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高中英语词汇3500词英文版


高中英语词汇3500

accustomed[kstmd] a. , ache[ek] vi.& n. achieve[tiv] vt. achievement[tivmnt] n. ,, acid[sd] a. acknowledge [knld] v. acquaintance[kwentns] n. acquire[kwa(r)] v. acqu

isition[kwz()n] n. acre[ek(r)] n. across[krs] prep. act[kt] n. v. action[k()n] n. active[ktv] a. activity[ktvt] n. actor[kt(r)] n. actress[ktrs] n. actual[ktl] a. acute a., AD n. ad[d] () =advertisement n. adapt[dpt] v. adaptation[dpte()n] n. add[d] vt. addicted[dktd] a. addition[d()n] n.; address[dres] n. adequate[dkwt] a. adjust[dst] v.,,, adjustment[dstmnt] n. administration[dmnstre()n] n., admirable[dmrb()l] a., admire[dma(r)] v. admission[dm()n] n. , admit[dmt] vt. adolescence[d'lesns] n. adolescent[dlesnt] n. adopt[dpt] v.
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A
abandon[bndn] ability[blt] able [eb()l] abnormal [bnm()l] aboard[bd] abolish[bl] abortion[b()n] about[bat] above [bv] abroad[brd] abrupt[brpt] absence[bsns] absent [bsnt] absolute [bslut] absorb [bsb] abstract [bstrkt] absurd [bsd] abundant [bndnt] abuse [bjuz] academic [kdemk] academy [kdm] n., accelerate [kselret] v. accent [ksnt] n. accept [ksept] vt. access [kses] n. / v. accessible [ksesb()l] a. accident[ksdnt] n. accommodation[kmde()n] n. accompany[kmpn] v. accomplish[kmpl] v. according to[kd t] ad. account[kant] n. ; accountant[kant()nt] n. accumulate [kjumjlet] v. accuracy [kjrs] n. accuse[kjuz] v. ,

adore[d(r)] v. adult[dlt] n. advance[dvns; (US) dvns] v. advantage[dvntd] n. adventure[dvent(r)] n. advertise[dvtaz] vt. advertisement[dvtsmnt] n. advice[dvas] n. advise[dvaz] vt. advocate[dvkt] v. aeroplane[`er,plen] n. () affair[fe(r)] n. affect[fekt] vt. affection[fek()n] n. afford[fd] vt. afraid[fred] a. Africa [frk]* n. African[frkn] a. n. conj.

air[e(r)] n. aircraft[ekrft] n. () airline n. airmail[emel] n. airplane[eplen] n. airport[ept] n. airspace[espes] n., alarm[lm] n. album[lbm] n. alcohol[lkhl] n. alcoholic[lkhlk] a. / n. algebra[ldbr] n. alike[lak] ad. alive[lav] a. all[l] ad. a. ;;; pron.; allergic[ldk] a. alley[l] n. allocate[lket] v. ,, allow[la] vt. allowance[lans] n. almost[lmst] ad. alone[ln] a. along[l; (US) l] ad. prep. alongside[lsad; (US) lsad] ad., aloud[lad] ad. alphabet[lfbet] n. already[lred] ad. also[ls] ad. alternative[ltntv] a., although[l] conj. altitude[lttjud; (US) lttud] n. altogether[lte(r)] ad. aluminium[ljmnm] n. always[lwez] ad. am/m/ v. be .m./A.M. n. amateur[mt(r)] a. amaze[mez] v.
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afte[ft(r)]r ad. prep. afternoon[ftnun] n.

afterward(s) [ftwd(z)] ad. again[en] ad. against[enst] prep. age[ed] n. agency[edns] n. agenda[dend] n. agent[ednt] n. aggression[re()n] n. aggressive[resv] a. ago [] ad. agree[ri] v. agreement[rimnt] n. agricultural[rkltr()l] a. agriculture[rklt(r)] n. ahead[hed] ad. aid[ed] n. AIDS[edz] n. aim[em] n. v.

amazing[mez] a.,; ambassador (ambassadress) [mbsd(r)] n. ambiguous[mbjs] a. ambition[mb()n] n.,,, ambulance[mbjlns] n. America[merk] * n. American[merkn] a. n. among[m] prep. amount[mant] n. / v. ample[mp()l] a. amuse[mjuz] vt. amusement[mjuzmnt] n. analyze/ `nl,az / analysis[nlss] n. ancestor[nsst(r)] n. acchor v. / n. ancient[ennt] a. and[nd, nd] conj. anecdote[nkdt] n. anger[(r)] n. angle[()l] n. angry[nr] a. animal[nm()l] n. ankle[k()l] n. anniversary[nvsr] n. announce[nans] vt. announcement[nansmnt] n. annoy[n] vt. annual[njl] a. another[n(r)] a. pron. v.

any[en] pron. anybody[enbd] pron. anyhow[enha] ad. anyone[enwn] pron. anything[en] pron. anywa[enwe]y ad. anywhere[enwe(r)] ad. apart[pt] ad, / a. apartment[ptmnt] n. apologize[pldaz] vi. apology[pld] n. apparent[prnt] a. appeal[pil] v. appear[p(r)] vi. appearance[prns] n. appendix [pendks]n. appetite[ptat] n. applaud[pld] v. / n. ,, apple[p()l] n. applicant[plknt] n. application[plke()n] n. apply [pla]v. appoint[pnt] v. appointment[pntmnt] n. appreciate[priet] v. appreciation[prie()n] n. ,, approach[prt] n. / v. appropriate[prprt] a. approve[pruv] v.,,, approximately[prksmtl] ad. apron[eprn] n. arbitrary[btrr; (US) rbtrer] a. arch[t] n. architect[ktekt] n. * n. architecture[ktekt(r)] n. April[epr()l] n. 4 Arab[rb] * a. n. Arabic[rbk] a. n.
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answer[ns(r); (US) nsr] n.,;; v.,;; ant[nt] n. Antarctic [ntktk]a. the Antarctic[ntktk] Antarctica[n't:ktik] antique[ntik] n. anxiety[zat] n. anxious[ks] a.

Arctic[ktk] a. the Arctic[ktk] the Arctic Ocean[ktk ()n] are[(r)] v.(be) area[er] n. argue [ju]vi. argument[jmnt] n. arise (arose, arisen) [raz] vi. arithmetic[rmtk] n. arm[m] n. , v. ,n. , armchair[mte(r)] n. army[m] n. around[rand] ad. prep. arrange[rend] v. arrangement [rendmnt]n. arrest[rest] v. arrival[rav()l] n. arrive[rav] vi. arrow[r] n. art[t] n. article[tk()l] n.;,; artificial[tf()l]a. artist[tst] n. as[z, z] ad.& conj. prep. ash[] n. ashamed[emd] a. Asia[e]* n. Asian[e()n, e()n] a. n. aside[sad] ad. ask[sk] v. asleep[slip] a. aspect[spekt] n. assess[ses] v.,, assessment[sesmnt] n. assist [sst]v. assistance[sst()ns] n. assistant[sst()nt] n. associate[set] v.

association[sse()n] n. assume[sjum; (US) sum] v. assumption[smp()n] n. astonish[stn] vt. astronaut[strnt] n. astronomer[strnm(r)] n. astronomy[strnm] n. at[t] prep.; athlete[lit] n. athletic[letk] a. , athletics[letks] n. Atlantic[tlntk] a. the Atlantic Ocean[tlntk ()n] atmosphere[tmsf(r)] n. atom[tm] n. attach[tt] v. attack[tk] vt. / n. attain[ten] v., attempt[tempt] vt. attend[tend] v. attention[ten()n] n. attentively['tentivli] ad.

attitude[ttjud; (US) ttud] n. attract[trkt] v. attraction[trk()n] n. attractive[trktv] a. audience[dns] n. authentic[entk] a. author[(r)] n. authority [rt] n.,,, automatic[tmtk] a. autonomous[tnms] a. August[st] n. 8 aunt[nt; (US) nt] n. Australia[strelj] * n. Australian[streln] a. n. autumn[tm] n. available[tm] a.
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avenue[vnjuvnu] n. average[vrd] a. n. avoid[vd] v. awake (awoke, awoken) [wek] v. award[wd] n. aware[we(r)] a. away[we] ad. awesome[sm] a., awful[fl] a. awkward[kwd] a., a.

bank[bk] n.

n.

bank account[bk kant] n. bar[b(r)] n. n. barbecue[bbkju] n. barber[bb(r)] n. barbershop/ `brbr,p / n. bare[be(r)] a. bargain[bn] n. v. bark[bk] v. n. barrier['br] n.

B
Baby[beb] n. bachelor[btl(r)] n. back[bk] ad. a. n.

base[bes] n. baseball[besbl] n. basement[besmnt] n. basic[besk] a. basin[bes()n] n. basis[bess] n. basket[bskt; (US) bskt] n. basketball[bsktbl] n. bat[bt] n. n. bath[b; (US) b] n. bathe[be] vi. bathrobe[brb] n. bathroom[brum] n. bathtub['b:tb] battery[btr] n. battle[bt()l] n. battleground[bt()lrand] n. bay[be] n. BC/bisi/ n. be[bi] v. ,(am, is, are, was, were, being, been) beach[bit] n. beam[bim] n. bean[bin] n. beancurd['bi:nk:d] n. bear[be(r)] v. beard[bd] n. beast[bist]n. beat (beat, beaten) [bit] v. n.
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backache[bkek] n. background[bkrand] n. backward(s) [bkwd] ad. bacon[bekn] n. bacterium[bktrm] (bacteria) n. bad (worse, worst) [bd] a. badly[bdl] ad. badminton[bdmntn] n. bag[b] n. baggage[bd] n. bake[bek] v. bakery[bekr] n. balance[blns] n. balcony[blkn] n. ball[bl] n. n. ballet[ble] n. balloon[blun] n. ballpoint = ballpoint pen/ `bl,pnt / bamboo[bmbu] n. ban[bn] n. v.

n.

banana[bnn; (US) bnn] n. band[bnd] n. bandage[bndd] n. bang[b] int.

n.

beautiful[bjutf()l] a. beauty[bjut] n. because[bkz; (US) bkz] conj. become (became, be come) [bkm] v. bed[bed] n. bedclothes[bedklz] n. beddings[bed] n. bedroom[bedrum] n. bee[bi] n.. beef[bif] n. beehive[bihav] n. beer[b(r)] n. before[bf(r)] prep. beg[be] v. begin(began,begun) [bn] v., beginning[bn] n. behalf[bhf] n. behave[bhev] v. behaviour/ b`hevjr / n. ad. conj.

best--seller[best-sel(r)] n. better (good, well ) [bet(r)] a.& ad. betray[btre] v.,, between[btwin] prep. beyond[bjnd] prep. () bicycle[bask()l] n. bid[bd] v./ n. big[b] a. bike = bicycle[bak] n. bill[bl] n. billion[bln] num. bingo[b] n. biochemistry n. biography[barf] n. biology[bald] n. bird[bd] n. birdcage[bdked] n. birth[b] n. birthday[bde] n. birthplace[bples] n. biscuit[bskt] n. bishop[bp] n. bit[bt] n. bite (bit, bitten)[bat] v. bitter[bt(r)] a. black[blk] n. a. blackboard[blkbd] n. blame[blem] n.& v. blank[blk] n.& a. blanket[blkt] n. bleed[blid] vi. bless[bles] vt. blind[bland] a. block[blk] n. vt. blood[bld] n. blouse[blaz; u.S. blas] n. ad. blow[bl] n. blow (blew, blown)[bl] v.
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n.

v.

behind [bhand]prep. () ad. being[bi] n. Belgium[beldm] * n. belief[blif] n. believe[bliv] v. bell[bel] n. ,;(); belly[bel] n. belong[bl] vi. below[bl] prep. belt[belt] n. bench[bent] n. bend (bent, bent) [bend] vt. beneath[bni] prep. beneficial[benf()l] a. benefit[benft] n. / v.,, bent[bent] a. beside[bsad] prep. besides[bsadz] prep. bestgood, well

[best] a. & ad. n.

blue[blu] n. a. a. board[bd] n. boat[bt] n. boat--race[bt-res] n. boating[bt] n. body n. v.

box [bks] n. boxing[bks] n. boy [b] n. boycott[bkt] v. brain[bren] n. brake[brek] n. vi. branch[brnt] n.

body--building[bd-bld] n. boil[bl] v. bomb[bm] n. v.

brand[brnd] n. brave[brev] a. bravery[brevr] n. bread[bred] n.

bond[bnd] n. /v. bone[bn] n. bones bonus[bns] n. book[bk] n. v.

break[brek] n. break (broke, bro ken) [brek] v. breakfast[brekfst] n. breakthrough[brekru] n. breast[brest] n. breath[bre] n. breathe[bri] vi. breathless[brels] a. brewery[brur] n. brick[brk] n. bride[brad] n. bridegroom[bradrum] n. bridge[brd] n. brief[brif] a. bright[brat] a. brilliant[brlnt] a. bring (brought, brought) [br] vt. Britain[brtn] * n. British[brt] a. the British[brt] n. broad[brd] a. broadcast[brdkst] n. v.& n. broadcastbroadcast, broadcast--ed,--ed[brdkst] vt. brochure[br(r); (US) brr] n. broken[brkn] a. broom[brum] n.
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bookcase[bkkes] n. bookmark[bkmk] n. bookshelf/ `bk,elf / n. bookshop[bkp] n. bookstore[bkst(r)] n. boom[bum] n. / v. boot[but] n. booth[bu] n. telephone booth [telfn- bu] border [bd(r)] n. bored / brd / a. boring / `br / a. born[bn] a. borrow [br] v. boss[bs] n. botanical [btnk()l] a. botany[btn] n. both [b] a. pron.

bottle [bt()l] n. bottom [btm] n. bounce [bans] v. bound [band] a.

boundary[bandr] n. bow [b] v.& n. bowl [bl] n. bowling [bl] n.

brother[br(r)] n. brotherhood[brhd] n. brown[bran] n. brunch[brnt] n. brush[br] v. bucket[bkt] n. Buddhism[bdz()m] n. Buddhist['budist] budget[bdt] n. buffet[bfe; (US) bfe] n. build (built, built) [bld] v. building[bld] n. bun[bn] n. bunch[bnt] n. ,,,, bungalow[bl] n. burden[bd()n] n. bureaucratic[bjuru'krtik] burglar[bl(r)] n. burial[berl] n. burn (--ed, --ed burst[bst] v. bury[ber] vt. bus[bs] n. bus stop[bs stp] n bush [b] n. business[bzns] n. businessman (pl. businessmen) [bznsmn] n. businesswoman (businesswomen) [bznswmn] n. busy [bz] a. but [bt, bt] conj. butcher['bt] n. vt. butter [bt(r)] n. butterfly [btfla] n. the butterfly button [bt()n] n. v. prep. , burnt, burnt) [bn] v. n. a. n. n. a. cab [kb] n. cabbage [kbd] n. caf[kfe; (US) kfe] n. cafeteria [kftr] n. cage [ked] n calculate [klkjlet] v. cake[kek] n. call[kl] n. v.

C

calm[km; (US) klm] a. , v. camel[km()l] n. camera[kmr] n. camp[kmp] n. vi., campaign[kmpen] n. can (could) can't = can not modal[ken, kn] v. a garbage can[bd] a can opener[pn(r)] Canada[knd] * n. Canadian[knedn] a. n. canal[knl] n. cancel[kns()l] vt. cance[kns(r)]r n. candidate[knddt; (US) knddet] n. candle[knd()l] n. candy[knd] n. canteen[kntin] n. cap[kp] n. capital[kpt()l] n... capsule[kpsjul; (US) kpsl] n. captain[kptn] n. caption[kp()n] n. car[k(r)] n. carbon[kbn] n. card[kd] n. card games[kd em] care[ke(r)] n. v. careful[kefl] a. careless[kels] a.
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n.

buy (bought,bought) [ba] vt. by [ba] prep. bye [ba] int.

carpenter[kpnt(r)] n. carpet[kpt] n. carriage[krd] n. ; carrier[kr(r)] n. ; carrot[krt] n. carry[kr] vt. cartoon[ktun] n. carve[kv] vt. case[kes] n. cash[k] n. v. n.

central[sentr()l] a. centre ( center ) n. century[sentr] n. ceremony[sermn] n. certain[st()n] a. certainly[stnl] ad. certificate[stfkt] n. chain[ten] n. chain store(s) [tenst(r)] chair[te(r)] n. chairman[temn] (pl. chairmen) n. chairwoman (pl. chairwomen)['twumn] n. , chalk[tk] n. challenge[tlnd] n.() challenging[tlnd] a.

cassettle[k'set] n. cast (cast, cast) [kst; (US) kst] v. castle[ks()l; (US) ksl] n. casual[kl] a. cat[kt] n. catalogue['ktlg] n.

champion[tmpn] n. chance[tns; (US) tns] n. changeable[tendb()l] a. change[tend] n. v. channel[tn()l] n. chant[tnt] v./ n. chaos[kes] n. character[krkt(r)] n.. characteristic[krktrstk] a. charge[td] v. () n. chapter[tpt(r)] n. chart[tt] n.

catastrophe[ktstrf] n. catch(caught,caught) [kt]v. category[ktr] n. cater[ket(r)] v. catholic[klk] a. cathedral[kidr()l] n. cattle[kt()l] n. cause[kz] n. vt.

caution[k()n] n. cautious[ks] a. cave[kev] n. CD[si:'di:] (compact disk)

chat[tt] n. & vi. cheap[tip] a. cheat[tit] n. & v. check[tek] n. vt. cheek[tik] n. cheer[t(r)] n. & vi. Cheer up[t(r)-p] cheerful[tfl] a. cheers[t(r)] int. () cheese[tiz] n. chef[ef] n.
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CDROM[si:'di: -rm,rm] (compact disk readonly memory) ceiling[sil] n. celebrate[selbret] v. celebration[selbre()n] n. cell [sel] n. cellar[sel(r)] n. cent[sent] n. 100 cents = 1 dollar centigrade[sentred] a. centimetre['sentimi:t(r)] ( centimeter) n.

chemical[kemk()l] a. chemist[kemst] n. chemistry[kemstr] n. cheque[tek] (check) n. chess[tes] n. chest[test] n. chew[tu] vt. chick[tk] n. chicken[tkn] n. chief[tif] a. , n.

n.

city[st] n. civil[sv()l] a. civilian[svln] n. civilization[svlaze()n; (US) svlzen] n. clap[klp] vi. clarify[klrfa] v. class[kls; (US) kls] n. classic[klsk] a. classical[klsk()l] a. classify[klsfa] v. classmate[klsmet] n. classroom[klsrum] n. claw[kl] n. clay[kle] n. clean[klin] vt. a. cleaner[klin(r)] n..,., clear[kl(r)] a. clearly[kll] ad. clerk[klk; (US) klrk] n. clever[klev(r)] a. click[klk] v. climate[klamt] n. climb[klam] v. clinic[klnk] n. clock[klk] n. clone[kln] n. close[klz] a. ad. vt.

child (children) [tald] n. childhood[taldhd] n. chimney[tmn] n. China[tan] * n. Chinese[taniz] a. n. chips[tp] n. (pl.) chocolate[tklt] n. choice[ts] n. choir[kwa(r)] n. choke[tk] n. & v. choose (chose, chosen) [tuz] vt. chopsticks[tpstks] n. chorus[krs] n. Christian[krstn] n. Christmas[krsms] n. 1225 Christmas card[krsms kd] Christmas tree[krsms tri] Christmas Eve[krsms iv ] church[tt] n. cigar[s(r)] n. cigarette[sret] n. cinema[snm] n. circle[sk()l] n. /vt. circuit[skt] n. circulate[skjlet] v. circumstance[skmstns] n.,, circus[sks] n. citizen[stz()n] n.

cloth[kl; (US) kl] n. clothes[klz; (US) klz] n. clothing[kl] n. () cloud[kl] n. cloudy[klad] a. club[klb] n. clumsy[klmz] a. coach[kt] n. coal[kl] n. coast[kst] n. coat[kt] n. vt.
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cock[kk] n. cocoa[kk] n. coffee[kf; (US) kf] n. coin[kn] n. coincidence[knsdns] n. coke [kk] n. cold[kld] a. n.

compete[kmpit] vi. competence[kmptns] n.,, competition[kmpt()n] n. competitor[kmpett(r)] n. complete[kmplit] a. vt. complex [kmpleks]a. / n. component[kmpnnt] n. composition[kmpz()n] n. comprehension[kmprhen()n] n. compromise[kmprmaz] v. ,, compulsory[kmplsr] a. , computer[kmpjut(r)] n. computer game[kmpjut(r) em] comrade[kmrd; (US) kmrd] n. vt. concentrate[knsntret] v. concept[knsept] n. concern[knsn] v. / n. concert[knst] n. conclude[knklud] v. conclusion[knklu()n] n. concrete[kkrit] a. condition[knd()n] n. condemn[kndem] v. conduct [kndkt] vt. conductor[kndkt(r)] n. confident[knfdnt] a. confidential[knfden()l] a. conference[knfrns] n. () confirm[knfm] v. conflict[knflkt] n. confuse[knfjuz] v. congratulate[knrtjlet] vt. a. congratulation[knrtjle()n] n. connect[knekt] v. connection[knek()n] n.;, conscience[knns] n. consensus[knsenss] n. consequence[knskwns; (US) knskwens] n.
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cold--blooded[kld bldd] a. () collar[kl(r)] n. colleague[kli] n. collect[klekt] vt. collection[klek()n] n. college[kld] n. collision[kl()n] n. colour (color)['kl] n. comb[km] n. v.

combine[kmban] vt. come (came, come) [km] vi. comedy[kmd] n. comfort[kmft] n. comfortable[kmftb()l; (US) kmfrtbl] a. comma[km] n. command[kmnd; (US) kmnd] n. & v. comment[kment] n. commericial a. commit[kmt] v. commitment[kmtmnt] n. ,, committee [kmt] n. common[kmn] a. communicate[kmjunket] v. communication[kmjunke()n] n.,; communism[kmjnz()m] n. communist[kmjunst] n. companion[kmpnn] n. company[kmpn] n. compare[kmpe(r)] vt. compass[kmps] n. compensate[kmpenset] v.

conservation[knsve()n] n conservative[knsvtv] a. consider[knsd(r)] vt. considerate[knsdrt] a. consideration[knsdre()n] n. consist[knsst] v. consistent[knsst()nt] a. constant[knstnt] a. constitution[knsttju()n; (US) knsttun] n. construct[knstrkt] v. construction[knstrk()n] n.,, consult[knslt] v. consultant[knsltnt] n. consume[knsltnt] v. contain[knten] v. container[knten(r)] n. contemporary[kntemprr; (US) kntemprer] a. content [kntent] a., n. continent[kntnnt] n. continue[kntnju] vi. contradict[kntrdkt] v. contradictory[kntr'diktri] a., n.

coral[kr()l; (US) krl] n. cordless[kdls] a. corn[kn] n. corner[kn(r)] n. corporation[kpre()n] n. correct[krekt] v. a. correction[krek()n] n. correspond[krspnd; (US) krspnd] vi. () corrupt [krpt] a. / v. cost (cost, cost) [kst; (US) kst] v. n. cosy['kuzi] a.,

cottage[ktd] n. (),, cotton[kt()n] n. a. cough[kf; (US) kf] n.& vi. could modal [kdmd()l] v.can count[kant] vt. counter[kant(r)] n. country[kntr] n. countryside[kntrsad] n. couple[kp()l] n. courage[krd] n. course[ks] n. court[kt] n. courtyard[ktjd] n. cousin[kz()n] n. cover[kv(r)] n. v. cow[ka] n. cowboy[kab] n.; co-worker [k wk(r)] n. crash[kr] v. / n. crayon[kren] n crazy[krez] a. cream[krim] n. create[kriet] vt. creature[krit(r)] n. credit[kredt] n. crime[kram] n.

contrary[kntrr; (US) kntrer] n. / a. contribute [kntrbjut] v. contribution [kntrbjut] n. control[kntrol] vt.& n. controversial[kntrv()l] a., convenience[knvinns] n. convenient[knvinnt] a. conventional[knvenn()l] a. conversation[knvse()n] n. convey[knve] v. convince[knvns] v. cook[kk] n., v., cooker[kk(r)] n. () cookie[kk] n. cool[kul] a. copy[kp] n. v.

criminal[krmn()l] n.
第 12 页 共 52 页

crew[kru] n. criterion (pl. criteria) [kratrn] n. crop[krp] n. cross[krs] a. n. vt.

dark[dk] n. a. darkness[dkns] n. dash[d] v. & n. data[det, dt; (US) dt] n. database[detbes] n. date[det] n. n. daughter[dt(r)] n. dawn[dn] n. day[de] n. daylight[delat] n. dead[ded] a. deadline[dedlan] n. deaf[def] a. deal[dil] n. dear[d(r)] int. a. death[de] n. debate[dbet] n. & v. debt[det] n. decade[deked] n. December[dsemb(r)] n. 12 decide[dsad] v. decision[ds()n] n. declare[dkle(r)] vt. decline[dklan] v. ,,, decorate[dekret] vt. decoration[dekre()n] n. decrease[dkris] v. deed[did] n.

crossing[krs] n. crossroads[krsrd] n. crowd[krad] n. vt.

crowded[kradd] a. cruel[krul] a. cry[kra] n. cube[kjub] n. cubic[kjubk] a. cuisine[kwzin] n. culture[klt(r)] n. cup[kp] n. cupboard[kbd] n. cure[kj(r)] n. & vt. curious[kjrs] a. currency[krns] n. curriculum [krkjlm] n. curtain[kt()n] n. cushion[k()n] n. custom[kstm] n. customer[kstm(r)] n. customs[kstm] n. cut (cut, cut) [kt] v. / n. , cycle[sak()l] vi. cyclist[saklst] n. v.

D
dad = daddy[dd] n. daily[del] a. dam[dm] n. damage[dmd] n.& vt. damp[dmp] a. & n. dance[dns; (US) dns] n.& vi. danger[dend(r)] n. dangerous[dendrs] a. dare[de(r)] v.& aux..to ad. n.

deep[dip] a. ad. deeply[dipl] ad. deer[d(r)] n. defeat[dfit] vt. defence (defense)[di'fens] defend[dfend] vt. degree[dri] n. delay[dle] v.& n. delete[dlit] v. deliberately[dlbrtl] ad.,,
第 13 页 共 52 页

n. & v.

delicate[delkt] a. delicious[dls] a. delight[dlat] n. delighted[di'laitid] a. deliver[dlv(r)] vt. demand[dmnd; (US) dmnd] vt. dentist[dentst] n. department(Dept.) [dptmnt] n. department -store[dptmnt-st(r)] n. departure[dpt(r)] n. depend[dpend] vi. deposit[dpzt] v. / n. depth[dep] n. describe[dskrab] vt. description [dskrp()n] n. desert[dzt] n. deserve[dzv] v. design[dzan] n.& vt. n. desire[dza(r)] vt. & n. desk[desk] n. desperate[desprt] a. dessert[dzt] n. destination[destne()n] n. destroy[dstr] vt. detective[dtektv] n. determination[dtmne()n] n. determine[dtmn] vt. develop[dvelp] v. vt. vt.

die[da] v. diet[da] n. differ[df(r)] v. difference[dfrns] n. different[dfrnt] a. difficult[dfklt] a. difficulty[dfklt] n. dig (dug, dug)[d] v. , digest[ddest, dadest]v., digital[ddt()l] a. . dignity[dnt] n. dilemma[dalem] n. dimension[dmen()n] n. dine [dan] v. dining-room['daini-rm] dinner[dn(r)] n. dinosaur[dans(r)] n. dioxide[daksad] n. dip[dp] vt. diploma[dplm] n. direct[drekt, darekt] a. / vt. direction[drek()n, darek()n] n. director[drekt(r)] n. directory[drektr] n. dirt [dt] n. dirty[dt] a. disability[dsblt] n.. disabled[dseb()ld] a. disadvantage[dsdvntd] n. disagree[dsri] vi. disagreement[dsrimnt] n. disappear[dsp(r)] vi. disappoint [dspnt]vt. disappointment[dspntmnt] n. disaster[dzst(r); (US) dzstr] n. discount[dskant] n. discourage[dskrd] vt. discover[dskv(r)] vt.
第 14 页 共 52 页

development[dvelpmnt] n. devote[dvt] vt. , devotion[dv()n] n. diagram[darm] n. dial [da()l] vt. dialogue ( dialog) [dal; (US) dal] n. diamond[damnd] n. diary[dar] n. dictation [dkte()n] n. dictionary[dknr; (US) dkner] n.

discovery[dskvr] n. discrimination[dskrmne()n] n. discuss[dsks] vt. discussion[dsk()n] n. disease[dziz] n. disgusting[dsst] a. dish[d] n. disk =disc[dsk] n. dislike[dslak] vt. dismiss[dsms] vt. disobey[dsbe] vt. distance[dstns] n. distant[dst()nt] a. distinction[dstk()n] n.,,, distinguish[dstw] v. distribute[dstrbjut] v. district[dstrkt] n. disturb[dstb] vt. disturbing[dstb] a. dive[dav] vi. diverse[davs] v. divide[dvad] vt. division[dv()n] n. divorce[dvs] v. dizzy[dz] a. do (did, done) don't=do not [d, du] v. & aux. does doctor[dkt(r)] n. document[dkjmnt] n. does doesn't = does not v. do dog[d; (US) d] n. doll [dl; (US) dl]n. dollar[dl; (US) dl] n. door[d(r)] n. dormitory[dmtr; (US) drmtr] n. dorm dot [dt] n. double [db()l] a. . n. . doubt[dat] n.& v. down[dan] prep. ad.

download['daunlud] n.& v. downstairs[danstez] ad. downtown[dantan] ad. n. a. downward[danwd] ad. dozen[danwd] n. Dr() = Doctor n. draft[drft; (US) drft] n. / v. drag [dr] v. draw (drew, drawn) [dr] v. drawback[drbk] n. drawer[dr(r)] n. drawing[dr] n. , dream (dreamt, dreamt --ed, --ed)[drim] n.& vt. dress[dres] n. () v. drier =dryer [dra(r)] n. drill[drl] n. vt. () drink[drk] n. drink(drank,drunk) [drk] v. drive(drove,driven) [drav] v. driver [drav(r)] n. drop[drp] n. v.... drown[dran] vi. drug[dr] n. drum[drm] n. drunk[drk] a. dry[dra] v. a. duck[dk] n. due[dju; (US) du] a. dull[dl] a. dumpling[dmpl] n. during [djr; (US) dr]prep. dusk [dsk] n. dust[dst] n. dustbin[dstbn] n. dusty[dst] a. duty[djut; (US) dut] n. DVD ['di:'vi:'di:] (digital versatile disk) Dynamic [danmk] a.,
第 15 页 共 52 页

Dynasty [dnst; (US) danst] n. E each[it] a.& pron... eager[i(r)] a. eagle[i()l] n. ear[(r)] n.. early[l] a. earn [n]vt. earth[] n. earthquake[kwek] n. ease [iz]v. easily[izl] ad. east [ist]a. ad. n. ad.

elder [eld(r)] n. elect [lekt] vt. electric [lektrk] a. electrical [lektrk()l] a. electricity [lektrst] n. electronic [lektrnk] a. elegant [elnt] a.,, elephant [elfnt] n. eleven [lev()n] num. else [els] ad. e-mail/e [i- mel]]n. embarrass [mbrs] v. embassy [embs] n. emergency [mdns] n. emperor [empr(r)] n. empire [empa(r)] n. employ [mpl] vt. empty [empt] a. encourage [nkrd] vt. encouragement [nkrdmnt] n. end [end] n. v. ending [end] n. endless [endls] a. enemy [enm] n. energetic [endetk] a. energ [end] y n. engine [endn] n. engineer [endn(r)] n. England* [lnd] n. English [l] a. n. English -speaking [l-spik] a.

Easter[ist(r)] n. eastern[ist()n] a. eastwards[istwdz] ad. easy[iz] a. easy--going[iz-] a. eat (ate, eaten) [it] v. ecology[kld] n. edge[ed] n. edition [d()n]n. editor[edt(r)] n. educate[edjket] vt. educator['edju:keit(r)] n. education[edjke()n] n. effect[fekt] n. effort [eft]n. egg[e] n. eggplant [eplnt]n. Egypt*[idpt] n. Egyptian[dp()n] a. eight[et] num. eighteen [etin]num. eighth [et] num. eighty [et] num. either [a(r)] a. ad. [d] () conj. n.

enjoy[nd] vt. enjoyable [ndb()l]a. enlarge [nld]vt. enough[nf] n. a. ad. enquiry [nkwar] n. enter [ent(r)] vt. enterprise [entpraz] n.
第 16 页 共 52 页

entertainment [enttenmnt] n. enthusiastic [njuzstk] a. entire [nta(r)] a. entrance [entrns] n. ; entry [entr] n. envelope [envlp] n. environment [nvarnmnt] n. envy [env] vt.& n. equal [ikw()l] a. vt. equality [ikwlt] n. equip [kwp] vt. equipment [kwpmnt] n. eraser [rez(r)] n. error [er(r)] n. erupt [rpt] v. escape [skep] n.& vi. especially [spel] ad. essay [ese] n. Europe* [jrp] n. European [jrpin] a. evaluate [vljet] v. even [iv()n] ad. evening [ivn] n. event [ 'vent] n. eventually [ventjl] ad. ever [ev(r)] ad. every [evr] a. everybody pron. everyday [evrbd] a. everyone [evrwn] pron. everything [evr] pron. everywhere [evrwe(r)] ad. evidence [evdns] n. evident [evdnt] a. evolution [ivlu()n; (US) ev-] n. exact [zkt] a. exactly [ex'actly] ad. exam = examination [zmne()n] n. n.

examine [zmn]vt. example [zmp()l; (US) zmpl] n. excellent [ekslnt] a. except [ksept]prep. exchange [kstend]n. excite [ksat]vt. excuse [kskjuz] n.. vt.. exercise [ekssaz]n. vi. exhibition [eksb()n] n. exist [g'zst] vi. existence [zst()ns] n. exit [ekst] n. expand [kspnd] v. expect [kspekt] vt. expectation [ekspekte()n] n. expense [kspens] n. expensive [kspensv] a. experience [ksprns] n. experiment [kspermnt] n. expert [ekspt] n. explain [ksplen] vt. explanation [eksplne()n] n. explicit[ksplst] a., explode[kspld] v. exploit vt.... explore[kspl(r)] v. explorer[ksplr(r)] n. export[kspt] n. / v. expose[kspz; (US) ekspze] vt. express[kspres] vt. n. expression [kspre()n]n. extension[ksten()n] n. extra[ekstr] a. extraordinary[kstrdnr; (US) -dner] a. extreme[kstrim] a. extremely[kstriml] ad. eye[a] n. eyesight [asat]n.
第 17 页 共 52 页

eyewitness[awtns] n.

fear [f(r)]n.

F
f () =female ( =foot,feet) [ef]n. ()() face [fes]n. vt.

feast[fist] n. feather[fe(r)] n. February['februri] n. 2 federa[fedr()l]l a. fee [fi]n. feed (fed, fed) [fid] vt. feel (felt, felt) [fil]v.& link feeling [fil]n. fellow [fel]n.

facial[fe()l] a. fact [fkt]n. factory n. fade[fed] vi. fail[fel] v. failure[felj(r)] n. fair[fe(r)] a. a. () fairly[fel] ad. fairness ['fnis] n. faith[fe] n. fall[fl] n. fall[fl] (fell, fallen) vi. false[fls] a. familiar [fml(r)]a. family[fml] n. family name famous[fems] a. fan [fn]n. n. n.

female [fimel]a. fence [fens]n. ferry[fer] n. festival [festvl]a. fetch [fet]vt. fever[fiv(r)] n. few[fju] pron. fibre['faib] (fiber) n.

fiction [fk()n]n. field [fild]n. fierce[fs] a. fifteen [fftin]num. fifth [ff]num. fifty[fft] num. fight[fat] n. fight[fat] (fought, fought) n. fighter[fat(r)] v. figure[f(r); (US) fgjr] n. vt.. file [fal]n.() fill [fl]vt. ad. film [flm] n. vt. final[fan()l] a. finance [fanns]n. find[fand] (found, found) vt. fine [fan]a. n.& v.

fancy [fns]a. fantastic a. () fantasy[fnts] n far[f(r)] (farther, farthest further , furthest) a.& ad. fare[fe(r)] n. farm[fm] n. farmer[fm(r)] n. fast [fst; (US) fst]a.

fasten [fs()n; (US) fsn]vt. fat [ft]n. a.

father[f(r)] n. fault [flt]n. favour ['feiv] (favor) n. favourite ['feivrit] ( favorite) a. fax[fks] n. n.

finger[f(r)] n. fingernail [fnel] n. finish [fn] v.
第 18 页 共 52 页

fire [fa(r)] n. firefighter n.

vi.

foggy[f] a. fold[fld] vt. folk[fk] a. follow[fl] vt. following[flw] a. fond [fnd] a. food [fnd] n.

fireplace [faples] n. firewood ['fairwud] n. firework[fawk] n. firm [fm] n.; a., firmly [fml] ad. first [fst] num. fish [f] n. vi. a.& ad. n.

fool[ful] n. foolish[ful] a. foot ( feet) [ft] n. football [ftbl] n. for [f(r), f(r)] prep. conj.

fisherman [fmn] n. fist [fst] n. () fit [ft] a. , v.

fitting room [ft-rm]] five [fav] num. fix [fks] vt. flag [fl] n. flame [flem] n. flaming [flem] a. flash [fl] n. flashlight [fl] n. flat [flt] a. n. ()

forbid [fbd] (forbade, forbidden) vt. force [fs] vt. forecast [fkst; (US) frkst] n. & vt. forehead [frd; (US) frd] n. foreign [frn; (US) frn] a. foreigner [frn(r)] n. foresee [fsi] (foresaw, foreseen) vt.. forest [frst; (US) frst] n. forever [frev(r)] ad. forget [frev(r)] (forgot, forgotten) v. forgetful [fetfl] a. forgive [fv] (forgave, forgiven) vt.

flee [fli] (fled, fled) v. flexible ['fleksbl] a. flesh [fle] n. flight [flat] n. float [flt] vi. flood [fld] n. vt. n.

fork [fk] n. form [fm] n. format [fmt] n. former [fm(r)] a. fortnight [ftnat] n. fortunate [ftnt] a. fortune [ftjun, ftun] n. forty [ft] num. forward [fwd] ad... found [fand] vt. founding ['faundi] n. fountain [fantn; (US) fantn] n. four [f(r)] num. fourteen [ftin] num.
第 19 页 共 52 页

floor [fl(r)] n.. flour [fla(r)] n. flow [fl] vi. flower [fla(r)] n. flu [flu] n. fluency ['flunsi] n. fluent [flunt] a. fly [flunt] n. fly (flew, flown) [fla] vi. vt. focus [fks] v. / n. fog [f] n.

fourth [ftin] num. fox [fks] n. franc [frk] n. France* [frns] n. fragile [frdal; (US) frdl] a. fragrant [frernt] a. framework [fremwk] n. free [fri] a. freedom [fridm] n. freeway [friwe] n. freeze [friz] (froze, frozen) vi. freezing ['fri:zi] a. French [frent] n. a

funeral[fjunr()l] n. funny[fn] a. fur[f(r)] n. furnished['f:nit] a.

furniture[fnt(r)] n. future[fjut(r)] n.

G
gain[en] vt. gale[el] n. 60 gallery[lr] n. gallon[ln] n. game[em] n. garage[r, -rd; (US) r] n. garbage[bd] n. garden[d()n] n. gardening[dn] n. garlic[lk] n. garment[mnt] n. gas[s] n. gate[et] n. gather[(r)] v. gay[e] a. general[denr()l] a. generation[denre()n] n. generous[denrs] a. gentle[dent()l] a. gentleman[dent()lmn] n. geography[drf] n. geometry[d'mtr] n. German[dmn] a. n. Germany[dmn]* n. gesture[dest(r)] n. get (got , got)[et] vt. get--together[et-te(r)] n. gift[ft] n. gifted[ftd] a. giraffe[drf; (US) drf] n. girl[l] n.
第 20 页 共 52 页

Frenchman [frentmn] ( Frenchmen) n. frequent [frikwnt] a. fresh [fre] a. Friday [frad] n. friction [frk()n] n. fridge =refrigerator [rfrdret(r)] n. fried [fraid] a. friend [frend] n. friendly [frendl] a. friendship [frendp] n. fright[frat] n. frighten[frat()n] vt. frog[fr; (US) fr] n. from[frm, frm] prep... front[frnt] a. n.

frontier[frnt(r); (US) frntr] n. frost[frst; (US) frst] n. fruit[frut] n. fruit juice[frut dus] n. fry[fra] vt. fuel[fjul] n. full[fl] a. fun [fn] n. function['fkn] n. / v. ,, fundamental[fndment()l] a.

give (gave, given)[v] vt. ,,, glad[ld] a. glance[glns /glns] vi. glare [le(r)] v. ,, glass [ls; (US) ls] n.,() glasshouse [lshas] n. globe [lb] n. , glory [lr] n.; ; glove [lv] n. glue [lu] n. go (went, gone) [] vi. goal [l] n. goat [t] n. god [d] n. gold [ld] n. a n.

grandparents [rndpernt] n.. grandson [rndsn] n. granny [rn] n. grape [rep] n. graph [rf; (US) rf] n. grasp [rsp; (US) rsp] v. grass [rs; (US) rs] n. grateful [retfl] a. gravity [rvt] n. great [ret] a. ,, ad. Greece [ris] * n. greedy [rid] a. Greek [rik] a. / n. ; green [rin] a. n. greengrocer [rinrs(r)] n. greet [rit] vt. greeting [rit] n. grey / gray [re] a. grill [rl] n. grocer [rs(r)] n. ground [rand] n. group [rup] n. grow (grew, grown) [r] v. growth [r] n. gruel [rl] n. guarantee [rnti] v. guard [d] n. guess [es] vi. guest [est] n. guidance [adns] n. guide [ad] n. guilty [lt] a.,, guitar [t(r)] n. gun [n] n. gym =gymnasium [dm] n. gymnastics [dmnstks] n.

golden [ld()n] a. () goldfish [ldf] n. golf [lf] n. good (better ,best) [d] a. good-bye [d- ba] int. goodness [dns] n. goods [d] n. goose ( geese) [us] n. govern [v()n] v. government [vnmnt] n. gown [an] n. grade [red] n. gradually [rdjl] ad. graduate [rdjt] v. graduation [rdje()n] n. grain [ren] n. gram [rm] n. () grammar [rm(r)] n. grand [rnd] a. grandchild ['grntald] n.(). granddaughter [rndt(r)] n. grandma = grandmother [rnm, rndm] n. grandpa = grandfather [rnp, rndp] n.,

H
ha [h] int. ()
第 21 页 共 52 页

habit [hbt] n. hair [he(r)] n. haircut [hekt] n. half [hf; (US) hf] a.& n. hall [hl] n. ,,; ham [hm] n. hamburger [hmb(r)] n. hammer ['hm(r)] n. hand [hnd] n. v.

he [he] pron. head [hed] n. () a. v. () headache [hedek] n. headline [hedlan] n. headmaster [hedmst(r)] n. headmistress ['hed'mistrs] headteacher n. health [hel] n. healthy [hel] a. heap [hip] n. v. hear (heard, heard) [h(r)] v. , hearing [hr] n. heart [ht] n.., heat [hit] n. vt. heaven [hev()n] n. heavy [hev] a. heavily [hevl] ad. heel [hil] n. height [hat] n. helicopter [helkpt(r)] n. hello [hl] int. helmet ['helmt] n. help [help] n. & vt. helpful [helpfl] a. hen [hen] n. her [h(r)] pron. (), herb [hb; (US) rb] n. here [h(r)] ad. hero [hr] n. heroine [hern] n. hers [hz] pron. herself [hself] pron. hey [he] int. hi [ha] int. hibernate [habnet] vi. hibernation [hab(r)'nen] n. hide (hid, hidden) [had] v. hide and seek [had-nd-sik]
第 22 页 共 52 页

n.

handbag [hndb] n. handful [hndfl] n.() handkerchief [hktf] n. handle [hnd()l] n. handsome [hnsm] a. handtruck ['hndtrk] n. handwriting [hndrat] n. handy [hnd] a. hang(hanged,hanged) v. v.

hang (hung, hung) [h] v. happen [hpn] vi. happily ['hpl] ad. happiness [hpns] n. happy [hp] a. harbour (harbor) ['h:b] n. hard [hd] ad. a.

hardly [hdl] ad. hardship [hdp] n. hardworking ['ha:d'w:ki] a. harm [hm] n.&v. harmful [hmfl] a. harmless [hmls] a. ; harmony [hmn] n. harvest [hvst] n.& vt. hat [ht] n.() hatch [ht] v. hate [het] vt.& n. have (has, had, had) [hv] vt. hawk [hk] n. hay [he] n.

high [ha] a. ; ad. highway [hawe] n., hill [hl] n. ;;; hillside[hlsad] n. hilly [hl] a. him [hm] pron. himself [hmself] pron. hire [ha(r)] vt. his [hz] pron. history [hstr] n. hit (hit, hit) [ht] n.& vt. ,, hive [hav] n. hobby [hb] n. hold (held, held) [hld] vt. hole [hl] n. holiday [hld] n. holy [hl] a. home [hm] n. ad.

hour [a(r)] n. house [has] n. housewife [haswaf] n. housework [haswk] n. how [ha] ad., however [haev(r)] ad. conj. howl [hal] vi. hug [h] v. huge [hjud] a. human [hjumn] a. human being [hjumn bi] humorous [hjumrs] a. humour (humor) ['hju:m] n., hundred [hndrd] num. hunger [h(r)] n. hungry [hr] a. hunt [hnt] vt. hunter [hnt(r)] n. hurricane[hrkn] n. hurry[hr] vi. hurt (hurt, hurt)[ht] vt. husband[hzbnd] n. hydrogen [hadrd()n] n.

homeland [hmlnd] n. hometown [hmtan] n. homework [hmwk] n. honest [nst] a. honey [nst] n. Hong Kong [h k] * n. honour (honor) ['n] n. hook [hk] n.& v. hooray [hre] int. hope [hp] n.& v. hopeful [hpfl] a. hopeless a., horrible [hrb()l] a. horse [hs] n. hospital [hspt()l] n. host [hst] n. v. vt.

I
I [a] pron. ice [as] n. ice--cream [as- krim] n. Iceland [aslnd] * n. idea [ad] n. ,,, identity [adentt] n. identification [adentfke()n] n. idiom [dm] n. if [f] conj.,,, ignore [n(r)] v. ill [l] a. illegal [li()l] a. illness [lns] n. imagine [mdn] vt.
第 23 页 共 52 页

hostess [hsts] n. hot [ht,ht] a. hot dog [ht- d] n. () hotel [htel] n.

immediate [midt] a. immediately [midtl] ad. immigration [m'gren] n. import [mpt] v.& n. importance [mpt()ns] n. important [mptnt] a. impossible [mpsb()l] a. impress [mpres] vt. impression [mpre()n] n. improve [mpruv] vt. in [n] prep. () ad. inch [nt] n. incident [nsd()nt] n. include [nklud] vt. income [nkm] n. incorrect [nkrekt] a. increase [nkris] v. & n. indeed [ndid] a. independence [ndpendns] n. independent [ndpendnt] a., India [nd] * n. Indian [ndn] a. n.

insist [nsst] vi. inspect [nspekt] vt. inspire [nspa(r)] vt. instant [nst()nt] a. instead [nsted] ad. institute [nsttjut; (US) nsttut] n. (), institution [nsttju()n; (US) nsttun] n. () instruct [nstrkt] vt. instruction [nstrk()n] n. ,; instrument [nstrmnt] n. ;, insurance [nrns] n. insure [n(r)] vt. intelligence [nteldns] n.,, intend [ntend] vt. intention [nten()n] n. ,, interest [ntrst] n. ; interesting [ntrt] a. international [ntnn()l] a. internet [ntnet] n. interpreter [ntprt(r)] n. interrupt [ntrpt] v. interval [ntv()l] n. interview [ntvju] n.& vt.,, into [nt, nt] prep. ; introduce [ntrdjus; (US) -dus] vt. introduction [ntrdk()n] n. invent [nvent] vt. invention [nven()n] n. inventor [nvent(r)] n. invitation [nvte()n] n. invite [nvat] vt. Ireland [alnd] * n. Irish [ar] a. iron [an; (US) arn] n. vt. irrigate [ret] vt. irrigation [re()n] n. island [alnd] n. it [t] pron.
第 24 页 共 52 页

Indicate ['ndket] v. industry [ndstr] n. influence [nflns] n.& v. inform [nfm] vt. information [nfme()n] n. information desk [nfme()n desk] initial [n()l] a. injure [nd(r)] vt. injury [ndr] n. ink [k] n. inland [nlnd, nlnd] a. inn [n] n. innocent [nsnt] a. insect [nsekt] n. insert [nst] vt. inside [nsad] prep. ad.

Italian [tljn] a. () n. Italy [tl] * n. its [ts] pron. itself [tself] pron.

justice [dsts] n.

K
kangaroo [kru] n. keep (kept, kept) [kip] v. vt.

J
jacket [dkt] n. jam [dm] n. January [dnjr; (US) dnjer] n. 1 Japan [dpn] * n. Japanese [dpniz] a. jar [d(r)] n. jaw [d] n. jazz [dz] n. jeans [dins] n. jeep [dip] n. jet [det] n. jewel [dul] n. jewelry [dulr] n. job [db] n. jog [d] v. join [dn] v.,;; joke [dk] n. journalist [dnlzt] n. journey [dn] n. joy [d] n. judge [dd] n. vt. judgement ['ddmnt] n. juice [dus] n. juicy [dus] a. July [dla] n. 7 jump [dmp] n. June [dun] n. 6 jungle [d()l] n. junior [dun(r)] a. junk [dk] n. junk mail [dk mel] junk food [dk fud] just [dst] ad. a. v. n.

keeper [kip(r)] n. kettle [ket()l] n. () key [ki] n. ;;; keyboard [kibd] n. kick [kk] v.& n. kid [kd] n. kill [kl] v. kilo [kil] n. kilogram [klrm] n. kilometr ['kilmi:t(r)] e n. kind [kand] n. ; a. , kindergarten [kndt()n] n. kind-hearted [kand- 'h:tid] a. kindness [kandns] n. king [k] n. kingdom [kdm] n. kiss [ks] n.& vt. kitchen[ktn] n. kite [kat] n. knee [ni] n. knife[naf] ( knives) n.;; knock[nk] n.& v. know(knew,known)[n] v. knowledge [nld] n.

L
lab [nld] = laboratory n. labour (labor) [leb(r)] n. labourer (laborer) ['leibr] n. lack [lk] n.& vt. ladder [ld(r)] r n. lady [led] n. lake[lek] n. lamb [lm] n. lame[lem] a.
第 25 页 共 52 页

lamp [lmp] n. land [lnd] n.,v.() language[lwd] n. lantern [lntn] n. lap [lp] n. ().() large [ld] a. laser [lez(r)] n. last [lst; (US) lst] a.;ad.; n.v. late [let] a.,ad., lately [letl] ad. later [let(r)] a. latest [letst] a. latter [lt(r)] n. laugh [lf] n.& v. laughter [lft(r); (US) lftr] n. laundry [lndr] n. ; lavatory [lvtr; (US) lvtr] n. law [l] n. lawyer [lj(r), l(r)] n. lay (laid, laid) [le] vt. lazy [lez] a. lead (led, led) [lid] v. leader [lid(r)] n. leading [lid] a. leaf ( leaves) [lif] n. league [li] n. leak [lik] vi. learn (learnt, learnt--ed --ed) [ln] vt. learned [lnd] a. least [list] n. leather [le(r)] n. leave (left, left) [liv] v. ; lecture [lekt(r)] n. left [left] a. ad. n., left-handed [left- ' hndid] a. leftover ['leftuv] a.,n. left-wing [left-w] n. leg [le] n. n.

legal [li()l] a. lemon [lemn] n. a. () lemonade [lemned] n. lend (lent, lent) [lend] vt.(), length [le] n. lesslittle[les] a.& ad. , lesson [les()n] n. let (let, let) [let] vt. letter [let(r)] n. letter-box [let(r)- bks] n. level [lev()l] n. liberty [lbt] n. liberate [lbret] vt. liberation [lbre()n] n. librarian [labrern] n. library [labrr; (US) labrer] n. license [lasns] n. lid [ld] n. lie (lay, lain) [la] v. ;;;n.& vi. ; life (lives) [laf] n. lifetime [laftam] n. lift [lft] v. n. light [lat] n. vt. a. lightning [latn] n. like [lak] prep. vt. likely [lakl] a. limit [lmt] vt. line [lan] n. v. link [lk] v. lion [lan] n. lip [lp] n. liquid [lkwd] n. & a. list [lst] n. listen [ls()n] vi. , literature [ltrt(r); (US) ltrtr] n. literary [ltrr; (US) ltrer] a. litre (liter) [lit(r)] n. litter [lt(r)] v.
第 26 页 共 52 页

little (less, least) [lt()l] a., ad. , live [lv] vi. ;; a. ,;, lively [lavl] a. ; living [lv] a. load [ld] n. loaf [lf] n. local [lk()l] a. lock [lk] n. vt. n.

n.,

mail [mel] n. , v. () mailbox ['melbks] n. main [men] a. mainland [menlnd] n. major [med(r)] a. majority [mdrt] n. make (made,made) [mek] vt.,; n. male [mel] a. man (men) [mn] n. ; manage [mnd] v. manager [mnd(r)] n.

locust [lkst] n. London [lnd()n] n. lonely [lnl] a. long [l; (US) l] a. look [lk] n. loose [lus] a. lorry [lr; (US) lr] n. loss [ls; (US) ls] n. lose (lost, lost) [luz] vt. Lost & Found [lst; (US) lst] lot [lt] n. loud [lad] a. loudly [ladl] ad. loudspeaker[ladspik(r)] n. lounge[land] n. love[lv] n.& vt. ; lovely[lvl] a. low [l] a.& ad. luck[lk] n. lucky[lk] a. luggage[ld] n. () lunch [lnt] n. lung [l] n. v. ad.

mankind [mnkand] n. ; man-made [mn- med] a. manner [mn(r)] n. table manners [teb()l mn(r) z] many (more, most) [men] pron. a. map [mp] n. maple [mep()l] n. maple leaves [mep()l-li:vz] marathon [mr()n] n. marble [mb()l] n. march [mt] n. March [mt] n. 3 mark [mk] n. vt., market [mkt] n. marriage [mrd] n. married [mrd] a. marry [mr] v. mask [msk; (US) msk] n. () v. mass [ms] n. ;; master [mst(r); (US) mstr] vt.

v. link

M
machine [min] n. mad a. madam/ madame [mdm] n. , magazine [mzin] n. magic [mdk] a. maid [med] n.

mat [mt] n. match [mt] vt. n. n. material [mtrl] n. mathematics =math / maths [mmtks] n., () matter [mt(r)] n. , vi. mature [mtj(r); (US) mtr] a. maximum [mksmm] a.& n. () ()
第 27 页 共 52 页

may modal [me md()l] v. ;, May [me] n. 5 maybe [mebi] ad. me [mi, m] pron. meal [mil] n. mean(meant,meant) [min] vt., meaning [min] n. means [minz] n. meanwhile [minwal; (US) mnhwal] ad. measure [me(r)] v. meat [mit] n. medal [med()l] n. gold medal [ld med()l] media [mid] n. medical [medk()l] a. medicine [meds()n; (US) medsn] n. medium [midm] n.,, meet (met, met) [mit] vt./ n. meeting [mit] n.,,, melon [meln] n. member [memb(r)] n. memorial [mmrl] n. memory [memr] n. memorize [memraz] v. mend [mend] v. mental [ment()l] a. mentally [mentl] ad. mention [men()n] n. menu [men()n] n. merchant [mtnt] a. merciful [msfl] a. mercy [ms] n. merely [ml] ad. merry [mer] a. mess [mes] n. message [mesd] n. messy [mes] a. metal [met()l] n. a. n. vt.

method [med] n. metre (meter) ['mi:t] n. Mexican [mekskn] a. Mexico [meksk] * n. microcomputer [makrkmpjut(r)] n. microscope [makrskp] n. microwave [makrwev] n. mid-autumn [md- tm] n. midday [mdde] n. , middle [md()l] n. ;; Middle East [md()l ist] n. midnight [mdnat] n. might [mat] v. aux. (may) mild [mald] a. ,, mile [mal] n. milk [mlk] n. vt. million [mln] num. n. millionaire [mljne(r)] n. mind [mand] n. , v., mine [man] n.,vt.() pron. mineral [mnr()l] n. minibus [mnbs] n. minimum [mnmm] a. miniskirt [mnskt] n. minister [mnst(r)] n. ministry [mnstr] n. minority [manrt; (US) -nr-] n. minus [mans] prep. & a. minute [mnt] n. ; mirror [mr(r)] n. miss [ms] vt. Miss. [ms] n.,() missile [msal] n mist [mst] n. mistake (mistook, mistaken) [mstek] n. mistaken [mstekn] a. misunderstand (-stood, -stood) [msndstnd] v. mix [mks] v.
第 28 页 共 52 页

vt.

mixture [mkst(r)] n. mm () = millimetre ['milimi:t(r)] mobile [mbal; (US) mbl] a. mobile phone [mbal fn] model [md()l] n.,,, modem [mdem] n. modern [md()n] a. modest [mdst] a. Mom =Mum [mm] n. moment [mmnt] n. mommy = mummy [mm] n. Monday [mnde, mnd] n. money [mn] n. monitor [mnt(r)] n. monkey [mk] n. month [mn] n. monument [mnjmnt] n. moon [mun] n. moon cake [mun kek] n. mop [mp] n. / v. moral [mr()l; (US) mrl] a. n., moremuchmany [m(r)] a./ ad. n. morning [mn] n. Moscow [msk] n. Moslem [mzlm] n. , Mosquito [mskit] n. most (muchmany ) [mst; (US) mst] a. & ad. n., mother [m(r)] n. motherland [mlnd] n. motivation [mt'ven] n. motor [mt(r)] n. motorbike [mtbak] n. motorcycle ['mtsaikl] n. motto[mt] n. mountain(s) [mantn(z)] n. mountainous[mantns] a. mourn [mn] vt. mouse (mice) [mas] n. n.

moustache [ms't:] mouth [ma] n. mouthful [mafl] n.

n.

from mouth to mouth ad. move [muv] v. movement [muvmnt] n. movie [muv] n. Mr. (mister) [mst(r)] n. Mrs. (mistress) [msz] n. , Ms. [mz] n. () much (moremost) [mt] a. ad. n. mud [md] n. , muddy [md] a. multiply [mltpla] vt. murder [md(r)] vt. museum [mjuzm] n. mushroom [mrm] n. music [mjuzk] n. musical [mjuzk()l] a. n. musician [mjuz()n] n. must modal [mst md()l] v.,; mustard [mstd] n. mutton [mt()n] n. my [ma] pron. myself [maself] pron.

N
nail [nel] n. name [nem] n. ,, vt. , narrow [nr] a. nation [ne()n] n. national [nn()l] a. , nationality [nnlt] n. nationwide [ne()nwad] ad., native[netv] a. natural[ntr()l] a. nature [net(r)] n. , navy[nev] n. near[n(r)] a. ad. prep.
第 29 页 共 52 页

nearby [nba] a. nearly [nl] ad. neat [nit] a. necessary [nessr; (US) nesser] a. neck [nek] n. necklace [nekls] n. necktie [nekta] n. need [nid] n. ,aux.& v., needle [nid()l] n. negotiate [net] v. neighbour (neighbor) [neb(r)] n. neighbourhood (neighborhood) ['neibhud] n. neither [na(r), ni(r)] a. ; nephew [nefju, nevju] n. nervous [nvs] a. nest [nest] n. net [net] n. network [netwk] n. never [nev(r)] ad. new [nju; (US) nu] a. New York [nju jk] n. New Zealand [nju 'zi:lnd] * n. New Zealander [nju 'zi:lnd]n. news[njuz; (US) nuz] n. newspaper[njuz; (US) nuz] n. next[nekst] a. nice [nas]a.; niece[nis] n. night[nat] n. night-club[nat-klb] n. nine [nan] num. nineteen[nantin] num. ninety[nant] num. ninth[nan] num. no [n] ad. , a.,, No.() = number[nmb(r)] n.; noble [nb()l] a. nobody[nbd] n. pron. ad. n.

nod [nd] vi. noise[nz] n. noisily['nzl] ad. noisy[nz] a. none[nn] pron., non-stop[nn-stp] a.& ad., non-violent [nn-valnt]a. noodle [nud()l] n. noon[nun] n. nor[n(r)] conj. normal[nm()l] n.& a. north[n] a.;; ad., n.;; northeast [n:'i:st] n. northern [n()n] a. northwards [nwdz] ad. northwest [n:'west] n. nose[nz] n. not[nt] ad. note[nt] n. vt. notebook[ntbk] n. nothing[n] n. , adv. notice[nts] n. vt. novel[nv()l] n. novelist [nvlst] n. November[nvemb(r)] n. 11 now[na] ad. nowadays[nadez] ad. nowhere[nwe(r); (US) nhwer] ad., nuclear[njukl(r)] a. numb[nm] a. number[nmb(r)] n. ,,, nurse [ns] n. nursery [nsr] n. nursing[ns] n.(, nut[nt] n.,(,) nutrition[njutr()n] n. nylon[naln] n.

第 30 页 共 52 页

O
obey[be] v. object [bdkt]n. observe [bzv]v. obtain[bten] vt. obvious[bvs] a. occupation[kjpe()n] n. occur[k(r)] vi. ocean [()n]n. Oceania* n. o'clock[klk] n. October[ktb(r)] n. 10 of [v, v; (US) f]prep.(,,) . off[f; (US) f] prep. ,, ad[d]., offence[offence || 'fens] n. offer[f(r); (US) fr] n.& vt. office[fs; (US) fs] n. officer[fs(r); (US) fsr] n. ;, official [f()l; (US) f-]n. , a., offshore [f(r); (US) f-]a. often [f()n; (US) fn]ad. oh[] int. oil [l]n. oilfield[lfild] n. OK[ke] ad. ,, old[ld] a. Olympic(s) [lmpk] a. & n. Olympic Games[lmpk ems] n. omelette [mlt]n. on[n] prep. ad.

opener[pn(r)] n. opening [pn]n. opera [pr]n. opera house [pr has]n., operate[pret] v. , operation[pre()n] n. operator[pret(r)] n. opinion [pnjn] n. oppose [pz] vt. opposite [pzt] n. a. optimistic [ptmstk] a. optional [pn()l] a. or [(r), (r)] conj. oral [rl] a. orange [rnd; (US) r-] n. a. orbit [bt] n. order [d(r)] n. order [d(r)] vt. ordinary [dnr; (US) rdner] a. organ [n] n. organise(organize) [':gnaiz] vt. organiser (organizer) [':gnaiz] organization [naze()n]n. origin[rdn] n. other[(r)] pron. a. , otherwise[waz] ad.,, Ottawa[tw] n. ouch[at] int ought [t]v.& aux. our [a(r)]pron. ours[az] pron. ourselves[aselvz] pron. out [at]ad. ;,; outcome[atkm] n. outdoors[atdz] ad. , n.

once [wns]n.& ad. ,, conj. one [wn]pron. (pl. ones) num. oneself [wnself]pron. onion[njn] n. only [nl]a. ad.

outer[at(r)] a. outgoing[at] a. , outing[at] n.
第 31 页 共 52 页

onto[nt] prep. open [pn]a., vt.,

outline[atlan] n. output [atpt]n. outside[atsad] n. ad. prep.

panda [pnd] n. panic [pnk] a./ v.,, paper [pep(r)] n. paperwork [pepwk] n. paragraph [prrf; (US) prgrf] n. parallel n. , parcel [ps()l] n. pardon [pd()n] n. ,, parent [pernt] n. () Paris [prs] n. park [prs] n. park [pk] vt. parking [pk] n. parrot [prt] n.

outspoken[atspkn] a. outstanding [atstnd]a. outward(s) [atwd] ad. oval[v()l] n.& adj. over[v(r)] prep. ,, ad. ,,, overcoat[vkt] n. overcome[vkm] v. overhead[vhed] a.; overlook[vlk] v. , overweight [vwet]a. , owe []vt. own [n]a. v. ,

part [pt] n. a. v. participate [ptspet] v. particular [ptkjl(r)] a. partly [ptl] ad., partner [ptn(r)] n.

owner[n(r)] n. ownership[np] n. ox (oxen) [ks] n. oxygen[ksd()n] n.

P
pace[pes] n. Pacific [psfk]a. the Pacific Ocean[psfk()n] pack[pk] n. ,; v.() package[pkd] n. packet[pkt] n. paddle[pd()l] n. page[ped] n. pain[pen] n. painful [penfl] a. paint [pent] n. vt.,, painter [pent(r)] n. , painting [pent] n. pair [pe(r)] n. palace [pls] n. pale [pel] a. pan [pn] n. pancake [pnkek] n.

part-time [pt -tam] a.& ad. party [pt n. pass [ps; (US) ps] vt. passage [psd] n. passenger [psnd(r)] n. passer-by ['p:s-ba] n. passive [psv] a. passport [pspt; (US) p-] n. past [pst; (US) pst] ad. n. prep. patent [pet()nt; (US) ptnt] n. path [p; (US) p] n. patience n. patient [pe()nt] n. pattern [pt()n] n. pause [pz] n.& vi. pay [pe] (paid, paid) v. n. P.E.() =physical education [pii] P.C.() =personal computer [pisi] pea [pi]n.
第 32 页 共 52 页

peace[pis] n. peaceful[pisfl] a. peach[pit] n. pear [pe(r)]n. peasant [peznt]n. pedestrian[pdestrn] n. pen[pen] n. pencil [pens()l]n. pencil-box [pens()l -bks]n. pen-friend [pen- friend] n. penny [pen] (pence) n. pension [pen()n] n. people [pip()l] n. pepper [pep(r)] n. per [p(r)] prep. percent [psent] n. percentage [psentd] n. perfect [kwestne(r)] a. perform [pfm] v. performance [pfm] n. performer [pfm(r)] n. perfume [pfjum] n. perhaps [phps] ad. period [prd] n. permanent [pmnnt] a. permission [pm()n] n. ,, permit [pmt] vt.,; n. person [ps()n] n. personal [psn()l] a. personnel [psnel] n. personally [psnl] ad. persuade [psnl] vt. pest [pest] n. pet [pet] n. petrol [petr()l] n. phenomenon (pl. phenomena) [fnmnn; (US) -nn-] n. phone = telephone [fn] v. phone-booth [fn-bu] n. n.

photo =photograph[ft] n. photograph [ftrf; (US) -rf] n. photographer[ftrf(r)] n. phrase [frez] n. physical [fzk()l] a. physician[fz()n] n.() physicist [fzsst] n. physics[fzks] n. pianist [fzks] n. piano[pn] n. pick[pk] v. picnic [pknk] n.& v. picture[pkt(r)] n. pie [pa] n. piece [pa] n. pig [pa] n. pile[pa] n. pill [pl] n. pillow [pl] n. pilot [palt] n. pin [pn] n. v. , pine[pan] n. pineapple[panp()l] n. ping-pong[p-p] n. pinkp a. pint [pant]n. pioneer[pan(r)] n. pipe [pap]n. pity[pt] n. place[ples] n. v. plain[plen] a. plan [pln]n.& v. plane[plen] n. planet[plnt] n. plant [plnt; (US) plnt]vt. n. plastic [plstk]a. plate[plet] n. platform[pltfm] n. ,()
第 33 页 共 52 页

play[ple] v. playroom n.

n.

popular [ppjl(r)] a. ,, population [ppjle()n] n. pork [pk] n. porridge [prd; (US) prd] n. port [pt] n. portable [ptb()l] a. porter [pt(r)] n. position [pz()n] n. possess [pz()n] vt. possession [pze()n] n. possibility [psblt] vn. possible [psb()l] a. possiblyv ad. post [pst] n. v.

player[ple(r)] n. playground [plegrand]n. playmate[plemet] n. pleasant [pleznt] a. please [pliz] v. ,, pleased [plizd] a. pleasure [plizd] n. plenty [plizd] n. plot [plt] v. / n. plug [pl] n. vt.

plus [pls] prep. p.m./pm, P.M. /PM [piem] n. , pocket [pkt] n. poem [pm] n. poet [pt] n. point [pnt] v. n.

postage [pstd] n. postbox [pstbks] n. postcard [pstkd] n. postcode [pstkd] n. poster [pst(r)] n. ()() postman [pstmn] n. postpone [pstpn] vt. pot [pt] n. potato [ptet] n. potential [pten()l] a. pound [pten()l] n. pour [p(r)] vi. powder [pad(r)] n. power [pad(r)] n. powerful [pafl] a. practical [prktk()l] a. practice(s)e [prkts] n. prairie [prer] n. praise [prez] n.& vt. pray [pre] v. prayer [pre(r)] n. precious [pres] a. , precise [prsas] a. ,, predict [prdkt] v.
第 34 页 共 52 页

poison [pz()n] n. poisonous [pzns] a. pole [pl] n. the North (South) Pole [ np police [plis] n. policeman (-men) [plismn] n.,policewoman ( -women) n. policy [pls] n. polish [pls] v. n., polite [plat] a. , political [pltk()l] a. politician [plt()n] n. politics [pltks] n. pollute [plut] vt. pollution [plu()n] n. pond [pnd] n. pool [pul] n. poor [p(r)] a., pop = popular [pp] a. () popcorn [ppkn] n.

prefer [prf(r)] vt., preference [prefrns] n. pregnant [prennt] a. prejudice [predds] n. premier [prem(r); (US) primr] n. preparation [prepre()n] n. prepare [prpe(r)] vt. ,,, prescription [prskrp()n] n. present [prez()nt] a. n. vt.

product [prdkt] n. production [prdk()n] n. profession [prfe()n] n. professor [prfes(r)] n. profit [prft] n. programme (program) n. progress [prres; (US) prres] n.,vi., prohibit [prhbt] v. project [prdekt] n. promise [prms] n.& vi. promote [prmt] v.,,, pronounce [prnans] vt. pronunciation [prnnse()n] n. proper [prp(r)] a. properly [prpl] ad. protect [prtekt] vt. protection [prtek()n] n. proud [prad] a. prove [pruv] vt. provide [prvad] vt. province [prvns] n. psychology [sakld] n. pub [pb] n. public [pblk] a., n. publicly [pblkl] ad. publish [pbl] t. pull [pl] n.

presentation [preznte()n; (US) prizenten] n. preserve [preznte()n; (US) prizenten] v. president [prezdnt] n. press [prezdnt] vt., n., pressure [pre(r)] n. ,, pretend [pre(r)] vi. pretty [prt] a. prevent [prvent] vt. , preview [privju] vt. ;; price [pras] n. pride [prad] n. primary [pramr] a. primary school[pramr skul] primitive [prmtv] a. principle [prnsp()l] n. print [prnt] vt. printer [prnt(r)] n. printing [prnt] n. prison [prz()n] n. prisoner [przn(r)] n. private [pravt] a. privilege [prvld] prize [praz] n. probable [prbb()l] a., probably [prbb()l] ad. problem [prblm] n. procedure [prsid(r)] n. ,, process [prses; (US) prses] n./ v. ,, produce [prdjus; (US) -dus] vt.

pulse [pls] n. pump [pmp] t. punctual [pktjl] a. punctuate [pktjet] v. punctuation n. punish [pn] v. punishment [pnmnt] n. pupil [pjupl] n. purchase [pts] v. pure [pj(r)] a. , purple [pp()l] n. / a.
第 35 页 共 52 页

purpose [pps] n. purse [ps] n. push [p] n.& v. put (put, put) [pt] vt. puzzle [pz()l] n. , puzzled [pz()l] a. pyramid [prmd] n.

rainfall [renfl] n. rainy [ren] a. raise [rez] vt. random [rndm] a., range [rend] n./ v. rank [rk] n. rapid [rpd] a.

Q
quake [kwek] n.& v. qualification [kwlfke()n] n. quality [kwlt] n. quantity [kwntt] n. quarrel [kwrl; (US) kwrl] vi. quarter [kwt(r)] n. queen [kwin] n. question [kwest()n] vt. n.

rare [re(r)] a. rat [rt] n. rate [ret] n./ v. rather [r; (US) rr] ad. raw [r] a.,, raw material [r mtrl] ray [re] n. razor [rez(r)] n. reach [rit] v. () react [rikt] v. read (read, read) [rid] v.

questionnaire [kwestne(r)] n. queue [kju] n. quick [kwk] a. quiet [kwat] a. quilt [kwlt] n. quit [kwt] v. quite [kwat] ad. quiz [kwz] n. ad.

reading [t] n. ready [red] a. real [ril] a. reality [rlt] n. realise (realize) [rlaz] vt., really v [rl] ad.

R
rabbit [rbt] n. race [res] n. v. racial [re()l] a. radiation [rede()n] n. radio [red] n. radioactive [redktv] a. radium [redm] n. rag [r] n. rail [rel] n. railway [relwe] n. rain [ren] n. vi. n.

reason [riz()n] vi.,n., reasonable [riznb()l] a. rebuild [ribld] vt. receipt [rsit] n. receive [rsiv] v. receiver [rsiv(r)] n. recent [risnt] a. reception [rsep()n] n. receptionist [rsepnst] n. recipe [resp] n. recite [rsat] v. recognise (recognize) [reknaz] vt. recommend [rekmend] v. record [rekd; (US) rekrd] n.
第 36 页 共 52 页

rainbow [renb] n. raincoat [renkt] n.

record holder [rekd hld(r)] record [rekd; (US) rekrd] v. recorder [rkd(r)] n. recover [rkv(r)] vi. recreation [rekre()n] n. recycle [risak()l] vt. rectangle [rekt()l] n. & a., red [red] n. a.

religious[rlds] a. rely[rla] v. remain[rmen] vt.,vi., remark[rmk] n. remember[rmemb(r)] v. remind [rmand] vt. remote[rmt] a. remove[rmuv] vt. rent[rent] n.& v. repair[rpe(r)] n.& vt. repairs[rpe(r)] n. repeat [rpit]vt. replace[rples] vt. reply[rpla] n. report[rpt] n.& v. reporter[rpt(r)] n. represent[reprzent] vt. representative[reprzenttv] n., republic[rpblk] n. reputation[repjte()n] n. request[rkwest] n. require[rkwa(r)] vt. requirement[rkwamnt] n.

redirect [ridarekt] vt. reduce [rdjus; (US) -dus] vt. refer [rf(r)] vi. ,,, referee [refri] n. reference [ref()rns] n.,,, reflect [rflekt] v. reform [rfm] v./ n. refresh [rfre] v. refreshments [rfremnt] n. () refrigerator [rfrdret(r)] n. refusal[rfjuz()l] n. refuse[rfjuz] vi. regard[rd] v. regards[rd] n. regardless[rdls] a. register[redst(r)] n. regret[rret] n./ vt.,;; regular[rejl(r)] a. regulation [rejle()n] n. reject[rdekt] v. relate[rlet] vi. relation[rle()n] n. relationship[rlenp] n. relative[reltv] n. relax [rlks] v. relay[rile] n. relevant a. , reliable[rlab()l] a. relief[rlif] n. ,,, religion[rldn] n. v. v.

rescue[reskju] vt. research[rst] n. resemble [rzemb()l] v. reservation[rezve()n] n. reserve[rzv] n. & v. resign[rzan] v. resist[rzst] v. respect[rspekt] vt.& n. respond[rspekt] v.,, responsibility[rspnsblt] n. rest[rest] n. vi. restaurant[restrnt; (US) restrnt] n. , restrict[rstrkt] v. restriction[rstrk()n] n. result[rzlt] n.
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retell [ritel] vt. retire[rta(r)] v. return[rtn] v. reuse[rijuz] vt. review [rvju] vt. reviewer[rvju(r)] n. revision[rv()n] n. revolution[revlu()n] n. reward[rwd] n. rewind[riwand] v. rewrite[rirat] vt. rhyme[ram] n./ v. rice[ras] n. rich[rt] a. rid (rid, rid / ridded, ridded) [rd] vt. riddle[rd()l] n. () ridiculous[rdkjls] a. ride (rode, ridden) [rad] v. right[rat] n. a., ad. ,, a. , right-handed[rat-hnd] a. right-wing[rat-w] n. ring (rang, rung) [r] v. ring-road[r-rd] n. rigid[rdd] a. ,, ripe[rap] a. ripen [rapn] v. rise (rose, risen) [raz] vi. risk[rsk] n./ v. river[rv(r)] n. road [rd] n. roast[rst] v. rob[rb] v. robot [rbt] n. rock[rk] n.,vt. , rocket n. role[rl] n. roll[rl] v. , roller[rl(r)]n. n. n. n. n. n.

roller skatingn roof [ruf] n. room [rm] n. ,;; rooster [rust(r)] n. () root [rut] n. rope [rp] n. rose [rz] n. rot [rt] vi. rough [rf] a. round [rand] ad. prep. a. roundabout [randbat] a. & n. routine [rutin] n. ,, row [r] n., v. royal [rl] a. rubber [rb(r)] n. rubbish [rb] n. rude [rud] a. , rugby [rb] n. ruin [run] vt. n. ()

rule [rul] n. , vt., ruler [rul(r)] n. run (ran, run) [rn] vi. runner [rn(r)] n. running [rn] n. rush [r] vi. Russia [r] * n. Russian [r()n] a. n.

S
sacred [sekrd] a. sacrifice [skrfas] vt. sad [sd] a. sadness [sdns] n. safe [sef] a. n. safety [seft] n. sail [sel] n. v. sailing [sel] n. sailor [sel(r)] n. salad [sld] n.
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salary [slr] n. sale [sel] n. salesgirl [selzl] n. salesman [selzmn] n. saleswoman [selzwmn] n. salt [slt, slt] n. salty [slt, slt] a. salute [slut, sljut] v.& n. same [sem] n.a, sand [snd] n. sandwich [snwd] n. satellite [stlat] n. satisfaction [stsfk()n] n. satisfy [stsfa] vt. Saturday [stde, std] n. sauce [ss] n. saucer [ss(r)] n. sausage [ssd; (US) ssd] n. savage [svd] n. save [sev] vt. say (said, said) [se] vt. saying [se] n. scan [skn] v. scar [sk(r)] n. scare [ske(r)] v. scarf [skf] n. scene [sn] n. scenery [sinr] n. sceptical (AmE skeptical) ['skeptkl] a. schedule [edjul; (US) skedl] n. v. school [skul] n. scholar [skl(r)] n. scholarship [sklp] n. schoolbag['sku:lbg] n. school-leaver [skul-] n.() schoolmate [skulmet] n. science [sans] n. scientific [santfk] a.

scientist [santst] n. scissors [szz] n. scold [skld] vt. score [sk(r)] n.& v. scores [sk(r) z] n. Scotland[sktlnd]* n. Scottish[skt] a. n. Scratch[ krt ] v./ n. scream[skrim] n. screen[skrin] n. sculpture[sklpt(r)] n. sea[si] n. seagull[sil] n. seal [sil] n. seaman[simn] n. search[st] n.& v. seashell[siel] n. seaside[sisad] n. season[siz()n] n. seat[sit] n. seaweed[siwid] n. ,, second [seknd] n. num.a. secondhand ['seknd'hnd] n. ; secret[sikrt] n. secretary[sekrtr] n. section[sek()n] n. secure[skj(r)] a.,, security[skjrt] n. see (saw, seen) [si] vt. seed[sid] n. melon seed[meln sid] seek (sought, sought) [sik] vt.; seem[sim] v. see-saw[si-s] n. seize[siz] vt. () seldom[seldm] ad. select[slekt] vt. self[self] n.
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selfish[self] a. self-service[self-svs] n., sell (sold, sold) [sel]v. semicircle[semsk()l] n. send (sent, sent) [send] v. senior[sin(r)] a. ,, n. sense[sens] n. sensitive[senstv] a., sentence[sent()ns] n. separate[seprt] v. a. separately[seprtl]ad. separation[sepre()n] n. September[sptemb(r)] n. 9 serious[srs] a.,, servant[svnt] n. serve[sv] vt. , service[svs] n. service-charge[svs-td] n. , session[se()n] n.,, set (set, set) [set] vt. settle[set()l] vi. settlement[setlmnt] n. settler[setl(r)] n. seven[sev()n] num. seventeen[sevntin] num. seventh[sevn] num. seventy[sevnt] num. several[sevr()l] pron. , a. severe [sv(r)] a., sew (sewed, sewn sewed) [s] vi. , sex[seks] n. shabby[b] a.,, shade[ed] n. shadow[d] n. , shake (shook, shak en) [ek] v. shall (should) [l, ()l] v. aux. shallow[l] a. ,, shame[em] n. n.

Shanghai[ha] n. shape[ep] n. v. share[e(r)] vt. shark[k] n. sharp[p] a. sharpen[pn] v. sharpener[pn(r)] n. pencil- sharpener[pens()l-pn(r)] shave (shaved, shaved shaven) [ev]v. shaver n. she[i] pron. sheep (sheep) [ip] n. sheet[it] n. shelf ( shelves) [elf] n. shelter[elt(r)] n. shine[an] n. () shine (shone, shone -d, -d) [an] v. ship[p] n. vi. shirt [t] vn. shock[k] vt. shoe[u] n. shoot [ut] (shot, shot) vt. n. shooting[ut] n. shop [p]vi. n. , shop assistant [p sst()nt] () shopkeeper[pkip(r)] n. shopping[p] n. shore [(r)]n. short[t] a. shortcoming[tkm] n. shortly[tl] ad. shorts [ts]n. short wave [t] [wev]n. shot[t] n. should[t] v. mod. v. aux.,shall

shoulder [ld(r)]n. ,() shout[ld(r)] n.& v. show []n. ,;
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show [] (showed, shown shower[a(r)] n.

showed) v. ,,

sister-in-law [sst(r) -n-l]n. sit (sat, sat) [st] vi. situation[stje()n] n. six [sks]num. sixth [sks]num. sixty [skst]num. sixteen [skst]num. sixteenth[skstin] num. size [skstin]n. skate [skstin]vi. skateboard [sketbd]n. ski [ski]n.& vi. skill[ski] n. skilled[ski] a. skillful [sklf()l]a. ,, skillfully ['skilfuli] ad. , skin [skn]n. skip[skp] v. skipping [skp] rope skirt[skt] n. sky [ska]n. skyscraper [skaskrep(r)]n. slave[slev] n. slavery[slevr] n. sleep [slip]n. sleep (slept, slept) [slip] vi. sleepy [slip]a. ,, sleeve[sliv] n. slice [sliv]n.

shrink (shrank, shrunk / shrunk, shrunken) [rk]v. shut (shut, shut) [t]v. / n. shuttle[t()l] vn. shyv[a] a. sick[sk] a.,, sickness[skns] n. side [skns]n. sideroad (AmE sidewalk) n. sideway [sadwez] n. sideways[sadwez] ad. sigh [sa]vi. sight [sa]n. sightseeing [satsi]n. sign[san] n. signal[sn()l] n. signature[snt(r)] n. significance[snt(r)] n. silence[salns] n. silentsalnt] a. silk[slk] n. silly[sl] a. silver[slv(r)] n. similar[sml(r)] a. simple[smp()l] a. simple-minded [smp()l mand]a., simplify[smplfa] v. simply[smpl] ad.,() since [sns]ad. conj. prep. /

slide [slad]n., v., slight[slat] a. slim[slm] a. slip [slp]n. slow[slp] ad. small [sml] a. smart [smt]a. smell (smelt, smelt -ed,-ed) [smel] v. smelly [smel] a. ,
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sincerely[sn'srl /-'sl-] ad. sing (sang, sung) [s] v. singer [s]n. single [s()l]a. sink [sk] n. sink (sank, sunk) [sk] vi. sir [s(r)]n. sister[sst(r)] n.

n.

smile [smal]n.& v. smog [smal]n. (= smoke + fog) smoke[smal] n. v.

somebody [smbd; smbd] pron. someone[smwn] pron. something[sm] pron. sometimes[smtamz] ad. somewhere [smtamz]ad. son[sn] n. song[sn] n. soon[sn] ad. ,, sorrow[sr] n. sorry[sr] a. ,; sort [st]v]t. n. so-so[s-s] a. soul [sl]n. sound [sand]vi.,n. soup [sup] n. sour [sa(r)]a. south [sa(r)]a. () ad. n. southeast [sa's n. southern[s()n] a. southwest [sau'west] n. souvenirs [suvn(r); (US) suvnr]n., sow (sowed, sown -ed) [s]vt. space [spes]n. spaceship[spesp] n. spade[sped] n. ; spaghettiv n. Spain* [spen]n. Spanish[spn] a. n. spare[spe(r)] a. , sparrow [spr]n. speak (spoke, spoken) [spr] v. speaker [spik(r)]n. spear [sp(r)]n. special [spe()l]a. specialist [spelst] n. specific [spsfk]a.,, speech [spit]n. speed[spid] n. v.
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smoke-free[smk-fri] a. , smoker[smk(r)] n. smoking [smk]n. ,; smooth [smk]a. ; snack [snk] n. snack bar[snk b] n. snake[snek] n.v.; snatch [snek]v. sneaker[snek] n. sneeze [snek]v. sniff [snf] v. , snow[sn] n. vi.

snowball[snbl] n. snowman[snmn] n. snowy[sn] a. ()() so [s]ad. conj.

soap[sp] n. sob [sp]n.& v. soccer[sk(r)] n. social [s()l]a. socialism [slz()m] n. socialist [slst] a. society [ssat]n. sock [sk]n. socket[skt] n. sofa [skt]n. soft sft; (US) sft] a. software [sft; (US) sft] n. soft drink[sft drk] n. () softball [sftbl] n. soil [sl]n. solar [sl(r)]a. soldier[sld(r)] n. solid [sld] a. , n. some[sm] a. pron.

spell [spid]vt. spelling[spel] n. spend (spent, spent) [spel] v. spin [spn]v.& n. spirit [sprt]n. spiritual [sprtl]a. spit [spt]v. splendid[splendd] a. split [splt] v. ; spoken[spkn] a. spoken man/ woman (pl. spokemen/ women) [spkn mn] n. sponsor [spns(r)] n. spoon[spun] n. , spoonful[spunfl] n. sport [spt]vn. () spot [spt] n. v.

stare[ste(r)] vi. start[stt] v. starvation[stve()n] n. starve[stv] v. state[stet] n. station[ste()n] n. statement [stetmnt] n. statesman/ woman (pl. statesmen/ women) [stetsmn] n. statistics[sttstks] n. statue[sttju] n. status[stets] n. stay[ste] n.& vi. steady[sted] a. steak[stek] n. steal (stole, stolen) [stil] vt. , steam[stim] n. steel[stil] n. steep[stip] a. step[step] n.,, vi., step-mother[step-m(r)] n. a. steward[stjud; (US) sturd] n. () stewardess[stjudes, stjuds] n., stick (stuck, stuck) [stk] vi. n. , still[stl] a.,ad., stocking[stk] n. stomach[stmk] n. stomachache[stmkek] n. stone[stn] n. stop[stp] n. v. stopwatch [stpwt] n. storage[strd] n. store[st(r)] n. vt. storm[stm] n. story[str] n. stout[stat] a. stove[stv] n. straight[stret] a. ad.
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spray[spre] n. / v. ,() spread[spred] v. spring[spr] n. , n. , spy[spa] n. , v., square[skwe(r)] n. squeeze n. squid[skwd] n. squirrel[skwr()l; (US) skwrl] n. stable[steb()l] a. stadium[stedm] n. staff[stf] n. stage[sted] n. stain[sten] n. stainless[stenls] a. stainless steel[stenls stil] stair[ste(r)] n. stamp [stmp] n. stand[stnd] n. stand (stood, stood) [stnd] v. standard[stndd] n. & a. star[st(r)] n.

straightforward[stretfwd] a./ ad. strait[stret] n. strange[strend] a. ,, stranger[strend(r)] n. straw[str] n. strawberry[strbr; (US) -ber] n. stream[strim] n. street[strit] n. strength[stre] n. strengthen [stre()n] vt. stress[stres] n. strict[strkt] a. strike[strak] v.;, strike (struck, struck stricken) [strak] vt. , string[str] n. strong[str; (US) str] a. () struggle[str()l] vi. stubborn[stbn] a. student[stjudnt] n. studio[stjud] n. study[std] v. n. v.

suggest[sdest; (US) sdest] vt. suggestion[sdest()n] n. suit[sut, sjut] vt. n. suite[swit] n. suitable[sjutb()l] a. suitcase[sjutkes] n.(), summary[smr] n. summer[sm(r)] n. sun[sn] n. sunburnt[snbnt] a. Sunday[snde] n. sunglasses[snlss] n. sunlight[snlat] n. sunny[sn] a. ; sunrise[snras] n. sunset[snset] n. () sunshine[snan] n. super[sup(r), sjup(r)] a. superb[supb] a. , superior[supr(r)] a. n. superman[supman] n. supermarket[supmkt] n. supper[sp(r)] n.

stupid[stjupd] a. style[stal] n. subject[sbdkt] a. vt. n.

supply[spla] vt.& n. support[spt] vt.& n. suppose[spz] vt. ,, supreme[suprim] a., sure[(r), (r)] a. ad. () surface[sfs] n. surgeon[sd()n] n. surplus[spls] n. surprise[spraz] vt. , n. , surround[srand]vt. surrounding[srand] a. survival[svav()l] n. survive[svav] v. suspect[sspekt] n. suspension[sspen()n] n.,,
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subjective[sbdektv] a. submit[sbmt] v. subscribe[sbskrab] v., substitute [sbsttjut] v. subtraction[sbtrk()n] n. succeed[sksid] vi. success[skses] n. successful[sksesfl] a. , such[st] ad. suck[sk] vt. sudden[sd()n] a. suffer[sf(r)] vi. suffering[sfr] n. sugar[(r)] n. pron. a.

swallow[swl] vt. swap[swp] v. swear (swore, sworn) [swe(r)] v.., sweat[swet] n. sweater[swet(r)]n. sweep(swept,swept) [swip] v. sweet[swit] n.;;;;a.;;; swell (swelled, swollen) [swel] v. swift[swft] a. swim[swm] n. swim (swam, swum) [swm] vi. , swimming[swm] n. swimming pool[swm pul] n. swing[sw] vt. Swiss[sw] a. n. n.

tape[tep] n. tape recorder[tep rkd(r)] n. target[tt] n./ v. task[tsk; (US) tsk] n. , taste[test] n. , vt. , tasteless[testls] a. tasty[test] a. tax[tks] n. tax-free[tks fri] taxi[tks] n. taxipayer n. tea[ti] n. teach(taught,taught) [ti] v. , teacher[tit(r)] n. team[tim] n. teamwork [timwk] n. teapot[tipt] n. tear[te(r)] n. v. , tease[tiz] v. technical[teknk()l] a. technique[teknk()l] n. ;, technology[teknld] n. teenager[tined(r)] n.1319 telegram[telrm] n.

Switzerland[swtslnd]* n. switch[swt] v./ n. ,, sword[sd] n. symbol[smb()l] n. sympathy[smp] n. symphony[smfn] n. symptom[smfn] n. system [sstm] n. systematic[sstmtk] a.,

T
table[teb()l] n. table tennis[teb()l tens] n. tablettens n. tail[tel] n. () tailor[tel(r)] n. take (took, taken) [tek] vt. tale[tel] n. , talent[tlnt] n. talk[tk] n.& v.,,, tall[tl] a. tank[tk] n. tanker[tk(r)] n. tap[tp] n. ()

telegraph [telrf; (US) -rf] v. () telephone[telrf; (US) -rf] v. n. telephone-boothtelephone-box n. telescope[telrf; (US) -rf] n. television[telrf; (US) -rf] n. tell (told, told) [tel] vt.,, temperature[temprt(r)] n. temple[temp()l] n. temporary[temprr] a. temptation[tempte()n] n. tend[tend] v. tendency[tendns] n. tennis[tens] n. ten[ten] num.
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tense[tens] a. tension[ten()n] n. tent[tent] n. tentative[tent] a. term[tm] n. ;;; terminal[tm] a.() terrible[terb()l] a. terrify[terfa] vt. terror[ter(r)] n. test[test] vt.& n. , text[tekst] n. textbook n. than[en, n] conj. thank[k] vt. n.

third[d] num. thirst[d] n. thirsty[st] a. thirteen[tin] num. thirty[t] num. this[s] a.& pron. thorough[r; (US) r] a. those[z] a.& pron. though[] conj. thought[t] n. ,; thousand[aznd] num. thread[red] n. three[ri] num. thrill[rl] n./ v. thriller[rl(r)] n. throat [rt] n. through [ru] prep.; ad.();, n. throughout [ruat] prep. throw(threw,thrown) [r] v.,, thunder [nd(r)] n.& v. thunderstorm [ndstm] n. Thursday [zde] n. thus [s] ad. Tibet [ti'bet] n. Tibeta [ti'betn] n. tick [tk] vt. ticket [tkt] n. ad. " tidy [tkt] a. vt. tie [ta] vt. n. tiger [ta(r)] n. tight [tat] a. till [tl] conj.& prep., time [tam] n. ;;,, vt., timetable [tamteb()l] n. tin [tn] n. tiny [tan] adj. tinier, tiniest a. tip [tp] n.& v. () tire [ta(r)] vi.
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thankful[kfl] a. that[t] a.& pron. conj. ad. the[, , i] art. , theatre (theater) ['it] theft[eft] n. their[e(r)] pron. (,) theirs[ez] pron. , them[()m, em] pron. // theme[im] n. themselves[mselvz] pron.// then[en] ad. ,,, theoretical[retk()l] a. theory[retk()l] n. there[e(r)] int. n.

therefore[ef(r)] ad. thermos[ms] n. these[ms] a. & pron. they[e] pron. thick[k] a. thief (thieves) [if] n. , thin[n] a. thing[] n. () think(thought, thought) [k] v. thinking[k] n. ;;

tired [tad] a. tiresomev a. tissue[tu, tsju] n. title [tu, tsju] n. to [t, tu] prep. toast [tst] v./ n. tobacco [tst] n. today [tst] ad.& n.;, together [tst] ad. toilet [tlt] n. Tokyo [tkj] n. tolerate [tlret] v. tomato [tmt; (US) tmet] n. tomb [tum] n. tomorrow [tmr] ad. & n. ton [tmr] n. tongue [t] n. tonight [tnat] ad.& n. too [tnat] ad.,,,,,, tool [tul] n. tooth ( teeth) [tu] n. toothache [tuek] n. toothbrush [tubr] n. toothpaste [tupest] n. top [tp] n. , topic [tpk] n. tortoise [tpk] n. total [tt()l] a. ;;, n., v. totally [tt()l] ad. touch [tt] vt. tough [tt()l] a. tour [t(r)] n. , , tourism [trz()m] n. tourist[trst] vn. tournament [tnmnt; (US) trn-] n. toward(s) [twd] prep. towel [tal] n. tower [ta(r)] n.

town [tan] n. toy [t] n. , track [trk] n. tractor [trkt(r)] n. trade [tred] n. vt. tradition [trd()n] n. traditional [trd()n] a. traffic [trfk] n. traffic lights [trfk lats] n. train [tren] n. v. , trainer [tren(r)] n. training [tren] n. tram [trm] n. transform [trnsfm] v., translate [trnslet] vt. translation [trnsle()n] n. transparent [trnsprnt] a. translator [trns'leit] n. transport [trnspt] n.& vt. trap [trp] n. vt. travel [trv()l] n.& vi. traveler [trvl(r)] n. treasure [tre(r)] n. , treat [trit] vt. treatment [tritmnt] n. , tree [tri] n. tremble [tremb()l] v. trend [trend] n. trial [tral] n. triangle [tra()l] n.& adj.; trick [trk] n. trip [trp] n. trolley-bus [trl- bs] n. troopv vi. troop [trup] n. trouble [trb()l] vt. ,, n.,,, troublesome [trb()lsm] a., trousers [trazz] n.
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truck [trk] n. , true [tru] a. truly [trul] ad. trunk [trk] n. trust [trst] vt.

v.

unbearable [nberb()l] a., unbelievable [nblivb()l] a. uncertain [st()n] a. uncle [k()l] n. ,,,, uncomfortable [nkmftb()l] a. unconditional [nkndn()l] a. unconscious [nkns] a., under [nd(r)] ad.& prep. underground [ndrand] a. n. underline [ndlan] v. understand (understood, understood) [ndstnd] v. ;; understanding [ndstnd] n. ;

truth [tru] n. ,,, try [tru] v. T-shirt [ti- t] n. T tube [tjub; (US) tub] n. tune [tjun; (US) tun] n. Tuesday [tjuzde] n. turkey [tk] n. turn [tn] v. n.

undertake (undertook, undertaken) [ndtek] v. underwear [ndwe(r)] n. undivided [ndvadd] a. undo [ndu] v. unemployment [nmplmnt] n., unfair [nfe(r)] a. unfit [nft] a. unfold [nfld] vt. unfortunate [nfld] a. unfortunately [nftjntl] ad. unhappy [nftjntl] a. , unhealthy [nhel] a., uniform [junfm] n. unimportant [nmpt(e)nt] a., union [junjn] n. , unique [jnik] a. , unit [junt] n. unite [jnat] v. universal [junvs()l] a. universe [junvs] n.

turning n [tn] . tutor[tjut(r)] n. TV() = television [ti'vi] n. twelfth [twelf] num. twelve [twelv] num. twentieth vnum. twenty [twent] num. twenty-first [twent- [fst] num. twenty-one [twent- wn] num. twice [twas] ad. twin [twst] n. twist [twst] v./ n. two [tu] num. type [tap] vt. typewriter [taprat(r)] n. typical [tpk()l] a. typhoon [tafun] n. typist [tapst] n. tyre (tire) [ta] n.

U
ugly [l] a.

university [junvst] n. unknown [junvst] a. unless [nles] conj. unlike [nlak] prep. unmarried [nmrd] a. unpleasant [nplez()nt] a.
第 48 页 共 52 页

U.K./ UK() = United Kingdom [ju ke] n. umbrella [mbrel] n. U.N./ UN() = the United Nations [ju n] n. unable [ju n] a.

unrest [nrest] n. unsafe [nsef] a. unsuccessful [nsksesfl] a. , until [ntl] prep.& conj. untrue [ntru] a. unusual [njul] a. unwilling [nwl] a. up [p] ad. a. n. v. prep. ()()()

vast [vst; (US) vst] a. VCD = versatile compact disk n. veal [vil] n. vegetable [vedtb()l] n. vehicle [vik()l; (US) vihkl] n. version [v()n; (US) vrn] n. vertical [vtk()l] a. very[ver] vad. vest [vest] n. via [va] prep. vice [vas] n. victim [vktm] n. victory [vktr] n. video [vd] n. videophone ['vidifn] n. view [vju] n. ,;, viewer [vju(r)] n. village [vld] n. villager ['vilid] n. vinegar ['vilid] n. violate [valet] v. violence [valns] n. violent [valnt] a. violin [valn] n. violinist [valnst] n.

upon [pn] prep. upper [p(r)] a. upset [pset] a. upstairs [pstez] ad. upward [pwd] ad. urban [bn] a. urge [d] v. urgent [dnt] a. U.S.A./USA() = the United States of America [ju es e] n. use [juz] n.& vt.,, usedv a. ;; useful [jusfl] a. useless [jusls] a. user [juz] n. usual [jul] a. usually [jul] ad.

V
vacation [vke()n] n. vacant [veknt] a. vague [ve] a. vain [ven] n. valid [vld] a.,, valley [vl] n. , valuable [vljb()l] a. value [vlju] n. vanilla [vnl] n. variety [vrat] n. various [vers] a. vase [vz; (US) ves] n.

virtue [vtju] n. ,, virus [vars] n. visa [viz] n. visit [viz] n.& vt. visitor [vzt(r)] n. visual [vjl] a. vital [vat()l] a. vivid [vvd] a. vocabulary [vkbjlr] n. , voice [vs] n. ; volcano [vlken] n.

volleyball [vlken] n. voluntary [vlntr] a.
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volunteer [vlnt(r)] n./ v. vote [vt] vi. voyage [vd] n.

we [wi, w] pron. web [web] n. website [websat] n.

W
wag [vd] v. wage [wed] n. waist [west] n. wait [wet] vi. waiter [wet(r)] n. waiting -room [wet- rm] n., waitress [tres] n. wake (woke, woken) [wek] v., walk [wk] n.& v. walkman [wkmn] n. wall [wl] n. wallet [wlt] n. (,) walnut [wlnt] n. wander [wnd(r)] vi.,,, want [wnt; (US) wnt] vt. ,,, war [w(r)] n. ward [wd] n. ,,, warehouse [wehas] n. warm [wm] a. ,; warm-hearted [wm- ht] a. warmth [wm] n. war [w(r)] n vt. warning [wn] n. wash [wn] n.(),,, v.(),,, washing -machine [w- min] n. washroom [wrm, wrum] n. waste [west] n.& vt. watch [wt] vt. n.

weak [wik] a. weakness [wikns] n. wealth [wel] n. wealthy [wel] a. wear (wore, worn) [we(r)] v. weather [we(r)] n. weatherman ['weatherman || n., wedding [wed] n. , Wednesday [wenzde] n. weed [wid] n. week [wik] n. weekday [wikde] n. weekend [wikend, wikend] n. weekly [wikl] a. weep [wip] v. weigh [we] vt. weight [wet] n. welcome [welkm] int.n. & v. a. welfare [welfe(r)] n. well [wel] (better, best) ad. ,, a.,,int. ,;,, n. well-known [wel- nn] a., west [west] a. (), ad. , n. western [west()n] a. westerner ['westn] n. westwards [westwdz] ad. wet [wet] a. ,, whale [wel; (US) hwel] n. what [wt; (US) hwt] pron. , a. whatever [wtev(r)] conj. & pron. wheat [wit; (US) hwit] n. wheel [wil; (US) hwil] n. when [wen] conj. ad. whenever [wenev(r)] conj. where [we(r); (US) hwer] ad. wherever [werev(r)] conj.
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water [wt(r)] n. v. watermelon [wtmeln] n. wave [wev] n. wax [wks] n. way [we] n. wayside [we] a. v.

whether [we(r); (US) hwer] conj. which [wt; (US) hwt] pron. ()() a.()()() whichever [wtev(r)] pron. ; while [wal; (US) hwal] conj., n. whisper [wsp(r)] v. whistle [wat; (US) hwat] n. white [wat; (US) hwat] a. who [hu] pron. whole [hl] a. whom [hum] pron. (who ) whose [huz] pron. why [wa; (US) hwa] ad./ int. , wide [we(r); (US) hwer] a. widespread [wadspred, -spred] a., wife [waf] n. wild [wald] a. wildlife [waldlaf] n. will [wl] n. , will (would) [wl] modal v. ,() willing [wl] a. willingly ['wilili] ad. n.

withdraw [wdr] v. within [wn] prep. without [wat] prep. witness [wtns] v./ n. wolfwolves [wlf] n. woman ( women) [wmn] n. wonder [wnd(r)] v. , n. ,; wonderful [wndfl] a. wood [wndfl] n.,,(), wooden [wd()n] a. woo [wl] l n. woollen ['wulin] a. word [wd] n. work [wk] n. ,, vi. ;(), workday ['w:kdei] n. worker [wk(r)] n. workforce ['w:kf:s] n. workmate ['w:kf:s] n. workplace [wkples] n. works[wks] n. world [wld] n. world-famous [wld- fems] a. worldwide [wldwad, -wad] a. worm [wm] n. ,() worn [wrn /wm] a. ,, worried ['wrd /'w-] a. worry [wr] n.& v.,,, worse [ws] a. (bad) worst [wst] a. (bad) worth [w] a. , worthless [wls] a., worthwhile [wwal] a. worthy [wwal] a. would [wd, wd] modal v.will wound [wund] vt., n., wounded [wundd] a. wrestle [res()l] v. wrinkle [rk()l] n.
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willingness ['wilinis] n. win (won, won) [wn] n. wind [wnd] n. wind(wound,wound) [wnd] vt. windbreaker ['wind,breik] n.,() window [wnd] n. windy [wnd] a. wine [wan] n. wing [w] n. winner [wn(r)] n. winter [wnt(r)] n. wipe [wap] v. wire [wa(r)] n. wisdom [wzdm] n. wise [waz] a. ,, wish [w] n. vt.

with [w] prep.,,,,,

wrist [rst] n. write [rat] (wrote, written) v. writing [rat] n. wrong [r; (US) r] a.,,

X
X-ray [eks-re] n. XX

Y
yard [jd] n. yawn [jn] v. year [j(r), j(r)] n. yell [jel] v. yellow [jel] a. yes [jes] ad. yesterday [jestde] n.& ad. yet [jet] ad. yoghurt ['jgt,'j-] n. you [ju, j] young [j] a. your [j] pron. yours [jz, jz] pron. yourself [jself; (US) jrself] pron. yourselves [jself; (US) jrself] pron. youth [ju] n. yummy [jm] a. pron.

Z
zebra [zebr, zibr] n. zebra -crossing [zebr-krs] zero [zr] n. & num.,, zip [zp] v.& n.() zip code() =postcode [zp kd] () zipper [zp(r)] n. zone [zu] n. zoo [zu] n. zoom [zum] v.

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