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【优化方案】2014届高考英语(大纲版)一轮复习配套课件:Unit12 Education(必修3)


Unit 12

Education 教 育

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本讲目录

基 础 盘 点 自 测 自 评

考 点 串 讲 讲 练 互 动

强 化 训 练 知 能 闯 关

基础盘点自测自评
核心单词
absent 1.P

rofessor Li is____________(不在的),so I have to take the place of him. donate 2.The government calls on the youth to____________ (捐献)their blood voluntarily. profession 3.His ability carried him to the top of his____________ (职业). advocate 4.Do you____________(提倡)keeping all children at school till the age of sixteen?
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selected 5.She____________(选择)a diamond ring from the collection. schedule 6.He could have finished it on____________(计划表), but somehow he fell behind. expanded 7.Our country’s foreign trade has____________(扩大) during recent years. 8.用distribute的适当形式填空: distributed (1)But its wealth was____________unfairly among the population. distribution (2)The Red Cross is in charge of the____________of food and

clothing to the flood victims.
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高频短语
in 1.result ____________ 产生某种作用或结果 attach 2.____________ importance to 重视 sceptical 3.be ____________ of 对??表示怀疑 as 4.____________ a result 结果 with 5.to begin ____________ 首先;第一;起初 out 6.drop ____________ (of) (从活动、竞赛等中)退出;辍学 out 7.spread ____________ 展开 in 8.take ____________ 吸收

in 9.____________ other aspects 在其他方面

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典型句式
It is reported that 1.________________________99% of school- children age in China attended primary school by 2004.
据报道,在2004年,中国99%的学龄儿童都可以上小学. 2.In some cultures parents are particularly unwilling to

send their daughters to school because the custom is to rather than educate boys____________________girls.
在受某些文化影响的地方,家长尤其不愿意送他们的女儿去 上学,因为传统习俗是让男孩接受教育而不是女孩。

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To begin with 3.____________________,it is important to create a positive attitude.首先,重要的是要抱一种积极的态度。

4.They do not like to sit still for long periods of time and it sometimes find____________hard to concentrate when
reading or listening.他们不喜欢长时间地静坐,在阅读或听 课时,他们发现有时会很难集中精力。

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考点串讲讲练互动
单词精研
1.load (1)n.负载物,负担;装载量,负荷 ?loads of许多;大量 ? ?bear the load负重 ? ?take a load off sb.’s mind使某人如释重负 ①She is under great pressure from heavy study loads. 面对沉重的学业负担,她压力很大。 ②(牛津 P1185)She thought she would not be able to bear the load of bringing up her family alone. 她认为她无法独自一人担负起养家的重任。
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③(牛津 P1185)Knowing that they had arrived safely took a load off my mind.得知他们平安到达后我如释重负。 (2)v.装载;加重;把弹药装入(枪、炮) ?load up把??装上/装进运输工具 ? ?load...with...装载;装满?? ? ?load...into/onto把??装入/装到??里/上 ④The table was loaded with many kinds of delicious food. 餐桌上摆满了各式各样的美味食品。 ⑤How long will it take to load the coal into the truck? 装这车煤需要多长时间?

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【高效记忆】

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[即境活用] 1.The workers are loading the goods________a car,that is,they’re loading the car________goods. A.with;with B.into;into

C.into;with

D.with;into

解析:选C。考查load的用法。load sth.into...把??装入; load sth.with sth.用??装载??,故选C。

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2.obtain

vt.

取得;获得

(教材P107)Learning style theory suggests that different people have different ways of obtaining information... 学习方式理论指出不同的人们有着不同的获取信息的方法 ?? ①(牛津P1376)I finally managed to obtain a copy of the report. 我终于设法弄到了这份报告的一个副本。

②Some countries obtain large sums of foreign exchange from
tourism.有些国家靠旅游业赚取大量外汇。 ③We can obtain information through a variety of ways.

我们可以通过多种渠道获取信息。
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[即境活用] 2.Learning a foreign language is a question of learning new skills,of________new knowledge. A.attaining B.achieving

C.obtaining

D.acquiring

解析:选D。acquire指经过一点点积累而获得,如知识、技 能等的获得;attain常用于一般人不易达到的目的;achieve 指达到既定目标或实现某种意愿;obtain通常指经过努力而 得到,强调达到目的。
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3.expand
vt.

vi.

扩大;增加;增强

使变大;使增强

(教材P103)China’s large population meant that the schools had to expand to take in many more students. 中国众多的人口意味着学校要扩招更多的学生。 ①(牛津P698)Student numbers are expanding rapidly. 学生人数在迅速增加。 ②(牛津P698)A child’s vocabulary expands through reading. 孩子的词汇量通过阅读得到扩大。 ③(牛津P698)We’ve expanded the business by opening two more stores.我们增开了两个商店以扩展业务。
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归纳拓展 expand on/upon详细说明

expand in...在??方面膨胀
expand into...扩展成为??,膨胀成??

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[即境活用] B 3.The company has________its business in Thailand by building a new factory there. A.obtained B.expanded

C.declined

D.improved

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4.suit vt.

适合于

(教材P107)They select a variety of activities to suit their students’ different learning styles.他们选择了多种多样的活动

来适合于他们学生不同的学习方式。
①(朗文P2064)It takes time to find a college that will suit your child’s needs.找到一个能满足你孩子需要的大学得花时间.

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归纳拓展 suit sb.fine很适合某人 suit...to...使适合

be well suited to do sth.非常适合做某事
②—Eight o’clock? —That suits me fine.

——八点钟行吗?
——行,我没问题。 ③(朗文P2064)She had the ability to suit her performances to

the audience.她能使自己的演出适合不同的观众。

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[易混辨析]

fit,suit,match

表示服装等大小、尺寸合适;后常接人作宾 fit 语,表示“合身”。 强调款式、颜色等合适;还可用于表示某时 suit 间、安排、状况、条件、需要口味等对某人 适合。 与??匹配,强调一物与另一物相配,多指 mat 颜色、款式、风格、材料等方面相协调或相 ch 匹配。

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④When and where will it suit your convenience for our next meeting?我们下次见面何时何地对你方便? ⑤The suit fits Karen Mok nicely on the close night of the 12th Shanghai International Film Festival.莫文蔚在第12届上 海国际电影节闭幕式穿的衣服非常合适。

⑥The color of the curtains doesn’t match that of the sofa.
窗帘颜色和沙发颜色不相配。

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[即境活用]

4.—How about seven o’clock outside the park?
—That________me fine. A.satisfies C.meets B.suits D.fits

解析:选B。考查动词词义辨析。satisfy使满足,使满意;

suit sb.适合某人;meet sb.遇见某人;fit sb.指大小、尺寸适
合某人。

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5.donate

vt.

捐赠,赠送

(教材P104)Corporations and private citizens also donate

money through the Hope Project.
公司和个人也通过希望工程捐钱。 ①(朗文P602)There is no risk of getting AIDS when donating blood.献血不会染上艾滋病。

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归纳拓展 (1)donate sth.to sb./sth.向某人/事捐献某物 ?donation n.捐献;捐赠;捐款,捐赠物 ? (2)?give/make/present a donation to...捐赠?? ? ?send a donation to...把捐款寄至?? ②Last year he donated 100,000 dollars to cancer research. 去年他捐赠 10 万美元支持癌症研究工作。 ③The work of the charity is funded by voluntary donations. 这家慈善机构工作所需资金是人们自愿捐赠的。 ④All the donation was sent to the earthquake striken areas.所有捐赠物都送往地震灾区了。
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[即境活用] 5.完成句子 如果大多数能赚钱自立的人把一天的工资捐给希望工程的 话,事情就很有希望了。 donate a day’s pay to If most breadwinners_______________________ the Hope Project,then it will be hopeful.

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6.result in

产生某种作用或结果

(教材P103)In China most citizens live in the eastern areas and this results in large class sizes.在中国大多数公民居住在东部 地区,这导致了班级人数很多。

①His hard work resulted in excellent grades in his exams.
他的努力使他在考试中取得了优异的成绩。 ②His carelessness resulted in failure.他的粗心造成了失败.

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归纳拓展

result from...由??造成;因??而产生
as a result结果 as a result of...由于??的结果 with the result that...其结果是?? without result没有结果;白费 ③However,pollution and other serious problems have also resulted from human progress. 但是,人类的发展也产生了污染和其他严重的问题。

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④(牛津P1702)He made one big mistake,and,as a result, lost his job.他犯了个大错,结果丢了工作。 ⑤About 21 million people died during the 1990s as a result

of smoking.20世纪90年代约有2100万人死于吸烟。
⑥He has tried very hard to find a job,until now without result.他努力找工作,但直到现在仍毫无结果。

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[即境活用] 6.There in the corner happened an accident,

B which________the death of two passengers.
A.resulted from C.led from B.resulted in D.led in

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句型精析
(教材P103)In some cultures parents are particularly unwilling to

send their daughters to school because the custom is to educate
boys rather than girls. 在受某些文化影响的地方,家长尤其不愿意送他们的女儿去上 学,因为传统习俗是让男孩接受教育而不是女孩。

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[句法分析] rather than意为“而不是??;不如说是”。表示一种客观 的选择,其前后多为相同的句法结构,即连接两个同等的成 分,如主语、谓语、宾语等。有时可分开使用,即构成 rather...than...结构。 ①He was engaged in writing a letter rather than reading the newspaper.他那时是在写信而不是在看报纸。

②It was what he had eaten rather than what he had drunk
that made him ill. 使他得病的不是他喝的东西,而是他吃的东西。

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归纳拓展 ?1?would rather do sth.than do sth.? ?宁愿做?? would do sth.rather than do sth. ? ?而不愿做?? prefer to do sth.rather than do sth. ? (2)more than 超过;不仅仅 other than 除了 ③Rather than go there by air, like to take the slowest I’d train.我宁愿乘最慢的火车也不愿乘飞机去那儿。

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[即境活用] 7.(2013· 包头模拟)I prefer________with a pen rather than________on the computer,because I type so slowly. A.write;type B.write;to type C.to write;type D.to write;to type 解析:选C。句意:因为我打字很慢,所以我宁愿用手写也

不愿用电脑打字。prefer to do rather than do是固定句型,
“宁愿??也不??”。

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强化训练知能闯关

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