be ________, Should auld acquaintance ___ forgotten brought and never _______ to mind?
Carol Chan Class (7), Grade 9 2013.11.08
被动语态是相对于主动语态而言，有“被” “受” “由” 适合用于：不知道或不需要强调动作的施行者时。
? ? ? ?
花被人摘了。 我们受到了很大的鼓舞。 这幅画是昨天画的。 作业都交齐了。
辨别方法：问：谁做的？ 不知道！ ——用被动！ 问：是不是主语“TA”做的？ 不！ ——用被动
被 动 语 态 的 结 构
am/ is / are 一般过去时的被动结构： was / were 一般将来时的被动结构： willbe be 现在完成时的被动结构： have/ has been 含情态动词的被动结构： can/ may/ must /should be
Talk about the song
1）A song was played __________(play) to the student just now. is called 2) The song _________ (call) ―Auld Lang Syne‖ and is loved it _________ (love) by everyone. 3）It ____________ (sing) by Twins 10 years ago. was sung 4）So far, it ________________( sing) by many has been sung famous singers. 5）It _________________ (teach) to us next week. will be taught 6）We __________ (tell) that old friends were told be remembered should _______________(remember) and ___________(bring) to mind. brought
被 动 语 态 否 定 的 结
am/ is / are not 一般过去时的被动结构： was / were not 一般将来时的被动结构： will not be 现在完成时的被动结构： have/ has not been 构 含情态动词的被动结构： can/ may/ must /should not be
被 Am/ Is / Are………… 动 一般过去时的被动结构： 语 Was / Were………… 态 一般将来时的被动结构： 疑 Will …. …………. be 问 现在完成时的被动结构： 的 结 Have/ Has …… been
Can/ May/ Must /Should … be
The snowman _________________ every year. is made was made _________________ last year. _________________ next year. will be made has been made _____ already _____________. can ______________. be made are made The snowmen _________________ every year. were made _________________ last year. _________________ next year. will be made have been made _____ already _____________. can ______________. be made
Let’s say like this:
choose forget break throw
write hang find draw take sing found keep study turn wash stop
Let’s chant: Regular forms
turn – turned -turned / d / wash-washed-washed / t / stop-stopped-stopped / t / study-studied-studied / id / want - wanted - wanted / id / mend – mended – mended found – founded – founded
sing - sang - sung Irregular keep - kept - kept find - found - found write - wrote - written forget - forgot - forgotten break - broke - broken choose - chose - chosen throw - threw - thrown hang - hung - hung draw - drew - drawn take - took - taken
They plant many trees every year.
Many trees are planted (by them) every year.
1、喧宾夺主：找出句子的主语、谓语（动 词）、宾语，变被动时，主语与宾语的位置 对调。对调后的宾语（原主动句的主语）前 加介词by, 如果是by+代词宾格，常省略。
2、谓语动词变为被动结构be done ，
e.g: The students planted many trees yesterday.
Many trees were planted （by the students） (by them) yesterday.
1、如果主动语态的动词 带有双宾语（直接宾语 和间接宾语），做法有两种。 e.g. He gave me a pen.= He gave a pen to me. I was given a pen by him. A pen was given to me by Him. 注：如保留的宾语是间接宾语，要在被动结构后 添上to ， 但make, buy, draw 等谓语动词要添 上介词for。 e.g. She bought me a new bike. = She bought a new bike for me. I was bought a new bike (by her). A new bike was bought for me (by her).
2、在被动语态的句子里，表示“感观”的动词,如 see, hear , notice, watch,feel 和使役动词，如 make let, have等后面跟着的宾语补足语要省去to， 但变成被动语态时要还原to.
e.g. I often hear her A (主动） D She is often heard （被动） A. sing B. sang C. sung D. to sing see / hear sb. do ---- sb. be seen/ heard to do make sb. do ---- sb. be made to do
3、 动词是一个短语,在被动语态时要视为一 个整体，短语的介词或副词不能省略。
We must take good care of our books. Our books must be taken good care of .
You should look out for the cars. The cars should be looked out for.
Fill in the blank:
1) He looked after the house when we were away. The house was ____ ____ ____ him when we were ___ looked after by away. 2) They made the workers work all day. The workers were _____ ___ work all day. ____ made to ____ 3) Her father often takes her to the park. ___ is She ___ often _____ to the park by her father. taken 4) They can sing English songs. English songs ___ ___ sung by them. can be ____ ____ 5) His thoughts influence us. we ___ ___________ ___ his _________. are influenced by ___ thoughts.
昨天，我获选去介绍我们的学校， 以下是我的发言稿。 1. 我的学校叫张槎中学。它成立（found）于 1956。 2. 校园很漂亮，四周种满了树，到处挂满了漂亮 的照片和图片。 其中一些照片是由学生拍摄的，有些图片是学 生画的。 3. 每天，校园都被打扫得干干净净，校园内放着 （place）很多垃圾桶（dustbin），禁止乱扔 (throw about)垃圾(rubbish/ litter)。 4. 放学后，门窗和灯都要关好。 5. 到目前为止，已经建起了三幢高楼。其中一幢 用于教学。另一幢新的教学楼将于明年兴建。
Step 1: 找出动词，写出 do – did – done Step 2: 辨别时态——一般现在？过去？将来？现在 完成？ 含情态动词？ Step 3: 看主语，辨别语态: do? be done? Step 4: 写出简单句： 主+ 谓语+宾 +地点+时间 Step 5: (能力提升） 根据逻辑关系，写出复合句。
1.Finish the composition.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。