no sooner... than... "一...就..." 引导时间状语从句,主句用过去完成时,"than"后面的从句用一般过去时.(从这里可以知道,no sooner 后面是主句;than 后面是从句) 例: I had no sooner reached home than it began to rain. 我一到家天就下起雨来
No sooner ...than...常放在句首,表示强调.这时主句要倒装. 例:No sooner had I reached home than it began to rain.
与这个短语类似的还有 hardly ... when 意思为:"还没...就..." 例: We had hardly gotten there when it began to rain. 我们还没到那儿,天就下起雨了. (主句用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时) Hardly...when...也常放在句首 例: Hardly had we gotten there when it began to rain. 就是这样
“hardly…when(before)…”和“scarcely…when(before)…”这两个结构在含义上与 as soon as 及 no sooner…than 相近,都作“一……就……”解。hardly(scarcely)引出主 句,when(before)引出从句,主句的动作与从句的动作一前一后紧接着发生。有人主张主句的 谓语动词要用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时。 Hardly 和 scarcely 意思都是“几乎不”或者“刚刚”（表程度）。例如：you hardly had time to do something 意味着你几乎没时间做某事。相比之下 scarcely 更正式、更书面。 ? I hardly had time to ask her name. 我几乎没时间去问她叫什么名字 ? We had scarcely arrived when he asked us to leave. 我们才刚刚到他就叫我们走了。 Hardly and scarcely can also be used with 'ever' to mean 'not often, almost never', with 'any' to mean 'very few, almost none'. Hardly 和 scarcely 也可以与 ever 连用，表示“很少，几乎从不”；与 any 连用，表示“很 少，几乎没有”。
? I've got hardly any money left. 我几乎没剩一点钱。 ? Hardly anyone agreed with her. 几乎没人同意她。 In speech, it is usual to say that you hardly ever do something, rather than that you rarely do it. 在演讲时，通常都说 hardly ever do something，而不说 rarely do something。 ? I hardly ever go to the cinema. 我几乎从不去电影院。
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