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高考英语知识串讲


2012 高考英语知识串讲
第1讲
一、Language Points 1. share v. 分享、合用:share sth with sb n. 一份,股份 spare a. 业余的,备用的:spare time, a spare tire v. 抽出,匀给:spare me five minutes/ spare one of sandwiches for the boy spare no efforts:不遗余力 spare no expense:不惜工本 2. He felt lucky to have survived the war. 3. with sb about/over sth:和某人就某事争论 argue for/against sth:赞成/反对… Sb into/out of (doing) sth:说服某人做/不做 某事 4. have/make/let/see/watch/listen to +宾+宾补(do/doing/done) get sb to do sth have+宾+宾补(to do/to be done) 5. So+同一主语+助动词 So/neither/nor+助动词+另一主语 So it is/was with+另一主语 should/ought to/need/could/might/would+do/have 6. done 8. The first time+从句 For the first time:作时间状语 It’s the first time+that-clause(完成时) the first+名词+to do 10. be equal to sth:与…相等 be equal to (doing) sth:胜任(做)某事 equal sth:与…相等 equal sb in sth:在…方面与某人匹敌 11. compare…to/with… compared to/with… 12. a great many several/two dozen/hundred +n.(pl.) (many) dozens of a great many of +the/these/those+n.(pl.) seveal/two dozen of +pron. 13. much too+adj/adv(原级) too much+n.(u.) too many+n.(pl.) 14. 没有被动态 come about(主要用于疑问句、否定句) happen(表示偶然、碰巧之意) sth+ take place(多表示有组织、有计划) break out(指战争、灾害、疾病等的爆发) occur(与 happen 通用) It occurs to sb that/to do…:某人突然想起… 15. n./pron./adj./adv./prep-phrase to do:表将来

With+宾+宾补

doing:表正在进行 Done:表过去 第2讲

一、Language points 1.

sb./sth.+adj/n sb./sth.+to do consider(以为,认为)+ sb./sth.+as that-clause n. consider(考虑)+ doing 疑问词+to do sth “把…当作…”的译法:consider…as =think of/look on/take/regard/treat/have…as 2. to do A way+ of doing (that/in which)+定语从句 A method of doing sth by this means You can solve the problem+ with this method in this way by means of:通过…方式,以…手段 by this/that means:通过这种/那种方式 by all means:务必,一定; (用于回答)当然行,请 by no means:决不,一点也不(用于句首时用倒装) 3. protect…(from) doing sth prevent/stop…(from) doing sth keep…from doing keep…doing 4. as well as well as might/may as well=had better 5. to do specially+ for-phrase especially 6. along the river:沿着河流 over the river:在河的正上方 through the forest:穿过森林 by the river:在河边 on the bank:在河岸上 7. follow the instructions follow one’s advice as follows 8. be responsible to sb for sth 9. n. doing/to do sth sb to do sth prefer+ sth to sth doing A to doing B to do A rather than do sth that sb (should) do sth

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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10. n.+after +n.=one +n. +after another 一个接一个(强调动作的重复) n. +by +n.: 一个接一个(强调动作的变化) tree after tree/day by day 11. say “hi” to sb. Please remember me to sb. 向“某人”问好 Send my regards to sb. Send the best wishes to sb. 12. 主+be +adj. +to do: 不定式一般用主动式,与主语存 在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以当不定式的动词是不及物动 词时,则应在其后加上适当的介词。 主+be +adj. +to do= It be +adj.+ (for/of sb) +to do sth eg. This question is difficult to answer. =It’s difficult to answer the question. The man is hard to work with.=It’s hard to work with the man. 当不定式用作定语时,与其所修饰的词之间存在逻辑上 的动宾关系,且主语为该动作的执行者时,也常常用主 动形式。 Eg. He wants water to drink. She has a room to live in. I will go to Beijing tomorrow. Do you have anything to be taken there? 第3讲 一、Language points 1. owe sb sth=owe sth to sb:欠某人某物 owe sth to sb/sth: 将…归功于… owing to…: 由于… =thanks to/because of/due to… 2. think highly/poorly/little/a lot +of sb/sth speak highly/well/badly +of sb/sth sing high praise for sb/sth 3. apologize to sb for (doing) sth make an apology to sb for (doing) sth excuse sb for (doing) sth forgive sb for (doing) sth pardon sb for (doing) sth 4. make an impression on sb have an impression of sth impress sth on/upon one’s mind 5. serve in the army on the office serve the people/the dish serve sb with sth=serve sth to sb serve as the chairman 6. make jokes about: 取笑, 拿…开玩笑 =make a joke about laugh at: 嘲笑 have a joke with sb: 开某人的玩笑 play a joke on sb=play tricks on sb: 戏弄 in joke: 闹着玩,开玩笑

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to do for sth For sb to do sth That-clause(一般过去时) 8. the one/ones:替代同类事物中特指一个或一些 one: 替代上文提到的同类名词中的一个,表泛指 it: 指上文提到的同一个事物 that: 替代上文出现的带定冠词的名词或不可数名词 9. none: 用来回答 how many/how much 引导的问句, 常 与 of 连用 no one: 只能指人,用来回答 who 引导的问句 neither: 两者都不,表单数 nothing: 用于指物,用来回答 what 引导的问句 11. live: 活着, 有生命的(作定语, 主要用来指鸟或其他 动物),实况直播的 lively: 活泼的,有生气的,生动的 alive: 活着的,还有气儿的,是表语形容词,在句 中作表语或后置定语 living: 活着,健在的,现行的 12. receive: 收到,接到(客观动作);accept: 接受,领 受(主观意愿) 接受教育、惩罚、支持,遭受不幸,接待客人:只 用 receive 接受某条件、建议:只用 accept 13. turn+adj: 常表示从某种状态向其他状态变化的自 然现象 The weather has turned much colder. go+adj: 常表示由好变坏的情况:The milk went wrong/bad. become+adj: 强调施动者的作用或变化的结果 Please don’t get angry. come+adj: 一般表示向好的方面变化。 My dream has come true. 14. 含有插入语的疑问句: What do you think has happened to him? How do you suppose the film will end? Why do you believe he is unfit for the office? 15. 主从复合句的反意疑问句:疑问部分根据主句确定, 但是主句的主语是 I/we, 谓语是 think /suppose /believe /hope /imagine /expect /guess /know /feel /be sure /be told 时,疑问部分根据从句确定,否定转移时,疑问部分用 肯定语气。 She think it is a good idea, doesn’t she? I think it is a good idea, isn’t it? I don’t think it is a good idea, is it? 第4讲 一、Language points 1. sth sth for sth prepare+ for sth to do sth It’s time+

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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be prepared for be prepared to do sth make preparations for 3. affect vt. 影响 effect n. 效果,作用 have a good/bad effect on in effect 事实上 cause and effect 因果 take effect 生效,起作用 come into effect 生效,实行 effort n. 努力 without effort 毫不费力 make every effort 尽一切努力 spare no effort 不遗余力 2. weigh vt. 称…的重量 vi. 重达…, 重量为… put on weight lose weight by weight in meters/pounds/calories by the day/the week/the yard/the dozen/the ton 3. in…参加…比赛 compete+ with/against…与…竞赛/竞争 for…角逐…,为获取…而竞赛 4. Where there is a river, there is a city. Where there is a will, there is a way. Where there is life, there is hope. 5. do sth not do sth do sth than do sth would rather+ =would do sth rather than do sth =prefer to do sth rather than do sth that-clause+ did──表现在或将来 had done──表过去 6. do damage to sth live one’s dream in ruins/in pieces under attack/discussion/construction/consideration/treatment 7. almost: 差距比 nearly 小。可与 never, no, no one, none, nobody, nothing, nowhere 等否定词连用,但不 能与 not 连用。 nearly: 不可与上述否定词连用,但可与 not 连用, 构成 Not…nearly, 意为“远非…,远不及…” 第5讲 一、Language points 2. of/about sth 提醒 remind sb to do sth that-clause 使人回忆起… 3. add…to…:把…加上(在)…

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add to=increase:增添,增进 add up (to):加(起来是),总计达… success n.(U)成功,(C)成功者/事 succeed v. successful a. successfully ad. be successful in (doing) sth succeed in doing sth 成功做某事 have success in doing sth Sb/sth is a success. be/stay/keep+in touch with 表状态 be out of touch with get in touch with 表动作 lose touch with in case of+短语 in case+从句 in no case 决不 in any case 无论如何 in that case 如果那样 expensive/cheap valuable/valueless priceless=very expensive:无价的 respond (vi)+ to…:对…回应 with/by:以…(方式)回答,响应 resonse (n.) be harmful to sb/sth do sb/sth harm do harm to sb/sth do sb/sth good do good to sb/sth die out:(家族、物种等)死光,灭绝; (习俗、做法、观念)消失,过时;(火)熄灭 die away:(风、声音、光线等)逐渐停止(消失) die down:(指炉火等)渐熄;(指骚动等)渐平息;(指 闹声)消失 die off:先后死去了;…死去 die of:死于内因(如疾病、年老、饥饿、情感等) die from:死于外因(如损伤、事故、天灾等) as a/the result of:由于… as a result:结果,因此 result from:因…而引起 result in=cause:导致,致使… take measures to do sth:采取措施 make clothes to one’s own measure:量体裁衣 late:晚,迟,不久前 lately=recently:近来 last:最后,最后的 latest:最近的,最新的 later:后来;结构为:一段时间+later:过了…之后 adapt to sth/sb:适应某物/某人 adapt sth/sb to sth/sb:使某物/某人适应某物/某人 adapt oneself to:使自己适应某事 adapt from:根据…改写/改编

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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adapt:指修改或改变以适应新条件 You should adapt yourself t the new environment. adjust:是指“调整、调节”使之适应 You can’t see through the telescope until it is adjusted to your eyes fit:多指“大小适合”,引申为“吻合” The shoes fitted me well. suit:多指“合乎要求、口味、性格、情况”等 No dish suits all taste. match:指“大小、色调、形状、性质等”相配或相称 A red jacket doesn’t match green trousers. adopt sb:收养 sth:采用 15. devote oneself/time/life to look forward to doing sth be/get used to stick to/get down to/object to 16. free of charge for free be free from set sb/sth free 17. by force:靠武力,强行 be in force:生效 come/go into force:生效 force one’s way:强行前进或进入 18. It’s one’s turn to do sth:轮到某人干某事 take one’s turn:依次,轮到某人 in turn:依次,轮流,反过来,转而 by turns:轮流,交替 take turns (at) doing sth/to do sth:轮流干某事 第6讲 一、Language points 1. keep a record of keep records of break/beat the record for/in+比赛项目 hold/keep the record of set (up) the world record for/in+比赛项目 set up a new world record make a record/make records play/put on a record 2. sb/sth=be satisfied with sb/sth satisfy one’s desires/hunger/thirst the conditions to one’s satisfaction adj.: satisfying, satisfied, satisfactory 3. treat a disease sb treat sb/oneself (to sth) This is my treat. Dutch treat

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explain/whisper sth to sb =explain/whisper to sb sth in a whisper=in whispers character: 性格,人物,汉字 characteristic: 特征,特点 trouble sb to do be troubled with ask/look for trouble get into trouble be in trouble get out of trouble have trouble (in) doing sth have trouble with sth make trouble:闹事 take (the) trouble to do:尽力/设法做… put sb to the trouble of doing:麻烦某人做… turn on turn off turn in give/hand out turn up turn down turn around/round turn away turn over turn back turn out (to be) turn to sb/sth only if…: 只有,只要… had done──过去 if only: 要是…该多好+ did/were──现在 would/should do did/were

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supply sth to sb=supply sb with sth provide sth for sb=provide sb with sth offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 9. have a habit of doing form/develop the habit of be in the habit of 10. face the music: 临危不惧 play music=perform music 11. more than: 不仅仅,超过 more than one+n.(单)+V(单):不止一个 More than one student likes this film. more than+n/adj: 远非,不仅仅是… Bamboo is used for more than building. no more than: 只有,仅仅 not more than=at (the) most: 最多…,不超过… more…than…:与其说…不如说… The man is more brave than wise. 14. the next time 时间名词短语用作从属连词, 引导时间 状语从句,此外,the first time, every time, each time, the moment, the minute, the second。

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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第8讲 一、Language points 1. recognize sb as:认出某人是… be recognized as:某人被认作… recognize sb to do sth:承认某人做某事 recognize that-clause recognition (n.) 2. dress:既表动作,也表状态+ dress sb be dressed in have on:表状态,不用于进行时 wear:表状态+(衣服、鞋帽、领带、首饰、眼镜) 表示某一时间的穿戴,常用进行时 put on:表动作 3. prove sth sth to sb sth to be as (to be)that-clause 4. beyond control:无法控制 in control:控制着 under control:控制中 out of control=lose control of:失控 5. tear sth to/into pieces sth in half/into halves sth open sth down at sth:撕扯着…(表过程) sth:撕碎/撕破(表结果) up:毁掉 off:脱去、跑掉 away from…:从…夺走 6. attend school/church attend the meeting/lecture join party/league/club/sb join in the party/activity 7. call on sb=drop in on sb call at a place=drop in at a place visit +sb/a place pay a visit to a place 8. be (well) worth + n./doing sth be worthy + of+n. of+being done to be done 9. pay for sth pay sb for sth pay sb money for sth=pay money to sb for sth pay off:全部还清 pay back:偿还,归还;报复 10. make/carry out/perform/do experiment by experiment experiment on/upon…:对…进行实验

第9讲 一、Language points 2. be of +抽象名词=be + adj. be of (great) + use/help/value/importance =be (very) + useful/helpful/valuable/important 3. journey:适用范围广,可指陆海空的旅行,常指距离 较远的旅行。 trip:指短时间,短距离的旅行。 travel:泛指旅游,前面一般不用冠词。 travels:多指旅行经历 journey 和 trip 强调往返性,travel 不侧重往返性,可 以是章程旅行。 Voyage:海上旅行或航海。 4. hope:指与过去、现在或将来有关的希望,不能接名 词,双宾语或复合宾语。 wish:指美好的祝愿,或表达的是过去,现在或将来 发生的令人遗憾的事,接从句时使用虚拟语气。 hope for:希望、期待、对(某物)有信心 We hope you’ll be very happy. I wish I had gone to that party. We haven’t heard from him for a long time, but we are still hoping for a letter. 5. n.诺言,有指望,有前途,可能性 There is a promise of better weather tomorrow. keep a promise→break a promise promise carry out a promise:履行诺言 fulfill a promise:实现诺言 v.许诺,答应,有…迹象,使…很有可能 I can’t promise, but I’ll do my best. The clouds promise rain. promising adj. 有前途的,有希望的 6. put up:搭起,建筑 set up:建立,成立 build:建造 build up:建立 found:创立,创办 7. around/round the corner:在拐角处,即将到来 in the corner:在角落里 on the corner:在拐角上 at the corner:在拐角处(比 on 的范围大) 9. population: 对此进行提问时, 要使用 what, 人口的“多, 少 ” 使 用 large, small ; 表 示 “ 有 多 少 人 ” 时 用 “has a population of…”。 population:用作主语时,谓语动词的单复数由其后面 的表语来决定。 ----What’s the population of China? ----China has a population of 1.3 billion. The population of New Zealand is small. The population of developing countries are mostly peasants.

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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10. come to terms with:达成协议,妥协 take possessions of:获得,占有 in/with relation to:与…有关联,关于 in memory of sb:为了纪念某人 match…with…:把…和…搭配起来 第 10 讲 一、Language points 1. in other words=in another word:换句话说 in a word=in one word:总而言之 have a word with=have a few words with 和--说几句话 have words with:与…争论 2. can never…too… can not…too… 无论怎样…也不过分,越…越好 3. as+adj/adv(原级)+as possible=as…as one can: 尽可能… 4. appreciate +n/doing appreciate +it+ that-clause(真宾) 5. to do/doing intend+ sb to do that-clause(虚拟语气) intend… + as…: 打算(使)…成为… be intended for…:(为…而)准备 6. marry sb to sb be/get married to sb marry sb be/get married to sb with sth 7. 部分否定句:all, both, every, everyone, everything 等 总概括词与否定词 not 连用时, 表示部分否定, 意思 是“并非…都…”。 8. make up:化妆,编造, 组成(部分组成整体), 占…(比 例) be made up of:一个整体是由几个部分组成 =be composed of =consist of make up for:弥补 9. in(out of) condition/in good(bad) condition:情况良好 (糟糕) On/upon condition that(引导条件状从): 如果…, 在… 条件下 10. vi.: 受苦,受害,受损失 He suffered a lot during the war. suffer Your reputation will suffer. vt.:遭受,容忍,耐住 He is suffering the loss of his wife. These plants cannot suffer a cold winter. suffer from: 患…病,受…之苦 Last week I suffered from a bad cold. His hometown suffered from heavy floods in 1998. 第 11 讲 一、Language points 2. match +n. +to/with +n.:使…(和…)调和,相配 match +n. +against/with +n.:使(和…)交手

3. be sure of/about +n./pron.:对…有把握,确信… that-clause:确信 wh-clause:能确定…,知道… sb be sure to do:一定会…的,必定… sb be certain to do It is certain that-clause that-clause make sure+ of sth/doing sth:确信,对…有把握 to do sth:一定要做… 6. engage sb to sb:使某人与某人订婚 get engaged to sb:与某人订婚(动作) be engaged to sb:与某人订婚(状态) be engaged in (doing) sth:忙于/从事某事 7. It is no good/use +doing sth There is/seems no point in doing sth There is no need to do sth 8. use up=run out of 用完 give out=run out 耗尽 9. rather than:而不是 other than=except or rather:更确切地说 10. get through:做完,看完;通过;接通;度过;用完 go through:经历(痛苦、困难),翻阅,参观,查看 look through:浏览 see through:看穿,看透 break through:突围 put through:把电话接通,使成交,完成 pull through:(使)恢复健康,(使)度过难关 11. be present at…:出席 present adj.后置定 All the people present are students. present sth to sb 向某人颁发…,把…赠送给… present sb with sth for the present:暂时 up to the present:直到现在 at present:目前 present n.:礼物 12. be known as/for/to/in under debate would like to do feel like doing 13. adapt to:适合 to relate to:与…有关 为 get down to:开始做,着手 介 stick to:坚持 词 pay attention to:注意 look forward to:期望 addict oneself to:使自己沉溺于… be addicted to:沉溺于… devote…to…:致力于 第 12 讲 一、Language points

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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作者: 侯志勇

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be convenient to do be convenient to sb 2. to one’s taste:合某人的口味 show good taste in:对…有鉴赏力 have a/an…taste:有…的味道 taste good:吃起来很好 have a taste for/in:喜好… 4. contribute…to…: 向…捐献(投稿) contribute to…:促成,有助于 make a contribution to/towards:向…捐献 5. as follows:如下 follow the example of:以…为榜样 6. remind sb of sth=remind sb about sth remind sb that-clause remind sb to do sth 7. A is to B what C is to D stand out start with set aside:把…置于一旁,留出,拔出 be gone/missing/lost/left 8. impress…on…: 把…印在…上 impress sb (with sth):使某人牢记(某事) impress sth on sb:使某人铭记某事 be impressed by/at/with:被…所感动 be impressed on one’s mind/memory:被印在脑海里 9. recommand+ sb/sth to sb:向某人推荐某人或某物 sb for sth:推荐某人做(某工作) sth for…:推荐某物作(某用途) sb as…:推荐某人为… doing sth: sb to do sth 建议做某事 that-clause (should) 10. remain +adj./n./doing/to do/介词短语:仍然是,保持 某种状态 It remains to be seen…:…还要看情况发展 remaining: 现在分词作前置定语: remaining three the dollars =the three dollars left stay +adj.:继续处于某种状态 keep + adj. 继续处于某种状态 n. +adj/doing 11. lead to…:导致 lead…to…:把…带向… 第 13 讲 一、Language points 1. lack+ wisdom/money v. be lacking in+courage lack for nothing for lack of:因缺乏… have no lack of:不缺乏… a/the lack of:…的缺乏 2. persuade sb to do=persuade sb into doing sth

persuade sb not to do=persuade sb out of doing sb to do=urge sb into doing:强烈要求某人干 sth urge sth on sb:对某人强调某事 that-clause+(should) do:强烈要求… 3. on the contrary be contrary to… on the other hand

5. be content with:对…感到满足 =be satisfied/pleased with be content to do…:满足于做… content (n.):内容,目录 6. at (the) sight of:一看见 at first sight:乍一见 catch/get/have (a) sight of:看见,发现 lose sight of:看不见 out of sight:在视线之外 in/within sight:在视线内 7. live through:活过,经历…而未死 live with:与…同住,接受并忍受某事 live on:以…为生 live by+doing:以…为生 8. knock about:到处漫游,(风浪)冲击(船只) knock into sb:撞上(某人) knock down:撞倒 knock over:撞翻 knock…off…:把…从…上撞下来 8. what’s up? =wha’s the matter? =what’s wrong? =what’s happening? 10. witness n.:目击者,证人,证据 vt.:目击,证明,为…作证 tip n.:小费,尖,尖端 vt.:使倾斜,倾倒,给…小费 11. at hand:在近处,在手边,即将到来 near/close at hand:近在手边 on hand:手头上 in hand:在手中,在掌握中 by hand:用手工 at second hand:间接地,二手地 hand in hand:手拉手,关系密切地 12. in harmony with:与…协调/和谐 leave out:省去,遗漏 leave…alone:不理会… be worn out:筋疲力尽 第 14 讲 一、Language points 1. reach+地点/数字 达到 get 是普通用语 获得 achieve+目标/希望/成功 win 赢得+比赛/荣誉 gain 获得(某种利益)+金钱/经验 2. put in:打断,插嘴,插入 put away:放好,收起来,留存

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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put on:穿,上演 put off:推迟,延期 put out:生产,扑灭 put up:举起,张贴 put aside:搁置一旁,储存 put down:写下,记下 put back:放回,送回 put forward:提出主意、计划 3. hesitate in (doing) sth:在…方面犹豫,不灵敏 hesitate about doing sth:关于…犹豫不决 hesitate what to do:犹豫着不知做什么 hesitate to do sth:不愿(欲)做某事 5. set about+doing set out to do sth set out=set off 6. benefit sb/sth:使…受益 sb benefit from/by:从…中获益 8. It is likely that-clause It is possible/probable that-clause sb/sth be likely to do It is possible for sb to do sth sth is probable 9. rob warn cure +sb of sth cheat inform 10. throw light upon/on:阐明… be absorbed in:全神贯注于…,热衷于… be available for sth/to do sth:对…有效的/可利用的 be sensitive to sth:对…敏感 rang from…to…:范围从…到… 第 15 讲 一、Language points 1. complain to sb about/of sth take a complaint to sb about/of sth 2. apologize to sb for (doing) sth make an apology to sb=say sorry to sb 3. on doing sth insist+ 坚持…,坚决要求+that+(should) do 认为,坚持说+that+陈述语气 4. It is no harm/good/use+doing It is useless+doing It is a waste(of time/money)+doing It is worthwhile+doing There is no good/use+in+doing There is no use to do sth/for sth There is no need to do sth There is no doubt about/that-clause There is no sense+in+doing There is no point+in+doing

5. be/get used to+doing=beome used to+doing:习惯于… used to do sth:过去习惯于… be used to do sth:被用来做… 6. for sale:待售 on sale:上市,减价 7. How are you getting on/along with…?:询问与人相处的 情况如或某人工作或学 习的进展情况如何。 What does…look like?:询问某人(物)外表看起来如何, 侧重人或事物的外表。 What is…like?:询问人或物内在的品质、个性或外表, 以及用来询问天气。 What does sb like?:询问某人喜欢什么? How do you like…?=What do you think of…?:某人认 为…怎么样 What are you?:询问某人职业? 8. exchange sth for sth exchange sth with sb in exchange for:作为交换(和…交换) 9. view:眼界,视野,另外还可表示“观点,风景”等。 image:指想像或心中的“影像,意象”,还可指肖像、 形象。 sight:视野,强调视域本身,是不可数名词。 outlook:景色,指由里面向外看到的景色。 10. in respect of:涉及,关于 respectful:尊敬的,有礼貌的 respectable:体面的,有身份的 respect (n./v.):尊敬 第 16 讲 一、Language points 1. have mercy on:对…表示怜悯 at the mercy of:任由…摆布或控制 beg…for mercy:乞求…的怜悯 show (little/much) mercy to sb:对…(毫不/非常)仁慈 without mercy:无怜悯之心 2. keep sb company accompany sb to a place in the company of sb accompany sb (at/on sth):给某人伴奏 3. (c)=wealth:(大量)财产 fortune (u)=luck:机会,运气 (c)=fate:个人的前途,命运 fortunate=lucky fortunately=luckily 4. a spare room:一个备用房间 in one’s spare time:在某人空闲时间里 spare me five minutes:为我抽出 5 分钟 spare no efforts:不遗余力 spare no expense:不惜成本 spare time:花费时间 kill time:消磨时间

2011 高考英语知识串讲

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waste time:浪费时间 5. in terms of:就…而言,从…角度,根据 in the long term:长远看来 in the short term=at the moment:在目前 in sb’s terms:在…看来 in relative terms:相对而言 in general/practical/financial:从总体/实际/财政角度 6. go about (doing) sth:着手,从事某事 as far as I know:据我所知 go/get down on one’s knees:跪下 tend to do:倾向于干什么 tend to sth:倾向于什么 therefore (adv.)=as a result of that so (conj.) 7. in the eyes of sb=in sb’s eyes=in one’s opinion: 在某人看 来 keep an eye on sb:留神,看管 look sb in the eye:目不转睛地看某人 keep one’s eyes open:留心看,密切注意 8. sb sth:给某人端上… sb with sth=sth to sb:拿出…来款待某人 serve to do sth:起…作用 as…:担任,充当… sb/sth:为…服务,端(饭、菜) First come, first served.:先到先招待 Make the past serve the present.:古为今用 Let those who can serve as teachers.:能者为师 第 17 讲 一、Language points 1. concern (vt.):涉及,使关心 concern(n.):关心,担心,关联 concerning(prep.)=as concerns:关于… be concerned with:与…有关 have no concern with:同…无关 show concern for sb:关心某人 as/so far as…be concerned:就…而言 2. rise(vi.) raise(vt.) arise(vi.)-arose-arisen:出现,发生 arouse(vt.)-aroused-aroused:唤醒,唤起 3. feed(v.) (fed, fed):喂养 feed sb (sth):喂食 feed sb with/on sth:用…喂养 feed sth to sb:喂…给…吃 (animals) feed on…:(动物)以…为主食 feed on:常用于动物 live on:常用于人 4. be anxious about/for sb/sth:担心… be anxious for sth:对…担心/忧虑 be anxious (for sb) to do sth:渴望得到某物 5. in consequence=as a result:结果,因此

in consequence of:由于,因为…的缘故 as a consequence (of):作为…的结果 consequence:指随这而发生的结果,后果 result:指最后的结果,与(cause)相对 6. pass away:去世,逝世 pass by:经过,从…旁走过 pass on:传递,传授 pass through:穿过…,经历… pass off:消失 pass down:传给 pass out:昏倒 7. blame sb for (doing) sth blame sth on sb sb be to blame for (doing) sth sb be blamed for sth 8. charge sb money for sth 要价 charge money for sth sb be in charge of sth 主管 sth be in the charge of sb 9. admit sb/sth into to sth:允许某人(物)进入 sb be admitted to school/hospital sth admit+ doing sth 承认 that-clause 10. make sense:讲得通,有道理,有意义 make sense of sth:懂,了解…的含义 make no sense:讲不通,无意义 in a sense:就某种意义而言 12. apply oneself to:专注于… apply…to…:应用于…,适用 apply to…:适用于… apply (to sb) for…:(向…)申请,请求 14. tell…apart:区分,分辨 take…apart:把…拆开 apart from=besides apart from=except 15. get hold of:抓住 get along with…:与…相处,进展 get rid of:去掉 16. 倍数的表示法:A is n times bigger than B. as big as the size of 17. 独立主格结构。1) n+to do; 2) n+doing; 3) n+done; 4)n+prep.+n.; 5) n+adj/adv; 6)n+n; 7) with+n+to do/doing/done/adj/adv/prep+n.

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