必修 2 Unit 基础操练
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. I offered him a drink but he didn’t (回应). 2. The foreign visitors came from a (遥远的) country. 3. Alcoholic drin
k can have a bad e on your body. 4. More a should be paid to your pronunciation. 5. Her coat gave her p from the rain. 6. I felt great r when I heard I had passed the examination. 7. The i of washing one’s hands before a meal is that it prevents infection. 8. The storm did a (巨大的) lot of harm. 9. Many wild animals live happily in the nature (保护区). 10. The two neighbouring countries had been (仇敌) for centuries. Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词的适当形式填空 dress/affect/contain/apply/hunt 1. I want to for a job, for I’m short of money at present. 2. Do you think the heavy rain will the wheat in the fields? 3. I for my book everywhere. 4. The album many memorable songs. 5. The child was in his most beautiful clothes and then went out. Ⅲ. 同义句转换 1. The worker is showing us how to operate the machine. We how to operate the machine. 2. It amazed her that he was still alive. She that he was still . 3. People are collecting money for a wildlife project in the world. for a wildlife project in the world. 4. There was a small beautiful garden in our school，but now it has disappeared. There a small beautiful garden in our school. 5. People hope that milu deer will be common in China. that milu deer will be common in China.
Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. —I don’t know how to spend my weekend. — . A. I suggest you seeing a film B. Why not to see a film C. You should see a film D. That is a good idea
2. A. 3. A. C. 4. A. 5. A. 6. A. 7.
Since the medicine had no on him, he decided to go and see another doctor. work B. effect C. effort D. job It is raining heavily. , we must stay at home. As a result of B. As the result As a result D. As the result of They hoped to see the problem settled . peace B. peaceful C. at peace D. in peace This book all the information about the Internet you need. contains B. holds C. includes D. is listed He was wearing sunglasses to his eyes from the sun. protect B. prevent C. keep D. defend —Excuse me, what time is it now? —Sorry, my watch . It at the shop. A. isn’t working; is being repaired B. doesn’t work; is being repaired C. isn’t working; is repaired D. doesn’t work; is repaired 8. I can not understand you well, please pay more attention your pronunciation. A. at B. to C. on D. in 9. The lion is out of the zoo. It is to visitors. So they are . A. dangerous; in danger B. in danger; dangerous C. dangerous; dangerous D. in danger; danger 10. In order to keep balance of nature, we must think of ways to prevent wild plants and animals from . A. dying of B. dying from C. dying out D. dying away Ⅴ. 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 I’ve heard such a story. On a Friday 1 , a poor young artist stood at the gate of the subway station, playing his violin. The music was 2 , and many people 3 and put some money into the 4 of the young man. The next night, the young artist took out a large piece of 5 and laid it on the ground. Then he began 6 . The music sounded more pleasant. Some people gathered and they found the 7 on that paper. “Last night, a gentleman put a(n) 8 thing into my hat. Please come to get it back.” When the people saw that, they felt very curious and began to 9 what it could be. After about half an hour, a man 10 there in a hurry and said, “It can’t be true！You ...you ...” The young violinist asked, “Did you 11 something?” “Lottery (彩票).”the man answered 12 . The violinist took out a lottery ticket. “Is it？” he asked. The man was too 13 to say a word ...George Sang 14 a lottery ticket a few days ago. The awards(奖)opened yesterday and he won $500,000. So lucky and excited
did he feel that he 15 50 dollars and put it in the hat when hearing the music. However, the lottery ticket was also thrown into the hat without being noticed. The violinist found the lottery ticket. Thinking that the owner would 16 to look for it, he came back to where he was given the lottery ticket. Someone asked the violinist 17 he returned the lottery ticket to the man. He said, “ 18 I don’t have much 19 , I live happily; but if I lose 20 I won’t be happy forever.” 1. A. morning B. afternoon C. noon D. night 2. A. quiet B. beautiful C. familiar D. exciting 3. A. slowed down B. speeded up C. passed by D. went away 4. A. wallet B. bag C. hat D. box 5. A. paper B. glass C. plastic D. cloth 6. A. working B. waiting C. singing D. playing 7. A. poems B. articles C. words D. texts 8. A. important B. fantastic C. dangerous D. interesting 9. A. argue B. care C. expect D. guess 10. A. came B. rushed C. walked D. left 11. A. get B. find C. forget D. lose 12. A. quickly B. anxiously C. seriously D. carefully 13. A. confused B. anxiously C. excited D. surprised 14. A. bought B. made C. found D. sold 15. A. handed out B. took out C. hunted for D. picked up 16. A. forget B. remember C. return D. picked up 17. A. where B. why C. when D. how 18. A. If B. While C. Because D. Although 19. A. money B. food C. time D. luck 20. A. friendship B. hope C. love D. honesty Ⅵ. 阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 Exploring space is a dream shared by many people, but few have ever experienced the thrill of space adventure. A few years ago, that field was open only to those who worked for NASA or the space programs of other nations. But now private companies are getting into the space race.
Google and the X PRIZE Foundation have joined forces to challenge ordinary people to explore the moon. The first team that successfully soft-lands a robotic rover(天 体登陆车) on the moon will receive a $20 million prize. The second team to touch down on the moon will win $5 million. Teams can also win an additional $5 million in bonus prizes for completing tasks such as discovering water ice. To win, contestants(竞赛者) must land their craft on the surface of the moon and let it roam for more than 500 meters, or 1,640 feet. The craft must also send video and Internet clips (片断) back to Earth in real time. Google and the X PRIZE Foundation announced the competition on September 13, 2007. “The Google Lunar X Prize calls on entrepreneurs(企业家) and engineers from around the world to return us to the lunar surface and explore this environment for the benefit of all humanity,” said Peter H. Diamandis, the head of the foundation, when the contest was announced. “We hope to bring this historic private space race into every home and classroom,” he added. Teams are already gathering at the first commercial spaceport in the Mojave Dessert in California to work on their spaceship designs. Contestants have until December 31, 2012 to qualify(取得资格) for the contest, which ends in 2014. The last time humans went to the moon, the voyage inspired a generation of scientists and explorers. Google and the X PRIZE Foundation are hoping that their contest will get even more people to reach for the moon, the stars and beyond. 1. If the first team land their craft on the surface of the moon and discover water ice, how much prize money will they receive? A. $5 million. B. $10 million. C. $20 million. D. $25 million. 2. Why are Google and the X PRIZE Foundation calling on people to go to the moon? A. Further exploration of the moon will benefit mankind. B. They want everyone to join in the space race. C. They require video and Internet clips of the moon’s surface. D. They hope that new exploration will find life on the moon. 3. It can be learned from the passage that . A. no private company has ever set foot on the moon so far B. contestants can win the prize so long as they touch down on the moon C. contestants don’t have to design their own spaceships D. the contest will end in 2012 4. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. More scientists are working on spaceship designs. B. Google and the X PRIZE Foundation joined forces to land on the moon. C. More teams are encouraged to join in the race to explore the moon. D. The first commercial spaceport has just been completed in California.
1. respond 2. distant 3. effect 4. attention 5. protection 6. relief 7. importance 8. powerful 9. reserve 10. enemies Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词的适当形式填空 1. apply 2. affect 3. hunted 4. contains 5. dressed Ⅲ. 同义句转换 1. are being shown 2. was amazed; living 3. Money is being collected 4. used to be 5. It is hoped
Ⅳ. 单项填空 1. 解析：选 A。B 项形式错；D 项是对建议的回答；C 项表达看法，因此不合适。suggest 后 跟 v.-ing 形式，you 为 v.-ing 的逻辑主语。 2. 解析：选 B。have ...effect on 意为“对……有效果” 。 3. 解析：选 C。As a result 作用相当于副词，意为“因而” ，而 as a result of 为介词短 语，后跟名词。 4. 解析：选 D。in peace 相当于 peacefully，为固定搭配。 5. 解析：选 A。contain 侧重于所包含的内容，而 include 指某一部分也包括在整体内。 6. 解析： 选 A。 protect 侧重于 “保护， 免受伤害” ； prevent, keep 指 “阻止事情发生” ； defend 指“保护……不受侵略” 。 7. 解析：选 B。第一空表达手表的现在情况(doesn’t work)，而第二空表达现在正在进行的 动作。 8. 解析：选 B。pay attention to 为固定搭配。 9. 解析：选 A。be dangerous to 意为“对……有危险” ；in danger 意为“处于危险中” 。 10. 解析：选 C。die out 意为“动物的灭绝” 。die away 意为“(风，声音)渐息，渐弱，(树 木等)渐渐凋零” ；die of/from 意为“死于……” 。 Ⅴ. 完形填空 1. 解析：选 D。下文“The next night”暗示此处应填 night。故选 D。 2. 解析：选 B。逻辑推理题。从下文人们纷纷给钱可推知，音乐一定很美妙。故选 B。 3. 解析：选 A。逻辑推理题。从人们给钱的举动可知，他们一定是驻足倾听了，所以应该是 放慢脚步，而不可能是 speed up“加速” ；如果选 pass by “路过” ，经过那里的所有的人都 可以说是路过，那就与前面的 many people 矛盾，故可排除此项；go away 表示“走开，离开” 之意，不符合语境，可排除。故选 A。 4. 解析：选 C。上下文暗示题。从下文“into my hat”可知应是帽子。故选 C。 5. 解析：选 A。从下文“on that paper”可知，是一张纸。故选 A。 6. 解析：选 D。由下文“The music sounded more pleasant”可知，小提琴手开始演奏了。 故选 D。 7. 解析：选 C。根据下文纸上所写的内容可知，是几句话，故排除其他选项。 8. 解析：选 A。逻辑推理题。从下文可知，这件东西是中了 50 万美元的彩票，所以很重要。 故选 A。 9. 解析：选 D。逻辑推理题。人们并不知道究竟是什么东西，因此选 guess，其他三项均不
合乎语境。故选 D。 10. 解析：选 B。逻辑推理题。丢了这么重要的东西一定心急如焚，rush“冲，奔跑” ，最能 表现他急切的心情。故选 B。 11. 解析：选 D。彩票的主人如果发现彩票不见了，一定会认为是丢了。故小提琴手问他丢了 什么。故选 D。 12. 解析：选 B。逻辑推理题。quickly 仅仅指动作迅速，不能表现急迫的心情；anxiously 焦急地，忧心地；seriously 严肃地；carefully 谨慎地，小心地。中了 50 万美元的彩票不 见了，心急如焚有 anxiously 表现得最充分。故选 B。 13. 解析：选 C。逻辑推理题。彩票失而复得，心情肯定是无比激动。而且从上文他不敢相信 的情节也可推知此处是激动。故选 C。 14. 解析：选 A。逻辑推理题。中了奖，那之前肯定是购买了彩票。故选 A。 15. 解析：选 B。hand out 散发，分发；take out 拿出来；hunt for 搜寻；pick up 拾起， 接人。 “掏出 50 美元” ，能表示这个动作的只有 take out。故选 B。 16. 解析：选 C。逻辑推理题。发现彩票不见了，肯定要回来找的。故选 C。 17. 解析：选 B。下文回答的是原因，故选 B。 18. 解析：选 D。逻辑推理题。上下句是让步关系，句意为：虽然我没多少钱，但我生活得很 快乐。故选 D。 19. 解析：选 A。逻辑推理题。靠卖艺为生，必定是生活拮据，没多少钱。故选 A。 20. 解析：选 D。理解全文，小提琴手的行为诠释了“诚实”二字的意义，故此处选 honesty。 句意为：假如我没有了诚信，我永远也不会快乐。故选 D。 Ⅵ. 阅读理解 1. 解析：选 D。细节推断题。第二段第二句谈到“第—个将机器人探测器成功登月的团体将 得到 2,000 万美元的奖金” 。最后一句又谈到“完成发现水冰这样任务的团体还可以得到额外 的 500 万美元奖励” ，故总共为 2,500 万美元。 2. 解析：选 A。细节推断题。第四段第二句话谈到“The Google Lunar X Prize 呼吁全球的 企业家和工程师重返月球表面并为了全人类的利益来探索它的环境” 。 3. 解析：选 A。细节判断题。由第一段的“ ...that field was open only to ...private companies are getting into the space race”可知，目前还没有私人公司登月。 4. 解析：选 C。主旨大意题。文章讲述了 Google 与 X PRINE Foundation 不惜重金鼓励人们 探索月球，C 项很好地概括了这一主题。
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