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山东省淄博六中2012届高三英语模拟考试试题(3)


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山东淄博六中 11-12 学年高三模拟考试英语试题(3)
第一节语法和词汇(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 l5 分) 21. What China can learn from 2008 financial storm has become hot topic among u

s. A. the, 不填 B. the, a C. 不填, the D.不填, a 22. --Why' on earth didn't you answer the door? --I'm sorry, but the phone too. A. is ringing B. was ringing C. rang D. was about to ring 23. His inexperience__ into account, Jeffery shouldn't be charged with such a heavy task. A. taking B. being taken C. to take D. taken 24. Those goods are for export, though a few of them may be sold on the home market. A. accurately B. eventually C. essentially D. merely 25. --I'm sorry, but smoking is not allowed in this section on the train. --Oh, I that, and I won't again. A. don't know B. didn't know C. won't D. haven't known 26. Now many companies across the globe are __ their employees because of the serious financial crisis. A. laying off B. paying off C. laying out D. setting aside 27. Obama, the first black president in American history, __ presidency on January 20th, 2009. A. set up B. held up C. took up D. picked up 28.--What does the sign over there read? --No person __ smoke or carry a lighted cigarette in this area. A. will B. shall C. may D. must 29. --You see, I'm poor in maths, you are not good at English, and... --That's we should help each other. A. when B. where C. how D. what 30. --Will $ 200 the cost of the damage of your car? -- I'm afraid not. I need at least $100 more. A. do B. include C. afford D. cover 31. --I'm afraid I can't get on well in tomorrow's interview. -You've prepared for it for quite a few days and surely you will make it. A. Good luck B. Cheer up C. Don't mention it D. Never mind 32. I spent seemed to be a short period of time learning maths, but I did get somewhere. A. which B. that C. it D. what 33. Snowing hard outside, A. doesn't it B. isn't it C. does it D. is it 34. A good teacher always leaves his students enough time to think and voice their opinions in class, sometimes he may not complete his teaching task.

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A. even if B. in case C. as long as D. as if 35. The of surfing the Internet is how you can tell whether the information is true or not. A. ability B. competition C. challenge D. knowledge 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分.满分 20 分), I lost my sight when I was 4 years old in an accident. Now I'm 32 . It occurred to me the other day that I might not have come to love 36 so much, as I do now, if I hadn't been 37 . I don't mean that I would prefer to go with no sight. I simply mean that the 38 of it made me 39 more what I had left. Life, I believe, 40 a continuous series of adjustments to reality. The more 41 a person is able to make these adjustments, the more 42 his life becomes. The adjustment is never easy. I had to 43 in myself, or else I would have collapsed(崩溃). When I say belief in myself, I am not talking about simply the kind of 44 that helps me down an unfamiliar staircase alone. But I 45 something bigger than that an assurance that I am, despite imperfections, a real, 46 person. It took me years to discover and 47 this assurance. Once a man gave me an indoor baseball. I thought he was making fun of me and I was 48 "I can't use this," I said. "Take it with you," he urged me, "and roll it around." The word stuck in my head. By 49 the ball I could hear where it went. This gave me an idea how to 50 a goal I had thought impossible: playing baseball At Philadelphia School for the Blind I invented a successful 51 of baseball We call it Ground Ball. All my life I have set ahead of me a series of 52 and then tried to reach them, one at a time. But I had to be aware of my 53 . It was no good to try for something that I knew at the start was out of 54 because that only invited the bitterness of 55 . I would fail sometimes anyway but on the average I made progress. 36. A. darkness B. life C. freedom D. nature 37. A. cured B. deaf C. blind D. brave 38. A. remaining B. use C. recovery D. loss 39. A. appreciate B. challenge C. suffer D. use 40. A. asks B. causes C. lacks D. directs 41. A. abruptly B. simply C. cautiously D. readily 42. A. rich B. meaningful C. complex D. helpful 43. A. believe B. give C. take D. turn 44. A. independence B. confidence C. diligence D. weakness 45. A. mean B. have C. produce D. hide 46. A. disabled B. reasonable C. fearless D. positive 47. A. strengthen B. prove C. remove D. present 48. A. scolded B. cheated C. benefited D. hurt 49, A. taking B. rolling C. hitting D. passing 50. A. shoot B. describe C. imagine D. achieve 51. A. occupation B. variation C. competition D. qualification 52. A. goals B. games C. balls D. examples 53. A. intelligence B. virtues C. advantages D. limitations 54. A. breath B. reach C. power D. sight

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55. A. failure B. sickness C. ignorance D. success 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A Despite the fact that businesses believe celebrities(著名人士) have a lot of pull with regard to the buying trends of consumers, researchers have discovered that this does not seem to be the case. British and Swiss researchers conducted a study showing that advertisements featuring endorsements(认可)by celebrities like David Beckham and Scarlett Johansson are not as effective as those by ordinary people. The difference is that regular people prefer to purchase goods that are bought by other regular people. In s sample of 298 university students, researchers presented a magazine advertisement for a digital camera that included an endorsement by an imaginary student saying the camera was "hot" and his "preferred choice." The same advertisement was shown to other students, but with a difference:the camera was endorsed by a famous person in Germany. The researchers also measured how important it was for consumers that the purchased products make a good impression on others. While the students said that both advertisements were beneficial, the one made by the student topped the celebrity one if students aimed to impress others with their purchases. More than half of the students, who admitted to purchasing products that would impress others, said they were influenced by the student advertisement. Only 20% said the celebrity one would affect their buying decision. For those who do not buy to impress, only 5% focused on the student advertisement. Professor Brett Martin from the University of Bath's School of Management, explained that the findings can be used not only in Germany, but in other countries as well. "Our re-search questions whether celebrities are the best way to sell products," said Mr. Martin."Celebrities can be effective but we found that many people were more convinced by an endorsement from an ordinary person. This is because many people, feel a need to keep up with the Jones" when they buy. " 56. The underlined word "pull" in the first paragraph means . A. physical force B. influence C. value D. communication 57. According to the research, common consumers tend to buy fashionable products endorsed by . A. people who resemble them B. common people whom they know nothing about C. a person who doesn't buy to impress others D. famous persons 58. Those who don't want to buy a product to impress others . A. are less interested in the celebrity advertisement B. are actually influenced by neither of the advertisements C. are mostly affected by the student advertisement D. pay less attention to the student advertisement 59. The passage mainly wants to tell us that . A. celebrity endorsements fail to have expected effect B. companies spend too much money in advertising with celebrities C. student's ads are more reliable than celebrity ones D. companies can't keep up with the buying trend

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B After helping Barack Obama sweep to victory in the US election, the president-elects motto of "change" was Friday declared character of the year by a monk at one of Japan's most respected temples. Using a calligraphy brush to write the single character on a wooden platform as tourists looked on, Seihan Mori, chief monk at Kiyomizu temple in the ancient capital of Kyoto, declared "change" to be Japan's character of the year. The event was hosted by a Kyoto-based group that promotes the use

of "kanji," the Chinese characters used in the Japanese language. The public sent in 111,200 nominations(提名) for the kanji of the year. Of those, a majority 5.42 percent approved of "change," followed by "gold," suggesting the Beijing Olympics, and "fall" to show the global market decre.ase. "I think it is an expression of the Japanese peoples wishes to see political, economic and societal changes, as they were impressed by Mr. Obama's message of change," Mori said. He added that climate change also drew people attention to the significance of "change". The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation(JKATF) has been conducting a poll(民 意测试) on the year's kanii each year since 1995. Last year's top choice was 'Nise' (fake). 60. What is the best title of this passage.'? A. "Change" won Japan's character of the year. B. "Change" written on wooden platform. C. "Change" helped Obama win election. D. Japan's love of Chinese characters. 61. The aim of the event is to . A. popularize standard Chinese B. promote the use of "kanji" C. practice Chinese handwriting D. strengthen the relationship between China and Japan 62. From the first three nominated words we can see that . A. Japanese people showed great concern to events of the year B. the whole world experienced a hard time last year C. Japanese people know a lot of Chinese words D. Japanese people love to follow the fashion of the world 63. It can be inferred from Obama's motto "change" that . A. Obama tends to make quick changes in order to win the election

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B. Obama's policy of "change" is well accepted and gives Americans much hope C. Obama promises to make some changes of American law if elected president D. it's wise of Obama to choose the same word as nominated by Japanese 64. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The chief monk at Kiyomizu temple decided the kanji of 2008. B. 3 kanjis are nominated for this year's poll. C. "gold" is also selected the kanji of the year. D. The kanji event has been hosted by JKATF for more than 10 years. C Teachers and textbooks beware -- your future could be under threat from a quickly developing and very smart technology. University of California researchers led by Jacob White hill recently programmed teaching robots to react to facial expression. Whitehill's achievement marked a major step forward in the way people could one day learn by establishing facial expression recognition in robot teachers. The teaching robots or, Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) are computer systems that provide personalized instruction and feedback to students without human intervention. The facial expression recognition allows a computer to react according to expressions a user makes. He said that the system was an important development in improving learning systems. "Classical ITS typically have a somewhat rigid architecture of 'first I ask a questions then I wait for a responses then I talk some more; then I wait for another response.' Facial expression recognition, I believe, will allow the feedback from student to teacher to happen while the robot teacher is talking," Whitehill said. Experts agree the latest developments in ITS open new possibilities for how people could learn. University of Memphis researcher, Dr Andrew Olney, who recently received a US$ I. 3 million grant to develop an ITS, said the key to future learning will be enabling interactive(交互的), one-on-one instruction. "The technology can benefit these more advanced learning scenarios(方案)," he said. Although robot teachers of varying abilities have existed for more than 30 years, ITS developments such as Whitehill's and Olney's are pushing beliefs that robots could soon be as effective as-- if not more effective than human teachers. "The ITS which have been developed are already better teachers than people who have no experience," Olney said. So, what is the future for today’s teachers, classrooms, and textbooks? 65. The underlined word "beware" in paragraph 1 has the similar meaning to . A. take care B. get ready C. take it easy D. have a look 66. The newly teaching robots are more advanced because they have A. Jacob Whitehill as the designer B. a program reacting to facial expressions C. a system to help people learn D. a set of instruments to recognize your voice

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67. Compared with classical ITS, developed ITS can A. ask and answer questions in turns B. provide feedback to students in less time C. somewhat interact with the students D. make different facial expressions 68. According to the text, we can infer that A. in the future, students will not need textbooks at all B. the developed ITS can answer any question students ask C. facial expression recognition in ITS has existed for a long time D. in the future teaching robots will possibly take the place of human teachers 69. The writer seems to the newly-developed teaching robots. A. throw doubt on B. object to C. take no interest in D. approve of 70. The author wrote the passage aiming to A. warn teachers against robot teachers in advance B. explain how robot teachers in the future work C. introduce a newly developed teaching robot D. show his respect for the designers of the advanced ITS D Linking the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean, the blue waters of the Gulf of Aden near Somalia are one of the most important trading routes in the world. But they are also the most feared. Pirates (海盗) whose targets are ships and their crew often show up there. On September 25, a Ukrainian ship carrying 30 tanks became another victim. The pirates have reportedly killed one of the crewmen and are now surrounded by the US Navy. But they are still demanding $ 20 million for the release of the ship. This year alone, more than 50 ships have been attacked, 25 hijacked (劫持), and 14 are currently being held. Of course this is nothing new either. Ever since there has been water and ships there have been pirates. The earliest documented history of pirates dates back to the 13th century in the Mediterranean Sea. Even the famous Roman emperor Julius Caesar was kidnapped (绑架) by pirates at one time. Piracy reached its peak in the early l700s, especially in the Caribbean and off the coast of Africa. In the mid-20th-century, most pirates we're common thieves. They used hooks to steal on board commercial ships, and took all that they could find. These pirates were more likely to flee than fight if met by the crew. However, nowadays piracy has become a multi-million dollar business attracting many in poor countries such as Somalia. "The pirates are well funded and have all the latest equipment, including satellite phones," said a top UN representative in Somalia. In Asia, however, a trend started where pirates didn’t just want to kidnap the stuff, they also wanted to control the ship. They would kill the crewmembers or kidnap them for ransom (赎金). After the recent kidnapping of Ukrainian ship, people are also worrying that tanks and arms on board would fall into hands of terrorists. Last week the UN called a meeting from all affected countries to fight piracy.

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"The international community is determined to stop these pirates who are weakening efforts to bring peace to Somalia. This cannot and will not be allowed to continue," a representative said. 71. From the first four paragraphs, we can conclude that A. where there's fortune, there's greed B. pirates in Somalia only attack ships that carry tanks C. the pirates issue has become serious in recent year D. navies have been effective in getting rid of pirates 72. Which of the following is TRUE about piracy? A. It was recorded that pirates started to attack ships in Somalia in the 13th century. B. Back in the mid-20th century pirates did not appear so harmful as today’s. C. Once a ship is attacked, it will be hijacked by pirates. D. In the 13th century, pirates only targeted famous or important persons. 73. Unlike before, piracy nowadays . A. has spread to all corners of the world B. is more like terrorism and disturbs regional peace C. has become a key business for some poor countries D. has become the UN's top concern 74. We can infer from the passage that A. it is impossible to fight with piracy B. no country has the determination to fight with pirates C. no ships will be found in the Somalia area before the disappearance of pirates D. more measures will be taken to fight with pirates 75. The article is written to A. draw your attention to the history of piracy B. analyze how piracy has changed these years C. give you a description of the development of piracy D. inform you of the importance and necessity to fight piracy 第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分) 第四部分书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题.(请注意问题后的字数要求) If your life feels like it is lacking the power that you want and the motivation that you need, sometimes all you have to do is to shift your point of view. By training your thoughts to the bright side of things, you are more likely to have the strong inspirations. You are less likely to be held back by negative ideas that might limit your performance. Your life can be greatly improved, and your happiness can also be enriched, when you choose to change your perspective( 角度) of thought pattern. Don't leave your future to chance, or wait for things to get better mysteriously on their own. You must go in the direction of your hopes and goals. Begin to build your confidence,

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and work through problems rather than try to avoid them. Remember that power is not necessarily control over situations, but the ability to deal with whatever comes your way. Always believe that good things are possible, and remember that mistakes can be les-sons that lead to discoveries. Take your fear and transform it into trust, learn to rise above anxiety and doubt. Turn your "worry hours" into "productive hours". Take the energy that you have wasted arid direct it toward every worthwhile effort that you can be involved in. You will see beautiful things happen when you allow yourself to experience the joys of life. You will find happiness when you adopt positive thinking into your daily routine and make it an important part of your life. 76. What's the best title of the passage? (Within 10 words)

77. Fill in the blank with a proper phrase in the second paragraph? (Within 10 words)

78. Which sentence is the closest to the meaning of the following one? You should believe in yourself and try to solve difficulties instead of escaping from them.

79. What should you do if you fail in the exam according to this passage? (Within 30 words)

80. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.

第二节写作(满分 30 分) 观察下面漫画,结合实际,用英语写一篇 120—150 词左右的短文,谈谈网络的利弊以及你 对政府整顿网络举措的看法。

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山东淄博六中 11-12 学年高三模拟考试英语试题(3)

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