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广东高考英语基础写作 建议信


2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信

建议信写作
一、基础写作的内容分类 1.应用文(欢迎词,建议信,投诉信,应聘信,日记,通知,便条,遗失招领启 事,海报) 2. 人物写照 3. 地方介绍 4. 调查报告(2007 广东卷:谁是你的偶像) 5. 事物介绍(2008 广东卷:奥运比赛项目射击) 6. 新闻采访(2009 近视问题

;2010 政府禁烟) 7. 看图写作(社会现象或寓言、成语故事) 8. 图表说明(表格,柱状图,曲线图,扇形图 如:近 10 年我国私人汽车拥有量的变化) 二、实例分析(2010 深圳五校联考基础写作)
在紧张的高三备考阶段,各校为了确保教学质量,除了早读和晚自习以外,每天至少要 上 9 节课,甚至周末都要上课,学生们有大量的作业要完成,感到非常疲倦。为此,校学生 会根据学生的实际情况,给校长写了封信,表达你们的需求和建议。 a)适当减少课时,留出思考时间 b)反复训练重要、易错知识点,培养能力 c)减少作业量以保证质量 d)少些批评,多些鼓励 注意:短文开头已给出(不算入要求的 5 句话里) 。 No. 42 Zhongshan Road, Shenzhen City, Guangdong China June 8,2012 Dear Principal, We are writing to say out what we are thinking about the preparation for the entrance examination in senior three. 1)In order to guarantee the teaching quality in the course of the general revision, we senior three students at least have 9 periods each day apart from morning and evening classes. 2) Besides, we have got a lot of homework to do, which makes us exhausted. 3) According to the real situation of us students, we think that it is necessary to reduce the amount of periods and leave us time to think by ourselves. 4)Meanwhile, give us more practice on those important and confusing points to cultivate our ability to deal with problems. 5) Furthermore, reduce daily homework to assure the quality and give us less criticism but more encouragement, which we think will be beneficial to us all. We do hope that you can take our opinions into consideration. Thanks. Yours Students’ Union

讨论:
1. 建议信的内容安排 信头 ____________________________________________________________________ 称呼 ____________________________________________________________________ 第 1,2 句 __________________ 第 3,4,5 句 __________________ 结束语 __________________________________________________________________ 签名 ____________________________________________________________________ 2. 时 态 __________________ 3. 人 称 __________________ 4. 语言特征 __________________

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2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信

技巧点拨
1. 概念:建议信是向收信人对某事提出写信人的建议和忠告。 2. 分类: 1)写给个人,就其遇到的某个问题提出自己的看法和观点; 2)写给某个组织和机构,就改进其服务提出建议或忠告。 3. 内容安排:1)开门见山地写出写信的原因、背景;2)建议的内容及提出建议的理由 4. 语言特征: 1)建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、具有合理性和说服力。 2)提出的理由要入情入理,语气一定要礼貌当先。 5. 注意事项 1)建议信要写出写信的原因,建议的内容,提出建议的理由,提出的理由要入情入理, 语气一定要礼貌当先。因此建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、具有合理性和说服力 2)建议的角度要多样化,避免重复。可从政治、经济、文化、伦理、法律以及个人等 多角度给出建议。 3)符合英文信件的基本格式 4)语言要委婉、礼貌,顾及对方感受。

三、常用写作句型
表对对方的情况表示理解,并乐意帮忙: I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to … I’m very glad to hear that you want to… and give you some suggestions on how to… It is my pleasure to do… I’m willing to give a hand to you. After I read your letter in the newspaper, I am sorry to know that … I know you have trouble in…after reading your letter I am writing to you for the purpose of ----I am writing to share some advice with you. I am writing to express my views concerning… You have asked me for my advice on…and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions. Thanks for trusting me. Regarding…, I’d like to make some suggestions. 2. 提建议的句式 It is useful / helpful / important / necessary…for you to do… It should be a good idea for you to do… It will certainly help a lot to do sth / It also helps to do sth It does harm to sb / sth = It is harmful to… …benefits … = … be beneficial to …= …do good to… I think it would be more beneficial if you could … In my opinion, it would be better if you do… As far as I’m concerned/As for me, it would be wise to take the following action. I would like to suggest/recommend that… If I were you, I would… I wonder if you have considered the following tips. I feel that it would be more beneficial if you could … When it comes to such a situation, I would like to suggest that you should… You may consider doing… 3. 表意见并列的连词 表先后次序: First, second, third….Finally 1.
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2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信 Firstly, secondly,…eventually to begin with/ to start with, at last 递进关系: furthermore; moreover; besides; meanwhile; in other words; at the same time; 4.建议信结尾常用句式 I believe you will take my advice into account/consideration. I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions/recommendations practical/useful/helpful. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. I would appreciate it very much if you could consider my suggestions. I feel that it would be beneficial if you stick to it. In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions useful. I would be ready to discuss this matter in further details. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this matter. If you have any more problem, please feel free to contact me at any time. I’m willing to discuss this matter with you whenever you need. 四、写作模板

写作模板一
Dear Bob, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to (引出主题). Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to then, it also helps to . besides, it should be a good idea to . You can also . ( 提出建议) As to , I suggest (有时根据需要具体到某一反面). In addition, (其他建议). I'm sure (预测可能的结果, 给对方以行动的信心和决心). I'm looking forward to (表达愿望). Sincerely yours, Li Hua

写作模板二
Dear _____, You have asked me for my tips concerning_____(问题), and I will try to make some suggestions here. As far as I’m concerned, it would be wise to take the following actions: First, _______(建议一); in addition_____(建议二); what’s more _____(建议三). I hope you’ll find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you about further details. Good luck with you! Yours sincerely, Li Ming 五、实战演练 广州某电视台打算开办一个面向中学生观 众的英语节目, 新聘任了来自英国的 John 作为节目编辑助理。现在, John 就节目内容向广 大中学生征求意见。 [写作内容] 假如你是学生李华, 建议开办“广州全接触” (All-round Guangzhou)节目。请根据以下节 目设想给 John 写信:

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2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信 节目内容 播放时间 其他设想 开办理由 预期效果 介绍广州的历史、教育、著名景点、饮食、名人 每周六、日,方便学生周末观看 邀请中学生参加节目,提高学生的收看兴趣 1、中学生可以更多地了解广州文化,以便向外国游客介绍广州 2、有助于提高中学生的英语水平 将会受到中学生的欢迎

Dear John, I know you’re going to set up an English program for middle school students. So I’m writing to suggest a program — “All-round Guangzhou”. ... I hope you can take my suggestion into consideration. Sincerely yours, Li Hua [例题导写] 1、审题:养成重视审题的习惯。虽然基础写作题是半封闭性的,但审题仍然十分重要。 文章的体裁 文章的主题 第几人称 时态 语气 建议信,应用文 建议开办节目 第一人称 一般现在时、将来时 委婉

2、信息重组。我们可以把题中信息整合成以下 5 个汉语句子: ①节目包括广州的历史、教育、著名景点、饮食、名人。 ②建议每周六、日举办,方便学生周末观看。 ③建议邀请中学生参加节目, 激发学生的收看兴趣。 ④这个可以使中学生更多地了解广州文化, 还有助于提高中学生的英语水平, 这样他们就能 向外国游客介绍广州。 ⑤我肯定这个节目一定会收到中学生的欢迎。 词语翻译 翻译或完成下列词或短语。 句 1: cover / include (1)包括……(节目) _____________ (2)历史,教育,景点 ,饮食,名人 History, education, scenic spots / tourist attractions, food, famous people / ____________________________________________________________celebrities 句 3: (3) 激发某人的兴趣 spark / stimulate / arouse one’s interest ____________________________________ 句 4: improve one’s English (4)提高英语水平______________________ 句 5: (5)受到欢迎 be popular among/with sb. / be well-received ______________________________________by/be welcomed by 3、难句翻译。 翻译下列每组句子并合并成一句。 句 2:(1) (这个节目将于)每周六、日(播放)。 (1) It would be better to broadcast it on weekends. / I suggest that the program be broadcast on weekends. / It is a good idea to broadcast it on weekends.
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2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信 2)方便学生周末观看。 (2)We students can have the chance to watch it. /It will be convenient for us students to watch it. 合并:It would be better to broadcast it on weekends so that we students can have the chance to watch it.(因果关系, 可以使用 so... that...句型) 句 3:(3) (你也可以)邀请中学生参加节目。 (3)You can also invite some middle school students to get involved in / take part in the program. (4) (这个节目可以)提高学生的收看兴趣。 (4) It will surely arouse /spark /stimulate other students’ interest in it. 合并:You can also invite some middle school students to get involved in / take part in the program, which will surely arouse / spark / stimulate other students’ interest in it.(补充说明关系, 可以使用 which 非限制性定语从句) 句 4:(5)(这个节目帮助)中学生可以更多地了解广州文化。 (5) This program can get them to know more about the culture of Guangzhou. (6) (中学生可以)向外国游客介绍广州。 (6) The students can introduce Guangzhou to foreign visitors. (7) (这个节目)有助于提高中学生的英语水平。 (7) This program helps students improve their English. 并:Not only will this program help students improve their English, but also get them to know more about the culture of Guangzhou so as to introduce Guangzhou to foreign visitors.(第 5 个 句子和第 7 个句子是并列关系, 因此我们可以用 not only...but also...这组连词把它们连接起来, 并且注意统一主语,第 6 句是作者提出建议的原因, 可以用 so as to 引导出目的状语。) 4、连句成篇。把句子合并成篇章的时候, 需要注意建议信常用的一些句型结构。如在建议 信开头表示来信的目的, 如:You have asked me for my advice on...and I will try to make suggestions./ Thanks for trusting me. /Regarding..., I’d like to make some suggestions 等句型。在 表示建议的时候, 很多同学习惯使用祈使句或者 You should 的句型表示建议, 这样比较生 硬,因此可以转换不同的句型使语言丰富, 如可以使用 I feel that it would be beneficial if.../ I would like to suggest that...等句型。另外, 若是使用虚拟语气的句子 If I were you, I would..., 也会让文章增色不少。在最后祝愿对方成功的时候, 可以用简明扼要的句型, 如 wish you good luck / wish you success / may you succeed, 使文章长短句结合得当。 Dear John, I know you’re going to set up an English program for middle school students. So I’m writing to suggest a program — “All-round Guangzhou”. This program will cover topics like the history, education, famous scenic spots, food and famous people of Guangzhou. It would be better to broadcast it on weekends so that we students can have the chance to watch it. Besides, you can also invite some middle school students to get involved in the program, which will surely arouse other students’ interest in it. Not only will this program help students improve their English, but also get them to know more about the culture of Guangzhou so as to introduce Guangzhou to foreign visitors. I am sure it will be well-received by the middle school students. I hope you can take my suggestion into consideration. Sincerely yours, Li Hua 5、检查修改:词(拼写、用法) ,句(结构、表达) ,篇(连贯、书写) 六、能力提高 To Whom It May Concern

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2012 年 12 月 5 日印 基础写作の如何写建议信 As 1 __ student of this university, I would like to take the opportunity to express my appreciation 2 ___ your kind assistance as always. Meanwhile, I feel that 3 __would be 4 _________(benefit) to express my views 5 ____________(concern) the quality of the library service. In the first place, I find that most keyboards of the library computers are in poor operation, 6 _____ brings much inconvenience to the users. I would also recommend the library 7 _________ (improve) the efficiency of buying new books and academic journals. Last 8 ____not least, the study rooms need to be furnished 9 ____a better lighting system. I hope that you take my suggestions into serious 10 ____________(consider). Yours sincerely, John 七、Homework 由于废气、污水、白色垃圾等环境污染已危及到人类的健康与生存, 为鼓励大家节能环 保,你们学校将举办一次“低碳行动”的环保活动, 假设你是高三 6 班的一名学生, 将要在这 个活动中向全体师生发起“低碳生活”的倡议,以下是倡议的内容: 1. 尽量绿色出行:采取步行或自行车方式; 2. 少喝一次瓶装水; 3. 尽量不用一次性制品, 如一次性木筷子和塑 料袋; 4. 每周至少手洗衣服一次; 5. 每周少开手机、电视一天。 [写作内容] 1. 活动背景; 2. 倡议目的; 3. 倡议内容。 Hello everyone, I am Li Hua from Class Six, Senior Three. ... I believe everyone, as a member of this global village, should take responsibility to take part in the global green campaign!

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