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高中英语状语从句讲解及练习 (1)


状语从句 状语从句在句中作状语,可分为:时间、条件、让步、原因、目的、结果、比 较、地点、方式状语从句。 一、 时间状语从句 引导时间状语从句的连词有:when, as, while, until, not…until, before, after, since, the minute, the moment, each( every, next, the first) time

等。 时间状语从句中一般用 一般现在时或一般过去时。 1. When , while, as 都可解释为“当```的时候”但侧重点有所不同。 1) When Eg: When I arrived home , I had a little rest. 注意点: when 从句的主语与主句主语相同,谓语动词是 be 动词时,从句主语和 be 可以 省略。 Eg: When (she was) walking along the street, she met her class teacher. 2) As As 除了表示“当```的时候”,还可表示为“一面```一面”,“随着” Eg: He sang as he danced.(一面```一面) You will grow wiser as you grow older.(随着) 3) While 表示“当```的时候”强调主句的动作和从句的动作同时发生,从句一般 用进行时,从句动词必须是延续性动词。 Eg: While we were working, they were having a rest. While (they were) having a discussion, they got very confused. 注意点: while 有对比的含义,解释为“然而”。 eg: I prefer black tee, while he likes coffee. 2. until, not…until 表示“直到```才”,在肯定句中主句常用延续性动词; 在否定句 中主句常用短暂性动词。 肯定句:I waited until midnight. 否定句:I did not leave until midnight. 注意点: 1)not until…在句首,主句用倒装 eg: Not until you had explained how did I manage to do it. 2) It is not until…that…引导的强调句 It was not until it was dark that he came back. 3. the minute, the moment, each time 都可表示“一```就```” eg: The worker recognized the type of the machine the moment he saw it. 注意点: the minute, the moment, each ( every, next, the first) time 作连词不和 when 连用。 4.Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than, as soon as 表示为“一```就```” eg: I had hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain. I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. It began to rain as soon as I got home. 注意点:Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than 位于句首,主句用倒装 eg: Had I hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain.

No sooner had I got home than it began to rain. 二 条件状语从句 条件状语从句分为两大类: 真实条件句和虚拟条件句。引导条件状语从句的连词 有:if, even if/though, unless/ if …not, as long as/ so long as, as far as/so far as, provided/providing (that), on condition that 等。条件状语从句中如果主句是将来 时,条件状语从句用一般现在时。 1. unless 和 if…not unless 相当于 if…not eg: You will fail unless you study hard. You will not fail if you study hard. 注意点: 在虚拟条件句中可用 if…not,但不能用 unless eg: If she were not too silly,she would understand. 2. 引导条件状语从句的其它连词: Eg: You may go there ,as long as you keep quite. Eg: I shall give you the book on condition that you return it tomorrow. Eg: I will go provided that you go too. 三 让步状语从句 引导让步状语从句的连词有:though, although, even if/ though, however, no matter how, no matter what, no matter who 等。 1. though, although 不可与 but 连用,但可以和 yet , still 连用. Eg: Though/Although it is raining ,they are still running outside. 注意点: 1)though 可引导倒装(although 不引导倒装),结构为: 强调对象+as/though+主语+其它成分,强调对象可为表语(名词、形容词)或状 语(副词) ,表语为名词时,前面不用冠词。 Child as/ though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. Tired as he is, he goes on with his work. 2)despite 和 in spite of 也有让步意义,后接名词或动词,而 though, although 是连词,后接从句。 Eg: Despite /In spite of wanting to see him again, she refused to reply to his letter. Though/although she wanted to see him again, she refused to reply to his letter. 2. “no matter+疑问词”或“疑问词+后缀 ever” eg: No matter what happened, he would not mind. Whatever happened, he would not mind. 注意点:no matter+疑问词不能引导名词性从句 3. even if/ though 表示“即使” eg: He doesn’t want to marry her even if/ though he loves her very much. 四 原因状语从句 引导原因状语从句的连词有:because, since, as , now that ,considering that, for the reason that , due to the fact that,owing to the fact that 等 1.because because 语气最强,通常用于回答 why 提出的问题 注意点:

在 it was…that… 的强调结构中,强调原因状语从句可用 because 引导,不用 since,as, for 引导。 Eg: It is because she is too inexperienced that she does not know how to deal with the situation. 2. since 和 as since 的语气比 because 弱,比 as 强,表示间接的,已知的原因,自然的结果, 表示“既然,由于”。 Eg: As/ Since you are not very well, you had better have a rest. 3.for 当 for 表示原因关系时,for 分句是对第一分句内容的推断或猜测。 Eg: It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet now. 五 目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句的连词有: so that, in order that, lest, in case, for fear that 等。 Eg: You must speak louder so that/in order that you can be heard by all. He wrote the name down for fear that he should forget it. Better take more clothes in case the weather is cold. 注意点:lest, in case, for fear that 所引导的状语从句中,动词可以用虚拟语气,形 式为 should+动词原形,也可不用虚拟语气,用动词的一般现在时或一般过去时。 Eg: You had better leave the key at home in case one of us should think of/thinks of coming back. 六 结果状语从句 引导结果状语从句的连词有: so that, so…that, such…that 等 eg: He is so young that he can not go to school. He is such a young boy that he can not go to school. 1.常用句型: so+形容词/副词+that 从句 so+形容词+a/an+单数可数名词+that 从句 such +a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+that 从句 such +形容词+复数可数名词/不可数名词+that 从句 2. so 和 such 的搭配规律 such 修饰名词或名词词组, so 修饰形容词或副词,so 还可接 many, few, much, little 等。 Eg: so foolish such a fool so nice a flower such a nice flower so many/few flowers such nice flowers so much/little money such rapid progress so many people such a lot of people 七 比较状语从句 引导比较状语从句的连词有:as…as, than, not so…as, the more…the more 等 如: He speaks English as fluently as his brother (does)

I can’t jump so /as high as he (does) There are more workers in this factory than in the one next to it . The more you read, the more interesting , you will find the novel is . 连接词 than 可作为关系代词用。 He wrote more than was necessary Don’t carry more money than is needed 八地点状语从句 引导地点状语从句的连词有:where, wherever 以及 where 构成的复合词等 eg: She found her calculator where she lost it. Wherever I am, I will miss you. 注意点: eg: I happened to see your dictionary lie where I used it last time.(地点状语从句) I happened to see your dictionary lie in the lab where I used it last time.(定语从 句) 九 方式状语从句 引导方式状语从句的连接词有 as, just as, as if / though(一般用虚拟语气, 也有 用直陈语气的)等。 EG:Just do as you are told. The workers went on working as if nothing had happened. He talked to the girl as though he had fallen in love with her. 在 just as ---, so --- 结构中, as 带有比喻含义。 意为“正如”, 多用于正式 文体。 EG:Just as some people like sports, so some people like music. the way 也可引导方式状语从句 。 EG:you should operate the machine the way I do . 基础题 1. We'd better hurry ______ it is getting dark. A. and B. but C. as D. unless 2. I didn' t manage to do it _____ you had explained how. A. until B. unless C. when D. before 3._____ he comes, we won't be able to go. A. Without B. Unless C. Except D. Even 4. I hurried _____ I wouldn't be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 5. _____ I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. A. Every time B. Though C. Even D. Where 6. What's the matter _____ they still haven't answered the telegram? A. when B. that C. though D. however 7. Bring it nearer _____ I may see it better. A. although B. even though C. so that D. since 如:

8. You may arrive in Beijing early _____ you mind taking the night train. A. that B. though C. unless D. if 9. Helen listened carefully _____ she might discover exactly what she needed. A. in that B. in order that C. in case D. even though 10. More people will eat out in restaurants _____ they do today. A. than B. when C. while D. as 11._____ hard she tries, she can hardly avoid making mistakes in her homework. A. Much B. However C. As D. Although 12. Poor _____ it may be, there is no place like home, _____ you may go. A. as; wherever B. though; whenever C. in spite of; when D. that; wherever 13. The child was __ immediately after supper. A. enough tired to go to bed B. too tired to go to bed C. so tired that he went to bed D. very tired, he went to bed 14. The history of nursing __ the history of man. A. as old as B. is old than C. that is as old as D. is as old as 15. _____ born in Chicago, the author was famous for his stories about New York. A. Since B. Once C. When D. Although 16._____ we stood at the top of the building, the people below were hardly visible. A. As B. Although C. Unless D. In spite of 17. Scarcely was George Washington in his teens _____ his father died. A. than B. as C. while D. when 18. _____ David goes, he is welcome. A. Whichever B. However C. Wherever D. Whatever 19. The house stood _____ there had been a rock. A. which B. at which C. when D. where 20. Small _____ it is, the pen is a most useful tool. A. because B. so C. if D. as 21. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced _____ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as 22. The piano in the other shop will be _____, but _____. A. cheaper; not as better B. more cheap; not as better C. cheaper; not as good D. more cheap; not as good 23. John plays football _____, if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 24. Although he is considered a great writer, A. his works are not widely read B. but his works are not widely read C. however his works are not widely read D. still his works are not widely read 25. ___ the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 26.—What was the party like? —Wonderful. It' s years _____ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. when C. before D. since 27. It was not _____ she took off her dark glasses _____ I realized she was a famous film star. A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when D. when; then 28. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, _____ great it is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever 29. After the war, a new school building was put up _____ there had once been a theatre.

A. that B. where C. which D. when 30._____, Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is 1-5 CABBA 6-10 BCCBD 11-15 BACDD 16-20 ADCDD 21-25 CCBAD 26-30 DBCBD 提高题 1. —Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don’t mind where we go ______ there’s sun, sea and beach. (2008 全国 I 卷) A. as if B. as long as C. now that D. in order that 2. -----Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you. -----Ok, ______ you make it short. (2008 安徽卷) A. now that B. if only C. so long as D. every time 3. All the neighbor admire this family _________the parents are treating their child like a friend. (2008 安徽卷) A. why B. where C. which D. that 4. Nancy enjoyed herself so much ______ she visited her friends in Sydney last year. (2008 福建卷) A. that B. which C. when D. where 5. _____ the Internet is of great help. I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. (2008 湖南卷) A. If B. While C. Because D. As 6. He found it increasingly difficult to read, ______ his eyesight was beginning to fail. (2008 山东卷) A. though B. for C. but D. so 7. You’d better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. (2008 山东卷) A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 8. ______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. (2008 辽宁卷) A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever D. However 9. I used to love that film ______ I was a child, but I don’t feel it that way any more. (2008 辽宁卷) A. once B. when C. since D. although 10. A small car is big enough for a family of three ____ you need more space for baggage. (2008 全国 II) A. once B. because C. if D. unless 11. There were some chairs left over _____ everyone had sat down. (四川卷) A. when B. until C. that D. where 12. Don’t promise anything ______ you are one hundred percent sure. (2008 浙江 卷) A. whether B. after C. how D. unless 13. —Did you return Fred’s call? (2008 北京卷) —I didn’t need to ____ I’ll see him tomorrow. A. though B. unless C. when D. because

14. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ____ Brian get back. (2008 北京卷) A. before B. since C. till D. after 15. We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday _____ it rains or it’s very cold. (2008 天津卷) A. since B. if C. unless D. until 16. ---Are you ready for Spain?(2008 上海卷) --Yes, I want the girls to experience that ___ they are young. A. while B. until C. if D. before 17. ___ well prepared you are , you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing. (2008 上海卷) A. however B. whatever C. no matter D. although 18. ____ he had not hurt his leg, John would have won the race. [2007 全国卷 II] A. If B. Since C. Though D. When 19. Pop music is such an important part of society ______ it has even influenced our language. [2007 上海卷] A. as B. that C. which D. where 20. Small sailboats can easily turn over in the water ______ they are not managed carefully. [2007 上海卷] A. though B. before C. until D. if 1-5BCBCB 6-10 BCDBD 11-15ADDAC 16-20 AAABD


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