2015-2016 学年湖南省岳阳市第一中学高一上学期期中考试 英语试题
时量：100 分钟 分值：100 分 命题人：
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节 （共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后
，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the man probably do tomorrow? A. Hold a party. B. Go to the cinema. C. Drive the woman to the party. 2. How many kilograms has the woman lost? A. 5 B. 10 C. 15 3. What did the man do? A. He ordered some paper. B. He has the printer repaired. C. He chatted online with a friend. 4. What did the man do last night? A. He went to the cinema. B. He watched the movie on CCTV 6. C. He borrowed some books from the library. 5. What will the two speakers do this afternoon? A. Study in the classroom B. Watch a football match C. Play football. 第二节 （共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. When will the man need a room in Sunnyside Inn? A. On August 2nd. B. On August 20th. C. On August 22nd. 7. How much is a non-smoking room per night? A. $ 95. B. $ 99. C. $ 100. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What does the man think of the woman’s job? A. Exciting B. Boring C. Hard 9. What does the woman do? A. A photographer B. An actress C. A film director 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What do we know about Jake’s daughter? A. She is working as a model. B. She is rich and kind. C. She passed away years ago. 11. How is Jake now? A. Sick B. Injured C. Healthy
12. What does the woman think of Johnson? A. Serious B. funny 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. When is the music usually played? A. From 9 pm to midnight B. From 8 pm to 11 pm 14. How long has the man been away from his apartment? A. For two days B. For two weeks 15. What’s the second problem the woman is complaining about? A. The man’s roommate throws rubbish everywhere. B. The man’s roommate plays music all night. C. The man’s roommate takes up two parking spaces. 16. When will the man talk to his roommate? A. Tonight B. Tomorrow morning 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What does the speaker think of his working conditions? A. Poor B. So-so 18. How many hours does the speaker work every week? A. 38 B. 40 19. How does the speaker spend his four-week holiday? A. He usually takes one week to travel in summer. B. He usually goes on a two-week vacation in spring. C. He usually takes one week to travel abroad in winter. 20. What do we know about the company ’s working time? A. Employees cannot leave the company before 5:00 pm. B. It’s able to change to suit employees’ different situations. C. Employees are considered late if they start work after 8:00 am.
C. From 9 am to 7 pm C. For three weeks
C. Tomorrow night
C. Good C. 42
第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分30分） 第一节 阅读短文， 从四个选项中选出最佳选项， 共3篇短文， 15小题， 每小题1.5 分，满分30分。
A Have you ever heard the old saying, “Never judge a book by its cover.”? This is a good rule to follow when trying to judge the intelligence of others. Some people have minds that shine only in certain situations. A young man with an unusual talent in writing may find himself speechless before a pretty girl when he speaks. He may not be able to find the right words. But don’t make the mistake of thinking him stupid. With a pen and paper, he can express himself better than anybody else. Other people may fool you into overestimating(过高估计) their intelligence by putting up a good front. A student who listens attentively and takes notes in class is bound to (一定会) make a favorable impression on his teachers. But when it comes to exams, he may score near the bottom of the class. In a word, you can’t judge someone by appearance. The only way to determine a person’s intelligence is to get to know him. Then you can see how he reacts to different situations. The more situations you see, the better your judgment is likely to be. So take your time. Don’t judge a
book by its cover. 21. The passage suggests that ______. A. a speechless person always writes well B. a good writer may not be a good speaker C. a good writer is always a good speaker D. a good writer will find himself speechless 22. According to this passage, a student who listens attentively and takes notes in class ______. A. is an intelligent student B. will not be a good student C. will score best in exams D. may not be an intelligent student 23. The passage suggests that we should judge a person’s intelligence through ______. A. his teachers B. his behavior in the classroom C. his reactions to different situations D. his appearance 24. The writer of this passage wants to tell us not to______. A. judge a book by its cover B. make the mistake of thinking a young man stupid C. overestimate a student’s intelligence D. judge a person’s intelligence by his appearance B Very few people look forward to and enjoy exams. That doesn’t have to mean that you should be afraid of them, though. The following tips will help you get through that terrible exam period. Here are eight steps to help you during exams: 1. Make sure you know how much time you will have in the exam, and how many questions there will be. Then you can divide your time among the questions to make sure that they all get answered. 2. When you’re doing an exam that involves (涉及) long answers, it is a good idea to leave some space at the end of the answer so that you can add any extra comments that might come to mind when you reread your paper. 3. Don’t spend all of your time only on questions that you know the answer to because you will get a worse mark for answering some questions very well and some not at all. 4. It is worth taking a little extra time to make sure that your handwriting is neat. Then the examiner will be able to read it! Try to avoid spelling mistakes too! 5. The more prepared you are, the more likely you are to succeed. 6. Keep calm. If you feel yourself getting worried, take a deep breath. 7. Don’t try to discuss the exam after you’ve finished it. If you’ve got different answers from your friends, there’s no point worrying about it. 8. Once an exam is over, just forget about it. There is nothing more you can do about it. The best thing you can do is to go home and prepare for the next one. 25. You can get a better mark if ______. A. you spend all of your time on questions that you are not good at B. you discuss the answers with your friends after exams C. you go over your notes carefully for the exam D. you spend most of your time on questions that you know well 26. The passage is probably written for ______.
A. people who mark exam papers B. people who take exams C. high school teachers D. language learners 27. The underlined word “avoid” in the passage most probably means “______”. A. check out B. go over C. think about D. prevent something from happening C Printing images is easy. Just select an image of a purple robot on your PC, for example, and press print. Your home printer exactly shoots drops of ink onto a flat piece of paper, creating the robot’s 2-D image. “Printing ” 3-D objects is different. Take the purple robot. First select a file of the 3-D printer. Immediately, the printer begins making noise, and a nozzle (喷嘴) releases plastic material in thin layers. In two or three hours, a 3-D purple robot is standing before you. 3-D printing has developed to the point where printers can now create high-quality objects using a variety of materials, including metals. That means 3-D printers can now make final products that meet high industrial standards. 3-D printers are already being used to make parts for racecars and jets as well as man-made limbs and hearing aids. So far, few homes have 3-D printers. That’s because 3-D printing is not only new to most people but also quite expensive. To bring 3-D printing to the masses, some retail stores (零售商 店) plan to offer the service. For example, the Staples chain of office supply stores has announced that it will offer 3-D printing in Europe beginning in 2013. Customers will be able to submit their own 3-D designs to Staples website for printing. After the job is done, they’ll pick up their item at a nearby Staples store or have it mailed to their homes. This service is sure to encourage many more people to try out 3-D printing. 28. According to this article, who are 3-D printed parts already helping? A. People with physical disabilities. B. People in the solar energy field C. People who lack suitable housing D. People in need of computer skills 29. What will customers need in order to submit their designs to Staples? A. A credit card account B. Its local phone number C. Professional experience D. Access to the Internet 30. What does the writer of this article imply about 3-D printing? A. Its inventor is famous B. Its future looks bright. C. It is still quite cheap. D. It will be of little use. 31. What do we learn about the 3-D purple robot? A. How long it can usually last B. How it can darken its own color C. How it gradually takes shape D. How much it costs to produce D Madrid, capital of Spain, is a city with large numbers of historic sites resting in the shadows of modern skyscrapers. This city of over 3, 23 million people, up from 2,88 million in 2000, is proud of Western Europe’s royal palace, considered by many to be Madrid’s most beautiful building. Inside the Royal Palace 2,800 rooms are decorated with museum-quality furniture and artwork. The internationally loved Prado Museum is the largest and most impressive art gallery in Spain. Opened in 1819, it is filled with works of art that include the world’s most comprehensive collection of Spanish paintings. Spain is famous for its delicious ham, and there’s no better place to try it than at Museo del
Jamón, which has five branches around the city. Hanging from the ceiling of each branch are dozens of hams of different types and flavors. Taste them in the bar. Madrid had some of Europe’s best shopping. For 500 years, shoppers have gathered to a large outdoor flea market (跳蚤市场) known as the Rastro, where they find everything from antiques (古董) to CDs. Get a great view of the city from Teleferico de Madrid. This cable car (缆车) takes you on a 2.5kilometer trip 40 meters above the Manzanares River and Casa de Campo park. For a refreshing choice, relax beside the swimming pool on the roof of the Emperador Hotel. Enjoy delicious desserts and drinks while viewing the city, or take a dip in the cool water. No trip to Madrid is complete without seeing a performance of Spain’s famous art form, flamenco. Every day, flamenco performers sing, dance or play the guitar in small cafes and grand theaters alike. 32. What can readers learn about Madrid from this article? A. How it develops its attractions. B. How it will continue to improve C. How its population has changed D. How its lovely parks came into being 33. Which of the following should you not visit if you suffer from a fear of heights? A. The Royal Palace B. The Prado Museum C. The Museo del Jamón D. The Teleferico de Madrid 34. What can we learn about the Rastro from the article? A. The fascinating story behind its creation B. The variety of goods on offer there C. The very low entrance fee that it charges D. The convenience of its downtown location 35. In which magazine would this article most likely appear? A. Best Relaxation Destination B. Modern Country Living C. Foreign Affairs Quarterly D. Fashion News 第二节 阅读短文，从七个选项中选出5个最佳选项，完成短文，共5小题，每小题2分，满分 10分。 Public Speaking Training ·Get a coach 36 , so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that’s right for you. ·Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence (信心) more than being told that you aren’t doing well. 37 , so good public speaking training should develop those instead of telling you what you shouldn’t do. ·38 If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you’re going to be talking about. 39 . As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. ·You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your
own personal habits. 40 . Your training course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you’re not. A. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse B. You aren’t like anybody else C. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is challenging D. Turn your back on too many rules E. The one thing you don’t want is for them to fall asleep F. Check the rules about dos and don’ts G. You already do lots of things well 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分45分） 第一节 完形填空 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中选出最佳选项，共15小题，每小 题1分，满分15分。 Editors of newspapers and magazines often go too far in supplying readers with facts. Last year a reporter 41 by a well-known magazine wrote an article on the president’s 42 in a new African republic. When the article arrived, the editor read the first sentence and then refused to 43 it. The article began like this, “Hundreds of steps lead to the high 44 surrounding the president’s palace.” The editor 45 sent the reporter a telegram directing him to find out the 46 number of steps and height of the wall. The reporter set out to get these important facts at once, but it 47 him a long time to send them back. Meanwhile, the editor was growing 48 , for the magazine would soon be 49 . He sent the reporter two urgent( 加急的) telegrams, but received 50 reply. He sent another, yet the reporter again 51 to reply. The editor unwillingly published the article 52 it had been written. A week later, the editor at last 53 the reporter, who told him in the letter that not only had he been arrested(逮捕)but he had been sent to 54 . The poor man had been seized by the police while 55 the 1804 steps leading to the 15-foot wall around the palace. 41. A. answered B. sent C. wanted D. taken 42. A. hometown B. office C. palace D. family 43. A. publish B. rewrite C. sign D. talk about 44. A. palace B. wall C. country D. prison 45. A. quickly B. later C. hurriedly D. immediately 46. A. exact B. large C. small D. unknown 47. A. took B. spent C. got D. found 48. A. glad B. fast C. anxious D. happy 49. A. sold B. sent C. shown D. printed 50. A. no B. much C. one D. any 51. A. managed B. failed C. had D. ought 52. A. until B. like C. when D. as 53. A. met with B. looked for C. came across D. heard from 54. A. a hotel B. prison C. the palace D. the office 55. A. counting B. going C. measuring D. drawing
第二节 根据课文内容填空。 （共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面根据课文内容改写的材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单 词的正确形式填空。将答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。 American police 56 (step) up their search for Justin Foster, who went missing last Friday night. He didn’t show 57 for lunch the next day. When the event 58 (occur), Mrs. Forster was worried and told her husband to call the police. Witnesses said they saw Justin walking towards his home. Justin’s sister, Kelly heard him put on his favorite CD and she also saw a large spaceship 59 (fly) outside. She heard Justin shout. Mavis Wood said that the aliens once taken her 60 the UFO and they did some research on her. The whole research was frightening just like a terrible dream. Police found that Justin 61 return home. But they have not found the evidence 62 Justin was taken away by aliens. Detectives Sam Peterson, 63 took charge of the case, said that they were looking into other 64 (possible) too and they would not give up 65 they found out what happened. 第四部分 写作 （共两节，满分25分） 第一节 单句改错 共10小题，每小题1分，满分10分。 下面每个句子都有一处错误，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 1. 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 2. 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 3. 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 例如： 1. It’s exciting experience to swim in the sea. 2. Mr. Liu is the person you talked about him on the bus. 3. You should learn to be independent on your parents. 答题卡填写方式如下： 1. It’s ^ → an 2. him 3. on → of 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 将改正后的答案按要求写在答题卡的相应位置。 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. This is such an easy maths problem that everyone can work out. David couldn’t have done such a stupid thing last week, has he? The professor has two sons, both of them are teaching in the same university. The crisis has passed and life will return back to normal soon. We are happy to inform you that the talks our class will attend next month. If you don’t go to the party tomorrow, nor do I. In the dark forest lies many beautiful lakes, some large enough to hold several towns. It is the third time that she won the prize, which has surprised us all. The fact which she has already known the result of the examination is clear. Few students can answer the questions, can’t they?
第二节 书面表达 写一篇短文，满分15分 李华减肥以后，感到身体疲倦、虚弱，不知如何是好，于是他写了一封电子邮件向健康
专家求教。请根据下面内容，以李华的名义写一封邮件。词数 100 左右。 原因：觉得自己太胖，体重不断增加，担心形象不美，有同学骂他。 过程： 1. 去健身房，两三次就放弃了，感觉太累也没时间。 2. 节食，坚持了大约一个星期，经常饿得不能继续他的学习。 3. 悄悄服用减肥药， 一开始有效果， 体重迅速下降， 但减肥药对他产生副作用。 Dear Health Expert, I have got a problem and I need to ask for your help. ______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________
1 – 20 21 – 40 41 – 55 CBACB BDCDC BCABD CBACA BDADB AACDA 57. up 62. that 67. has → did 72. lies → lie CCABC CCDBA BDDBA 58. occurred 63. who 68. them → whom 73. she ^ → has ACACB CGDAB
56. have stepped 61. did 66. that → as → will 71. that → of → can
59. flying 64. possibilities 69. back
60. aboard 65. until 70. do
74. which → that
书面表达 Dear Health Expert, I have got a problem and I need to ask for your help. I feel I am a little too fat. What’s worse, I am putting on weight all the time. I am very worried about my figure and how I look. I even fear that some of my classmates call me names. At one time, I tried to work out in a gym two or three times, but I finally gave up just because I had no time for it and always felt very tired after doing exercise. Once I tried going on a diet. However, after about a week, I could not go on because I felt so hungry that I was not able to continue my studies. Then I bought and took weight-loss pills in secret. Shortly after, they did work and I was losing weight fast. But soon I felt tired and weak sometimes. I know those pills usually have bad effects on our health. Thus, I don’t know what I should do. Could you be kind enough to give some good advice? Best wishes Li Hua
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