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专题十三 强调句、省略句、倒装句英语语法


专题十三
1. —What has Tom been doing recently? A. nor I do B. nor do I

强调句、省略句、倒装句
—I don’t know, C. neither am care. D. neither I am

2. —How about going to a conc

ert this weekend? — ? It’s a few months since I enjoyed myself in the last one. A. Why B. Why not C. What for D. What I’m invited to. D. although

3. —Will you go to Mary’s wedding next Sunday?—No, I won’t A. if B. Since C. even though

4. Just in the centre of our city with a history of 1000 years. A. stands a tall tree B. does a tall tree stand C. a tall tree is standing 5. In Switzerland, six miles west of Geneva, A. lie B. are lying 6. —Where was it A. where

D. a tall tree stands

a collection of laboratory buildings. C. lies D. lays

the earthquake broke out yesterday?—In an Italian city. B. which C. how to the teacher. B. this is the first time he has lied D. this is the first time he is lying is more true than any other. D. while gaining you had a few days off? D. where D. that

7. Under no circumstances A. is this the first time he has lied C. is this the first time has he lied

8. He is rather difficult to make friends with, but his friendship, A. once gained B. when to gain C. after gaining

9. —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.—Is that A. how 10. — B. when C. what

that he managed to get the information?—Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it

11. If

, ice can be turned into water. A. to heat B. heating

C. heats

D. heated

12. It is exactly we behave has changed the world. A. which; that B. how; that C. how; what

D. what; that

13. Unsatisfied with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though 14. —Is there a hospital here? —No, but there A. would B. used to . D. ought to

C. used to be

15. It was he came back from Africa that year he met the girl he would like to marry. A. when; then B. not; until C. not until; that D. only; when 16. —So you have met Maria?—Yes, it was last week A. where B. when C. that we attended Jack’s party. D. why

17. Through a telescope A. can one observe

the surface of the Mars when it comes nearer to the earth. B. one can observe C. can observe one D. observe one can

18. According to the law, it is get your license. A. not until you’re eighteen can you B. until you’re eighteen that you can’t C. not until you‘re eighteen that you can D. until you’re eighteen when you can’t 19. Only under special circumstances A. are freshmen permitted C. freshmen are permitted 20. —How was the weather then? A.I had stepped 21. A. Only to take make-up tests. B. permitted are freshmen D. are permitted freshmen? —Hardly off the plane,when it started to rain. C.I stepped D. did I step

B. had I stepped

by keeping down costs will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies. B. Just C. Still D. Yet

22. When first to the market, the computer software was not a success due to its complexity in operation. A. introducing B. being introduced C. introduced D. to be introduced 23. Though cartoons. A. urging to go to bed many times, the little boy just turned a deaf ear and fixed his eyes on the B. being urged C. urged D. having urged

24. Can you explain A. why is it that

most deserts are located near the west coast of the continents? B. why it is that C. how it is that D. how is it that when he was young. C. so was her father

25. The girl is going to study abroad next month and A. so her father was B. so her father did

D. so did her father

专题十三
1. —What has Tom been doing recently?

强调句、省略句、倒装句
—I don’t know, care.

A. nor I do B. nor do I C. neither am D. neither I am 解析: 选 B。 考查倒装句。 在表达两人同属一个情况时, 肯定句用 so+谓语+主语, 否定句用 neither / nor+ 谓 语+ 主语。句意为:——汤姆最近在做什么?——我不知道,也不关心。 2. —How about going to a concert this weekend? — ? It’s a few months since I enjoyed myself in the last one. A. Why B. Why not C. What for D. What 解析:选 B。考查省略句。 ?Why not??相当于: ?Why don’t we go to the concert?? 。此句型用于表示建议, 想法等。 3. —Will you go to Mary’s wedding next Sunday?—No, I won’t I’m invited to. A. if B. Since C. even though D. although 解析:选 C。考查让步状语从句及省略句。句意为:——下周日你去玛丽的婚礼吗?——不,即使邀请我, 我也不会去的。A、B、D 三项不合题意。 4. Just in the centre of our city with a history of 1000 years. A. stands a tall tree B. does a tall tree stand C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands 解析:选 A。考查倒装句。表示方位的词或短语 here/there/on the desk 等位于句首作状语时,若句子中是一 般现在时时态,通常要用全部倒装。 5. In Switzerland, six miles west of Geneva, a collection of laboratory buildings. A. lie B. are lying C. lies D. lays 解析:选 C。考查倒装句。 ?six miles west of Geneva?为插入语,根据句子结构及句意,选 C 项。 6. —Where was it the earthquake broke out yesterday?—In an Italian city. A. where B. which C. how 解析:选 D。考查强调句。特殊疑问句的强调句结构为:疑问词+is/was it that+ ...。 D. that

7. Under no circumstances to the teacher. A. is this the first time he has lied B. this is the first time he has lied C. is this the first time has he lied D. this is the first time he is lying 解析:选 A。考查倒装句。否定副词或介词短语位于句首,需用部分倒装。还原句子为:This is under no circumstances the first time he has lied ...。 8. He is rather difficult to make friends with, but his friendship, is more true than any other. A. once gained B. when to gain C. after gaining D. while gaining 解析:选 A。考查省略句。once gained = once it is gained。当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致且从句中 含有 be 动词时,可省略从句中的主语和谓语部分。 9. —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.—Is that you had a few days off? A. how B. when C. what D. where 解析:选 B。考查强调句和表语从句的区别。从句意?你请假的几天和前往珠海参加空展?的时间上相吻合。 此处不是强调句,而是 when 引导的从句作表语。 10. — that he managed to get the information?—Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it 解析:选 C。考查强调句。特殊疑问句的强调句结构为:疑问词+is/was it that+...。从答语中可知上面问的 是如何得到信息。所以选 C 项。 11. If , ice can be turned into water. A. to heat B. heating C. heats 解析:选 D。考查省略句。If heated= If the ice is heated。 D. heated

12. It is exactly we behave has changed the world. A. which; that B. how; that C. how; what D. what; that 解析:选 B。考查强调句。去掉强调句式,句子还原为 How we behave has changed the world。强调句型 强调了主语从句,且 behave 为不及物动词,所以选 B 项。 13. Unsatisfied with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though

解析:选 B。考查倒装句。句意为:他尽管对报酬不满意,但为了得到一些工作经验他还是接受了那份工作。 though 引导从句时,可用倒装也可不用,而本句中实义动词提到了句首,为倒装形式,语序为:adj./adv./n./ 动词原形+though+主语+谓语,故选项 B 正确。 14. —Is there a hospital here? —No, but there . A. would B. used to C. used to be D. ought to 解析:选 C。考查省略。句意为:——这里有医院吗?——没有,但过去有。there used to be 意为?过去 有? 。 15. It was he came back from Africa that year he met the girl he would like to marry. A. when; then B. not; until C. not until; that D. only; when 解析:选 C。考查强调句。从题干及选项的特点可以判断出此题是强调句,强调的是 not ...until 引导的时间 状语从句,再根据强调句的特点可以断定此题应该选 C 项。 16. —So you have met Maria?—Yes, it was last week we attended Jack’s party. A. where B. when C. that D. why 解析: 选 B。 考查强调句和时间状语从句。 答语的原句应为: We met Maria when we attended Jack last week. 此处强调了时间状语。 s party

17. Through a telescope the surface of the Mars when it comes nearer to the earth. A. can one observe B. one can observe C. can observe one D. observe one can 解析:选 A。考查倒装句。表示方位的词或短语 here/there/on the desk 等位于句首作状语时,若句子中是一 般现在时态,通常要用倒装。 18. According to the law, it is get your license. A. not until you’re eighteen can you B. until you’re eighteen that you can’t C. not until you‘re eighteen that you can D. until you’re eighteen when you can’t 解析:选 C。考查强调句。含有 not ...until 的句子的强调句用 It is/was+not until ...+that ...句型。 19. Only under special circumstances to take make-up tests. A. are freshmen permitted B. permitted are freshmen C. freshmen are permitted D. are permitted freshmen? 解析:选 A。考查倒装句。only 和它所修饰的状语位于句首时,要用部分倒装。 20. —How was the weather then? —Hardly off the plane,when it started to rain. A.I had stepped B. had I stepped C.I stepped D. did I step 解析:选 B。考查倒装句。hardly, seldom 等否定副词位于句首作状语时,后面要用部分倒装,再由句意可 知,选 B。 21. by keeping down costs will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies. A. Only B. Just C. Still D. Yet 解析:选 A。考查倒装。only 置于句首修饰状语时,句子要用部分倒装。B、C、D 三项无此用法。 22. When first to the market, the computer software was not a success due to its complexity in operation. A. introducing B. being introduced C. introduced D. to be introduced 解析:选 C。考查省略结构。在状语从句中,当主、从句主语一致,且从句中含有系动词 be 的各种形式时, 通常将主语和系动词省略,故选 C。 23. Though to go to bed many times, the little boy just turned a deaf ear and fixed his eyes on the cartoons. A. urging B. being urged C. urged D. having urged 解析:选 C。考查省略结构。在让步、时间、条件等状语从句中,当主、从句主语一致时且从句中含有系动 词 be 的各种形式时,通常将主语和系动词省略,故选 C。 24. Can you explain most deserts are located near the west coast of the continents? A. why is it that B. why it is that C. how it is that D. how is it that 解析:选 B。考查强调句型。由句子结构可知,强调句型?it is ...that?对宾语从句的引导词进行强调,应用 陈述语序,再由句意可知,选 B。 25. The girl is going to study abroad next month and when he was young. A. so her father was B. so her father did C. so was her father D. so did her father 解析:选 D。考查倒装。句意为:这个女孩下个月将要去国外学习。当他父亲年轻时也是这样。 ?so+助动词

/情态动词+主语?表示一种情况也适应于另外的人。再由句子结构可知,选 D。


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