牛津高中英语模块一 Unit 3 讲解与练习
知识重点与学习难点 一、 重要单词： stay(系动词： 保持), slim, figure, weight, ashamed, recover, failure, contain, chemical, seldom, damage, attractive, touching, embarrassed, pressure,
overweight, diet, properly, skinny, consider, fit(强健的), pill, appearance, especially, amazed, archery, squash, aerobics(有氧运动), triathlon(铁人三项), category, partial(部分的), response, purpose, confirmation, actually, recognize. 二、重点词组： work out 锻炼、训练, go on diets/a diet 实行节食, in secret 私自, side effect 副作用, put on weight 体重增加, lose weight 减肥, be ashamed of 对….感到羞耻, an exact match for 和….完全匹配的…， follow one’s advice 听从某人的建议, sound fun 听 起来象是件有趣的事, team sport 团队运动, build up 增强, regret doing sth 后悔做 了某事, risk doing sth 冒做某事的风险. 三、 【语法术语】 non-restrictive attributive clause 非限制性定语从句, question tag 反意疑问句, positive statement 肯定的陈述句, negative statement 否定的陈述句, personal pronoun 人称代词, auxiliary verb 助动词, model verb 情态动词, imperative clause 祈使句. 【难点讲解】 1. What do you do to keep yourself looking good and feeling good？ 你是怎样保持自己良好的外在形象和健康的身体状况的？ 询问别人怎样做某事的可以用 “how do you…..?”也可 以用“what do you do to….?”。例如： How did you make the baby stop crying? What did you do to make the baby stop crying? Keep yourself looking good and feeling good 是一个“动＋宾语+补语”结构， 现在分 词短语 looking good and feeling good 作宾补。 2. Dying to be thin…. 这是个双关语，既可以理解成“差一点为瘦身而死”，也可以理解为“迫切希望瘦 身”。 课文主人公 Amy 因为急切希望保持苗条的身材服用了一种减肥药造成肝功 能衰竭，差点丢了性命。用这个双关语作课文的标题非常巧妙。 Dying 的本意是“快要死去的，而 dying to do/be+adj 或 dying for+n 则表示“迫切 希望…..”。例如： He is dying to see his homeland again. I’m dying for a drink of rum. She is dying for a chance to be back on the stage. 3. I know the pressure to stay slim is a problem, especially for an actress. 我知道保持苗条的压力是一个，对于一位女演员来说更是如此。 4. I’m taking weight-loss pills called Fat-Less, which are quite popular among young women here. 我在服用一种叫“”的减肥药，这种药在年轻女性中很流行。 medicine 泛指药物，尤指内服药，表示“治疗…的药”时后面跟介词 for: the
medicine for cold。 Pill 药片、药丸, ,表示“治疗…的药”时前面加定语：sleeping pills 。drug 药剂、麻醉药、毒品，drug(s) 表示“治疗…的药”时和 for/to treat 连 用。 5. She says health is priceless, and I agree, but then I look so slim at the moment. 她说健康是无价的，我同意她的说法，但是我现在看起来非常苗条。 后缀 less 加在名词之后表示“没有、缺乏”例如：hopeless, helpless, careless, homeless.注意， priceless 和 worthless, valueless 的意思不同。 Price 指价格， less 加 表示“无法估价的”；worth, value 指价值，加 less 则表示“没有价值的。 Then 和 but 连用，起到增强语气的作用。 6. They contain a harmful chemical that caused my liver to fail. 那些药里含有一种有害的化学成分，导致我肝功能衰竭。 7. I think you look great as you are. 我认为你现在这样保持自然本色看起来就很棒。 As you are 是状语从句意思是“以你本来的面目” As 作连词的用法较复杂， 可以表示“当….时候、 因为、 既然、 相比、 虽然， 按照… 做、 象…一样、 当做， 还可以用来指代上文中提到的事情以避免重复。 其中作“虽 然、用来指代上文中提到的事情”两种用法比较特殊，请看例句： Alone as he is, he does not feel lonely. Try as you would, you could not make him change his mind. Harry is unusually tall, as are his brothers. 8. Remember to take it slowly at first and you will build your strength up quickly. 记住刚开始锻炼时要慢些，你的体力很快就会增强。 Take 在这里意思是“从事…活动”it 指代 sport/exercise。 Build up 增强、增加，名词 build-up,例如： The build-up of Japanese forces makes the neighboring countries very uneasy. 9. Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. 一些体育活动通常是在室内进行的，另一些则是在室外。 Indoor、outdoor 是形容词，只能作定语使用; indoors/outdoors 是副词，作地点状 语。例如： It is an indoor sport. We can play the game indoors. 【语法】 一、非限制性定语从句 1) 定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的部 分，去掉它主句意思往往不明确；非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明，去掉 了也不会影响主句的意思，它与主句之间通常用逗号分开，例如： This is the house which we bought last month.这是我们上个月买的那幢房子。 限制 （ 性） The house, which we bought last month, is very nice.这幢房子很漂亮，是我们上个 月买的。 （非限制性） 2) 当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修饰时，其后的定语从句通常 是非限制性的，例如： Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired last year. 查理?史密斯去年退休
了，他曾经是我的老师。 My house, which I bought last year, has got a lovely garden. 我去年买的的那幢房 子带着个漂亮的花园。 This novel, which I have read three times, is very touching. 这本小说很动人，我已 经读了三遍。 3) 非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进行修饰, 这时从句谓 语动词要用第三人称单数，例如： He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly upsets me. 他似乎没抓住 我的意思，这使我心烦。 Liquid water changes to vapor, which is called evaporation. 液态水变为蒸汽，这就 叫做蒸发。 说明：关系代词 that 和关系副词 why 不能引导非限制性定语从句。 二、反意疑问句： （1）反意疑问句是由陈述句以及其后面的简略疑问句构成， 前一部分为陈述句， 后一部分由助动词或情态动词 + 主语(人称代词)构成，可表示真实的疑问。也 可以表示说话者的某种倾向，强调或反问 It’s raining , isn’t it? (2) 反意疑问句的前半部分陈述句是肯定的，则疑问部分为否定形式；反意疑问 句的前半部分陈述句中若为否定，则疑问部分为肯定形式。 (3) 前半部分陈述句含有 hardly, never, seldom, few, little 等词时，疑问部分为肯定 形式。 We hardly know each other, do we? There is little left for us to do, there is? (4) 反意疑问句的前半部分陈述句中若使用了助动词，情态动词或 be 动词，后 半部分先重复这些动词，然后 + not +主语，构成简略句 You can read this , can’t you? She should have a rest , shouldn’t she? (5) 如果反意疑问句前半部分肯定句中谓语动词是实意动词，后半部分一般由 didn’t / doesn’t 和 didn’t + 主语构成 We need some salad too , don’t we? He looks like his father , doesn’t he? (6) 祈使句后面的反意疑问句是 will you/shall we? Let’s stop quarreling and get down to business, shall we? Come over to my house, will you? 【同步练习】 一、 单项选择 1.Jane could hardly be called beautiful, ____________? A. couldn’t she B. couldn’t Jane C. wasn’t she D. could she 2.Is this factory _____ you visited the other day? A. which B. where C. to which D. the one 3.You will have some spare time _____ you can learn French at home. A. that B. which C. at which D. during which 4. We ought to make friends with such people _____ are kind and hard working.
A. who B. as C. that D. whom 5.I was so surprised that he returned home much earlier _____ was expected. A. as B. than C. which D. / 6.He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin. A. which B. that C. where D. as 7.China is the birth place of kites, _____ kite flying spread to Japan, Korea, Thailand and India. A. from where B. which C. where D. as 8.That is the girl _____ father we have just been speaking. A. of whose B. of whom C. whose D. who 9. Mayor will make an inspection of our school on Monday, _____ you can tell him how hard the situation we are in. A. where B. which C. when D. that 10. We often think of the happiest days _____ we spent together on the island A. when B. which C. that D. during which 二、 用下列单词的适当形式填空： figure, weight, shame, recover, fail, contain, chemical, embarrassed, pressure, properly, skin, consider, appear 1． She is on a diet to keep her ___________. 2． Everyone could see his __________ when he was caught stealing food from the frige. 3． Susan is not the _______ little girl she used to be. 4． You should be ________ of such behavior. 5． _______ is a subject that is learnt in the lab. 6． The UN has sent 9 __________ of relief supply to the earthquake area. 7． It is very ___________ of you to bring me such a useful gift. 8． Nowadays young people will do anything to improve their ___________ 9． This kind of dress is not very _______ for the wedding. 10. Mr. Lee’s ________ was a painful and slow one. 11.His carelessness has resulted in another __________. 12._________ as he is, he can’t keep his hand form chocolate. 13. Reporters tried to _______ him for more information. 三、完形填空 With the long days of summer 1 and kids heading back to school, it seems that exercise should become easier to do instead of harder. But, for many parents, that isn't the 2 as schedules get crowed with activities, the sun goes down earlier and the stress of daily life sets in. Many people find 3 vowing(发誓) to start exercising at some later time when things calm down but, here's something you already know--life doesn't usually work that way. 4 of waiting for the 'right' time, why not start now? Getting exercise firmly established makes it easier for it to 5 a priority（要优先做的事） for you. Trying to fit it into a crazy schedule later is hard to do and can result 6 stress, guilt and thicker waistlines（腰围）. Staying fit takes a little work, but it's worth it in the long 7.
Any parent knows that planning and preparation can make a difference in how smoothly things go. Giving exercise that same kind of effort can help you make it happen. ? Plan out your weekly calendar of work, family and other responsibilities. ? Look for times you can squeeze in some exercise. 8 you only find 10 minutes here or there, that's 10 minutes you'll be moving instead of sitting. ? Plan what you'll do and what you'll need to do it--e.g., if you're going to the gym you'll need to have your gym bag ready and snacks/meals ready to go. Prepare as much as you can beforehand for smoother workouts. ? Look for creative ways to be active. One person who jogs around the soccer field at her son's practices. There’s another who rides bikes with his daughter every morning before school. Integrating( 结 合 )exercise with other activities is one way to stay 9 and still keep up with responsibilities. ? Set up a basic home gym. Even if you prefer a health club, having some basic equipment 10 as well as a few quality workout videos means you're always ready for a workout. Think resistance tubes or bands, an exercise ball and some dumbbells. 1．A. out B. go C. gone D. done 2. A condition B. case C. example D. reason 3. A. us B. them C. theirs D. themselves 4. A. Despite B. Approved C. Aware D. Instead 5. A. remain B. keep C. stay D. get 6. A. in B. from C. of D. over 7. A. time B. term C. run D. period 8. A. Even if B. As if C. As though D. Now that 9. A. well B. health C. fit D. happy 10.A.prepared B. available C. access D. responsible 【参考答案】 一、D A AC B, DAACC 二 、 1.figure 2. embarrassment 3. skinny 4. ashamed 5. Chemistry 6. containers 7. considerate 8.appearances 9. proper 10. recovery 11. failure 12. overweighed 13. press 三、CBDDA, ACACB
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