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倒装句全面讲解和练习(答案)


初中英语倒装句
(一)倒装句的意义
1、适应一定的语法结构的需要,主要是指疑问句句型结构的需要。 E.g. Was the People’s Liberation Army founded in 1927? 2、为了强调某一部分,而把这部分放到句首,构成倒装。 e.g. Never have I been late for school this term.<

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(二)倒装的使用情况
一、部分倒装:就是把谓语中的 be 动词、助动词或情态动词置于主语前面。常见于下列几种情况: (一). only 所修饰的副词,介词短语或状语从句放在句首时,要用:only+ 状语+ be /助动词/情态动词+主语及其他 例如:Only when he told me the news did I know what had happened. 注意:only 修饰主语时,不需要倒装。例如:Among all the people, only you know the truth. 小试牛刀: Only in this way ________to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope

(二).含有否定意义的副词或连词放在句首时。如:never, little, seldom, not, not only, not until, no sooner (…than), hardly (…when), rarely, scarcely, in no way 等。 例如:We seldom get up at four in the morning.= Seldom do we get up at four in the morning. Not a single word from him could express his feelings. (1) hardly…when; scarcely…when…; no sooner…than… 可以用正常语序 had hardly done when… did 或用倒装 句式 Hardly had + 主语+ done when… did 句式。hardly 所在的句子用过去完成时。 例如:The bell hardly had rung when the class began. = Hardly had the bell rung when the class began. No sooner had he arrived in Beijing than he began to work. (2) not only… but also 如连接两个成分时,不用倒装;连接句子时, 前面的句子要用倒装。 例如:Not only was everything that he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship. Not only is he busy, but also I have a lot of work to do. 小试牛刀:1.I finally got the work I dreamed about. Never in all my life________ so happy! A. did I feel A. didn't I realize A. the game began B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt D. I realized D.had the game begun 2.Not until I began to work ________how much time I had wasted. B. did I realize C. I didn't realize 3.No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. B. has the game begun C. did the game begin

(三).在 so…that, such…that 句型中,若把 so, such 引导的结构放在句首时。 例如:So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch. 小试牛刀:So difficult _____it to live in an English-speaking country that I was determined to learn English well. A. I've felt B have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel

(四).省略了 if 的虚拟条件句中,把 were, had 或 should 放在句首时。 例如:If I were you, I would take the job. = Were I you, I would take the job. 小试牛刀:________it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to Yangpu Bridge. A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will
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(五).把副词 so 放在句首,表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人或物。 例如:I like reading English, so does he. (六).把 neither, nor 放在句首,表示前面的否定内容也适用于另一个人或物。 例如:If you won't go, neither will I. 小试牛刀:——I don't think I can walk any further. A. Neither and I B. Neither can I ——________, let's stop here for a rest. D. I think so C. I don't think so

(七)用于形容词/副词/名词/动词+as (though)引导的让步状语从句中。 注意:当表语为名词时,则名词前不加任何冠词;主谓并不倒装。 例如:Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. Child as he is, he knows a lot. 小试牛刀:________, I have never seen anyone who's as capable as John. A. As long as I have traveled C. Much as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much D. As I have traveled so much

(八).由 however, no matter how 引导的让步状语从句中,把 however+形容词/副词,no matter how+形容词/副词放 在句首时。 小试牛刀:________, mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he C. However is he late B. However he is late D. However late he is

(九)always \ often \ particularly \ many times \ many a time 放在句首时,句子进行部分倒装。 例如:Always am I amazed when I hear people saying that computers can replace teachers. 二、全部倒装:是把整个谓语部分放在主语之前。注意:谓语动词的数要与后面的主语保持一致。常见于几种情况: (一).用于地点副词 here, there,方位副词 out, in, up, down 及时间副词 now, then 等开头的句子里,以示强调。这类 倒装句式一般只用一般现在时和一般过去时。 例如:There goes the bell. 例如:Here it is. Look! Here they come. Away he went. Here we go 这种倒装要求:主语必须是名词。主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语语序不变。

(二).当表示地点的介词短语放句首时。注意:谓语多为 be, lie, sit, stand, come, walk 等不及物动词;倒装时不需要 助动词。 例如:Under the table are three white cats. In front of the tower flews a stream. (三)there 放在句首时,要用倒装句式。 在“there + be”结构中的谓语动词有时不用 be , 而用表示类似“存在”观念的其他不及物动词。如:live, stand, come, lie, flow, enter, rise 和 appear 等。 例如:There came shouts for help from the river.
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There lies a large wheat field in front of the house. (四).表语置于句首时,倒装结构为"表语+系动词+主语"。 (1)形容词+系动词+主语 例如:Present at the meeting was Mr. Green, a headmaster. (2)过去分词+系动词+主语 例如:Hidden behind the door were some naughty children. (3)介词短语+系动词+主语 例如:In front of the playground is a newly-built house. (五).有时由于主语较长,谓语很短,为保持句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,或使上下文紧密衔接时。 例如:They arrived at a house, in front of which sat an old man. (六).在一些表示祝愿的句子里。 例如:Long live the Communist Party of China! May you all be happy. 巩固练习 1 1._______ and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped A. In came Mr Brown 3. Over _______ , dead. A. rolling the goat A. There is it B. rolled the goat —_________. C. There is —Oh, ________. C. here does he come D. here comes he D. an old man entered D. Here is it C. did the goat roll D. the goat rolled 4.—Where is my shirt, mum? B. There it is 5. —Where is your father? A. here he comes A. enters an old man A. will come A. we advised B. comes B. The cat up jumped B. Mr Brown in came C. Up jumped the cat C. In came he D. Jumped up the cat 2.______ and the lesson began. D. came in Mr Brown

B. he here comes

6. The door opened and there ________ . B. entered an old man C. has come C. did an old man enter D. there is D. had we advised 7. Now ______ your turn to recite the text. 8. Often _____ them not to smoke here.() B. advised we C. did we advise 9.________ playing soldiers. A. Inside the room were two boys C. Were two boys inside the room 10. On the wall _______ two large portraits. A. are hanging B. hanged C. hang D. hangs 11._______ who was wounded in the stomach. A. Among them were a soldier C. Among them a soldier was B. Among them was a soldier D. Among they was a soldier
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B. Inside the room two boys D. Inside the room was two boys

12. Next door to ours ________ , who is no less than eighty. A. that lives an old man C. lives an old man A. so every one of us does C. so does every one of us A. so he does; so you do C. so does he; so do you A. So we were A. nor will Mary A. so am B. does an old man live D. where lives an old man B. every one of us does D. so do every one of us B. so he does; so do you D. so does he; so you do —__________. D. So did we D. or Mary does C. So were we

13.She plays the piano very well, ______.

14.You say he works hard, ______, and _____.

15. —I thought you women were present at the meeting. B. So we did B. and Mary doesn’t C. neither do 16.I don’t think Jack will come today, _____.

C. Mary will either D. nor do .

17. She is fond of cooking, _____I . B. nor am 18.Marx was born in Germany and German was his native language A. So it was with Angles A. So does a man A. had she been in; do A. did he speak A. Strange so was A. did they change A. are seeing A. they watch B. So was it with Angles B. So will a man B. she was in; make B. did he spoke B. So strange was B. they changed B. had I seen B. are they watching 19.A fish needs water and without water it will die._______. C. So it is with a man C. was she in; take C. spoke he C. Was so strange C. changed they D. have I seen D. do they watch D. So is it with a man D. she had been in ; have 20. So absorbed _______ the work that she often forgot to _____ her meals. 21.So loudly ______ that every one of the class could hear him. D. he spoke D. So was strange D. they did change 22. __________ his appearance that no one could recognize him. 23.Not once ______ their plan. 24. Never ______ such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. C. I have seen 25.Seldom ______ TV during the day. C. have they watched 26.Nowhere ______ as in my garden. A. the flowers were so beautiful C. so beautiful were the flowers A. finished he A. had they; than A. has he made A. had he begun B. he had finished B. they had; when B. does he make B. began he B. were the flowers so beautiful D. so beautiful the flowers were C. did he finish C. had they; when C. he made C. did he begin D. had he finished D. did they; when D. did he make D. does he begin
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C. So was Angles

D. So did Angles

27. Hardly ________ his homework when he went out. 28.Scarcely _____ finished their homework ______ I came into the classroom. 29. Not only _______ a promise, but also he kept it. 30. Not until his comrades criticized him _______ to admit his mistake.

答 AAACC



1 —5

CABBA

6—10

BBBDA

11—15

BCCBA

16—20

21—25 ABADD

26—30 BDCDC

练习 2:倒装句 1. Not until I began to work ____ how much time I had wasted. A. didn’t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized

2. Only by practising a few hours every day ____ be able to master the language. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you

3. If you don’t go, neither ____. A. shall I B. do I C. I do D. I shall

4. No sooner ____ to the station ____ the train left. A. had I got, when B. I had got, than C. had I got, than D. did I get, when

5. ---- Your father is very strict with you. ---- ____. He never lets off a single mistake of ours A. So he is B. So is he C. He is so D. So does he

6. ____ today, he would get there by Sunday. A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leave

7. Never in my life ____ such a thing. A. I have heard or have seen C. I have heard or seen 8. ---- Here ____! Where is Xiao Liu? A. comes the bus, is he C. the bus comes, is he 9. ____ , I will not buy it. A. Much as do I like it C. Much as I like it B. As much I like it D. As I like it much ---- ____. C. So it is with me D. So is it with me B. have I heard or seen D. did I hear or see ---- There ____. B. comes the bus, he is D. the bus comes, he is

10. ---- I like football. I don’t like volleyball. A. So do I B. Neither do I

11._____ the expense, I _____ to Italy. A. If it were not, go B. Were it not for, would go
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C. Weren't it for, will go

D. If it hadn t been, would have gone

12. So _____ in the darkness that he didn' t dare to move an inch. A. he was frightened C. frightened he was B. was he frightened D. frightened was he

13.—In modem times, girls like beautiful clothes. —Yes, _____ and boys. After all, our life has greatly improved. A. so do they; so do you C. so do they; so you do B. so they do; so you do D. so they do; so do you

14.—You have an English class every day except Sunday. --- _____. A. So we have B. So we do C. So have we D. So do we

15.1 wonder if your wife will go to the ball. If your wife _____, so _____ mine. A. does; will B.will; does C.will; would D.does; do

16. Only after I read the text over again _____ its main idea. A. that I knew B.did I knew C. 1 could know D. I did know

17.—You seem to have learned all the English words by heart. A.Sol do B.Sodol C. So I have D. So have 1

18. —I seldom watch TV, but listen to the radio a lot. A. So do I B. Neither do I C. I m the same D. So it is with me

19. So excited _____ that he couldn't say a word. A. he seemed B. did he seem C. was he seeming D. he did look

20. Jimmy was so nervous not a single word _____ down in the dictation. A. he wrote B. he was written C. did he write D. was he written

21. Little ______ when 1 took the trip where it would lead me. A. have I known B. had I known C. do 1 know — ____. D. did I know

22. —Have you ever seen anything like that before? A. No, I never have seen anything like that before B. No, never I have seen anything like that before C. No, never have 1 seen anything like that before D. No, I have seen anything like that before never 23. _____ , 1 would accept the invitation and go to the party. A. Were I you B. Was I you C. Had I been you

D. Would 1 be you

24. You should work less _____. A. and neither should I C. and nor should I B. and so should I D. and so I should
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25. _____ and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped C. Up jumped the cat B. The cat up jumped D. Jumped up the cat

26. Not only _____ a promise, but also he kept it. A. did he make C. does he make B. he made D. has he made _____.

27. His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. A. So is his aunt C. So his aunt does 28. Not once _____ their plan. A. did they change B. they changed C. changed they D. they did change B. So has his aunt D. So it is with his aunt

29.—Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? —I don't know, and ______ . A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also

30. Not until he arrived home _____ he find that this wallet had been stolen. A. did B. would C. when D. that — _____ such a big tree.

31. —This is one of the oldest trees in the world. A. Never I have seen C. Never have I seen B. I haven't never seen D. I have seen never

32. Nowhere else in the world _____ cheaper tailoring(裁缝业, 成衣业)than in Hong Kong. A. a tourist can find C. a tourist will find B. can a tourist find D. a tourist has found

33. _____ succeed in doing anything. A. Only by working hard we can C. Only we can by working hard B. By only working hard we can D. Only by working hard can we

34. _____ that we all went out, lying in the sun. A. So fine was the weather C. The weather was so fine was 35. ____ a nice man ____ that we all believe him. A. So; did he seem C. Such; he seemed B. So; he seemed D. Such; did he seem —_____. I have played many parts in a lot of films. C. So I do D. So I am B. So was the fine weather D. So the weather was tine

36. —You seem to be an actor. A. So do I 37. Not only B. So am I

____ working hard, but also ____ very polite.
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A. the boy is; he is

B. is the boy; he is

C. the boy is; is he

D. is the boy; is he

38. _____ , he never seems able to do the work beautifully. A. Try as he does B. As he tries C. Try as does he D. As try he does — _____. C. I can't neither D. Neither can I

39.—I cannot see the picture well from here. A. Neither can t I B. Neither I can

40.— You ought to have given them some advice — _____, but who cared what I asked? A. So ought you B. So 1 ought C. So it was D. So I did

41. So carelessly _____ that he almost killed himself. A. he drives B. does he drive C. did he drive D. he drove

42. Little _____ about his own health though he was very ill. A. he cared B. did he care C. he cares D. does he care

43. Well ____ know him and well ____ know me. A. I did; he did B. did I; he did C. did I; did he D. I did; did he

44. No sooner ____ they rushed out into the street. A. did they hear the news than C. had they heard the news than 45. Little wonder _____ up their hands in dismay. A. have some thrown C. thrown some have B. some have thrown D. have thrown some B. did they hear the news when D. had they heard the news when

46. _____ , he would have passed the exam. A. If he were to study B. If he studied hard

C. Had he studied hard D. Should he study hard 47. We were lucky enough, for no sooner _____ home _____ it rained. A. we returned; and C.did we return; when B. we had returned; when D. had we returned; than

48. So little _____ agree on the plan that they could not settle their difference. A. did they B. do they C. they did D. they did not

49. _____ he realized it was too late to return home. A. No sooner it grew dark than C. It was not until dark that B. Hardly did it grow dark when D. It was until dark that

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参考答案 语法复习七:倒装句 1~5 BDACA 6~10 CBBCC 11~15 BDDBA 16~20 BADBC 21~25 DCABC 26~30 ADABA 31~35 CBDAD 36~40 DBADD 41~45 CBCCB 46~49 CDAC

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