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1. 必修一 Unit1 安妮最好的朋友 Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 你是不是想有一位 无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through?或者你是不是担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前经历的困境呢?Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.安妮· 弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,于是她就把日记当成 了她最好的朋友。 Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II.安妮在第二次世界大战期间住在荷兰的阿姆斯特 丹。Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis.她一家人都是犹太人, 所 以 他 们 不 得 不 躲 藏 起 来 , 否 则 他 们 就 会 被 德 国 纳 粹 抓 去 。 She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered.她和她的家人躲藏了将近 25 个月之后才被发现。During that time the only true friend was her diary.在这段时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的日记了。She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.”她说,“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把这本日记当作我的朋友,我要把我这个朋友称 作基蒂”。Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.安妮自从 1942 年 7 月起就躲藏在那 儿了,现在,来看看她的心情吧。 Dear kitty,亲爱的基蒂: I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故, 我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。 That’s changed since I came here.自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。 …For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself.…比方说,有天晚上天气很暖和,我熬到 11 点半故意不睡觉,为的是独 自好好看看月亮。But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window.但是因为月光太亮了,我不 敢打开窗户。Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open.还有一 次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的。I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut.我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…漆黑的夜晚,风吹 雨打,雷电交加,我全然被这种力量镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚…… …Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows.……令人伤心的 是……我只能透过脏兮兮的窗帘观看大自然,窗帘悬挂在沾满灰尘的窗前。It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.观看这些已经不再是乐趣, 因为大自然是你必 须亲身体验的。 Yours, Anne 你的安妮 2. 必修一 Unit 1 Using Language Dear Miss Wang, 亲爱的王小姐: I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. 我同班上的同学有件麻烦事。 I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. 我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处很好.We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. 我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意相互帮助。We have become really good friends. 我们成 了非常好的朋友。But other students have started gossiping. 可是,其他同学却开始在背后议论起来.They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry.他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do? 我不想中断这段友谊,但是我又讨厌人家 背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢? Reading and writing Dear Miss Wang,尊敬的编辑: I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School.我是湖州高中的一名学生。I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people.我有一个难题,我不太善于同人们交际。Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them.虽然我的确试着去跟班上的同学交谈,但是我还是发现很难跟他们成

为好朋友。So I feel quite lonely sometimes.因此,有时候我感到十分孤独。I do want to change this situation, but I don’t know how.我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道该怎么办。I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感激的。 Yours, Xiaodong 3. 必修一 Unit2 THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH 通向现代英语之路 At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. 16 世纪末期大约有 5 百万到 7 百万 人说英语. Nearly all of them lived in England.几乎所有这些人都生活在英国。Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.后来, 在 17 世纪英国人开始航海征服了世界其它地区。 于是, 许多别的国家开始说英语了。 Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before.如今说英语的人比以往任何时 候都多,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或外语。 Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。请看以下例子: British Betty: Would you like to see my flat? 英国人贝蒂:“请到我的公寓(flat)里来看看,好吗?” American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment. 美国人艾米:“好的。我很乐意到你的公寓(apartment)去。” So why has English changed over time?那么,英语在一段时间里为什么会起变化呢?Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other.事实上,当不同文化互相交流渗透时,所有的语 言都会有所发展,有所变化。At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.首先, 在公元 450 年到 1150 年间, 人们所说的英语跟今天所说的英语就很 不一样。It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的, 而现代英语不是。Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French.然后,渐渐地,大约在公元 800 年到 1150 年期间,英语不那 么像德语了。 因为那时的英国的统治者起初讲丹麦语后来讲法语。 These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. 这些新的定居者大大丰富了英语语言,特别是在词汇方面。 So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.所以到 17 世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比 以前任何时期都大。 In 1620 some British settlers moved to America.在 1620 年, 一些英国人搬迁到美洲定居。 Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries. 后 来,到了 19 世纪,有些英国人也被送往澳大利亚,两个国家的人都开始说英语了。 Finally by the 19th century the language was settled.最后, 到 20 世纪, 英语才真正定形。 At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language.那时,英语在拼写上发生了两大变化:首先,塞缪尔· 约翰逊编写了词典,后 来,诺厄· 韦伯斯特编纂了《美国英语词典》 ,The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.后者体 现了美国英语拼写的不同特色。 English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia.现在,英语在南亚也被当作外语或第二语 言来说。 For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.比如说, 印度拥有众多讲英语很流利的人, 这是因为英国于 1765 年到 1947 年统治过印度。 During that time English became the language for government and education.在那期间, 英语成了官方语言和教育用语。 English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa.在新加坡、 马来西亚和非洲其它国家, 比如南非,人们也说英语。Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.目前在中国学 习英语的人数正在迅速增长。In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners.事实上,中国可能拥有 世界上最多的英语学习者。Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.中国英语会发展出自 己的特色吗?这只能由时间来回答了。 4. 必修一 Unit2 STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS 标准英语和方言 What is standard English?什么是标准英语?Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? 是在英国、 美国、 加拿大、 澳大利亚、 印度、 新西兰所说的英语吗?Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard

English.信不信由你, (世界上)没有什么标准英语。Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English.许多人认为, 电视和收音机里所说的就是标准英语。 This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.这是因为在早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻播音 员所说的英语是最好的英语。However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.然而, 在电视和收音机里,你也会听出人们在说话时的差异。 When people use words and expressions different from “standard language”, it is called a dialect.当人们用不同于“标 准语言”的词语时,那就叫做方言。American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects.美国英语有许多方言, 特别是中西部和南部地区的方言, 以及黑人和西班牙人的方 言。Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently.在美国有些地区, 即使是相邻城镇的两个人所说的语言都可能稍有不同。American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.美国英语之所以有这么多的方言是因为美国人是来自世界各地的缘故。 Geography also plays a part in making dialects.地理位置对方言的产生也有影响。Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect.住在美国东部山区的一些人说着比较古老 的英语方言。 When Americans moved from one place to another, they took their dialects with them.当美国人从一个地 方搬到另一个地方时,他们也就把他们的方言随着带去了。So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.因此, 美国东南部山区的人同美国西北部的人 所说的方言就几乎相同。The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.美国是一个使用多 种方言的大国。 Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.虽然许 多美国人经常搬迁,但是他们仍然能够辨别、理解彼此的方言。 5. 必修一 Unit 3JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG 沿湄公河而下的旅程 PART 1 THE DREAM AND THE PLAN 第一部分梦想与计划 My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.我的名字叫王坤。 从高中起, 我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次伟大的自行车旅行。 Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one.两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地自行车,然后还 说服我买了一辆(山地车) 。Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming.去 年她去看望了我们的表兄弟 ——在昆明读大学的刀卫和宇航。 They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries.他们 是傣族人,在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的地方长大,湄公河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江,在其他国家(境内) 叫湄公河。Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too.很快,王薇使表兄弟也对骑车旅游产生了兴趣。After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅 行。 I asked my sister, "Where are we going?"我问我姐姐: “我们要去哪儿?” It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅 游的是我的姐姐。Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.现在她正在为我们的旅行制定计划。 I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn.我很喜欢我姐姐,但是她有一 个很严重的缺点。 她有时确实很固执。 Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽 美。Now, I know that the proper way is always her way.于是,我就知道这个尽善尽美的方式总是她的方式。I kept asking her, "When are we leaving and when are we coming back?" I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet.我 不停地问她,“我们什么时候出发?什么时候回来?”我还问她是否看过地图。Of course, she hadn't; my sister doesn't care about details.当然她并没有看过——我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.于是,我告诉她,湄公河的源头在青海省。She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。 When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it.我说, 我们的旅行将从 5, 000 多米的高地出发,这时她似乎显得很兴奋。When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且 天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.我非常了解我的姐姐,她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好 让步了。

Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library.在我们旅行前的几个月,王薇和我去了图书馆。 We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography.我们找到一本大型地图册,里面有一 些世界地理的明细图。From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. 我们从图上可以看到,湄公河发源于西藏一座山上的冰川。At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly.起初,江面很小,河水清澈而冷冽,然后它开始快速流动。It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province.它穿过深谷时就变成了急流, 流经云南西部。 Sometimes the river becomes a waterfall and enters wide valleys.有时,这条江形成瀑布,进入宽阔的峡谷。We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.我们俩惊奇地发现这条河有一半是在中国境内。After it leaves China and the high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm.当流出中国,流出高地之后,湄公河 就变宽了,变暖了,河水也变成了黄褐色。As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows.而当它进入东南亚以后, 流速减缓, 河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿 过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea.最后,湄公河三角洲的各支流流 入中国南海。 6. 必修一 Unit3 夜晚的西藏山景 PART 2 A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS 第二部分山中一宿 Although it was autumn, the snow was already beginning to fall in Tibet.虽然是秋天, 但是西藏已经开始下雪了。 Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice.我们的腿又沉又冷, 感觉就像大冰块。 Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles?你看到过雪人骑自行车吗?That's what we looked like!我们看上去就像那样。 Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us.一路上,一些身着羊毛大衣的孩子们停下来看着我们。In the late afternoon we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze.下午晚些时候,我们发现由于天冷我们的水壶 都冻上了。 However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful.然而, 湖水在落日的余晖下闪 亮如镜,景色迷人。Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very reliable and I knew I didn’t need to encourage her.像往常一样, 王薇在我的前面, 她很可靠, 我知道我用不着给她鼓劲儿。 To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. We seemed to be able to see for miles.上山很艰难, 但是当 我们环顾四周, (眼前的) 景色让我们感到惊奇, 我们似乎能看到几百里以外的地方。 At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds.在某个时刻,我们发现自己置身高处,彷佛骑车穿越云层。Then we began going down the hills.It was great fun especially as it gradually became much warmer. 然后我们开始下山,这非 常有趣, 特别是天气逐渐变得暖和多了。 In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and we saw many yaks and sheep eating green grass.在山谷里,五彩斑斓的蝴蝶翩翩飞舞在我们身旁, 我们还看到牦牛和羊群在吃草。At this point we had to change our caps, coats, gloves and trousers for T-shirts and shorts.这时,我们不得不把帽子、外衣、 手套和长裤脱掉,换成 T 恤衫和短裤。 In the early evening we always stop to make camp. We put up our tent and then we eat.一到傍晚,我们通常就停下来 宿营, (于是) ,我们先把帐篷支起来,然后吃饭。After supper Wang Wei put her head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed awake.晚饭后, 王薇把头放在枕头上就睡觉了, 而我却醒着。 At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew brighter.半夜里, 天空变得清朗了, 星星更亮了。 It was so quiet. There was almost no wind-only the flames of our fire for company. (夜晚) 非常安静——几乎没有风, 只有篝火的火焰和我们做伴。 As I lay beneath the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled.当我躺在星空下,我想着我们已经走了多远。 We will reach Dali in Yunnan Province soon, where our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us. We can hardly wait to see them!我们很快就要到达云南的大理。在那里,我们的表兄弟刀卫和宇航将加入我们的行列。我们迫不及 待地想要见到他们! 7. 必修一 Unit4 A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN'T SLEEP 地球的一个不眠之夜 Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei.河北省东北部的农村不断有些怪事发生:For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell.三天来,村子里的井水升升降降,起起伏伏。 Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks.农夫注意到,水井的 井壁上有深深的裂缝,裂缝里冒出臭气。In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat.农 家大院里的鸡,甚至猪都紧张得不想吃食。Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds.老鼠从田地里跑出来找地方藏身。鱼缸和池塘里的鱼会往外跳。At about 3:00 am on July 28,1976,some people saw bright lights in the sky.在 1976 年 7 月 28 日凌晨 3 点左右,有些人看到天上一道道明亮

的光。The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky.即使天空 没有飞机,在唐山城外也可以听到飞机声。In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. but the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.在市内, 有些建筑物里 的水管爆裂开来。但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 At 3:42 am everything began to shake.在凌晨 3 点 42 分, 一切都开始摇晃起来。 It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日!Eleven kilometres directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. 二十世纪最大的一次地震就在唐山市正下方 11 公里处发生了。 It was felt in Beijing, which is one hundred kilometres away. One-third of the nation felt it.100 公里以外的北京市都感到了地震, 全国 1 / 3 的地方都有震感。 A huge crack that was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals.一条 8 公里长 30 米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍、 马路和渠道。 Steam burst from holes in the ground.地上一些洞穴冒出了蒸气。 Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt.石头山变成了泥沙河,In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.在可怕的 15 秒 钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。The suffering of the people was extreme.人们遭受的灾难极为深重。 Two-thirds of them died or were injured. 2/3 的人在地震中死去或受伤。Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents. 成千上万个家庭遇难,许多孩子变成了孤儿。The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.死伤的人数达到 40 多万。 But how could the survivors believe it was natural?幸存的人们又怎么能相信这是自然现象呢?Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. 人 们 无 论朝 哪 里 看, 哪 里的 一 切都 几 乎 被毁 了 。 All of the city's hospitals,75%of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone.所有的市内医院、75%的工厂和建筑物、 90%的家园都消失了。Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. 残砖就像秋天的红叶覆盖着大地, 然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。 Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for travelling.两座大坝垮了,多数桥梁不是塌了就是无法安全通行了。The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel.铁轨如今成了一条条废钢。 Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again.好几万头牛 再也挤不出奶来。Half a million pigs and millions of chickens were dead.50 万头猪和几百万只鸡全都死了。Sand now filled the wells instead of water.井里满是沙子,而不是水。People were shocked.人们惊呆了。Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan.接着,在下午晚些时候,又 一次和第一次一样的强烈的地震震撼着唐山。Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. 有些医生和救援人员被困在废墟下面。 More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get.更多的 房屋倒塌了。水、电和食物都很难弄到。People began to wonder how long the disaster would last.人们开始纳闷, 这场灾难还会持续多久。 All hope was not lost.不是所有的希望都破灭了。Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped.地震后不久,部队派了 15 万名战士到唐山来 协助救援人员, 数十万的人得到了救助。 The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.部队人员组成小分队,将受困的人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there.在唐山市的北边, 有一个万名矿工的煤矿, 其中多数人得救了。 Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.援救人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所,Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane.用火车、卡车和飞机向市内运来了水。Slowly, the city began to breathe again. 慢慢地、慢慢地,这座城市又开始出现了生机。 8. 必修一 Unit 4 Reading and speaking Office of the City Government 唐山市政府办公室 Tangshan, Hebei China July5,2007 Dear____, 亲爱的______________: Congratulations!恭喜你!We are pleased to tell you that you have won the high school speaking competition about new Tangshan.我们很高兴地告诉你,你在以新唐山为主题的中学演讲比赛中获得第一名。Your speech was heard by a group of five judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best one this year.评委会的五位评委听了你的演讲, 他们都认 为你的演讲是今年最好的。 Your parents and your school should be very proud of you!你的父母亲和你的学校会为你 而骄傲!

Next month the city will open a new park to honour those who died in the terrible disaster. The park will also honour those who helped the survivors.下个月我们市将开放一个新公园,以纪念在那次可怕的灾难中死去的人们,并向 那些曾经为幸存者提供过帮助的人们致敬。Our office would like to have you speak to the park visitors on July 28 at 11:00 am.我们办公室想请你在 7 月 28 日上午 11 点给来公园的参观者进行演讲。As you know, this is the day the quake happened thirty-____years ago.你知道,三十()年前的这一天正是唐山发生地震的日子。 We invite you to bring your family and friends on that special day.在这个特殊的日子里, 我们邀请你把家人和朋友一 起带来。 Sincerely, Zhang Sha 诚挚的 张沙 9. 必修一 Unit 5 ELIAS’ STORY 伊莱亚斯的故事 My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa.我的名字叫伊莱亚斯。我是南非的一个穷苦的黑人工 人。The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life.第一次见到纳尔逊· 曼德拉的时 候, 是我一生中非常艰难的时期。 I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice.(当时)我才 12 岁,那是在 1952 年,曼德拉是我寻求帮助的一位黑人律师。He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems.他为那些穷苦黑人提供法律指导。He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。 I needed his help because I had very little education.由于我所受的教育很少, 所以我需要他的帮助。 I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away.我六岁开始上学,我仅仅在那里读了两 年的学校有三公里远。I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare.我 不得不辍学,因为我的家庭无法继续支付学费和交通费。I could not read or write well.我既不太会读,也不怎么 会写。After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine.几经周折,我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg.然而在那个时候,你要想住在约翰内斯堡就非得 要有身份证不可。 Sadly I did not have it because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work.糟糕的是我没有这个证件,因为我不是在那里出生的,我很担心我是不是会失业。 The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest.纳尔逊· 曼德拉给予我帮助的那一天是我一生中 最高兴的日子。 He told me how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg.他告诉我要想在约翰内斯堡 立住脚,应当如何获取所需证件。I became more hopeful about my future.我对自己的未来又充满了希望。I never forgot how kind Mandela was.我永远也忘记不了他对我的恩情,When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could.当他组织了非国大青年联盟时,我马上就参加了这个组织。He said:“The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.”他说:“过去 30 年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天, 我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。” It was the truth.他说的是真话。Black people could not vote or choose their leaders.当时黑人没有选举权,他们无权 选择他们的领导人。They could not get the jobs they wanted. 他们不能做自己想要做的工作。The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. 他们所能住的城区都是由白人决定的。 The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa.他们被打发去住的城外地区是南非最贫穷 的地区。No one could grow food there.在那儿,没有人能够种庄稼。In fact as Nelson Mandela said:事实上,就像 拉尔逊· 曼德拉所说的: “…we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. “…… 我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。We chose to attack the laws. 我们选择向法律进攻。We first broke the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed 首先我们用和 平的方式来破坏法律,而当这种方式也得不到允许时, …only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.……只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。” As a matter of fact, I do not like violence…but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings.事实上, 我并 不喜欢暴力,……但是在 1963 年的时候,我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison.那是很危险的事情, 因为如果我被抓住了, 可能就会被关进监狱。 But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.但是,我乐于帮忙,

因为我知道,这是为了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。 10. 必修一 Unit 5 THE REST OF ELIAS' STORY 伊莱亚斯的故事续篇 You cannot imagine how the name of Robben Island made us afraid.你无法想象罗本岛这个名字听起来多么令我们 恐惧。It was a prison from which no one escaped.那是一座任何人也逃不出去的监狱。There I spent the hardest time of my life.在那里我度过了我一生中最艰难的岁月。But when I got there Nelsom Mandela was also there and he helped me.但是我到那里时,纳尔逊· 曼德拉也在那儿,他又帮助了我。Mr. Mandela began a school for those of us who had little learning.曼德拉先生为我们那些几乎没有上过学的人开办学校。He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep.他在午餐后的休息时间以及晚上本来该睡觉的时间教我们学 习。 We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see the words.我们躲在毯子 下面读书,我们用可以找到的任何东西作蜡烛来看书。I became a good student. I wanted to study for my degree but I was not allowed to do that.我成了一名好学生,想要为我的学位而学习,但是别人不允许我这样做。Later, Mr. Mandela allowed the prison guards to join us.后来, 曼德拉先生让狱卒参加我们一起学习。 He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees.他说他们不应该被剥夺通过学习获得学位的权利。They were not cleverer than me , but they did pass their exams.他们并不比我更聪明,却通过了考试,So I knew I could get a degree too.因 此我就知道我也能够拿到学位。That made me feel good about myself.这让我觉得自己还不错。 When I finished the four years in prison, I went to find a job.在监狱里呆完四年之后,我去找工作。Since I was better educated, I got a job working in an office.因为我受过比较好的教育,我得到了一份做办公室的工作。However, the police found out and told my boss that I had been in prison for blowing up government buildings. So I lost my job.可是 警察局发现了,告诉了我的老板,说我因为炸政府大楼而坐过牢。于是我失业了。I did not work again for twenty years until M r Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1994.在曼德拉和非国大于 1994 年掌权之前,我有 20 年没 有工作。 All that time my wife and children had to beg for food and help from relatives or friends.在此期间, 我的妻儿 只得从亲戚朋友处讨饭吃,并乞求帮助。Luckily Mr. Mandela remembered me and gave me a job taking tourists around my old prison on Robben Island.幸亏曼德拉先生还记得我,给了我一份工作,叫我带着旅行团去参观罗本 岛上我住过的那座就监狱。I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.第一次给旅行团做讲解时,我的心情很不好。 All the terror and fear of that time came back to me.我回忆起那时所有的恐怖和令人畏惧的情景。I remembered the beatings and the cruelty of the guards and my friends who had died.我记起了狱卒的鞭打和暴行,我想到了我那些死 去的朋友,I felt I would not be able to do it, but my family encouraged me.我觉得我做不了这样的(导游的)工作。 但是我的家人却鼓励我,They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks.他们说,从南非新政府得到的这份工作和薪饷,是我毕生为 争取黑人的平等权利而斗争所得到的回报。So now I am proud to show visitors over the prison, for I helped to make our people free in their own land.现在,我还能给参观者介绍有关监狱的情况,对此我感到非常骄傲,因为我曾经 为黑人在自己的国土上争取自由而出过力。



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