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必修1Unit 1Friendship 要 点 梳 理


必修 1 Unit 1 Friendship 要 点 梳 理 一..词汇短语过关 1.upset adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的,不适的 vt. 使不安;使心烦,打乱(upset; upset) be upset about 对??感到心烦 It upsets sb. that 让某人心烦的是?? It upsets sb. to do sth. 做??使某人不快 upset th

e plan 搅乱了计划 (1)I ______ ______ ______ the bad news. 我对那则坏消息感到心烦意乱。 (2)It ______ ______ that he had left without saying goodbye. 他的不辞而别让她心情沮丧。 (3)If the rain keeps falling, it will ______ the whole plan. 如果继续下雨,这将会打乱我们的整 个计划。

2.ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视;不顾(强调“装作不知道或没看到”) ignorant adj. 无知的;愚昧的;不知道的 ignorance n. 无知;愚昧;不知道 ignore sb./sth. 不理睬某人/假装不知道或未见 be ignorant of/about sth.=be in ignorance of sth.不知道某事 (1)She saw him coming but she ________him.她看见他走来,但没有理睬他。 (2)He is ______ ______ farm life.=He is ___ _________ ______ farm life.他对农庄生活一无所 知。

3.concern vt. (使)担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注;(利害)关系 concerning prep. 关于 concerned adj. 关心的;挂念的;有关的 show/express concern about/for 对……表示关心/担心 have concern with 和……有关系 with concern 关切地 concern oneself about/for 担忧/关心…… concern oneself with 从事,参与…… concern sb./sth. 与……有关 be concerned about/over/for 关心,挂念 be concerned with/in 牵扯进/参与……
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all parties concerned 有关各方 as/so far as... be concerned 就……而言 (1)Don't concern yourself ______ other people's affairs. 别干涉他人的事。 (2)I always concern myself ______ my son's future. 我总是担忧我儿子的将来。 (3)He doesn't bother about things that don't ______ him. 他不关心那些与他无关的事。 关于你的信,我乐于奉告你所感兴趣的东西。 (4)As far as ____________, the sooner, the better. 就我而言,越快越好。 (5)________________ your letter, I'm pleased to inform you of what you are interested in.

4.series n. 系列;连续 a series of 一连串的;一系列的 a series of exams 一连串的考试 a TV series 一部电视连续剧 注意:(1)series 属于单复数同形的单词,类似的单词还有 means, species, works(工厂),deer, fish, sheep 等。 (2)“a series of+复数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用单数,但“these/those series of+复数名词”做 主语时,谓语动词用复数。 (1)Then began ______ ______ ______ wet days that spoiled our vacation. 之后就是一连串的下雨天,把我们的假期弄得一团糟。 (2)There ______ a series of car accidents at the crossing this morning.今天早晨在十字路口发生 了一连串的交通事故。

5.settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居;安排;解决 settle in/into (使)适应(新的家、工作、环境等),习惯于; 安顿下来 settle down 安居下来;定居,过安定生活,舒适地坐下或 躺下 settle on/upon 同意,决定;在某处停留/栖息 settle down to n./v.-ing get down to n./v.-ing 开始认真做……,专心于…… settle one's affairs 安排/解决好自己的事情 settle a dispute/an argument 解决争端 (1)She ____________ the city after her father's death.父亲去世后她就在城市里定居了。 (2)They __________________ in a friendly way. 他们友好地解决了他们的争端。
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(3)Let's __________________ the work.我们开始工作。 6.suffer vt.& vi. 遭受;忍受;经历 suffering n. (身体、精神上的)痛苦,苦恼、苦难的经历 suffer pain/loss/defeat/punishment/hardship 遭受痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/艰难 suffer from 受……折磨,受……之苦;患……疾病

(1)They _____________ a great loss in the earthquake.在地震中他们蒙受了巨大损失。 (2)I'll _________ this rudeness no longer. 我再也不能忍受这种粗鲁了。 (3)He's ____________ a bad cold.他正患重感冒。 (4)Wars caused ___________ to this country. 战争给这个国家带来了苦难。 7.recover vi.&vt. 痊愈;恢复;重新获得 recovery n. 恢复,复原;复得 recover from sth. 从……中恢复到正常状态 (如健康、神智等) recover sth. from... 从……中找回、重新获得 recover oneself 清醒过来 recover one's health/senses 恢复健康/知觉 (1)Liu Xiang is still __________________ his operation. 手术后,刘翔仍在恢复之中。 (2)He seemed upset but quickly ___________________. 他显得心烦意乱,但很快静下心来。 (3)He has ______ a slow ____________ the strain. 他慢慢从紧张中恢复过来。 8.add up 合计 add sth. up 把……加起来 add up to 加起来共计/达 add...to... 把……加在/上…… add to 增加;增添 add that...补充说 (1)Can you ______ these figures ______? 你能把这些数字加起来吗? (2)All these figures _______________ 5 000. 所有这些数字加起来共计 5 000。 (3)He ______ some sugar ______ the coffee. 他给咖啡里加了些糖。 (4)The bad weather ____________ our difficulty.
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坏天气增加了我们的困难。 (5)He ______ that he was satisfied with the talk. 他补充说他对会谈很满意。

9.go through =experience 经历,经受 =examine carefully 仔细检查 =look through 浏览,翻阅 =pass (through) 通过,经过 =be used up 用完

写出下列各句中 go through 的意思。 (1)We went through hardships while working on this project.________________ (2)The teacher has gone through all the papers of the students. ____________ (3)He has the habit of going through morning papers after getting up.________________ (4)It took us three days to go through the forest.____________ (5)I've gone through my ink.______________ 拓展:break through 冲破 get through 完成,通过 live through 活过…… look through 浏览 cut through 穿过 put through 接通电话 10.set down (1)=write down 写下,记下 (2)=put down 放下,搁下 (3)=stop and allow sb. to get off 让某人下车 (4)=explain or describe to oneself as 解释为,认为 (与 as 连用) (1)Why don't you ______ your ideas ______ on paper? 为什么你不把你的想法写在纸上呢? (2)______ that heavy bag ______ to have a rest. 把那沉重的袋子放下,休息一会儿。 (3)Please ______ me ______ at the next corner. 请在下一个拐角处让我下车。 (4)I ______ the man ______ as a salesman. 我认为那个人是位售货员。 拓展:set about doing sth.开始干某事 (=set out to do sth.)
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set off 开始;出发(=set out);引爆 set out 出发;开始(后接 to do);陈列;阐述 set up 建立,创设,开办 set back 把(钟表指针)往回拨 set aside 留出;不顾;取消 set free 释放;解放 set sb. a good example 为……树立好榜样

二. 易 错 点 拨 自我完善· 误区备考 1. calm/quiet/still/silent 这几个词都与“静”有关,但它们所描述的物体、场合是不同的。 (1)calm 常指“天气平静,无风;海无浪;镇定,无忧虑;镇定自若”,强调外表的平静。 (2)quiet 表示“静止的;宁静的;不激动,没有烦恼、忧虑的”,强调没有干扰,没有兴奋活 动或闹声的“宁静”或“心神安逸”。 (3)still 表示“静止不动的/地”“平静的/地”,突出不发出动作。 (4)silent 表示“声音极小的,沉默的,寡言的”。 (1)Ask the children to make less noise and keep ______. (2)Although she was frightened, she answered in a ______ voice. (3)John is a ______, thoughtful boy. (4)Please stand ______ while I am ready to take the photograph. 2. power/right/strength/force/energy (1)power 主要指做事所依靠的能力、 功能, 也可指人或机器等事物潜在的或发挥出来的力量, 还可指职权、权力或政权。 (2)right 指“权利”。 (3)strength 指固有的潜力。说人时,指“力气”,说物时,指“强度”。 (4)force 主要指自然界的力量;暴力、势力以及法律、道德或感情的力量;军事力量等。 (5)energy 主要指人的精力或自然界中的能量。 (1)You’ll need to apply all your ______ to this job. (2)You have no ______ to treat me like this. (3)Congress has ______ to declare war. (4)The ______ of the explosion broke all the windows. (5)A washing machine is a saver of time and ________. 3. join in/take part in/attend/join (1)join in 指参加正在进行着的活动,如游戏、讨论、辩论、谈话等。也可用 join sb. in doing sth.。 (2)take part in 指参加会议或群众性活动,并在其中发挥一定的作用。part 前若有修饰语,要 加不定冠词。 (3)attend 正式用语,指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、上课、上学、听报告等,重在强调“参与”的
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动作,不强调参加者的作用。 (4)join 指参加某组织或团体,并成为其一员。其宾语往往是 the army/Party/team/club/sb.。 (1)Would you ______ us ______ the game? (2)All the students ______________________ school activities. (3)There are many people __________ the meeting. (4)My brother ______ the army last year.

答案 一..词汇短语过关 1.Am upset about/upset her/upset 2 ignored/ignorant of/in ignorance of 3. with/about/concern/I’m concerned/Concerning 4. a series of/was 5. settled in/settled their quarrel/settle down to 6 suffered/suffer/suffering from/suffering 7. recovering from/recovered himself/made recovery from 8. add up/add up to/added to/added to/added 9. 经历;经受/仔细检查/浏览,翻阅/通过,穿过/用完 10 set down/Set down/set down/set down 二. 易 错 点 拨 1. quiet calm silent still 2. energy right power force
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strength 3. join in took an active part in attending joined

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