Unit 1 Art
1. Do you know any western art galleries? 2. Have you ever been to any western galleries before? If so, desc
ribe your visit.
The Best of Manhattan’s Art Galleries
How many art galleries are introduced in the passage? What and where are they?
Five The Frick Collection; 5th & Madison Avenues Guggenheim Museum; 5th Avenue & 88th street 5th Avenue & 82nd Metropolitan Museum of Art; Street Museum of Modern Art; 53rd Street Whitney Museum of American Art 945 Madison Avenue
Match the numbers on the map with the museums.
1 2 Guggenheim Museum
Metropolitan Museum of Art 3 4 The Frick Collection
Whitney Museum of American Art
street avenue 5 Museum of Modern Art
1. What’s the main idea of this passage?
The passage introduces some best art galleries of Manhattan.
2. Who do you think the text was written for?
Tourists and art gallery visitors.
Henry Clay Frick
The Frick Collection 弗里克收藏馆
What can you do in this art gallery?
see… pre-twentieth century western paintings explore… Frick’s beautiful house visit… the garden
Fill in the blanks.
Guggenheim Museum owns _____ modern 5, 000 paintings, sculptures and drawings. The changing exhibition in it is always _______. The largest part of the collection is the impressionist ___________ and ______________ section. post-impressionist The best way to see the paintings is to start top from the ____ floor and walk down to the ______. The museum also has an excellent bottom _________. restaurant
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Museum of Modern Art 现代艺术博物馆
Read and answer.
1. In which museum can we find Chinese art? Metropolitan Museum of Art. A Ming garden 2. Where can we find the works of Van Gogh, Picasso or Matisse? Museum of Modern Art.
True or False?
1.Metropolitan Museum of Arthas the greatest Museum of Modern Art _________________________________ collection of art in the United States. F 2. Metropolitan Museum of Art introduces you to ancient ways of living. T 3. The admission price of Museum of Modern Art is not cheap/expensive is often crowded. F very cheap and it ______________ 4. Metropolitan Museum of Art covers more than 5000 years of civilization from many parts of the world including China. T
Whitney Museum of American Art
Read the passage and complete the chart.
name Whitney Museum of American Art address 945 Madison Avenue (near 75th St.) Which centuries? What countries?
Contemporar y(mainly art by living America artists) late 19th century to the 21st century Western countries
Museum of 53th St. Modern Art (between 5th and 6th Avenues)
Metropolitan Museum of Art
5th Avenue & 82nd Street
From ancient all over the to modern world times
Guggenheim Modern Museum 5th Avenue & (from late 88th Street 19th century onwards) The Frick Collection 5th and Madison Avenues pretwentieth century
Choose the correct answer.
1. The passage may probably come from ____. C A. a newspaper B. a magazine C. a tourist guide book D. a text book 2. You must walk all the way instead of taking a lift if you visit _____. D A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. Whitney Museum of American Art C. Museum of Modern Art D. Guggenheim Museum
3. If you want to see Van Gogh’s paintings C you may go to _____. A. The Frick Collection B. Guggenheim Museum C. Museum of Modern Art D. Metropolitan Museum of Art 4. You can expect to see videos in _____. D A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. Museum of Modern Art C. The Frick Collection D. Whitney Museum of American Art
5. If you want to know how people lived 5, 000 A years ago, you should visit ____. A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. Whitney Museum of American Art C. Museum of Modern Art D. Guggenheim Museum 6. Which museum does number 4 in the map stand for? B A. Metropolitan Museum of Art B. The Frick Collection C. Museum of Modern Art D. Whitney Museum of American Art
Enjoy the following pictures and discuss. Which of the five galleries would you choose to visit? Why?
The Frick Collection
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Museum of Modern Art
Matisse French painter
Whitney Museum of American Art
1. Many art lovers would rather visit this small art gallery than any other in New York. “would rather...than....”, 意谓“宁可(愿)…… 意谓“宁可 愿 (而) 不要 愿)……”、“与其 不如……”。 而 不要(愿 、 与其……不如 不如 。 用以表达主语的意愿, 用以表达主语的意愿 强调经过选择后做其中 一件事, 而不愿做另一件事。 一件事 而不愿做另一件事。如: I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema. 我宁可在家看电视而不愿去看电影。 我宁可在家看电视而不愿去看电影。
The children would rather walk there than take a bus. 孩子们宁愿步行去那里而不乘公共汽车。 孩子们宁愿步行去那里而不乘公共汽车。 注意: 后边也应接动词原形, 注意 than 后边也应接动词原形 但如该句型 前后连接的两个动词相同, 前后连接的两个动词相同 则than之后的那个 之后的那个 动词可省去。 动词可省去。如： I’d rather you know that now than afterwards. 我宁可你现在就知道这件事, 而不是以后。 我宁可你现在就知道这件事 而不是以后。
2. Henry Clay Frick, a rich New Yorker, died in 1919, leaving his house, …
动词-ing形式作状语时 可表示时间、原因、结 形式作状语时, 可表示时间、原因、 动词 形式作状语时 条件、让步、行为方式、伴随状况等, 果、条件、让步、行为方式、伴随状况等 通 常情况下句子的主语与该动词之间是逻辑上的 主动关系, 主动关系 表示时间关系的分词短语有时可由 when及while引出。如: 引出。 及 引出
Both of his parents died in the war, leaving him alone.
1)To buy some salt, the careless housewife went downstairs, _____ the fish ____over B the gas. A. left; cooked B. leaving; being cooked C. leaving; cooking D. left; being cooked
2) He is a student at Oxford University, B ____ for a degree in computer science. (07北京 (07北京) 北京) A. studied B. studying C. to have studied D. to be studying
3. Frick had a preference for pre-twentieth century Western paintings, ... 弗雷克偏爱20世纪以前的西方画 弗雷克偏爱 世纪以前的西方画…… 世纪以前的西方画 preference n. ① 喜爱 偏爱 喜爱; A window seat is my preference. 我喜欢靠窗的座位。 我喜欢靠窗的座位。 We dress simply by preference. 我们仅凭个人偏好选择穿着。 我们仅凭个人偏好选择穿着。
②偏爱的事物(或人 [C] 偏爱的事物 或人) 或人 Which is your preference, tea or coffee? 你喜欢喝哪一样, 茶还是咖啡? 你喜欢喝哪一样 茶还是咖啡 偏袒[U]+for ③偏袒 Parents should not show preference for any one of their children. 父母不应流露出对任何一个孩子的偏心。 父母不应流露出对任何一个孩子的偏心。 优先(权 优惠权[U]&[C] ④优先 权); 优惠权 We give preference to applicants with some experience. 我们优先录用有经验的申请人。 我们优先录用有经验的申请人。
have a preference for 偏爱…… 偏爱 have a preference of sth. to/over another 宁要某物而不要另一个 in preference to 优先于…… 优先于 prefer v. 宁可 宁愿 更喜欢 宁可; 宁愿; prefer to do sth. 更喜欢做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 prefer to do sth.rather than do sth. 宁愿……而不愿 而不愿…… 宁愿 而不愿 prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 相比更喜欢…… 与……相比更喜欢 相比更喜欢
____ a preference for ①I have ___ __________ _____ Chinese food. 我更喜欢中餐。 我更喜欢中餐。 ②Teachers should not ____ ___________ for show preference any particular student. 教师不应该表现出对某一个学生的偏爱。 教师不应该表现出对某一个学生的偏爱。
4. appeal to (1) 向...呼吁 恳求 呼吁, 呼吁 They never appealed to us for mercy. 他们从不向我们乞求怜悯。 他们从不向我们乞求怜悯。 (2) 诉诸 求助于 诉诸; You should not appeal to force. 你们不应该诉诸武力。 你们不应该诉诸武力。 He appealed to his friends for support. 他请求朋友支持。 他请求朋友支持。 3) 使吸引 受……欢迎 无被动形式 使吸引, 欢迎(无被动形式 欢迎 无被动形式) The idea appealed to Mary. 这主意正合玛丽的心意。 这主意正合玛丽的心意。
用法归纳 appeal to sb./sth. against sth. 针对某事向某人某事申诉 appeal to sb. 吸引某人 使某人感兴趣 吸引某人; appeal to sb. for sth. 向某人恳求得到某物 即时活用 (1)Since they won’t listen to the advice, we A have to ________ force. A. appeal to B. stick to C. keep to D. yield to (2)As an adult, he never appeals ________ B his parents ______ financial help. A. on; for B. to; for C. 不填 for D. to; of 不填;
A (3)Many newspapers ________ the crowd. A. are appealed to C. appeal to 联想拓展 appealing adj. 吸引人的 令人感兴趣的 吸引人的, 令人感兴趣的; 恳求的; 恳求的 希望同情的 B. appeal on D. appeal
5. The best way to see the paintings is to start from the top floor and walk down to the bottom. 不定式作表语常表示将来的动作, 不定式作表语常表示将来的动作 主语常 常是表示意向、打算、计划的词, 如wish, 常是表示意向、打算、计划的词 idea, task, purpose, duty, job等。如: 等 The most important thing for one's health is to have plenty of exercise.
The purpose of the organization is to greet all new comers to the city and to provide them with any necessary information. What I wanted was to get the work done as quickly as possible.
6. It is amazing that so many great works of art from the late-19th century to the 21st century could be contained in the same museum． ． 句型结构: 句型结构: It is + adj. + that clause. 真正的主语是后面的that从句。 从句。 真正的主语是后面的 从句 It is possible that it will rain tomorrow. It was clear that they hadn’t made a decision.
知识拓展: 知识拓展 It is + noun +从句 从句 It’s a pity/shame that… (should)… ……竟然 竟然…… 竟然 It’s important that you should apologize to her for your rudeness. =It’s of much importance that you should apologize to her for your rudeness.
Listening and speaking 1 Gao Yan, John and Susan are on holiday in New York. Listen to the three friends discussing the art galleries they would like to visit and answer these questions. 1. Who first suggested they visit art galleries? John 2. Who does not like large museums? Susan
3. Why is Gao Yang interested in visiting the Metropolitan Museum? He wants to see art from all over the world, including some from China. 4. What is their plan for the first day? Visit the Frick Collection in the morning and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the afternoon.
5. What do they do to make Susan happy? They suggest that Susan go back in the afternoon from the Metropolitan Museum of Art to the hotel if she has had enough. John and Gao Yan stay at the museum till it close.
6. Why doesn’t Susan want to go to the Museum of Modern Art? She thinks a monkey could paint better pictures than modern artists. 7. Which two galleries do they decide to visit on Saturday? The Whitney first and the then Guggenheim.
2 Listen again to Part 2 of the tape and in pairs discuss the characters of Gao Yan, John and Susan. What are their attitudes to modern art?
Gao Yan: 1. helpful: he makes suggestions. 2. reasonable: he tries to accommodate Susan’s not wanting to stay too long at the museums. 3. organized: he sorts out the programme for the next day.
John: 1. Interested in art: suggests that they go to a museum 2. Reasonable: prepared to accommodate Susan’s wishes 3. Independent thinker: argues with Susan over her idea about modern art 4. Accommodating: fits in with the plans of others
Susan: 1. Not accommodating: only fits in with the others unwillingly 2. Complaining: grumbles a lot about something that is unimportant 3. Irritating: even though the others make concessions to her she is not happy
Listening text (G=Gao Yan S=Susan J=John) Part 1 G: We’ve got two days. What would you like to do tomorrow? J: I’d like to visit some art galleries. S: But John, the guide book says that there are more than sixty galleries in Manhattan!
J: Well, let’s choose the ones that appeal to us. G: I want to visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It has art from all over the world- even some from China.
J: Well, that sounds great, but it’s a rather large gallery. What do you suggest, Susan? Would you rather go to a smaller gallery to begin with? S: Yes, please John. I don’t like large museums. I’d go to the Frick Collection. That’s quite small and we could go the Metropolitan Museum after that.
G: Well, how about this? Tomorrow we go to the Frick in the morning and the Metropolitan in the afternoon. The Metropolitan stays open until 8:45 pm on Fridays. So if you’ve had enough by dinner time, Susan, you can go back to the hotel. John and I can stay at the museum till it closes.
J: Sounds good to me. S: It’s certainly a better arrangement. Part 2 G: Perhaps we could go to the Museum of Modern Art on Saturday. S: Oh no. It’s too big and crowded. And it’s expensive. J: Susan, would you rather do something else on our second day?
S: No, no. I’d like to see some art but not too much and not too modern. G: What’s the problem? S: I’m not fond of modern art. A monkey could paint better pictures than some of those paintings. If it was up to me, I’d get rid of all of them.
J: Really? I don’t understand why you dislike modern art so much. But you know that modern art began with the Impressionist, right? S: I don’t know anything about the impressionists.
G: It’s just she doesn’t know enough about it, John. Let’s go to the Guggenheim. They’ve wonderful Impressionist paintings there. J: I agree, but we shouldn’t miss the Whitney Museum of American Art. Would you mind, Susan, if we went there too?
S: Not if we don’t stay too long. J: Do you think we’ve time to go to the Whitney first and then the Guggenheim? They’re quite close together. G: Let’s try. Is that OK with you, Susan? SUSAN: Yes, I suppose so! (grudgingly).
You have only one day to visit art galleries in New York. In a small group read the guide book again and decide together which galleries you prefer and why. Use expressions about preference like the following ones in the box. I’d prefer… I’d rather… I’d like… I want to… Would you rather…? Would you like …or …? Which would you prefer…? If it was up to me, I’d choose… We shouldn’t miss… That’s my first choice. I’m not fond of… I don’t like… What ‘s your preference?
Writing 1 If you were asked to start a new art gallery for your district, what kind of art would you put in it and why? Think about: (1) what kind of art works people in your district produce and would like to display
(2) what kind of art works they might like to learn about . (3) whether you would prefer to have local art in your gallery, art from all over China or art from all over the world. (4) whether you would prefer to have only modern art, only traditional art or both.
2 Write a letter to the art gallery committee giving your suggestions and reasons for starting this new art gallary. Use the framework of the letter above to help you.
Sample writing Dear Committee members, I wish to make a suggestion about the kind of art we can put into our new gallery. Our district is well-known for paper-cutting and the people are very skilled at it. At the moment, these people don’t have anywhere to display the variety and skill of their craftsmanship.
If the skill is lost there may be no record of it. The gallery would provide them with an opportunity to preserve this skill. If you were to allow them to display their expertise here I believe we could make our district famous and encourage more tourists to come here. I hope you will consider my suggestion favourably. Your faithfully, Liu Xiao Ye
1. Retell the text. 2. Master the language points in the text.
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