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虚拟语气知识整理、配套练习、考点及易错点分析


虚拟语气 【参照教材】
新课标人教选修六 Unit1 和 Unit2

【概念】
语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑 问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。

【考点透视】
虚拟语气是历年高考的选考考点。考点常集中在含蓄

条件句以及宾语从句中的虚拟语气 上。 所设选项常通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表示, 而且都是结合具体语境来考查对考点的运 用能力。 今后高考对虚拟语气的命题重点仍会是在特定语境中考查虚拟语气中的含蓄虚拟条 件句、宾语从句中的谓语动词等。

【重点、难点】
1. 虚拟语气的在条件句中的基本用法和四个基本情态动词的用法。 2. 虚拟语气的倒装。 省略,条件句中中有 had, should, were) (if 。 3. 两种错综虚拟语气。 4. 含蓄条件句中的虚拟语气。 5. 过去的计划,打算,愿望等未曾实现时的虚拟语气。 6. 特殊句型中的虚拟语气:两个。 重点为 wish 后宾语从句中的虚拟语气及 as if 和 as though 从句中虚拟语气的表示法。 7. 虚拟语气在名词性从句中的应用。即用来表示要求、建议、命令、提议、意愿等的名词 性从句。 8. 不清晰条件的虚拟语气。

【知识点整理】
★★★虚拟语气在条件句中主句和从句谓语动词的形式入列表:

主 句 与过去事实 should /would/could/might + have had + 过去分词 相反 + 过去分词 与现在事实 would/should/could/might + 动 词 一般过去时(be 用 were) 相反 原形 一 般 过 去 时 或 与将来事实 Would/should/cold/might + 动 词 should(were to) + 动词 相反 原形 原形
★★★注意四个情态动词的用法: 1. 若表示在某一假设的条件下, 必然而然就会发生某事, 第一人称可用 should 或 would, 而

条件状语从句

二、三人称只用 would. 2. 若表示在某一假设条件下就能够干某事,各人称都用 could. 3. 如果表示在某种假设条件下有可能会发生某事,各人称都用 might. ★★★虚拟语气倒装 请看典型考题:__________ your address,I would have written to you. A. Did I know B. Were I to know C. Had I known D. If I should know 此题应选 C。这是虚拟语气的倒装形式。当虚拟条件句中含有 were,had,should,could 等动词时,可以将 if 省略,然后将 were,had,should,could 等词移至句首: 1. If he should fail,he would kill himself. →Should he fail,he would kill himself. 万一失败, 他就会自杀。 2. If I were you,I would do it at once. →Were I you,I would do it at once. 假若我是你,我 就会马上做。 3. If he had seen you yesterday,he would haveasked you about it. →Had he seen you yesterday,he would haveasked you about it. 他昨天要是看到了你,他就 会问你这事了。 注意:顺便说一句,以上移至句首的 had 不一定是助动词,如果是实义动词也可倒装 ★★★错综虚拟语气 How I wish I had studied harder when I was in school! If you had, you ____ work into late every day nowadays. A. don’t B. wouldn’t C. didn’t D. won’t [解析]“要是我在校时能够更加努力地学习,那该多好啊!”“要是你当时努力学习的话,你现 在就不会每天都工作那么晚了。”根据句意,条件与过去事实相反,而主句与现在事实相反。 常见的两种错综虚拟语气: 1.从句与过去事实相反相成,而主句与现在事实相反。例如: If you had not been strict with me when I was young, I could not be such a successful person no w.如果我年轻时你没有对我严格要求的话,我现在就不可能是这么成功的一个人。 (这种虚 拟语气的特点是主句中常含有时间准状语 now 或 nowadays) ★★★含蓄虚拟条件句 含蓄虚拟条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。 这类用法主要见于以下七种方式: 1. 将条件隐含在不定式短语中。 I should be happy to go with you. 如 果 能 与 你 一 起 去 , 我 将 很 高 兴 。 (=I should be happy if I could go with you.) 2. 将条件隐含在分词短语中。 Born in better times, he would have been a scholar. 如果出生在好时代,他早就成为学者了。 (=If he had been born in better times, he …) 3. 将条件隐含在介词短语中。 Without air, no one could live. 没有空气, 人就不能活。 there were no air, no one could live.) (=If 常 用 的 介 词 或 介 词 短 语 , 如 but for, but that, without, in case of, under, under more favorable condition 等。 4. 将条件隐含在名词短语中。

A true friend would not have betrayed me. 若是真正的朋友,就不会背弃我。(=If he had been a true friend, he would…) 5. 将条件隐含在某些连词(如 or, or else, otherwise 等)中: 具体用法如下:它们后的句子如果说的不是客观事实,它们前边的句子采用陈述语气,后边 的句子采用虚拟语气。 ○1 句子(一般现在时)+ or, or else, otherwise + 句子(谓语部分:should\would\could\might 等+ 动词原形) ○2 句子(一般过去时)+ or, or else, otherwise + 句子(谓语部分:should\would\could\might 等+ have done) I didn’t know that he was a cheat, or else I wouldn’t have believed him. 我不知道他是个骗子,不然我也不会相信他了。(or else=if I had known he was a cheat)) 6. 将条件隐含在定语从句中。 Anyone who had seen that painting might have taken it for a photo. 凡是看过那画的人,都可能把它看成是照片。(=If anyone had seen that painting…) 7. 将条件隐含在一定的上下文中。 Don’t bother to read all these papers. It would take too long. 不 要 费 事 看 所 有 这 些 文 件 了 , 那 会 花 太 多 时 间 。 (=…If you read all these papers, it would take too long) 常用来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段连词如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘 若……),for fear that(惟恐) , on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用 should+动词原形,但可以不用虚 拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him.这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我 们听不懂。 ★★★过去的计划打算愿望等未曾实现时的虚拟语气 1. 表过去愿望未曾实现时,常用 would like to have done sth. 或 would have liked to do sth.(前 者常用) I would like to have gone to the celebration, but I couldn’t get away. 我本来想参加庆祝会,但未 能脱开身。 2. 表示过去本来该干某事但没有干时, should\ought to have done sth. 若表示本来不该干但 用 却干了某事时,用 should not\ought not to have done sth. The criminal should have told the truth, but he refused to. 那罪犯本来应该说出实情,但他不肯 说。 3. 表示过去本来有能力干某事,但未能干成时用 could have done sth. I could have lent you the money, but you did not turn to me for help. 我本来能借给你那笔钱,但 你没有向我求助。 4. 表示过去本来有可能干某事,但未能干成时用 might have done sth. You might have been chosen, but you gave up the chance. 你本来有可能被选上的,但你放弃了 那个机会。 5. 表示过去本来愿意干某事,但未能干成时用 would have done sth. The cook would have helped you, but his wife stopped him. 那厨师本来愿意帮助你,但他妻子 制止了他。 6. hope, want, expect, plan 等动词表示过去愿望、计划、打算等未曾实现时,把谓语动词用成

过去完成时或把它们后面的不定式用成完成式。 I had hoped to become a poet, but I turned teacher instead. 我本希望当个诗人,但我却当了老 师。 I hoped to have become a poet, but I turned teacher instead. 7. be to do sth.句型表示过去计划安排未曾实现时,用 was\ were to have done sth 结构. The European tourists were to have arrived by ten, but they were caught in a shower and delayed. 那些欧洲的游客本来 10 点到达,但他们遇上了阵雨,被推迟了。 8. be going to 句型表过去个人打算未曾实现时,用 was\were going to 结构。 I was going to meet you at the station, but I had to work extra hours writing a report for my boss. 我本来打算去车站见你,但我不得不在工作几个小时给我老板写份报告。 ★★★虚拟语气在名词性从句中的使用: (一) 主语从句中的虚拟语气 在 It is +形容词/某些动词的过去分词+主语从句的结构中, 从句的谓语动词须用动词原形 或 should +do 的形式。这些类型包括: 1、It’s important…类 形容词 这一类型主要包括 It is (was) important (necessary, desirable, imperative, advisable)that. . .句型。 如: It is impossible that he should go home. 他不可能会回家去。 It is necessary that I should return it right now. 我有必要马上把它还回去。 It is not necessary that everyone be a scientist. 没有必要使每一个人都成为科学家。 2、It’s a pity…类 名词 It is a pity that she should fare so badly. 她竟吃得这么差,真可怜。 It is his desire that a medical man should stay here. 他希望有一个医务人员留在这里。 3、It’s desired…类 某些动词的过去分词 这 种 主 语 从 句 还 常 用 在 It is (was) desired (suggested, settled, proposed, requested, decided, etc. ) that...句型。如: It is requested that a vote be taken. 建议付诸表决。 It is settled that you leave us, then? 那么你肯定要离开我们罗? 【特别说明】 (1) 在现代英语中,有时也可不用虚拟语气而用陈述语气,但初学者宜慎用。 (2) It is amazing (strange, surprising, astonishing, a pity, a shame) 以 及 I am surprised (sorry) 和 I regret 等结构后的 that 从句中有时也用 should,表示说话人的惊异、懊悔、失望等情感, 常含有“竟然”之意: It’s strange that he should be so rude. 他竟如此无礼,真是奇怪。 I’m surprised that he should have failed. 他竟然失败了,这使我很吃惊。 若不用虚拟语气也可以,则不带感情 色彩,比较: It’s a pity that he failed the exam. 他考试没及格,真是遗憾。 It’s a pity that he should have failed the exam. 他考试竟没及格,真是遗憾。 decided(决定的) 、 important(重要的) 、 ordered(命令的) 、 advisable(合理的) 、 demanded(要求的) desire(期望的) 、 desirable(合乎需要的) essential(紧要的) 、 、 insistent(坚持的) natural(自然的) 、 、 preferabl(更可取的) proposed(建议的) 、 、 recommended(推荐的) 、required(要求的) 、 urgent(紧迫的) 、 vital(极其重要的) appropriate(适当的) arranged(安排好的) 、 、 better(较好的) 、 imperative(迫切的) 、

possible(可能的) probable(可能的) 、 、 resolved(决心的) 、 strange(奇怪的) 、 suggested(建议的) It is highly desirable that a new mayor be appointed for this city.这座城市急需任命一位新市 长。 (二)宾语从句用虚拟语气的几种类型 1、I wish 后的宾语从句 ( 略) We wish he didn’t smoke. 我们希望他不吸烟。 I wish prices would come down. 我希望物价能降下来。 2、表示“坚持”后的宾语从句 主要是指 insist 的宾语从句,从句谓语由“should+动词原形”构成,其中的 should 在美国英语 中通常可以省略。如: I insisted that he (should) stay. 我坚持要他留下。 He insisted that I (should) go with them. 他坚持要我同他们一起去。 注意:动词 insist 后接宾语从句时,除可用虚拟语气外,也可用陈述语气,两者的区别是: 若谓语动词所表示的动作尚未发生,或尚未成为事实,则用虚拟语气;若谓语动词所表示的 动作已经发生,或已经成为事实,则要用陈述语气。比较: He insisted that I had read his letter. 他坚持说我看过他的信。 He insisted that I should read his letter. 他坚持要我看他的信。 3、表示“命令”后的宾语从句 主要是指 order, command 的宾语从句,从句谓语由“should+动词原形”构成,其中的 should 在美国英语中通常可以省略。如: He ordered that it (should) be sent back. 他命令把它送回去。 Thejudge ordered that the prisoner should be remanded. 法官命令被告还押。 4、表示“建议”后的宾语从句 主要是指 advise, suggest, propose, recommend 等的宾语从句,从句谓语由“should+动词原形” 构成,其中的 should 在美国英语中通常可以省略。如: He suggested that we should leave early. 他建议我们早点动身。 The doctor advised that he change his job. 医生劝他换工作。 They recommend that this tax be abolished. 他们建议取消这种税。 注意:与动词 insist 相似,动词 suggest 后接宾语从句时,除可用虚拟语气外,也可用陈述 语气, 两者的区别也是: 若谓语动词所表示的情况尚未成为事实, 则用虚拟语气, 此时 suggest 通常译为“建议”;若谓语动词所表示的情况为既成事实,则要用陈述语气,此时的 suggest 通常译为“表明”、“认为”。比较并体会: He suggested that we (should) stay for dinner. 他建议我们留下吃饭。 What he said suggested that he was a cheat. 他说的话表明他是个骗子。 I suggested that you had a secret understanding with him. 我觉得你与他心照不宣。 5、表示“希望”“打算”后的宾语从句 主要是指动词 desire, intend 后的宾语从句, 从句谓语由“should+动词原形”构成, 其中的 should 在美语中通常省略。 She desires that he do it. 她希望他做此事。 6、表示“指示”后的宾语从句 主要是指动词 direct 后的宾语从句,从句谓语由“should+动词原形”构成,其中的 should 在 美国英语中通常可以省略。 The general directed that the prisoners should be set free. 将军指示释放那些俘虏。

(三)表语从句和同位语从句 有些名词引起的表语从句或同位语从句中,谓语动词须用动词原形或 should +do 的形式。 这些名词包括: advice(忠告) decision(决定) demand(要求) desire(渴望) idea(想法) 、 、 、 、 、 motion(提议) 、 necessity(必要性) order(命令) 、 、 plan(计划) 、 preference(偏 爱) 、 proposal(建议) recommendation(推荐) 、 、requirement(要求) 、suggestion(建议)等。 例句 13:His proposal is that we turn off TVfor half an hour every day.他建议我们每天少看半 个小时的电视。 特别提示: 从以上的各类从句中我们可以得到以下的推论, 即当一个动词后面的宾语从句中 要使用(should)+do 的虚拟语气形式时,则可推理出用法相同的一组从句。以动词 advise 为例: (1)I advise that we stay and wait here. (动词后的宾语从句) (2)It is advised that we stay here. is +动词的过去分词+that 引导的主语从句) (It (3)I think it advisable that we stay here. (由该动词转换的形容词作宾语补足语,it 为形式 宾语,真正的宾语从句中使用虚拟语气) 以上六类从句中所使用的都为(should)+do 的虚拟语气形式。 ★★★wish 后宾语从句用虚拟语气 一. Wish 本身为现在时,后面得宾语从句如果与现在存在状态相反的愿望,从句中谓语动 词采用过去时或过去进行时,遇到 be 动词时各人称都用 were. 二. Wish 本身为过去时,后面得宾语从句如果与过去存在状态相反,从句中谓语动词采用 过去时,遇到 be 动词时各人称都用 were. 三. 凡发生在谓语 (wish) 以前的动作, 从句中的虚拟语气谓语的结构形式是过去完成时, 即 had+动词过去分词或 would \ could + have done。 四. 凡发生在谓语(wish)以后的动作,从句中的虚拟语气谓语的结构形式是过去将来时, 即(would +动词原形) ,如果用到情态动词 can,各人称都用 could. 五. I wish + 从句的结构还可以转换成 if only+ 从句结构。If only 后也要采用虚拟语气,其 构成及意思与 I wish + 从句完全一样。 六.从句的时态只与从句所指的时间有关,而与 wish 的时态无关,比较: I wish I were not so busy. 但愿我不那样忙碌。 (与现在相反)1 I wish I were [was] better looking. 要是我长得漂亮些就好了。 (与现在相反)1 I wished I were rich. 当时我后悔自己没有钱。 (与过去相反)2 I wished I had been rich. 当时我后悔自己曾经没有钱。 (与过去相反)3 She wished she had stayed at home. 她后悔的是她当时要是留在家里就好了。 (与过去相反)3 I wish you would go with us tomorrow. 要是你明天同我们一起去就好了。 (与将来相反)4 I wish you wouldn’t look down on this kind of work. 我希望你不要看不起这种工作。 (与将来 相反)4 ★★★虚拟语气的几个特殊句型: ★★★would rather 后句子用虚拟语气:would rather 后接句子时,句子谓语习惯上要用虚拟 语气,具体用法为: 1.一般过去时表示现在或将来的愿望 I’d rather you went tomorrow (now). 我宁愿你明天(现在)去。

I’d rather you came next Saturday. 我宁愿你下星期六来。 I’d rather you were happy. 我愿你快乐。 I’d rather Jack left on an earlier train. 我宁愿杰克乘前一班火车走。 2. 用过去完成时表过去的愿望 I’d rather you hadn’t said it. 我真希望你没有这样说过。 l’d rather he had told / hadn’t told me about it 我 (宁) 愿他告诉了 / 未告诉我这件事。 Katie went by car and I’d rather she hadn’t. 凯蒂是坐汽车去的,我宁愿地不坐汽车去。 ★★★It’s time 后后的从句用虚拟语气 一、基本用法:从句谓语通常用过去式表示现在或将来,有时也用过去进行时或“should+动 词原形”(较少见,且 should 不能省略),其意为“(早)该干某事了”,暗含“现在做这件事稍微 有点迟。” It’s time we ordered dinner. 现在该叫菜了。 I think It’s time you went to bed. 我想你该睡觉了。 It’s time we went [were going, should go]. 我们该走了。 It’s time someone spoke up for the less privileged in our society. 应该有人为我们社会中较不幸 的人说说话了。 ★注意两点说明: (1) time 前有时有 about 和 high 修饰: It’s high time we left. 我们早该动身了。 It’s high time they began to take you seriously. 现在他们应该开始认真对待你了。 (2) 与其他的虚拟结构不同,该结构不能在该用 was 时而用 were: It’s time I was in bed. 我该上床睡了。(不用 were) ★★★as if(though)引起的方式状语从句和表语要使用虚拟语气(从句中动词形式与 wish 宾 语从句的形式相同) She often laughs spontaneously, and her good humor breaks out as brightly as if it were a part of t he sunshine above. 她常常发出发自内心的微笑,而且她那美好的情绪像天上一道明亮的阳 光一样,常常流露出来。 ★★★由连接词 in case, so that, unless, lost, for fear that 引起的状语从句中,谓语动词要用虚 拟形式,即 should(might, would)+动词原形。 She put a blanket over the baby for fear that he should catch cold.她在那个婴儿的身上盖上了毯 子以免他着凉。

【配套练习】
1. The plant is dead. I ___more water. A. will give B. would have given C. must give D. should have given

2. I insist that a doctor ___ immediately. A. has been sent for B. send for C. will be sent for D. be sent for

3. If you the doctors advice, you would have already recovered. A. follow B. followed C. would follow D. had followed 4. I wish I ___ you yesterday. A. seen B. did see C. had seen D. were to see 5. What would you have done last night, if you to write your homework. A. hadn’t B. haven’t had C. didn’t have D. hadn’t had 6. ---Did you catch the plane? -----No, if I had hurried, I . A. would B. would have C. could D. did 7. Without electricity human life ____ quite different today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be 8. --- Shall we go skating or stay at home? ---Which____ do yourself? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather 9. --- We could have walked to the station, it was so near. ---Yes, a taxi ___ at all necessary. A. wasn’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t D. won’t be 10. If you early tomorrow morning, you would be there by noon. A. have started B. were start C. were to start D. had started 11. Tom ought not to ____ me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told 12. ---If he ____, he ___ that food. --- Luckily he was sent to hospital immediately. A. was warned, would not take B. had been warned, would not have taken B. would be warned, had not taken D. would have been warned, had not taken

13. ---- Are you thinking about going to Dalian for the vacation? -----No, but if I time, I very glad to go there. A. have, will be B, had had, would have been C. had, would be D. had had, would be 14. If you George, would you please tell him to ring me? A. saw B. were to C. have seen D. see 15. You didn’t let me drive. If we ____ in turn, you ____ so tired. A. drove, didn’t get B. drove, wouldn’t get C. were driving, wouldn’t get D. had driven, wouldn’t have got 16. I am sure he hasn’t sent the letter. If he it, I . A. sent, got B. sent, have got C. sent, would go D. had sent, would have got. 17. The two strangers talked as if they ____ friends for years. A. should be B. would be C. have been D. had been 18. Jane’ pale face suggested that he ____ ill, and her parents suggested that she ____ a medical examination. A. be, should have B. was, have C. should be, had D. was, has 19. _____ it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge. A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will 20. When he was there, he ____ go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day. A. would B. should C. had better D. might 21.____ for the free tickets, _____ I would not have gone to the films so often. A. If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not 22. There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You ____ come, but why didn’t you? A. must have B. should C. need have D. ought to have

23. I should have been there, but I ___ not find the time. A. would B. could C. might D. should 24. If he ____ quietly as the doctor instructed, he wouldn’t suffer so much now. A. lies B. lay C. had lain D. should lie 25. How I wish every family ___ a large house with a garden. A. has B. had C. will have D. had had 26. I thought you ____ like something to read , so I have brought you some books. A. might B. may C. could D. must 27. There was plenty of time. She ____. A. needn’t have hurried B. couldn’t have hurried C. must not hurry D. mustn’t have hurried 28. It was necessary that he about what had happened. A. be told B. was told C. should tell D. tell 29. It was strange that we short of water in the country where it was always raining. A. are B. be C. should be D. both B and C 30. You any difficulty now, if you had made a more careful plan. A. won’t meet with B. would not meet with C. would not have met with D. have not met with 31. .He did his best in everything, he would not have seen what he was. A. and B. but C. otherwise D. but that 32. ---You should have gone to the show with us yesterday. It is very good. ----I wished I , but I was busy with my report. A. had B. did C. would have D. were 33. ---- Would you have told him the answer, if possible? -----Yes, I would have, but I very busy.

A. had been B. were C. was D. would be 34. If only I his advice, but I am sorry I did. A. would not take B. would not have taken C. did not take D. had not taken 35. It is time we to the concert. A. went B, go C. will go D. should go 36. ---I’d like to get a job in that computer shop. ---I would much rather you ___at home and ___ care of the children. A. stay, take B. stayed, took C. should stay, took D. stayed, take 37. If we ___ birth control earlier, China ___ such a large population. A. had begun, wouldn’t have B. had begun, wouldn’t have had C. began, wouldn’t have D. should begin, wouldn’t have had 38. They treats the granny as if she ____ their own mother. A> is B. was C. were D. had been 39. ---What do you think of the food here? ---Oh, wonderful! WE ___ a better place. A. won’t find B. mustn’t have found C. can’t find D. couldn’t have found 40. We ___ last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 41. It was suggested that the match ___ because of the weather. A. would be put off B. should put off C. must be put off D. be put off 42.If only I ___ to your advice and returned home in time. A. listened B. had listened C. would listen D. would have listened 43. ___, there would be no industry. A. Without steel B. If there is not steel C. There would be no steel D. If there was not steel 44.---Would you like to go to the cinema tonight? ---I wish I ___, but I ___ study for a test. A. had, will have to B. would, had to C. did, have to D. could, have to

45. He spoke as if he ___ in space at that moment. A. had walked B. were walking C. would walk D. walked 46. I would do it in a different way ___ it. A. were I do B. were I to do C. should I to do D. had I done 47. But for his help, they ___ over the mountain in such a short time. A. had not run B. have not run C. couldn’t have run D. can’t have run 48. There is nothing left. I wish I ___ so much money on clothes. A. haven’t spent B. hadn’t spent C. couldn’t have spent D. not spend 49. ---Why are you late? ---I got caught in traffic; otherwise I ___ here on time. A. would have been B. was C. were D. had been 50. ---What happened to the trees planted last spring? ---The trees ___ well. But they didn’t take good care of them. A. would grow B. shall have grown C. would have grow D. might grow 51. He would have died ___ that doctor. A. hadn’t it been B. it id had been C. were it for D. had it not been for 52. What would you do if you __ a house on fire? A. saw B. see C. have seen D. had seen 参考答案: 1-5 DDDCD 6-10 BDBAC 11-15 ABCAD 16-20 DDBBA 21-25 CDBCB

26-30 AAADB 31-35 CCCDA 36-40BACDC 41-45DBADB 46-52BCBACDA

【高考真题】
1. (2013 年高考英语安徽卷) 28. I ______ to my cousin’s birthday party last night, but I was not available A. went B. had gone C. would go D. would have gone[来源:学科

2. (2013 年高考英语北京卷)34. If we ______ a table earlier, we couldn’t be standing here in a queue. A. have booked B. booked C. book D. had booked 3. (2013 年高考英语福建卷)30. —Do you think George has passed the driving test? —No. If so, he _____his car to our college yesterday. A. would drive B. drove C. would have driven D. had driven 4. (2013 年高考英语江苏卷) 30. I should not have laughed if I ______ you were serious. A. thought B. would think C. had thought D. have thought

5. (2013 年高考英语陕西卷)12. My mom suggests that we ______ eat out for a change this weekend. A. should B. might C. could D. would 6. (2013 年高考英语天津卷) 14. If he had spent more time practicing English before, he ______ able to speak it much better now A. will be B. would be C has been D. would have been 7. (2013 年高考英语重庆卷) 29. — It rained cats and dogs this morning. I'm glad we took an umbrella. — Yeah, we would have got wet all over if we ______. A. hadn't B. haven't C. didn't D. don't 8. (2013 年高考英语浙江卷) 3. I ______ myself more ---- it was a perfect day. A. shouldn’t have enjoyed C. wouldn’t have enjoyed B. needn’t have enjoyed D. couldn’t have enjoyed

9. 【2012 福建】31. We lost our way in that small village, otherwise we _____ more places of interest yesterday. A. visited B. had visited C. would visit D. would have visited 10. 【2012 陕西】 If my car _____ more reliable, I would have driven to Lhasa instead of flying 17. last summer. A. was B. had been C. should be D. would be 11. 【2012 山东】30. If we _____ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn’t have been so successful. A. haven’t made B. wouldn’t make C. didn’t make D. hadn’t made 12. 【2012 湖南】 Sorry, am too busy now. If I _____ time, I would certainly go for an outing 29. I with you. A. have had B. had had C. have D. had 13. 【2012 天津】15. We would have called a taxi yesterday if Harold ______ us a ride home.

A. didn’t offer B. wouldn’t offer C. hasn’t offered D. hadn’t offered 14. 【2012 辽宁】33. Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he _____ something instead of just talking. A. will do B. has done C. do D. did 15. 【2012 浙江】19. Had they known what was coming next, they _____ second thoughts. A. may have B. could have C. must have had D. might have had

16. 【2011 北京卷,28】——Where are the children? The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. ——I wish they always late. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have been 17. 【2011 北京卷,30】Maybe if I science, and not literature then, I would be able to give you more help. A. studied B. would study C. had studied D. was studying 18. 天津〗 10 John went to the hospital alone. If he me about it, I would have gone with him. A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told 19.10 江苏〗 〖 George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he_______ more on its culture. A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused 20. 〖10 陕西〗If we ___ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take B. had taken C. took D. have taken 21. 〖10北京〗--The weather has been very hot and dry. --Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables . A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died 22. 〖10 浙江〗Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy . A.would have been saved B.had been saved C.will be saved D.was saved 参考答案 1-5 DDCCA

6-10 BADDB 11-15DDDDD 16-20ACDBB 21-22DA


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