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Unit 5 Nelson Mandela ---- a modern hero

William Tyndale

Norman Bethune

Sun Yat-sen

Mohandas Gandhi Neil Armstrong Nelson Mandela

1.He

fought for black people and was in prison for almost thirty years. 2.He helped black people get the same rights as white people. 3.He was chosen as the first black president of South Africa. 4. He was given the Nobel Prize for peace in 1993.

Nelson Mandela

Reading strategies: Make a guess according to the title before reading.

What’s the connection between them?
A.Strangers B. Friends

C. Father and son
D. Teacher and student

a great person a modern hero

an ordinary person

What is the general idea of the story? The story is about __________ .
A.the poor life of black people in South Africa. B.the life of Mandela. C.how Mandela helped black people. D.how Elias met Mandela.

How many parts can the text be divided into? Give the general idea of each part.
Part I Paragraph 1-2 The way of Elias’

life before he met Nelson Mandela.
Part II Paragraph 3-5

The change of Elias’ life after he met Nelson Mandela and what Mandela did.

Scanning name birth place profession education Timeline of Elias’ life Elias

? Elias’ basic information:
South Africa worker/miner studied for only 2 years

1940: He was born . 1946: He began school 1948: He left school 1952: He was 12 and met Mandela

True or False ? 1.Elias went to see Nelson Mandela when he was in trouble. T ? 2.Elias left school because the school was too far from his home. F ? 3.Nelson Mandela helped him keep his job. T ? 4.Elias trusted Nelson Mandela and he joined the ANC Youth League. T ? 5.Elias was willing to blow up government buildings. F ? 6.Nelson Mandela thought violence was a good way to help black people. F

Careful reading Questions: 1.What trouble did Elias have at that time?

2.What advice did Mandela give to Elias?
3. What was the unfair situation that black people faced at that time?

4. What did Elia's and Mandela do to change the terrible situation?

? Elias’ trouble:
?

Elias was not allowed to go on working in a gold mine without a passbook. He was worried about whether he would be out of work.

? Mandela's advice:
?

Mandela told Elias how to get the correct papers so that he could keep his job.

? The terrible situation for black people in South Africa :
Black people could not vote. They couldn’t get the jobs they wanted. They were sent to the poorest areas where no one could grow food.

? Their fight against the terrible situation:
They chose to attack the laws. ? They first broke the law in a way which was peaceful. ? When this was not allowed, they decided to answer violence with violence. ? They blew up some government buildings although it was dangerous.
?

Sentences with the Attributive Clause 1.The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. 2. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. 3.He was generous with his time , for which I was grateful. 4. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometres away. 5.However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. 6.The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest.

7.The last thirty years have….,until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 8.The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. 9. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. 10. …we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 11. We first broke the laws in a way which was peaceful.

Discussion
According to the text, Elias was very thankful to Nelson Mandela. In the Eyes of Elias, what good qualities did Mandela have? Give your reasons. bravery, persistence (坚韧不拔), strong will, kindness, determination,belief,

Warming-up and reading:

1.牺牲生命去干…
2. 为…去死,渴望

devote one’s life to doing

die for

3. 反对…而战
4. 做…工作

fight against-----fight for work as strongly believe in give up a rich life (be) free from in a peaceful way be in prison the first (man) to do…

5. 坚定地信仰

6. 放弃富裕的生活 7. 摆脱,免除 8. 用和平的方式 9. 坐牢

10. 第一个干… 的人

11. 人生中很困难的时期 a very difficult period of my life

12. 给…提供指导
13. 对…慷慨大方

offer guidance to sb.

be generous with

14. 付学费
15. 失业

pay the school fees be/become out of work get the correct papers be hopeful about reach a stage

16. 得到合适的证件
17. 对未来充满希望 18. 进入一个阶段 19. 毫无权利

have no rights at all put into a position

20. 置于一个境地

21. 跟政府作斗争 fight (against/with) the government

22. 抨击法律

attack laws

23. 破坏法律

break the law

24. 以暴制暴 answer violence with violence

25. 事实上 in fact, as a matter of fact
26. 炸毁建筑物 blow up the buildings

27. 干…被抓

be caught doing sth

28. 投入监狱 be put in prison 29. 实现梦想 achieve one’s dream (of…) 30. 愿意干… 31. 求助于暴力 be willing to do turn to violence

32. 不公平的境况 the unfair situation

1. 第一次见到曼德拉的时候是我一生中非常艰难的时期。

The time when I first met Mandela was a very difficult period of my life 2. 他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。 He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.
3. 我仅仅在那里读了两年的学校有三公里远。 The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. 4.This was a time when one had got to have a 在那时,你想要住在约翰内斯堡就得要有身份证。 passbook to live in Johannesburg.

5.曼德拉给予我帮助的那天是我一生中最高兴的日子。

The day when Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. 6.直到今天,我们还处于几乎没有权利的阶段。
Until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 7. 他们所能住的城区都是有白人决定的。 The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. 8.他们被打发去住的城外地区是南非最贫困的地区。 The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa.

9. 我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一 等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。 We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important of fight the government. 10. 过去30年见证了大量法律剥夺我们权利,阻止我们 进步。 The last 30 years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress. 11. 只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.

Homework
?

Read the text and get a better understanding of the text. Exercise book Page 52-53

?


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