个角度（利或弊）出发，最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度（或对事物前景提 出预测） １、说明事物现状 ２、事物本身的优缺点（或一方面） ３、你对现状（或前景）的看法 二、利弊题型作文模版
Nowadays many people prefer ------------------Ａ （事物现状） because it has an important role in our daily life. Generally speaking, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(Ａ的优点之一). Besides -------------------（Ａ的优点之二）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(Ａ的第一个 缺点)．To make matters worse,------------------(Ａ的第二个缺点)． Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)． 三、实例演练 面对当前中学生“出国热” ，请你以此为题，谈谈中学生出国留学的利与弊。 （可以从以下几方面考虑，但不一定要面面俱到：年龄、生活经验、自理能力、 生活学习费用、语言学习环境、传播民族文化、学习国外先进科学技术。字数： 100—120 个） 四、模板参考范文 Nowadays many middle school students prefer studying abroad because it has an important role in our daily life. Generally speaking, its advantages can be seen as follows. First it gives us a good surroundings for language study .Second we can learn foreign advanced science and technology. Besides we can also spread our national culture to foreign countries. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that middle school students are too young to care of themselves and that they are lack of life experience. To make matters worse,the cost for life and study is too high． Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to go abroad for my
further education． 五、高分参考范文 Studying abroad in recent years has been popular. More and more students leave their own country to go abroad for their further education. They say that they can develop better with advanced facilities and teaching methods in those modern schools. By communicating with foreign students or staying a long time with them, a profitable experience is available to them. By the time they come back home, they are supposed to have a great advantage over the students at home in many ways. I quite agree with what they say. But one fact I’d like to remind them of is that quite a number of overseas students are disappointed as they can’t obtain what they hope for, let alone success. When they are abroad, they are helpless and have to be independent, which is quite contrary to what it is at home. They lack independence, can’t even tell right and wrong apart, and as a result some of them even commit crimes. Therefore, whether it is good or not to study abroad depends on the individual. So take more factors into careful consideration. 第四讲 图表作文
图表作文是近年来高考常考的题型之一，在各地的模拟考试中也屡次出现， 而且学生普遍反映此类文章不好写，难于下手动笔。但是如果我们仔细研究就不 难发现，其实此类文章还是有一些共同点和规律可以操作的，值得我们总结。 一、热点诠释 图表作文内容上多为中学生日常生活中熟悉的生活经历，以及社会热点。其 体裁多为议论文、应用文和说明文，内容大多涉及前后变化对比、正反观点对比 或产品介绍等。 要求考生通过数据、 文字内容分析， 系统准确地表达出图表含义， 并得出令人信服的结论。必须做到行文切题，紧扣中心思想，不漏要点，并且意 思连贯，文理通顺，语言准确、得当。图表作文的命题形式可分为表格式和图象 式。 二、应试技巧点拨 1.首先要认真审题。读懂题目所给信息，初步确定要点内容，并可用序号标出，
以免遗忘。 2.列提纲，使内容要点条理化、有序化，统筹安排布局。 3.勿要直译，需意译。尤其对看图情景作文要构建完整故事结构，不可逐句罗列 了事。 4.要刻意把好语言关。要用自己最熟悉的句型结构和词语，力求文理通顺、语言 准确。没有把握的词句不要写，确有把握的可以锦上添花。注意句式的变化，力 求在语言表达正确的基础上追求句式变换，确保语言表达的高级性。 5.遇到一时想不起的词语，需变通。可以用同义近义词代替，也可以用否定词加 反义词来表达，亦可变换句式。不可钻牛角尖，更不能生造词语，汉化表达。 6.注意文章的长度。看具体内容而定，如果内容多，应多用复杂句式，如果内容 不多，为了达到词的限数应多用简单句式，并适当增补合理内容。 7.注意保持卷面整洁，书写工整清楚，书写的好坏会直接影响阅卷老师的情绪。 8.最后应注意复查全文。看内容要点有无遗漏，标点、格式、大小写是否规范， 是否有语病等。 三、英语作文图表概述或描述中常用的句型 1. As is shown by the graph in the table,? （概述图表）. 例：正如曲线所示，最近 5 年来该国人口飞速增长。 As is shown by the graph in the table,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years. 2. It can be seen from the table that ? （得出结论） It can be shown from the graph that ? It can be concluded from the figures that ? It can be estimated from the statistics that ? 例：A. 从表中所给的统计数字可以看出，从 1985 年到 1990 年中国的人均 收入迅速提高。 From the statistics given in the table it can be seen that the average personal income of the Chinese people increased (grew 、rose) rapidly from 1985 to 1990. B. 从曲线图可以得出结论，最近 5 年来中国人口的出生率已经大大下降。 It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in birth rates in China in the past five years. 3. ? amount to ? （数量总计） add up to / come to / sum up to 例：全部费用合计 200 美元。 All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 200.
4. ? increase / rise / grow / climb from ? to ? （数量增加） ? decrease / fall / drop from ? to ? （数量减少） 例：A. 这个工厂生产的彩电已由 1986 年的 5000 台增加到 1990 年的 21000 台。 The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 1990. B.参加者的人数增加到 30 万。 The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons ( = The number of paticipants increased , reaching 300000 persons). C. 这个学校的教职工人数已减少到 700 人。 The number of teaching staff members in this school has decreased to 700 persons. 5. the output of ? increase / rise / grow / climb by ?per cent （数量增加%几） the output of ?decrease / fall / drop by ?per cent（数量减少%几） 例：钢的年产量上升 17% the annual output of steel rise by 17per cent 6．（be）+ 基数词 + times as + 形容词 + as ?（倍数） 例：现在我们地区的粮食产量相当于 1970 年的 3 倍。 The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 1970. 7.Compared with ? , ? 例：与去年相比，今年 13 项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。 Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent. 8.There is / has been / was a rapid / sharp rise / increase in ? (迅速/大幅度增长) There is / has been / was a steady rise / increase in ? （稳步增长） There is / has been / was a gradual fall / slow drop in ? （逐渐下降） 例：最近几年来这个地区的棉花产量有了迅速增长。 There has been a rapid rise in the cotton output in this area in the past few years.(=The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years.) 四、“结尾”段落中常用的句型 1. In my opinion, ? 2. Personally, I ? 3. In short (= In brief), ? 4. In conclusion, ?
5. As far as I’m concerned, ?
6. To conclude , it seems clear
that ? 例：至于说到我，我赞成前一种观点。所以，我的结论是，只要我们坚持正 确的东西，改正错误的东西，我们就一定能成功。 As far as I’m concerned , I’m in favour of the former view. Therefore, my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong. 五、图表作文模版 As is shown by the figure/ graph(图表/曲线图) in the table(picture /chart), ?(作文题目的议题) has been on rise /decrease （增加/减少）(goes up/increases)(drops/decreases) ,rapidly/steadily/gradually rising /decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 五、实例演练 （一）假如你是李华，在最近的研究性学习当中，受《21 世纪中学生英语 报》 （The 21st Century）之邀，你对你所在的班 60 名同学（男女各半）进行 了上网目的的调查。 现将调查结果 （如下表所示） 用英语给报社的编辑写一封信， 报道此事，以引起舆论的关注，并提出你的观点和建议。
2、文章的开头与结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 3、词数：150 4、参考词汇：调查： make a survey Dear editor， I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet. ? Yours， Li Hua 【思路点拨】 1、题材：书信；说明+议论 2、时态：一般现在时 3、人称：第一人称、第三人称 4、要点提示：（１）上网的目的；（２）读新闻；（３）发送邮件；（４）聊 天；（５）学习；（６）玩游戏；（７）评语
【参考范文】 Dear editor, I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purpose of getting on the Internet. The girls’ favorite is chatting, but few boys like it. What the boys like to do most is playing games and the girls also like it. Both boys and girls like to read news or send e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it’s the most convenient way to get information from keeping in touch with friends. As for studying, the numbers of boys and girls are equal, but altogether only several of them will use the Internet as a tool to study. In my opinion, useful as the Internet is, the students had better make better and wise use of it. Otherwise, it’s impossible for us to benefit from it. Moreover, I also hope the parents will pay enough attention to their children using the Internet in their spare time. Yours， Li Hua 【文采修饰】 1、连接词的选用：but, both?, and, moreover, otherwise 2、 高级词汇的选用： keep in touch with, as for?, use? as ?, benefit from, pay attention to, altogether, in one’s opinion.
3、 复杂句型的选用： what?most 引导的主语从句； as 引导的让步状语从句 （倒 装语序） （二）下表是你根据平时了解所得到的中国高三学生选择高考志愿的信息。 请你根据该表用英语写一篇简要介绍，向编辑部反映该情况。 约 35%的同学认为： 约 45%的同学认为： 约 20%的同学认为：
1.应以个人兴趣为主。 1.应以社会需要为主。 1.如何选择，是一难题。 2.兴趣是成功之母。 2.将来容易找到工作。 2.听从父母或老师的意 3.被迫学自己不感兴趣的 3.兴趣可以培养和改变。 见。 专业是痛苦的。 注意： 1．文章的开头已为你写好。 2．词数：100 词左右。 Chinese senior middle school graduates have different opinions on how to choose their courses and universities. ? 【思路点拨】 高考志愿填报问题，是考生、家长、社会等非常关注的一个热门话题，对于 该话题的报导以及争论是人们经常耳闻目睹的。本文从体裁上看属于议论文，其 命题方式属于图表类，要求考生根据所给的图表、数据及标题进行分析、研究， 阅读其中的文字和说明， 弄清各种信息之间的关系，提炼和确定出文章的中心思 想。然后进行分析、概括和归纳。 注意： （1）图表和数据内容不一定要全部描述。 （2）善于抓住总的规律，趋势， 归纳增减率。（3）时态：特定时间用过去时。经常出现的情况或自己的评述用 一般现在时。（4）要适当运用一些高级词汇并灵活使用图表类写作常用的经典 好句型。 【参考范文】 Chinese senior middle school graduates have different opinions on how to choose their courses and universities. A survey has been done to study it. We can see from the table that about 35% of the students believe the choice should be based on their own interest. They say interest is the mother of success. Besides, it is a miserable thing to have to spend most of your time studying what you have no interest in. More students (around 45%),however,insist that main consideration should be given to the needs of the society, for, they argue, not everyone can find the job they like best. What’s more, interest can be born and lost.
Interestingly, there are about 20% who find it too difficult to make a choice and would rather depend on their parents or teachers to make a decision. 【范文点评】 该篇文章从总体上来讲，能够把握议论文的特点。语言流畅，能够正确地利 用一些较为高级的词语以及一些精彩短语、 句型 （文中黑体字） 。 人称使用正确， 为第三人称。能够把握主体时态：用一般现在时,因为是经常出现的情况。能够 按题目的要求，涵盖所要求的内容，并适当增添了一些相关内容，较好地完成了 写作任务，达到了预定的写作目的。 (三) 北京等大城市由禁放鞭炮改为限放。中央电视台《东方时空》栏目 2 月 9 日播出“时空调查：过年你放鞭炮了吗？” 并且联合新浪网做了一个调查， 结果是：1、 放了的占 80.16% 2、没放的占 19.84% ，中国人都喜欢用燃放烟 花爆竹迎接中国年，可是不可否认的是，对于“禁放烟花爆竹”的争议却从来没 有断过。请你根据以下调查结果阐明燃放鞭炮的利弊。 80.16% 燃放鞭炮是很好的民间传统； 可以增加节日气氛。 19.84% 制造噪音，容易引发火灾；容易造成伤 害人身，资源浪费和环境污染。
写作内容 1）请根据以上提示，就其利弊谈谈自己的观点，文章的开头已经给出。 2）文章必须包括所有提示要点，但不要逐条译成英语。 写作要求 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。 评分标准 句子结构准确，信息内容完整和连贯。 As we know Beijing banned setting off fireworks in 1994. After 12 silent Spring Festivals, Beijing regained a gorgeous festival eve which was decorated with splendid fireworks and livened up with firecracker clacks. However, there is still a heated discussion whether we should ban fireworks or not in the city. ? 【参考范文】 As we know Beijing banned setting off fireworks in 1994. After 12 silent Spring Festivals, Beijing regained a gorgeous festival eve which was decorated with splendid fireworks and livened up with firecracker clacks. However, there is still a heated discussion whether we should ban fireworks or not in the city. According to the recent survey, there are 80.16% of people who support our Chinese traditional way to celebrate China New Year. They think
setting off fireworks can certainly add pleasure and joy to the festival and it can bring more traditional colors in the modern time. However, 19.84 % of people think that setting off fireworks can cause air and noise pollution. What’s worse, it sometimes causes terrible accidents to us and to our poverty. And it is very common that every year many people got injured by setting off the fireworks carelessly. 【范文点评】 文章开头用 according to the recent survey 点题，中间用 there be ,set off, add to, what’s worse 结构和句型来增添文采，处理得当，安排合理。 (四)假如你叫李华， 参加学校开展的 “有困难向谁求助” （Whom do you turn to when in trouble?）的调查活动，调查结果如下表。请用英语给校报编辑写 一封信反映相关内容。 求助对象 同学、朋友 老师、家长 无 比例 58% 30% 12% 理 由 年龄相仿，容易理解与交流 有爱心、有经验、可以信任 不愿与人交流，难以与人沟通
注意： 1．内容要点全面，并表达出你的观点。为了使文章连贯，可适当增加内容。 2．词数：120 词左右。 【参考范文】 Dear editor, I’m a student in Senior Three. We have made a survey－“Who do you turn to when in trouble?” Here are the results. Most of the students will go to their classmates or friends when in trouble as they’re almost of the same age, so they have a lot in common and understand each other easily. Some students will tell their teachers or parents about their troubles and ask them for help as the teachers and parents have rich experience and love them very much. They can be trusted by these students.Only a few students solve their problems all by themselves. They hate to talk with others and can’t get on well with others. They have few friends. In my opinion, when in trouble we’d better ask our teachers, parents, friends or classmates for help. Sincerely yours. Li Hua 【范文点评】
文章开篇点题：we have made a survey ,here are the results，文中用 when in trouble, have a lot in common, ask sb for help, in my opinion 以 及倒装句结构增加了文章的感染力和表现力。 (五)下列表格为某市 1998 年与 2008 年人们度假方式的情况比较，请 按表格内容写一篇 150 词左右的短文， 并对度假方式变化原因加以简要评析。 年度 1998 2008 原因 境外旅游 11% 22% 收入增加 海边度假 38% 31% 海水污染 爬山野营 11% 34% 回归自然 The way people spend their holidays changed a lot from 1998 to 2008. ? 【思路点拨】 1、体裁：比较对照类 2、时态：一般过去时（发表评论时可用一般现在时） 3、人称：第三人称 4、篇章结构：分三段 【参考范文】 The way people spend their holidays changed a lot from 1998 to 2008. The table shows that a greater number of people spent their holidays traveling abroad in 2008. The rate of 2008 (22%) doubled that of 1998 (11%). We are sure that the number will increase because with their incomes rising, more people can afford the journeys abroad. At the same time, the seaside attracted a lot of people. However, the rate slightly dropped from 38% in 1998 to 31% in 2008, the reason for which lies in the fact that sea water is being polluted. The polluted seaside is likely to drive more visitors away. The year 2008 saw a sharp increase in the number of people who went climbing and camping. The rate in 2008 (34%) was more than three times that in 1998 (11%). The reason is that more and more people are eager to get close to nature. (六)日前，针对学生的零用钱（pocket money）的消费方向，你对你们市某 中学的高中和初中的部分学生进行了问卷调查．得出数据如下表。现请你用英文 给某报社编辑写一封信，反映这一情况，并呼吁中学生树立正确的消费观。
注意：1．书信中不必一一列举具体数字，只要抓住主要问题和数据说明问 题即可。 2．字数：120~150 字。开头已给出．不计人总词数。 Dear editor． Recently a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money． …
【参考范文】 Dear editor, Recently a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money. In this survey, both junior students and senior students spend most their money on books, sacks and playing games, still some money goes to clothes, banks, sports, and so on. The survey shows that about 44％ of seniors prefer books to sacks （37%）and playing games （31%）.On the other hand, only 32％ of juniors will spend their pocket money buying books, while over a half buy sacks and 44％ spend on playing
games. Both seniors and juniors would not waste too much money in clothes or put it in banks. I think too much sacks will not only make us put on weight but also
do harm to our health. In addition， if we play games without limit, we'll lose much precious time, which results in low grades. Furthermore, the money is hard-earned. I hope we students value our money as well as our time. 注：以上参考范文中的黑体字均为高级的词语，以及一些精彩短语、句型。 2011 年高考英语作文范文
A． 写人： Our English Teacher Our English teacher, Ms Huang, came to our school in 1970. She has been an English teacher for more than 30 years. She works hard and has been a model teacher for many years. She is kind and friendly to us after class, but she is rather strict with us in class. She always encourages us to speak and read more English. She often says, "Practice makes perfect." She is good at teaching and tries her best to make every lesson lively and interesting. She often gives us slide shows, teaches us English songs and helps us to put on short English plays. She is not only our teacher but also our friend. We all respect and love her. Tomorrow she is going to attend an important meeting, at which she will be given a medal for her advanced deeds. B．写物： Our school Our school is located at the centre of Beijing, It is one of the largest schools in the city with over 2,000 students and about 200 teachers. Our school subjects include politics, Chinese, English, maths, history, geography, physics, chemistry and biology and so on. Most of us pay great attention to the study of English, Chinese and maths because they are very important subjects in the university entrance exam. We take special interest in English. We have spent much time on it, but we still find it difficult to learn the language well. In the afternoon when class is over, we enjoy staying at school for about one hour for some physical exercises before leaving for home. My Home Village
My home village is a small one. It's in Yuxian county of Shanxi Province. Small as it is, it's very beautiful. There are many hills around my home village and they are more beautiful than some big mountains. In spring, we can fly kites which are made by ourselves on the top of the hills. The kites fly very high. In summer, the trees are green and the grass is green, too. It is green everywhere on the hills. There are so many wild apple trees on the hills. The wild apples are nice to eat. In autumn, the corns under and around the hills are ripe. So we eat them almost every day. In winter, when it snows, all the ground is covered with snow. We can play with snow and sometimes we eat the clean snow with sugar. In my hometown the sky is blue, the air is clean, the water is sweet and the people are very friendly. I love my hometown! Changes in Our Life Over the past twenty years or so, great changes have taken place in our life. Take my family for example. My parents contacted others mainly by sending them letters in the past. But now we call long distance at home. And once my parents listened to the radio for news and other information. But now we get the news by watching TV. Another big change is in my living conditions. When they got married about twenty years ago, my parents lived in a small room crowded with furniture. But now we have moved into a big new three-room apartment. In short, our life has become comfortable and convenient.
A Good Deed Oct. 19th Tuesday Fine
One afternoon, on my way home, I saw an accident: a car hit an old man! I shouted to the pedestrians for help, but no one stopped. When the car driver saw this, he quickly closed the window Of the car and drove away. "What shall I do? The old man needs help." I thought. At that time, a truck stopped and out came the driver. "What's wrong with the old man, boy? What could I do?" the driver asked me. "Uncle, please help the old man. A car hit him and he is badly injured! "I said."Well, don't worry. Let me take him to the hospital.'' the driver said. A few minutes later, the driver took the old man to the hospital and I telephoned the police station. I told the whole story to the police and I also told them the number
of the car. The police said to me, "Well done, boy! Leave it to us. punished!" Then I went to the hospital to see the old man. When I got home, it was 7:30. I think what I did was fight.
He must be
D．书信： (1) 你堂兄建华在国外学习，你们经常用英文通信。他即将完成学业，不久前来 信就是否回国工作征求你的意见。请根据下列提示回信。 1．建议他回国。 2．你的理由是：学有所用，就业容易；照顾父母。 注意： 1．词数 100 左右；
2．行文应连贯，内容应完整； 3．开头语已为你写好。 Dear Jian Hua, I' m very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago. To Jian Hua Dear Jian Hua, I'm very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago. I' ve been thinking about the question you asked me. In my opinion, you should come back after you finish your studies abroad.For one reason, what you are studying is badly needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy for you to find a good job. In fact, I know a few big companies in our city are hoping to employ people like you. For another reason, I think it will be much more convenient for you to look after your parents as they are getting old. Therefore, I think it's a good idea for you to return. So what are you waiting for? Best wishes; Ming Hua
你叫李宏， 你校在为一批来自加拿大的交流学生征寻为期两周的住宿家庭。你有 意申请，写封信说明你申请的理由。(包括所具备的条件)。
Dear sir, I hear that our school will welcome some Canadian students to stay with us for or two weeks. Students who want to invite them to stay can take part in it. I want to try. First , my parents and I can speak English well. That benefits us to communicate with each other. Second, our house is big enough for he or she to stay. Furthermore, I live near the Huangpu River. It has a good view of Shanghai. Last but not least, in my home, he or she will enjoy much China culture. My grandpa and grandma are good at handwriting. My grandma also has a good skill in Chinese painting. I think our friendly will give him a both interesting and comfortable experience. Thank you for your reading during your busy work.. I hope that you will agree with me . Yours sincerely, Li Hong
求职信 Dear Sir or Madam, I have learned from an advertisement that your company is in need of a secretary. I would like you to consider me for the position. My name is Li Min. I am twenty-three years old. I am studying business management in Xiamen University. I will graduate this summer. I am familiar with computer operation and office softwares, which can help me do the office work very well. And I have learned English for ten years.In the past two years, I have been an editor for the English Paper of my department. My grades come out top in my department. What's more, I like office work very much and I also think that I can be competent for the job. If I could have the opportunity to get the job I will be quite appreciative. Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully Li Min
How People Spent Their Holidays As can be seen from the table, great changes took place in the ways that people spent their holidays over the period from the year 1990 to 1999. The proportion of traveling abroad and camping was increasing steadily, from 12% to 24% and from 10% to 36% separately, while that of staying at home and going to the seaside was decreasing year by year, from 38% to 31% and from 40% to 9% separately. Why were there changes? I think people can nowadays afford traveling. Also, people prefer to pursue a high-quality and colorful life. So we can see that people’s living standard has been rising greatly.
F．议论文 (1) 最近，你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。讨论的主题是：公园要 不要收门票?请你根据下表所提供的信息，给报社写一封信，客观地介绍讨论情 况。 60％的同学认为: 1．不应该收门票 2 公园是公众休闲的地方 3. 如收门票，需建大门、围墙，会影响城市形象 40％的同学认为: 1．应收门票，但票价不要太高 2．支付园林工人工资 3．购新花木 注意：1．信的开头已为你写好。 2．词数：100 左右。 Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion on whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. Opinions vary from person to person on this issue. 3．参考词汇：门票---entrance fee
50% of the students disagree with the idea of entrance fees. In their opinion, parks are public places where all the people can have a rest and enjoy themselves. So if an entrance fee is charged, some people will surely be kept away from the park. Besides, in order to charge entrance fees, gates and walls must be built. They think that it will do harm to the appearance of a city. 40% of the students agree with the idea of entrance fees, because the gardeners need to be paid and new plants and flowers need to be bought. But fees should be charged reasonably. Yours truly, XXX
On Money Money is indeed important, but money cannot buy everything. A miser may think that ―money talks,‖ but if you only give your attention to making money, you may lose many things, such as health, friendship and love. I don't think we should regard money as everything. Money is just a tool that can help us solve problems or enable us to live a comfortable life. What we should do is to use it appropriately and not become misers. This way, all of us can lead a happier life.
三班的学生进行了一场有关大学生是否应该打工的讨论。 请你根据下面表中的提 示 写一篇英语短文，介绍讨论的情况。 一些同学认为 另一些同学认为 打工会影响大学生的学习；改变正确的人生观；甚至会使他们崇拜金钱 打工可以减轻父母的负担；同时使大学生获得社会经验;发展个人能力；丰富学 习生活 注意：1．字数：100 左右； 2．不必逐条翻译，可进行合理发挥。 负担 load
3．参考词汇：打工 lake a part-time job 人生观 life view
The students of Class 3 had a discussion about whether college students should take part-time jobs. Some students think it is advantage for college students to take part-time jobs. Because, by doing part-time jobs, they can earn money on their own so that they don‘t need to ask their parents for money, and in this way, they reduce their parents‘ load. Besides, taking part-time jobs can help them gain social experience, develop personal abilities and make their life enjoyable. One the other hand, some students have a disagreement. In their opinion, the students‘ main task is to study, while taking part-time jobs has a bad effect on their study. And also, it may make college students change their life views and they may think too much of money.
假设你是李华，你的英国笔友 Bob 将于九月到你所在城市的建新华文学校学中 文，来信请你在学校附近为他找一套住房。请根据图画提供的信息，写信介绍住 房的情况，并告知住房面积为 25 平方米，月租 500 元。
注意：1．词数：100 左右： 2．参考词汇：房租—Tent(n.). I‘m very happy to receive your letter, and I‘m glad to hear that you will go to China to learn Chinese here. I have already found a fiat for you. It is on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. Bus No.11 can take you there, and it is one stop before the Chinese School. The flat is on the third floor with 3 rooms, one of which is bedroom, the other two are bathroom and kitchen. There are a bed, a sofa, a desk and some chairs in this 25 square-metres small flat, and the rent is 500 yuan per month. Maybe this fiat is not as good as your wish, but I‘ll try my best to meet your needs. If it is not suitable enough, write to me and I will look for another better place. Hope you will come here soon! All the best! Yours, Li Hua 满分理由
本文格式正确，意思表述完整，行文流畅自然。作者在写作过程中注意长短 句并用，还使用了以?which，‘引导的非限定性定语从句，从而使文章层次分明， 富于变化，不愧为考场佳作。
模板 1：观点对比 The topic about ? is becoming more and more popular in our school recently. There are two sides of opinion about it. Some students prefer to consider doing sth.(Some students say … is their favorite.) they think that… (理由一).What‘s more, …(理由二). Moreover, … (理由三) However, others believe ? is a better choice for three reasons. (然而，其余的人认为做某事是 一种较好的选择，有三个方面的理由) to begin with, … (理由一). Next, .. In addition, … From my point of view, the former is surely a wise choice. The reason is that…(或者用：As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that…(依我来看，我坚决支持这种观点… that 引导同 位语从句) 模板２：好处与坏处的对比 1.In recent years, ? has been popular. There are many advantages in…. First, … Second, …. Third, … However, there‘re some disadvantages. …. (之一). Besides, ….(之二). Also, …. (之三) In my opinion, it is true that advantages are more than disadvantages.(依我看，的确是好处多于 坏处) I think… One big advantage of ? is that?. / One obvious advantage of … is …. / Finally, … While it is true that ?. has many advantages, it is also important to realize that….(虽然某事确实 有许多好处，但是意识到…也很重要。 模板３: 问题与建议 1.In recent days, we have to face a problem that… (近来， 我们面临这样一个问题… that 引导同 位语从句). 解决办法：With the help of modern technology, we now have many means to solve it. By doing ?., we can… What‘s the most important is that… 结论：in a word, it is clear / obvious that? Only when? can we ?. 模板４: 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1.有一些人认为… 2.另一些人认为… 3.我的看法… The topic of ①____________（主题）is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ② ____________（支持 A 的理由一） What is more, ③ ( 理由二 ). Moreover, ④ _____________(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_________(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥______________ （理由二） . Thirdly (finally),⑦_____________(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧ __________( 我 的 观 点 ） .The reason is that ⑨
__________(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . 模板５:给出一个观点，要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ① ____________ （ 观 点 一 ） . For example, they think ② ___________（举例说明） ．And it will bring them ③_______________(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④__________(我不同 意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤____________(反对的理由之二)． Form all what I have said/In a word/In conclusion, I agree to the thought that ⑥ __________(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)． 模板６：解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 １. 问题现状 ２.怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face a problem A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, _________(说明Ａ的现状)．Second, ___________(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, _____________(解决方法一). For another thing ____________(解决方法二). Finally, ______________(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that ____________(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ______________(带来的好处). 模板７：说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状，再对比事物本身的利弊，有时也会单从一个角度（利 或弊）出发，最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度（或对事物前景提出预测） １.说明事物现状 ２. 事物本身的优缺点（或一方面） ３.你对现状（或前景）的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ___________( Ａ 的 优 点 之 一 ). Besides _____________（Ａ的优点之二）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that _______________( Ａ 的 第 一 个 缺 点 ) ． To make matters worse,_______________(Ａ的第二个缺点)． Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to _______________(我的看法)．
A Day in My Summer Vacation Last summer I spent a two-week vacation at my aunt‘s. My aunt lived alone in a mountain village. One morning I went fishing in the river, where two women were doing some washing. I found a most favorable point, cast out my line and waited anxiously for a bite. Suddenly there
came a cry: ‖Help! Help!‖ I looked in the direction of the call and saw a boy struggling in the river. Without hesitation I dashed over like an arrow, jumped into the river and swam towards the boy as quickly as I could. Within a few minutes I pushed the boy to the bank of the river. Together with his mother I carried the boy to the nearby hospital. The boy was saved! His mother thanked me time and again. ―This is what I should do as a league member.‖ I answered. Back to my fishing place, I found my fishing pole floating on the water. I managed to get it. What a nice surprise! There was a big fish on the hook.
The Most Unforgettable Teacher
I still remember vividly the day when I first met my English teacher. She was not pretty but impressive, not young but energetic. Moreover, her disposition was very elegant. When she turned to me, smiling and saying, ―Hello, what‘s your name?‖ I began to like her almost at once. She was very different from other English teachers in our school. When I asked her a question of, for example, the difference between two similar prepositions, she would open an English book and say, with her usual smile, ―Let‘s read these sentences together, shall we?‖ Then again and again, she read them in a delicate tone and little by little, I felt there was something really different between those two prepositions. ―Now you see, ―she continued, ―English is a kind of language just like Chinese . We must feel it, not only to recite the rules or to copy the words. You understand?‖ She went on like that. Even our homework on vacation was to read famous Chinese novels. She said that if one could not master his mother language, he could not learn a foreign language well. It seemed that language was a kind of art in her eyes. She spoke English exactly and perfectly and also asked us to follow her. We turned every text into a play and learned from it in acting. Our classroom was always filled with laughter and noise. ―Come on, boys and girls! Louder and more!‖ She often encouraged us like this. She gave us the best gift – confidence. Each time you volunteered to say something, she would be the first one that cheered for you , even you had made a lot of mistakes. She had such a gentle way of correcting your mistakes that you would be glad to accept her advice and even criticism. It was she who led me into the world of English. It was she who helped me feel the beauty of the language. She was not only a teacher of English but also a teacher of life. She let us have something of our own, which made our class the most special one in our school. Every one could choose his own way of life, of study and of love. We often exchanged our ideas with her in our diaries. When we had trouble, she would be the first person we turned to for help. She was more like a friend than a teacher. Therefore, of all the teachers I will never forget my English teacher in my life.
议论文 Harmfulness of Video Games
Nowadays, time and again, students are prohibited from playing video games, but almost in vain. As a matter of fact, many teenagers are still seen indulging in the exciting games, especially during the vacations. However, this problem has caught the national wide attention. As is well known, video games can do great harm to students and society. First, they greatly affect students‘ eyesight and their health. Actually some students can‘t resist the temptation of playing video games, therefore, they cut their lunch and pour all their pocket money on video games. And what is worse, they waste all their free time on the games so as to escape the teachers‘
strict requirements and the parents‘ harsh words. As a result, they fail rapidly in health. Besides, video games take students‘ attention from their classroom and greatly affect their studies. As some students are so indulged in the games, they naturally forget about their homework and even begin to skip school. Third, some violence in the games can lead students astray. Finally the deadly need for money to play the games can drive them to robbery, theft or any other kinds of crimes or tragedies. Therefore, it‘s high time we took effective measures to stop the students from playing video games. On one hand , we should let people in the society become fully aware of the harmfulness of video games. On the other hand, we should enhance the punishments of the illegal owner of the video houses so as to completely prohibit the students from playing video games
On Overseas Study
Some college students dream of going abroad for further study. They believe that there are many up-to-date research facilities, teaching equipment, would famous professors and good learning environment in some foreign universities. Though some learning conditions at home are not as good as those abroad, there are still some advantages of staying in one‘s own country. For example, you don‘t have to worry about the tuition fee or living expenses and there is no language or cultural barrier. As to me, I think both of the above opinions are partially convincing. Everything depends on your own situation. If fate smile upon you and you can afford all the tuition and fees to study abroad, you should seize the opportunity and achieve more. Otherwise, you can be equally successful at home by diligence. To sum up, what counts is not where one studies, but how much he achieves after his studies.
It‘s generally believed that reading is an important part of our life. To begin with, it undoubtedly enriches our life. When we feel lonesome, we can pick up a book and enjoy what we read. By reading, we may feel we lead different kinds of lives, and talk to people of different periods in history. Besides, by reading, we may also feel someone is giving us some good advice on life and work. Therefore, reading is really indispensable to our life. To be good readers, we should take at least three factors into account. First, one should read extensively. No doubt, the more books one reads, the more one is inclined to read. Besides, a good reader should always read some books actively rather than passively, because reading is viewed as a kind of effective intercourse with the writer. Finally, a good reader should always ponder upon what he reads, for reading without reflecting is like eating without digestion. All in all, from reading comes understanding; and from understanding comes more reading. A good reader is one who not only reads actively and extensively, but also reads with full understanding.
Social Activities and Our Study
Social activities benefit us in many ways. First, they can widen our horizons. By taking part in them, we can not only learn what we can‘t from books but learn how to put theories into practice. Second, they provide us with a chance to know about the society and enrich our social
experience. As a result, we may find it not too difficult to adapt ourselves to the society when we graduate. Too many social activities, however, will cause a lot of problems They will cost us much time and energy. If we indulge ourselves in these activities at the expense of our studies, we will never be able to have a good command of knowledge. Therefore, we will fail to be qualified students. My suggestion is that we students spend most of our time and energy studying, and once in a while participate in some social activities. Only in this way can we benefit a lot.
图表作文 Employment Patterns of Graduates
The two pie charts show the proportion of male and female graduates in the employment in two broad categories. One is educational, the other is professional. In the educational field, the biggest difference between the two sexes is in the employment of primary and high schools, where males make up only 7% while females constitute nearly 32%. On the contrary, in colleges and universities, the percentage of male graduates working as teachers is more than twice the percentage of female graduates. The ratio is 12 % to 5 %. In the professional filed, while there is not a great deal of difference between the percentage of women graduates and men graduates working in law offices, hospitals, financial institutes and public section ( the former is 59 % and the latter is 65 %), there are more male graduates holding the managerial positions, reaching 16 %, compared with 4 % of women graduates.
Sales of A College Bookstore
The table shows the sales figures of novels, books of philosophy and science, foreign languages and computer science in a college bookshop for March 20000. Obviously books of foreign languages and computer science are the most popular among different readers. The total number of foreign languages books sold for the month reached 882 ( 482 to college students, 68 to staff, and 332 to the public) And the number of computer science was 828. Of this figure , college students bought 324, staff 216 and the public 288. Except those best sellers, however, different readers also have their own particular taste according to the table. While college students and staff bought 366 philosophy and society, only 12 general readers bought this kind of books. However the latter showed much interest in novels and bought 242, more than the twice bought by college students and staff.
Overseas Student Enrollment
According to the bar chart, students from Korea, Japan, European countries and African countries mainly take the course of Chinese and Traditional Chinese Medicine in the college. Overall, Korea has the largest number of enrolled students (with 12 males and 10 females). Second only to Korean students is Japanese students who constitute 17 (with 7 males and 10 females). It is noticeable that European countries and African countries have similar profiles: they both have 9 enrolled students. Chinese is most popular with overseas students. Except in the case of African students, students from other countries al take the course. The difference is that there are more males taking the course than females (20 and 13 respectively). As shown in the chart for each nationality the
males taking Chinese outnumber the females. As for Traditional Chinese Medicine, it gains more popularity in African students than in students from other countries. The former all take the course while only 32 percent of the latter enroll in it. In fact, no male students from Korea, Japan and European countries take the course.
Sandstorms are getting more and more serious in some regions in the northern parts of Chins, especially in spring. As the dust blacks out the sky, covering cities, the storms bring much inconvenience and trouble to people‘s daily life and work, However, it arouses the concern of the whole nation. Naturally, there are man factors that cause this abnormal climate. To begin with, the extension of the desert in Inner Mongolia should take the main blame for the storms. Besides, the continuous high temperature and little ruin should also be heavily responsible or the high frequency of storms. However, we shouldn‘t only blame nature for the sandstorms, because, to some extent, human beings should bear partial responsibility for this phenomenon. There‘s no denying that it‘s our destruction of vegetation and protective forests that makes the north-wind kick up the loose soil so easily, and thus form the storms. However, as a coin has two sides, the storms well sound the ecological alarm and should be regarded as sand penalty to man. In a work, the haunt of the storms repeatedly warns us that it‘s high time we made laws to protect our ecological environment, restored the vegetation and planted more protective forests and took whatever effective measures to stop the storms and restore our ecological environment.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cell Phones
Nowadays, with the rapid development of IT and information industry, cell phones play a dominant role in townspeople‘s life. But, like everything else, they have both favorable and unfavorable aspects. First, it‘s useful. As a wireless mobile telephone, It‘s easy and handy to carry it wherever one goes and call the callee however far away he is. Therefore, it greatly facilitates people‘s life. Second, it‘s convenient. Whenever one meets trouble or something urgent, one can make a call immediately. Most important of al, it‘s a very helpful companion. With a multifunction cell phone in hand, one can easily get on the Net, browsing the useful information, conducting e-commerce and doing whatever one can do via Internet. However, just as everything has two sides, the sell phone also has many disadvantages. To begin withy, it‘s expensive to buy and costly to pay the bills, especially that of global service. To make matters worse, it‘s also easy to lose and costly to get it repaired. Worst of all, it‘s not as clear as a family telephone and sometimes the number dialed is often not available. Last but not least, it‘s alleged the micro-waves in it might do harm to people‘s health. In my opinion, with its expenses greatly reduced after China‘s entry into the WTO, it will face an ever brighter future in its development. Some day most of them will be developed into new Internet-enabled mobile phones, which will be as useful as pocket computers. And I believe its advantages will not only affect its disadvantages, but also far outweigh them.
The Talent Flight in China
Nowadays, like many other countries in the world, China ia facing a serious problem o talent flight. A great number of elite have gone abroad for better treatment. However, as competition in the next century will heat up globally or ―the best and the brightest‖, it arouses fresh concern of the whole nation. There are many reasons for the widespread of brain drain in China. Some felt ignored at home, especially when intellectuals were thrown down at the bottom of social ladder in the past. And they believe they couldn‘t tap all their potential without going abroad. Others can‘t resist the temptation of better conditions. They have gone abroad either for money or for their career. An still some others have gone abroad for the sake of their children. As a result, hundreds of thousands of the elite have gone abroad, making great contribution to other developed countries. Moreover, a couple of Chinese-American or Chinese French Nobel Prize Winner have failed to win the honor for their motherland. What a pity! However, China needs the talent to embrace the globalization of economy. Moreover, the development of economy and our nation greatly relies on the talent. Therefore, its urgent for the government to work out more favorable policies to stop the talent flight, protect our human resources, and, what‘s more, to attract the talent bock. Only in this way can we stop the talent flight, and only this way can we revitalize our Chinese nation in the 21st century.
Develop Our Creative Mind
Most Chinese students are accustomed to teacher-centered passive education. From primary school, to college, bound to the teacher-centered, exam-oriented education, they are always encouraged to obey teachers Instructions, but discouraged to argue with teachers about what is being taught, let alone to form their own original ideas. However, this passive educational pattern has caused many problems and produced a lot of side effects. First, as students tend to follow the beaten track and dare not challenge what is conventional, they gradually form the passive way of thinking. To make things worse, as they are so dependent on others, most of them lack the ability to solve practical problems. Worst of all, this puts out any sparks of inspiration in their mind and render them to have no creativity at all. Admittedly, it will do great harm in their future. But now, with the arrival of the globalization of economy, it‘s advocated that we should develop students creative mind and cultivate their innovative learning habits. I believe, only those with break-new-ground spirit, creative mind and proper skills will succeed in competing in the global job markets.
Harmfulness of Fake Commodities
Nowadays there are a lot of fake commodities on the market. There are many reasons for this social phenomenon, but in general, they come down to three major ones. For one thing, producers can profit a lot by making fake commodities because the cost of producing fake commodities is much lower. For another, businessmen can also profit a lot by selling fake commodities. Perhaps the rime reason is that our legal system is not sound and the punishment of illegal producers and businessmen is not severe.
Fake commodities cause many harms to society. Generally, the harms can be listed as follows. First, fake commodities damage the consumers‘ interests. Besides, they also harm the credit of businesses because the shops which sell genuine commodities will also be distrusted by consumers. Worst of all, they will bring about potential dangers because using fake commodities of inferior quality will cause accidents and endanger consumers‘ lives. 优秀范文(议论文) The Good and Bad Sides of Setting off Firecrackers 燃放鞭炮的利与弊 Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about our discussion we had on the afternoon of last Wednesday about the good and bad sides of setting off firecrackers during the Spring Festival. 20 boy and 20 girl students attended the discussion. As a result, 40% of them believe that setting off firecrackers certainly adds pleasure and joy to the festival, therefore, it is a wonderful tradition. But another 40% of the students think that setting off firecrackers causes air and noise pollution, and what’ s worse, it sometimes causes terrible accidents to us and to our property. The other 20% have never thought about it or don’t care a bit. Yours truly, Li Hua the good and bad sides of setting off firecrackers 燃放鞭炮的利与弊 as a result 结果 It is a wonderful tradition. 它是一个优良传统。 what’s worse 更糟的是 think about 想起，想到 Disability 残疾 There are too many disabled people in the world. They have no differences from country to country. Some of them were disabled when they were born, the others were injured or hurt in all kinds of accidents, which made them disabled. Almost all of us feel sorry for them. We commiserate with them because they are another kind of people. But some disabled people refuse others’commiseration. They think they can do everything by themselves. They don’t consider themselves as people who have defects. They think they are the same as normal people. In fact, a great number of people with disabilities should be taken care of by others. They get help from the government or some beneficent organizations in society. But that’s not enough. They must look after themselves on their own. When a baby with disabilities is born, it should be taught to learn some particular skills to live. Or else, it would fail in the future. So one with disabilities must have abundant confidence to fit the hard life without others’help. too many disabled people 太多残疾人 commiserate with them 同情他们 consider themselves as 把自己当作??
the same as 和??同样 taken care of 照看，照顾 look after themselves on their own 自己照顾自己 or else 否则 in the future 将来 Encouraging Buying Cars Isn’t Fit For Today 目前不适合鼓励买车 Nowadays, we can often hear the discussion whether buying cars should be encouraged. Some people suggest that we should buy cars. But others claim that driving cars is not a wise idea. As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of the latter opinion. To begin with, there are few parking lots, so the streets are made narrower by the cars parked along the roads. For example, my father could not find any place to park when we went to the supermarket. Moreover, many drivers do not obey regulations, because people do not pay enough attention to the rule of traffic. For instance, I often see people cross the road when the traffic lights are still red. Last but not least, the growth of new roads’construction is usually slower than the increasing number of cars. For example, the length of the road has gone up by 20% in 2002. However, the number of cars increased by 50% in the meantime. From what have been discussed above, we could draw a conclusion that encouraging buying cars is not fit for today. as far as I am concerned 就我看 in favor of 赞成 to begin with 首先 for example =for instance 例如 moreover 并且 last but not least 其次 in the meantime 同时 draw a conclusion 得出结论 Duties Of A Student 学生的责任 Education is the very thing that we want to receive. Our parents send us to school so as to enable us to get knowledge and achieve great things in the future. The following are the duties of a student which we should keep in mind. In the first place, we should be faithful to our parents and respectful to our teacher. In the second place, we have to study as hard as we can. In the third place, we must not tell lies. Last of all, we must not criticize others. To sum up, the above-mentioned rules are the very duties of a student. so as to enable us to get knowledge 为了使我们获得知识 achieve great things in the future 在将来获得成功 keep in mind 牢记 be faithful to our parents and respectful to our teacher 忠实于父母，尊敬老师 the above-mentioned rules 上面所提到的规则
English Language Changing 变化中的英语 The English language is different from any other language．Yet English words do not stay the same. The language is always changing ． We need new words for new inventions and new ideas．Different words come into use, or older words are used in new ways. English can change by borrowing words from other languages. Now new space and science words are being borrowed from other countries, too．Adding two words together also makes new words. Sometimes new words are shorter forms of older words. The names of people and products can become new words． be different from 与??不同 stay the same 保持不变 come into use 投入使用 in new ways 用新的方式 borrow from 向??借 If I Won Five Million Dollars In the Lottery 假如我获得福利彩票五百万元 If I won five million dollars in the lottery, I would help those who lead a miserable life. First of all, I would donate half of the money to some orphanages in the south of Taiwan. For one thing, I live in the south, and I think I had better begin charity at my native land. Another reason is that my loving parents provide me with sufficient food and clothing, so I wish those orphans to eat and dress as well as I. Secondly, I would give one fourth of the money to other charities, such as the institutions for the homeless aged people. It is the most pitiful thing on earth for the elderly to be deserted by their children. Therefore, I hope they can live decently. As to the rest of the money, I would, anytime and anywhere, send to those that are reported to be in distress for money in the TV news program or in the newspapers. Anyway, I would help these people live better by giving them the money won in the lottery. lead a miserable life 过着痛苦的生活 first of all = for one thing 首先 donate half of the money to some orphanages 捐赠一半的钱给孤儿院 provide me with sufficient food and clothing 提供给我充足的食物和衣服 the institutions for the homeless aged people 养老院 Pollution 污染 River pollution, as China Daily reports, exists not only in the Huaihe River but also in many other places of our country. Besides river pollution, there are also air pollution, noise pollution and so on. All kinds of environmental pollution do great harm to human beings. Now more and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. Our government has been trying its best to take measures and call on people to fight against pollution. Though we’ve done lots of work, we still have a long way to go. But we’re sure that we’ll win the battle against pollution in
the end. China Daily 中国日报 do great harm to human beings 对人类有极大的危害 try its best to take measures 尽力采取措施 call on people to fight against pollution 号召人们同污染做斗争 win the battle against pollution 在同污染的斗争中取得胜利 描写本类主题常用语言集锦 1 (一分为二) 有些题目涉及某一事物的正反两个方面。比如“失败是坏事还是好事” ， “少看电视多看书 还是多看电视少看书” 。对此类文章，可以参考如下模式： 第 1 段： Nowadays more and more people...; ...plays an important part in...Like everything else..., has / have both favourable and unfavorable aspects (both advantages and disadvantages). Generally, the favourable aspects (advantages) can be listed as follows. 第2段 First... Secondly... In addition (What’s more)... 第3段 Every coin has two sides. The negative aspects (disadvantages) are also apparent (obvious). To begin with... To make matters worse... Worst of all... 第4段 Through above analysis,/All things considered, we can see that the positive aspects ( advantages )outweigh the negative ones (disadvantages). Therefore... 2．表述观点的文章(两者选一) 有些题目要求在 A 或 B 两者之间作一比较或选择，比如“乘车上学还是骑自行车上学” ， “你愿意生活在城市还是生活在乡村” 。 这两者往往各有优势， 对此类题目可以用以下模式： ． 模式 1 第 1 段： Some people hold the opinion that (A) is superior to (B) in many ways. Others, however, argue that (B) is much better. Personally, I would prefer (A) because I think (A) has more advantages. 第 2 段： There are many reasons why l prefer(A). The main reason is that(赞同 A 的原因之 一). Another reason is that(赞同 A 的原因之二). 第 3 段： Of course, choosing(B)also has advantages to some extent, (列出 1～2 个 B 的优 势). 第 4 段： But if all these factors are considered, (A) is much better than(B). From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that...(总结观点) 3．我认为??(My View—) 表述观点的文章比比皆是， “有人认为考试没有必要，有人认为学生参加考试很有必要，
你对目前考试的看法” ， “你对课外阅读的看法” ， “孩子是否应该做家务”等。对于此类题目 可以采用如下模式： 模式 l 第 1 段： People’ s views／ideas／opinions on...vary from person to person． Some people think that...is necessary. They hold this opinion because(简述正方理由). However, others hold that...is unnecessary. In their opinion,(简述反方理由). 第 2 段： As to me, I am in favour of...The following are the reasons of my viewpoint. 第 3 段： First...Secondly...In addition... 第 4 段： Therefore, (In a word, )... 4.怎样??(How to...) 学会如何解决问题是每个学生应该学会的本领。像“怎样充分利用时间” ， “怎样克服学习 中碰到的困难” ， “怎样保护环境”等题目。此类文章均可以采用下面的模式： 第 1 段： 简述要讨论的某种现象或简述问题的起因。 第 2 段： Many ways can be used to solve(contribute to solving)this serious problem, but the following ones may be effective. 第 3 段： First of a11...Besides...／Another way to solve the problem of...is...Finally... 第 4 段： From my experience, I feel there is no shortcut in doing everything. Maybe these are not the best or only measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take strong actions to／take great pains to...
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