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(被动时态的复习)


be ________, Should auld acquaintance ___ forgotten brought and never _______ to mind?

怎能忘记旧日朋友 心中能不怀念

Carol Chan Class (7), Grade 9 2013.11.08

被动语态的使用:

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被动语态是相对于主动语态而言,有“被” “受” “由” 适合用于:不知道或不需要强调动作的施行者时。

? ? ? ?

花被人摘了。 我们受到了很大的鼓舞。 这幅画是昨天画的。 作业都交齐了。

辨别方法:问:谁做的? 不知道! ——用被动! 问:是不是主语“TA”做的? 不! ——用被动

一般现在时的被动结构:

被 动 语 态 的 结 构

am/ is / are 一般过去时的被动结构: was / were 一般将来时的被动结构: willbe be 现在完成时的被动结构: have/ has been 含情态动词的被动结构: can/ may/ must /should be

done

Talk about the song
1)A song was played __________(play) to the student just now. is called 2) The song _________ (call) ―Auld Lang Syne‖ and is loved it _________ (love) by everyone. 3)It ____________ (sing) by Twins 10 years ago. was sung 4)So far, it ________________( sing) by many has been sung famous singers. 5)It _________________ (teach) to us next week. will be taught 6)We __________ (tell) that old friends were told be remembered should _______________(remember) and ___________(bring) to mind. brought

被 动 语 态 否 定 的 结

一般现在时的被动结构:

am/ is / are not 一般过去时的被动结构: was / were not 一般将来时的被动结构: will not be 现在完成时的被动结构: have/ has not been 构 含情态动词的被动结构: can/ may/ must /should not be

done

被 Am/ Is / Are………… 动 一般过去时的被动结构: 语 Was / Were………… 态 一般将来时的被动结构: 疑 Will …. …………. be 问 现在完成时的被动结构: 的 结 Have/ Has …… been

一般现在时的被动结构:

done



含情态动词的被动结构:

Can/ May/ Must /Should … be

The snowman _________________ every year. is made was made _________________ last year. _________________ next year. will be made has been made _____ already _____________. can ______________. be made are made The snowmen _________________ every year. were made _________________ last year. _________________ next year. will be made have been made _____ already _____________. can ______________. be made

Let’s say like this:

do-did-done

plant-planted-planted

choose forget break throw

write hang find draw take sing found keep study turn wash stop

Let’s chant: Regular forms
turn – turned -turned / d / wash-washed-washed / t / stop-stopped-stopped / t / study-studied-studied / id / want - wanted - wanted / id / mend – mended – mended found – founded – founded

sing - sang - sung Irregular keep - kept - kept find - found - found write - wrote - written forget - forgot - forgotten break - broke - broken choose - chose - chosen throw - threw - thrown hang - hung - hung draw - drew - drawn take - took - taken

forms

They plant many trees every year.
主语 宾语

Many trees are planted (by them) every year.
主语 宾语

主语

谓语动词

宾语

主动语态变成被动语态的方法:

1、喧宾夺主:找出句子的主语、谓语(动 词)、宾语,变被动时,主语与宾语的位置 对调。对调后的宾语(原主动句的主语)前 加介词by, 如果是by+代词宾格,常省略。
2、谓语动词变为被动结构be done ,

3、时态于主动句保持一致, 主谓保持一致

e.g: The students planted many trees yesterday.

Many trees were planted (by the students) (by them) yesterday.

Notice:
1、如果主动语态的动词 带有双宾语(直接宾语 和间接宾语),做法有两种。 e.g. He gave me a pen.= He gave a pen to me. I was given a pen by him. A pen was given to me by Him. 注:如保留的宾语是间接宾语,要在被动结构后 添上to , 但make, buy, draw 等谓语动词要添 上介词for。 e.g. She bought me a new bike. = She bought a new bike for me. I was bought a new bike (by her). A new bike was bought for me (by her).

2、在被动语态的句子里,表示“感观”的动词,如 see, hear , notice, watch,feel 和使役动词,如 make let, have等后面跟着的宾语补足语要省去to, 但变成被动语态时要还原to.

e.g. I often hear her A (主动) D She is often heard (被动) A. sing B. sang C. sung D. to sing see / hear sb. do ---- sb. be seen/ heard to do make sb. do ---- sb. be made to do

e.g.

3、 动词是一个短语,在被动语态时要视为一 个整体,短语的介词或副词不能省略。

We must take good care of our books. Our books must be taken good care of .
You should look out for the cars. The cars should be looked out for.

Fill in the blank:
1) He looked after the house when we were away. The house was ____ ____ ____ him when we were ___ looked after by away. 2) They made the workers work all day. The workers were _____ ___ work all day. ____ made to ____ 3) Her father often takes her to the park. ___ is She ___ often _____ to the park by her father. taken 4) They can sing English songs. English songs ___ ___ sung by them. can be ____ ____ 5) His thoughts influence us. we ___ ___________ ___ his _________. are influenced by ___ thoughts.

昨天,我获选去介绍我们的学校, 以下是我的发言稿。 1. 我的学校叫张槎中学。它成立(found)于 1956。 2. 校园很漂亮,四周种满了树,到处挂满了漂亮 的照片和图片。 其中一些照片是由学生拍摄的,有些图片是学 生画的。 3. 每天,校园都被打扫得干干净净,校园内放着 (place)很多垃圾桶(dustbin),禁止乱扔 (throw about)垃圾(rubbish/ litter)。 4. 放学后,门窗和灯都要关好。 5. 到目前为止,已经建起了三幢高楼。其中一幢 用于教学。另一幢新的教学楼将于明年兴建。

Writing:

Step 1: 找出动词,写出 do – did – done Step 2: 辨别时态——一般现在?过去?将来?现在 完成? 含情态动词? Step 3: 看主语,辨别语态: do? be done? Step 4: 写出简单句: 主+ 谓语+宾 +地点+时间 Step 5: (能力提升) 根据逻辑关系,写出复合句。

Homework:

1.Finish the composition.
2.Finish <被动语态专项练习>


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