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高考重点介词搭配


高考重点介词搭配: 1. about be worried about 担心 be anxious about 担心 be about to do…(when…)将要做某事 bring about 引起导致 care about 担心;介意 come about 发生,成为现实 Don’t hang about 徘徊闲逛 out and about (特指病愈后)能够外出走动 s

et about doing 开始做某事 They sat about (round, around) the fire.四处,随意坐着 think about 思考,考虑 what/how about (doing) sth. 做…怎么样 2. as as a matter of fact 事实上 as usual 照常 as a whole 作为整体 as well as 和 as far as I know/ as far as I’m concerned 就我所知,在我看来 as good as 和…一好样 / 几乎 as long as 和…一样长/只要 as follows 如下 as for 至于/关于 as is often the case 通常就是这样 as is known to all 众所周知 as time goes by 随着时间的流逝 act as 充当 serve as 担任,权当 such as 象……那样 the same as 象……那样 regard/consider/label/look on (upon)/think of sb. as 将某人视为… 3. at at sth.听到…(的消息) at the age of …在…岁时 at Christmas 在圣诞节 (见 on Christmas Eve) at a distance 在远处 at one time 曾经 at a time 一次 (be) at work/play 在工作/在玩 at short notice 在短时间内, 立刻 at the sight of 看到

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at the weekend 在周末(见 on the weekdays) be surprised/shock/astonished/amazed at sth. (见 in surprise) 惊讶于某事 laugh at sb./sth.嘲笑某人/某事 be good / bad / poor at sth. (见 be weak in) 擅长于/不擅长于… knock at the door 敲门 shoot/aim at 瞄准 look/stare/glare/glance at 看/盯/怒视/瞥 be strict/angry/disappointed at sth.对…很生气(见 be angry with sb.) call/drop in at sp.拜访某地 4. by by accident 意外地 = by chance by birth 在血统上,生来 by bus (plane, train , ship, air..) 乘公共汽车(飞机,火车,船) by comparison 比较起来 by daylight 在白天 by force 用武力 by halves 半截子(见 in half, into halves) by instinct 出于本能 by nature 生来 by mistake/error 弄错 by all means 尽一切办法,一定 by no means 决不,一点儿也不 by means of 借助,靠 by reason of 由于 by sea 由海路 by the hour 按小时计算 by the way 顺便提一下 by trade 职业是 by way of 经由 by weight 按重量计算 learn/know sth. by heart 记住 What time is it by your watch?你的手表现在几点了? 5. for for for for for for for for for for all 尽管 all I know 就我所知 the sake of sb./sth.为了…的利益 better or for worse 不论好坏 fear of (for fear that)为了避免,害怕 fun 开玩笑的,不当真 good 永久地,一劳永逸地 lack of 因为缺乏 the moment=for the time being 暂时

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be anxious for 渴望;担忧 be late for 迟到 be famous for 著名 be ready for sth.准备好做某事 be fit for sth.适合于 be bad for …对…有害 be sorry for sth.为…感到难过,歉疚 feel sorry for 同情 be thankful/ grateful to sb. for sth. 因某事而感激某人 ask for a (sick) leave 请(病)假 answer for sth.为…负责=be responsible for sth. care for 喜欢;照顾 go in for 喜爱,从事 go out for a walk 出去散步 long for 渴望 pay (money) for sth.花(钱)买某物 provide sth for sb.提供某物给某人 provide for 赡养,抚养 set out / leave for sp.出发去某地 take sth. for granted 认为…是理所当然的 search sp. for sth.为了找某物而搜寻某个地方 stand for 代表,象征 substitute A for B 用 A 替代 B word for word 逐字逐句地(翻译) 用于 It + is + adj. + for sb. to do sth.结构中,adj. 修饰 to do sth. 6. from be/come from 来自于… be different from 与…不同 learn from 从…处学习,向…学习 break away from (sb./a bad habit) 脱离,放弃 stop/prevent sb. (from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事 keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人作某事 separate A from B 将 A 和 B 隔开/隔离 die from 死于…(强调外部原因) e.g. die from a wound/a disease (见 die of) make A from B (A be made from B)(看不见原材料) suffer from sth. 患…病 tell A from B 区分 A 和 B from one’s point of view 在某人看来 7. in be active in (doing) sth.积极从事/参与… in all 总共 in a word 总而言之(all in all )

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in a whisper(in whispers) 低语 (be) in a hurry 匆忙地 (be) in danger 处于危险中 (be) in demand 有需要,销路好 (be) in surprise (见 be surprised at) 惊讶地 (be) in deep sorrow 陷于悲痛之中 (be) in (good) order/(be) in disorder 井然有序/毫无秩序,一团糟 (be) in (great/bad) need of sth.(急)需… (be) in sight 视线范围之内 (keep) in silence(保持)安静 in contrast to 和…形成对比 in English/ink/words 用英语/墨水/语言(write with a pen 用钢笔写) in brief 简单扼要的 in short 简而言之 in the air 在空中;悬而未决;在流传中 in the distance 在远处,在很远的那边 in charge of / in the charge of 负责,管理/受…管理 in one’s (early / late) twenties / thirties …二/三十几岁 in the face of 面对 in no time 立刻=at once, right away, straight away, immediately in (good) condition/health/spirits/mood 身体(健康)/兴致勃勃/心情好 in the open air 在露天 in half 一半(见 into halves, by halves) in return 作为报答 in a low/loud voice 低声/高声地 in the corner 在角落里 in … direction/in the direction of 向…方向去 in other words 换句话说 in return 作为报答 in stock 有库存,有现货 in the world 世界上,究竟 in turn 依次, 倒过来也… in view of 鉴于,考虑到 believe in 信赖,信仰 (be) busy (in) doing sth.忙于某事(见 busy with) be engaged in (doing) sth.忙于做某事 go in for sth.从事(某个爱好) join sb. in (doing) sth.加入(成为一员)从事(某一活动) have something/anything/nothing in common 有共同点 have trouble (in) doing sth.费事做某事=take trouble to do sth. keep in touch with sb.和某人保持联系 keep/bear/have sth. in mind 记住 lie in bed 卧床 lie in “位于”,通常在某个范围内部(见 lie to, lie on) spend (time/money/effort) in doing sth. 花(时间/金钱/努力)在

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share in (one’s joy/happiness/trouble/doing sth) 分享,分担,共同努力 succeed in (doing) sth. = manage to do sth.成功完成某事 be weak in (be bad at)不擅长于 wrap sth. up in sth.把…包起来 There is no difficulty/sb. have no difficulty (in) doing sth.做…事没有困难 There is no point/sense (in )doing sth 做…没有意义 8. of of + (n.) = 该(n.)所派生的(a.) e.g. of value = valuable be proud of / take pride in 骄傲 speak / talk of 谈到,提及 be ashamed of sth.对…感到羞愧 be aware of 知道,意识到 be conscious of 意识到 be capable of 有能力做某事 be fond of 喜欢 be / get tired of 对…厌倦 be careful of 小心 be guilty of 有…之罪 be innocent of 清白的,不犯…罪 be independent of 独立于 be ignorant of 无知 be worthy of 某事值得做 get rid of 摆脱,除去 die of 死于(强调内部原因) e.g. die of hunger/boredom/cancer think of 想到/想起,考虑,想出 be afraid of (doing) sth.害怕(做)某事 (be) full of 充满,挤满 assure sb of sth. 向某人担保某事 accuse sb of sth. 指控某人某项罪名 cure sb of sth. 治愈某人某种疾病 convince sb. of sth 使某人相信某事 deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某项权利 inform sb. of sth.通知某人某事 remind sb. of sth.提醒某人某事 rob sb. of sth.抢走某人某物 warn sb. of sth.警告某人某事 make A of B (A be made of B) A 由 B 做成(看得见原材料) know of sth.听说过… make fun of …取笑 take the place of 取代 用于 It + (be) + (a.) + of sb. to do sth. 结构中,其(a.)修饰 sb. (见 for) 9. out of

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(be) out of order = (be) in disorder 毫无秩序,一团糟 (be) out of breath 气喘吁吁 out of control 失控 out of sympathy 出于同情 out of curiosity 出于好奇 out of question 没问题 out of the question 不可能 out of sight 视线范围之外 out of condition 健康状况不好 out of date 过时的 out of mind 发狂,疯狂 out of season 过时,不合时令 out of stock 脱销 run out of 用光,用完 drop out of school 辍学 make A out of B (A be made out of B) A 由 B 制成

10. on on hearing 一听到 on 后接某个具体的时间 e.g. on a raining morning,on Christmas Eve 在圣诞夜 on a diet 吃规定的饮食 on one’s way (to…)在去…的路上 on board 在船上 on behalf of 代表 on business 因公 on holiday/vocation 在度假 on condition that 如果 on no condition 决不 on duty 值班 on earth 在世上,究竟 on fire 着火 on foot 步行 on one’s mind 惦念,使人担心 on purpose 故意地 on sale 廉价销售 on time/schedule 按时 on second thoughts 三思 on the contrary 恰恰相反 on the whole 整体而言 on the air 在广播 on the edge of 在…边缘 on the occasion of 在…的场合 on the point of 在当…的时候
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on on on on on on on

the rise 在上涨(增加) the weekdays 在工作日(见 at the weekend) the phone/radio/TV 在电话里/收音机里/电视里 tiptoe 垫着脚尖 top of the world 欣喜若狂 and on 继续不停地 …team 为…队(比赛)e.g. Peter plays basketball on school team.

on the average 平均;一般说来 agree on sth. 在…方面达成一致意见 (见 agree with, agree to) call/drop in on sb.拜访某人 compliment sb. on sth. 就某事祝贺某人 congratulations on sth. to sb.向某人恭贺某事 fix one’s eyes on sth./sth.盯着… be/go on strike 罢工 have a (great) effect on sth./sb.对…有很大的影响 live/feed on sth.靠…生活,喂养,生存,维持 operate on sb.为某人做手术 lie on“位于”强调接壤(见 lie in, lie to) insist on (doing) sth.坚持… spend (time/money/effort) on sth.花(时间/金钱/精力)在 What’s on tonight? 今晚上映什么影片? 11. to (be) close/next to sb./sth.邻近于 be polite / cruel to sb.对…有礼貌/残忍 be engaged to sb.和…订婚(见 be engaged in) be invisible to 人眼看不见的,无形的 be inaccessible to (某地) 令车或人不能到达的 be known/well-known to sb.为…所知 be married to sb.嫁给某人 be equal to 相等 be junior/ senior/ inferior/superior to 比…年幼/年长/不如/优越 (much)to one’s surprise/ joy/disappointment/relief 让某人吃惊/高兴/失望/宽慰的是 answer/key/entrance/access to sth. …的回答/答案/入口 add A to B 把 A 加到 B 上 add to (difficulties/burden)增加困难/负担 add up to 合计达… agree to sth.(单方面)接受,同意 (见 agree with, agree on) apologize to sb. for sth.因某事向某人道歉 devote (oneself/one’s life) to (doing) sth.献身于… do harm/good to sb.对…有害/有好处 entertain sb. to dinner 请某人吃饭 Help yourself to some food.随便吃点。 join/attach/relate A to B 把 A 和 B 连在一起
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lie to“位于”强调两个独立的个体 (见 lie in, lie on)e.g. Japan lies to the east of China. lead to sth.导致 look forward to sth.期盼 pay attention to sth.注意 prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth.宁愿…而不愿… put sb. to (trouble/inconvenience/great expense)给某人造成麻烦/不便/巨额花费 refer to sth.参考…,提及/谈到… sentence sb. to death 判处死刑 treat sb. to sth. 以…款待某人 12. under under all circumstances 无论如何 under arrest 被捕 under construction 在建设中 under control 在控制中 under discussion 在讨论中 under these conditions 由于这些情况 under the leadership of… 在…的领导下 under repairs 在修理中 under the pressure of 在…的压力下 under the threat of 在…的威胁下 under a false name 用假名字 under guarantee 在保修期内 under one's eye 在眼[面]前 under way 在进行中; 在航行中 under lock and key 在妥善保管中 under age 未成年 children under seven years of age 不满七岁的儿童 13. with with the help/aid of 在…的帮助下 with a heavy/light heart 心情沉重地/轻快地 with a straight face 绷着脸 with an open hand 慷慨地 with open arms 热情友好地 with care 仔细地 with difficulty 困难地 with confidence 自信地 with ease 熟练地, 轻而易举地 with pleasure 愉快地,愿意 with reference to 关于 with smile 面带微笑 with the naked eye 用肉眼看 be angry/strict/happy/disappointed/pleased/satisfied with sb.

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对…很严格/愉快/生气/满意(见 be angry at sth.) be with sb. 赞成某人, 在某人一边 be bored with 厌倦 (be) busy with sth.(n.) 忙于某事 be careful with 小心 be covered with 被…所覆盖 be crowded with 挤满 be fed up with 厌倦 be filled with 充满,挤满 be infected with 感染某病 be late with 做某事拖拉、缓慢 agree with sb./one’s opinion 同意某人/某人的观点 (见 agree on, agree to) begin/start with 以…开头 burden sb. with sth.给某人…压力 connect/link/combine A with B 把 A 和 B 连在一起 do with 处理,忍受,有关联 deal with 处理,涉及,打交道 fight with 与…作战(站在同一立场)(见 fight against) get along with sth./sb.继续做某事/与某人相处 have a word with sb.和某人说句话 have words with sb.与…吵架 help sb. with sth.帮助某人学习… jump with joy 高兴地跳起来 make friends with sb.与某人交朋友 reward sb. with sth. 用…奖赏某人 provide sb. with sth. 将某物提供给某人 supply sb. with sth. 将某物提供给某人 threaten sb. with sth. 用某事威胁某人 表示伴随的动作,常用 with e.g. She is giving the speech with tears in her eyes. 14. 其它介词词组 because of, owing to , due to , on account of 因为 thanks to 多亏了,由于 in spite of 尽管 at the cost/price of 以…为代价 in defence of 保卫 in favor of 赞同,支持,同意 in place of 代替 ahead of 领先于 instead of 代替 regardless of 不管,不顾 but for 要不是 except for 除了 other than 除了(=except)

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